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Exercise Performance Randomized Controlled Trial

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528354/comparison-of-the-effectiveness-of-resistance-training-in-women-with-chronic-computer-related-neck-pain-a-randomized-controlled-study
#1
Xiao Li, Caina Lin, Cuicui Liu, Songjian Ke, Qing Wan, Haijie Luo, Zhuxi Huang, Wenjun Xin, Chao Ma, Shaoling Wu
BACKGROUND: Chronic computer-related neck pain is common among office workers. Studies have proposed neck strengthening exercise as a therapy to pain relieving and function improvement. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of different loading resistance trainings and we hypothesized that women with work-related neck pain could benefit more from progressive resistance training for pain and function recovery. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted and subjects characterized by monotonous jobs were recruited...
May 20, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527156/the-effect-of-aerobic-or-aerobic-strength-exercise-on-body-composition-and-functional-capacity-in-patients-with-bmi-%C3%A2-35-after-bariatric-surgery-a-randomized-control-trial
#2
Alireza Hassannejad, Alireza Khalaj, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Mastaneh Rajabian Tabesh, Zahra Alizadeh
BACKGROUND: Although previous studies suggested that bariatric surgery is the most effective and sustainable treatment method for morbid obesity in long term, but without changing in lifestyle, maintaining optimal weight loss is almost impossible. METHODS: Sixty morbid obese patients (BMI ≥ 35) were evaluated before and after 12 weeks of bariatric surgery in order to compare the impact of two different exercise programs on body composition and functional capacity outcomes...
May 19, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521248/designing-and-evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-a-serious-game-for-safe-administration-of-blood-transfusion-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Apphia Jia Qi Tan, Cindy Ching Siang Lee, Patrick Yongxing Lin, Simon Cooper, Lydia Siew Tiang Lau, Wei Ling Chua, Sok Ying Liaw
BACKGROUND: Preparing nursing students for the knowledge and skills required for the administration and monitoring of blood components is crucial for entry into clinical practice. Serious games create opportunities to develop this competency, which can be used as a self-directed learning strategy to complement existing didactic learning and simulation-based strategies. AIM: To describe the development and evaluation of a serious game to improve nursing students' knowledge, confidence, and performance in blood transfusion...
May 6, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520962/systematic-short-term-pulmonary-rehabilitation-before-lung-cancer-lobectomy-a-randomized-trial
#4
Yutian Lai, Jianhua Su, Peiyuan Qiu, Mingming Wang, Kun Zhou, Yuxin Tang, Guowei Che
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to assess the impact of a preoperative 1-week, systematic, high-intensity inpatient exercise regimen on patients with lung cancer who had risk factors for postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs). METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial with 101 subjects of a preoperative, 7-day systematic, integrated, high-intensity pulmonary exercise regimen. The control group received standard preoperative care. We analysed the occurrence of PPCs in both groups as the primary outcome; other outcomes included changes in blood gas, quality of life, peak expiratory flow rate, the 6-min walk distance and others...
May 17, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516519/exercise-training-in-diastolic-heart-failure-ex-dhf-rationale-and-design-of-a-multicentre-prospective-randomized-controlled-parallel-group-trial
#5
Frank Edelmann, Anna Bobenko, Götz Gelbrich, Gerd Hasenfuss, Christoph Herrmann-Lingen, André Duvinage, Silja Schwarz, Meinhard Mende, Christiane Prettin, Tobias Trippel, Ruhdja Lindhorst, Daniel Morris, Elisabeth Pieske-Kraigher, Kathleen Nolte, Hans-Dirk Düngen, Rolf Wachter, Martin Halle, Burkert Pieske
Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a common disease with high incidence and increasing prevalence. Patients suffer from functional limitation, poor health-related quality of life, and reduced prognosis. A pilot study in a smaller group of HFpEF patients showed that structured, supervised exercise training (ET) improves maximal exercise capacity, diastolic function, and physical quality of life. However, the long-term effects of ET on patient-related outcomes remain unclear in HFpEF. The primary objective of the Exercise training in Diastolic Heart Failure (Ex-DHF) trial is to investigate whether a 12 month supervised ET can improve a clinically meaningful composite outcome score in HFpEF patients...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515974/the-effect-of-fatigue-on-upper-quarter-y-balance-test-scores-in-recreational-weightlifters-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Trenton D Salo, Eric Chaconas
BACKGROUND: A paucity of research currently exists for upper extremity return to sport testing. The Upper Quarter Y-Balance Test (YBT-UQ) is a clinical test of closed kinetic chain performance with demonstrated reliability. Prior investigations of the YBT-UQ were conducted with individuals in a resting state and no comparison to performance in a fatigued state has been conducted. PURPOSE: To examine the effect of upper extremity fatigue on the performance of the YBT-UQ in recreational weightlifters...
April 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515794/influence-of-a-home-based-exercise-program-on-the-urine-ph-in-elderly-female-subjects-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Yuichiro Nishida, Keitaro Tanaka, Megumi Hara, Noriko Hirao, Hiroaki Tanaka, Takuro Tobina, Masaharu Ikeda, Hiroshi Yamato, Masanori Ohta
BACKGROUND: A low urine pH is a characteristic metabolic feature of metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effects of a 12-week home-based bench step exercise on the urine pH status of elderly female subjects. METHODS: The current study is a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) in which 59 postmenopausal female subjects were randomized to either the exercise group (n = 29) or the control group (n = 30)...
2017: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515079/impact-of-acetaminophen-consumption-and-resistance-exercise-on-extracellular-matrix-gene-expression-in-human-skeletal-muscle
#8
Shivam H Patel, Andrew C D'Lugos, Erica R Eldon, Donald Curtis, Jared M Dickinson, Chad C Carroll
Acetaminophen (APAP) given during chronic exercise reduces skeletal muscle collagen and cross-linking in rats. We propose that the effect of APAP on muscle ECM may, in part, be mediated by dysregulation of the balance between matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of MMPs (TIMPs). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of APAP consumption during acute resistance exercise (RE) on several regulators of the ECM in human skeletal muscle. In a double-blinded, placebo-controlled, randomized cross-over design, recreationally active men (n=8, 25±2yr) performed two trials of knee extension...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514618/aerobic-or-resistance-exercise-or-both-in-dieting-obese-older-adults
#9
Dennis T Villareal, Lina Aguirre, A Burke Gurney, Debra L Waters, David R Sinacore, Elizabeth Colombo, Reina Armamento-Villareal, Clifford Qualls
BACKGROUND: Obesity causes frailty in older adults; however, weight loss might accelerate age-related loss of muscle and bone mass and resultant sarcopenia and osteopenia. METHODS: In this clinical trial involving 160 obese older adults, we evaluated the effectiveness of several exercise modes in reversing frailty and preventing reduction in muscle and bone mass induced by weight loss. Participants were randomly assigned to a weight-management program plus one of three exercise programs - aerobic training, resistance training, or combined aerobic and resistance training - or to a control group (no weight-management or exercise program)...
May 18, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513268/effects-of-volume-training-on-strength-and-endurance-of-back-muscles-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Leonardo Shigaki, Cynthia Gobbi Alves Araújo, Mariane Guizeline Calderon, Thais Karoline Cezar Costa, Andreo Fernando Aguiar, Leonardo Oliveira Pena Costa, Rubens A da Silva
CONTEXT: Strength/resistance training volume has historically been supported in the American College of Sports Medicine recommendations. However, for the back muscles, exercise prescription related to the number of sets, such as single vs. multiple, is not well established in the literature. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of two training volumes on strength and endurance of back extensor muscles in untrained young participants, with regard to a repeated measures design...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506775/supervised-or-unsupervised-rehabilitation-after-total-hip-replacement-provides-similar-improvements-for-patients-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Corinne Coulter, Diana M Perriman, Teresa M Neeman, Paul N Smith, Jennifer M Scarvell
OBJECTIVE: To determine do patients do better with unsupervised home PT or in an outpatient setting Are the outcomes after a supervised (centre-based) and an independent (home-based) physical rehabilitation program delivered in the early post-discharge phase (<8weeks) equivalent in an adult THR population. SETTING: Acute care public hospital in the region, supporting a population of almost 540,000. DESIGN: Single blinded randomised controlled trial...
May 12, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505994/effect-of-three-dimensional-spine-stabilization-exercise-on-trunk-muscle-strength-and-gait-ability-in-chronic-stroke-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Sung-Jun Moon, Tae-Ho Kim
BACKGROUND: Three-dimensional spine stabilization exercise can strengthen the trunk muscles with minimal spine movement. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of the newly developed Spine Balance three-dimensional (3D) system on trunk strength and gait abilities of chronic stroke patients. METHODS: Twenty-four chronic stroke patients were randomly assigned to an experimental (n = 12) or control group (n = 12). The experimental and control groups performed spine stabilization exercise by using the newly developed Spine Balance 3D system and the well-known Bridge exercise thrice a week for 30 min per day for 7 weeks...
May 11, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505956/regression-of-lumbar-disc-herniation-by-physiotherapy-does-non-surgical-spinal-decompression-therapy-make-difference-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Aynur Demirel, Mehmet Yorubulut, Nevin Ergun
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study determining whether or not Non-invasive Spinal Decompression Therapy (NSDT) was effective in resorption of herniation, increasing disc height in patients with lumbar disc herniation (LHNP). METHODS: A total of twenty patients diagnosed as LHNP and suffering from pain at least 8 weeks were enrolled to the study. Patients were allocated in study (SG) and control groups (CG) randomly. Both groups received combination of electrotherapy, deep friction massage and stabilization exercise for fifteen session...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505029/treatment-options-for-failed-back-surgery-syndrome-fbss-patients-with-refractory-chronic-pain-an-evidence-based-approach
#14
Kasra Amirdelfan, Lynn Webster, Lawrence Poree, Vishad Sukul, Porter McRoberts
STUDY DESIGN: A significant number of lumbar post-surgical patients continue to suffer persistent pain and limited function and are termed to have "Failed back surgery syndrome" (FBSS). This review evaluates clinical trial data for the treatment of FBSS patients. OBJECTIVE: Using an evidence-based approach to evaluate FBSS treatments will assist clinicians in choosing the most effective options for FBSS patients. Furthermore, reducing the utilization of less effective therapies may result in substantial financial savings for this patient population...
April 12, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503015/development-and-pilot-randomized-control-trial-of-a-drama-program-to-enhance-well-being-among-older-adults
#15
Raeanne C Moore, Elizabeth Straus, Sheena I Dev, Steven M Parish, Seema Sueko, Lisa T Eyler
OBJECTIVE: Develop a novel theatre-based program and test its feasibility, tolerability, and preliminary efficacy for improving empathy/compassion and well-being among older adults. METHOD: Thirteen older adults were randomized to a 6-week Drama Workshop (DW) program or time-equivalent Backstage Pass (BP) control condition. Pre- and post-treatment measures included empathy, compassion, and mood scales. Additional post-treatment measures included self-rated change in empathy/compassion, confidence, and affect...
February 2017: Arts in Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501537/effects-of-exercise-on-liver-fat-and-metabolism-in-alcohol-drinkers
#16
David Houghton, Kate Hallsworth, Christian Thoma, Sophie Cassidy, Timothy Hardy, Sarah Heaps, Kieren G Hollingsworth, Roy Taylor, Christopher P Day, Steve Masson, Stuart McPherson, Quentin M Anstee, Michael I Trenell
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Exercise is an important component of obesity associated disorders and has been shown to reduce markers of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, little is known about how these effects are influenced by alcohol intake. We performed a randomized controlled trial to investigate the effects of exercise on hepatic triglyceride content (HTGC) and metabolism in overweight or obese patients who consume alcohol. METHODS: We performed a prospective study of 27 patients (mean age 54±11years, body mass index [BMI], 31±4kg/m2) with >5% HTGC in the United Kingdom, consuming alcohol (mean 221±75 g/week)...
May 10, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496411/calf-compression-sleeves-change-biomechanics-but-not-performance-and-physiological-responses-in-trail-running
#17
Hugo A Kerhervé, Pierre Samozino, Fabrice Descombe, Matthieu Pinay, Guillaume Y Millet, Marion Pasqualini, Thomas Rupp
Introduction: The aim of this study was to determine whether calf compression sleeves (CS) affects physiological and biomechanical parameters, exercise performance, and perceived sensations of muscle fatigue, pain and soreness during prolonged (~2 h 30 min) outdoor trail running. Methods: Fourteen healthy trained males took part in a randomized, cross-over study consisting in two identical 24-km trail running sessions (each including one bout of running at constant rate on moderately flat terrain, and one period of all-out running on hilly terrain) wearing either degressive CS (23 ± 2 mmHg) or control sleeves (CON, <4 mmHg)...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494809/the-ped-t-trial-protocol-the-effect-of-physical-exercise-and-dietary-therapy-compared-with-cognitive-behavior-therapy-in-treatment-of-bulimia-nervosa-and-binge-eating-disorder
#18
Therese Fostervold Mathisen, Jan H Rosenvinge, Gunn Pettersen, Oddgeir Friborg, KariAnne Vrabel, Solfrid Bratland-Sanda, Mette Svendsen, Trine Stensrud, Maria Bakland, Rolf Wynn, Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen
BACKGROUND: Sufferers from bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED) underestimate the severity risk of their illness and, therefore, postpone seeking professional help for years. Moreover, less than one in five actually seek professional help and only 50% respond to current treatments, such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). The impetus for the present trial is to explore a novel combination treatment approach adapted from physical exercise- and dietary therapy (PED-t)...
May 12, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493228/-multimodal-therapy-of-fibromyalgia-syndrome-updated-guidelines-2017-and-overview-of-systematic-review-articles
#19
M Schiltenwolf, U Eidmann, V Köllner, T Kühn, M Offenbächer, F Petzke, M Sarholz, M Weigl, B Wolf, W Häuser
BACKGROUND: The regular update of the guidelines on fibromyalgia syndrome, AWMF number 145/004, was scheduled for April 2017. METHODS: The guidelines were developed by 13 scientific societies and 2 patient self-help organizations coordinated by the German Pain Society. Working groups (n = 8) with a total of 42 members were formed balanced with respect to gender, medical expertise, position in the medical or scientific hierarchy and potential conflicts of interest...
May 10, 2017: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490871/home-noninvasive-positive-pressure-ventilation-with-built-in-software-in-stable-hypercapnic-copd-a-short-term-prospective-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Luqian Zhou, Xiaoying Li, Lili Guan, Jianhua Chen, Bingpeng Guo, Weiliang Wu, Yating Huo, Ziqing Zhou, Zhenyu Liang, Yuqi Zhou, Jie Tan, Xin Chen, Yuanlin Song, Rongchang Chen
BACKGROUND: The benefits of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) in patients with hypercapnic COPD are controversial. It is presumed that methodology and appropriate use of NIV ventilator might be crucial for the outcomes. With the new built-in software, the performance of NIV can be monitored at home, which can guarantee the compliance and appropriate use. This study investigated effects of home use of NIV in hypercapnia in COPD patients using the NIV ventilator with built-in software for monitoring...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
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