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Resiliency training

Maylene Shung-King, Lucy Gilson, Chinyere Mbachu, Sassy Molyneux, Kelly W Muraya, Nkoli Uguru, Veloshnee Govender
BACKGROUND: The importance of strong and transformative leadership is recognised as essential to the building of resilient and responsive health systems. In this regard, Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) 5 prioritises a current gap, by calling for women's full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership, including in the health system. In South Africa, pre-democracy repressive race-based policies, coupled with strong patriarchy, led to women and especially black women, being 'left behind' in terms of career development and progression into senior health leadership positions...
September 18, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
Stephanie M Mazerolle, Christianne M Eason, Ashley Goodman
CONTEXT:  A multilevel model has been used to describe the complex nature of work-life balance in sport organizations. Organizational aspects such as work scheduling, hours worked, job demands, and decreased perceived value have been reported as factors that can positively or negatively affect work-life balance. However, the individual factors that contribute to this balance have not been well studied. OBJECTIVE:  To better understand the individual factors (emotional stability and coping) that may facilitate or inhibit work-life balance among athletic trainers (ATs)...
September 18, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
Bridget E Berkland, Brooke L Werneburg, Sarah M Jenkins, Jamie L Friend, Matthew M Clark, Jordan K Rosedahl, Paul J Limburg, Beth A Riley, Denise R Lecy, Amit Sood
Objective: To assess the effect of a 12-week Stress Management and Resilience Training (SMART) program on happiness, life satisfaction, gratitude, mindfulness, spirituality, and stress in health care workers. Participants and Methods: Participants were members of an employee wellness center at an academic health care center. Participants were enrolled as cohorts of 12 to 18 individuals and received the intervention at an employee wellness center from February 19, 2013, to February 27, 2017...
December 2017: Mayo Clinic proceedings. Innovations, quality & outcomes
Courtney Welton-Mitchell, Leah Emily James, Shree Niwas Khanal, Alexander Scott James
BACKGROUND: On 25th April 2015, Nepal experienced a 7.8 magnitude earthquake, followed by countless aftershocks. Nearly 9000 people were killed and over 600,000 homes destroyed. Given the high frequency of earthquake and other natural hazards in Nepal, disaster preparedness is crucial. However, evidence suggests that some people exposed to prior disasters do not engage in risk reduction, even when they receive training and have adequate resources. Mental health symptoms, including those associated with prior disaster exposure, may influence engagement in preparedness...
September 15, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
F Murden, D Bailey, F Mackenzie, R S Oeppen, P A Brennan
Medicine and surgery can be demanding professions with high levels of burnout, but few healthcare professionals are given training or education in the management of stress, and the ability of individuals to cope with work and other pressures is often taken for granted. Emotional resilience - the ability to recover from a stressful event, whether at work or at home - is influenced by factors that are both within and outside our control. In this review, we provide an overview of emotional resilience for surgeons and other healthcare professionals, and focus on the factors that can be modulated to help us cope with difficult or complex situations...
September 13, 2018: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
David M Brandman, Michael C Burkhart, Jessica Kelemen, Brian Franco, Matthew T Harrison, Leigh R Hochberg
Intracortical brain computer interfaces can enable individuals with paralysis to control external devices through voluntarily modulated brain activity. Decoding quality has been previously shown to degrade with signal nonstationarities-specifically, the changes in the statistics of the data between training and testing data sets. This includes changes to the neural tuning profiles and baseline shifts in firing rates of recorded neurons, as well as nonphysiological noise. While progress has been made toward providing long-term user control via decoder recalibration, relatively little work has been dedicated to making the decoding algorithm more resilient to signal nonstationarities...
September 14, 2018: Neural Computation
Michelle D DiLauro
Social work professionals would benefit by including integrative medicine programs and practices in their framework of practice and service delivery to clients. In our rapidly changing health care environment, using a model that provides a more comprehensive and empowering approach to addressing the medical and psychological needs of our clients is warranted. Discussion of holistic social work practice and implications for social work education and training will be examined through a review of the research and clinical application of a mind-body program titled the Relaxation Response Resiliency Program (3RP)...
September 12, 2018: Health & Social Work
Pınar Yaprak, Mehmet Güçlü, Tebessüm Ayyildiz Durhan
Happiness, psychological hardiness, and humor ("the 3Hs") are useful ways of assessing resilience to stress in positive psychology. The literature analyzing their confluence regarding sports is scarce. This study aims to analyze the participants' 3H levels and the relationships between those levels and specific variables. The Psychological Hardiness Scale (Psikolojik Dayaniklilik Olcegi, PDO), the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire Short Form (OHQ-SF), and the Humor Styles Questionnaire (HSQ) were used...
September 12, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
Eric Bui, Allyson M Blackburn, Lauren H Brenner, Lauren M Laifer, Elyse R Park, Gregory L Fricchione, Louisa G Sylvia
There are over one million post-9/11 military caregivers in the United States who face a variety of stressors inherent to caring for an incapacitated loved one. Mind-body interventions, such as the Stress Management and Resilience Training Relaxation Response Resiliency Program (SMART-3RP), have been shown to reduce stress and improve overall health and functioning. The present qualitative study aims to explore stressors experienced by military caregivers in their caregiving role and to assess attitudes towards the virtual delivery of the SMART-3RP...
September 13, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Karen Mueller, Roberta Prins, Hendrik D de Heer
Health professions students often experience burnout and loss of empathy that worsens as they progress through their education. This study explored the impact of an evidence-based online course on physical therapy student empathy, resilience, and work engagement during their clinical internships. Participants included 36 doctoral physical therapy students who were beginning a sequence of three consecutive internships following their didactic coursework. Participants were randomly assigned to an immediate or delayed intervention group and received the online course during the first or second of the three internships...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
Carol Anderson DuBois, Judith F Zedreck Gonzalez
Retaining qualified nurses at the bedside can have a positive impact on patient care safety and quality. Without support and resilience, nurses may become emotionally exhausted within the first year of practice. Nursing professional development educators must recognize that new nurses often struggle with stressors related to nursing and take the appropriate steps to help them build resilience. This article describes an education project implemented to assist new nurses in developing their resilience. It describes the process and outcomes of a resiliency training program infused into one healthcare facility's nurse residency program and may inform nursing professional development educators planning similar programs...
September 2018: Journal for Nurses in Professional Development
Lorainne Tudor Car, Bhone Myint Kyaw, Rifat Atun
BACKGROUND: Health leadership and management are essential for ensuring resilient health systems. Relevant training opportunities are often scarce, and the use of digital education could help address this gap. Our aim was to assess the effectiveness of eLearning for healthcare leadership and management capacity building. METHODS: We performed a systematic review on the effectiveness of eLearning for health leadership and management training. We also reviewed literature on relevant competencies and training programmes...
September 3, 2018: Human Resources for Health
Amy A Kirkham, D Ian Paterson, Carla M Prado, John M Mackey, Kerry S Courneya, Edith Pituskin, Richard B Thompson
BACKGROUND: Anthracycline chemotherapy agents are commonly used to treat breast cancer, but also result in cardiac injury, and potentially detrimental effects to vascular and skeletal muscle. Preclinical evidence demonstrates that exercise and caloric restriction can independently reduce anthracycline-related injury to the heart as well as cancer progression, and may be promising short-term strategies prior to treatment administration. For women with breast cancer, a short-term strategy may be more feasible and appealing, as maintaining regular exercise training or a diet throughout chemotherapy can be challenging due to treatment symptoms and psychosocial distress...
September 3, 2018: BMC Cancer
H Dahn, A McGibbon, D Bowes
PURPOSE: To measure burnout rates and resiliency scores in Canadian Oncology residents and to advance the knowledge regarding resiliency and wellness training in Canadian Oncology residency programs. METHODS AND MATERIAL: Online surveys was circulated to all Canadian Radiation Oncology, Medical Oncology and Hematology residents and program directors. Oncology resident burnout rates and resiliency scores were measured using the abbreviated Maslach Burnout Inventory (aMBI) and Connor-Davidson Resiliency scale (CD-RISC)...
August 30, 2018: Practical Radiation Oncology
Kshitij S Jadhav, Veronica L Peterson, Olivier Halfon, Grace Ahern, Fiona Fouhy, Catherine Stanton, Timothy G Dinan, John F Cryan, Benjamin Boutrel
Identifying biological markers predicting vulnerability to develop excessive alcohol consumption may lead to a real improvement of clinical care. With converging evidence suggesting that gut microbiome is capable of influencing brain and behavior, this study aimed at investigating whether changes in gut microbiome composition is associated with conditioned responses to alcohol. We trained Wistar rats to self-administer alcohol for a prolonged period before screening those exhibiting uncontrolled alcohol seeking and taking by modeling diagnostic criteria for AUD: inability to abstain during a signaled period of reward unavailability, increased motivation assessed in a progressive effortful task and persistent alcohol intake despite aversive foot shocks...
August 31, 2018: Neuropharmacology
Carter C Lebares, Amy O Hershberger, Ekaterina V Guvva, Aditi Desai, James Mitchell, Wen Shen, Linda M Reilly, Kevin L Delucchi, Patricia S O'Sullivan, Nancy L Ascher, Hobart W Harris
Importance: Among surgical trainees, burnout and distress are prevalent, but mindfulness has been shown to decrease the risk of depression, suicidal ideation, burnout, and overwhelming stress. In other high-stress populations, formal mindfulness training has been shown to improve mental health, yet this approach has not been tried in surgery. Objective: To test the feasibility and acceptability of modified Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) training during surgical residency...
August 29, 2018: JAMA Surgery
Taylor S Riall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 29, 2018: JAMA Surgery
Lisa C Fellin, Jane E M Callaghan, Joanne H Alexander, Claire Harrison-Breed, Stavroula Mavrou, Maria Papathanasiou
This article describes the development of a group-based therapeutic intervention for young people (YP) who have lived with domestic violence and abuse. The intervention was informed by interviews with 107 YP, focused on their experiences of coping, resilience and agency. The intervention draws on resources from systemic, creative and narrative approaches to group work, and aims to facilitate YP's expression of distress in a way that recognizes that it is embodied, contextual and relational. The intervention also explores YP's existing strategies for coping and maintaining a sense of agency, and works to harness, enhance and further develop those skills...
August 29, 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
(no author information available yet)
Racism can exert negative effects on the self-concepts, health and well-being, and life trajectories of both nondominant racial-ethnic (NDRE) youth and youth-serving providers. In the face of growing nationalism, ethnocentrism, xenophobia, and overt expressions of racism, the Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine recognizes the critically important need to address the issue of racism and its impact on both NDRE youth and youth-serving providers. Organizations involved in clinical care delivery and health professions training and education must recognize the deleterious effects of racism on health and well-being, take strong positions against discriminatory policies, practices, and events, and take action to promote safe and affirming environments...
August 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
L Jamila Haider, Jonas Hentati-Sundberg, Matteo Giusti, Julie Goodness, Maike Hamann, Vanessa A Masterson, Megan Meacham, Andrew Merrie, Daniel Ospina, Caroline Schill, Hanna Sinare
The establishment of interdisciplinary Master's and PhD programs in sustainability science is opening up an exciting arena filled with opportunities for early-career scholars to address pressing sustainability challenges. However, embarking upon an interdisciplinary endeavor as an early-career scholar poses a unique set of challenges: to develop an individual scientific identity and a strong and specific methodological skill-set, while at the same time gaining the ability to understand and communicate between different epistemologies...
2018: Sustainability science
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