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HPV, head and neck cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468275/-the-innate-immune-system-in-oropharyngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-immune-modulation-by-hpv
#1
REVIEW
S Wagner, H Böckmann, S Gattenlöhner, J P Klussmann, C Wittekindt
Based on clinical and experimental data, oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas (OPSCC) associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) have been recognized as a distinct entity of head and neck cancers. However, outside of clinical trials, HPV status currently has no impact on treatment. The natural replication cycle of HPV takes place in epithelial cells, and is thus spatially separated from cytotoxic immune cells in the epidermis. Dendritic cells (Langerhans cells, LC), however, are frequent in this upper dermal layer...
February 15, 2018: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460521/hpv-acting-on-e-cadherin-p53-and-p16-literature-review
#2
L Ottria, V Candotto, F Cura, L Baggi, C Arcuri, M Nardone, R M Gaudio, R Gatto, F Spadari, F Carinci
In addition to tobacco and alcohol consumption, the two main risk factors for oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), recent studies have revealed infections with human papilloma virus (HPV) as an additional risk factor for OSCC development. In the field of head and neck malignancies, the prevalence of HPV infections in oropharyngeal cancer (OC) ranges in different studies up to 84%. While HPV infection is discussed as an independent risk factor in this region, its distinguished role in carcinogenesis of tumours localized to the oral cavity remains uncertain...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453519/tricurin-a-synergistic-formulation-of-curcumin-resveratrol-and-epicatechin-gallate-repolarizes-tumor-associated-macrophages-and-triggers-an-immune-response-to-cause-suppression-of-hpv-tumors
#3
Sumit Mukherjee, Rahman Hussaini, Richard White, Doaa Atwi, Angela Fried, Samay Sampat, Longzhu Piao, Quintin Pan, Probal Banerjee
Our earlier studies reported a unique potentiated combination (TriCurin) of curcumin (C) with two other polyphenols. The TriCurin-associated C displays an IC50 in the low micromolar range for cultured HPV+ TC-1 cells. In contrast, because of rapid degradation in vivo, the TriCurin-associated C reaches only low nano-molar concentrations in the plasma, which are sub-lethal to tumor cells. Yet, injected TriCurin causes a dramatic suppression of tumors in TC-1 cell-implanted mice (TC-1 mice) and xenografts of Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma (HNSCC) cells in nude/nude mice...
February 16, 2018: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy: CII
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451891/association-of-an-intact-e2-gene-with-higher-hpv-viral-load-higher-viral-oncogene-expression-and-improved-clinical-outcome-in-hpv16-positive-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#4
Nicole V Anayannis, Nicolas F Schlecht, Miriam Ben-Dayan, Richard V Smith, Thomas J Belbin, Thomas J Ow, Duk M Blakaj, Robert D Burk, Sarah M Leonard, Ciaran B Woodman, Joanna L Parish, Michael B Prystowsky
To assess the relationship of E2 gene disruption with viral gene expression and clinical outcome in human papillomavirus (HPV) positive head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, we evaluated 31 oropharyngeal and 17 non-oropharyngeal HPV16 positive carcinomas using two PCR-based methods to test for disruption of E2, followed by Sanger sequencing. Expression of HPV16 E6, E7 and E2 transcripts, along with cellular ARF and INK4A, were also assessed by RT-qPCR. Associations between E2 disruption, E2/E6/E7 expression, and clinical outcome were evaluated by Kaplan-Meier analysis for loco-regional recurrence and disease-specific survival...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440171/crosstalk-signaling-between-her3-and-hpv16-e6-and-e7-mediates-resistance-to-pi3k-inhibitors-in-head-and-neck-cancer
#5
Toni M Brand, Stefan Hartmann, Neil E Bhola, Hua Li, Yan Zang, Rachel A O'Keefe, Max V Ranall, Sourav Bandyopadhyay, Margaret Soucheray, Nevan J Krogan, Carolyn Kemp, Umamaheswar Duvvuri, Theresa LaVallee, Daniel E Johnson, Michelle A Ozbun, Julie E Bauman, Jennifer R Grandis
Human papillomavirus (HPV) type 16 is implicated in approximately 75% of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC) that arise in the oropharynx, where viral expression of the E6 and E7 oncoproteins promote cellular transformation, tumor growth, and maintenance. An important oncogenic signaling pathway activated by E6 and E7 is the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway, a key driver of carcinogenesis. The PI3K pathway is also activated by mutation or amplification of PIK3CA in over half of HPV(+) HNSCC...
February 12, 2018: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435846/psychosocial-needs-of-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-and-the-role-of-the-clinical-social-worker
#6
Natalie Thome, Nellie Garcia, Karen Clark
In this chapter, we examine the demographics and risk factors in the population diagnosed with head and neck cancer (HNC), what challenges these patients face post-treatment and what the role of psychosocial support through clinical social work is in managing these stressors. While many forms of head and neck cancer found in the early stages have a high cure rate, the side effects of treatment for these cancers have major life-altering effects. Previously, the majority of those diagnosed with head and neck cancers were those who used excessive alcohol and tobacco, but the numbers are changing to include the human papillomavirus (HPV) as a major risk factor...
2018: Cancer Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435129/computational-methods-reveal-novel-functionalities-of-piwi-interacting-rnas-in-human-papillomavirus-induced-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#7
Aswini R Krishnan, Yuanhao Qu, Pin Xue Li, Angela E Zou, Joseph A Califano, Jessica Wang-Rodriguez, Weg M Ongkeko
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the fastest growing cause of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) today, but its role in malignant transformation remains unclear. This study aimed to conduct a comprehensive investigation of PIWI-interacting RNA (piRNA) alterations and functionalities in HPV-induced HNSCC. Using 77 RNA-sequencing datasets from TCGA, we examined differential expression of piRNAs between HPV16(+) HNSCC and HPV(-) Normal samples, identifying a panel of 30 HPV-dysregulated piRNAs...
January 12, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433815/prognostic-significance-of-hpv-status-in-the-re-irradiation-of-recurrent-and-second-primary-cancers-of-the-head-and-neck
#8
Maria A Velez, Pin-Chieh Wang, Sophia Hsu, Robert Chin, Philip Beron, Elliot Abemayor, Maie St John, Allen M Chen
PURPOSE: To evaluate the prognostic significance of human papillomavirus (HPV) status among patients treated by salvage radiation therapy for local-regional recurrences and second primary cancers of the head and neck arising in a previously irradiated field. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The medical records of 54 consecutive patients who underwent re-irradiation for squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck occurring in a previously irradiated field were reviewed. Only patients with biopsy-proven evidence of recurrent disease that had previously been treated with doses of radiation therapy of at least 60 Gy were included...
February 7, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425237/intragenic-dna-methylation-of-pitx1-and-the-adjacent-long-non-coding-rna-c5orf66-as1-are-prognostic-biomarkers-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinomas
#9
Verena Sailer, Arthur Charpentier, Joern Dietrich, Timo J Vogt, Alina Franzen, Friedrich Bootz, Dimo Dietrich, Andreas Schroeck
BACKGROUND: Patients with squamous cell cancer of the head and neck region (HNSCC) are at risk for disease recurrence and metastases, even after initial successful therapy. A tissue-based biomarker could be beneficial to guide treatment as well as post-treatment surveillance. Gene methylation status has been recently identified as powerful prognostic biomarker in HNSCC. We therefore evaluated the methylation status of the homeobox gene PITX1 and the adjacent long intergenic non-coding RNA (lincRNA) C5orf66-AS1 in publicly available datasets...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423084/similarity-and-difference-in-tumor-infiltrating-lymphocytes-in-original-tumor-tissues-and-those-of-in-vitro-expanded-populations-in-head-and-neck-cancer
#10
Lili Ren, Tatsuo Matsuda, Boya Deng, Kazuma Kiyotani, Taigo Kato, Jae-Hyun Park, Tanguy Y Seiwert, Everett E Vokes, Nishant Agrawal, Yusuke Nakamura
Though adoptive tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte (TIL) therapy has been explored in clinical trials for many years, there is little information for the clonotype composition between TILs in original tumor tissues and TILs that were in vitro expanded and infused to cancer patients. To investigate the similarity/difference in TILs in original tumor tissues and those of in vitro expanded populations in squamous cell carcinoma of head and neck (SCCHN) as well as their correlation with somatic mutations in cancer cells, we performed whole exome analysis, expression profile analysis of immune-related genes, and T cell receptor (TCR) analysis of original TILs and in vitro expanded TILs in 8 surgically-resected HPV-negative fresh tumors with SCCHN...
January 9, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420101/leveraging-genomics-for-head-and-neck-cancer-treatment
#11
J D Kemmer, D E Johnson, J R Grandis
The genomic landscape of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) has been recently elucidated. Key epigenetic and genetic characteristics of this cancer have been reported and substantiated in multiple data sets, including those distinctive to the growing subset of human papilloma virus (HPV)-associated tumors. This increased understanding of the molecular underpinnings of HNSCC has not resulted in new approaches to treatment. Three Food and Drug Administration-approved molecular targeting agents are currently available to treat recurrent/metastatic disease, but these have exhibited efficacy only in subsets of HNSCC patients, and thus surgery, chemotherapy, and/or radiation remain as standard approaches...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416738/parp-1-inhibitors-sensitize-hnscc-cells-to-apr-246-by-inactivation-of-thioredoxin-reductase-1-trxr1-and-promotion-of-ros-accumulation
#12
Zhi-Xian Yin, Wei Hang, Gang Liu, Yi-Shu Wang, Xiang-Feng Shen, Qian-Hui Sun, Dong-Dong Li, Yong-Ping Jian, Yang-He Zhang, Cheng-Shi Quan, Qinghua Zeng, Yu-Lin Li, Rui-Xun Zhao, Qiang Ding, Zhi-Xiang Xu
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is the sixth most common cancer worldwide. Mutations of TP53 may reach 70% - 85% in HNSCC patients without human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. Recurrence rate remains particularly high for HNSCC patients with mutations in the TP53 gene although patients are responsive to surgery, irradiation, and chemotherapy early in the treatment. p53-Reactivation and Induction of Massive Apoptosis-1 (PRIMA-1) and its methylated analogue PRIMA-1 Met (also known as APR-246) are quinuclidine compounds that rescue the DNA-binding activity of mutant p53 (mut-p53) and restore the potential of wild-type p53...
January 5, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416641/-pd-l1-cd274-and-pd-l2-pdcd1lg2-promoter-methylation-is-associated-with-hpv-infection-and-transcriptional-repression-in-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinomas
#13
Alina Franzen, Timo J Vogt, Tim Müller, Jörn Dietrich, Andreas Schröck, Carsten Golletz, Peter Brossart, Friedrich Bootz, Jennifer Landsberg, Glen Kristiansen, Dimo Dietrich
Background: DNA methylation of the immune checkpoint gene PD-L1 has recently been shown to be associated with PD-L1 mRNA expression in various malignancies. This study aimed to investigate the association of PD-L1 and PD-L2 methylation with mRNA expression, immune cell infitration, protein expression and human papilloma virus (HPV) infection in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients. Results: DNA methylation of PD-L1 and PD-L2 correlates inversely with mRNA expression ( PD-L1 : p ≤ 0...
January 2, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415020/the-evolution-of-the-epidemiological-landscape-of-head-and-neck-cancer-in-italy-is-there-evidence-for-an-increase-in-the-incidence-of-potentially-hpv-related-carcinomas
#14
Paolo Boscolo-Rizzo, Manuel Zorzi, Annarosa Del Mistro, Maria Cristina Da Mosto, Giancarlo Tirelli, Carlotta Buzzoni, Massimo Rugge, Jerry Polesel, Stefano Guzzinati
The current study aimed to investigate the incidence and survival patterns of HNSCCs arising from different anatomic sites, potentially related (the oropharynx) or unrelated (the oral cavity, the larynx/hypopharynx) to HPV, to provide clues on possible growing impact of HPV in the epidemiology of HNSCC in Italy. Epidemiological data were retrieved from ten long-term Cancer Registries covering a population of 7.8 million inhabitants. Trends were described by means of the estimated annual percent change (APC) stratified by age and gender, and compared between HPV-related and HPV-unrelated anatomical sites...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408738/prevalence-and-genotypes-of-human-papillomavirus-in-saliva-and-tumor-samples-of-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-in-hungary
#15
Andrea Hettmann, Anett Demcsák, Ádám Bach, Gábor Decsi, Ágnes Dencs, Dóra Pálinkó, László Rovó, Gabriella Terhes, Edit Urbán, Krisztina Buzás, Katalin Nagy, Mária Takács, Janos Minarovits
In addition to traditional risk factors such as smoking, alcohol consumption and betel nut use, human papillomavirus (HPV) infection also plays a role in the development of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs). Although among European countries the highest incidence and mortality rates of head and neck cancer types were recorded in Hungary, data regarding HPV prevalence in HNSCCs is scarce. We collected biopsy and saliva samples from patients diagnosed with HNSCC or oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMDs) and tested them for the presence of HPV using the PCR consensus primer set MY09/11 and the GP5+/6+ primer pair...
January 31, 2018: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405297/the-influence-of-smoking-age-and-stage-at-diagnosis-on-the-survival-after-larynx-hypopharynx-and-oral-cavity-cancers-in-europe-the-arcage-study
#16
Renata Abrahão, Devasena Anantharaman, Valérie Gaborieau, Behnoush Abedi-Ardekani, Pagona Lagiou, Areti Lagiou, Wolfgang Ahrens, Ivana Holcatova, Jaroslav Betka, Franco Merletti, Lorenzo Richiardi, Kristina Kjaerheim, Diego Serraino, Jerry Polesel, Lorenzo Simonato, Laia Alemany, Antonio Agudo Trigueros, Tatiana V Macfarlane, Gary J Macfarlane, Ariana Znaor, Max Robinson, Cristina Canova, David I Conway, Sylvia Wright, Claire M Healy, Mary Toner, Gabriella Cadoni, Stefania Boccia, Tarik Gheit, Massimo Tommasino, Ghislaine Scelo, Paul Brennan
Head and neck cancer (HNC) is a preventable malignancy that continues to cause substantial morbidity and mortality worldwide. Using data from the ARCAGE and Rome studies, we investigated the main predictors of survival after larynx, hypopharynx and oral cavity (OC) cancers. We used the Kaplan-Meier method to estimate overall survival, and Cox proportional models to examine the relationship between survival and sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. 604 larynx, 146 hypopharynx and 460 OC cancer cases were included in this study...
February 6, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395313/myosin-1b-promotes-cell-proliferation-migration-and-invasion-in-cervical-cancer
#17
Han-Rong Zhang, Shu-Yu Lai, Li-Jun Huang, Zhen-Fei Zhang, Jie Liu, Si-Rong Zheng, Ke Ding, Xin Bai, Jue-Yu Zhou
OBJECTIVE: Recent evidence suggests an important role of Myosin 1b (Myo1b) in the progression of several cancers, including prostate cancer and head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). However, the contribution of Myo1b to cervical cancer (CC) remains elusive. METHODS: Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), immunohistochemistry and western blotting assays were used to confirm the expression of Myo1b in CC tissues compared with matched non-tumor tissues and CC cells, and analyze its clinical significance...
January 27, 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386013/effect-of-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-and-its-correlation-with-hpv-status-egfr-her-2-neu-and-gadd45-expression-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#18
Manoj Pandey, Krishna Kiran Kannepali, Ruhi Dixit, Mohan Kumar
BACKGROUND: Head and neck cancers are the commonest cancer in Southeast Asia. Despite being a surface cancer, it is associated with significant morbidity as despite early detection by the patients they often report for treatment late and hence are associated with poor prognosis. The role of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in head and neck cancer is still under evaluation; there is a large subgroup of population that does not respond to chemotherapy, and hence, most studies have failed to show any survival benefit...
January 31, 2018: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380908/type-specific-persistence-and-clearance-rates-of-hpv-genotypes-in-the-oral-and-oropharyngeal-mucosa-in-an-hiv-aids-cohort
#19
Itzel Castillejos-García, Velia Ramírez-Amador, Adela Carrillo-García, Alejandro García-Carrancá, Marcela Lizano, Gabriela Anaya-Saavedra
BACKGROUND: Oral high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) infections are frequent and persistent among HIV-positive population and are associated with an increased risk for head and neck cancer (HNC). In this study, we sought to determine the incidence, persistence, and clearance of HPV-infections in oral and oropharyngeal samples from HIV/AIDS subjects. METHODS: A longitudinal, observational, and analytical study was performed with an ongoing cohort of HIV/AIDS subjects in Mexico City (September 2013-February 2015)...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378694/prognostic-significance-of-pd-l1-and-cd8-immune-cells-in-hpv-oropharyngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#20
Benjamin Solomon, Richard J Young, Mathias Bressel, Damien Urban, Shona Hendry, Alesha Thai, Christopher Angel, Afaf Haddad, Marcin Kowanetz, Tsien Fua, June Corry, Stephen Fox, Danny Rischin
Human papilloma virus positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (HPV+ OPSCC) represent a distinct subgroup of head and neck cancers associated with clinical outcomes that are not accurately categorized by existing TNM-based staging methods. Given the significant impact of immune parameters, such as tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in many cancers, we sought to determine if immunophenotyping tumors can improve categorization of HPV+ OPSCCs for prognostic purposes. In a cohort of 190 patients with HPV+ OPSCC, we quantified and determined the localization of CD8+ TILs, as well as PD-L1-expressing tumor cells (TCs) and immune cells (ICs)...
January 29, 2018: Cancer Immunology Research
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