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enterocolitis necrotizing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018960/influence-of-stress-factors-on-intestinal-epithelial-injury-and-regeneration
#1
Carol Lee, Adam Minich, Bo Li, Hiromu Miyake, Shogo Seo, Agostino Pierro
PURPOSE: Lgr5+ intestinal epithelial stem cells (ISCs) crucial for intestinal epithelial regeneration are impaired during necrotizing enterocolitis. This study aims to investigate the influence of different stressors on intestinal epithelial injury and regeneration in vitro. METHODS: Intestinal epithelial cells (IEC-18) were exposed to stressors such as lipopolysaccharide, hydrogen peroxide, and serum. Cell viability was assessed using MTT assay at 18 and 24 h...
October 10, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016494/maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-in-indicated-preterm-births-based-on-the-intended-mode-of-delivery
#2
Spencer G Kuper, Rachel A Sievert, Robin Steele, Joseph R Biggio, Alan T Tita, Lorie M Harper
OBJECTIVE: To compare maternal and neonatal outcomes in women who underwent induction of labor or planned cesarean delivery in indicated preterm births before 34 weeks of gestation. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all indicated singleton preterm births (23-34 weeks of gestation) in a tertiary center from 2011 to 2014. The primary maternal outcome was a composite of early postpartum hemorrhage, blood transfusion, operative complications, postpartum complications, and clinical chorioamnionitis...
October 6, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985839/peritoneal-drainage-is-associated-with-higher-survival-rates-for-necrotizing-enterocolitis-in-premature-extremely-low-birth-weight-infants
#3
Jun Tashiro, Amy E Wagenaar, Eduardo A Perez, Juan E Sola
BACKGROUND: To evaluate peritoneal drainage (PD) and laparotomy ± resection/ostomy (LAP) as initial approaches to the surgical management of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in premature, extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. METHODS: Kids' Inpatient Database (2003-2012) was searched for cases of NEC (International Classification of Diseases, ninth revision, Clinical Modification [ICD-9-CM] 777.5x) in premature (<37 weeks), extremely low birth weight (<1000 g) infants...
October 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984754/late-presentation-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis-associated-with-rotavirus-infection-in-a-term-infant-with-hyperinsulinism-on-octreotide-therapy-a-case-report
#4
Abdulaziz A Alsaedi, Ayman A Bakkar, Naglaa M Kamal, Jwaher M Althobiti
RATIONALE: Congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI) is the most common cause of persistent hypoglycemia in infancy that can cause permanent brain damage. Consequently, optimal management is extremely important. Current pharmacologic and surgical treatment were available that included diazoxide and octreotides. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 4 month old Saudi male patient diagnosed at our hospital as CHI, treated with near total pancreatectomy and octreotide therapy of 30 mcg/kg/day presented with severe abdominal distension, vomiting and bloody diarrhea...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983789/acute-kidney-injury-in-necrotizing-enterocolitis-predicts-mortality
#5
Cory N Criss, David T Selewski, Bipin Sunkara, Joshua S Gish, Lily Hsieh, Jennifer S Mcleod, Jason O Robertson, Niki Matusko, Samir K Gadepalli
BACKGROUND: Morbidity and mortality with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) remains a significant challenge. Acute kidney injury (AKI) has been shown to worsen survival in critically ill neonates. To our knowledge, this study is the first to evaluate the prevalence of AKI and its impact on outcomes in neonatal NEC. METHODS: We carried out a single-center retrospective chart review of all neonates treated for NEC between 2003 and 2015 (N = 181). AKI is defined as a rise in serum creatinine (SCr) from a previous trough according to neonatal modified KDIGO criteria (stage 1 = SCr rise 0...
October 5, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979257/multiplexed-lateral-flow-test-for-detection-and-differentiation-of-cronobacter-sakazakii-serotypes-o1-and-o2
#6
Eva J Scharinger, Richard Dietrich, Tobias Wittwer, Erwin Märtlbauer, Kristina Schauer
The ubiquitous and opportunistic pathogen Cronobacter sakazakii is responsible for severe meningitis, sepsis, and necrotizing enterocolitis in neonates and infants associated with ingestion of contaminated powdered infant formula (PIF). The current ISO method for isolation and detection of Cronobacter spp. is laborious, time-consuming and expensive. In this study, a multiplexed lateral flow test strip was developed to rapidly detect and simultaneously serotype O1 and O2 C. sakazakii serotypes. The assay is based on two monoclonal antibodies (MAb) that specifically bind to the lipopolysaccharides (LPS) of these pathogens...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962146/expression-of-mypt1-cpi-17-and-mlc20-in-ileum-of-neonatal-mouse-nec-model-and-its-significance
#7
Yinyu Yin, Yiping Li, Jian Pan, Ruze Tang, Jie Zhu, Zhenfang Qin, Xiaobing Xu, Jian Wang
The present study determined the changes in the expression levels of MYPT1, CPI-17 and MLC20 in the ileum of mice with neonatal induced necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) to provide a basis for a pathogenesis model that includes smooth muscle changes during NEC. A group of 7-day-old BALB/c mice were fed with formula (40 µl/g, 5 times/day) and given hypoxia treatments (5% O2 and 95% N2 for 10 min, twice daily) for 4 days to induce NEC and establish a mouse model. A control group of 7-day-old BALB/c mice were left with their mother for the duration of the treatment...
September 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958252/a-single-institution-study-of-umbilical-vein-complications-and-necrotizing-enterocolitis-in-premature-infants
#8
Mansi Shah, Michael R Phillips, Mia Klein, Amy Marzinsky, Colleen Rice, Matthew Laughon, Sang Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953531/association-of-heparin-binding-egf-like-growth-factor-polymorphisms-with-necrotizing-enterocolitis-in-preterm-infants
#9
Fei Ma, Sitao Li, Hu Hao, Pingmin Gao, Yiheng Dai, Chhetri Himani, Weidong Liu, Xiaoyan Gao, Xin Xiao
Heparin-binding epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like growth factor (HB-EGF) protects the intestines from injury in experimental necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). We hypothesized that polymorphisms in the HB-EGF gene lead to low HB-EGF production in peripheral blood and increased risk of NEC in the Chinese Han population. To test this hypothesis, thirty NEC patients and eighty control subjects were selected. Five HB-EGF single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and its plasma levels were measured by genotyping and ELISA, respectively...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949953/effects-of-probiotics-on-experimental-necrotizing-enterocolitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Gayatri Athalye-Jape, Shripada Rao, Sanjay Patole
BACKGROUND: Meta analyses of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) suggest that probiotics decrease the risk of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm infants. Many animal RCTs have evaluated probiotics for preventing NEC. We systematically reviewed the literature on this topic. METHODS: The protocol for systematic review of animal intervention studies (SYRCLE) was followed. Medline, Embase, ISI Web of Science, e-abstracts from the Pediatric Academic Society meetings and other neonatal conferences were searched in December 2015 and August 2016...
September 26, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948160/prevalence-and-outcome-of-acute-kidney-injury-as-defined-by-the-new-kidney-disease-improving-global-outcomes-guideline-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#11
Maisa Al Malla, Nisha Viji Varghese, Mustafa AlAbdullatif, Hassib Narchi, Mohammad Khassawneh
AIM: To evaluate the prevalence, risk factors and outcome of acute kidney injury (AKI) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. METHODS: In this retrospective study of VLBW infants, we analyzed the prevalence of AKI, as defined by changes in serum creatinine and urine output, associated risk factors and outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 293 VLBW infants (mean gestational age 28.7 wk) were included, of whom 109 weighed less than 1000 g at birth...
September 6, 2017: World Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947327/understanding-the-relationship-between-hospital-volume-and-patient-outcomes-for-infants-with-gastroschisis
#12
Genia Dubrovsky, Greg D Sacks, Scott Friedlander, Steven Lee
BACKGROUND: For many surgical operations, there is a well-established relationship between surgical volume and outcome. We investigated whether this relationship exists for infants with gastroschisis. METHODS: Using the Kids' Inpatient Database for years 2003, 2006, 2009, and 2012, we identified all patients undergoing gastroschisis repair. Controlling for patient characteristics and complexity of disease (comorbid intestinal atresia/perforation, necrotizing enterocolitis, and respiratory distress syndrome), we compared surgical outcomes (mortality, length of stay, and incidence of TPN cholestasis) by hospital volume based on quartile for gastroschisis cases treated per year...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945202/commensal-propionibacterium-strain-uf1-mitigates-intestinal-inflammation-via-th17-cell-regulation
#13
Natacha Colliou, Yong Ge, Bikash Sahay, Minghao Gong, Mojgan Zadeh, Jennifer L Owen, Josef Neu, William G Farmerie, Francis Alonzo, Ken Liu, Dean P Jones, Shuzhao Li, Mansour Mohamadzadeh
Consumption of human breast milk (HBM) attenuates the incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), which remains a leading and intractable cause of mortality in preterm infants. Here, we report that this diminution correlates with alterations in the gut microbiota, particularly enrichment of Propionibacterium species. Transfaunation of microbiota from HBM-fed preterm infants or a newly identified and cultured Propionibacterium strain, P. UF1, to germfree mice conferred protection against pathogen infection and correlated with profound increases in intestinal Th17 cells...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942717/composite-neonatal-and-maternal-morbidities-with-small-versus-appropriate-for-gestational-age-among-uncomplicated-obese-women-undergoing-repeat-cesarean-delivery
#14
Ziad A Haidar, Oscar A Viteri, Susan Hosseini Nasab, Hind N Moussa, Baha M Sibai, Janice E Whitty
PURPOSE: Our goal was to compare composite neonatal and maternal morbidities (composite neonatal morbidity (CNM), composite maternal morbidity (CMM)) among deliveries with small for age (SGA) versus appropriate for gestational age (AGA; birthweight 10-89%) among obese versus non-obese women undergoing repeat cesarean delivery (CD). STUDY DESIGN: This is a secondary analysis of a prospective observational study. Women who had elective CD ≥37 weeks were studied...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932729/a-novel-and-simple-method-using-a-transanal-intestinal-long-tube-for-protecting-intestinal-anastomosis-and-decompressing-the-small-bowel
#15
So Hyun Nam
PURPOSE: I introduce the use of transanal intestinal long tube (TILT) using nasogastric tube. TILT passes from anus to the anastomosis, helping to decompress a dilated bowel loop. METHODS: TILT procedure was limited to those patients predicting a severe luminal size discrepancy after intestinal anastomosis, and who had postoperative prolonged ileus. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 10 infants (7 male an 3 female patients) who were treated using the TILT procedure between 2012 and 2016...
September 2017: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921168/chromosomal-abnormalities-affect-the-surgical-outcome-in-infants-with-hypoplastic-left-heart-syndrome-a-large-cohort-analysis
#16
Dala Zakaria, Xinyu Tang, Rupal Bhakta, Nahed O ElHassan, Parthak Prodhan
Patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) can have associated genetic abnormalities. This study evaluated the incidence of genetic abnormalities among infants with HLHS and the short-term outcomes of this population during the first hospitalization. This is a retrospective analysis of the multi-center Pediatric Heath Information System database of infants with HLHS who underwent Stage I Norwood, Hybrid, or heart transplant during their first hospitalization from 2004 through 2013. We compared clinical data between infants with and without genetic abnormality, among the three most common chromosomal abnormalities, and between survivors and non-survivors...
September 18, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920020/neonatal-perforated-appendicitis-attributed-to-localized-necrotizing-enterocolitis-of-the-appendix-a-review
#17
Andrew Tumen, Pranit N Chotai, John Matthew Williams, Adrianne Myers-Webb, Ramesh Krishnan, James W Eubanks Iii
Neonatal appendicitis is a rare clinical entity associated with remarkable morbidity and mortality. Appendicular perforation is common and the diagnosis is usually made intra-operatively. The causative etiology of neonatal perforated appendicitis (NPA) is a subject of debate and has not been elucidated. Although many etiologic theories exist, increasing evidence suggests a subset of NPA cases may represent a form of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) localized to the appendix. We herein present a review of the current literature to include cases of NPA attributed to localized NEC...
July 2017: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918659/ureaplasma-associated-prenatal-perinatal-and-neonatal-morbidities
#18
Christine Silwedel, Christian P Speer, Kirsten Glaser
Ureaplasma species (spp.) have been acknowledged as major causative pathogens in chorioamnionitis and prematurity, but may also contribute to key morbidities in preterm infants. Several epidemiological and experimental data indicate an association of neonatal Ureaplasma colonization and/or infection with bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Furthermore, a potential causal relation with other inflammation-induced morbidities, such as intraventricular hemorrhage, white matter injury, necrotizing enterocolitis, and retinopathy of prematurity, has been debated...
November 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916576/withholding-feeds-and-transfusion-associated-necrotizing-enterocolitis-in-preterm-infants-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Bonny Jasani, Shripada Rao, Sanjay Patole
Limited evidence exists to support the withholding of feeds during packed red blood cell (PRBC) transfusion to reduce the incidence of transfusion-associated necrotizing enterocolitis (TANEC) in preterm infants. The aim of the manuscript was to systematically review studies reporting the effect of implementing a policy of withholding feeds on the incidence of TANEC in preterm infants. The following databases were searched for relevant studies published between the databases' inception and December 2016: PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, the Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Pediatric Academic Societies Abstract Archive...
September 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916575/effects-of-probiotics-on-necrotizing-enterocolitis-sepsis-intraventricular-hemorrhage-mortality-length-of-hospital-stay-and-weight-gain-in-very-preterm-infants-a-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Jing Sun, Gayatri Marwah, Matthew Westgarth, Nicholas Buys, David Ellwood, Peter H Gray
Probiotics are increasingly used as a supplement to prevent adverse health outcomes in preterm infants. We conducted a systematic review, meta-analysis, and subgroup analysis of findings from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to assess the magnitude of the effect of the probiotics on health outcomes among very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants. Relevant articles from January 2003 to June 2017 were selected from a broad range of databases, including Medline, PubMed, Scopus, and Embase. Studies were included if they used an RCT design, involved a VLBW infant (birthweight <1500 g or gestational age <32 wk) population, included a probiotic intervention group, measured necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) as a primary outcome, and measured sepsis, mortality, length of hospital stay, weight gain, and intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) as additional outcomes...
September 2017: Advances in Nutrition
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