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Resiliency training

Martin Proenca, Olivier Grossenbacher, Stephan Dasen, Virginie Moser, Daniel Ostojic, Alia Lemkaddem, Damien Ferrario, Mathieu Lemay, Martin Wolf, Jean-Claude Fauchere, Tanja Karen
The measurement of peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2) in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) poses a significant challenge. Motion artifacts due to the patient's limb motion induce many false alarms, which in turn cause an additional workload for the medical staff and anxiety for the parents. We developed a reflectance pulse oximeter dedicated to be placed at the patient's forehead, which is less prone to such artifacts. We trained our algorithms for SpO2 estimation on 8 adult healthy volunteers participating in a controlled desaturation study...
July 2018: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Carolyn Wallace, Fran Dale, Georgina Jones, Jane O'Kane, Michelle Thomas, Liz Wilson, David Pontin
INTRODUCTION: A health visitor's ability to assess and analyse aspects of family resilience in daily practice is essential to enable practitioners to support families and facilitate positive lifestyle choices, and improve child health and developmental outcomes. The purpose of this research was to undertake an in-depth exploration of the concept of family resilience as understood by health visitors in Wales and to develop a concept map. This knowledge has been used to develop the Family Resilience Assessment Instrument Tool (FRAIT)...
November 2018: Rural and Remote Health
Carol Wahl, Teresa Barry Hultquist, Leeza Struwe, Judy Moore
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to implement a Peer Support Network (PSN) pilot project including education/training, peer support, and resiliency training and to explore how interventions impact compassion satisfaction (CS) and compassion fatigue (CF) in a community hospital. BACKGROUND: CF has been reported to negatively affect nurse retention. The PSN provides a 3-tiered team approach to enhance CS and support nurses experiencing CF symptoms. METHODS: Twenty nurses participated in PSN training and completed preimplementation and 6-week postimplementation surveys: Professional Quality of Life, Compassion Practice Instrument, and self-care resource utilization...
December 2018: Journal of Nursing Administration
L Gao, J Peranson, J Nyhof-Young, E Kapoor, J Rezmovitz
BACKGROUND: The use of improvizational theater ("improv") in health professional education ("medical improv") is an emerging field. However, optimal curricular design features and learning outcomes have not yet been systematically described. OBJECTIVE: To synthesize evidence on learning outcomes and curricular design elements of improvizational theater training in health professions education. METHODS: A literature search with keywords "Improv" and "Improvisational Theatre" was undertaken in January 2016 in Ovid MEDLINE, CINHAL, EMBASE, SCOPUS, Web of Science, and ERIC, with an accompanying gray literature search...
November 14, 2018: Medical Teacher
Muhammad Ali Chaudhary, Justin McCarty, Samir Shah, Zain Hashmi, Edward Caterson, Scott Goldberg, Craig Goolsby, Adil Haider, Eric Goralnick
BACKGROUND: In a decade, the US military reduced deaths from uncontrolled bleeding on the battlefield by 67%. This success, coupled with an increased incidence of mass shootings in the US, has led to multiple initiatives intent on translating hemorrhage-control readiness to the civilian sector. However, the best method to achieve widespread population-level hemorrhage-control readiness for civilians has not yet been elucidated. This study evaluates the implementation of American College of Surgeons Bleeding Control training at a National Football League stadium as a prospective model for general mass gathering site implementation...
November 10, 2018: Surgery
Chenlu Gao, Taylor Terlizzese, Michael K Scullin
Good sleep hygiene practices, including consistent bedtimes and 7-9 h of sleep/night, are theorized to benefit educational learning. However, individuals differ in how much sleep they need, as well as in their chronotype preference. Therefore, some students may be more vulnerable to the cognitive effects of sleep loss, later bedtimes and nonpreferred times of learning than others. One prominent example is the debate regarding whether sleep loss and later bedtimes affect classroom learning more in female or male students...
November 8, 2018: Chronobiology International
Ashley Dixon, Nicole A Silva, Alaba Sotayo, Catherine A Mazzola
OBJECTIVE: Since 2011, more women than men have graduated medical school, yet there remains a paucity of female physicians in surgical specialties. After the 2018 Match, only 17.5% of neurosurgery residents are female. Previous literature document gender inequality, poor medical school exposure, and lack of female mentorship as reasons for this disparity. We sought to further explore factors deterring female medical student interest in neurological surgery. METHODS: A comprehensive survey was created and distributed to the 2017-2018 Rutgers New Jersey Medical School student body, requesting anonymous input from female medical students...
November 1, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Silke Rupprecht, Wibo Koole, Michael Chaskalson, Chris Tamdjidi, Michael West
Current workplace mindfulness research and interventions assume that teaching mindfulness will have beneficial effects for people and organizations. While research shows that mindfulness trainings may increase resilience of working adults, assuming that mindfulness will have independent effects on outcomes at different levels of an organization is not well grounded. We assert that mindfulness training would, however, be beneficial for organizations when tailored to that context and shaped by an understanding of organizational theory and practice...
October 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychology
Rafael H Llinas, Elisabeth B Marsh, Charlene E Gamaldo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 30, 2018: Neurology
Panos Vostanis, Michelle O'Reilly, Charlie Duncan, John Maltby, Elizabeth Anderson
Children exposed to multiple adversities are at high risk of developing complex mental health and related problems, which are more likely to be met through integrated interprofessional working. Combining the expertise of different practitioners for interprofessional care is especially pertinent in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) in the absence of specialist resources. The aim of this study was to work with practitioners who deliver care to vulnerable children in six LMIC (Turkey, Pakistan, Indonesia, Kenya, Rwanda, and Brazil) to understand their perspectives on the content of an interprofessional training programme in building resilience for these children...
October 25, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
Ana-Maria Vranceanu, Emily L Zale, Christopher J Funes, Eric A Macklin, Jessica McCurley, Elyse R Park, Justin T Jordan, Ann Lin, Scott R Plotkin
BACKGROUND: Neurofibromatoses (NF) are rare genetic conditions associated with substantial psychosocial burden and impaired quality of life (QoL). We developed the first NF-tailored mind-body program (the Relaxation Response Resiliency Program for NF) and adapted it for delivery via live videoconferencing to decrease participation barriers and increase its reach. In a pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT), we found that the Relaxation Response Resiliency Program for NF had excellent feasibility and acceptability when delivered via live videoconferencing; furthermore, the Relaxation Response Resiliency Program for NF showed proof of concept in improving QoL compared with an NF-tailored health education control program (the Health Enhancement Program for NF)...
October 23, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Helané Wahbeh, Melissa Nelson
Older adults, a rapidly growing population in the United States, have fewer physiological reserves and are more likely to be affected by stress, making them especially susceptible to depression symptoms. Meditation offers promising potential as an effective treatment; however, few studies have evaluated meditation interventions for this demographic. The objectives of this pilot study were to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of an iRest meditation program in older adults with depression symptoms and to collect preliminary data on its effect on depression and depression- related symptoms compared to a vacation control...
October 24, 2018: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
Hilda Jaka, Elvin Shava
The purpose of this article was to examine the implementation of rural women's livelihoods towards economic empowerment of women in Chivi District of Zimbabwe. A drought-ridden and semi-arid district because of climate change, Chivi District receives very low annual rainfall which impacts negatively on agriculture as the main rural women's livelihood among others such as craftwork, pottery, gardening and poultry projects. Using a case study approach that triangulates interviews, focus groups and documents, the article found out that women faced numerous challenges...
2018: Jàmbá: journal of disaster risk studies
Mitra Tadayon, Saeideh Dabirizadeh, Kourosh Zarea, Nasser Behroozi, Mohamad Hossin Haghighizadeh
INTRODUCTION: Considering the fact that depression in patients with breast cancer increases the severity and complications of medical treatments such as chemotherapy (including fatigue, nausea, and cognitive problems), the identification of its related factors can be one of the important steps in reducing the complications of this disease. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between psychological hardiness and resilience with depression in women with breast cancer...
September 2018: Gulf Journal of Oncology
Amanda D Osta, Marta A King, Janet R Serwint, Susan B Bostwick
Challenging situations and intense emotions are inherent to clinical practice. Failure to address these emotions has been associated with health care provider burnout. One way to combat this burnout and increase resilience is participation in emotional debriefing. Although there are many models of emotional debriefing, these are not commonly performed in clinical practice. We provide a guide for implementing emotional debriefing training, utilizing the AAP Resilience Curriculum, into clinical training programs with a focus on preparing senior residents and fellows to act as debriefing facilitators...
October 18, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
Michelle Cleary, Rachel Kornhaber, Deependra Kaji Thapa, Sancia West, Denis Visentin
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of resilience interventions in improving resilience outcome among health professionals. BACKGROUND: The nature of health professionals' work is physically and emotionally demanding, with trauma a common consequence with the act of providing health care. DESIGN: A systematic review. DATA SOURCE: A comprehensive search of the literature was conducted in February 2018 using PubMed, PsychInfo, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CIHAHL) and Scopus...
October 11, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Philomin Juliana, Osval A Montesinos-López, José Crossa, Suchismita Mondal, Lorena González Pérez, Jesse Poland, Julio Huerta-Espino, Leonardo Crespo-Herrera, Velu Govindan, Susanne Dreisigacker, Sandesh Shrestha, Paulino Pérez-Rodríguez, Francisco Pinto Espinosa, Ravi P Singh
Genomic selection and high-throughput phenotyping (HTP) are promising tools to accelerate breeding gains for high-yielding and climate-resilient wheat varieties. Hence, our objective was to evaluate them for predicting grain yield (GY) in drought-stressed (DS) and late-sown heat-stressed (HS) environments of the International maize and wheat improvement center's elite yield trial nurseries. We observed that the average genomic prediction accuracies using fivefold cross-validations were 0.50 and 0.51 in the DS and HS environments, respectively...
October 19, 2018: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
Cath Taylor, Andreas Xyrichis, Mary C Leamy, Ellie Reynolds, Jill Maben
OBJECTIVES: (i) To synthesise the evidence-base for Schwartz Center Rounds (Rounds) to assess any impact on healthcare staff and identify key features; (ii) to scope evidence for interventions with similar aims, and compare effectiveness and key features to Rounds. DESIGN: Systematic review of Rounds literature; scoping reviews of comparator interventions (action learning sets; after action reviews; Balint groups; caregiver support programme; clinical supervision; critical incident stress debriefing; mindfulness-based stress reduction; peer-supported storytelling; psychosocial intervention training; reflective practice groups; resilience training)...
October 18, 2018: BMJ Open
Briege Casey, Margaret Webb
The relationship between processes of mental health recovery and lifelong learning is an area of increasing international interest. Experiences of transformation, positive effects on self-esteem, self-insight, and empowerment have been identified regarding both endeavors. Recognition of these benefits has stimulated collaborative development of educational programs in personal development, self-efficacy, and recovery principles. The importance of evaluating this educational provision has been emphasized; however, there has been little detailed exploration of students' experiences and perceptions of recovery and learning in the context of recovery education programs...
October 19, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
Jeanette M Bennett, Nicolas Rohleder, Joachim P Sturmberg
BACKGROUND: Resilience in the face of adversity is a human experience that leads to better health, both mentally and physically. We briefly review its historical origins rooted in ecological biology and its adoption into health care. Resilience is the common response to adversity or potential traumatic events. Individual differences in emotion regulation and coping skills as well as social capital and one's physical environment influence a person's ability to achieve resilience. PROPOSED MECHANISM: One potential biopsychosocial measure of resilience includes stress habituation to repeated stress as demonstrated in the laboratory, possibly providing a tool to observe mastery of resilience training in the clinic...
October 18, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
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