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cyclophosphamide pharmaceutic—tecnology

Francesc Castellet-Rovira, Daniel Lucas, Marta Villagrasa, Sara Rodríguez-Mozaz, Damià Barceló, Montserrat Sarrà
Pharmaceuticals are environmental micropollutants that pose an emerging challenge because they are poorly eliminated in conventional wastewater treatment plants. Over the last decade, many attempts have been made to solve this problem, and wastewater fungal treatment is a promising alternative. In this study, six different ligninolytic fungi (Trametes versicolor, Ganoderma lucidum, Irpex lacteus, Stropharia rugosoannulata, Gymnopilus luteofolius and Agrocybe erebia) were studied as bioremediation candidates for the removal and degradation of six recalcitrant pharmaceutical micropollutants: Carbamazepine (CBZ), Venlafaxine (VFX), Iopromide (IPD), Diclofenac (DCF), Cyclophosphamide (CFD) and Ifosfamide (IFD)...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
Dennis A Eichenauer, Annette Plütschow, Stefanie Kreissl, Martin Sökler, Johannes C Hellmuth, Julia Meissner, Stephan Mathas, Max S Topp, Karolin Behringer, Wolfram Klapper, Georg Kuhnert, Markus Dietlein, Carsten Kobe, Michael Fuchs, Volker Diehl, Andreas Engert, Peter Borchmann
BACKGROUND: A high proportion of patients with relapsed classical Hodgkin's lymphoma achieve a response with the antibody-drug conjugate brentuximab vedotin, and the drug is well tolerated. We modified the escalated BEACOPP regimen (eBEACOPP; bleomycin, etoposide, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, procarbazine, and prednisone) and implemented brentuximab vedotin with the aim to reduce toxic effects while maintaining the protocol's efficacy. METHODS: We did an open-label, multicentre, randomised phase 2 study at 20 study sites in Germany...
November 10, 2017: Lancet Oncology
Min-Song Lin, Rui-Ting Chen, Nan-Yi Yu, Li-Chao Sun, Yuxiu Liu, Cun-Hao Cui, Su-Yuan Xie, Rong-Bin Huang, Lan-Sun Zheng
Fullerenes with novel structures find numerous potential applications, particularly in the fields of biology and pharmaceutics. Among various fullerene derivatives, those exhibiting amphiphilic character and capable of self-assembly into vesicles are particularly interesting, being suitable for delayed drug release. Herein, we report the synthesis and self-assembly of biocompatible hollow nanovesicles with bilayer shells from amphiphilic functionalized fullerenes C60R5Cl (R=methyl ester of 4-aminobutyric/glutamic acid or phenylalanine)...
August 5, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Hong Zhang, Jie Jiang, Na Li, Ming Li, Yingying Wang, Jing He, Hong You
A variant of dielectric-barrier discharge named surface desorption dielectric-barrier discharge ionization (SDDBDI) mass spectrometry was developed for high-efficiency ion transmission and high spatial resolution imaging. In SDDBDI, a tungsten nanotip and the inlet of the mass spectrometer are used as electrodes, and a piece of coverslip is used as a sample plate as well as an insulating dielectric barrier, which simplifies the configuration of instrument and thus the operation. Different from volume dielectric-barrier discharge (VDBD), the microdischarges are generated on the surface at SDDBDI, and therefore the plasma density is extremely high...
June 30, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Benigno C Valdez, Moustapha Hassan, Borje S Andersson
Drug interactions may dictate the failure or success of a treatment. Patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) are exposed to various types of drugs, and understanding how these drugs interact is of the utmost importance. The pharmacokinetics of busulfan, melphalan, and cyclophosphamide, drugs commonly used for HSCT, are known to be affected by a variety of other drugs with differing molecular structures. We hypothesized that these structurally unrelated drugs affect the transport of DNA-alkylating agents...
August 2017: Experimental Hematology
Carolina Di Paolo, Yvonne Müller, Beat Thalmann, Henner Hollert, Thomas-Benjamin Seiler
The binding of the p53 tumor suppression protein to DNA response elements after genotoxic stress can be quantified by cell-based reporter gene assays as a DNA damage endpoint. Currently, bioassay evaluation of environmental samples requires further knowledge on p53 induction by chemical mixtures and on cytotoxicity interference with p53 induction analysis for proper interpretation of results. We investigated the effects of genotoxic pharmaceuticals (actinomycin D, cyclophosphamide) and nitroaromatic compounds (4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide, 3-nitrobenzanthrone) on p53 induction and cell viability using a reporter gene and a colorimetric assay, respectively...
March 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Arin Bhattacharjee, Abhishek Basu, Jaydip Biswas, Tuhinadri Sen, Sudin Bhattacharya
Cyclophosphamide (CP) is one of the widely used anticancer agents; however, it has serious deleterious effects on normal host cells due to its nonspecific action. The essential trace element Selenium (Se) is suggested to have chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic efficacy and currently used in pharmaceutical formulations. Previous report had shown Nano-Se could protect CP-induced hepatotoxicity and genotoxicity in normal Swiss albino mice; however, its role in cancer management is still not clear. The aim of present study is to investigate the chemoprotective efficacy of Nano-Se against CP-induced toxicity as well as its chemoenhancing capability when used along with CP in Swiss albino mice against Ehrlich's ascites carcinoma (EAC) cells...
January 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Roger Kelsey Halbert
Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis is an autoimmune syndrome that presents with personality changes, autonomic dysfunction, and neurologic deterioration. Most patients with this syndrome progress from psychosis to seizure to catatonia, often associated with abnormal movements, autonomic instability, and hypoventilation. First-line treatment constitutes resection of the associated neoplasm, corticosteroids, intravenous immunoglobulin, and plasma exchange. Second-line treatment includes rituximab and cyclophosphamide...
October 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
Shan-Shan Chen, Yan Zhang, Qiu-Li Lu, Zhe Lin, Yuqing Zhao
Although numerous hypotheses have been proposed to prevent chemotherapy-induced alopecia (CIA), effective pharmaceuticals have yet to be developed. In our study, the back hairs of C57BL/6 mice were factitiously removed. These mice were then treated with cedrol or minoxidil daily. Mice with early-stage anagen VI hair follicles were treated with cyclophosphamide (CYP, 125mg/kg) to induce alopecia. The CYP-damaged hair follicles were observed and quantified by using a digital photomicrograph. The results demonstrated that the minoxidil-treated mice suffered from complete alopecia similar to the model 6days after CYP administration...
September 2016: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
Keisuke Kuroda, René Itten, Lubomira Kovalova, Christoph Ort, David G Weissbrodt, Christa S McArdell
A model to predict the mass flows and concentrations of pharmaceuticals predominantly used in hospitals across a large number of sewage treatment plant (STP) effluents and river waters was developed at high spatial resolution. It comprised 427 geo-referenced hospitals and 742 STPs serving 98% of the general population in Switzerland. In the modeled base scenario, domestic, pharmaceutical use was geographically distributed according to the population size served by the respective STPs. Distinct hospital scenarios were set up to evaluate how the predicted results were modified when pharmaceutical use in hospitals was allocated differently; for example, in proportion to number of beds or number of treatments in hospitals...
May 3, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
Hamed Al Qarni, Philip Collier, Juliette O'Keeffe, Joseph Akunna
The concentrations of 12 pharmaceutical compounds (atenolol, erythromycin, cyclophosphamide, paracetamol, bezafibrate, carbamazepine, ciprofloxacin, caffeine, clarithromycin, lidocaine, sulfamethoxazole and N-acetylsulfamethoxazol (NACS)) were investigated in the influents and effluents of two hospital wastewater treatment plants (HWWTPs) in Saudi Arabia. The majority of the target analytes were detected in the influent samples apart from bezafibrate, cyclophosphamide, and erythromycin. Caffeine and paracetamol were detected in the influent at particularly high concentrations up to 75 and 12 ug/L, respectively...
July 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Terry Ng, Sasha Mazzarello, Zhou Wang, Brian Hutton, George Dranitsaris, Lisa Vandermeer, Stephanie Smith, Mark Clemons
Multiple endpoints can be used to evaluate chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV). These endpoints reflect the various combinations of vomiting, nausea and rescue antiemetic use in the acute (0-24 h), delayed (>24-120 h) and overall (0-120 h) periods after chemotherapy. As the choice of outcome measure could potentially change the interpretation of clinical trial results, we evaluated CINV rates using different endpoints on a single dataset from a prospective cohort. Data from 177 breast cancer patients receiving anthracycline and cyclophosphamide-based chemotherapy was used to calculate CINV control rates using the 15 most commonly reported CINV endpoints...
January 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Ademola Adetokunbo Oyagbemi, Temidayo Olutayo Omobowale, Adebowale Bernard Saba, Ebunoluwa Racheal Olowu, Racheal Omolola Dada, Akinleye Stephen Akinrinde
Cyclophosphamide (CPA) is a widely used anticancer chemotherapeutic agent and its toxicity has been associated with its toxic metabolites phosphormide mustard. Therefore, the ameliorative effect of Gallic acid against neurotoxicity was examined in this study. Sixty rats were grouped into 10 rats per group. Group 1 received saline orally. Group 2 received CPA at 100 mg/kg single dose intraperitoneally on day 1. Groups 3 and 4 were treated with Gallic acid (GA) at 60 and 120 mg/kg body weight only for 10 days and also received a single dose of CPA (100 mg/kg) intraperitoneally on day 1, respectively...
2016: Journal of Dietary Supplements
Carlos Alexandre Lutterbeck, Marcelo Luís Wilde, Ewelina Baginska, Christoph Leder, Ênio Leandro Machado, Klaus Kümmerer
The presence of pharmaceuticals in the environment has triggered concern among the general population and received considerable attention from the scientific community in recent years. However, only a few publications have focused on anticancer drugs, a class of pharmaceuticals that can exhibit cytotoxic, genotoxic, mutagenic, carcinogenic and teratogenic effects. The present study investigated the photodegradation, biodegradation, bacterial toxicity, mutagenicity and genotoxicity of cyclophosphamide (CP) and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)...
January 2016: Environmental Pollution
L Soumoy, C Pirlot, C Decoster, P Gillet, J D Hecq
BACKGROUND: "Dose-banding" is a concept of cytotoxic drugs standardization allowing the preparation in advance of standardized rounded doses (SRD covering the most frequently prescribed doses rounded to +/-5%. Standard doses will be prepared in advance by batch in order to increase production capacity and at the same time to regulate pharmacy workflow as well as to reduce patient waiting time. PURPOSE: To identify anticancer drugs suitable for dose banding and to fix standardized doses...
September 2015: Journal de Pharmacie de Belgique
Elias Jabbour, Hagop Kantarjian, Farhad Ravandi, Deborah Thomas, Xuelin Huang, Stefan Faderl, Naveen Pemmaraju, Naval Daver, Guillermo Garcia-Manero, Koji Sasaki, Jorge Cortes, Rebecca Garris, C Cameron Yin, Joseph D Khoury, Jeffrey Jorgensen, Zeev Estrov, Zachary Bohannan, Marina Konopleva, Tapan Kadia, Nitin Jain, Courtney DiNardo, William Wierda, Vicky Jeanis, Susan O'Brien
BACKGROUND: Combination of chemotherapy with a tyrosine-kinase inhibitor is effective in the treatment of Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. Ponatinib is a more potent BCR-ABL1 inhibitor than all other tyrosine-kinase inhibitors and selectively suppresses the resistant T315I clones. We examined the activity and safety of combining chemotherapy with ponatinib for patients with Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukaemia in this continuing phase 2 trial...
November 2015: Lancet Oncology
Philip A Provencher, Jennifer A Love
4-(4-Nitrobenzyl)pyridine (NBP) is a colorimetric indicator compound for many types of carcinogenic alkylating agents. Because of the similar reactivity of NBP and guanine in DNA, NBP serves as a DNA model. NBP assays are used in the toxicological screening of pharmaceutical compounds, detection of chemical warfare agents, environmental hygiene technology, preliminary toxicology tests, mutagenicity of medicinal compounds, and other chemical analyses. Nevertheless, the use of NBP as a DNA model suffers from the compound's low water solubility, its lack of reactive oxygen sites, and dissimilar steric encumbrance compared to DNA...
October 2, 2015: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Massimo Martino, Anna Grazia Recchia, Tiziana Moscato, Roberta Fedele, Santo Neri, Massimo Gentile, Caterina Alati, Iolanda Donatella Vincelli, Eugenio Piro, Giuseppa Penna, Caterina Musolino, Francesca Ronco, Stefano Molica, Fortunato Morabito
BACKGROUND AIMS: Filgrastim and lenograstim are the standard granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) agents for peripheral blood stem cell mobilization (PBSC) in patients who undergo autologous stem cell transplantation. METHODS: To assess whether biosimilars are effective, we conducted a single-center, prospective study that included 40 consecutive de novo multiple myeloma patients who received cyclophosphamide 4 g/m(2) per day plus biosimilar filgrastim G-CSF to mobilize PBSC...
October 2015: Cytotherapy
Takashi Azuma, Hirotaka Ishiuchi, Tomomi Inoyama, Yusuke Teranishi, Misato Yamaoka, Takaji Sato, Yoshiki Mino
Pollution status of six anticancer agents in the river water and effluents of sewage treatment plants (STPs) in Japan was surveyed with comparative analysis of the levels of four microbial and one psychotropic pharmaceuticals widely used for therapeutic medication. The area of survey is located in the Kanzaki-Ai River basin which is a major subcatchment of the Yodo River basin and is centered on a highly populated area that includes the middle and downstream reaches of the Yodo River. Selected cancer agents were bicalutamide, capecitabine, cyclophosphamide, doxifluridine, tamoxifen, and tegafur...
December 2015: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Sonya Kleywegt, Vince Pileggi, Yuet Ming Lam, Alan Elises, Aaron Puddicomb, Gurminder Purba, Joanne Di Caro, Tim Fletcher
Concentrations and percent loadings of pharmaceutically active compounds (PhACs) and other emerging contaminants released from healthcare facilities (2 hospitals and a long-term care facility) to a sewage treatment plant (STP) in a large urban sewershed were evaluated. An additional hospital outside the sewershed was also monitored. Fourteen of the 24 steroids/hormones and 88 of the 117 PhACs and emerging contaminants were detected at least once. Commonly used substances, including cotinine, caffeine and its metabolite 1,7-dimethylxanthine, ibuprofen and naproxen (analgesics), venlafaxine (antidepressant), and N,N-diethyl-meta-toluamide (insect repellant), were detected in all samples at all sites...
April 2016: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
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