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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323588/virtual-reality-applications-for-stress-management-training-in-the-military
#1
Federica Pallavicini, Luca Argenton, Nicola Toniazzi, Luciana Aceti, Fabrizia Mantovani
INTRODUCTION: Stress Management Training programs are increasingly being adopted in the military field for resilience empowerment and primary stress prevention. In the last several years, advanced technologies (virtual reality in particular) have been integrated in order to develop more innovative and effective stress training programs for military personnel, including soldiers, pilots, and other aircrew professionals. This systematic review describes experimental studies that have been conducted in recent years to test the effectiveness of virtual reality-based Stress Management Training programs developed for military personnel...
December 1, 2016: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315415/best-practices-in-relational-skills-training-for-medical-trainees-and-providers-an-essential-element-of-addressing-aces-and-promoting-resilience
#2
Eran Magen, Horace M DeLisser
Medical providers' ability to form strong therapeutic alliances with patients is an essential clinical skill that is associated with a higher quality of care and improved provider well being. However, comparatively few medical providers exhibit adequate relational skills, which serve to convey respect, communicate caring, and build trust between the medical provider and the patient. A growing number of medical training programs and continuing medical education programs have begun to incorporate relational skills training, but the results have been highly variable in terms of training methods and impact...
March 14, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293674/monitoring-and-analysis-of-the-change-process-in-curriculum-mapping-compared-to-the-national-competency-based-learning-objective-catalogue-for-undergraduate-medical-education-nklm-at-four-medical-faculties-part-i-conducive-resources-and-structures
#3
Maria Lammerding-Koeppel, Marianne Giesler, Maryna Gornostayeva, Elisabeth Narciss, Annette Wosnik, Stephan Zipfel, Jan Griewatz, Olaf Fritze
Objective: After passing of the National Competency-based Learning Objectives Catalogue in Medicine (Nationaler Kompetenzbasierter Lernzielkatalog Medizin, [NKLM, retrieved on 22.03.2016]), the German medical faculties must take inventory and develop their curricula. NKLM contents are expected to be present, but not linked well or sensibly enough in locally grown curricula. Learning and examination formats must be reviewed for appropriateness and coverage of the competences. The necessary curricular transparency is best achieved by systematic curriculum mapping, combined with effective change management...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287780/examining-the-effects-of-a-novel-training-program-and-use-of-psychiatric-service-dogs-for-military-related-ptsd-and-associated-symptoms
#4
Megan L Kloep, Richard H Hunter, Sarah J Kertz
This study explored an intensive 3-week training program and use of psychiatric service dogs for military-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and associated symptoms. The sample included 2 separate cohorts of military veterans (n = 7 and n = 5) with prior diagnoses of PTSD. Participants completed self-report measures assessing PTSD, depression, perception of social support, anger, and overall quality of life 1 month prior to the training (baseline), at arrival to the training site, and 6-month follow-up...
March 13, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286283/prior-fear-conditioning-does-not-impede-enhanced-active-avoidance-in-serotonin-transporter-knockout-rats
#5
Pieter Schipper, Marloes J A G Henckens, Bart Borghans, Marlies Hiemstra, Tamas Kozicz, Judith R Homberg
Stressors can be actively or passively coped with, and adequate adaption of the coping response to environmental conditions can reduce their potential deleterious effects. One major factor influencing stress coping behaviour is serotonin transporter (5-HTT) availability. Abolishment of 5-HTT is known to impair fear extinction but facilitates acquisition of signalled active avoidance (AA), a behavioural task in which an animal learns to avoid an aversive stimulus that is predicted by a cue. Flexibility in adapting coping behaviour to the nature of the stressor shapes resilience to stress-related disorders...
March 7, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282756/the-effect-of-short-term-isometric-training-on-core-torso-stiffness
#6
Benjamin Lee, Stuart McGill
"Core" exercise is a basic part of many physical training regimens with goals ranging from rehabilitation of spine and knee injuries to improving athletic performance. Core stiffness has been proposed to perform several functions including reducing pain by minimising joint micro-movements, and enhancing strength and speed performance. This study probes the links between a training approach and immediate but temporary changes in stiffness. Passive and active stiffness was measured on 24 participants; 12 having little to no experience in core training (inexperienced), and the other 12 being athletes experienced to core training methods; before and after a 15 min bout of isometric core exercises...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281919/retraumatization-mediates-the-effect-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-on-clinical-training-related-secondary-traumatic-stress-symptoms
#7
Lisa D Butler, Eugene Maguin, Janice Carello
Previous research (AuthorCitation1) has found that exposure to trauma-related material in graduate clinical coursework and field training can put students at risk for reactivations of feelings/memories from negative past experiences (retraumatization) and for secondary traumatic stress (STS) symptoms. The present report sought to examine the role, if any, of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) in these outcomes. Using the AuthorCitaiton2 sample, we examined: (1) rates of ACEs in 195 graduate social work students, (2) whether the total number of ACEs was associated with training-related retraumatization (TRT) and/or STS symptoms, and (3) if TRT mediated the relationship between ACEs and STS symptoms...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280403/-medical-students-burn-out-need-of-student-mentor-and-support-groups-and-emotional-resilience-skills-training-to-be-a-part-of-medical-school-curriculum
#8
COMMENT
Maria Shoaib, Anoshia Afzal, Muhammad Aadil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278012/reproductive-health-rights-and-survival-the-voices-of-mothers-experiencing-homelessness
#9
Courtney Cronley, Kris Hohn, Shamsun Nahar
Women experiencing homelessness report higher rates of reproductive health-related traumas, including unplanned pregnancy, miscarriage, and abortion than their non-homeless peers. Using phenomenological hermeneutic methods, we sought to understand the reproductive health histories of women currently experiencing homelessness (N = 20, 25-61 years old, Mage = 38.33, SDage = 9.33) analyzing data collected between June 2014 and July 2015 in north central Texas. Three key themes highlight the essence of the women's experiences: (1) unexpected pregnancy-pregnancy just happened, (2) loss of reproductive health rights-I was broken, and (3) resilience-giving back and looking forward to good things...
February 16, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263270/a-strategy-to-enhance-student-experiences-in-public-health-emergency-preparedness-and-response-medical-reserve-corps-nursing-student-summer-externship
#10
Loren Nell Melton Stein
Development of the public health nursing workforce is crucial to advancing our nation's health. Many organizations, including the American Association of Colleges of Nursing, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the US Department of Health and Human Services, have identified the need for strengthening academia's connection to public health and tailoring experiences to enhance workforce competency. The Oklahoma Medical Reserve Corps (OKMRC) Nursing Student Summer Externship was developed as a strategy to provide nursing students with strengthened knowledge and skills in disaster response through a structured summer volunteer experience with nurse educators within the OKMRC...
April 2017: Nursing Administration Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257982/online-visual-search-attentional-bias-modification-for-adolescents-with-heightened-anxiety-and-depressive-symptoms-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
E L De Voogd, R W Wiers, E Salemink
Anxiety and depression, which are highly prevalent in adolescence, are both characterized by a negative attentional bias. As Attentional Bias Modification (ABM) can reduce such a bias, and might also affect emotional reactivity, it could be a promising early intervention. However, a growing number of studies also report comparable improvements in both active and placebo groups. The current study investigated the effects of eight online sessions of visual search (VS) ABM compared to both a VS placebo-training and a no-training control group in adolescents with heightened symptoms of anxiety and/or depression (n = 108)...
February 22, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222185/correction-relaxation-response-and-resiliency-training-and-its-effect-on-healthcare-resource-utilization
#12
James E Stahl, Michelle L Dossett, A Scott LaJoie, John W Denninger, Darshan H Mehta, Roberta Goldman, Gregory L Fricchione, Herbert Benson
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0140212.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220500/neuroplus-biofeedback-improves-attention-resilience-and-injury-prevention-in-elite-soccer-players
#13
Aiace Rusciano, Giuliano Corradini, Ivilin Stoianov
Performance and injury prevention in elite soccer players are typically investigated from physical-tactical, biomechanical, and metabolic perspectives. However, executive functions, visuospatial abilities, and psychophysiological adaptability or resilience are also fundamental for efficiency and well-being in sports. Based on previous research associating autonomic flexibility with prefrontal cortical control, we designed a novel integrated autonomic biofeedback training method called Neuroplus to improve resilience, visual attention, and injury prevention...
February 21, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218929/enhancing-resilience-in-active-duty-military-personnel
#14
Sonya Crabtree-Nelson, Lcdr Peter DeYoung
A systematic, evidence-based training program to support active duty military personnel through building unit-level resiliency in preparation for anticipated individual times of crisis is needed. Mental health nurses and social workers in the military possess critical training and expertise in identifying and supporting individual and community resilience factors. Their knowledge of the protective aspects of resilience can and should be used to educate all active duty military personnel, ensure military leaders are knowledgeable in how best to support their units, and provide research on the effectiveness of pre-combat resilience training...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206837/pilot-study-of-veterinary-student-mindset-and-association-with-academic-performance-and-perceived-stress
#15
Margaret V Root Kustritz
Individuals with a growth mindset believe that all failures are opportunities and that their baseline intelligence and talent can be used for continuous improvement. Individuals with a fixed mindset believe that baseline intelligence and talent cannot be developed. A growth mindset is associated with greater academic success and greater resilience in the face of failure or stress. Second-year veterinary students completed three surveys to determine mindset, perceived levels of stress, and life change score...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206832/veterinary-students-perspectives-on-resilience-and-resilience-building-strategies
#16
Jenny E Moffett, David J Bartram
In recent years, resilience has been lauded as a valuable, even necessary, facet of an effective veterinary practitioner. This study describes a mixed-methods research exploration of the impact of a self-care and mental well-being teaching intervention on the self-reported resilience of 105 first-year veterinary students enrolled at the School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Surrey, UK. Quantitative data were obtained through a questionnaire, the 10-item Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC 10), which students completed before and after the teaching intervention...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206806/fostering-resilience-in-national-guard-and-reserve-families-a-contextual-adaptation-of-an-evidence-based-parenting-program
#17
Keri L M Pinna, Sheila Hanson, Na Zhang, Abigail H Gewirtz
Military deployment of a parent is a risk factor for children's internalizing and externalizing problems. This risk may be heightened in National Guard and Reserve (NG/R) families who tend to be isolated from other NG/R families and do not benefit from the centralized support system available to active duty families living on military bases. Isolation and trauma-related disorders may complicate the adjustment of military families during reintegration. An evidence-based parent training intervention was modified to meet the unique needs of recently deployed NG/R parents and their spouses, and the modified program was evaluated in a randomized controlled trial...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196705/an-exploration-of-emergency-nurses-perceptions-attitudes-and-experience-of-teamwork-in-the-emergency-department
#18
Elise Grover, Joanne E Porter, Julia Morphet
BACKGROUND: Teamwork may assist with increased levels of efficiency and safety of patient care in the emergency department (ED), with emergency nurses playing an indispensable role in this process. METHOD: A descriptive, exploratory approach was used, drawing on principles from phenomenology and symbolic interactionism. Convenience, purposive sampling was used in a major metropolitan ED. Semi structured interviews were conducted, audio recorded, and transcribed verbatim...
February 11, 2017: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186934/protocol-for-the-mindful-student-study-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-provision-of-a-mindfulness-intervention-to-support-university-students-well-being-and-resilience-to-stress
#19
Julieta Galante, Geraldine Dufour, Alice Benton, Emma Howarth, Maris Vainre, Timothy J Croudace, Adam P Wagner, Jan Stochl, Peter B Jones
INTRODUCTION: Levels of stress in UK university students are high, with an increase in the proportion of students seeking help in recent years. Academic pressure is reported as a major trigger. Mindfulness training has been shown to reduce stress and is popular among students, but its effectiveness in this context needs to be ascertained. In this pragmatic randomised controlled trial, we hypothesise that the provision of a preventative mindfulness intervention in universities could reduce students' psychological distress during the examination period (primary outcome), improve their resilience to stress up to at least 1 year later, reduce their use of mental health support services and improve academic performance...
November 9, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180130/empowering-education-a-new-model-for-in-service-training-of-nursing-staff
#20
Mahmud Chaghari, Mohsen Saffari, Abbas Ebadi, Ahmad Ameryoun
INTRODUCTION: In-service training of nurses plays an indispensable role in improving the quality of inpatient care. Need to enhance the effectiveness of in-service training of nurses is an inevitable requirement. This study attempted to design a new optimal model for in-service training of nurses. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted in two stages during 2015-2016. In the first stage, the Grounded Theory was adopted to explore the process of training 35 participating nurses...
January 2017: Journal of Advances in Medical Education & Professionalism
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