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Resiliency training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773529/development-of-a-just-in-time-adaptive-mhealth-intervention-for-insomnia-usability-study
#1
I Wayan Pulantara, Bambang Parmanto, Anne Germain
BACKGROUND: Healthy sleep is a fundamental component of physical and brain health. Insomnia, however, is a prevalent sleep disorder that compromises functioning, productivity, and health. Therefore, developing efficient treatment delivery methods for insomnia can have significant societal and personal health impacts. Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBTI) is the recommended first-line treatment of insomnia but access is currently limited for patients, since treatment must occur in specialty sleep clinics, which suffer from an insufficient number of trained clinicians...
May 17, 2018: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771207/the-stopit-programme-to-reduce-bullying-and-undermining-behaviour-in-hospitals
#2
Graham Benmore, Steven Henderson, Joanna Mountfield, Brian Wink
Purpose The impact of bullying and undermining behaviours on the National Health Service on costs, patient safety and retention of staff was well understood even before the Illing report, published in 2013, that reviewed the efficacy of training interventions designed to reduce bullying and harassment in the outputs. The purpose of this paper is to provide an example of a good programme well evaluated. Design/methodology/approach The methodology follows a broad realist approach, by specifying the underlying programme assumptions and intention of the designers...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769759/a-p2p-botnet-detection-scheme-based-on-decision-tree-and-adaptive-multilayer-neural-networks
#3
Mohammad Alauthaman, Nauman Aslam, Li Zhang, Rafe Alasem, M A Hossain
In recent years, Botnets have been adopted as a popular method to carry and spread many malicious codes on the Internet. These malicious codes pave the way to execute many fraudulent activities including spam mail, distributed denial-of-service attacks and click fraud. While many Botnets are set up using centralized communication architecture, the peer-to-peer (P2P) Botnets can adopt a decentralized architecture using an overlay network for exchanging command and control data making their detection even more difficult...
2018: Neural Computing & Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760034/physician-burnout-resilience-training-is-only-part-of-the-solution
#4
Alan J Card
Physicians and physician trainees are among the highest-risk groups for burnout and suicide, and those in primary care are among the hardest hit. Many health systems have turned to resilience training as a solution, but there is an ongoing debate about whether that is the right approach. This article distinguishes between unavoidable occupational suffering (inherent in the physician's role) and avoidable occupational suffering (systems failures that can be prevented). Resilience training may be helpful in addressing unavoidable suffering, but it is the wrong treatment for the organizational pathologies that lead to avoidable suffering- and may even compound the harm doctors experience...
May 2018: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759262/focus-on-the-quadruple-aim-development-of-a-resiliency-center-to-promote-faculty-and-staff-wellness-initiatives
#5
Ellen Morrow, Megan Call, Robin Marcus, Amy Locke
DEFINING THE PROBLEM: A growing body of evidence highlights the need for wellness programs to support health care professionals. Although much of the existing literature centers on practicing physicians and physician trainees, there is growing awareness that these challenges are not unique to physicians and affect all members of the health care team. Traumatic and stressful events will always be a part of health care; how these events are addressed on a personal and team level is essential to the success of a health care system...
May 2018: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742631/neurobiology-of-trauma-and-mindfulness-for-children
#6
Jaclyn Iacona, Stephanie Johnson
Adverse child experiences (ACEs) have a significant impact on developing children, both physically and psychologically, with ongoing consequences that may manifest throughout adulthood. These negative health consequences can be mitigated if a child is given a supportive environment in which to develop healthy coping mechanisms. Those who specialize in caring for children with ACEs must understand the neurobiology of trauma to conceptualize how trauma triggers the brain and body when encountering stressful events...
May 2018: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734674/a-cross-disciplinary-successful-aging-intervention-and-evaluation-comparison-of-person-to-person-and-digital-assisted-approaches
#7
Hui-Chuan Hsu, Tsuann Kuo, Ju-Ping Lin, Wei-Chung Hsu, Chia-Wen Yu, Yen-Cheng Chen, Wan-Zhen Xie, Wei-Chiang Hsu, Ya-Lan Hsu, Mu-Ting Yu
Background : Successful aging has been the paradigm of old-age life. The purpose of this study was to implement and evaluate a cross-disciplinary intervention program using two approaches for community-based older adults in Taichung, Taiwan. Methods : The content of the intervention included successful aging concepts and preparation, physical activity, chronic disease and health management, dietary and nutrition information, cognitive training, emotional awareness and coping skills, family relationship and resilience, legal concepts regarding financial protection, and Internet use...
May 4, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730708/stressing-the-journey-using-life-stories-to-study-medical-student-wellbeing
#8
Tania M Jenkins, Jenny Kim, Chelsea Hu, John C Hickernell, Sarah Watanaskul, John D Yoon
While previous studies have considered medical student burnout and resilience at discrete points in students' training, few studies examine how stressors and resilience-building factors can emerge before, and during, medical school. Our study focuses on students' life stories to comprehensively identify factors contributing to student wellbeing. We performed a secondary analysis of life-story interviews with graduating fourth year medical students. These interviews were originally conducted in 2012 as part of the Project on the Good Physician, and then re-analyzed, focusing on student wellbeing...
May 5, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724228/randomized-control-trial-of-computer-based-training-targeting-alertness-in-older-adults-the-alert-trial-protocol
#9
Thomas VanVleet, Michelle Voss, Sawsan Dabit, Alex Mitko, Joseph DeGutis
BACKGROUND: Healthy aging is associated with a decline in multiple functional domains including perception, attention, short and long-term memory, reasoning, decision-making, as well as cognitive and motor control functions; all of which are significantly modulated by an individual's level of alertness. The control of alertness also significantly declines with age and contributes to increased lapses of attention in everyday life, ranging from minor memory slips to a lack of vigilance and increased risk of falls or motor-vehicle accidents...
May 3, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723018/coming-home-from-prison-adapting-military-resilience-training-to-enhance-successful-community-reintegration-for-justice-involved-iraq-afghanistan-veterans
#10
Shoba Sreenivasan, Joel Rosenthal, Daniel E Smee, Keith Wilson, Jim McGuire
We propose a veteran-centric justice model of resilience training developed by the military for assisting service members coming home from war and modify it to assist Iraq/Afghanistan veterans coming home from prison. Incarceration has been identified as a stress aftereffect of the prolonged Iraq and Afghanistan combat deployments. Notably, the rate of Iraq and Afghanistan-era incarcerated veterans increased from 4% to 13% between 2004 and 2012 for all incarcerated veterans. Successful reentry to the community from prison incarceration is difficult, with rearrest and reincarceration a frequent occurrence...
May 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720362/team-resilience-training-in-the-workplace-e-learning-adaptation-measurement-model-and-two-pilot-studies
#11
Joel B Bennett, Michael Neeper, Brittany D Linde, Gale M Lucas, Lindsay Simone
BACKGROUND: The majority of resilience interventions focus on the individual. Workplace resilience is a growing field of research. Given the ever-increasing interconnectedness in businesses, teamwork is a guarantee. There is also growing recognition that resilience functions at the team level. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our work was to address three shortcomings in the study of workplace resilience interventions: lack of interventions focusing on group-level or team resilience, the need for brief interventions, and the need for more theoretical precision in intervention studies...
May 2, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718969/is-prevention-better-than-cure-a-systematic-review-of-the-effectiveness-of-well-being-interventions-for-military-personnel-adjusting-to-civilian-life
#12
Andreas Bauer, Dorothy Newbury-Birch, Shannon Robalino, Jennifer Ferguson, Sarah Wigham
Exposure to stressful and potentially traumatic experiences is a risk for military personnel and for some this may increase susceptibility to reduced well-being. The aim of this systematic review was to examine the effectiveness of interventions to promote the well-being of military personnel adjusting to civilian life. Electronic databases were searched including MEDLINE, Embase, HMIC, PsycINFO, Pilots and CINAHL. Twelve articles, all conducted in the USA, were included in the review. Articles were synthesised narratively and assessed for bias against established criteria...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718520/type-d-personality-as-a-predictor-of-resilience-among-nursing-students
#13
Zuzana Škodová, L'ubica Bánovčinová
BACKGROUND: Understanding the factors that influence resilience is especially important in the context of emotionally demanding work environments in health care. The aim of this study is to examine the associations between Type D personality and resilience among nursing students. METHOD: A correlational study design was used, and 150 baccalaureate nursing students participated. The Type D personality subscale, sense of coherence questionnaire, and Baruth protective factors inventory were used...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704800/does-building-resilience-in-undergraduate-nursing-students-happen-through-clinical-placements-a-qualitative-study
#14
Violeta Lopez, Piyanee Yobas, Yeow Leng Chow, Shefaly Shorey
BACKGROUND: The shortage of nurses has become a global phenomenon, and methods of decreasing the attrition rate of nurses have been explored. Resilience was one of the important factors that increased the retention rate of nurses who stayed in this highly stressful profession. OBJECTIVES: To understand how undergraduate nursing students perceive and experience their clinical placements and to identify the factors that helped them build resilience. DESIGN: A qualitative design utilizing focus group interviews was adopted for this study...
April 21, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697426/does-mindfulness-training-enhance-the-professional-development-of-residents-a-qualitative-study
#15
Hanne Verweij, Hiske van Ravesteijn, Madelon L M van Hooff, Antoine L M Lagro-Janssen, Anne E M Speckens
PURPOSE: In addition to developing diagnostic and clinical skills, postgraduate medical education should stimulate residents' professional development. Teaching medical professionalism is challenging and is often left largely to the informal and hidden curricula. An intervention that might be beneficial for medical residents is Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR). The authors implemented MBSR as an optional course for residents and qualitatively explored how it influenced residents professionally...
April 24, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695957/can-embodied-contemplative-practices-accelerate-resilience-training-and-trauma-recovery
#16
Joseph J Loizzo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689081/six-year-positive-effects-of-a-mindfulness-based-intervention-on-mindfulness-coping-and-well-being-in-medical-and-psychology-students-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Michael de Vibe, Ida Solhaug, Jan H Rosenvinge, Reidar Tyssen, Adam Hanley, Eric Garland
Longitudinal research investigating the enduring impact of mindfulness training is scarce. This study investigates the six-year effects of a seven-week mindfulness-based course, by studying intervention effects in the trajectory of dispositional mindfulness and coping skills, and the association between those change trajectories and subjective well-being at six-year follow-up. 288 Norwegian medical and psychology students participated in a randomized controlled trial. 144 received a 15-hour mindfulness course over seven weeks in the second or third semester with booster sessions twice yearly, while the rest continued their normal study curricula...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672234/transgender-college-students-academic-resilience-and-striving-to-cope-in-the-face-of-marginalized-health
#18
Jenna B Messman, Leigh A Leslie
OBJECTIVE: To examine health behavior and outcome disparities between transgender, female, and male participants in a national sample of US college students. Participants and Method Summary: Analyses utilized secondary data from 32,964 undergraduate and graduate students responding to the Fall 2013 American College Health Association-National College Health Assessment; 65.8% were female, 0.4% were transgender, 67.9% were white, and 90.4% were heterosexual. RESULTS: Transgender students reported more mental health diagnoses, trauma, and suicidality; experienced more violence and less safety, reported more sex partners and sexually transmitted infections (STIs); higher rates of illicit and non-prescription substance use and binge drinking use while engaging in less harm reduction behavior; and reported more barriers to academic success...
April 19, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664216/subgroups-of-dutch-homeless-young-adults-based-on-risk-and-protective-factors-for-quality-of-life-results-of-a-latent-class-analysis
#19
Astrid M Altena, Mariëlle D Beijersbergen, Jeroen K Vermunt, Judith R L M Wolf
It is important to gain more insight into specific subgroups of homeless young adults (HYA) to enable the development of tailored interventions that adequately meet their diverse needs and to improve their quality of life. Within a heterogeneous sample of HYA, we investigated whether subgroups are distinguishable based on risk- and protective factors for quality of life. In addition, differences between subgroups were examined regarding the socio-demographic characteristics, the use of cognitive coping strategies and quality of life...
April 17, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658825/alternative-kinship-structures-resilience-and-social-support-among-immigrant-trans-latinas-in-the-usa
#20
Sel J Hwahng, Bennett Allen, Cathy Zadoretzky, Hannah Barber, Courtney McKnight, Don Des Jarlais
Latinas comprise the largest racial/ethnic group of trans women (male-to-female transgender people) in New York City, where HIV seroprevalence among trans Latinas has been found to be as high as 49%. Despite this population's high risk of HIV, little is known about resilience among trans Latinas that may provide protective health factors. Six focus groups and one in-depth interview were conducted with 34 low-income trans/gender-variant people of colour who attended transgender support groups at harm reduction programmes in New York City...
April 16, 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
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