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Resiliency training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145463/the-chicken-or-the-egg-exploring-bi-directional-associations-between-newcastle-disease-vaccination-and-village-chicken-flock-size-in-rural-tanzania
#1
Julia de Bruyn, Peter C Thomson, Brigitte Bagnol, Wende Maulaga, Elpidius Rukambile, Robyn G Alders
Newcastle disease (ND) is a viral disease of poultry with global importance, responsible for the loss of a potential source of household nutrition and economic livelihood in many low-income food-deficit countries. Periodic outbreaks of this endemic disease result in high mortality amongst free-ranging chicken flocks and may serve as a disincentive for rural households to invest time or resources in poultry-keeping. Sustainable ND control can be achieved through vaccination using a thermotolerant vaccine administered via eyedrop by trained "community vaccinators"...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142759/forced-migrants-involved-in-setting-the-agenda-and-designing-research-to-reduce-impacts-of-complex-emergencies-combining-swarm-with-patient-and-public-involvement
#2
Julii Suzanne Brainard, Enana Al Assaf, Judith Omasete, Steve Leach, Charlotte C Hammer, Paul R Hunter
Plain English summary: The UK's National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Health Protection Research Unit in Emergency Preparedness and Response was asked to undertake research on how to reduce the impact of complex national/international emergencies on public health. How to focus the research and decide on priority topics was challenging, given the nature of complex events. Using a type of structured brain-storming, the researchers identified the ongoing UK, European and international migration crisis as both complex and worthy of deeper research...
2017: Res Involv Engagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139325/the-applicability-of-resilience-training-to-the-mitigation-of-trauma-related-mental-illness-in-military-personnel-formula-see-text
#3
Summer R Thompson, Sarah Dobbins
BACKGROUND: Ongoing participation by the United States in military operations around the world places military personnel at an increased potential for exposure to trauma, which may directly result in an increased risk for mental health issues. It is important to develop and test new approaches to prevent and mitigate the effects of trauma in military personnel. One such area of research is focused on psychological resilience to prevent the sequelae of trauma. OBJECTIVES: This article examines empirical research of resilience training in military personnel and discusses the potential applicability of such training in this population...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128734/promoting-resilience-among-nursing-students-in-clinical-education
#4
Lisa Jean Thomas, Marilyn Asselin
Resilience is the ability to overcome adversity and grow stronger from the experience. Increased resilience has been shown to positively impact nurses in practice. With this knowledge, recommendations to incorporate resilience training into nursing education have been made. Research, integrative reviews and a theoretical model of resilience in nursing students are explored in this paper. The authors posit that facilitating resilience is important in the setting of clinical education. Through incorporating resilience training in the clinical setting, educators can better prepare students for challenges in their educational environment and ultimately for nursing practice...
October 7, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128195/-what-support-of-young-presenting-a-first-psychotic-episode-when-schooling-is-being-challenged
#5
M-N Vacheron, H Veyrat-Masson, E Wehbe
Psychiatric disorders (more specifically mood disorders and psychosis) represent the 1st cause of disability among young people. Unemployment rate between 75 to 95% for the person with schizophrenia. It is correlated to poor social integration and bad economic status, worse symptomatology loss of autonomy as well as global bad functioning. It is responsible of more than half of the overall cost of psychosis. The onset of most of psychiatric disorders occur between the age of 25 and 35 years old, a critical time in young adult life when they should build their professional as well as social future...
November 8, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124715/the-relationship-between-psychological-distress-and-perception-of-emotional-support-in-medical-students-and-residents-and-implications-for-educational-institutions
#6
Alan McLuckie, Katherine M Matheson, Ashley L Landers, Jeff Landine, Jason Novick, Tessa Barrett, Gina Dimitropoulos
OBJECTIVE: Psychological distress is pervasive among medical students and residents (MSR) and is associated with academic under-performance, decreased empathy, burnout, and suicidal ideation. To date, there has been little examination of how demographic and socioeconomic factors influence trainee's psychological distress levels, despite suggestion that financial concerns are a common source of stress. Recent Canadian studies examining the prevalence of distress, burnout, and resilience in MSR are limited...
November 9, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117300/association-of-resilience-with-depression-and-health-related-quality-of-life-for-patients-with-hidradenitis-suppurativa
#7
Joslyn S Kirby, Melissa Butt, Solveig Esmann, Gregor B E Jemec
Importance: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) places a significant burden on the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of patients, many of whom have depression. Resilience can play a role in mitigating the negative stressors, such as the symptoms of HS, on patients' mental health. Objective: To investigate the correlation among resilience, depression, and HRQOL for patients with HS. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cross-sectional survey study of 154 patients from 2 referral centers in the United States and in Denmark was conducted from June 1, 2016, to March 31, 2017...
November 8, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116825/spanish-validation-of-the-10-item-connor-davidson-resilience-scale-cd-risc-10-with-non-professional-caregivers
#8
Vanessa Blanco, María Adelina Guisande, María Teresa Sánchez, Patricia Otero, Fernando L Vázquez
OBJECTIVES: Despite the importance of resilience in populations under stress, and the fact that the 10-item version Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC 10) is the shortest instrument for reliable and valid evaluation of resilience, there are no data on their psychometric properties in non-professional caregivers. The aim of this study was to analyze the psychometric properties and factorial structure of the spanish version of the CD-RISC 10 in non-professional caregivers. METHOD: Independently trained assessors evaluated resilience, self-esteem, social support, emotional distress and depression in a sample of 294 caregivers (89...
November 8, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107117/burnout-and-stress-among-us-surgery-residents-psychological-distress-and-resilience
#9
Carter C Lebares, Ekaterina V Guvva, Nancy L Ascher, Patricia S O'Sullivan, Hobart W Harris, Elissa S Epel
BACKGROUND: Burnout among physicians affects mental health, performance and patient outcomes. Surgery residency is a high-risk time for burnout. We examined burnout and the psychological characteristics that may contribute to burnout vulnerability and resilience in a group of surgical trainees. STUDY DESIGN: An online survey was distributed in September, 2016, to all ACGME-accredited general surgery programs. Burnout was assessed with an abbreviated Maslach Burnout Inventory...
October 24, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098597/smart-r-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-a-resilience-curriculum-for-residents-by-residents
#10
Deanna Chaukos, Emma Chad-Friedman, Darshan H Mehta, Laura Byerly, Alper Celik, Thomas H McCoy, John W Denninger
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the feasibility of a resident-led resiliency curriculum developed by residents, for residents. METHODS: The Stress Management and Resiliency Training Program for Residents (SMART-R) is a 6-h group-based curriculum that teaches meditation, behavioral skills, and positive perspective-taking strategies. SMART-R was implemented for all medicine and psychiatry interns at a large US teaching hospital during the first 6 months of internship...
November 2, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095544/predictive-validity-and-correlates-of-self-assessed-resilience-among-u-s-army-soldiers
#11
Laura Campbell-Sills, Ronald C Kessler, Robert J Ursano, Xiaoying Sun, Charles T Taylor, Steven G Heeringa, Matthew K Nock, Nancy A Sampson, Sonia Jain, Murray B Stein
BACKGROUND: Self-assessment of resilience could prove valuable to military and other organizations whose personnel confront foreseen stressors. We evaluated the validity of self-assessed resilience among U.S. Army soldiers, including whether predeployment perceived resilience predicted postdeployment emotional disorder. METHODS: Resilience was assessed via self-administered questionnaire among new soldiers reporting for basic training (N = 35,807) and experienced soldiers preparing to deploy to Afghanistan (N = 8,558)...
November 2, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083982/stop-the-spam-conference-ethics-and-decoding-the-subtext-in-post-truth-science-what-would-denis-diderot-say
#12
Vural Özdemir, Collet Dandara, Nezih Hekim, Kean Birch, Simon Springer, Tanja Kunej, Laszlo Endrenyi
Science and its practice always had a subtext, subject to influence by scientists', funders', and other innovation actors' values and assumptions. The recent emergence of post-truth, authoritarian and populist penchants, in both developed and developing countries, has further blurred the already fluid boundaries between material scientific facts and their social construction/shaping by scientific subtext, human values, powers, and hegemony. While there are certain checks, balances, and oversight mechanisms for publication ethics, other pillars of science communication, most notably, scientific conferences and their governance, are ill prepared for post-truth science...
November 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075319/a-qualitative-analysis-of-psychosocial-outcomes-among-women-with-sexual-violence-related-pregnancies-in-eastern-democratic-republic-of-congo
#13
Jennifer Scott, Colleen Mullen, Shada Rouhani, Philipp Kuwert, Ashley Greiner, Katherine Albutt, Gillian Burkhardt, Monica Onyango, Michael VanRooyen, Susan Bartels
BACKGROUND: Sexual violence is prevalent in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and has potentially devastating psychosocial consequences. Previous studies have reported on sexual violence and its impact on the mental health of survivors, but there are few studies conducted among women with sexual violence-related pregnancies (SVRPs). Women with SVRPs may be at greater risk of complex psychosocial outcomes, including social stigmatization. This study aimed to describe psychosocial outcomes among this subgroup of sexual violence survivors in order to inform future interventions...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072516/the-first-female-authors-of-the-journal-of-urology
#14
Kathryn Marchetti, Ted Lee, David A Bloom, Julian Wan
Introduction In 1917, Alma Hiller became the first woman to publish in the Journal of Urology ( JU). Her contribution was followed by articles from Carol Beeler and Isabel Mary Wason. This study explores their careers and contributions. Methods We reviewed JU articles from 1917 to 1925 and identified Hiller, Beeler, and Wason as the first three women authors. Using public records, we obtained information of their educations and careers. Results Hiller demonstrated resilience in obtaining training and ultimately contributed to innovation in clinical chemistry...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068821/who-am-i-and-who-do-i-strive-to-be-applying-a-theory-of-self-conscious-emotions-to-medical-education
#15
William E Bynum, Anthony R Artino
The self-conscious emotions of shame, guilt, and pride are a distinct set of cognitively complex, powerful, and ubiquitous emotions that arise when an individual engages in self-evaluation. Currently, little is known about the influence or outcomes of self-conscious emotions in medical learners. In this article, the authors present a leading theory of self-conscious emotions that outlines the appraisals and attributions that give rise to and differentiate shame, guilt, and two forms of pride. The authors then apply the theory to three relevant topics in medical education: perfectionism, professional identity formation, and motivation...
October 24, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063782/effects-of-hiv-stigma-reduction-interventions-in-diasporic-communities-insights-from-the-champ-study
#16
Alan Tai-Wai Li, Kenneth Po-Lun Fung, Eleanor Maticka-Tyndale, Josephine Pui-Hing Wong
Racialized diasporic communities in Canada experience disproportionate burden of HIV infection. Their increased vulnerabilities are associated with interlocking challenges, including barriers in accessing resources, migration and settlement stress, and systemic exclusion. Further, people living with HIV (PLHIV) in these diasporic communities face stigma and discrimination in both mainstream Canadian society as well as their own ethno-racial communities. HIV stigma negatively impacts all aspects of HIV care, from testing to disclosure to treatment and ongoing care...
October 24, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056619/increasing-empathy-and-conflict-resolution-skills-through-nonviolent-communication-nvc-training-in-latino-adults-and-youth
#17
Marcianna Nosek, Maite Durán
BACKGROUND: Children of Latino immigrants often are torn between their native homes and new communities. Having supportive interpersonal relationships increases resilience to delinquent and violent behaviors stemming from immigration challenges. Communication fostering empathy may improve conflict resolution and supportive relationships. OBJECTIVES: Community-based participatory research (CBPR) was conducted to evaluate the impact of nonviolent communication (NVC) trainings in Latino adults and youth...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055260/swimming-exercise-reverses-cums-induced-changes-in-depression-like-behaviors-and-hippocampal-plasticity-related-proteins
#18
Weina Liu, Xiangli Xue, Jie Xia, Jiatong Liu, Zhengtang Qi
BACKGROUND: Stress-induced failed resilience of brain plasticity can contribute to the onset and recurrence of depression. Chronic stress has been reported to open windows of epigenetic plasticity in hippocampus. However, how hippocampal plasticity underlies depression-like behaviors and how it adapts in response to stress has not been addressed. The present study aimed to investigate the signaling mechanisms of CUMS affecting hippocampal plasticity-related proteins expression and the regulation of swimming exercise in mice...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052620/solving-a-higgs-optimization-problem-with-quantum-annealing-for-machine-learning
#19
Alex Mott, Joshua Job, Jean-Roch Vlimant, Daniel Lidar, Maria Spiropulu
The discovery of Higgs-boson decays in a background of standard-model processes was assisted by machine learning methods. The classifiers used to separate signals such as these from background are trained using highly unerring but not completely perfect simulations of the physical processes involved, often resulting in incorrect labelling of background processes or signals (label noise) and systematic errors. Here we use quantum and classical annealing (probabilistic techniques for approximating the global maximum or minimum of a given function) to solve a Higgs-signal-versus-background machine learning optimization problem, mapped to a problem of finding the ground state of a corresponding Ising spin model...
October 18, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042885/more-resilience-in-males-with-probable-bipolar-depression-than-probable-unipolar-depression-among-korean-conscripts
#20
Ji-Yeong Seo, Dawon Lee, Dongyun Lee, Boseok Cha, Chul-Soo Park, Bong-Jo Kim, Cheol-Soon Lee, So-Jin Lee, In-Young Ahn, Jae-Won Choi
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether the resilience of males with probable bipolar depression (PBD) can be strengthened and compared it to that of males with probable unipolar depression (PUD). METHODS: Prospective data for 198 participants (PBD: 66, PUD: 66, normal control: 66) were analyzed. The participants' resilience, bipolarity and severity of depressive symptoms were evaluated at baseline and after 5 weeks. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and repeated measure ANOVA was performed for comparing resilience between three groups through a basic military training...
September 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
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