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Exercise Performance Randomized Controlled Trial

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106573/effects-of-strengthening-exercise-integrated-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-on-motor-function-recovery-in-subacute-stroke-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Hyun Gyu Cha, Myoung Kwon Kim
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of strengthening exercise integrated repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on motor function recovery in subacute stroke patients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Thirty subacute stroke patients were randomly assigned to three groups: an ankle strengthening exercise group (group I), ankle strengthening exercise integrated rTMS group (group II), or an rTMS group (control group (CG)). Study subjects received therapy five days per week for eight weeks...
January 13, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099587/non-invasive-ventilation-in-patients-with-heart-failure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Hugo Souza Bittencourt, Helena França Correia Dos Reis, Melissa Santos Lima, Mansueto Gomes
Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) may perfect respiratory and cardiac performance in patients with heart failure (HF). The objective of the study to establish, through systematic review and meta-analysis, NIV influence on functional capacity of HF patients. A systematic review with meta-analysis of randomized studies was carried out through research of databases of Cochrane Library, SciELO, Pubmed and PEDro, using the key-words: heart failure, non-invasive ventilation, exercise tolerance; and the free terms: bi-level positive airway pressure (BIPAP), continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), and functional capacity (terms were searched for in English and Portuguese) using the Boolean operators AND and OR...
January 16, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095077/running-performance-with-nutritive-and-non-nutritive-sweetened-mouth-rinses
#3
Keely H Hawkins, Sridevi Krishnan, Lara Ringos, Vanessa Garcia, Jamie A Cooper
: Mouth rinsing (MR) with carbohydrate during exercise has been shown to act as an ergogenic aid. PURPOSE: To investigate if nutritive or nonnutritive sweetened MR affect exercise performance, and to assess the influence of sweetness intensity on endurance performance during a time-trial (TT). METHODS: This randomized, single blinded study had 4 treatment conditions. 16 subjects (9 men, 7 women) completed a 12.8km TT four different times. During each TT, subjects MR and expectorated a different solution at time 0 and every 12...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093920/inspiratory-muscle-training-is-effective-to-reduce-postoperative-pulmonary-complications-and-length-of-hospital-stay-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Filipa Kendall, José Oliveira, Bárbara Peleteiro, Paulo Pinho, Pedro Teixeira Bastos
PURPOSE: This study systematically review and meta-analyse the effectiveness of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) to reduce postoperative pulmonary complications (PPC) and length of hospital stay (LOS), both in the preoperative and/or postoperative periods of cardiac, pulmonary, and abdominal surgical patients. Sensitive analysis was performed to examine which patients benefit more from IMT according to methodological features (quality of studies and sample size), patient's characteristics (pulmonary risk stratification, age, and body mass index), type of surgery, period of training, and training protocols (training doses and level of supervision)...
January 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092056/a-randomised-placebo-controlled-crossover-study-investigating-the-effects-of-nicotine-gum-on-strength-power-and-anaerobic-performance-in-nicotine-na%C3%A3-ve-active-males
#5
Toby Mündel, Marine Machal, Darryl J Cochrane, Matthew J Barnes
BACKGROUND: Nicotine use amongst athletes is high and increasing, especially team sports, yet the limited previous studies investigating the performance consequences of this behaviour have not examined the effects of the principal active ingredient, nicotine, per se. Therefore, we determined whether nicotine gum affected muscular and anaerobic performance. METHODS: Nine active males (24 ± 3 years) completed three trials in a random order in which 20 min prior to testing they chewed 2 mg (NIC-2), 4 mg (NIC-4) nicotine or flavour-matched placebo (PLA) gum...
December 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079430/multimodal-prehabilitation-improves-functional-capacity-before-and-after-colorectal-surgery-for-cancer-a-five-year-research-experience
#6
Enrico Maria Minnella, Guillaume Bousquet-Dion, Rashami Awasthi, Celena Scheede-Bergdahl, Francesco Carli
BACKGROUND: Multimodal prehabilitation is a preoperative conditioning intervention in form of exercise, nutritional assessment, whey protein supplementation, and anxiety-coping technique. Despite recent evidence suggesting that prehabilitation could improve functional capacity in patients undergoing colorectal surgery for cancer, all studies were characterized by a relatively small sample size. The aim of this study was to confirm what was previously found in three small population trials...
January 12, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079394/the-positive-emotions-after-acute-coronary-events-behavioral-health-intervention-design-rationale-and-preliminary-feasibility-of-a-factorial-design-study
#7
Jeffery C Huffman, Ariana M Albanese, Kirsti A Campbell, Christopher M Celano, Rachel A Millstein, Carol A Mastromauro, Brian C Healy, Wei-Jean Chung, James L Januzzi, Linda M Collins, Elyse R Park
BACKGROUND: Positive psychological constructs, such as optimism, are associated with greater participation in cardiac health behaviors and improved cardiac outcomes. Positive psychology interventions, which target psychological well-being, may represent a promising approach to improving health behaviors in high-risk cardiac patients. However, no study has assessed whether a positive psychology intervention can promote physical activity following an acute coronary syndrome. OBJECTIVE: In this article we will describe the methods of a novel factorial design study to aid the development of a positive psychology-based intervention for acute coronary syndrome patients and aim to provide preliminary feasibility data on study implementation...
November 1, 2016: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078503/efficacy-of-pulsed-nd-yag-laser-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Mohamed Salaheldien Mohamed Alayat, Tarek Helmy Ahmed Aly, Aly Elsayed Mohamed Elsayed, Ammar Suliman Mohamed Fadil
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of pulsed Nd:YAG laser plus glucosamine/chondroitin sulfate (GCS) in patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) by examining changes in pain and knee function, as well as synovial thickness (ST) and femoral cartilage thickness (FCT). Sixty-seven male patients participated, with a mean (SD) age of 53.85 (4.39) years, weight of 84.01 (4.70) kg, height of 171.51 (3.96) cm, and BMI of 28.56 (1.22). Group 1 was treated with high-intensity laser therapy (HILT), GCS, and exercises (HILT + GCS + EX)...
January 11, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076926/yoga-treatment-for-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain
#9
REVIEW
L Susan Wieland, Nicole Skoetz, Karen Pilkington, Ramaprabhu Vempati, Christopher R D'Adamo, Brian M Berman
BACKGROUND: Non-specific low back pain is a common, potentially disabling condition usually treated with self-care and non-prescription medication. For chronic low back pain, current guidelines state that exercise therapy may be beneficial. Yoga is a mind-body exercise sometimes used for non-specific low back pain. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of yoga for treating chronic non-specific low back pain, compared to no specific treatment, a minimal intervention (e...
January 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075422/inflammation-cardiometabolic-markers-and-functional-changes-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-12-month-exercise-program-for-prostate-cancer-men
#10
Katarzyna Hojan, Eliza Kwiatkowska-Borowczyk, Ewa Leporowska, Piotr Milecki
INTRODUCTION    Previous studies have shown that physical exercise in cancer patients during radiotherapy (RT) and androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) improves cardiac fitness and quality of life (QoL), and reduces fatigue but it is still not entirely known how it affects inflammation or metabolic factors and what its consequences are in prostate cancer (PCa) patients. OBJECTIVES    Effect of a 12-month physical exercise program on inflammatory and cardiometabolic factors, and on functional status in PCa patients undergoing RT and ADT...
January 10, 2017: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075038/effect-of-aerobic-exercise-on-cancer-associated-cognitive-impairment-a-proof-of-concept-rct
#11
K L Campbell, J W Y Kam, S E Neil-Sztramko, T Liu Ambrose, T C Handy, H Lim, S Hayden, L Hsu, A A Kirkham, C C Gotay, D C McKenzie, L A Boyd
BACKGROUND: Change in cognitive ability is a commonly reported side effect by breast cancer survivors (BCS). The underlying etiology of cognitive complaints is unclear and to date there is limited evidence for effective intervention strategies. Exercise has been shown to improve cognitive function in older adults and animal models treated with chemotherapy. This proof-of-concept randomized controlled trial (RCT) tested the effect of aerobic exercise versus usual lifestyle on cognitive function in postmenopausal BCS...
January 11, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072707/psychosocial-effects-of-workplace-physical-exercise-among-workers-with-chronic-pain-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Lars L Andersen, Roger Persson, Markus D Jakobsen, Emil Sundstrup
While workplace physical exercise can help manage musculoskeletal disorders, less is known about psychosocial effects of such interventions. This aim of this study was to investigate the effect of workplace physical exercise on psychosocial factors among workers with chronic musculoskeletal pain.The trial design was a 2-armed parallel-group randomized controlled trial with allocation concealment. A total of 66 slaughterhouse workers (51 men and 15 women, mean age 45 years [standard deviation (SD) 10]) with upper limb chronic musculoskeletal pain were randomly allocated to group-based strength training (physical exercise group) or individual ergonomic training and education (reference group) for 10 weeks...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063976/effect-of-jaw-opening-exercise-on-prevention-of-temporomandibular-disorders-pain-associated-with-oral-appliance-therapy-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#13
Hiroyuki Ishiyama, Shusuke Inukai, Akira Nishiyama, Masayuki Hideshima, Shuhei Nakamura, Meiyo Tamaoka, Yasunari Miyazaki, Kenji Fueki, Noriyuki Wakabayashi
PURPOSE: There are no studies on the prevention of temporomandibular joint and/or masticatory muscle pain (TMD pain) associated with oral appliance (OA) therapy in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The aim of this study was to determine the effect of jaw-opening exercise on TMD pain associated with OA therapy in OSA patients. METHODS: Twenty-five OSA patients without pain-related TMD were consecutively enrolled into a two-arm, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060528/-learning-can-improve-the-blood-glucose-control-performance-for-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#14
Youqing Wang, Jinping Zhang, Fanmao Zeng, Na Wang, Xiaoping Chen, Bo Zhang, Dong Zhao, Wenying Yang, Claudio Cobelli
BACKGROUND: A learning-type artificial pancreas has been proposed to exploit the repetitive nature in the blood glucose dynamics. We clinically evaluated the efficacy of the learning-type artificial pancreas. METHODS: We conducted a pilot clinical study in 10 participants of mean age 36.1 years (standard deviation [SD] 12.7; range 16-58) with type 1 diabetes. Each trial was conducted for eight consecutive mornings. The first two mornings were open-loop to obtain the individualized parameters...
January 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058230/outcomes-in-randomized-controlled-trials-of-exercise-interventions-in-solid-organ-transplant
#15
Tania Janaudis-Ferreira, Sunita Mathur, Stacey Konidis, Catherine M Tansey, Cecile Beaurepaire
AIM: To identify the outcome measures that have been used in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of exercise training in solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients and to link these outcomes to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) framework. METHODS: Electronic literature searches of MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane, Scopus, and Web of Science were performed. We sought RCTs that investigated the effect of exercise training in SOT recipients...
December 24, 2016: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054262/does-photobiomodulation-therapy-is-better-than-cryotherapy-in-muscle-recovery-after-a-high-intensity-exercise-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#16
Thiago De Marchi, Vinicius Mazzochi Schmitt, Guilherme Pinheiro Machado, Juliane Souza de Sene, Camila Dallavechia de Col, Olga Tairova, Mirian Salvador, Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior
This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) and cryotherapy, in isolated and combined forms, as muscle recovery techniques after muscle fatigue-inducing protocol. Forty volunteers were randomly divided into five groups: a placebo group (PG); a PBMT group (PBMT); a cryotherapy group (CG); a cryotherapy-PBMT group (CPG); and a PBMT-cryotherapy group (PCG). All subjects performed four sessions at 24-h intervals, during which they submitted to isometric assessment (MVC) and blood collection in the pre-exercise period, and 5 and 60 min post-exercise, while the muscle fatigue induction protocol occurred after the pre-exercise collections...
January 5, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045554/an-aerobic-exercise-program-for-young-people-with-cerebral-palsy-in-specialist-schools-a-phase-i-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Stacey L Cleary, Nicholas F Taylor, Karen J Dodd, Nora Shields
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety, adherence, and estimates of effect of an aerobic exercise program in specialist schools for young people with cerebral palsy. METHODS: Nineteen students with cerebral palsy were randomly allocated to an intervention group who completed an aerobic exercise program (27 sessions over nine weeks) or a control group who completed social/art activities over the same time. RESULTS: There were no serious adverse events and the exercise program was completed with high rates of attendance (77%) and adherence to target heart rate zones (79%)...
January 3, 2017: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042020/strength-training-to-enhance-early-recovery-steer-following-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#18
Eileen Danaher Hacker, Eileen Collins, Chang Park, Tara Peters, Pritesh Patel, Damiano Rondelli
Intensive cancer treatment followed by hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT) results in moderate to severe fatigue and physical inactivity leading to diminished functional ability. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of an exercise intervention, Strength Training to Enhance Early Recovery (STEER), on physical activity, fatigue, muscle strength, functional ability, and quality of life following HCT. This single-blind, randomized clinical trial compared strength training (n = 33) to usual care plus attention-control with health-education (n = 34)...
December 29, 2016: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039074/caffeine-stimulates-voluntary-wheel-running-in-mice-without-increasing-aerobic-capacity
#19
Gerald C Claghorn, Zoe Thompson, Kristianna Wi, Lindsay Van, Theodore Garland
The "energy drink" Red Bull and the "sports drink" Gatorade are often marketed to athletes, with claims that they cause performance gains. However, both are high in sugars, and also consumed by non-athletes. Few studies have addressed the effects of these drinks or their biologically active components in rodent exercise models. We used three experiments to test effects on both voluntary exercise behavior and maximal aerobic capacity in lines of mice known to differ in "athletic" traits. Mice from four replicate High Runner (HR) lines have been selectively bred for voluntary running on wheels, and run approximately three times as many revolutions per day as do mice from four non-selected Control (C) lines...
December 28, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033302/the-efficacy-of-isometric-resistance-training-utilizing-handgrip-exercise-for-blood-pressure-management-a-randomized-trial
#20
Debra J Carlson, Jodie Inder, Suresh K A Palanisamy, James R McFarlane, Gudrun Dieberg, Neil A Smart
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension is a major risk factor contributing to cardiovascular disease, which is the number one cause of deaths worldwide. Although antihypertensive medications are effective at controlling blood pressure, current first-line treatment for hypertension is nonpharmacological lifestyle modifications. Recent studies indicate that isometric resistance training (IRT) may also be effective for assisting with blood pressure management. The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of IRT for blood pressure management and the suitability of a low-intensity working control group...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
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