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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097993/exploring-how-mindfulness-and-self-compassion-can-enhance-compassionate-care
#1
Caroline Barratt
Research suggests that the development of mindfulness and self-compassion may help to improve the well-being and resilience of professionals and students in the healthcare setting. This is reflected in the growth of mindfulness training for these individuals. Mindfulness is an important aspect of self-compassion, and healthcare professionals should be aware of the need to care for themselves when caring for others. This article explores the concepts of mindfulness and self-compassion and their relationship with, and ability to enhance, compassionate care...
January 18, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095824/community-based-health-care-is-an-essential-component-of-a-resilient-health-system-evidence-from-ebola-outbreak-in-liberia
#2
Kendra Siekmans, Salim Sohani, Tamba Boima, Florence Koffa, Luay Basil, Saïd Laaziz
BACKGROUND: Trained community health workers (CHW) enhance access to essential primary health care services in contexts where the health system lacks capacity to adequately deliver them. In Liberia, the Ebola outbreak further disrupted health system function. The objective of this study is to examine the value of a community-based health system in ensuring continued treatment of child illnesses during the outbreak and the role that CHWs had in Ebola prevention activities. METHODS: A descriptive observational study design used mixed methods to collect data from CHWs (structured survey, n = 60; focus group discussions, n = 16), government health facility workers and project staff...
January 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088925/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-kundalini-yoga-in-mild-cognitive-impairment
#3
Harris A Eyre, Prabha Siddarth, Bianca Acevedo, Kathleen Van Dyk, Pattharee Paholpak, Linda Ercoli, Natalie St Cyr, Hongyu Yang, Dharma S Khalsa, Helen Lavretsky
BACKGROUND: Global population aging will result in increasing rates of cognitive decline and dementia. Thus, effective, low-cost, and low side-effect interventions for the treatment and prevention of cognitive decline are urgently needed. Our study is the first to investigate the effects of Kundalini yoga (KY) training on mild cognitive impairment (MCI). METHODS: Older participants (≥55 years of age) with MCI were randomized to either a 12-week KY intervention or memory enhancement training (MET; gold-standard, active control)...
January 16, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080970/differentiating-attention-styles-and-regulatory-aspects-of-self-reported-interoceptive-sensibility
#4
REVIEW
Wolf Mehling
Based on prior research, multiple discriminable dimensions of interoception have been defined: awareness, accuracy and sensibility. Some investigators defined interoceptive awareness as metacognitive awareness of interoceptive accuracy, assessed as correspondence between subjective confidence in and objective accuracy of one's heartbeat detection. However, metacognitive awareness has been understood quite differently: 'a cognitive set in which negative thoughts/feelings are experienced as mental events, rather than as the self' or as 'error awareness'...
November 19, 2016: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062351/training-the-workforce-description-of-a-longitudinal-interdisciplinary-education-and-mentoring-program-in-palliative-care
#5
Stacie Levine, Sean O'Mahony, Aliza Baron, Aziz Ansari, Catherine Deamant, Joel Frader, Ileana Leyva, Michael Marschke, Michael Preodor
CONTEXT: The rapid increase in demand for palliative care (PC) services has led to concerns regarding workforce shortages and threats to the resiliency of PC teams. OBJECTIVES: To describe the development, implementation, and evaluation of a regional interdisciplinary training program in PC. METHODS: Thirty nurse and physician "fellows" representing 22 health systems across the Chicago region participated in a two-year PC training program...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048170/mo-g-201-03-deep-learning-based-prediction-of-achievable-dose-for-personalizing-inverse-treatment-planning
#6
M Mardani Korani, P Dong, L Xing
PURPOSE: Inverse planning starts with prescribed dose or DVHs. The time/effort spent on obtaining a clinically acceptable plan and, more importantly, the quality of the resultant treatment plan depends critically on the prescription. The present work aims to facilitate the treatment planning workflow by predicting the achievable dose distribution based on a dataset of quality plans designed for past patients. METHODS: A novel learning-empowered approach is developed that predicts achievable 3D dose volume for a new patient based on the geometrical features of the contoured anatomical-scan...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042495/cortisol-reactions-during-family-conflict-discussions-influences-of-wives-and-husbands-exposure-to-family-of-origin-aggression
#7
Reout Arbel, Aubrey J Rodriguez, Gayla Margolin
OBJECTIVE: Though family-of-origin aggression (FOA) is a known risk for later emotional and physical problems in adulthood, little is known about how early exposure to aggression influences physiological reactivity in the domain-specific context of family conflict experienced as an adult. This study investigates whether report of FOA influences spouses' hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis responses during conflict discussions with their family-of-procreation and also whether current hostilities, observed during a family discussion, moderate those responses...
October 2016: Psychology of Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031039/attention-training-for-infants-at-familial-risk-of-adhd-interstaars-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Amy Goodwin, Simona Salomone, Patrick Bolton, Tony Charman, Emily J H Jones, Andrew Pickles, Emily Robinson, Tim Smith, Edmund J S Sonuga-Barke, Sam Wass, Mark H Johnson
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a prevalent neurodevelopmental disorder that can negatively impact on an individual's quality of life. It is pathophysiologically complex and heterogeneous with different neuropsychological processes being impaired in different individuals. Executive function deficits, including those affecting attention, working memory and inhibitory control, are common. Cognitive training has been promoted as a treatment option, based on the notion that by strengthening the neurocognitive networks underlying these executive processes, ADHD symptoms will also be reduced...
December 28, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029374/selection-bias-examining-the-feasibility-utility-and-participant-receptivity-to-incorporating-simulation-into-the-general-surgery-residency-selection-process
#9
Aimee K Gardner, Christopher P Steffes, Dmitry Nepomnayshy, Cate Nicholas, Warren D Widmann, Shimae C Fitzgibbons, Brian J Dunkin, Daniel B Jones, John T Paige
BACKGROUND: Opportunities exist to revise the current residency selection process to capture desirable candidate competencies. We examined the extent to which components of the American College of Surgeons/Association for Surgical Education simulation-based medical student curriculum combined with a teamwork activity could be used as potential screening method. METHODS: Students participated in a workshop consisting of training/evaluation of knot tying, suturing, airway management, gowning/gloving, and teamwork...
September 30, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999577/latin-america-a-development-pole-for-phenomics
#10
Anyela V Camargo, Gustavo A Lobos
Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) has long been associated with the production and export of a diverse range of agricultural commodities. Due to its strategic geographic location, which encompasses a wide range of climates, it is possible to produce almost any crop. The climate diversity in LAC is a major factor in its agricultural potential but this also means climate change represents a real threat to the region. Therefore, LAC farming must prepare and quickly adapt to an environment that is likely to feature long periods of drought, excessive rainfall and extreme temperatures...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957671/medical-student-resilience-strategies-a%C3%A2-content-analysis-of-medical-students-portfolios
#11
Richard A Prayson, S Beth Bierer, Elaine F Dannefer
INTRODUCTION: Stress and burnout among medical students is a well-recognized concern. A student's ability to employ resilience strategies to self-regulate behaviour is critical to the student's future career as a physician. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed a sampling of year 1, 2 and 5 portfolio essays focused on the Personal Development competency and performance milestones, written by 49 students from three different classes in a 5-year programme devoted to training physician investigators...
December 12, 2016: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941089/evaluation-of-stress-experienced-by-emergency-telecommunications-personnel-employed-in-a-large-metropolitan-police-department
#12
Sandra L Ramey, Yelena Perkhounkova, Maria Hein, Sophia J Chung, Amanda A Anderson
Emergency telecommunications personnel (ETCP) form the hub of police agencies and persistently deal with distressing situations on a daily basis, making them highly susceptible to psychological and physiological ailments. To date, few studies have examined the necessity or feasibility of implementing a resilience training intervention for ETCP. In this study, the authors assessed baseline psychological data from the ETCP of a large police department to determine the differences in baseline measures for ETCP and police officers...
December 9, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935146/resilience-of-cyber-systems-with-over-and-underregulation
#13
Viktoria Gisladottir, Alexander A Ganin, Jeffrey M Keisler, Jeremy Kepner, Igor Linkov
Recent cyber attacks provide evidence of increased threats to our critical systems and infrastructure. A common reaction to a new threat is to harden the system by adding new rules and regulations. As federal and state governments request new procedures to follow, each of their organizations implements their own cyber defense strategies. This unintentionally increases time and effort that employees spend on training and policy implementation and decreases the time and latitude to perform critical job functions, thus raising overall levels of stress...
December 9, 2016: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932718/resilience-training-does-it-work
#14
(no author information available yet)
With concern about mental health and wellbeing issues among veterinary students being much to the fore, what can be done to help build resilience? And could there be a risk of over-reacting? These issues were discussed in a debate at the BVA Congress at the London Vet Show. Georgina Mills reports.
December 10, 2016: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923256/-fostering-resilience-while-waiting-for-psychotherapy-evaluation-of-a-group-intervention-in-an-outpatient-care-setting
#15
Philipp Victor, Tobias Teismann, Ulrike Willutzki
Background: High untreated prevalence of mental disorders and long waiting lists for psychotherapy at the same time call for innovative intervention concepts. The positive brief intervention "Personal Model of Resilience" 1 is offered as group training and evaluated for the first time in a naturalistic clinical setting. Method: In a pre-post-design data from 84 wait-list patients are analysed via intention-to-treat (n=84) and completer analysis at 6-week-follow-up (n=54). Results: Repeated measures ANOVAs demonstrate significant improvements in psychopathology, incongruence and self-esteem...
December 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921306/applying-a-family-resilience-framework-in-training-practice-and-research-mastering-the-art-of-the-possible
#16
Froma Walsh
With growing interest in systemic views of human resilience, this article updates and clarifies our understanding of the concept of resilience as involving multilevel dynamic processes over time. Family resilience refers to the functioning of the family system in dealing with adversity: Assessment and intervention focus on the family impact of stressful life challenges and the family processes that foster positive adaptation for the family unit and all members. The application of a family resilience framework is discussed and illustrated in clinical and community-based training and practice...
December 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904634/an-attempt-for-empowering-education-a-qualitative-study-of-in-service-training-of-nursing-personnel
#17
Mahmood Chaghari, Abbas Ebadi, Ahmad Ameryoun, Mohsen Safari
BACKGROUND: In-service training of nursing personnel has a significant role in increasing the empowerment of nurses and promotion of the quality of health services. The objective of this study is to identify and explain the process of in-service training of nursing personnel in the hospitals affiliated with Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences in Tehran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study employed a qualitative approach using Corbin and Strauss method (2008) in 2015, and examined the viewpoints and experiences of 35 nurses, nurse managers, and educational managers with the in-service education of nursing staffs...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895879/evaluation-of-stress-scores-throughout-radiological-biopsies
#18
Ozlem Turkoglu, Hasan Huseyin Mutlu
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound-guided biopsy procedures are the most prominent methods that increase the trauma, stress and anxiety experienced by the patients. OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to examine the level of stress in patients waiting for radiologic biopsy procedures and determine the stress and anxiety level arising from waiting for a biopsy procedure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective study included 35 female and 65 male patients who were admitted to the interventional radiology department of Kartal Dr...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889584/stress-resilience-and-psychological-well-being-in-chinese-undergraduate-nursing-students
#19
Graeme D Smith, Fang Yang
BACKGROUND: Globally, stress is a well-recognized feature of the life of undergraduate nursing students. However, there currently is little evidence to suggest what role resilience plays in this issue. OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between stress and resilience on psychological well-being in a cohort of Chinese undergraduate student nurses. DESIGN/PARTICIPANTS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using multivariate logistic regression and descriptive statistical analysis in three Chinese nursing schools...
February 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875605/sustaining-family-physicians-in-urban-underserved-settings
#20
Anne Getzin, Bonnie L Bobot, Deborah Simpson
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to identify factors that sustain family physicians practicing in Milwaukee's underserved urban areas. METHODS: Family physicians with clinical careers in Milwaukee's urban, underserved communities were identified and invited to participate in a 45-60 minute interview using a literature-based semi-structured protocol. Each interview was transcribed and de-identified prior to independent analysis using a grounded theory qualitative approach by two authors to yield sustaining themes...
November 2016: Family Medicine
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