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Resiliency training

Rui Zhang, Quanyan Zhu
Distributed support vector machines (DSVMs) have been developed to solve large-scale classification problems in networked systems with a large number of sensors and control units. However, the systems become more vulnerable, as detection and defense are increasingly difficult and expensive. This paper aims to develop secure and resilient DSVM algorithms under adversarial environments in which an attacker can manipulate the training data to achieve his objective. We establish a game-theoretic framework to capture the conflicting interests between an adversary and a set of distributed data processing units...
March 6, 2018: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
Sankha Subhra Mullick, Shounak Datta, Swagatam Das
The classification accuracy of a k-nearest neighbor (kNN) classifier is largely dependent on the choice of the number of nearest neighbors denoted by k. However, given a data set, it is a tedious task to optimize the performance of kNN by tuning k. Moreover, the performance of kNN degrades in the presence of class imbalance, a situation characterized by disparate representation from different classes. We aim to address both the issues in this paper and propose a variant of kNN called the Adaptive kNN (Ada-kNN)...
March 27, 2018: IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems
Mª Isabel Ríos-Risquez, Mariano García-Izquierdo, Sabuco-Tebar Emiliana de Los Ángeles, Carrillo-Garcia César, Carmen Solano-Ruiz
AIMS: the aim of this study was to explore the longitudinal associations between academic burnout and resilience and psychological well-being, as well as the stability of these variables in a sample of university nursing students. BACKGROUND: nursing students frequently suffer academic burnout, which is brought on by different situations experienced during the training process and that can concern his psychological well-being. Resilience is a personal resource that allows adverse situations to be handled in a successful way...
July 10, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Angela Senders, Douglas Hanes, Dennis Bourdette, Kimberly Carson, Lynn M Marshall, Lynne Shinto
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness training is often used as a therapeutic intervention to manage stress and enhance emotional well-being, yet trials for multiple sclerosis (MS) are limited and few have used an active control. OBJECTIVE: Assess the feasibility of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) for people with MS and evaluate the efficacy of MBSR compared to an education control. METHODS: We conducted a single-blind, randomized trial of MBSR versus education control among 62 adults with MS...
July 1, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
Barnett S Frank, Anthony C Hackney, Claudio L Battaglini, Troy Blackburn, Stephen W Marshall, Micheal Clark, Darin A Padua
OBJECTIVES: Determine the influence of movement profile on systemic stress and mechanical loading before and after high training load exposure. DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort study. METHODS: 43 physically active, college-aged field or court sport female athletes participated in this study. Participants were assigned to a "excellent" (n=22; age=20.5±1.9yrs, height=1.67±0.67m, mass=64.5±7.8kg) or "poor" (n=21; age=20.4±1...
May 25, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Mélissa Généreux, Geneviève Petit, Mathieu Roy, Danielle Maltais, Tracey O'Sullivan
SETTING: On July 6, 2013, a train carrying oil derailed in downtown Lac-Mégantic (Quebec, Canada), causing major human, environmental, and economic impacts. We aim to describe, and learn from, public health strategies developed to enhance community resilience following the train derailment though the lens of the EnRiCH Community Resilience Framework for High-Risk Populations. INTERVENTION: Annual population-level surveys were conducted in Lac-Mégantic and surrounding areas to assess the long-term impacts of the disaster...
April 2018: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
Raffaele Giusti, Lucilla Verna, Giampiero Porzio
The earthquake that shook Central Italy during 2016 and 2017 confirmed once again the country's vulnerability. These catastrophic events have serious consequences both on the lives of cancer patients and on the organization of healthcare assistance. After the earthquake that devastated the city of L'Aquila in 2009, the nearby hospitals were declared unfit, thus, patients were deprived of their natural reference center. We think that it's time to act and open a discussion having in mind that each event has its own specific set of critical characteristics: standardized protocols to be activated in all situations could become inapplicable in some specific circumstances...
June 2018: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
Alon Alkoby, Ruthie Pliskin, Eran Halperin, Nava Levit-Binnun
Individuals encounter a variety of emotional challenges daily, with optimal emotion modulation requiring adaptive choice among available means of regulation. However, individuals differ in the ability to flexibly and adaptively move between engaging and disengaging emotion regulation (ER) strategies as per contextual demands, referred to as regulatory choice flexibility. Greater regulatory choice flexibility is associated with greater mental health, well-being and resilience, warranting the development of interventions to increase such flexibility...
June 28, 2018: Emotion
Cristina Alves
Scientific education and a clinical background allow orthopaedic surgeons to perform leading research. Several resources, skills and techniques may be developed to maximize their research potential.Surgeon-researchers should develop Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic, and Time-defined (SMART) goals. It is critical to define a timeline - which can be 1 year, 3 years, 5 years - to re-evaluate goals and to plan and identify potential obstacles.Physician-scientists are a product of training, funding, resources, practice setting, context, environment, and infrastructure...
May 2018: EFORT open reviews
Jessica Dawson, Robert Thomson
One of the challenges in writing an article reviewing the current state of cyber education and workforce development is that there is a paucity of quantitative assessment regarding the cognitive aptitudes, work roles, or team organization required by cybersecurity professionals to be successful. In this review, we argue that the people who operate within the cyber domain need a combination of technical skills, domain specific knowledge, and social intelligence to be successful. They, like the networks they operate, must also be reliable, trustworthy, and resilient...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Alana M Ewen, Paula M Gardiner, Sandra Palma, Kathryn Whitley, Jeffrey I Schneider
INTRODUCTION: Burnout and stress in medical settings have been associated with despondent staff and decreased productivity. Although Program Coordinators (PCs) play an integral role in residency training programs, there exist few, if any, interventions aimed at addressing their burnout. METHODS: A longitudinal study design was used to evaluate data from residency/fellowship training PCs who participated in a wellness retreat held at a single institution in August 2016...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
M Kent, S Scott, S Lambert, E Kirk, B Terhune-Cotter, B Thompson, S Neal, B Dozier, M Bardi, K Lambert
Prior research with a rat model of behavioral therapy [i.e., effort-based reward (EBR) contingency training] suggests that strengthened associations between physical effort and desired outcomes enhance neurobiological indices of resilience. In the current study, male and female Long-Evans rats were exposed to either six weeks of EBR training or noncontingent training prior to 10 days of exposure to chronic unpredictable stress (CUS). Subsequently, all animals were exposed to a problem-solving task and then trained in a spatial learning/foraging task, the dry land maze (DLM)...
June 18, 2018: Neuroscience
Tooba Noor Mollah, Josefine Antoniades, Fathima Ijaza Lafeer, Bianca Brijnath
BACKGROUND: Despite continued policy and research emphasis to deliver culturally competent mental healthcare, there is: (1) limited evidence about what frontline practitioners consider to be culturally competent care and; (2) what helps or hinders them in delivering such care in their everyday practice. The aims of this article are to address these gaps. METHODS: Qualitative in-depth interviews were conducted with 20 mental health practitioners working with immigrant patients to explore their understandings and experiences of culturally competent care...
June 20, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Jana K Denkinger, Petra Windthorst, Caroline Rometsch-Ogioun El Sount, Michael Blume, Hes Sedik, Jan I Kizilhan, Niamh Gibbons, Phuong Pham, Jennifer Hillebrecht, Nora Ateia, Christoph Nikendei, Stephan Zipfel, Florian Junne
Introduction: Refugees fleeing persecution, torture, or sexual violence are at high risk of developing both acute and chronic psychological disorders. Systematic violence, as committed against the Yazidi minority in Northern Iraq by the terror organization known as the Islamic State (IS), can be seen as a particularly traumatic burden to the victims, but also to caregivers providing treatments and assistance to them. The intense exposure to traumatic content may cause secondary traumatization in respective caregivers...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
R Nicholas Carleton, Stephanie Korol, Julia E Mason, Kadie Hozempa, Gregory S Anderson, Nicholas A Jones, Keith S Dobson, Andrew Szeto, Suzanne Bailey
Police agencies increasingly implement training programs to protect mental health. The Road to Mental Readiness (R2MR) program was designed by the Canadian military to increase mental health resilience. A version of R2MR was adapted for municipal police by the Mental Health Commission of Canada (MHCC). The current research was designed to assess the R2MR program, as adapted and delivered by the MHCC, in a municipal police sample. Participants were 147 Canadian police agency employees (57% women) who received a single R2MR training session...
June 18, 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
John T Paige, Rollin J Terry Fairbanks, David M Gaba
Improving healthcare safety is a worthwhile and important endeavor. Simulation-based activities can help with such a goal through research and training. In this manner, it can focus on education and training, assessment and metrics, process improvement, and culture change to help move forward both patient safety and quality of care.This article will address the following three main topics: (1) designing simulation-based activities to promote high reliability in healthcare, (2) developing simulation-based activities to foster resilience in healthcare systems, and (3) evaluating the impact of adverse events in healthcare and how simulation-based activities can be used to determine and potentially to prevent their cause...
June 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
Sadhbh Joyce, Fiona Shand, Joseph Tighe, Steven J Laurent, Richard A Bryant, Samuel B Harvey
OBJECTIVES: To synthesise the available evidence on interventions designed to improve individual resilience. DESIGN: A systematic review and meta-analysis METHODS: The following electronic databases were searched: Ovid Medline, Ovid EMBASE, PsycINFO, Ovid Cochrane and WHO Clinical Trials Registry in order to identify any controlled trials or randomised controlled trials (RCTs) examining the efficacy of interventions aimed at improving psychological resilience. Pooled effects sizes were calculated using the random-effects model of meta-analysis...
June 14, 2018: BMJ Open
Charles Timothy West, C Brassett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 14, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
Khaled Saleh, Mohammed Hossny, Saeid Nahavandi
Traffic collisions between kangaroos and motorists are on the rise on Australian roads. According to a recent report, it was estimated that there were more than 20,000 kangaroo vehicle collisions that occurred only during the year 2015 in Australia. In this work, we are proposing a vehicle-based framework for kangaroo detection in urban and highway traffic environment that could be used for collision warning systems. Our proposed framework is based on region-based convolutional neural networks (RCNN). Given the scarcity of labeled data of kangaroos in traffic environments, we utilized our state-of-the-art data generation pipeline to generate 17,000 synthetic depth images of traffic scenes with kangaroo instances annotated in them...
June 12, 2018: Sensors
S Pulciani, E Nutile, D Taruscio
Until a few decades ago, Rare Diseases were relatively unknown. Their low prevalence made them invisible to public opinion, and were of little concern to researchers and pharmaceutical industries. Rare disease sufferers and their loved ones had become victims of the disease as their implications were overlooked. Consequently, some of these individuals formed associations and embarked on ways to change this situation of neglect they had found themselves, in finally having their rights recognized. These associations have over time gained important roles in planning public health and biomedical research, especially after the introduction of the Human Genome Project...
July 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
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