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Burst fracture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216750/early-results-of-thoraco-lumbar-burst-fracture-treatment-using-selective-corpectomy-and-rectangular-cage-reconstruction
#1
Bowei Liang, Guofeng Huang, Luobing Ding, Liangqi Kang, Mo Sha, Zhenqi Ding
BACKGROUND: Subsidence and late fusion are commonly observed in anterior subtotal corpectomy and reconstruction for treating thoracolumbar burst fractures. The subsidence rate of this surgical method was reported from 19.6% to 75% in the literatures, which would cause treatment failure. Thus, an improvement of anterior surgery technique should be studied to reduce these complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 130 patients of thoracolumbar burst fractures treated by minimal corpectomy, decompression and U cage, between January 2009 and December 2010 were included in this study...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211679/site-directed-immobilization-of-bmp-2-two-approaches-for-the-production-of-innovative-osteoinductive-scaffolds
#2
Barbara Tabisz, Werner Schmitz, Michael Schmitz, Tessa Luehmann, Eva Heusler, Jens-Christoph Rybak, Lorenz Meinel, Juliane E Fiebig, Thomas D Mueller, Joachim Nickel
The regenerative potential of bone is strongly impaired in pathological conditions, such as nonunion fractures. To support bone regeneration various scaffolds have been developed in the past, which have been functionalized with osteogenic growth factors such as bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs). However, most of them required supra-physiological levels of these proteins leading to burst releases, thereby causing severe side effects. Site-specific, covalent coupling of BMP2 to implant materials might be an optimal strategy in order to overcome these problems...
February 17, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178133/does-the-fracture-fragment-at-the-anterior-column-in-thoracolumbar-burst-fractures-get-enough-attention
#3
Luo Deqing, Lian Kejian, Li Teng, Zou Weitao, Lin Dasheng
Prospective cohort study. To evaluate whether failure of the fracture fragment at the anterior column reduction in thoracolumbar fracture has an influence on the final radiologic and clinical outcomes.Cervical teardrop fracture has caused wide concern in spinal surgery field. Although similar fracture fragment at the anterior column was also observed in thoracolumbar burst fractures, the conception of teardrop fracture in thoracolumbar fractures was rarely mentioned in the literature, let alone a study.Fifty patients who suffered from thoracolumbar burst fractures with a fracture fragment at the anterior column were prospectively analyzed...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164114/impact-of-sagittal-balance-on-clinical-outcomes-in-surgically-treated-t12-and-l1-burst-fractures-analysis-of-long-term-outcomes-after-posterior-only-and-combined-posteroanterior-treatment
#4
M Mayer, R Ortmaier, H Koller, J Koller, W Hitzl, A Auffarth, H Resch, A von Keudell
Objective. Long-term radiological and clinical outcome retrospective study of surgical treatment for T12 and L1 burst fractures in perspective of sagittal balance measures. Methods. Patients with age of 16-60 years, complete radiographs, early surgical treatment surgery, and follow-up (F/U) > 18 months were included and strict exclusion criteria applied. Regional and thoracolumbar kyphosis angles (RKA and TLA) were measured preoperatively and at final F/U, as were parameters of the spinopelvic sagittal alignment...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163505/the-association-between-sagittal-index-canal-compromise-loss-of-vertebral-body-height-and-severity-of-spinal-cord-injury-in-thoracolumbar-burst-fractures
#5
Mehmet Onur Yüksel, Mehmet Sabri Gürbüz, Şevki Gök, Numan Karaarslan, Merih İş, Mehmet Zafer Berkman
AIM: Our aim was to determine whether a combination of sagittal index (SI), canal compromise (CC), and loss of vertebral body height (LVBH) is associated with the severity of neurological injury in patients with thoracolumbar burst fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-four patients with thoracolumbar burst fracture undergoing instrumentation between 2010 and 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. The degree of neurological injury was determined using the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) scoring system...
December 2016: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138771/l5-corpectomy-the-lumbosacral-segmental-geometry-and-clinical-outcome-a-consecutive-series-of-14-patients-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Martin Vazan, Yu-Mi Ryang, Julia Gerhardt, Felix Zibold, Insa Janssen, Florian Ringel, Jens Gempt, Bernhard Meyer
PURPOSE: We analyzed the lumbosacral segmental geometry and clinical outcome in patients undergoing L5 corpectomy. METHODS: Fourteen consecutive patients who underwent L5 (n = 12) or L4 + 5 (n = 2) corpectomy at our department between January 2010 and April 2015 were included. All patients underwent a baseline physical and neurologic examination on admission. The diagnostic routine included MRI and CT scans and, if possible, an upright X-ray of the lumbar spine before and after surgery...
January 31, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120091/emg-guided-percutaneous-placement-of-cement-augmented-pedicle-screws-for-osteoporotic-thoracolumbar-burst-fractures
#7
Domenico Gerardo Iacopino, Francesco Certo, Francesca Graziano, Luigi Basile, Carlo Gulì, Massimiliano Visocchi, Alfredo Conti, Rosario Maugeri
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous techniques have increasingly gained popularity in recent years. The application of technological innovation, including neuromonitoring techniques, has the potential to increase the safety and efficacy of these procedures. METHODS: Thirty patients suffering from osteoporotic dorsolumbar burst fracture were prospectively enrolled in this study. The patients underwent percutaneous fenestrated pedicle screw fixation augmented with polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) injection...
2017: Acta Neurochirurgica. Supplement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116138/dural-penetration-caused-by-a-vertebral-bone-fragment-in-a-lumbar-burst-fracture-a-case-report
#8
Chikara Ushiku, Kota Suda, Satoko Matsumoto, Miki Komatsu, Masahiko Takahata, Norimasa Iwasaki, Akio Minami
INTRODUCTION: This case report describes an unusual case of lumbar burst fracture in which a bone fragment from the vertebral body penetrated into the dorsal dura through the ventral dura mater, requiring bone fragment extraction via an intradural approach. CASE PRESENTATION: A 23-year-old male involved in a motor vehicle accident was admitted to our hospital complaining of right leg paresis and bladder-bowel disorder. Computed tomography (CT) revealed an L5 burst fracture of type B by the Denis classification scheme, with a bone fragment from the vertebral body that had perforated the ventral aspect of the dura mater and penetrated dorsally...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113131/effect-of-root-morphology-on-the-susceptibility-of-endodontically-treated-teeth-to-vertical-root-fracture-an-ex-vivo-model
#9
Raphael Pilo, Zvi Metzger, Tamar Brosh
Vertical root fracture (VRF) of endodontically treated teeth is relatively common, and the involved teeth have a poor prognosis. Previous destructive methodologies applied force to the root in an uneven manner; thus, the associated experiments could not truly assess the mechanical behavior of VRF. This problem was resolved in the current study via the novel application of a bursting pressure methodology to endodontically treated maxillary central incisors and premolars. Hydrostatic pressure was applied inside the root canal through a cannula bonded to the coronal access cavity, and the apical foramen was sealed...
January 12, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101655/percutaneous-vertebral-augmentation-in-fragility-fractures-indications-and-limitations
#10
O Gonschorek, S Hauck, T Weiß, V Bühren
INTRODUCTION: There is still no general consensus about the management of osteoporotic vertebral fractures. Recommendations depend on type of fracture, grade of instability, bone quality, and general conditions of the patient. Spontaneous fractures may be considered to be treated different compared to cases with high-velocity trauma. METHODS: According to the DVO, patients without trauma should first be treated conservatively. However, there is no more strict time protocol of 3 or 6 week conservative treatment before operations may be indicated...
January 18, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093624/osteoporotic-vertebral-body-fractures-of-the-thoracolumbar-spine-indications-and-techniques-of-a-360%C3%A2-stabilization
#11
Ulrich Spiegl, J-S Jarvers, C-E Heyde, C Josten
Unstable vertebral body fragility fractures of the thoracolumbar spine can occur with or without relevant trauma. Initially, a standardized diagnostic algorithm including magnetic resonance tomography is recommended to detect accompanied further vertebral body fractures, to interpret the individual fracture stability, and to screen for relevant traumatic intervertebral disc lesions. Aim of the therapy is to assure fast mobilization and to maintain spinal alignment. Unstable fracture morphology is defined by vertebral body fractures including a relevant defect of the posterior vertebral cortex as well as type B or C fractures...
January 16, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090452/classifying-thoracolumbar-fractures-role-of-quantitative-imaging
#12
REVIEW
Fernando Ruiz Santiago, Pablo Tomás Muñoz, Elena Moya Sánchez, Marta Revelles Paniza, Alberto Martínez Martínez, Antonio Luis Pérez Abela
This article describes different types of vertebral fractures that affect the thoracolumbar spine and the most relevant contributions of the different classification systems to vertebral fracture management. The vertebral fractures types are based on the three columns model of Denis that includes compression, burst, flexion-distraction and fracture-dislocation types. The most recent classifications systems of these types of fractures are reviewed, including the Thoracolumbar Injury Classification and Severity score (TLICS) and the Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosynthesefragen Spine Thoracolumbar Injury Classification and Severity score (AOSpine-TLICS)...
December 2016: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089837/direct-midline-posterior-corpectomy-and-fusion-of-a-lumbar-burst-fracture-with-retrospondyloptosis-a-case-report
#13
Arthur Carminucci, Rachid Assina, R Nick Hernandez, Ira M Goldstein
BACKGROUND: Traumatic burst fractures of the lumbar spine can result in significant neurological injury and mechanical instability. The ideal surgical approach for the treatment of unstable lumbar spine burst fractures remains debatable. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 37 year-old male presented with severe neurological injury including loss of motor function below the level of the iliopsoas muscles bilaterally, saddle anesthesia, and absent rectal tone, following a fall from 60 ft...
January 9, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050455/outcomes-of-short-segment-posterior-instrumentation-in-unstable-thoracolumbar-fractures
#14
Sharvil H Gajjar, Hari J Menon, Nitin Chaudhari, Vipul Chaudhari
INTRODUCTION: The spinal traumas are common and leading problem in orthopaedics practice. The individuals are at a risk of high energy trauma in modern era. Unstable thoracolumbar burst fractures are serious injuries of concern, if left untreated may result in marked morbidity and disability to the patient. Thoracolumbar is the second most common segment involved in the spinal cord following spinal injuries followed by cervical segment. The goal of treatment of any spinal injury is restoration of the patient to maximum possible function with disability free life...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043420/two-additional-augmenting-screws-with-posterior-short-segment-instrumentation-without-fusion-for-unstable-thoracolumbar-burst-fracture-comparisons-with-transpedicular-grafting-techniques
#15
Yu-Chih Lin, Kuo-Fon Fan, Jen-Chung Liao
BACKGROUND: Transpedicular grafting techniques with posterior short-segment instrumentation have demonstrated to prevent high implant failure in unstable thoracolumbar burst fractures. We tested our hypothesis that short-segment instrumentation with two additional augmenting screws in the injured vertebra could provide stability and was similar to those of the transpedicular grafting technique. METHODS: Twenty patients belonged to group A; treated with short-segment pedicle screw fixation and reinforced by two augmenting screws at the fractured vertebra...
December 2016: Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027506/posterior-short-segment-fixation-in-thoracolumbar-unstable-burst-fractures-transpedicular-grafting-or-six-screw-construct
#16
Jen-Chung Liao, Kuo-Fon Fan
OBJECTIVES: Early implant failure and donor-site complication remain a concern in patients with thoracolumbar burst fracture underwent one-above and-below short-segment posterior pedicle screw fixation with fusion. Our aim was to evaluate the results of short-segment pedicle instrumentation enforced by two augmenting screws or injectable artificial bone cement in the fractured vertebra, and compare the differences between these two PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective clinical and radiographic study...
February 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027145/chance-fractures-in-the-pediatric-population-are-often-misdiagnosed
#17
Lindsay M Andras, Kira F Skaggs, Haleh Badkoobehi, Paul D Choi, David L Skaggs
BACKGROUND: Flexion injuries of the spine range from mild compression fractures to severe flexion-distraction injuries, that is, Chance fractures. Chance fractures are often unstable and Arkader and colleagues demonstrated improved outcomes when Chance fractures are treated operatively compared with those managed nonoperatively. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of all patients treated over a 5-year period (2008 to 2013) for a flexion injury, either a Chance or a compression fracture, of the thoracolumbar spine at our tertiary pediatric level I trauma center...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943230/is-thoracolumbar-injury-classification-and-severity-score-tlics-superior-to-ao-thoracolumbar-injury-classification-system-for-guiding-the-surgical-management-of-unstable-thoracolumbar-burst-fractures-without-neurologic-deficit
#18
Mehmet Onur Yüksel, Mehmet Sabri Gürbüz, Merih Iş, Hakan Somay
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine whether Thoracolumbar Injury Classification and Severity Score (TLICS) and AOSpine Thoracolumbar Injury Classification System have any superiority to each other regarding the reliability of their recommendations in the surgical management of unstable thoracolumbar burst fractures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty-five consecutive patients with thoracolumbar burst fractures undergoing instrumentation between 2010 and 2015 were analyzed retrospectively...
November 18, 2016: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886875/the-role-of-a-miniopen-thoracoscopic-assisted-approach-in-the-management-of-burst-fractures-involving-the-thoracolumbar-junction
#19
REVIEW
Ricky Raj S Kalra, Meic H Schmidt
Thoracoscopic spinal surgery is a minimally invasive open endoscopic approach to the anterior thoracolumbar spine for decompression and stabilization. It offers an alternative to open thoracotomy for thoracolumbar burst fractures, anterior spinal cord decompression, and spinal reconstruction with interbody and anterolateral plate instrumentation for restoration of biomechanical stability and alignment. Posterior instrumentation may not sufficiently stabilize a significantly disrupted anterior load-bearing spinal column, and the high access morbidity of open procedures is of significant concern...
January 2017: Neurosurgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879575/cost-utility-analysis-of-pedicle-screw-removal-after-successful-posterior-instrumented-fusion-in-thoracolumbar-burst-fractures
#20
Han-Dong Lee, Chang-Hoon Jeon, Nam-Su Chung, Young-Wook Seo
STUDY DESIGN: Cost-utility analysis (CUA). OBJECTIVE: Determine the cost-effectiveness of pedicle screw removal after posterior fusion in thoracolumbar burst fractures. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Pedicle screw instrumentation is a standard fixation method for unstable thoracolumbar burst fracture. However, removal of the pedicle screw after successful fusion remains controversial because the clinical benefits remain unclear. CUA can help clinicians make appropriate decisions about optimal healthcare for pedicle screw removal after successful fusion in thoracolumbar burst fractures...
November 22, 2016: Spine
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