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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737954/an-app-a-day-keeps-the-doctor-away-guided-education-and-training-via-smartphones-in-subthreshold-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#1
Michael J Roy, Michelle E Costanzo, Krista B Highland, Cara Olsen, Denece Clayborne, Wendy Law
Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms are common in military service members (SMs), but stigma can impede treatment initiation. Smartphone applications (apps) are available anywhere, anytime, with the potential to both mitigate the impact of stigma and reduce PTSD symptom severity. We provided 144 SMs or family members, with subthreshold PTSD symptoms (PTSD Checklist [PCL] scores of 28-49), with apps promoting psychoeducation, social engagement, and relaxation and randomized them to 6 weeks of resilience enhancement (brief cognitive-behavioral session, followed by daily text messages directing app use) or a control group (daily text messages of inspirational quotes)...
July 24, 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736840/issop-position-statement-on-migrant-child-health
#2
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
Greater numbers of children are on the move than ever before. In 2015, the number of forcibly displaced people across the globe reached 65.3 million. Of the more than 1 million migrants, asylum seekers, and refugees who arrived in Europe in 2015, nearly one third were children, and 90,000 of these children were unaccompanied. Child migrants are among the most vulnerable, even after arriving at their destination. The health of migrant children is related to their health status before their journey, the conditions during their journey and at their destination, and the physical and mental health of their caregivers...
July 23, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734859/provider-health-and-wellness
#3
REVIEW
Anil Nanda, Anita Wasan, James Sussman
Provider health and wellness is a significant issue and can impact patient care, including patient satisfaction, quality of care, medical errors, malpractice risk, as well as provider and office staff turnover and early retirement. Health and wellness encompasses various areas including burnout, depression, divorce, and suicide and affects providers of all specialties and at all levels of training. Providers deal with many everyday stresses, including electronic health records, office politics, insurance and billing issues, dissatisfied patients, and their own personal and family issues...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727625/decreasing-stress-and-burnout-in-nurses-efficacy-of-blended-learning-with-stress-management-and-resilience-training-program
#4
Donna L Magtibay, Sherry S Chesak, Kevin Coughlin, Amit Sood
OBJECTIVE: The study's purpose was to assess efficacy of blended learning to decrease stress and burnout among nurses through use of the Stress Management and Resiliency Training (SMART) program. BACKGROUND: Job-related stress in nurses leads to high rates of burnout, compromises patient care, and costs US healthcare organizations billions of dollars annually. Many mindfulness and resiliency programs are taught in a format that limits nurses' attendance. METHODS: Consistent with blended learning, participants chose the format that met their learning styles and goals; Web-based, independent reading, facilitated discussions...
July 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721173/detecting-reporting-and-analysis-of-priority-diseases-for-routine-public-health-surveillance-in-liberia
#5
Joseph Asamoah Frimpong, Meeyoung Mattie Park, Maame Pokuah Amo-Addae, Peter Adebayo Adewuyi, Thomas Knue Nagbe
An essential component of a public health surveillance system is its ability to detect priority diseases which fall within the mandate of public health officials at all levels. Early detection, reporting and response to public health events help to reduce the burden of mortality and morbidity on communities. Analysis of reliable surveillance data provides relevant information which can enable implementation of timely and appropriate public health interventions. To ensure that a resilient system is in place, the World Health Organization (WHO) has provided guidelines for detection, reporting and response to public health events in the Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) strategy...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716506/how-to-prevent-burnout-in-cardiologists-a-review-of-the-current-evidence-gaps-and-future-directions
#6
REVIEW
Maria Panagioti, Keith Geraghty, Judith Johnson
Burnout is rising in all physicians, and cardiologists are not an exemption. Cardiology is a very popular specialty among medical students as it is associated with outstanding training standards and high prestige and income. In this review, we critically summarize the evidence on consequences, causes, and evidence-based interventions for burnout with a view toward recommending the best strategies for promoting wellness in cardiologists. Only a handful of studies have examined burnout specifically in cardiologists...
July 4, 2017: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715495/imagine-the-bright-side-of-life-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-two-types-of-interpretation-bias-modification-procedure-targeting-adolescent-anxiety-and-depression
#7
E L de Voogd, E de Hullu, S Burnett Heyes, S E Blackwell, R W Wiers, E Salemink
INTRODUCTION: Anxiety and depression are highly prevalent during adolescence and characterized by negative interpretation biases. Cognitive bias modification of interpretations (CBM-I) may reduce such biases and improve emotional functioning. However, as findings have been mixed and the traditional scenario training is experienced as relatively boring, a picture-based type of training might be more engaging and effective. METHODS: The current study investigated short- and long-term effects (up to 6 months) and users' experience of two types of CBM-I procedure in adolescents with heightened symptoms of anxiety or depression (N = 119, aged 12-18 year)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713342/nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAbp50-and-hdac1-interaction-is-implicated-in-the-host-tolerance-to-infection-mediated-by-the-bacterial-quorum-sensing-signal-2-aminoacetophenone
#8
Arunava Bandyopadhaya, Amy Tsurumi, Laurence G Rahme
Some bacterial quorum sensing (QS) small molecules are important mediators of inter-kingdom signaling and impact host immunity. The QS regulated small volatile molecule 2-aminoacetophenone (2-AA), which has been proposed as a biomarker of Pseudomonas aeruginosa colonization in chronically infected human tissues, is critically involved in "host tolerance training" that involves a distinct molecular mechanism of host chromatin regulation through histone deacetylase (HDAC)1. 2-AA's epigenetic reprogramming action enables host tolerance to high bacterial burden and permits long-term presence of P...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711118/mental-imagery-training-increases-wanting-of-rewards-and-reward-sensitivity-and-reduces-depressive-symptoms
#9
Julia Linke, Michèle Wessa
High reward sensitivity and wanting of rewarding stimuli help to identify and motivate repetition of pleasant activities. This behavioral activation is thought to increase positive emotions. Therefore, both mechanisms are highly relevant for resilience against depressive symptoms. Yet, these mechanisms have not been targeted by psychotherapeutic interventions. In the present study, we tested a mental imagery training comprising eight 10-minute sessions every second day and delivered via the Internet to healthy volunteers (N = 30, 21 female, mean age of 23...
September 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704829/prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-secondary-traumatization-in-interpreters-for-refugees-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
David Kindermann, Carolin Schmid, Cassandra Derreza-Greeven, Daniel Huhn, Rupert Maria Kohl, Florian Junne, Maritta Schleyer, Judith K Daniels, Beate Ditzen, Wolfgang Herzog, Christoph Nikendei
BACKGROUND: A substantial proportion of refugees, fleeing persecution, torture, and war, are estimated to suffer from psychological traumatization. After being sheltered in reception centers, the refugees come in close contact with different occupational groups, e.g., physicians, social workers, and interpreters. Previous studies ascertained that such interpreters themselves often suffer from primary psychological traumatization. Moreover, through translating refugees' potentially traumatic depictions, the interpreters are in danger of developing a so-called secondary traumatization...
July 14, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699840/distributed-improvisation-a-systems-perspective-of-improvisation-epics-by-led-outdoor-activity-leaders
#11
Margaret J Trotter, Paul M Salmon, Natassia Goode, Michael G Lenné
Improvisation represents the spontaneous and real-time conception and execution of a novel response to an unanticipated situation. In order to benefit from the positive safety potential of this phenomenon, it is necessary to understand what influences its appropriateness and effectiveness. This study has applied the system-based methodology Impromaps to analysing accounts of improvisation aimed at mitigating adverse safety outcomes. These accounts were obtained from led outdoor activity leaders through critical decision method interviews...
July 12, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693982/assessing-and-promoting-the-wellness-of-united-states-ophthalmology-residents-a-survey-of-program-directors
#12
Elaine M Tran, Ingrid U Scott, Melissa A Clark, Paul B Greenberg
OBJECTIVE: To report on the status of residency-based wellness initiatives in ophthalmic graduate medical education and identify strategies for promoting ophthalmology resident wellness by surveying US ophthalmology program directors (PDs). DESIGN: The PDs were each sent an e-mail containing a link to an anonymous online 15-question survey. The PDs also received a letter with the survey link and a $1 incentive. After 2 weeks, nonresponders received 2 weekly reminder e-mails and phone calls...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683799/mindfulness-and-compassion-oriented-practices-at-work-reduce-distress-and-enhance-self-care-of-palliative-care-teams-a-mixed-method-evaluation-of-an-on-the-job-program
#13
Claudia L Orellana-Rios, Lukas Radbruch, Martina Kern, Yesche U Regel, Andreas Anton, Shane Sinclair, Stefan Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Maintaining a sense of self-care while providing patient centered care, can be difficult for practitioners in palliative medicine. We aimed to pilot an "on the job" mindfulness and compassion-oriented meditation training for interdisciplinary teams designed to reduce distress, foster resilience and strengthen a prosocial motivation in the clinical encounter. METHODS: Our objective was to explore the feasibility and effectiveness of this newly developed training...
July 6, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682806/cognitive-resilience-and-psychological-responses-across-a-collegiate-rowing-season
#14
Morgan R Shields, M Alison Brooks, Kelli F Koltyn, Jee-Seon Kim, Dane B Cook
INTRODUCTION: Student-athletes face numerous challenges across their competitive season. Although mood states have been previously studied, little is known about adaptations in other psychological responses, specifically cognition. The purpose of this study was to characterize cognitive function, mood, sleep and stress responses at select time-points of a season in collegiate rowers. It was hypothesized that during baseline, typical training and recovery, athletes would show positive mental health profiles, in contrast to decreases in cognition with increases in negative mood and measurements of stress during peak training...
July 5, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676492/local-emergency-medical-response-after-a-terrorist-attack-in-norway-a-qualitative-study
#15
Aleidis S Brandrud, Michael Bretthauer, Guttorm Brattebø, May Jb Pedersen, Kent Håpnes, Karin Møller, Trond Bjorge, Bjørnar Nyen, Lars Strauman, Ada Schreiner, Gro S Haldorsen, Maria Bergli, Eugene Nelson, Tamara S Morgan, Per Hjortdahl
INTRODUCTION: On 22 July 2011, Norway suffered a devastating terrorist attack targeting a political youth camp on a remote island. Within a few hours, 35 injured terrorist victims were admitted to the local Ringerike community hospital. All victims survived. The local emergency medical service (EMS), despite limited resources, was evaluated by three external bodies as successful in handling this crisis. This study investigates the determinants for the success of that EMS as a model for quality improvement in healthcare...
July 4, 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675759/sensory-and-physical-effects-of-sugar-reduction-in-a-caramel-coating-system
#16
Emily J Mayhew, Shelly J Schmidt, Soo-Yeun Lee
Sugar reduction in processed foods is a pressing and complex problem, as sugars contribute important sensory and physical properties to foods. Composed of sugars and lipids, caramel coating systems, like the coating in caramel popcorns, exemplify this challenge. In order to probe the feasibility and consequences of sugar reduction, both sensory and physical properties were measured for 3 types of caramel coating systems. Four commonly used sugar alcohols, isomalt, maltitol, mannitol, and sorbitol, with different thermal properties and relative sweetness values were chosen to replace sugar in the caramel coating systems at 25% and 50% sugar reduction levels...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637610/an-exploration-of-how-positive-emotions-are-expressed-by-older-people-and-nurse-assistants-in-homecare-visits
#17
Lena Heyn, Lee Ellington, Hilde Eide
OBJECTIVE: We don´t know how positive emotions are being expressed by patients and health care providers in consultations. The aim of this study is to identify positive emotions expressed by older people and nurse assistants to discuss the function of these in the visits. METHOD: This paper presents secondary analysis of consultations in the COMHOME project. In this pilot study, six transcribed consultations between nurse assistants and older people in home health care were analysed using a coding system for positive emotions with seven categories capturing both content and emotional intensity of positive affect...
May 23, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635439/social-and-occupational-factors-associated-with-psychological-wellbeing-among-occupational-groups-affected-by-disaster-a-systematic-review
#18
Samantha K Brooks, Rebecca Dunn, Richard Amlôt, G James Rubin, Neil Greenberg
BACKGROUND: The psychological impact of disasters has been well-documented; less attention has been paid to factors affecting the wellbeing of those exposed to disasters as occupational groups. AIMS: To conduct a systematic literature review identifying social and occupational factors affecting the wellbeing of disaster-exposed employees; to use these factors to identify recommendations for potential interventions. METHOD: Four electronic literature databases were searched; reference lists of relevant papers were hand-searched...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614997/resilience-based-diabetes-self-management-education-perspectives-from-african-american-participants-community-leaders-and-healthcare-providers
#19
H Matthew Lehrer, Susan K Dubois, Sharon A Brown, Mary A Steinhardt
Purpose The purpose of this qualitative, focus group study was to further refine the Resilience-based Diabetes Self-management Education (RB-DSME) recruitment process and intervention, build greater trust in the community, and identify strategies to enhance its sustainability as a community-based intervention in African American church settings. Methods Six 2-hour focus groups (N = 55; 10 men and 45 women) were led by a trained moderator with a written guide to facilitate discussion. Two sessions were conducted with individuals diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who participated in previous RB-DSME pilot interventions and their family members, two sessions with local church leaders, and two sessions with community healthcare providers who care for patients with T2DM...
August 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612689/evaluation-of-flood-preparedness-in-government-healthcare-facilities-in-eastern-province-sri-lanka
#20
Jessica M Farley, Inoka Suraweera, W L S P Perera, Jeremy Hess, Kristie L Ebi
BACKGROUND: Sri Lanka is vulnerable to floods and other hydro-meteorological disasters. Climate change is projected to increase the intensity of these events. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the flood preparedness in healthcare facilities in Eastern Province. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive, mixed methods study conducted in Trincomalee District. Surveys were conducted in 31 government healthcare facilities, using a pre-tested, structured questionnaire covering the last 5 years...
2017: Global Health Action
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