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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904634/an-attempt-for-empowering-education-a-qualitative-study-of-in-service-training-of-nursing-personnel
#1
Mahmood Chaghari, Abbas Ebadi, Ahmad Ameryoun, Mohsen Safari
BACKGROUND: In-service training of nursing personnel has a significant role in increasing the empowerment of nurses and promotion of the quality of health services. The objective of this study is to identify and explain the process of in-service training of nursing personnel in the hospitals affiliated with Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences in Tehran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study employed a qualitative approach using Corbin and Strauss method (2008) in 2015, and examined the viewpoints and experiences of 35 nurses, nurse managers, and educational managers with the in-service education of nursing staffs...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895879/evaluation-of-stress-scores-throughout-radiological-biopsies
#2
Ozlem Turkoglu, Hasan Huseyin Mutlu
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound-guided biopsy procedures are the most prominent methods that increase the trauma, stress and anxiety experienced by the patients. OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to examine the level of stress in patients waiting for radiologic biopsy procedures and determine the stress and anxiety level arising from waiting for a biopsy procedure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective study included 35 female and 65 male patients who were admitted to the interventional radiology department of Kartal Dr...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889584/stress-resilience-and-psychological-well-being-in-chinese-undergraduate-nursing-students
#3
Graeme D Smith, Fang Yang
BACKGROUND: Globally, stress is a well-recognized feature of the life of undergraduate nursing students. However, there currently is little evidence to suggest what role resilience plays in this issue. OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between stress and resilience on psychological well-being in a cohort of Chinese undergraduate student nurses. DESIGN/PARTICIPANTS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using multivariate logistic regression and descriptive statistical analysis in three Chinese nursing schools...
October 22, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875605/sustaining-family-physicians-in-urban-underserved-settings
#4
Anne Getzin, Bonnie L Bobot, Deborah Simpson
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to identify factors that sustain family physicians practicing in Milwaukee's underserved urban areas. METHODS: Family physicians with clinical careers in Milwaukee's urban, underserved communities were identified and invited to participate in a 45-60 minute interview using a literature-based semi-structured protocol. Each interview was transcribed and de-identified prior to independent analysis using a grounded theory qualitative approach by two authors to yield sustaining themes...
November 2016: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864350/grit-and-burnout-in-uk-doctors-a-cross-sectional-study-across-specialties-and-stages-of-training
#5
Laura Halliday, Abigail Walker, Stella Vig, John Hines, John Brecknell
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Grit is characterised by the ability to persevere during difficulties and maintain a sustained effort over an extended period of time. Throughout their careers, doctors will experience many periods of stress and difficulty. This may result in burnout, defined by the presence of exhaustion and disengagement from work. This study aims to characterise the relationship between grit and burnout in doctors and to establish whether there are differences between specialties and levels of training...
November 18, 2016: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863607/-awareness-is-the-first-step-an-interprofessional-course-on-mindfulness-mindful-movement-for-healthcare-professionals-and-students
#6
Patricia Kinser, Sarah Braun, George Deeb, Caroline Carrico, Alan Dow
High levels of stress and related burnout in healthcare professionals (HCPs) are prevalent and costly conditions. Mindfulness training has received recent attention as a possible prevention/intervention strategy to enhance resilience to stress and reduce risk of burnout in HCPs. The purpose of this mixed-methods pilot study was to evaluate the preliminary feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary effects of an 8-week mindfulness curriculum for interprofessional HCPs and trainees (n = 27). Qualitative findings supported feasibility and acceptability of the course for a wide variety of HCP disciplines, including nursing, dentistry, medicine, pharmacy, social work, mental health, and clinical research...
November 2016: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860369/factor-structure-of-therapist-fidelity-to-individual-resiliency-training-in-the-recovery-after-an-initial-schizophrenia-episode-early-treatment-program
#7
Julia Browne, Alexandra N Edwards, David L Penn, Piper S Meyer-Kalos, Jennifer D Gottlieb, Paul Julian, Kelsey Ludwig, Kim T Mueser, John M Kane
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based approaches and early intervention have improved the long-term prognosis of individuals with schizophrenia. However, little is known about the therapeutic processes involved in individual therapy in first-episode psychosis. A comprehensive psychosocial/psychiatric programme for this population, NAVIGATE, includes an individual therapy component, individual resiliency training (IRT). Fidelity of clinicians' adherence to the IRT protocol has been collected to ensure proper implementation of this manual-based intervention...
November 9, 2016: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849509/responding-to-trauma-at-sea-a-case-study-in-psychological-first-aid-unique-occupational-stressors-and-resiliency-self-care
#8
Jeffrey Millegan, Eileen M Delaney, Warren Klam
The U.S. Navy deploys Special Psychiatric Rapid Intervention Teams (SPRINT) to sites of military disasters to assist survivors and the command. SPRINT functions primarily as a consultant to help commands effectively respond to the mental health needs of their service members following a traumatic event. Utilizing the principles of psychological first aid, the overall goal of SPRINT is to mitigate long-term mental health dysfunction and facilitate recovery at both the individual and unit level. We present a case study of a SPRINT mission to a deployed U...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849485/psychological-impact-of-deploying-in-support-of-the-u-s-response-to-ebola-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-past-outbreaks
#9
Kartavya J Vyas, Eileen M Delaney, Jennifer A Webb-Murphy, Scott L Johnston
OBJECTIVE: To examine the potential psychological impact of deploying in support of the U.S. response to Ebola in west Africa by systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: Peer-reviewed articles published between January 2000 and December 2014 were identified using PubMed, PsycINFO, and Web of Science. Thirty-two studies involving 26,869 persons were included in the systematic review; 13 studies involving 7,785 persons were included in the meta-analysis. Pooled standardized mean differences (SMD) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847935/empowering-families-with-the-experience-of-mental-illness-a-presentation-of-the-polish-version-of-camille-training-package
#10
REVIEW
Izabela Tabak, Lidia Zabłocka-Żytka, Jan C Czabała
The paper presents the CAMILLE training package prepared in the EU program Empowerment of Children and Adolescents of Mentally Ill Parents through Training of Professionals working with children and adolescents. The training is designed for psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, teachers and others working with children and adolescents where a parent experiences mental disorders. The project was realized on 4 stages: (1) pre-analyses (quality and quantity) with professionals, family members and people experiencing mental disorders, in regards to the needs, experiences and expectations in education of professionals working with families of parents with mental illness; (2) development of a new pan-European training program for specialists working with these families; (3) pre-pilot implementation and evaluation of the training; (4) preparing of the final version of the training and pilot implementation in 7 countries participating in the project, also in Poland...
2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846928/the-role-of-implementation-science-training-in-global-health-from-the-perspective-of-graduates-of-the-field-s-first-dedicated-doctoral-program
#11
Arianna R Means, David E Phillips, Grégoire Lurton, Anne Njoroge, Sabine M Furere, Rong Liu, Wisal M Hassan, Xiaochen Dai, Orvalho Augusto, Peter Cherutich, Gloria Ikilezi, Caroline Soi, Dong Xu, Christopher G Kemp
Bridging the 'know-do gap' is an enormous challenge for global health practitioners. They must be able to understand local health dynamics within the operational and social contexts that engender them, test and adjust approaches to implementation in collaboration with communities and stakeholders, interpret data to inform policy decisions, and design adaptive and resilient health systems at scale. These skills and methods have been formalized within the nascent field of Implementation Science (IS). As graduates of the world's first PhD program dedicated explicitly to IS, we have a unique perspective on the value of IS and the training, knowledge, and skills essential to bridging the 'know-do gap'...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846150/exercise-maintains-dendritic-complexity-in-an-animal-model-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#12
Jay R Hoffman, Hadas Cohen, Ishay Ostfeld, Zeev Kaplan, Joseph Zohar, Hagit Cohen
INTRODUCTION: This study examined the effect of endurance exercise on dendritic arborization in the dentate gyrus subregion in rodents exposed to a predator scent stress (PSS). METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to one of four treatment groups. In two of the groups, rats were unexposed to PSS but either remained sedentary (SED + UNEXP) or were exercised (EX + UNEXP). In the other two groups, rats were exposed to the PSS but either remained sedentary (SED + PSS) or were exercised (EX + PSS)...
December 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844198/anesthesiology-resident-wellness-program-at-the-university-of-saskatchewan-curriculum-content-and-delivery
#13
Anita Chakravarti, Mateen Raazi, Jennifer O'Brien, Breanna Balaton
Resident and physician health are increasingly recognized by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada and its CanMEDS framework as integral to residency training in Canada. Resident stress, burnout, and depression also have implications for patient care. Although curricula have been advocated to promote resident wellness and resilience, no such published curricula exist to guide programs in addressing these needs. The purpose of this article is to describe the curriculum content and delivery of the Anesthesiology Residency Wellness Program (ARWP) at the University of Saskatchewan...
November 14, 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828789/improving-teamwork-and-resiliency-of-burn-center-nurses-through-a-standardized-staff-development-program
#14
Mollie F Christiansen, Andrew Wallace, John M Newton, Nicole Caldwell, Elizabeth A Mann-Salinas
For many acute care nursing units, such as the Burn Progressive Care Unit (BPCU) at the U.S. Army Burn center, staff stress and burnout is always a concern for leaders. Job stress not only contributes to nursing turnover, but can have a negative impact on patient care. The purpose of this project was to develop a training platform for nursing staff education and teambuilding with the intent of improving nurse satisfaction, increasing resiliency, building unit cohesion, enhancing morale, and increasing staff awareness of unit performance...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825793/adherence-to-the-dietary-guidelines-for-americans-is-associated-with-psychological-resilience-in-young-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Laura J Lutz, Erin Gaffney-Stomberg, Kelly W Williams, Susan M McGraw, Philip J Niro, J Philip Karl, Sonya J Cable, Thomas L Cropper, James P McClung
BACKGROUND: The 2010 Healthy Eating Index (HEI-2010), a measure of diet quality, is used to quantify adherence to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans. Better HEI scores have been associated with positive health outcomes; however, the relationship between diet quality and psychological resilience, a mental health attribute for coping with adversity, has not been assessed. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to assess the relationship between diet quality and psychological resilience, and the relationship between resilience and demographics, anthropometrics, socioeconomic status, and health behavior...
November 5, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818268/the-basolateral-amygdala-can-mediate-the-effects-of-fear-memory-on-sleep-independently-of-fear-behavior-and-the-peripheral-stress-response
#16
Laurie L Wellman, Mairen E Fitzpatrick, Olga Y Hallum, Amy M Sutton, Brook L Williams, Larry D Sanford
Fear conditioning associated with inescapable shock training (ST) and fearful context re-exposure (CR) alone can produce significant behavioral fear, a stress response and alterations in subsequent REM sleep. These alterations may vary among animals and are mediated by the basolateral nucleus of the amygdala (BLA). Here, we used the GABAA agonist, muscimol (Mus), to inactivate BLA prior to CR and examined the effects on sleep, freezing and stress-induced hyperthermia (SIH). Wistar rats (n=28) were implanted with electrodes for recording sleep, data loggers for recording core body temperature, and with cannulae aimed bilaterally into BLA...
November 3, 2016: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809880/investigating-the-cost-effectiveness-of-attention-bias-modification-abm-for-outpatients-with-major-depressive-disorder-mdd-a-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol
#17
Gina R A Ferrari, Eni S Becker, Filip Smit, Mike Rinck, Jan Spijker
BACKGROUND: Despite the range of available, evidence-based treatment options for Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), the rather low response and remission rates suggest that treatment is not optimal, yet. Computerized attention bias modification (ABM) trainings may have the potential to be provided as cost-effective intervention as adjunct to usual care (UC), by speeding up recovery and bringing more patients into remission. Research suggests, that a selective attention for negative information contributes to development and maintenance of depression and that reducing this negative bias might be of therapeutic value...
November 3, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801391/a-review-of-research-on-child-abuse-in-malaysia
#18
I G S Cheah, W Y Choo
The aim of this review was to summarise published literature on child abuse and neglect and its consequences in Malaysia, to discuss the implications of the research findings and to identify gaps in the local literature on child abuse and neglect. Medical and social literature in the English language published between the year 2000 to 2015 were searched for, resulting in forty four papers to be reviewed inclusive of a few key papers in the earlier years to provide some background information. The literature shows that child abuse and neglect is an important impact factor on mental health outcomes, involvement in substance abuse and delinquency due to the slant of the research interest from social studies...
June 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796118/does-a-brief-workshop-change-clinical-associate-students-resilience
#19
David Rogers
BACKGROUND: Clinical associates resilience is important as many will work in adverse circumstances. There is some evidence that educational interventions can improve health care student resilience although it is conflicting. There is no previously published research on educational interventions for resilience in clinical associate students. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether a brief resilience workshop could improve resilience in clinical associate students. METHODS: A single cohort pre-post design was used...
September 15, 2016: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775505/insights-into-french-emergency-planning-response-and-resilience-procedures-from-a-hospital-managerial-perspective-following-the-paris-terrorist-attacks-of-friday-november-13-2015
#20
Ali Ghanchi
On Friday, November 13, 2015, Paris was subjected to a multiple terrorist attack that caused widespread carnage. Although French emergency planning, response, and resilience procedures (Plan Blanc) anticipated crisis management of a major incident, these had to be adapted to the local context of Pitié-Salpêtrière University Teaching Hospital. Health care workers had undergone Plan Blanc training and exercises and it was fortunate that such a drill had occurred on the morning of the attack. The procedures were observed to work well because this type of eventuality had been fully anticipated, and staff performance exceeded expectations owing to prior in-depth training and preparations...
October 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
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