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Exercise Performance Randomized Controlled Trial

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211952/long-term-experience-with-first-generation-implantable-neurostimulation-device-in-central-sleep-apnea-treatment
#1
Henrik Fox, Thomas Bitter, Dieter Horstkotte, Olaf Oldenburg, Klaus-Jürgen Gutleben
BACKGROUND: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR) are associated with shorter survival in patients with heart failure (HF). A novel treatment method for this patient group is unilateral phrenic nerve stimulation by the remedē® system, a transvenously implantable neurostimulation device, which has recently been studied in a large randomized, controlled trial. Previous literature has shown efficacy and safety of the treatment with this first-generation device, but hardly any data is available on long-term clinical parameters, the remedē® device's battery lifetime, device exchangeability, lead position stability, surgical accessibility and manageability...
February 17, 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209728/evaluation-of-cell-therapy-on-exercise-performance-and-limb-perfusion-in-peripheral-artery-disease-the-cctrn-patients-with-intermittent-claudication-injected-with-aldh-bright-cells-pace-trial
#2
Emerson C Perin, Michael P Murphy, Keith L March, Roberto Bolli, John Loughran, Phillip C Yang, Nicholas J Leeper, Ronald L Dalman, Jason Q Alexander, Timothy D Henry, Jay H Traverse, Carl J Pepine, R David Anderson, Scott Berceli, James T Willerson, Raja Muthupillai, Amir A Gahremanpour, Ganesh Raveendran, Omaida C Velazquez, Joshua M Hare, Ivonne H Schulman, Vijaykumar S Kasi, William R Hiatt, Bharath Ambale-Venkatesh, João A Lima, Doris A Taylor, Micheline M Resende, Adrian P Gee, April G Durett, Jeannette Bloom, Sara Richman, Patricia G'Sell, Shari Williams, Fouzia Khan, Elsie G Ross, Michelle R Santoso, JoAnne Goldman, Dana Leach, Eileen Handberg, Benjamin Y C Cheong, Nichole A Piece, Darcy DiFede, Barb Bruhn-Ding, Emily Caldwell, Judy Bettencourt, Dejian Lai, Linda B Piller, Lara M Simpson, Michelle Cohen, Shelly L Sayre, Rachel W Vojvodic, Lem Moyé, Ray F Ebert, Robert D Simari, Alan T Hirsch
Background -Atherosclerotic peripheral artery disease (PAD) affects 8-12% of Americans over 65 and is associated with a major decline in functional status, increased myocardial infarction and stroke rates, and increased risk of ischemic amputation. Current treatment strategies for claudication have limitations. PACE is an NHLBI-sponsored, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 2, exploratory clinical trial designed to assess safety and efficacy of autologous bone marrow-derived aldehyde dehydrogenase bright (ALDHbr) cells in PAD patients and to explore associated claudication physiologic mechanisms...
February 16, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209040/-establishment-and-application-effect-appraisement-of-community-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-integrated-management-system
#3
D X Zhao, S Y Chen, Y M Zhou, X C Li, W F Zou, X M Chen, P X Ran
Objective: To establish the COPD community integrated management system suitable for our national situation and assess its effects in the prevention and treatment for COPD. Methods: The COPD community integrated management system based on the electronic management system was established, including the functional modules of preliminary screening for COPD, electronic health record, grading management and dual referral system, ect. Two townships were randomly selected from the rural areas in north Guangdong as Observational Community and Control Community, respectively...
February 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208990/swiss-ball-versus-mat-exercises-for-core-activation-of-transverse-abdominis-in-recreational-athletes
#4
Prateek Srivastav, Nirmala Nayak, Sudeep Nair, Lobsang Bhuti Sherpa, Diana Dsouza
INTRODUCTION: Core stability is an essential component for improving athletic performance and injury prevention. Exercises on a Swiss ball and on the mat are two different ways of improving core stability. Comparison of these methods can help physiotherapists incorporate the better method for athletic training and rehabilitation. AIM: To compare swiss ball and mat exercises for core stability of transverse abdominis in recreational athletes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This pilot randomized control trial was performed on a total of 25 recreational athletes...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208968/school-based-multicomponent-intervention-for-obese-children-in-udupi-district-south-india-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Baby S Nayak, Vinod H Bhat
INTRODUCTION: Childhood obesity and overweight is a global epidemics and has been increasing in the developing countries. Childhood obesity is linked with increased mortality and morbidity independent of adult obesity. Declining physical activity, access to junk food and parenting style are the major determinants of overweight in children. Thus, there is a need for increasing the physical activity of children, educating the parents as well as the children on lifestyle modification. This can be achieved through implementation of multicomponent intervention...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205203/effects-of-different-types-of-exercise-on-body-composition-muscle-strength-and-igf-1-in-the-elderly-with-sarcopenic-obesity
#6
Hung-Ting Chen, Yu-Chun Chung, Yu-Jen Chen, Sung-Yen Ho, Huey-June Wu
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the influence of resistance training (RT), aerobic training (AT), or combination training (CT) interventions on the body composition, muscle strength performance, and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) of patients with sarcopenic obesity. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Community center and research center. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty men and women aged 65-75 with sarcopenic obesity...
February 15, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198729/influence-of-land-or-water-exercise-in-pregnancy-on-outcomes-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Ruben Barakat, Maria Perales, Yaiza Cordero, Mariano Bacchi, Michelle F Mottola
PURPOSE: To compare the cross-sectional results from three experimental studies conducted on land, in water, and mixed form (land + water) during pregnancy on maternal and newborn outcomes. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used to analyze the results of three randomized clinical trials in healthy pregnant women from Madrid (Spain) and Buenos Aires (Argentina). Five hundred-sixty-eight pregnant women were recruited. For each of the studies, the number of women in the Exercise Group (EG) totalled 107 for Study I (land), 49 women for Study II (water), and 101 women for Study III (land + water)...
February 15, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195970/reduction-of-physiological-strain-under-a-hot-and-humid-environment-by-a-hybrid-cooling-vest
#8
Albert P C Chan, Y Yang, Francis K W Wong, Michael C H Yam, Del P Wong, W F Song
Cooling treatment is regarded as one of good practices to provide safe training conditions to athletic trainers in the hot environment. The present study aimed to investigate whether wearing a commercial lightweight and portable hybrid cooling vest that combines air ventilation fans with frozen gel packs was an effective means to reduce participants' body heat strain. In this within-subject repeated measures study, 10 male volunteers participated in two heat-stress trials (one with the cooling vest - COOL condition, and another without - CON condition, in a randomized order) inside a climatic chamber with a controlled ambient temperature 33 °C and relative humidity (RH) 75% on an experimental day...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192789/noninvasive-treatments-for-acute-subacute-and-chronic-low-back-pain-a-clinical-practice-guideline-from-the-american-college-of-physicians
#9
Amir Qaseem, Timothy J Wilt, Robert M McLean, Mary Ann Forciea
Description: The American College of Physicians (ACP) developed this guideline to present the evidence and provide clinical recommendations on noninvasive treatment of low back pain. Methods: Using the ACP grading system, the committee based these recommendations on a systematic review of randomized, controlled trials and systematic reviews published through April 2015 on noninvasive pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatments for low back pain. Updated searches were performed through November 2016...
February 14, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187125/aerobic-exercise-for-alzheimer-s-disease-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#10
Jill K Morris, Eric D Vidoni, David K Johnson, Angela Van Sciver, Jonathan D Mahnken, Robyn A Honea, Heather M Wilkins, William M Brooks, Sandra A Billinger, Russell H Swerdlow, Jeffrey M Burns
BACKGROUND: There is increasing interest in the role of physical exercise as a therapeutic strategy for individuals with Alzheimer's disease (AD). We assessed the effect of 26 weeks (6 months) of a supervised aerobic exercise program on memory, executive function, functional ability and depression in early AD. METHODS AND FINDINGS: This study was a 26-week randomized controlled trial comparing the effects of 150 minutes per week of aerobic exercise vs. non-aerobic stretching and toning control intervention in individuals with early AD...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183444/effects-of-lifestyle-interventions-on-clinical-characteristics-of-patients-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-meta-analysis
#11
Christina N Katsagoni, Michael Georgoulis, George V Papatheodoridis, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Meropi D Kontogianni
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Although lifestyle modifications remain the cornerstone therapy for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), the optimal lifestyle intervention is still controversial. The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the effect of exercise and/or dietary interventions, type or intensity of exercise and type of diet, on liver function outcomes (liver enzymes, intrahepatic fat and liver histology), as well as on anthropometric and glucose metabolism parameters in NAFLD patients...
March 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182509/knowledge-of-task-end-point-influences-pacing-and-performance-during-simulated-rugby-league-match-play
#12
Jamie Highton, Thomas Mullen, Craig Twist
PURPOSE: To examine the influence of knowledge of exercise duration on pacing and performance during simulated rugby league match-play. METHODS: Thirteen male university rugby players completed three simulated rugby league matches (RLMSP-i) on separate days in a random order. In a control trial, participants were informed that they would be performing 2 x 23 min bouts (separated by 20 min) of the RLMSP-i (CON). In a second trial, participants were informed that they would be performing 1 x 23 min bout of the protocol, but were then asked to perform another 23 min bout (DEC)...
February 9, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181684/exercise-based-cardiac-rehabilitation-for-adults-with-atrial-fibrillation
#13
REVIEW
Signe S Risom, Ann-Dorthe Zwisler, Pernille P Johansen, Kirstine L Sibilitz, Jane Lindschou, Christian Gluud, Rod S Taylor, Jesper H Svendsen, Selina K Berg
BACKGROUND: Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation may benefit adults with atrial fibrillation or those who had been treated for atrial fibrillation. Atrial fibrillation is caused by multiple micro re-entry circuits within the atrial tissue, which result in chaotic rapid activity in the atria. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms of exercise-based rehabilitation programmes, alone or with another intervention, compared with no-exercise training controls in adults who currently have AF, or have been treated for AF...
February 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179214/self-management-support-program-for-patients-with-cardiovascular-diseases-user-centered-development-of-the-tailored-web-based-program-vascular-view
#14
Saskia Puijk-Hekman, Betsie Gi van Gaal, Sebastian Jh Bredie, Maria Wg Nijhuis-van der Sanden, Sandra van Dulmen
BACKGROUND: In addition to medical intervention and counseling, patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) need to manage their disease and its consequences by themselves in daily life. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to describe the development of "Vascular View," a comprehensive, multi-component, tailored, Web-based, self-management support program for patients with CVD, and how this program will be tested in an early randomized controlled trial (RCT). METHODS: The Vascular View program was systematically developed in collaboration with an expert group of 6 patients, and separately with a group of 6 health professionals (medical, nursing, and allied health care professionals), according to the following steps of the intervention mapping (IM) framework: (1) conducting a needs assessment; (2) creating matrices of change objectives; (3) selecting theory-based intervention methods and practical applications; (4) organizing methods and applications into an intervention program; (5) planning the adaption, implementation, and sustainability of the program, and (6) generating an evaluation plan...
February 8, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169458/outpatient-biofeedback-in-addition-to-home-pelvic-floor-muscle-training-for-stress-urinary-incontinence-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Fátima Faní Fitz, Liliana Stüpp, Thaís Fonseca da Costa, Maria Augusta Tezelli Bortolini, Manoel João Batista Castello Girão, Rodrigo Aquino Castro
AIMS: To test if biofeedback (BF) added to pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) increases the frequency of home exercises performed by women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI). METHODS: 72 incontinent women were randomized to BF (outpatient BF + home PFMT) or PFMT (outpatient PFMT + home PFMT) groups. ASSESSMENTS: baseline, after 3 months of supervised treatment, at 9-month follow-up (after six additional months of home PFMT only)...
February 7, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167196/effects-of-pilates-exercise-on-general-health-of-hemodialysis-patients
#16
Zahra Rahimimoghadam, Zahra Rahemi, Neda Mirbagher Ajorpaz, Zohre Sadat
Pilates is a type of exercise which has recently drawn exercise and health experts' attention. They have noticed that it can improve hemodialysis patients' general health. A clinical trial study was performed. Fifty hemodialysis patients were randomly assigned to intervention and control groups. A demographic information questionnaire and a general health questionnaire (GHQ-28) were completed by the two groups at the beginning of the study. Then, modified Pilates exercises were carried out in the intervention group three times a week over a period of eight weeks...
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167180/pilates-increases-isokinetic-muscular-strength-of-the-elbow-flexor-and-extensor-muscles-of-older-women-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#17
Laís Campos de Oliveira, Deise Aparecida de Almeida Pires-Oliveira, Amanda Coutinho Abucarub, Letícia Siqueira Oliveira, Raphael Gonçalves de Oliveira
INTRODUCTION: The number of elderly people is growing and the practice of physical exercise, such as Pilates, contributes to increased muscular strength and functional autonomy in this population. OBJECTIVE: To verify the influence of Pilates on the isokinetic muscular strength of the elbow flexors and extensors, and on the functionality of the upper limbs, of older women. METHOD: Thirty volunteers were randomized into two groups-Pilates group (PG) and Control Group (CG)...
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166118/all-extremity-exercise-training-improves-arterial-stiffness-in-older-adults
#18
Han-Kyul Kim, Chueh-Lung Hwang, Jeung-Ki Yoo, Moon-Hyon Hwang, Eileen M Handberg, John W Petersen, Wilmer W Nichols, Sofia Sofianos, Demetra D Christou
: Large elastic arteries stiffen with age which predisposes older adults to increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Aerobic exercise training is known to reduce the risk for cardiovascular disease, but the optimal exercise prescription for attenuating large elastic arterial stiffening in older adults is not known. PURPOSE: The purpose of this randomized controlled trial was to compare the effect of all-extremity high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) on aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV) and carotid artery compliance in older adults...
February 4, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161306/a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-exercise-during-pregnancy-to-prevent-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-and-improve-pregnancy-outcome-in-overweight-and-obese-pregnant-women
#19
Chen Wang, Yumei Wei, Xiaoming Zhang, Yue Zhang, Qianqian Xu, Yiying Sun, Shiping Su, Li Zhang, Chunhong Liu, Yaru Feng, Chong Shou, Kym J Guelfi, John P Newnham, Huixia Yang
BACKGROUND: Obesity and being overweight are becoming epidemic, and indeed, the proportion of such women of reproductive age has increased in recent times. Being overweight or obese prior to pregnancy is a risk factor for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), and increases the risk of adverse pregnancy outcome for both mothers and their offspring. Furthermore, the combination of GDM with obesity/overweight status may increase the risk of adverse pregnancy outcome attributable to either factor alone...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160084/neuromuscular-adaptations-to-sprint-interval-training-and-the-effect-of-mammalian-omega-3-fatty-acid-supplementation
#20
Evan J H Lewis, Frédéric Stucky, Peter W Radonic, Adam H Metherel, Thomas M S Wolever, Greg D Wells
PURPOSE: Sprint interval training (SIT) stimulates rapid metabolic adaptations within skeletal muscle but the nature of neuromuscular adaptions is unknown. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (N-3 PUFA) are suggested to enhance neuromuscular adaptations to exercise. METHODS: We measured the neuromuscular adaptations to SIT (Study-1) and conducted a placebo-controlled randomized double blinded study to determine the effect of N-3 PUFA supplementation on neuromuscular adaptations to SIT (Study-2)...
February 3, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
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