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Migrain Diagnosis and clinical features

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861832/cluster-headache-with-accompanying-migraine-like-features-a-possible-clinical-phenotype
#1
Arens Taga, Marco Russo, Gian Camillo Manzoni, Paola Torelli
BACKGROUND: There are limited literature data on migraine-like accompanying features (MLF) in patients with cluster headache (CH). These symptoms are frequently reported by patients and may delay CH diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the occurrence of migraine-like symptoms in an Italian case series of CH patients and to determine whether these features influence the clinical phenotype of CH. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in all consecutive patients referred to the Parma Headache Centre between 1975 and 2013 affected by CH; the cases were subsequently reviewed applying the ICHD3-beta criteria...
November 10, 2016: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777829/non-invasive-neuromodulation-using-time-varying-caloric-vestibular-stimulation
#2
Robert D Black, Lesco L Rogers, Kristen K Ade, Heather A Nicoletto, Heather D Adkins, Daniel T Laskowitz
Caloric vestibular stimulation (CVS) to elicit the vestibulo-ocular reflex has long been used in clinical settings to aid in the diagnosis of balance disorders and to confirm the absence of brainstem function. While a number of studies have hinted at the potential therapeutic applications of CVS, the limitations of existing devices have frustrated that potential. Current CVS irrigators use water or air during short-duration applications; however, this approach is not tenable for longer duration therapeutic protocols or home use...
2016: IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770403/characterising-the-premonitory-stage-of-migraine-in-children-a-clinic-based-study-of-100-patients-in-a-specialist-headache-service
#3
N Karsan, P Prabhakar, P J Goadsby
BACKGROUND: The premonitory stage of migraine attacks, when symptomatology outside of pain can manifest hours to days before the onset of the headache, is well recognised. Such symptoms have been reported in adults in a number of studies, and have value in predicting an impending headache. These symptoms have not been extensively studied in children. We aimed to characterise which, if any, of these symptoms are reported in children seen within a Specialist Headache Service. METHODS: We reviewed clinic letters from the initial consultation of children and adolescents seen within the Specialist Headache Service at Great Ormond Street Hospital between 1999 and 2015 with migraine in whom we had prospectively assessed clinical phenotype data...
December 2016: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754180/ed-08-4-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-hypertensive-emergency-in-children
#4
Lin Shi
According to the seventh report of Joint National Committee (JNC 7), hypertensive emergency (HE), a kind of hypertensive crisis, is defined as a sudden and abrupt elevation in blood pressure so as to cause acute target organ dysfunctions, including central nervous system, cardiovascular system or kidneys. Patients with HE require immediate reduction in markedly elevated blood pressure. Currently, there are no international guidelines for children HE, so the JNC definition is commonly used. Hypertensive emergency in children is rare but a life-threatening emergency...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714802/persistent-and-repetitive-visual-disturbances-in-migraine-a-review
#5
Christoph J Schankin, Michele Viana, Peter J Goadsby
Visual disturbances in migraineurs, such as visual aura, are typically episodic, that is, associated with the headache attack, and overlaid by head pain and other symptoms that impact the patient. In some patients, however, visual symptoms are dominant due to frequency (migraine aura status), duration (persistent migraine aura and other persistent positive visual phenomena), or complexity (visual snow syndrome). These syndromes are more rare and challenging to classify in clinical practice resulting in a lack of systematic studies on pathophysiology and treatment...
October 7, 2016: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670427/cluster-headache-in-greece-an-observational-clinical-and-demographic-study-of-302-patients
#6
Michail Vikelis, Alan M Rapoport
BACKGROUND: Cluster headache (CH) is considered the most excruciating primary headache syndrome; although much less prevalent than migraine, it is not rare as it affects more than 1/1000 people. While its clinical presentation is considered stereotypic, atypical features are often encountered. Internationally, cluster headache is often misdiagnosed, undertreated and mistreated. METHODS: We prospectively studied 302 CH patients, all examined by the same headache specialist...
December 2016: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644255/field-testing-of-the-ichd-3%C3%AE-and-expert-opinion-criteria-for-chronic-migraine
#7
Huahua Jiang, Yong Deng, Yixin Zhang, Jieli Jin, Xueying Kong, Qiuwen Zhu, Kuiyun Wang, Jiying Zhou
BACKGROUND: Chronic headache (CrH) occurs commonly in the population, and chronic migraine (CM) accounts for much of the CrH. Diagnostic criteria for CM remain controversial, and this could lead to undertreatment of CM. The purpose of this study was to analyze the clinical profiles of CM and to field test the International Classification of Headache Disorders-3β criteria (ICHD-3β) and Expert Opinion criteria (EO) for CM application. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of CrH patients in our headache clinic during the period...
December 2016: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643137/ed-08-4-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-hypertensive-emergency-in-children
#8
Lin Shi
According to the seventh report of Joint National Committee (JNC 7), hypertensive emergency (HE), a kind of hypertensive crisis, is defined as a sudden and abrupt elevation in blood pressure so as to cause acute target organ dysfunctions, including central nervous system, cardiovascular system or kidneys. Patients with HE require immediate reduction in markedly elevated blood pressure. Currently, there are no international guidelines for children HE, so the JNC definition is commonly used. Hypertensive emergency in children is rare but a life-threatening emergency...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604306/retinal-vasculopathy-with-cerebral-leukoencephalopathy-and-systemic-manifestations
#9
Anine H Stam, Parul H Kothari, Aisha Shaikh, Andreas Gschwendter, Joanna C Jen, Suzanne Hodgkinson, Todd A Hardy, Michael Hayes, Peter A Kempster, Katya E Kotschet, Ingeborg M Bajema, Sjoerd G van Duinen, Marion L C Maat-Schieman, Paulus T V M de Jong, Marc D de Smet, Didi de Wolff-Rouendaal, Greet Dijkman, Nadine Pelzer, Grant R Kolar, Robert E Schmidt, JoAnne Lacey, Daniel Joseph, David R Fintak, M Gilbert Grand, Elizabeth M Brunt, Helen Liapis, Rula A Hajj-Ali, Mark C Kruit, Mark A van Buchem, Martin Dichgans, Rune R Frants, Arn M J M van den Maagdenberg, Joost Haan, Robert W Baloh, John P Atkinson, Gisela M Terwindt, Michel D Ferrari
Cerebroretinal vasculopathy, hereditary vascular retinopathy, and hereditary endotheliopathy, retinopathy, nephropathy and stroke are neurovascular syndromes initially described as distinct entities. Recently they were shown to be one disease caused by C-terminal frame-shift mutations in TREX1, which was termed 'retinal vasculopathy with cerebral leukodystrophy'. Here we defined the genetic and clinicopathologic spectrum of this clinically and pathophysiologically poorly characterized and frequently misdiagnosed fatal neurovascular disorder...
September 6, 2016: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601378/differentiating-childhood-stroke-from-mimics-in-the-emergency-department
#10
Mark T Mackay, Adriana Yock-Corrales, Leonid Churilov, Paul Monagle, Geoffrey A Donnan, Franz E Babl
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Clinical identification of stroke in the pediatric emergency department is critical for improving access to hyperacute therapies. We identified key clinical features associated with childhood stroke or transient ischemic attack compared with mimics. METHODS: Two hundred and eighty consecutive children presenting to the emergency department with mimics, prospectively recruited over 18 months from 2009 to 2010, were compared with 102 children with stroke or transient ischemic attack, prospectively/retrospectively recruited from 2003 to 2010...
October 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27496265/benign-joint-hypermobility-minimally-impacts-autonomic-abnormalities-in-pediatric-subjects-with-chronic-functional-pain-disorders
#11
Gisela Chelimsky, Katja Kovacic, Pippa Simpson, Melodee Nugent, Donald Basel, Julie Banda, Thomas Chelimsky
OBJECTIVE: To determine if children with benign joint hypermobility (BJH) syndrome and chronic functional pain disorders have more autonomic dysfunction. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review study of pediatric patients seen in the pediatric neurogastroenterology and autonomic clinic who underwent autonomic testing and had either a Beighton score of ≥6 and met Brighton criteria for BJH (with BJH) or a score of ≤2 (no BJH). RESULTS: Twenty-one female subjects (10 without BJH) met inclusion criteria; 64% of BJH had diagnosis confirmed by genetics consultation...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473746/acute-headache-presentations-to-the-emergency-department-a-state-wide-cross-sectional-study
#12
Kevin H Chu, Tegwen E Howell, Gerben Keijzers, Jeremy S Furyk, Robert M Eley, Frances B Kinnear, Ogilvie Thom, Ibrahim Mahmoud, Anthony Ft Brown
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to describe demographic and clinical characteristics including features that were consistent with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), use of diagnostic tests, emergency department (ED) discharge diagnoses, and disposition of adult patients presenting with an acute headache to EDs state-wide across Queensland, Australia. In addition, potential variations in the presentation and diagnostic work up between principal referral and city-regional hospitals were examined...
July 30, 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455010/-study-of-a-cadasil-family-with-migraine-as-the-presenting-symptom
#13
Xiaoxia Hou, Hong Cheng, Qingwen Jin, Qi Niu, Feifei Shen, Juan Yao, Xinsheng Ding
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical features and genetic cause for a family affected with cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL). METHODS: Clinical manifestations, neuroimaging, and genetic analysis were performed. RESULTS: The main clinical features have included stroke, emotional disturbance and history of migraine without progressive memory impairment. A positive family history was confirmed...
August 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27432612/diagnosis-of-primary-headache-in-children-younger-than-6-years-a-clinical-challenge
#14
Roberto Torriero, Alessandro Capuano, Rosanna Mariani, Roberto Frusciante, Samuela Tarantino, Laura Papetti, Federico Vigevano, Massimiliano Valeriani
BACKGROUND: Criteria defined by the International headache Society are commonly used for the diagnosis of the different headache types in both adults and children. However, some authors have stressed some limits of these criteria when applied to preschool age. OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to describe the characteristics of primary headaches in children younger than 6 years and investigate how often the International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD) criteria allow a definitive diagnosis...
July 18, 2016: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27206963/headache-in-military-service-members-with-a-history-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-a-cohort-study-of-diagnosis-and-classification
#15
Alan G Finkel, Juanita A Yerry, John S Klaric, Brian J Ivins, Ann Scher, Young S Choi
INTRODUCTION: Headaches after concussion are highly prevalent, relatively persistent and are being treated like primary headaches, especially migraine. METHODS: We studied all new patients seen between August 2008 and December 2009 assessed by a civilian headache specialist at the TBI Center at Womack Army Medical Center, Fort Bragg, NC. We report sample demographics, injuries and headache characteristics, including time from injury to headache onset, detailed descriptions and International Classification of Headache Disorders second edition primary headache diagnosis type...
May 20, 2016: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27197607/chronic-migraine-responding-to-intravenous-thiamine-a-report-of-two-cases
#16
Sanjay Prakash, Ajai Kumar Singh, Chaturbhuj Rathore
BACKGROUND: Migraine is a risk factor for thiamine deficiency and Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE). WE is a highly underdiagnosed condition. The misdiagnosis is associated more with early or mild WE. The interrelation between migraine and thiamine deficiency is unknown CASE REPORTS: Here, we report two female patients with chronic migraine. During examinations, we also noted clinical signs pertinent with a diagnosis of WE. Both patients had low blood thiamine level...
July 2016: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27106809/adck3-mutations-with-epilepsy-stroke-like-episodes-and-ataxia-a-polg-mimic
#17
O Hikmat, C Tzoulis, P M Knappskog, S Johansson, H Boman, P Sztromwasser, E Lien, E Brodtkorb, D Ghezzi, L A Bindoff
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Defects of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) metabolism cause a variety of disorders ranging from isolated myopathy to multisystem involvement. ADCK3 is one of several genes associated with CoQ10 deficiency that presents with progressive cerebellar ataxia, epilepsy, migraine and psychiatric disorders. Diagnosis is challenging due to the wide clinical spectrum and overlap with other mitochondrial disorders. METHODS: A detailed description of three new patients and one previously reported patient from three Norwegian families with novel and known ADCK3 mutations is provided focusing on the epileptic semiology and response to treatment...
July 2016: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27080086/update-on-new-daily-persistent-headache
#18
REVIEW
Hida Nierenburg, Lawrence C Newman
New daily persistent headache (NDPH) is an uncommon and under-recognized primary headache disorder. Clinically, NDPH may resemble migraine or tension-type headache. Unlike migraine or tension-type headaches, however, a distinguishing feature of NDPH is that the majority of patients with NDPH can pinpoint the exact date of onset of symptoms. While cases can arise de novo, in multiple reports, a viral illness precedes the onset of headache. NDPH has two temporal profiles: a self-limited form that resolves spontaneously without treatment and a refractory, persistent form in which headaches continue unabated for years...
June 2016: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27063957/mastocytosis-in-adulthood-and-neuropsychiatric-disorders
#19
REVIEW
Sophie Georgin-Lavialle, Raphaël Gaillard, Daniela Moura, Olivier Hermine
Patients with mastocytosis can display various disabling general and neuropsychological symptoms among one third of them, including general signs such as fatigue and musculoskeletal pain, which can have a major impact on quality of life. Neurological symptoms are less frequent and mainly consist of acute or chronic headache (35%), rarely syncopes (5%), acute onset back pain (4%), and in a few cases, clinical and radiological symptoms resembling or allowing the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (1.3%). Headaches are associated with symptoms related to mast cell activation syndrome (flushes, prurit, and so forth) and more frequently present as migraine (37...
August 2016: Translational Research: the Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27062619/brain-attacks-and-stroke-in-children
#20
REVIEW
Mark T Mackay, Paul Monagle, Franz E Babl
Emergency physicians are often the first point of contact in children presenting with acute neurological disorders. Differentiating serious disorders, such as stroke, from benign disorders, such as migraine, can be challenging. Clinical assessment influences decision-making, in particular the need for emergent neuroimaging to confirm diagnosis. This review describes the spectrum of disorders causing 'brain attack' symptoms, or acute onset focal neurological dysfunction, with particular emphasis on childhood stroke, because early recognition is essential to improve access to thrombolytic treatments, which have improved outcomes in adults...
February 2016: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
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