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Taniya Mitra, Fana Alem Kidane, Michael Hess, Dieter Liebhart
The protozoan parasite Histomonas meleagridis is the causative agent of histomonosis in gallinaceous birds, predominantly in turkeys and chickens. Depending on the host species the outcome of the disease can be very severe with high mortality as observed in turkeys, whereas in chickens the mortality rates are generally lower. The disease is known for more than 100 years when in vitro and in vivo investigations started to understand histomonosis and the causative pathogen. For decades histomonosis could be well-controlled by effective drugs for prevention and therapy until the withdrawal of such chemicals for reasons of consumer protection in Europe, the USA and additional countries worldwide...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Allison R Jones, Rakesh P Patel, Marisa B Marques, John P Donnelly, Russell L Griffin, Jean-Francois Pittet, Jeffrey D Kerby, Shannon W Stephens, Stacia M DeSantis, John R Hess, Henry E Wang
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The transfusion of older packed RBCs may be harmful in critically ill patients. We seek to determine the association between packed RBC age and mortality among trauma patients requiring massive packed RBC transfusion. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Pragmatic, Randomized Optimal Platelet and Plasma Ratios trial. Subjects in the parent trial included critically injured adult patients admitted to 1 of 12 North American Level I trauma centers who received at least 1 unit of packed RBCs and were predicted to require massive blood transfusion...
November 14, 2018: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Claus Brandt, Hendrik Nolte, Sinika Henschke, Linda Engström Ruud, Motoharu Awazawa, Donald A Morgan, Paula Gabel, Hans-Georg Sprenger, Martin E Hess, Stefan Günther, Thomas Langer, Kamal Rahmouni, Henning Fenselau, Marcus Krüger, Jens C Brüning
Adaptation of liver to the postprandial state requires coordinated regulation of protein synthesis and folding aligned with changes in lipid metabolism. Here we demonstrate that sensory food perception is sufficient to elicit early activation of hepatic mTOR signaling, Xbp1 splicing, increased expression of ER-stress genes, and phosphatidylcholine synthesis, which translate into a rapid morphological ER remodeling. These responses overlap with those activated during refeeding, where they are maintained and constantly increased upon nutrient supply...
November 15, 2018: Cell
Brooks Ficke, Erin F Ransom, Matthew C Hess, Andrew S Moon, Haley M McKissack, Ashish Shah, Nileshkumar Chaudhari
Introduction Distal radius fractures are common, but the results and complications of treatment with early external fixation and staged open reduction internal fixation have not been previously reported. Materials and methods Patients who received staged distal radius fracture treatment from 1/1/2008 to 12/31/2015 at the University of Alabama at Birmingham were identified. Patient, injury, and treatment characteristics, as well as complications, were collected from the medical record. Results There were 50 fractures in 47 patients, with mean follow-up of 9...
September 10, 2018: Curēus
Michael Hameleers, Linda Bos, Nayla Fawzi, Carsten Reinemann, Ioannis Andreadis, Nicoleta Corbu, Christian Schemer, Anne Schulz, Tamir Shaefer, Toril Aalberg, Sofia Axelsson, Rosa Berganza, Cristina Cremonesi, Stefan Dahlberg, Claes H de Vreese, Agnieszka Hess, Evangelia Kartsounidou, Dominika Kasprowicz, Joerg Matthes, Elena Negrea-Busuioc, Signe Ringdal, Susana Salgado, Karen Sanders, Desirée Schmuck, Jesper Stromback, Jane Suiter, Hajo Boomgaarden, Keren Tenenboim-Weinblatt, Naama Weiss-Yaniv
Although populist communication has become pervasive throughout Europe, many important questions on its political consequences remain unanswered. First, previous research has neglected the differential effects of populist communication on the Left and Right. Second, internationally comparative studies are missing. Finally, previous research mostly studied attitudinal outcomes, neglecting behavioral effects. To address these key issues, this paper draws on a unique, extensive, and comparative experiment in sixteen European countries ( N = 15,412) to test the effects of populist communication on political engagement...
October 2018: International Journal of Press/politics
R B Torbert, J L Burch, T D Phan, M Hesse, M R Argall, J Shuster, R E Ergun, L Alm, R Nakamura, K J Genestreti, D J Gershman, W R Paterson, D L Turner, I Cohen, B L Giles, C J Pollock, S Wang, L-J Chen, J E Stawarz, J P Eastwood, K J Hwang, C Farrugia, I Dors, H Vaith, C Mouikis, A Ardakani, B H Mauk, S A Fuselier, C T Russell, R J Strangeway, T E Moore, J F Drake, M A Shay, Yuri V Khotyaintsev, P-A Lindqvist, W Baumjohann, F D Wilder, N Ahmadi, J C Dorelli, L A Avanov, M Oka, D N Baker, J F Fennell, J B Blake, A N Jaynes, O Le Contel, S M Petrinec, B Lavraud, Y Saito
Magnetic reconnection is an energy conversion process which occurs in many astrophysical contexts including the Earth's magnetosphere, where the process can be investigated in-situ by spacecraft. We present the encounter of a reconnection site in Earth's magnetotail by the Magnetospheric Multiscale spacecraft, where reconnection involves symmetric inflow conditions. The electron-scale plasma measurements revealed i) super-Alfvénic electron jets reaching 15,000 km/s, ii) electron meandering motion and acceleration by the electric field, producing multiple crescent-shaped structures in the velocity distributions, iii) the spatial dimensions of the electron diffusion region with an aspect ratio of 0...
November 15, 2018: Science
Simon Rule, Martin Dreyling, Andre Goy, Georg Hess, Rebecca Auer, Brad Kahl, José-Ángel Hernández-Rivas, Keqin Qi, Sanjay Deshpande, Lori Parisi, Michael Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2018: Haematologica
Neda M Bassir Kazeruni, Andre Laboy, Henry Hess
Traditional engineering and business school courses have different pedagogical emphases. Engineering courses are perceived as technical, dense and require students to provide definitive answers to problems. On the other hand, business school courses aim to increase students' knowledge by confronting them with real-world cases and by encouraging both in- and out-of-the-classroom teamwork, thinking in groups and problem solving. In business school courses, the teaching is directed towards the thought process rather than the final answer itself...
July 2018: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Hayden W Hess, Zachary J Schlader, Lindsey N Russo, Rebeccah N Stansbery, Mary G Carey, David R Pendergast, David Hostler
Introduction: Head-out water immersion (HOWI) results in diuresis, which could potentially limit performance after egress to land. We examined the effect of rehydration on endurance, cardiovascular stability, and overnight recovery following a four-hour thermoneutral HOWI on 12 subjects. Methods: Twelve males completed a crossover design consisting of no hydration, replacement of fluid loss during immersion (RD), and replacement of fluid after the immersion period (RA)...
September 2018: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
Amit R Sharma, David E Weeks
The excited state interatomic potential energy surfaces for Rb + He are computed at the spin-orbit multi-reference configuration interaction level of theory using all-electron basis sets of triple and quadruple-zeta quality that have been contracted for Douglas-Kroll-Hess (DKH) Hamiltonian and includes core-valence correlation. Davidson-Silver corrections (MRCI+Q) are employed to ameliorate size consistency error. An extrapolation of CASSCF energies is performed using the procedure of Karton and Martin whereas extrapolation of correlation energy is performed using an expression involving the inverse powers of (lmax + 1/2), the highest angular momentum value present in the basis set...
November 14, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Pierre Amarenco, Sylvia Haas, Susanne Hess, Paulus Kirchhof, Marc Lambelet, Miriam Bach, Alexander Gg Turpie, A John Camm
Aims: In Europe, the approved rivaroxaban dose for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation is 20 mg once daily (od), with 15 mg od recommended in patients with creatinine clearance [CrCl] 15-49 mL/min. Non-recommended doses are prescribed in real-world practice. This analysis of the XANTUS study assessed outcomes associated with non-recommended dosing and patient characteristics that may have impacted dose choice. Methods and results: Baseline characteristics and 1-year outcomes were compared in 4464/6784 patients with known CrCl, receiving recommended or non-recommended rivaroxaban doses; 3608 (80...
November 13, 2018: European Heart Journal. Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy
Filip Janku, Kenneth R Hess, Timothy A Yap
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2018: JAMA Oncology
Stephanie Gollwitzer, Tamara M Müller, Rüdiger Hopfengärtner, Stephan Rampp, Jasmin Merkel, Mareike Hagge, Jelena Jukic, Johannes Lang, Dominik Madžar, Müjgan Dogan Onugoren, Hagen B Huttner, Stefan Schwab, Hajo M Hamer
PURPOSE: Delayed cerebral ischemia is a major complication after subarachnoid hemorrhage. Our previous study showed that alpha power reduction in continuous quantitative EEG predicts delayed cerebral ischemia. In this prospective cohort, we aimed to determine the prognostic value of alpha power in quantitative EEG for the long-term outcome of patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage. METHODS: Adult patients with nontraumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage were included if admitted early enough for EEG to start within 72 hours after symptom onset...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
Allison Hess-Dunning, Dustin J Tyler
Mechanical, materials, and biological causes of intracortical probe failure have hampered their utility in basic science and clinical applications. By anticipating causes of failure, we can design a system that will prevent the known causes of failure. The neural probe design was centered around a bio-inspired, mechanically-softening polymer nanocomposite. The polymer nanocomposite was functionalized with recording microelectrodes using a microfabrication process designed for chemical and thermal process compatibility...
November 8, 2018: Micromachines
Shlomo Hareli, Mano Halhal, Ursula Hess
Emotion expressions play a central role in social communication, which, by definition is a dynamic process. Social communication involves the exchange of signals with temporal dynamic properties between two or more individuals. Nonetheless, emotion perception research has strongly focused on the study of single, static, unidirectional images. The goal of this research is to illustrate the dynamic nature of emotion communication by showing how the back and forth of a dyadic emotional interaction affects its perception by uninvolved observers...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Fabian B Wadsworth, Taylor Witcher, Caron E J Vossen, Kai-Uwe Hess, Holly E Unwin, Bettina Scheu, Jonathan M Castro, Donald B Dingwell
Magma is a viscoelastic fluid that can support fracture propagation when local shear stresses are high, or relax and flow when shear stresses are low. Here we present experiments to confirm this using synthetic and natural magmatic liquids across eruptive conditions and use Maxwell's linear viscoelasticity to parameterize our results and predict the maximum stresses that can be supported during flow. This model proves universal across a large range of liquid compositions, temperatures, crystallinity and rates of strain relevant to shallow crustal magma ascent...
November 8, 2018: Nature Communications
Mark Quigg, Nicholas M Barbaro, Mariann M Ward, Edward F Chang, Donna K Broshek, John T Langfitt, Guofen Yan, Kenneth D Laxer, Andrew J Cole, Penny K Sneed, Christopher P Hess, Wei Yu, Steven A Newman, Susanne Mueller, Manjari Tripathi, Christiaanne N Heck, John W Miller, Paul A Garcia, Andrew McEvoy, Nathan B Fountain, Vincenta Salanova, Robert C Knowlton, Anto Bagić, Thomas Henry, Siddharth Kapoor, Guy McKhann, Adriana E Palade, Markus Reuber, Evelyn Tecoma
PURPOSE: Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) may be an alternative to anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) for mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE). Visual field defects (VFD) occur in 9-100% of patients following open surgery for MTLE. Postoperative VFD after minimally invasive versus open surgery may differ. METHODS: This prospective trial randomized patients with unilateral hippocampal sclerosis and concordant video-EEG findings to SRS versus ATL. Humphries perimetry was obtained at 24 m after surgery...
October 31, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
Renee N Salas, Jonathan E Slutzman, Cecilia Sorensen, Jay Lemery, Jeremy J Hess
There is consensus among 97% of scientists that anthropogenic climate change is occurring and international agreement of the grave threat it poses.1,2 A Lancet Commission declared climate change "the biggest global health threat of the 21st century" with "potentially catastrophic risk to human health."3,4 Emergency medicine (EM) is already on the frontlines as climate change directly affects our patients, clinical practice, and emergency departments (EDs). This presents EM with a profound leadership opportunity to join our colleagues in the house of medicine to improve health and save lives...
November 8, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Chun-Yu Cheng, Zeeshan Qazi, Danial K Hallam, Basavaraj V Ghodke, Laligam N Sekhar
A 59-yr-old woman presented with a sudden onset of headache with neck pain and stiffness, Hunt and Hess grade 2. Brain computed tomography (CT) showed subarachnoid hemorrhage, Fisher Grade 2. Intra-arterial digital subtraction angiography (IADSA) showed a basilar artery apex aneurysm, dome size 9 mm and neck 3 mm, leaning towards the right, and a dominant right artery of Percheron. Endovascular treatment and microsurgical clipping were both explained to the patient, but she decided to undergo microsurgery due to the durability of treatment...
November 8, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
Luise Hess
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
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