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Migrain Diagnosis and clinical features

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30403276/migraine-like-visual-aura-can-it-be-an-early-onset-symptom-of-astrocytoma
#1
Gökhan Evcili, Muhammed Nur Öğün, Uygar Utku
Photopsia, fortification spectra, and the slow propagation of a scintillating scotoma across the visual field are typical diagnostic features of the visual aura of migraine. In the vast majority of cases, the diagnosis can be made without the need for further investigations. Herein, we report three consecutive cases with an astrocytoma and discuss clinical features of migraine-like visual aura.
October 2018: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30306317/clinical-manifestations-of-hydropic-ear-disease-meni%C3%A3-re-s
#2
Robert Gürkov, Claudia Jerin, Wilhelm Flatz, Rebecca Maxwell
INTRODUCTION: Hydropic ear disease, initially described by and named after Prosper Menière, is one of the most frequent vertigo disorders and one of the most frequent inner ear disorders. It is the syndrome of endolymphatic hydrops which until 2007 could be diagnostically confirmed only by post-mortem histology. In the past, various attempts to formulate clinical diagnostic criteria have been undertaken but were hampered by the inability to ascertain the diagnosis in living patients...
October 10, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30285053/fibromuscular-dysplasia-and-its-neurologic-manifestations-a-systematic-review
#3
Emmanuel Touzé, Andrew M Southerland, Marion Boulanger, Paul-Emile Labeyrie, Michel Azizi, Nabila Bouatia-Naji, Stéphanie Debette, Heather L Gornik, Shazam M Hussain, Xavier Jeunemaitre, Julien Joux, Adam Kirton, Claire Le Hello, Jennifer J Majersik, J Mocco, Alexandre Persu, Aditya Sharma, Bradford B Worrall, Jeffrey W Olin, Pierre-François Plouin
Importance: Data on neurologic manifestations of fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) are rare, and current knowledge remains limited. Objectives: To present a comprehensive review of the epidemiologic characteristics, management, and prognosis of the neurologic manifestations associated with cerebrovascular FMD (ie, involving cervical or intracranial arteries) and to guide future research priorities. Evidence Review: References were identified through searches of PubMed from inception to December 2017 using both the medical subject headings and text words...
October 1, 2018: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30232250/primary-angiitis-of-the-cns-and-reversible-cerebral-vasoconstriction-syndrome-a-comparative-study
#4
Hubert de Boysson, Jean-Jacques Parienti, Jérôme Mawet, Caroline Arquizan, Grégoire Boulouis, Cécilia Burcin, Olivier Naggara, Mathieu Zuber, Emmanuel Touzé, Achille Aouba, Marie-Germaine Bousser, Christian Pagnoux, Anne Ducros
OBJECTIVES: To further improve the distinction between primary angiitis of the CNS (PACNS) and reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS). METHODS: We compared 2 large French cohorts of patients with PACNS (n = 110, retrospectively and prospectively enrolled) and RCVS (n = 173, prospectively enrolled). RESULTS: Patients with RCVS were predominantly female ( p < 0.0001), with migraines ( p < 0.0001), and were more often exposed to vasoactive substances ( p < 0...
October 16, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30224867/cranial-autonomic-features-in-migraine-and-migrainous-features-in-cluster-headache
#5
Derya Uluduz, Semih Ayta, Aynur Özge, Osman Özgür Yalin, Guülhan Örekici Temel, Bahar Taşdelen
Introduction: Limited data about the importance of cranial autonomic features of migraines and migrainous features of cluster headaches are available. Methods: We enrolled 2955 patients with migraine and 93 patients with cluster headache. We explored the autonomic features, including ptosis, lacrimation, rhinorrhea, facial swelling, conjunctival injection, and pupil changes. The presence of migrainous features, such as nausea, vomiting, photophobia, and phonophobia, in cluster headache patients were noted...
September 2018: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30063100/the-neuropsychiatric-phenotype-in-cacna1a-mutations-a-retrospective-single-center-study-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
E Indelicato, W Nachbauer, E Karner, A Eigentler, M Wagner, I Unterberger, W Poewe, M Delazer, S Boesch
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: CACNA1A encodes the α1 subunit of the neuronal calcium channel P/Q. CACNA1A mutations underlie three allelic disorders: familial hemiplegic migraine type 1 (FHM1), episodic ataxia type 2 (EA2) and spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA6). A clear-cut genotype-phenotype correlation is often lacking since clinical manifestations may overlap. Several case reports have described cognitive and behavioral features in CACNA1A disorders, but studies in larger case series are lacking...
July 31, 2018: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30031567/ischaemic-stroke-may-symptomatically-manifest-as-migraine-aura
#7
Michael J Waters, Edmund Cheong, Jim Jannes, Timothy Kleinig
Migraine aura is a common stroke mimic. We hypothesised that some patients with typical migraine aura symptoms might have embolic stroke detected as the precipitant. We identified fourteen patients who presented with symptoms consistent with a clinical diagnosis of migraine aura, but demonstrated subsequent evidence of acute infarction on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In all patients, migraine aura symptoms were not directly attributable to the vascular lesion on MRI. 50% of patients were classified as having an embolic stroke of undetermined source...
September 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29973968/migraine-pain-location-and-measures-of-healthcare-use-and-distress-an-observational-study
#8
Elizabeth Loder, Emma Weizenbaum, Donald Giddon
Introduction: Lateralized pain is a core diagnostic feature of migraine. In previous research, left-sided spinal pain was more frequent and associated with greater emotional distress and healthcare use than right-sided pain. We hypothesized therefore that patients with left-sided head pain might experience higher levels of distress or healthcare use than those with right-sided or bilateral pain. Methods: Medical record information was extracted for 477 randomly selected patients with migraine seen in 2011 in a tertiary headache clinic...
2018: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922214/clinical-features-of-headache-in-patients-with-diagnosis-of-definite-vestibular-migraine-the-vm-phenotypes-projects
#9
Roberto Teggi, Bruno Colombo, Roberto Albera, Giacinto Asprella Libonati, Cristiano Balzanelli, Angel Batuecas Caletrio, Augusto P Casani, Juan Manuel Espinosa-Sanchez, Paolo Gamba, Jose A Lopez-Escamez, Sergio Lucisano, Marco Mandalà, Giampiero Neri, Daniele Nuti, Rudi Pecci, Antonio Russo, Eduardo Martin-Sanz, Ricardo Sanz, Gioacchino Tedeschi, Paola Torelli, Paolo Vannucchi, Giancarlo Comi, Mario Bussi
Migraine is a common neurological disorder characterized by episodic headaches with specific features, presenting familial aggregation. Migraine is associated with episodic vertigo, named Vestibular Migraine (VM) whose diagnosis mainly rely on clinical history showing a temporary association of symptoms. Some patient refers symptoms occurring in pediatric age, defined "episodic symptoms which may be associated with migraine." The aim of this cross sectional observational study was to assess migraine-related clinical features in VM subjects...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921051/-classification-of-acute-vestibular-syndrome
#10
Q X Yao, H Wang, Q Luo, Z D Yu, H B Shi, S K Yin
Objective: To explore the epidemiological characteristics and to help accomplish accurate diagnosis and treatment strategies by analyzing the composition and clinical features of various diseases with acute constant vertigo. Method: We retrospectively analyzed medical records (including name, sex, age, diabetes, hypertension, history of vertigo, family history, etc.),otoneurological examination, vestibular function tests and radiological examination of patients with acute vestibular syndrome.We classified various diseases according to diagnostic criteria, and then analyze the clinical data...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794430/diagnosis-of-vertigo-and-dizziness-syndromes-in-a-neurological-outpatient-clinic
#11
Qi Pan, Yixin Zhang, Ting Long, Wei He, Shanshan Zhang, Yulan Fan, Jiying Zhou
BACKGROUND: Dizziness and vertigo are frequent complaints of outpatients in the neurological department. Our objective was to explore the epidemiological category and clinical features of patients with dizziness or vertigo in the neurological outpatient department of a tertiary hospital. METHODS: We consecutively recruited all patients with dizziness and/or vertigo visiting the neurological outpatient clinic of the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from January 2016 to June 2017...
2018: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720815/hemicrania-continua
#12
REVIEW
Sanjay Prakash, Bansi Adroja
Hemicrania continua (HC) is an indomethacin responsive primary chronic headache disorder which is currently classified as a subtype of trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias (TACs). It is not very uncommon. There are >1000 cases of HC in the literature, and it constitutes 1.7% of total headache in the clinic settings. Misdiagnosis for HC is very common at all clinical settings. A diagnosis of HC is missed even by neurologists and headache specialists. It is characterized by a continuous strictly unilateral headache with superimposed exacerbations...
April 2018: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600549/phenotypes-genotypes-and-the-management-of-paroxysmal-movement-disorders
#13
REVIEW
Laura Silveira-Moriyama, Stjepana Kovac, Manju A Kurian, Henry Houlden, Andrew J Lees, Matthew C Walker, Emmanuel Roze, Alex R Paciorkowski, Jonathan W Mink, Thomas T Warner
As a consequence of the genomic revolution, a large number of publications describing paroxysmal movement disorders have been published in the last few years, shedding light on their molecular pathology. Routine gene testing is not necessary to guide treatment for typical forms of paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia (PKD), paroxysmal nonkinesigenic dyskinesia (PNKD), and episodic ataxia type 1 or 2. It can, however, be helpful in the management of atypical or complex cases, especially for genetic counselling, treatment strategies, and the offer of preimplantation genetic diagnosis...
June 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575668/early-management-of-patients-with-medication-overuse-headache-results-from-a-multicentre-clinical-study
#14
I Corbelli, P Sarchielli, P Eusebi, L M Cupini, S Caproni, P Calabresi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Educational intervention has proved to be effective in reducing drug abuse in uncomplicated medication-overuse headache (MOH). This ancillary of the SAMOHA multicentre study aimed to assess any differences in phenotypic characteristics, type and amount of drugs overused, and comorbidities between patients with MOH who responded to simple advice and those who did not. METHODS: Demographic and clinical headache data of the last 3 months before enrollment of patients were collected and patients were then asked to fill out a daily headache diary for 4 weeks...
August 2018: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562973/helmet-induced-occipital-neuralgia-in-a-military-aviator
#15
Julio A Chalela
BACKGROUND: Headaches among military personnel are very common and headgear wear is a frequently identified culprit. Helmet wear may cause migrainous headaches, external compression headache, other primary cranial neuralgias, and occipital neuralgia. The clinical features and the response to treatment allow distinction between the different types of headaches. Headaches among aviators are particularly concerning as they may act as distractors while flying and the treatment options are often incompatible with flying status...
April 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512871/flunarizine-in-migraine-related-headache-prevention-results-from-200-patients-treated-in-the-uk
#16
N Karsan, D Palethorpe, W Rattanawong, J C Marin, R Bhola, P J Goadsby
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: For over 20 years, as a group we have been using flunarizine in primary headache disorders. Flunarizine is widely used in Europe, but not licensed in the UK. In September 2014, the National Institute for Clinical Excellence published supportive guidelines for flunarizine use in migraine, based on randomized controlled evidence that it is as effective as propranolol and topiramate in adults. METHODS: We reviewed a cohort of adult patients (n = 200) treated with flunarizine from our practice...
June 2018: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460913/-migraine-masks-differential-diagnosis-of-acute-headache
#17
A V Sergeev
Differential diagnosis of migraine, can be difficult, especially of migraine with aura. On the one hand, some diseases can produce symptoms similar to migraine (cerebral aneurysm before rupture, reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome). On the other hand, migraine with aura and some other disorders are conditions that have common pathophysiological mechanisms (e.g., CADASIL and MELAS syndrome, antiphospholipid syndrome). Thirdly, clinical presentations of migraine are often difficult to distinguish from features of other headache conditions (migraine with aura - transient ischemic attack, migraine with visual aura - occipital epilepsy)...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335889/comparison-of-gray-matter-volume-between-migraine-and-strict-criteria-tension-type-headache
#18
Wei-Ta Chen, Kun-Hsien Chou, Pei-Lin Lee, Fu-Jung Hsiao, David M Niddam, Kuan-Lin Lai, Jong-Ling Fuh, Ching-Po Lin, Shuu-Jiun Wang
BACKGROUND: Despite evidently distinct symptoms, tension-type headache (TTH) and migraine are highly comorbid and exhibit many similarities in clinical practice. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether both types of headaches are similar in brain morphology. METHODS: Consecutive patients with TTH and age- and sex-matched patients with migraine and healthy controls were enrolled for brain magnetic resonance imaging examination. Patients with TTH were excluded if they reported any headache features or associated symptoms of migraine...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287036/benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-bppv-in-children-and-adolescents-clinical-features-and-response-to-therapy-in-110-pediatric-patients
#19
Jacob R Brodsky, Sophie Lipson, Jared Wilber, Guangwei Zhou
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to characterize the clinical features and outcomes of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) in the pediatric population. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review. SETTING: Tertiary care center. PATIENTS: One hundred ten patients, aged 5 to 19 years old, diagnosed with BPPV. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Patient demographics, comorbidities, canal involvement, response to treatment, and incidence of recurrence...
March 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285572/characteristics-and-diagnoses-of-acute-headache-in-pregnant-women-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-study
#20
Bianca Raffaelli, Eberhard Siebert, Jeannette Körner, Thomas Liman, Uwe Reuter, Lars Neeb
BACKGROUND: Acute headache is one of the most frequent neurological symptoms in pregnant women. The early diagnosis of underlying secondary conditions has a major influence on patient outcome, especially in emergency settings. However, at the time being no well-established guideline for diagnostic evaluation of acute headache during pregnancy exists. In this study, we aimed to characterize acute headache in pregnant women concerning demographic, clinical, and diagnostic features, and to determine predictors of secondary headache...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
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