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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728376/effect-of-condensed-tannins-containing-ficus-infectoria-and-psidium-guajava-leaf-meal-mixture-supplementation-on-nutrient-metabolism-methane-emission-and-performance-of-lambs
#1
A K Pathak, Narayan Dutta, A K Pattanaik, V B Chaturvedi, K Sharma
Objective: The study was conducted to examine the effect of condensed tannins (CT) containing Ficus infectoria and Psidium guajava leaf meal mixture (LMM) supplementation on nutrient metabolism, methane emission and performance of lambs. Methods: Twenty four lambs of ~ 6 months age (average body weight 10.1±0.60 kg) were randomly divided into 4 dietary treatments (CT-0, CT-1, CT-1.5 and CT-2 containing 0, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 percent CT through LMM, respectively) consisting of 6 lambs each in a completely randomized design...
June 27, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728363/effect-of-different-levels-of-protein-concentrates-supplementation-on-the-growth-performance-plasma-amino-acids-profile-and-mtor-cascade-genes-expression-in-early-weaned-yak-calves
#2
Quhani Peng, Nazir Ahmad Khan, B Xue, T H Yan, Z S Ahmad Wang
Objective: Yak is anone of the most important livestock species in the alpine-meadow grasslands of Qinghai-Tibetan plateau. WeThis study evaluated the effects of different levels of protein concentrate supplementation on the growth performance of yak calves, and correlated the growth rate to the changes occurring in the plasma- amino acids, and -insulin profile, and to the signaling activity of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) cascade, in order to characterize the mechanism through which the protein synthesis can be improved in early weaned yaks...
June 27, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727654/growth-and-nutritional-biomarkers-of-preterm-infants-fed-a-new-powdered-human-milk-fortifier-a-randomized-trial
#3
Jacques Rigo, Jean-Michel Hascoët, Claude Billeaud, Jean-Charles Picaud, Fabio Mosca, Amandine Rubio, Elie Saliba, Michaël Radkë, Umberto Simeoni, Bernard Guillois, Virginie de Halleux, Jonathan Jaeger, Laurent Ameye, Nicholas P Hays, Johannes Spalinger
OBJECTIVES: Assess growth and nutritional biomarkers of preterm infants fed human milk (HM) supplemented with a new powdered HM fortifier (nHMF) or a control HM fortifier (cHMF). The nHMF provides similar energy content, 16% more protein (partially hydrolyzed whey), and higher micronutrient levels than the cHMF, along with medium-chain triglycerides and docosahexaenoic acid. METHODS: In this controlled, multicenter, double-blind study, a sample of preterm infants ≤32 weeks or ≤1500 g were randomized to receive nHMF (n = 77) or cHMF (n = 76) for a minimum of 21 days...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725977/the-effect-of-vitamin-d-and-calcium-supplementation-in-pediatric-steroid-sensitive-nephrotic-syndrome
#4
Sushmita Banerjee, Surupa Basu, Ananda Sen, Jayati Sengupta
BACKGROUND: Low serum levels of total 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25(OH)D) occur in nephrotic syndrome (NS). We aimed to assess the effects of vitamin D3 and calcium supplementation on 25(OH)D levels, bone mineralization, and NS relapse rate in children with steroid-sensitive NS. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial (RCT) was performed in children with steroid-sensitive NS. The treatment group received vitamin D3 (60,000 IU orally, weekly for 4 weeks) and calcium supplements (500 to 1,000 mg/day for 3 months) after achieving NS remission...
July 19, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725629/evaluation-the-effect-of-50-and-100%C3%A2-mg-doses-of-cuminum-cyminum-essential-oil-on-glycemic-indices-insulin-resistance-and-serum-inflammatory-factors-on-patients-with-diabetes-type-ii-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#5
Sahar Jafari, Roghieh Sattari, Sa'id Ghavamzadeh
AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of 50 and 100 mg doses of green cumin essential oil on glycemic and inflammatory indices in patients with diabetes type II. METHOD: In this randomized double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial, subjects were divided into three groups after selecting them randomly according to the inclusion criteria: 1 - Cuminum cyminum capsule (100 mg/day,n = 33), 2 - C. cyminum capsule (50 mg/day, n = 33), and 3 - placebo (n = 33)...
July 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725450/various-levels-of-copra-meal-supplementation-with-%C3%AE-mannanase-on-growth-performance-blood-profile-nutrient-digestibility-pork-quality-and-economical-analysis-in-growing-finishing-pigs
#6
H J Kim, S O Nam, J H Jeong, L H Fang, H B Yoo, S H Yoo, J S Hong, S W Son, S H Ha, Y Y Kim
BACKGROUND: To reduce use of main feed ingredient like corn, soy bean meal (SBM) and wheat, alternative ingredients has been studied like copra meal (CM). Production amount of CM which has been high makes CM to be an alternative feed stuff. However, low digestibility on AA and low energy content by high fiber content can be an obstacle for using CM. This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of CM supplementation with β-mannanase on growth performance, blood profile, nutrient digestibility, pork quality and economic analysis in growing-finishing pigs...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724883/calcium-prepartions-do-not-inhibit-allergic-reactions-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Klaudia Matysiak, Michał Matuszewski, Wojciech Feleszko
INTRODUCTION    Massive consumption of dietary supplements, including vitamins and minerals, has recently became a serious public issue in Europe. When ingested, they may negatively affect pharmacological activity of various medications, including anti-allergic drugs. Calcium preparations are well-known and commonly used in some European countries as a popular remedy for allergy-related skin reactions, such as itching, erythema and wheals, as well as insect bites. However, their action has not been reliably proven yet...
June 27, 2017: Polish Archives of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724657/prenatal-lipid-based-nutrient-supplements-do-not-affect-pregnancy-or-childbirth-complications-or-cesarean-delivery-in-bangladesh-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-effectiveness-trial
#8
Malay K Mridha, Susana L Matias, Rina Rani Paul, Sohrab Hussain, Mostofa Sarker, Mokbul Hossain, Janet M Peerson, Stephen A Vosti, Kathryn G Dewey
Background: Pregnancy and childbirth complications and cesarean delivery are common in Bangladesh.Objective: We evaluated the effect of lipid-based nutrient supplements for pregnant and lactating women (LNS-PL) on pregnancy and childbirth complications and cesarean delivery.Methods: We conducted the Rang-Din Nutrition Study, a cluster-randomized controlled effectiveness trial within a community health program in rural Bangladesh. We enrolled 4011 pregnant women in early pregnancy. Women in 48 clusters received iron and folic acid (IFA; 60 mg Fe + 400 μg folic acid/d) and women in 16 clusters received LNS-PL (20 g/d, 118 kcal) containing essential fatty acids and 22 vitamins and minerals...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724644/the-effect-of-magnesium-supplementation-on-blood-pressure-in-individuals-with-insulin-resistance-prediabetes-or-noncommunicable-chronic-diseases-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#9
Daniel T Dibaba, Pengcheng Xun, Yiqing Song, Andrea Rosanoff, Michael Shechter, Ka He
Background: To our knowledge, the effect of magnesium supplementation on blood pressure (BP) in individuals with preclinical or noncommunicable diseases has not been previously investigated in a meta-analysis, and the findings from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have been inconsistent.Objective: We sought to determine the pooled effect of magnesium supplementation on BP in participants with preclinical or noncommunicable diseases.Design: We identified RCTs that were published in English before May 2017 that examined the effect of magnesium supplementation on BP in individuals with preclinical or noncommunicable diseases through PubMed, ScienceDirect, Cochrane, clinicaltrials...
July 19, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724183/physiological-intra-cytoplasmic-sperm-injection-picsi-outcomes-after-oral-pretreatment-and-semen-incubation-with-myo-inositol-in-oligoasthenoteratozoospermic-men-results-from-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
T Korosi, C Barta, K Rokob, T Torok
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the current study was to evaluate the effect of an oral pretreatment with a mix of myo-inositol (Myo-Ins), folic acid, vitamin E, L-carnitine, L-arginine and selenium (Folandrol, Exeltis, Hungary) and subsequent direct Myo-Ins incubation of spermatozoa before Physiological Intra-Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (PICSI) procedures in infertile couples due to oligoasthenoteratozoospermia with previous failed PICSI procedures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a prospective, randomized controlled trial at the Assisted Reproduction Unit of the Kaáli Institute (Győr, Hungary)...
June 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722167/assisted-autogenic-drainage-in-infants-and-young-children-hospitalized-with-uncomplicated-pneumonia-a-pilot-study
#11
Lieselotte Corten, Jennifer Jelsma, Anri Human, Sameer Rahim, Brenda M Morrow
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Pneumonia is the most important respiratory problem in low-to-middle income countries. Airway clearance therapy continues to be used in children with pneumonia and secretion retention; however, there is lack of evidence to support or reject this treatment. This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) on the efficacy and safety of assisted autogenic drainage (AAD) compared to standard nursing care in children hospitalized with uncomplicated pneumonia...
July 19, 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721310/a-pilot-study-to-determine-the-effect-of-an-educational-dvd-in-philippine-languages-on-cancer-clinical-trial-participation-among-filipinos-in-hawai-i
#12
Jamie Q Felicitas-Perkins, Melvin Paul Palalay, Charlene Cuaresma, Reginald Cs Ho, Moon S Chen, Julie Dang, William S Loui
We conducted an experimental pilot study in an oncology clinic in Honolulu, Hawai'i to determine the effect of a culturally-tailored educational DVD on cancer clinical trial participation among Filipino cancer patients. Thirty-seven patients participated in the study, with 17 randomized into the control group (ie, usual education) and 20 into the intervention group (ie, usual education plus educational DVD). Participants completed pre- and post-educational questionnaires with items asking about understanding of several cancer topics, behavioral outcomes, and attitudes regarding several treatment and physician related topics...
July 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721137/beneficial-effects-of-n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-on-adiponectin-levels-and-adipor-gene-expression-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-double-blind-clinical-trial
#13
Maryam Mazaherioun, Ahmad Saedisomeolia, Mohammad Hassan Javanbakht, Fariba Koohdani, Mohammad Reza Eshraghian, Mahmoud Djalali
INTRODUCTION: There is evidence that n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) exert beneficial effects to improve type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), but its complications remain poorly understood. Hypoadiponectinemia is one of the important mechanisms responsible for T2DM which necessitates developing novel therapeutic strategies. We aimed to determine the effect of n-3 PUFA supplementation on circulating adiponectin and mRNA expression of adiponectin receptors (AdipoR1, AdipoR2) and Sirt-1 in T2DM patients...
June 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719823/supplementation-with-dietary-linseed-oil-during-peri-puberty-stimulates-steroidogenesis-and-testis-development-in-rams
#14
REVIEW
Wanhong Li, Defu Tang, Fadi Li, Huaqin Tian, Xiangpeng Yue, Fei Li, Xiuxiu Weng, Wu Sun, Weimin Wang, Futao Mo
Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3 PUFAs), such as α-linolenic acid (ALA), eicosapentaenoic acid, and docosahexaenoic acid, are involved in male reproductive function. In this study, we investigated the effects of linseed oil (LO) as a source of ALA on the steroidogenesis and changes of testicular histology in rams. Sixteen 3-month old rams during peri-puberty were randomly assigned into two groups. Eight rams were assigned as the control group, and the other received LO (4% dry matter of total diet) as the LO treatment group...
July 10, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719669/a-whey-protein-based-multi-ingredient-nutritional-supplement-stimulates-gains-in-lean-body-mass-and-strength-in-healthy-older-men-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Kirsten E Bell, Tim Snijders, Michael Zulyniak, Dinesh Kumbhare, Gianni Parise, Adrian Chabowski, Stuart M Phillips
Protein and other compounds can exert anabolic effects on skeletal muscle, particularly in conjunction with exercise. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of twice daily consumption of a protein-based, multi-ingredient nutritional supplement to increase strength and lean mass independent of, and in combination with, exercise in healthy older men. Forty-nine healthy older men (age: 73 ± 1 years [mean ± SEM]; BMI: 28.5 ± 1.5 kg/m2) were randomly allocated to 20 weeks of twice daily consumption of either a nutritional supplement (SUPP; n = 25; 30 g whey protein, 2...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718008/the-effect-of-vitamin%C3%A2-d-and-calcium-supplementation-on-falls-in-older-adults-a%C3%A2-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Haiting Wu, Qingjiang Pang
OBJECTIVES: A number of studies have hypothesized that vitamin D is a potential factor in the prevention of falls in the elderly; however, the effect of vitamin D is still inconsistent and not quantitative. We conducted this meta-analysis to assess the effect of vitamin D on falls among elderly individuals. METHODS: The PubMed and Cochrane Library databases were searched from the earliest possible year up to December 2016. Two authors working independently reviewed the trials, and odds ratios (ORs) were calculated using a fixed-effect or random-effect model by Review Manager 5...
July 17, 2017: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717811/effect-on-body-weight-quality-of-life-and-appetite-following-individualized-nutritional-counselling-to-home-living-elderly-after-rehabilitation-an-open-randomized-trial
#17
J Andersson, E Hulander, E Rothenberg, P Ole Iversen
OBJECTIVES: We examined if individually-adapted nutritional counselling could prevent > 5% weight loss among elderly patients 3 months after discharge from a rehabilitation institution. In addition we assessed quality of life (QoL) and appetite. DESIGN: An open, randomized trial. SETTING: Godthaab Health and Rehabilitation Institution in Bærum, Norway. PARTICIPANTS: Patients identified as being undernourished or at risk of disease-related malnutrition using the Nutritional Risk Screening tool NRS-2002...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717371/the-effects-of-probiotic-supplement-on-hemoglobin-in-chronic-renal-failure-patients-under-hemodialysis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Zahra Shariaty, Gholam Reza Mahmoodi Shan, Mehran Farajollahi, Monireh Amerian, Naser Behnam Pour
BACKGROUND: Chronic inflammation is one of the causes of anemia in chronic renal failure patients under hemodialysis. Probiotics probably establish a balance between pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines. The study was conducted to determine the effects of probiotic supplementation on hemoglobin (Hb) in hemodialysis patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A parallel clinical trial was conducted in which patients were randomly allocated into two groups. The intervention group (n = 18) was given a 500 mg probiotic supplement (a capsule) every day whereas the control group (n = 18) received placebo (a capsule), both for 3 months...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717347/effect-of-eicosapentaenoic-acids-rich-fish-oil-supplementation-on-motor-nerve-function-after-eccentric-contractions
#19
Eisuke Ochi, Yosuke Tsuchiya, Kenichi Yanagimoto
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the effect of supplementation with fish oil rich in eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on the M-wave latency of biceps brachii and muscle damage after a single session of maximal elbow flexor eccentric contractions (ECC). METHODS: Twenty-one men were completed the randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, and parallel-design study. The subjects were randomly assigned to the fish oil group (n = 10) or control group (n = 11)...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717270/antioxidant-therapy-in-idiopathic-oligoasthenoteratozoospermia
#20
REVIEW
Ahmad Majzoub, Ashok Agarwal
INTRODUCTION: Idiopathic oligoasthenoteratozoospermia (iOAT) is commonly encountered during the evaluation of men with infertility. Antioxidants have been utilized empirically in the treatment of iOAT based on their ability to reverse oxidative stress (OS)-induced sperm dysfunction often encountered in this patient population. METHODS: A literature search was performed using MEDLINE/PubMed, focusing on publications of antioxidant therapies for iOAT. The main objective of our review article was to report the rationale and available evidence supporting the use of antioxidants...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Urology: IJU: Journal of the Urological Society of India
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