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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655271/one-year-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-radial-extracorporeal-shock-wave-treatment-with-predictors-of-pain-disability-and-return-to-work-in-patients-with-subacromial-pain-syndrome
#1
Elisabeth Kvalvaag, Cecilie Røe, Kaia B Engebretsen, Helene L Soberg, Niels G Juel, Erik Bautz-Holter, Leiv Sandvik, Jens I Brox
BACKGROUND: Radial extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy (rESWT) is increasingly used to treat patients with subacromial pain syndrome despite conflicting evidence of its effectiveness. Better knowledge regarding prognostic factors may contribute to the improvement in treatment and prognosis for the patients. AIM: The first aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of rESWT in addition to supervised exercises in patients with subacromial pain syndrome after one year...
June 27, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655135/home-based-exercise-program-improves-balance-and-fear-of-falling-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-mild-alzheimer-s-disease-a-pilot-study
#2
Kalpana P Padala, Prasad R Padala, Shelly Y Lensing, Richard A Dennis, Melinda M Bopp, Paula K Roberson, Dennis H Sullivan
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Balance problems are common in older adults with Alzheimer's disease (AD). The objective was to study the effects of a Wii-Fit interactive video-game-led physical exercise program to a walking program on measures of balance in older adults with mild AD. METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled parallel-group trial (Wii-Fit versus walking) was conducted in thirty community-dwelling older adults (73±6.2 years) with mild AD. Home-based exercises were performed under caregiver supervision for 8 weeks...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655128/clinical-outcomes-of-kinesio-taping-applied-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Onur Aydoğdu, Zübeyir Sari, S Ufuk Yurdalan, M Gülden Polat
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to compare kinesio taping along with conventional treatment to conventional treatment alone and to report the results of both a single and repetitive kinesio taping application applied on quadriceps femoris and hamstring muscles on pain, range of motion, muscle strength, and functional status in patients with knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: Fifty-four patients with knee osteoarthritis were randomly allocated to two groups. A total of 28 patients were included in kinesio taping group, others were included in the control group...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655025/effect-of-buprenorphine-weekly-depot-cam2038-and-hydromorphone-blockade-in-individuals-with-opioid-use-disorder-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Sharon L Walsh, Sandra D Comer, Michelle R Lofwall, Bradley Vince, Naama Levy-Cooperman, Debra Kelsh, Marion A Coe, Jermaine D Jones, Paul A Nuzzo, Fredrik Tiberg, Behshad Sheldon, Sonnie Kim
Importance: Buprenorphine is an efficacious, widely used treatment for opioid use disorder (OUD). Daily oral transmucosal formulations can be associated with misuse, diversion, and nonadherence; these limitations may be obviated by a sustained release formulation. Objective: To evaluate the ability of a novel, weekly, subcutaneous buprenorphine depot formulation, CAM2038, to block euphorigenic opioid effects and suppress opioid withdrawal in non-treatment-seeking individuals with OUD...
June 22, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655015/effect-of-acupuncture-and-clomiphene-in-chinese-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
Xiao-Ke Wu, Elisabet Stener-Victorin, Hong-Ying Kuang, Hong-Li Ma, Jing-Shu Gao, Liang-Zhen Xie, Li-Hui Hou, Zhen-Xing Hu, Xiao-Guang Shao, Jun Ge, Jin-Feng Zhang, Hui-Ying Xue, Xiao-Feng Xu, Rui-Ning Liang, Hong-Xia Ma, Hong-Wei Yang, Wei-Li Li, Dong-Mei Huang, Yun Sun, Cui-Fang Hao, Shao-Min Du, Zheng-Wang Yang, Xin Wang, Ying Yan, Xiu-Hua Chen, Ping Fu, Cai-Fei Ding, Ya-Qin Gao, Zhong-Ming Zhou, Chi Chiu Wang, Tai-Xiang Wu, Jian-Ping Liu, Ernest H Y Ng, Richard S Legro, Heping Zhang
Importance: Acupuncture is used to induce ovulation in some women with polycystic ovary syndrome, without supporting clinical evidence. Objective: To assess whether active acupuncture, either alone or combined with clomiphene, increases the likelihood of live births among women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Design, Setting, and Participants: A double-blind (clomiphene vs placebo), single-blind (active vs control acupuncture) factorial trial was conducted at 21 sites (27 hospitals) in mainland China between July 6, 2012, and November 18, 2014, with 10 months of pregnancy follow-up until October 7, 2015...
June 27, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654980/consort-extension-for-chinese-herbal-medicine-formulas-2017-recommendations-explanation-and-elaboration
#6
Chung-Wah Cheng, Tai-Xiang Wu, Hong-Cai Shang, You-Ping Li, Douglas G Altman, David Moher, Zhao-Xiang Bian
Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) formulas are the major components of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) interventions. The general reporting quality of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of CHM formulas is disappointing, although CONSORT (Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials) Statement extensions for herbal medicinal interventions and acupuncture interventions are available. A group of TCM clinical experts, methodologists, epidemiologists, and editors has developed this CONSORT Extension for CHM Formulas (CONSORT-CHM Formulas 2017) through a comprehensive process, including publication of the draft version, solicitation of comments, revision, and finalization...
June 27, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654972/effect-of-electronic-reminders-financial-incentives-and-social-support-on-outcomes-after-myocardial-infarction-the-heartstrong-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Kevin G Volpp, Andrea B Troxel, Shivan J Mehta, Laurie Norton, Jingsan Zhu, Raymond Lim, Wenli Wang, Noora Marcus, Christian Terwiesch, Kristen Caldarella, Tova Levin, Mike Relish, Nathan Negin, Aaron Smith-McLallen, Richard Snyder, Claire M Spettell, Brian Drachman, Daniel Kolansky, David A Asch
Importance: Adherence to medications prescribed after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is low. Wireless technology and behavioral economic approaches have shown promise in improving health behaviors. Objective: To determine whether a system of medication reminders using financial incentives and social support delays subsequent vascular events in patients following AMI compared with usual care. Design, Setting, and Participants: Two-arm, randomized clinical trial with a 12-month intervention conducted from 2013 through 2016...
June 26, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654721/comparative-evaluation-of-esthetic-changes-in-nonpitted-fluorosis-stains-when-treated-with-resin-infiltration-in-office-bleaching-and-combination-therapies
#8
Neeraj Gugnani, I K Pandit, Monika Gupta, Shalini Gugnani, Sugandhi Soni, Virender Goyal
OBJECTIVES: Dental fluorosis leads to esthetic deviation and varies from nonpitted white opacities, dark brown stains to pitting or structural breakdown of enamel surface. Treatment for fluorosis depends on the severity of condition and includes both noninvasive methods and invasive methods. Recently resin infiltration has been proposed as an alternative treatment for nonpitted fluorosis. This study was done to evaluate the esthetic changes in nonpitted fluorosis stains when treated with resin infiltration, in-office bleaching and combination therapies...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654682/low-intensity-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-interventions-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-compared-to-waiting-list-for-therapist-led-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-3-arm-randomised-controlled-trial-of-clinical-effectiveness
#9
Karina Lovell, Peter Bower, Judith Gellatly, Sarah Byford, Penny Bee, Dean McMillan, Catherine Arundel, Simon Gilbody, Lina Gega, Gillian Hardy, Shirley Reynolds, Michael Barkham, Patricia Mottram, Nicola Lidbetter, Rebecca Pedley, Jo Molle, Emily Peckham, Jasmin Knopp-Hoffer, Owen Price, Janice Connell, Margaret Heslin, Christopher Foley, Faye Plummer, Christopher Roberts
BACKGROUND: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is prevalent and without adequate treatment usually follows a chronic course. "High-intensity" cognitive-behaviour therapy (CBT) from a specialist therapist is current "best practice." However, access is difficult because of limited numbers of therapists and because of the disabling effects of OCD symptoms. There is a potential role for "low-intensity" interventions as part of a stepped care model. Low-intensity interventions (written or web-based materials with limited therapist support) can be provided remotely, which has the potential to increase access...
June 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654669/role-of-magnesium-supplementation-in-the-treatment-of-depression-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Emily K Tarleton, Benjamin Littenberg, Charles D MacLean, Amanda G Kennedy, Christopher Daley
Current treatment options for depression are limited by efficacy, cost, availability, side effects, and acceptability to patients. Several studies have looked at the association between magnesium and depression, yet its role in symptom management is unclear. The objective of this trial was to test whether supplementation with over-the-counter magnesium chloride improves symptoms of depression. An open-label, blocked, randomized, cross-over trial was carried out in outpatient primary care clinics on 126 adults (mean age 52; 38% male) diagnosed with and currently experiencing mild-to-moderate symptoms with Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) scores of 5-19...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654628/hot-flush-frequency-and-severity-at-baseline-as-predictors-of-time-to-transient-and-stable-treatment-success-pooled-analysis-of-two-ce-bza-studies
#11
JoAnn V Pinkerton, Andrew G Bushmakin, Joel Bobula, Joanne Lavenberg, Barry S Komm, Lucy Abraham
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of baseline hot flush frequency and severity on time to symptom improvement during treatment with conjugated estrogens/bazedoxifene (CE/BZA). METHODS: Data were pooled through week 12 from two randomized placebo-controlled trials (SMART-1 and SMART-2) of nonhysterectomized postmenopausal women with hot flushes treated with CE 0.45 mg/BZA 20 mg or CE 0.625 mg/BZA 20 mg. Time to transient and stable improvement (≥ 50% reduction in hot flush frequency/severity) was estimated using nonparametric models...
June 26, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654627/effect-of-programmed-exercise-on-insulin-sensitivity-in-postmenopausal-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#12
Juan Bueno-Notivol, Julia Calvo-Latorre, Vanesa Alonso-Ventura, Vinay Pasupuleti, Adrian V Hernandez, Faustino R Pérez-López
OBJECTIVE: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effect of programmed exercise for at least 12 weeks, in postmenopausal women on insulin sensitivity-related outcomes (ISROs), including fasting insulin, C-peptide, insulin growth factor (IGF-1) and IGF-binding protein (IGFBP-3), Homeostatic Model Assessment-Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR), and anthropometric variables. METHODS: Searches were conducted in PubMed-Medline, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library from inception through May 3, 2016, for studies published in all languages...
June 26, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654569/maintaining-interrater-agreement-of-core-assessment-instruments-in-a-multisite-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial-the-randomized-evaluation-of-sedation-titration-for-respiratory-failure-restore-trial
#13
Ruth Lebet, Jennifer Hayakawa, Tracy B Chamblee, Joana A Tala, Nakul Singh, David Wypij, Martha A Q Curley
BACKGROUND: RESTORE (Randomized Evaluation of Sedation Titration for Respiratory Failure) was a cluster randomized clinical trial evaluating a sedation strategy in children 2 weeks to <18 years of age with acute respiratory failure supported on mechanical ventilation. A total of 31 U.S. pediatric intensive care units (PICUs) participated in the trial. Staff nurse rater agreement on measures used to assess a critical component of treatment fidelity was essential throughout the 4-year data collection period...
July 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654542/percutaneous-vascular-interventions-versus-bypass-surgeries-in-patients-with-critical-limb-ischemia-a-comprehensive-meta-analysis
#14
Jiarong Wang, Chi Shu, Zhoupeng Wu, Jichun Zhao, Yukui Ma, Bin Huang, Ding Yuan, Yi Yang, He Bian, Yazhou He, Ziqiang Wang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to compare percutaneous vascular interventions (PVI) versus bypass surgeries (BSX) in patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI). BACKGROUND: Previous relevant reviews with limited numbers of included studies did not strictly confine the inclusion criteria to CLI, also involving patients with severe claudication, which may introduce bias in the decision-making of CLI revascularization. Current treatment strategies for CLI still remain controversial...
June 26, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654499/physical-exercise-and-physical-activity-for-children-and-adolescents-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-a-literature-review
#15
Hilenia Catania, Viola Fortini, Rolando Cimaz
PURPOSE: This is a review of studies that investigate the efficacy of exercise therapy and physical activity for children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis since the 2008 Cochrane Review. METHOD: Studies were identified that investigated the use of physical activity and exercise therapy in the treatment of children and adolescents with juvenile idiopathic arthritis, excluding the Cochrane Review. Two reviewers individually analyzed the results of the search to determine the eligibility of studies...
July 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654493/commentary-on-a-range-of-service-delivery-modes-for-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-are-effective-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Lisa Dannemiller, Melinda Mueller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654492/a-range-of-service-delivery-modes-for-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-are-effective-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Emily J Ward, Susan Hillier, Annette Raynor, John Petkov
PURPOSE: To investigate whether the environment and personnel providing intervention to children with developmental coordination disorder make a difference in motor outcomes and perceived competency. METHODS: Ninety-three children (66 males), aged 5 years 1 month to 8 years 11 months, with developmental coordination disorder were randomized to receive a 13-week group-based task-oriented intervention, either at school by a school assistant or physical therapist, or in a health clinic by a physical therapist...
July 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654478/research-design-options-for-intervention-studies
#18
Michele A Lobo, Sarah H Kagan, John D Corrigan
PURPOSE: To review research designs for rehabilitation. SUMMARY OF KEY POINTS: Single-case, observational, and qualitative designs are highlighted in terms of recent advances and ability to answer important scientific questions about rehabilitation. STATEMENT OF CONCLUSIONS: Single-case, observational, and qualitative designs can be conducted in a systematic and rigorous manner that provides important information that cannot be acquired using more common designs, such as randomized controlled trials...
July 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654363/low-fat-dietary-pattern-and-breast-cancer-mortality-in-the-women-s-health-initiative-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Rowan T Chlebowski, Aaron K Aragaki, Garnet L Anderson, Cynthia A Thomson, JoAnn E Manson, Michael S Simon, Barbara V Howard, Thomas E Rohan, Linda Snetselar, Dorothy Lane, Wendy Barrington, Mara Z Vitolins, Catherine Womack, Lihong Qi, Lifang Hou, Fridtjof Thomas, Ross L Prentice
Purpose Earlier Women's Health Initiative Dietary Modification trial findings suggested that a low-fat eating pattern may reduce breast cancers with greater mortality. Therefore, as a primary outcome-related analysis from a randomized prevention trial, we examined the long-term influence of this intervention on deaths as a result of and after breast cancer during 8.5 years (median) of dietary intervention and cumulatively for all breast cancers diagnosed during 16.1 years (median) of follow-up. Patients and Methods The trial randomly assigned 48,835 postmenopausal women with normal mammograms and without prior breast cancer from 1993 to 1998 at 40 US clinical centers to a dietary intervention with goals of a reduction of fat intake to 20% of energy and an increased intake of fruits, vegetables, and grains (40%; n = 19,541) or to a usual diet comparison (60%; n = 29,294)...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654312/effects-of-a-t-ai-chi-based-health-promotion-program-on-metabolic-syndrome-markers-health-behaviors-and-quality-of-life-in-middle-aged-male-office-workers-a-randomized-trial
#20
Ye-Sook Choi, Rhayun Song, Bon Jeong Ku
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of a t'ai chi-applied worksite health promotion program on metabolic syndrome markers, health behaviors, and quality of life in middle-aged male office workers at a high risk of metabolic syndrome. DESIGN: A prospective randomized controlled study. SETTING: Health center of a government office building in Korea. SUBJECTS: Forty-three male office workers with two or more metabolic syndrome markers...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
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