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Sirtuin3

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30227304/sirtuin3-sirt3-gene-molecular-characterization-and-snp-detection-in-prolific-and-low-prolific-goat-breeds
#1
M V Silpa, Thomas Naicy, T V Aravindakshan, G Radhika, Anu Boswell, M Mini
Sirtuin3 (SIRT3) is a member of the Sirtuin family of NAD+ -dependent deacetylase. They have evolved as a vital protein in preventing the activation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in oocytes. A novel study on caprine SIRT3 was conducted, to characterize caprine SIRT3, to detect potential polymorphisms in SIRT3 and to analyze their association with litter size in the two indigenous goat breeds of India viz., the prolific Malabari and low prolific Attappady Black goats. A 1070 bp mRNA sequence of SIRT3 cDNA comprised of an ORF of 1002 bp encoding 333 amino acids, having 96% identity with bovine SIRT3...
September 12, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30216853/sirtuin-3-dependent-mitochondrial-redox-homeostasis-protects-against-ages-induced-intervertebral-disc-degeneration
#2
Yu Song, Shuai Li, Wen Geng, Rongjin Luo, Wei Liu, Ji Tu, Kun Wang, Liang Kang, Huipeng Yin, Xinghuo Wu, Yong Gao, Yukun Zhang, Cao Yang
Intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration contributes largely to pathoanatomical and degenerative changes of spinal structure that increase the risk of low back pain. Apoptosis in nucleus pulposus (NP) can aggravate IVD degeneration, and increasing studies have shown that interventions targeting NP cell apoptosis can ameliorate IVD degeneration, exhibiting their potential for use as therapeutic strategies. Recent data have shown that advanced glycation end products (AGEs) accumulate in NP tissues in parallel with the progression of IVD degeneration and form a microenvironment of oxidative stress...
September 6, 2018: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30208798/melatonin-protects-against-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-by-elevating-sirtuin3-expression-and-manganese-superoxide-dismutase-activity
#3
Jing Feng, Xin Chen, Rui Liu, Changkui Cao, Wei Zhang, Yang Zhao, Shinan Nie
Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (MI/R) injury is a crucial cause for mortality throughout the world. Recent studies indicated that melatonin might exert profound cardio-protective effect in MI/R injury. However, the underlying mechanisms are not completely understood. In the current study, we aimed to explore the potential effect of melatonin in the pathological process of MI/R. Both in vivo MI/R model and in vitro H9c2 cell line simulated I/R (SIR) model were applied with or without melatonin supplementation...
August 2018: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30093307/berberine-reduces-pyruvate-driven-hepatic-glucose-production-by-limiting-mitochondrial-import-of-pyruvate-through-mitochondrial-pyruvate-carrier-1
#4
Aiyun Li, Qun Liu, Qiang Li, Baolin Liu, Yang Yang, Ning Zhang
BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial pyruvate import via mitochondrial pyruvate carrier (MPC) is a central step in hepatic gluconeogenesis. Berberine inhibits hepatic gluconeogenesis, but the mechanism is incompletely understood. This study aims to investigate whether berberine could reduce excessive hepatic glucose production (HGP) by limiting mitochondrial import of pyruvate through MPC1. METHODS: High-fat diet (HFD) feeding augmented HGP. The effects of berberine on hepatic fatty acid oxidation, sirtuin3 (SIRT3) induction and mitochondrial pyruvate carrier 1 (MPC1) function were examined...
August 2018: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30091830/sirtuin3-protects-aged-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells-against-oxidative-stress-and-enhances-efficacy-of-cell-therapy-for-ischaemic-heart-diseases
#5
Dong-Yang Zhang, Chun-Feng Zhang, Bi-Cheng Fu, Lu Sun, Xue-Qing Wang, Wei Chen, Wei Liu, Kai-Yu Liu, Guo-Qing Du, Chong-Yi Ma, Shu-Lin Jiang, Ren-Ke Li, Hai Tian
Sirtuin3 (SIRT3) is associated with oxidative stress and lifespan. However, the possible mechanisms underlying its influence are unknown. We hypothesized that SIRT3 increases the antioxidant capacity of aged cells and improves the efficacy of human mesenchymal stem cell (hMSC) therapy for ischaemic heart diseases in aged patients. In vitro, the antioxidant capacity of old hMSCs (O-hMSCs) was increased after SIRT3 overexpression using a gene transfection technique, while the antioxidant capacity of young hMSCs (Y-hMSCs) was decreased by SIRT3 silencing...
August 9, 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30075231/gastrodin-attenuates-microglia-activation-through-renin-angiotensin-system-and-sirtuin3-pathway
#6
Shun-Jin Liu, Xiao-Yu Liu, Jing-Hui Li, Jing Guo, Fan Li, Yang Gui, Xiu-Hua Li, Li Yang, Chun-Yun Wu, Yun Yuan, Juan-Juan Li
Microglia activation and its mediated production of proinflammatory mediators play important roles in different neurodegenerative diseases; hence, modulation of microglia activation has been considered a potential therapeutic strategy to ameliorate neurodegeneration. This study was aimed to determine whether Gastrodin, a common herbal agent known to possess neuroprotective property, can attenuate production of proinflammatory mediators in activated microglia through the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and Sirtuin3 (SIRT3)...
July 31, 2018: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30017190/alpha-lipoic-acid-reduces-retinal-cell-death-in-diabetic-mice
#7
Yoon Sook Kim, Minjun Kim, Mee Young Choi, Dong Hoon Lee, Gu Seob Roh, Hyun Joon Kim, Sang Soo Kang, Gyeong Jae Cho, Eun-Kyung Hong, Wan Sung Choi
Oxidative stress plays an important role in the development of diabetic retinopathy. Here, we examined whether α-lipoic acid (α-LA), a natural antioxidant, attenuated retinal injury in diabetic mice. The α-LA was orally administered to control mice or mice with streptozotocin-induced diabetes. We found that α-LA reduced oxidative stress, decreased and increased retinal 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal and glutathione peroxidase, respectively, and inhibited retinal cell death. Concomitantly, α-LA reversed the decreased activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and acetyl-CoA carboxylase, and increased the levels of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor delta and sirtuin3 in diabetic mouse retinas, similar to results shown after metformin treatment of retinal pigment epithelial cells (RPE) exposed to high glucose...
September 10, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29970985/sirt3-ameliorates-oxidative-stress-and-mitochondrial-dysfunction-after-intracerebral-hemorrhage-in-diabetic-rats
#8
Jingwei Zheng, Ligen Shi, Feng Liang, Weilin Xu, Tao Li, Liansheng Gao, Zeyu Sun, Jun Yu, Jianmin Zhang
Aim: Sirtuin3 (sirt3) plays a pivotal role in improving oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction which directly induced neuronal apoptosis after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Reactive oxygen species (ROS) is also a critical activator in triggering NACHT, LRR, and PYD domains-containing protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasomes activation which can regulate inflammatory responses in brain. Moreover, hyperglycemia can aggravate the ICH-induced damage. Hence, this study was designed to investigate the mechanisms of neuroprotection of sirt3 in hyperglycemic ICH...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29863652/total-salvianolic-acid-injection-prevents-ischemia-reperfusion-induced-myocardial-injury-via-antioxidant-mechanism-involving-mitochondrial-respiratory-chain-through-the-upregulation-of-sirtuin1-and-sirtuin3
#9
Dan-Dan Huang, Xiao-Hong Wei, Hong-Na Mu, Chun-Shui Pan, Quan Li, Bai-He Hu, Xin Chang, Li Yan, Jing-Yu Fan, Yu-Ying Liu, Jian-Yuan Luo, Jing-Yan Han
Sirtuin1 (Sirt1) and Sirtuin3 (Sirt3) are known to participate in regulating mitochondrial function. However, whether Total Salvianolic Acid Injection (TSI) protects against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury through regulating Sirt1, Sirt3, and mitochondrial respiratory chain complexes is unclear. The aim of this study was to explore the effects of TSI on I/R-induced myocardial injury and the underlying mechanism. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to 30 min occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery followed by 90 min reperfusion with or without TSI treatment (8 mg/kg/h)...
June 1, 2018: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689547/sirt3-facilitates-amniotic-fluid-stem-cells-to-repair-diabetic-nephropathy-through-protecting-mitochondrial-homeostasis-by-modulation-of-mitophagy
#10
Jianxun Feng, Chang Lu, Qin Dai, Junqin Sheng, Min Xu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Amniotic fluid stem cells (AFSCs) transplantation is a promising therapeutic strategy for diabetic nephropathy. Sirtuin3 (SIRT3) is a novel mitochondrial protective factor. In the present study, we aimed to investigate whether SIRT3 protects against hyperglycemia-induced AFSCs damage and enhances the therapeutic efficiency of AFSCs in diabetic nephropathy. METHODS: To establish the diabetic nephropathy model, db/ db mice were used. AFSCs were obtained and transplanted into the kidney tissue of db/ db mice...
2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452236/cardiac-and-placental-mitochondrial-characterization-in-a-rabbit-model-of-intrauterine-growth-restriction
#11
M Guitart-Mampel, A Gonzalez-Tendero, S Niñerola, C Morén, M Catalán-Garcia, I González-Casacuberta, D L Juárez-Flores, O Ugarteburu, L Matalonga, M V Cascajo, F Tort, A Cortés, E Tobias, J C Milisenda, J M Grau, F Crispi, E Gratacós, G Garrabou, F Cardellach
BACKGROUND: Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is associated with cardiovascular remodeling persisting into adulthood. Mitochondrial bioenergetics, essential for embryonic development and cardiovascular function, are regulated by nuclear effectors as sirtuins. A rabbit model of IUGR and cardiovascular remodeling was generated, in which heart mitochondrial alterations were observed by microscopic and transcriptomic analysis. We aimed to evaluate if such alterations are translated at a functional mitochondrial level to establish the etiopathology and potential therapeutic targets for this obstetric complication...
May 2018: Biochimica et biophysica acta. General subjects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446826/1-3-6-7-tetrahydroxy-8-prenylxanthone-ameliorates-inflammatory-responses-resulting-from-the-paracrine-interaction-of-adipocytes-and-macrophages
#12
Dan Li, Qianyu Liu, Wen Sun, Xiuping Chen, Ying Wang, Yuxiang Sun, Ligen Lin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Chronic inflammation in adipose tissue is critical in the onset and development of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Macrophage infiltration into adipose tissue and pro-inflammatory polarization play key roles in adipose tissue inflammation. The fruit hull of mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana) is used in traditional medicine to treat various inflammatory diseases. However, its role in regulating adipose tissue inflammation is unexplored. This study was designed to identify xanthones from G...
May 2018: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238464/curcumin-enhances-liver-sirt3-expression-in-the-rat-model-of-cirrhosis
#13
Sara Chenari, Fatemeh Safari, Ali Moradi
Objectives: Bill duct ligation (BDL) is a representative model of biliary cholestasis in animals. Curcumin has a protective effect on the liver; however, its underlying mechanisms are not completely known. This study explored the hepatoprotective activity of curcumin on hepatic damage via measuring the expression of sirtuin3 (SIRT3), AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1A (CPT-1A), isocitrate dehydrogenase2 (IDH2) and manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) as well as the level of serum lipid profile in the BDL fibrotic rat model...
December 2017: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965081/sirt1-sirt3-axis-regulates-human-blood-brain-barrier-permeability-in-response-to-ischemia
#14
Tao Chen, Shu-Hui Dai, Xia Li, Peng Luo, Jie Zhu, Yu-Hai Wang, Zhou Fei, Xiao-Fan Jiang
Sirtuin1 (Sirt1) and Sirtuin3 (Sirt3) are two well-characterized members of the silent information regulator 2 (Sir2) family of proteins. Both Sirt1 and Sirt3 have been shown to play vital roles in resistance to cellular stress, but the interaction between these two sirtuins has not been fully determined. In this study, we investigated the role of Sirt1-Sirt3 axis in blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability after ischemia in vitro. Human brain microvascular endothelial cells and astrocytes were co-cultured to model the BBB in vitro and oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD) was performed to mimic ischemia...
April 2018: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760678/sirt3-inhibits-ang-ii-induced-transdifferentiation-of-cardiac-fibroblasts-through-%C3%AE-catenin-ppar-%C3%AE-signaling
#15
Xiaobin Guo, Fangying Yan, Xiaolan Shan, Jingyuan Li, Yi Yang, Jie Zhang, Xuefang Yan, Peili Bu
AIMS: Cardiac fibrosis is an inevitable process of numerous cardiovascular diseases in which the transdifferentiation of cardiac fibroblasts plays a pivotal role. Sirtuin3 (SIRT3) has been believed to protect against cardiac fibrosis. However, the mechanism underlying this beneficial effect has not yet been elucidated. In this study, we investigated the potential mechanism of SIRT3 on the inhibition of fibroblast-to-myoblast transdifferentiation. MAIN METHODS: Cells were stimulated by angiotension II (Ang II) with SIRT3 overexpression or knockdown...
October 1, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526626/longevity-and-healthy-ageing-genes-foxo3a-and-sirt3-serum-protein-marker-and-new-road-map-to-burst-oxidative-stress-by-withania-somnifera
#16
Rashmita Pradhan, Rahul Kumar, Shashank Shekhar, Nitish Rai, Akash Ambashtha, Joyita Banerjee, Mona Pathak, S N Dwivedi, Sharmistha Dey, Aparajit B Dey
BACKGROUND: Ageing process is characterized by a decline in function; different age related diseases and excessive age associated mortality. There has always been a quest for easily accessible biomarkers to monitor and identify the development of age-associated stress for providing new anti-ageing strategies. Forkhead box protein O3A (FOXO3A) and Sirtuin3 (SIRT3) are such potential markers which plays important role in a wide variety of cellular mechanisms and has been proposed to be an ideal candidate to study longevity and are potential candidate for healthy ageing by oxidative burst...
September 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396174/sirt3-confers-protection-against-neuronal-ischemia-by-inducing-autophagy-involvement-of-the-ampk-mtor-pathway
#17
Shu-Hui Dai, Tao Chen, Xia Li, Kang-Yi Yue, Peng Luo, Li-Kun Yang, Jie Zhu, Yu-Hai Wang, Zhou Fei, Xiao-Fan Jiang
Sirtuin3 (Sirt3) is a member of the silent information regulator 2 (Sir2) family of proteins located in mitochondria that influences almost every major aspect of mitochondrial biology, including ATP generation and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Our previous study showed that Sirt3 exerts protective effects against oxidative stress in neuronal cells. In this study, we investigated the role of Sirt3 in neuronal ischemia using an oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD) model. Sirt3 was up-regulated by OGD and overexpression of Sirt3 through lentivirus transfection significantly reduced OGD-induced lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release and neuronal apoptosis...
July 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073422/-research-advances-in-the-association-between-deacetylase-sirtuin3-and-liver-diseases
#18
REVIEW
J Yu, C Chen, W X Wang
The deacetylase Sirtuin 3 (SIRT3) is a member of the Sirtuins mainly located in the mitochondrial matrix, and as a nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+ )-dependent deacetylase, it can regulate cellular energy metabolism and oxidative stress-related pathways. The liver is the largest solid organ in the human body and plays a very important role in substance metabolism. Based on the features of SIRT3, it is closely associated with the development and progression of certain liver diseases. This article reviews the research advances in the role of SIRT3 in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, liver cancer, and hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury...
December 20, 2016: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888691/redox-imbalance-and-mitochondrial-abnormalities-in-the-diabetic-lung
#19
Jinzi Wu, Zhen Jin, Liang-Jun Yan
Although the lung is one of the least studied organs in diabetes, increasing evidence indicates that it is an inevitable target of diabetic complications. Nevertheless, the underlying biochemical mechanisms of lung injury in diabetes remain largely unexplored. Given that redox imbalance, oxidative stress, and mitochondrial dysfunction have been implicated in diabetic tissue injury, we set out to investigate mechanisms of lung injury in diabetes. The objective of this study was to evaluate NADH/NAD+ redox status, oxidative stress, and mitochondrial abnormalities in the diabetic lung...
April 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773814/role-of-sirtuin3-in-high-glucose-induced-apoptosis-in-renal-tubular-epithelial-cells
#20
Xiaocui Jiao, Ying Li, Tao Zhang, Maodong Liu, Yanqing Chi
The apoptosis of renal tubular epithelial cells contributes to the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. High glucose-induced mitochondrial oxidative stress is considered to be an important mediator for renal tubular cell apoptosis. Sirtuin3(Sirt3), a kind of mitochondria-localized nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide(NAD(+))-dependent protein deacetylase, has been reported to regulate the generation of ROS in mitochondria through regulating acetylation level and activity of several key mitochondrial enzymes. In this study, we investigated the role of Sirt3 on high glucose-induced apoptosis in HK-2 cells...
November 18, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
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