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Exercise Performance Randomized Controlled Trial

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937272/effects-of-movement-music-therapy-with-a-percussion-instrument-on-physical-and-frontal-lobe-function-in-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Nobuko Shimizu, Tomohiro Umemura, Masahiro Matsunaga, Takayoshi Hirai
OBJECTIVES: We tested the hypothesis that performing a rhythmic physical task accompanied by a cognitive task, such as multitask movement music therapy (MMT) involving repetitive rhythmic movement with a musical instrument (the Naruko clapper), may improve pre-frontal cortex (PFC) function and cognitive performance. METHOD: Forty-five older adult participants with MCI (74.62 ± 5.05 years) participated in this randomized, controlled, single-blind intervention trial...
September 22, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936703/cross-education-of-muscular-strength-following-unilateral-resistance-training-a-meta-analysis
#2
A Manca, D Dragone, Z Dvir, Franca Deriu
PURPOSE: Cross-education (CE) of strength is a well-known phenomenon whereby exercise of one limb can induce strength gains in the contralateral untrained limb. The only available meta-analyses on CE, which date back to a decade ago, estimated a modest 7.8% increase in contralateral strength following unilateral training. However, in recent years new evidences have outlined larger contralateral gains, which deserve to be systematically evaluated. Therefore, the aim of this meta-analysis was to appraise current data on CE and determine its overall magnitude of effect...
September 21, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934966/effectiveness-of-an-interactive-telerehabilitation-system-with-home-based-exercise-training-in-patients-after-total-hip-or-knee-replacement-study-protocol-for-a-multicenter-superiority-no-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Sarah Eichler, Sophie Rabe, Annett Salzwedel, Steffen Müller, Josefine Stoll, Nina Tilgner, Michael John, Karl Wegscheider, Frank Mayer, Heinz Völler
BACKGROUND: Total hip or knee replacement is one of the most frequently performed surgical procedures. Physical rehabilitation following total hip or knee replacement is an essential part of the therapy to improve functional outcomes and quality of life. After discharge from inpatient rehabilitation, a subsequent postoperative exercise therapy is needed to maintain functional mobility. Telerehabilitation may be a potential innovative treatment approach. We aim to investigate the superiority of an interactive telerehabilitation intervention for patients after total hip or knee replacement, in comparison to usual care, regarding physical performance, functional mobility, quality of life and pain...
September 21, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932011/efficacy-of-high-intensity-laser-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-male-with-osteopenia-or-osteoporosis-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#4
Mohamed Salaheldien Mohamed Alayat, Ehab Mohamed Abdel-Kafy, Ahmed Mohamed Elsoudany, Omar Farouk Helal, Mansour Abdullah Alshehri
[Purpose] To investigate the effect of high intensity laser therapy, alone or combined with exercise on pain, health related quality of life and fall risk in male with osteopenia or osteoporosis. [Subjects and Methods] 100 male patients with osteopenia or osteoporosis participated in the study. They had T-scores ≤-1.5. Patients were randomly assigned into four groups and treated with laser plus exercise, placebo laser plus exercise, laser alone and placebo laser in groups I, II, III, and IV respectively. Laser was applied to the lower back and hip regions...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931976/effectiveness-of-dry-needling-versus-a-classical-physiotherapy-program-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-single-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Emİne Handan Tüzün, Sıla Gıldır, Ender Angın, Büşra Hande Tecer, Kezban Öztürk Dana, Mehtap Malkoç
[Purpose] We compared the effectiveness of dry needling with a classical physiotherapy program in patients with chronic low-back pain caused by lumbar disc hernia (LHNP). [Subjects and Methods] In total, 34 subjects were allocated randomly to the study (n=18) and control groups (n=16). In the study group, dry needling was applied using acupuncture needles. The control group performed a home exercise program in addition to hot pack, TENS, and ultrasound applications. Pain was assessed with the short form of the McGill Pain Questionnaire...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931439/effects-of-whole-body-vibration-exercise-on-neuromuscular-function-for-individuals-with-knee-osteoarthritis-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Zhangqi Lai, Xueqiang Wang, Seullee Lee, Xihe Hou, Lin Wang
BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a leading cause of public disability. Neuromuscular function contributes to the development and/or progression of KOA. Whole body vibration (WBV) exercise improve the neuromuscular function of patients with neurological disorders and even that of older patients with limited exercise options. Therefore, WBV exercise may offer an efficient and alternative treatment for individuals with KOA. However, the effects of WBV training on the neuromuscular function of individuals with KOA remain unclear...
September 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930827/comparative-efficacy-and-safety-of-oral-antidiabetic-drugs-and-insulin-in-treating-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-an-updated-prisma-compliant-network-meta-analysis
#7
Hui-Ling Liang, Shu-Juan Ma, Yan-Ni Xiao, Hong-Zhuan Tan
BACKGROUND: The safety and efficacy of different drugs in treatment of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) patients who could not maintain normal glucose level only through diet and exercise remains to be debated. We performed this network meta-analysis (NAM) to compare and rank different antidiabetic drugs in glucose level control and pregnancy outcomes in GDM patients. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and Embase up to December 31, 2016...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924353/respiratory-muscle-strength-in-idiopathic-scoliosis-after-training-program
#8
Vera Lúcia Dos Santos Alves, Osmar Avanzi
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the impact of a physiotherapy protocol in maximum inspiratory and expiratory pressure in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) by manovacuometry. AIS may change the respiratory dynamics and the performance of inspiratory and expiratory muscles, affecting ventilatory capacity. METHODS: Patients with AIS aged 10 to 20 years old were randomly assigned to receive an aerobic exercise-training program or no treatment. They were evaluated for respiratory muscle strength before and after the treatment period by means of manovacuometry, thorax and spine radiographs...
November 2016: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919843/the-effects-of-phenylalanine-on-exercise-induced-fat-oxidation-a-preliminary-double-blind-placebo-controlled-crossover-trial
#9
Keisuke Ueda, Chiaki Sanbongi, Makoto Yamaguchi, Shuji Ikegami, Takafumi Hamaoka, Satoshi Fujita
BACKGROUND: When combined with exercise, dietary amino acid (AA) supplementation is an effective method for accelerating fat mobilization. However, the effects of single AAs combined with exercise on fat oxidation remains unclear. We hypothesized that consumption of a specific amino acid, L- phenylalanine, may result in the secretion of glucagon, and when combined with exercise may promote fat oxidation. METHODS: Six healthy, active male volunteers were randomized in a crossover study to ingest either phenylalanine (3 g/dose) or placebo...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919335/the-effect-of-resistance-exercise-on-sleep-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#10
REVIEW
Ana Kovacevic, Yorgi Mavros, Jennifer J Heisz, Maria A Fiatarone Singh
Impaired sleep quality and quantity are associated with future morbidity and mortality. Exercise may be an effective non-pharmacological intervention to improve sleep, however, little is known on the effect of resistance exercise. Thus, we performed a systematic review of the literature to determine the acute and chronic effects of resistance exercise on sleep quantity and quality. Thirteen studies were included. Chronic resistance exercise improves all aspects of sleep, with the greatest benefit for sleep quality...
July 19, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914562/the-effect-of-regular-aquatic-exercise-on-blood-pressure-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#11
Yutaka Igarashi, Yoshie Nogami
Background No meta-analysis has examined the effect of regular aquatic exercise on blood pressure. The purpose of this study was to perform a meta-analysis to evaluate the effects of regular aquatic exercise on blood pressure. Design A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Methods Databases were searched for literature published up to April 2017. The randomized controlled trials analysed involved healthy adults, an intervention group that only performed aquatic exercise and a control group that did not exercise, no other intervention, and trials indicated mean systolic blood pressure or diastolic blood pressure...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905640/neurobiological-mechanisms-of-exercise-and-psychotherapy-in-depression-the-speed-study-rationale-design-and-methodological-issues
#12
Stephan Heinzel, Michael A Rapp, Thomas Fydrich, Andreas Ströhle, Christina Terán, Gunnar Kallies, Melanie Schwefel, Andreas Heissel
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Even though cognitive behavioral therapy has become a relatively effective treatment for major depressive disorder and cognitive behavioral therapy-related changes of dysfunctional neural activations were shown in recent studies, remission rates still remain at an insufficient level. Therefore, the implementation of effective augmentation strategies is needed. In recent meta-analyses, exercise therapy (especially endurance exercise) was reported to be an effective intervention in major depressive disorder...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903738/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-physical-activity-with-individual-goal-setting-and-volunteer-mentors-to-overcome-sedentary-lifestyle-in-older-adults-at-risk-of-cognitive-decline-the-indigo-trial-protocol
#13
Kay L Cox, Elizabeth V Cyarto, Christopher Etherton-Beer, Kathryn A Ellis, Helman Alfonso, Linda Clare, Danny Liew, David Ames, Leon Flicker, Osvaldo P Almeida, Dina LoGiudice, Nicola T Lautenschlager
BACKGROUND: Increasing physical activity (PA) effectively in those who are inactive is challenging. For those who have subjective memory complaints (SMC) or mild cognitive impairment (MCI) this is a greater challenge necessitating the need for more engaging and innovative approaches. The primary aim of this trial is to determine whether a home-based 6-month PA intervention with individual goal-setting and peer mentors (GM-PA) can significantly increase PA levels in insufficiently active older adults at increased risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD)...
September 13, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902115/repeated-high-intensity-cycling-performance-is-unaffected-by-timing-of-carbohydrate-ingestion
#14
Ren-Jay Shei, Hunter L Paris, Christopher P Beck, Robert F Chapman, Timothy D Mickleborough
To determine whether carbohydrate feeding taken immediately before, early, or late in a series of high-intensity cycling exercises affected cycling performance 16 trained, male cyclists (> 6hr post-prandial) performed three, 4-km cycling time trials (TT1, TT2, TT3) separated by 15 min of active recovery on four separate occasions. Carbohydrate feeding (80g) was given either before TT1 (PRE1), before TT2 (PRE2), before TT3 (PRE3), or not at all (control, CTL). Treatment order was randomized. Sweet-placebo was given prior to the other time trials...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901811/the-efficacy-of-stretching-exercises-to-reduce-posterior-shoulder-tightness-acutely-in-the-postoperative-population-a-single-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Paul A Salamh, Morey J Kolber, Eric J Hegedus, Chad E Cook
BACKGROUND: Posterior shoulder tightness (PST) is a postoperative complication leading to pain, impaired mobility, and reduced function. Despite the potential morbidity associated with PST, no studies have investigated the efficacy of shoulder-stretching methods in the postsurgical population. The purpose of this study was to determine the short-term efficacy of two stretches designed to reduce PST. METHODS: The study enrolled 63 patients [mean age 51 (12) years, height 173...
September 13, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901118/randomized-controlled-trial-of-maximal-strength-training-vs-standard-rehabilitation-following-total-knee-arthroplasty
#16
Vigdis S Husby, Olav A Foss, Otto S Husby, Siri B Winther
BACKGROUND: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) alleviates pain, but muscle strength and function is reduced for a long period postoperatively. AIM: To investigate whether maximal strength training (MST) is more effective in improving muscle strength than standard rehabilitation (SR) after TKA. DESIGN: A randomized, controlled study. SETTING: Community physical therapy centers and University hospital research department. POPULATION: Forty-one adults <75 years with primary, unilateral osteoarthritis of the knee scheduled for TKA...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899341/development-of-a-home-based-training-program-for-post-ward-geriatric-rehabilitation-patients-with-cognitive-impairment-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trail
#17
Martin Bongartz, Rainer Kiss, Phoebe Ullrich, Tobias Eckert, Jürgen Bauer, Klaus Hauer
BACKGROUND: Geriatric patients with cognitive impairment (CI) show an increased risk for a negative rehabilitation outcome and reduced functional recovery following inpatient rehabilitation. Despite this obvious demand, evidence-based training programs at the transition from rehabilitation to the home environments are lacking. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of a feasible and cost-effective home-based training program to improve motor performance and to promote physical activity, specifically-tailored for post-ward geriatric patients with CI...
September 12, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893496/the-short-term-effects-of-hot-packs-vs-therapeutic-whirlpool-on-active-wrist-range-of-motion-for-patients-with-distal-radius-fracture-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Mike Szekeres, Joy C MacDermid, Ruby Grewal, Trevor Birmingham
STUDY DESIGN: Blinded randomized controlled trial. INTRODUCTION: It is generally accepted that heat is beneficial for improving range of motion (ROM). However, the mechanism of action is not clearly understood, and the optimal method of heat application has not been established. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To investigate the immediate effects of using a moist hot pack (MHP) vs therapeutic whirlpool bath (WB) for improving wrist ROM during a therapy session for patients with distal radius fracture...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891743/high-intensity-cardiorespiratory-and-strength-exercises-reduced-emotional-distress-and-fatigue-in-patients-with-axial-spondyloarthritis-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#19
S H Sveaas, I J Berg, C Fongen, S A Provan, H Dagfinrud
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of high-intensity exercise on emotional distress, fatigue, and ability to do a full day's activities in patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). METHOD: A total of 28 physically inactive axSpA patients were randomized to either an exercise group (EG), which performed 12 weeks of cardiorespiratory and strength exercises, or a control group (CG), which received treatment as usual. The outcomes reported in this paper are secondary outcomes in the trial and included emotional distress (General Health Questionnaire-12, 0-36, 36 = worst), fatigue [numeric rating scale (NRS), 0-10, 10 = worst], and ability to do a full day's activities (NRS, 0-10, 10 = worst)...
September 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885372/light-therapy-for-multiple-sclerosis-associated-fatigue-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Farrah J Mateen, Natalie C Manalo, Sara J Grundy, Melissa A Houghton, Gladia C Hotan, Hans Erickson, Aleksandar Videnovic
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is the most commonly reported symptom among multiple sclerosis (MS) patients, more than a quarter of whom consider fatigue to be their most disabling symptom. However, there are few effective treatment options for fatigue. We aim to investigate whether supplemental exposure to bright white light will reduce MS-associated fatigue. METHODS: Eligible participants will have clinically confirmed multiple sclerosis based on the revised McDonald criteria (2010) and a score ≥36 on the Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS)...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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