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Atrial fibrilation and cancer

Lai Heng Lee
The group of new oral anticoagulants or NOACs, now termed direct oral anticoagulants or DOACs, with their favourable results from large scale phase III clinical trials, represent a major advancement and expanded armamentarium in antithrombotic therapy. Dabigatran, rivaroxaban, apixaban and edoxaban are now in clinical routine use for prevention and treatment of arterial and venous thrombotic diseases as addressed in their clinical trials. Usage of the DOACs is expected to increase as clinicians gain more experience and reassurance with data from the real world studies which are generally consistent with that from clinical trials...
2016: Thrombosis Journal
Kathryn F Flack, Jay Desai, Jennifer M Kolb, Prapti Chatterjee, Lars C Wallentin, Michael Ezekowitz, Salim Yusuf, Stuart Connolly, Paul Reilly, Martina Brueckmann, John Ilgenfritz, James Aisenberg
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding in patients receiving anticoagulation agents can be caused by occult malignancies. We investigated the proportions and features of major GI bleeding (MGIB) events related to occult GI cancers in patients receiving anticoagulation therapy. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Randomized Evaluation of Long Term Anticoagulant Therapy study (conducted between December 2005 and March 2009 in 951 clinical centers in 44 countries worldwide), which compared the abilities of dabigatran vs warfarin to prevent stroke and systemic embolism in 18,113 patients with atrial fibrillation...
October 17, 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Haruka Chino, Yosuke Amano, Yasuhiro Yamauchi, Jun Matsuda, Norihiko Takeda, Goh Tanaka, Daiya Takai, Takahide Nagase
We report the case of a 55-year-old man with stage IV lung adenocarcinoma who received carboplatin-paclitaxel-bevacizumab chemotherapy as second-line therapy. After four cycles of chemotherapy, he experienced syncope with a decrease in blood pressure. Electrocardiography (ECG) revealed atrial fibrillation. Cardiac ultrasonography showed a markedly reduced ejection fraction (45%), with moderate decrease in comparison to that before chemotherapy (66%). Bisoprolol fumarate was initiated, and the conversion to sinus rhythm was detected by ECG 4 days after the syncope...
September 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Xiaowei Gong, Haiyan Wang, Yadong Yuan
The present study aimed to investigate the factors affecting the first therapeutic-target-achieving (TTA) time of warfarin therapy in patients with acute pulmonary embolism (PTE). Between January 2008 and June 2013, patients with PTE confirmed by transpulmonary arterial enhanced computed tomographic pulmonary angiography or pulmonary ventilation perfusion scanning were included in the present study. Data collected included demographic information, history of tobacco and alcohol intake, basic diseases (stable and unstable hypertension, diabetes, heart failure, cancer/cerebral infarction, old myocardial infarction and atrial fibrillation), liver and kidney function, the haemoglobin and platelet count of the blood, international normalized ratio monitoring, warfarin dosage adjustment and medication combinations...
October 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
P S Venkat, S Leuthold, W Jin, M Fradley, S E Hoffe, J P Fontaine, J M Pimiento, K Almhanna, J M Frakes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
R Liu, S B Qiao, F H Hu, W X Yang, J S Yuan, J G Cui
Objective: To observe the long-term prognosis and related outcome predictors for hypertrophic obstructive cadiomyopathy (HOCM) patients underwent alcohol septal ablation (ASA). Methods: A total of 227 consecutive patients(age: (47.8±11.7) years) treated by ASA from September 2005 to December 2013 in our hospital were included and followed-up for 4.42 years(range: ( 1.17-9.93) years). Follow up rate is 97.4%(221/227). General information, medical history, data of ASA and complications during hospitalization were obtained through access to medical records of patients...
September 24, 2016: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
Nileshkumar J Patel, Dhaval Pau, Nikhil Nalluri, Parth Bhatt, Badal Thakkar, Ritesh Kanotra, Kanishk Agnihotri, Nitesh Ainani, Nilay Patel, Nish Patel, Sapna Shah, Sabeeda Kadavath, Shilpkumar Arora, Azfar Sheikh, Apurva O Badheka, James Lafferty, Carlos Alfonso, Mauricio Cohen
Since the introduction of new antiplatelet and anticoagulant agents in the last decade, large-scale data studying gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are lacking. Using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, we identified all hospitalizations from 2006 to 2012 that required PCI. Temporal trends in the incidence and multivariate predictors of GIB associated with PCI were analyzed. A total of 4,376,950 patients underwent PCI in the United States during the study period...
October 15, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
Bethany T Samuelson, Adam Cuker, Deborah M Siegal, Mark Crowther, David A Garcia
BACKGROUND: The direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are the treatment of choice for most patients with atrial fibrillation and/or non-cancer associated venous thromboembolic disease. While routine monitoring of these agents is not required, assessment of anticoagulant effect may be desirable in special situations. The objective of this study was to systematically review and summarize current evidence regarding laboratory assessment of the anticoagulant effects of dabigatran, rivaroxaban, apixaban and edoxaban...
September 13, 2016: Chest
Riccardo Cappato, Robert Welsh
The vast clinical research programme for the direct, oral factor Xa inhibitor rivaroxaban has generated a wealth of data since the first rivaroxaban approval in 2008 for the prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients undergoing elective hip or knee replacement surgery. While rivaroxaban is widely used across a spectrum of seven indications, there is continuous commitment to investigating its wider benefits in new indications and attempts to refine current evidence. Key data from recently completed randomised controlled trials (RCTs) have shown that rivaroxaban is a feasible anticoagulation option for patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) undergoing cardioversion or catheter ablation...
September 28, 2016: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Hao Chen, Guobing Xu, Bin Zheng, Wei Zheng, Yong Zhu, Zhaohui Guo, Chun Chen
BACKGROUND: In this study, we evaluate the feasibility and safety of single-port video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) sleeve lobectomy (SL) and systematic mediastinal lymphadenectomy and summarize our surgical experience. METHODS: From October 2014 to December 2015, eight cases of single-port VATS SL [seven male patients and one female patient, median age 56.0 (range, 38-63) years] were performed by a single group of surgeons in Fujian Medical University Fujian Union Hospital...
August 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Emily P Ng, Frank O Velez-Cubian, Kathryn L Rodriguez, Matthew R Thau, Carla C Moodie, Joseph R Garrett, Jacques P Fontaine, Eric M Toloza
BACKGROUND: In this study, we sought to investigate the effect of post-operative atrial fibrillation (POAF) after robotic-assisted video-thoracoscopic pulmonary lobectomy on comorbid postoperative complications, chest tube duration, and hospital length of stay (LOS). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed prospectively collected data from 208 consecutive patients who underwent robotic-assisted pulmonary lobectomy by one surgeon for known or suspected lung cancer. Postoperatively, 39 (18...
August 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Michitaka Amioka, Akinori Sairaku, Tetsuro Ochi, Takenori Okada, Hideki Asaoku, Taiichi Kyo, Yasuki Kihara
Cancer therapeutics-related cardiac dysfunction induced by anthracycline is highly problematic, and its early recognition is of importance. Atrial fibrillation (AF) is sometimes seen after anthracycline chemotherapy. We aimed to test whether new-onset AF predicts anthracycline-induced heart failure. We prospectively studied 249 lymphoma patients who received anthracyclines. The patients were followed up with a frequent electrocardiographic examination. Fifteen patients (6%) newly developed AF after the chemotherapy, and during a mean follow-up of 34 months, they had a higher incidence of acute heart failure (40% vs 3...
August 12, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
Estefanía Arámbula-Garza, Lilia Castillo-Martínez, Dulce González-Islas, Arturo Orea-Tejeda, Brenda Santellano-Juárez, Candace Keirns-Davies, Viridiana Peláez-Hernández, Rocío Sánchez-Santillán, Juan Pineda-Juárez, Carlos Cintora-Martínez, Ruth Pablo-Santiago
BACKGROUND: Cachexia is a common complication in patients with advanced heart failure (HF) associated with inflammatory response activation. Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most frequent arrhythmia (26%), probably both exacerbate the cardiac cachexia (CC). OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the association of cardiac cachexia and atrial fibrillation in heart failure patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a case control study, CC was diagnosed by electrical bioimpedance with vectorial analysis (BIVA)...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Joshua D Brown, Jeffery C Talbert
INTRODUCTION: There is a wide variation in the use of vena cava filter (VCF). OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the hospital and patient characteristics associated with VCF use in deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). METHODS: Inpatient discharge data from all acute care hospitals with DVT/PE during 2008-2014 in Kentucky were used. Hierarchical logistic regression models were used to evaluate the relationships of study variables with VCF use...
August 19, 2016: Medical Care
Gin-Yi Lee, Yu-Ting Lee, Chiu-Mei Yeh, Pei Hsu, Ting-Wei Lin, Jyh-Pyng Gau, Yuan-Bin Yu, Liang-Tsai Hsiao, Cheng-Hwai Tzeng, Tzeon-Jye Chiou, Jin-Hwang Liu, Yao-Chung Liu, Chia-Jen Liu
Cerebrovascular events are a common complication among patients with cancer, increasing morbidity and mortality. However, the association between multiple myeloma and cerebrovascular events remains unclear. We therefore investigated multiple myeloma patients' risk factors for stroke to devise a better stroke-prevention strategy. This study includes consecutive patients 20 years and older who were newly diagnosed with symptomatic multiple myeloma at Taipei Veterans General Hospital, a tertiary medical center, between January 1, 2002 and December 31, 2014...
August 22, 2016: Hematological Oncology
Shinji Ito, Akihiro Ueda, Kenichiro Murate, Seiko Hirota, Takao Fukui, Tomomasa Ishikawa, Sayuri Shima, Chika Hikichi, Yasuaki Mizutani, Madoka Kizawa, Kunihiko Asakura, Tatsuro Mutoh
OBJECTIVE: Acute multifocal embolic infarction (AMEI) is conventionally caused by etiologies such as cardioembolism due to atrial fibrillation (Af), but can also be caused by serious underlying diseases such as cancer. We characterized cancer-related AMEI and identified useful indicators for cancer-associated strokes. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on 35 patients with Af-related AMEI and 35 patients with cancer-related AMEI selected from 1235 consecutive patients with acute infarcts...
September 15, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Laurent Fauchier, Olivier Villejoubert, Nicolas Clementy, Anne Bernard, Bertrand Pierre, Denis Angoulvant, Fabrice Ivanes, Dominique Babuty, Gregory Yh Lip
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation is associated with a higher mortality, but causes of death of atrial fibrillation patients and their specific predictors have been less well defined. We aimed to identify the causes of death among atrial fibrillation patients and secondly, clinical predictors for the different modes of deaths. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with atrial fibrillation in a four-hospital institution between 2000 and 2010 were identified. During a follow-up of 929±1082 days (median 456, interquartile 10-1584), 1253 deaths were recorded (yearly rate 5...
July 27, 2016: American Journal of Medicine
Maria Monrad, Ahmad Sajadieh, Jeppe Schultz Christensen, Matthias Ketzel, Ole Raaschou-Nielsen, Anne Tjønneland, Kim Overvad, Steffen Loft, Mette Sørensen
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation is the most common sustained arrhythmia and associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The few studies conducted on short-term effects of air pollution on episodes of atrial fibrillation indicates a positive association, though not consistently. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term impact of traffic-related air pollution on incidence of atrial fibrillation in the general population. METHODS: In the Danish Diet, Cancer, and Health cohort of 57,053 people aged 50-64 years at enrolment in 1993-1997, we identified 2,700 cases of first-ever hospital admission for atrial fibrillation from enrolment to end of follow-up in 2011...
July 29, 2016: Environmental Health Perspectives
Monica M Mita, John Nemunaitis, Juneko Grilley-Olson, Bassil El-Rayes, Tanios Bekaii-Saab, R Donald Harvey, John Marshall, Xiaoping Zhang, Vincent Strout
BACKGROUND: CEP-37250/KHK2804 is a recombinant, humanized, non-fucosylated, monoclonal antibody directed to sialic acid-containing glycoconjugates frequently found on certain tumor cell types. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine the safety, tolerability, maximum tolerated dose (MTD), pharmacokinetics, potential immunogenicity, and preliminary clinical efficacy of CEP-37250/KHK2804 monotherapy in patients with advanced cancer in a first-in-human, phase 1 study...
July 25, 2016: Targeted Oncology
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