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ERR alpha

Christina T Teng, Jui-Hua Hsieh, Jinghua Zhao, Ruili Huang, Menghang Xia, Negin Martin, Xiaohua Gao, Darlene Dixon, Scott S Auerbach, Kristine L Witt, B Alex Merrick
Estrogen-related receptor alpha (ERRα), the first orphan nuclear receptor discovered, is crucial for the control of cellular energy metabolism. ERRα and its coactivator, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-alpha (PGC-1α), are required for rapid energy production in response to environmental challenges. They have been implicated in the etiology of metabolic disorders such as type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome. ERRα also plays a role in the pathogenesis of breast cancer. Identification of compounds that modulate ERRα signaling may elucidate environmental factors associated with these diseases...
January 1, 2017: SLAS Discovery
T V Azizova, E S Grigoryeva, N Hunter, M V Pikulina, M B Moseeva
AIM: To assess mortality from circulatory diseases (CD) in a cohort of workers exposed occupationally to chronic radiation in relation to external and internal exposure, by taking into account known non-radiation risk factors (RFs), such as smoking (including smoking index), alcohol consumption, hypertension, and body mass index. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Mortality from CD (ICD-10: I00 - I99) was studied in a cohort of 22,377 nuclear power plant («Mayak» Production Association) workers exposed occupationally to chronic radiation...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
Takashi Tanida, Ken Ichi Matsuda, Shunji Yamada, Mitsuhiro Kawata, Masaki Tanaka
Estrogen-related receptor (ERR) is a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily that has strong homology with estrogen receptor (ER) α. Despite the lack of endogenous ligands, ERR serves as transcription factors through their constitutively active structure with or without interaction with ERα. Among the three subtypes of ERR (α, β, and γ), ERRγ is highly expressed in brain, but the distribution of ERRγ is poorly characterized. Therefore, we investigated ERRγ immunoreactivity throughout the rostro-caudal axis in rat brain...
January 21, 2017: Brain Research
Juliana Vilela Bastos, Tarcilia A Silva, Enrico A Colosimo, Maria Ilma S Côrtes, Daniela Augusta B Ferreira, Eugenio Marcos A Goulart, Ricardo S Gomez, Walderez O Dutra
INTRODUCTION: The progressive forms of inflammatory external root resorption (IERR) and replacement external root resorption (RERR) are serious complications and the main causes of tooth loss after replantation. This study aimed to investigate the expression pattern of inflammatory molecules in extracted human teeth presenting with external root resorption (ERR) after replantation. METHODS: Root fragments from 22 teeth showing IERR and 20 teeth with RERR were triturated using a homogenizer to extract inflammatory molecules...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Endodontics
Irina S Kuznetsova, Elena V Labutina, Nezahat Hunter
Incidence of all types of lymphatic and hematopoietic cancers, including Hodgkin's lymphoma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, multiple myeloma, acute and chronic myeloid leukemia (AML and CML respectively), chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and other forms of leukemia have been studied in a cohort of 22,373 workers employed at the Mayak Production Association (PA) main facilities during 536,126 person-years of follow-up from the start of employment between 1948 and 1982 to the end of 2004. Risk assessment was performed for both external gamma-radiation and internal alpha-exposure of red bone marrow due to incorporated Pu-239 using Mayak Workers Dosimetry System 2008 taking into account non-radiation factors...
2016: PloS One
I Zaballa, M Eidemüller
Lung cancer mortality after radon exposure in the Wismut cohort was analyzed using the two-stage clonal expansion (TSCE) model. A total of 2996 lung cancer deaths among the 58,695 male workers were observed during the follow-up period between 1946 and 2003. Adjustment to silica exposure was performed to find a more accurate estimation of the risk of radon exposure. An additional analysis with the descriptive excess relative risk (ERR) model was carried out for comparison. The TSCE model that best describes the data is nonlinear in the clonal expansion with radon exposure and has a saturation level at an exposure rate of [Formula: see text]...
August 2016: Radiation and Environmental Biophysics
Taeyoon Kim, Mi-Bo Kim, Changhee Kim, Hoe-Yune Jung, Jae-Kwan Hwang
In the present study, the effect of standardized Boesenbergia pandurata (Roxb.) Schltr. (fingerroot) ethanol extract on exercise endurance was investigated in L6 rat skeletal muscle cells and C57BL/6J mice. Standardized B. pandurata ethanol extract (BPE) increased mitochondrial mass and stimulated the mRNA expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1 alpha (PGC-1α) in vitro. BPE also elevated the mRNA expression of key factors of mitochondrial biogenesis and function, which are activated by PGC-1α, such as estrogen-related receptor α (ERRα), nuclear respiratory factor 1 (NRF-1), and mitochondrial transcription factor A (Tfam)...
July 2016: Journal of Medicinal Food
Chia-Woei Wang, Cheng-Jeng Tai, Chen-Yen Choong, Yu-Chun Lin, Bao-Hong Lee, Yeu-Ching Shi, Chen-Jei Tai
Chemotherapy, a major approach was used in carcinoma treatment, always involves the development of drug resistance as well as side-effects that affect the quality of patients' lives. An association between epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and chemotherapy resistance was established recently. We demonstrate in this paper that the aqueous extract of Paris polyphylla (AEPP)-a traditional Chinese medicine-can be used in various cancer types for suppression of carcinogenesis. We evaluated the suppressions of EMT and mitochondrial activity by AEPP treatment in a high-glucose (HG) induced-human ovarian carcinoma cell line (OVCAR-3 cells)...
June 3, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Hiroshi Matsushima, Taisuke Mori, Fumitake Ito, Takuro Yamamoto, Makoto Akiyama, Tetsuya Kokabu, Kaori Yoriki, Shiori Umemura, Kyoko Akashi, Jo Kitawaki
Estrogen-related receptor (ERR)α presents structural similarities with estrogen receptor (ER)α. However, it is an orphan receptor not binding to naturally occurring estrogens. This study was designed to investigate the role of ERRα in endometrial cancer progression. Immunohistochemistry analysis on 50 specimens from patients with endometrial cancer showed that ERRα was expressed in all examined tissues and the elevated expression levels of ERRα were associated with advanced clinical stages and serous histological type (p < 0...
June 7, 2016: Oncotarget
Tamara V Azizova, Maria V Bannikova, Evgenia S Grigorieva, Yaroslava P Bagaeva, Elena V Azizova
In this study the incidence risk of lower extremity arterial disease (LEAD; international classification of diseases version 9 code 440.2) was assessed in a cohort of workers occupationally exposed to radiation over a prolonged period. The study cohort includes 22,377 workers of the Mayak Production Association (25% of whom are females) first employed at one of the main facilities in 1948-1982 and followed up to the end of 2008. Dose estimates used in the study are provided by Mayak Worker Dosimetry System 2008...
May 2016: Radiation and Environmental Biophysics
Zhixiang Xu, Jun Liu, Lipeng Gu, Xiaodong Ma, Bin Huang, Xuejun Pan
Oncologists have traditionally considered that tumorigenesis are closely related to classical nuclear estrogen receptors (ERs), such as estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) and estrogen receptor beta (ERβ), through the ligands binding and target gene transcription induction. Estrogen-related receptors (ERRs) have similar structures with ERs, which are also gradually thought to be relevant to reproductive endocrine tumor diseases, even non-reproductive endocrine tumors. In this review, different subtypes of ERRs and their structures firstly will be introduced, then the expression patterns in gynecological oncology (i...
April 2016: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Tamara V Azizova, Evgeniya S Grigoryeva, Richard G E Haylock, Maria V Pikulina, Maria B Moseeva
OBJECTIVE: Incidence and mortality from ischaemic heart disease (IHD) was studied in an extended cohort of 22,377 workers first employed at the Mayak Production Association during 1948-82 and followed up to the end of 2008. METHODS: Relative risks and excess relative risks per unit dose (ERR/Gy) were calculated based on the maximum likelihood using Epicure software (Hirosoft International Corporation, Seattle, WA). Dose estimates used in analyses were provided by an updated "Mayak Worker Dosimetry System-2008"...
October 2015: British Journal of Radiology
T V Azizova, E S Grigorieva, N Hunter, M V Pikulina, M B Moseeva
Mortality from circulatory diseases (CD) (ICD-9 codes 390-459) was studied in an extended Mayak worker cohort, which included 22,377 workers first employed at the Mayak Production Association in 1948-1982 and followed up to the end of 2008. The enlarged cohort and extended follow-up as compared to the previous analyses provided an increased number of deaths from CD and improved statistical power of this mortality study. The analyses were based on dose estimates provided by a new Mayak Worker Dosimetry System 2008 (MWDS-2008)...
September 2015: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
Arash Hamidian, Kristoffer von Stedingk, Matilda Munksgaard Thorén, Sofie Mohlin, Sven Påhlman
Hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) are differentially regulated in tumor cells. While the current paradigm supports post-translational regulation of the HIF-α subunits, we recently showed that hypoxic HIF-2α is also transcriptionally regulated via insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-II in the childhood tumor neuroblastoma. Here, we demonstrate that transcriptional regulation of HIF-2α seems to be restricted to neural cell-derived tumors, while HIF-1α is canonically regulated at the post-translational level uniformly across different tumor forms...
June 5, 2015: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Takashi Tanida, Ken Ichi Matsuda, Shunji Yamada, Takashi Hashimoto, Mitsuhiro Kawata
Estrogen-related receptor (ERR) is a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily that has strong homology with estrogen receptor (ER) α. ERR has three subtypes (α, β, and γ) expressed in estrogen-sensitive organs, including ovary, breast, and brain. No endogenous ligands of ERRs have been identified, but these receptors share a common DNA element with ERα and control estrogen-mediated gene transcription. Recent evidence suggests a role of ERRs in estrogen-related pathophysiology, but the detailed mechanisms of ERR functions in estrogen-related tissues are unclear...
May 8, 2015: Journal of Biological Chemistry
T V Azizova, R G E Haylock, M B Moseeva, M V Bannikova, E S Grigoryeva
Incidence and mortality from cerebrovascular disease (CVD) [International Classification of Diseases 9th revision (ICD-9) codes: 430-438] was studied in a cohort of 22,377 workers first employed at the Mayak Production Association (Mayak PA) in 1948-1982 and followed up to the end of 2008. The cohort size was increased by 19% and follow-up extended by 3 years over the previous analysis. Radiation doses were estimated using an updated dosimetry system: Mayak Worker Dosimetry System 2008 (MWDS-2008). For the first time, in an analysis of this cohort, quantitative smoking data were used...
November 2014: Radiation Research
James W Marsh, John D Harrison, Dominique Laurier, Alan Birchall, Eric Blanchardon, François Paquet, Margot Tirmarche
PURPOSE: Epidemiological studies of the French uranium miners and the plutonium workers at the Mayak nuclear facility have provided excess relative risk (ERR) estimates per unit absorbed lung dose from alpha radiation. The aim of this paper was to review these two studies and to derive values of the relative biological effectiveness (RBE) of alpha particles for the induction of lung cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined and compared the dosimetry assumptions and methodology used in the epidemiological studies of uranium miners and the plutonium workers...
November 2014: International Journal of Radiation Biology
Peng Chen, Haibin Wang, Zhijian Duan, June X Zou, Hongwu Chen, Wei He, Junjian Wang
Osteosarcoma (OS) is a malignant tumor mainly occurring in children and adolescents. Methotrexate (MTX), a chemotherapy agent, is widely used in treating OS. However, treatment failures are common due to acquired chemoresistance, for which the underlying molecular mechanisms are still unclear. In this study, we report that overexpression of estrogen-related receptor alpha (ERR α ), an orphan nuclear receptor, promoted cell survival and blocked MTX-induced cell death in U2OS cells. We showed that MTX induced ROS production in MTX-sensitive U2OS cells while ERR α effectively blocked the ROS production and ROS associated cell apoptosis...
2014: BioMed Research International
Maria B Moseeva, Tamara V Azizova, Evgenia S Grigoryeva, Richard Haylock
The new Mayak Worker Dosimetry System 2008 (MWDS-2008) was published in 2013 and supersedes the Doses-2005 dosimetry system for Mayak Production Association (PA) workers. It provides revised external and internal dose estimates based on the updated occupational history data. Using MWDS-2008, a cohort of 18,856 workers first employed at one of the main Mayak PA plants during 1948-1972 and followed up to 2005 was identified. Incidence and mortality risks from ischemic heart disease (IHD) (International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-9 codes 410-414) and from cerebrovascular diseases (CVD) (ICD-9 codes 430-438) were examined in this cohort and compared with previously published risk estimates in the same cohort based on the Doses-2005 dosimetry system...
May 2014: Radiation and Environmental Biophysics
Marco Cardelli, Ralph A Zirngibl, Jonathan F Boetto, Kristen P McKenzie, Tammy-Claire Troy, Kursad Turksen, Jane E Aubin
While the role of estrogen receptor-related receptor alpha (ERRα) in chondrogenesis has been investigated, the involvement of ERR gamma (ERRγ) has not been determined. To assess the effect of increased ERRγ activity on cartilage development in vivo, we generated two transgenic (Tg) lines overexpressing ERRγ2 via a chondrocyte-specific promoter; the two lines exhibited ∼3 and ∼5 fold increased ERRγ2 protein expression respectively in E14.5 Tg versus wild type (WT) limbs. On postnatal day seven (P7), we observed a 4-10% reduction in the size of the craniofacial, axial and appendicular skeletons in Tg versus WT mice...
2013: PloS One
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