keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Random control trails

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467636/increased-posterior-insula-sensorimotor-connectivity-is-associated-with-cognitive-function-in-healthy-participants-with-sleep-complaints
#1
Chun-Hong Liu, Cun-Zhi Liu, Xue-Qi Zhu, Ji-Liang Fang, Shun-Li Lu, Li-Rong Tang, Chuan-Yue Wang, Qing-Quan Liu
Insomnia is characterized by sensory hypersensitivity and cognitive impairments. Recent work has identified the insula as a central brain region involved in both bottom-up gating of sensory information and top-down cognitive control. However, the specific relationships between insular subregion connectivity and emotional and cognitive functions remain unclear. In this study, resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging data were obtained from 25 healthy participants with sleep complaints (HPS) and 25 age-, gender- and educational level-matched healthy participants without insomnia complaints (HP)...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465586/yiqifumai-injection-for-chronic-heart-failure-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Yuanping Wang, Xiaohui Li, Ziqing Li, Yu Zhang, Dawei Wang
BACKGROUND: Chronic heart AQ4 failure (CHF) is the final stage of various heart diseases. YiQiFuMai injection (YQFMI) has been widely applied in the treatment of CHF. However, to our knowledge, there has been no systematic review or meta-analysis of randomized controlled trails (RCTs) regarding the effectiveness of this treatment. Here, we provide a protocol to evaluate the efficacy and safety of YQFMI for CHF. METHODS: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of YQFMI in treating CHF, 2 researcher members will independently search the RCTs in the following 8 Chinese and English databases, in which the data collection will be from the time when the respective databases were established to January 2018...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461420/the-effect-of-ibuprofen-on-muscle-hematological-and-renal-function-hydric-balance-pain-and-performance-during-intense-long-distance-running
#3
Raphael Fabricio de Souza, Dihogo Gama de Matos, Alexandre Reis Pires Ferreira, Philip Chilibeck, Natalie de Almeida Barros, Alan Santos de Oliveira, Luana Mendonça Cercato, Danielle Soares da Silva, Felipe José Aidar
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of prophylactic use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID, i.e. Ibuprofen) on physical performance, vertical jump, muscle biomarkers, liver, kidney, acute pain and hydration status of participants in the 42 km Trail Running Challenge, a long-distance race integrated over mountain routes. The sample consisted of 20 males randomly divided into two groups: a control group (CG) and an experimental group (EG) with 12 completing the race (41.1±8.8 y; 75...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428344/the-effects-of-timing-and-intensity-of-neurorehabilitation-on-functional-outcome-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Marsh Königs, Eva A Beurskens, Lian Snoep, Erik J A Scherder, Jaap Oosterlaan
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review evidence on the effects of timing and intensity of neurorehabilitation on the functional recovery of patients with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) and aggregate the available evidence using meta-analytic methods. DATA SOURCES: Pubmed, Embase, PsycINFO and Cochrane Database. DATA SELECTION: Electronic databases were searched for prospective controlled clinical trials assessing the effect of timing or intensity of multidisciplinary neurorehabilitation programs on functional outcome of patients with moderate or severe TBI...
February 8, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415730/effect-of-nutrient-supplementation-on-the-acquisition-of-humoral-immunity-to-plasmodium-falciparum-in-young-malawian-children
#5
Priyanka Barua, Upeksha P Chandrasiri, James G Beeson, Kathryn G Dewey, Kenneth Maleta, Per Ashorn, Stephen J Rogerson
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that suggests that undernutrition has a detrimental effect on malarial immunity in children. The aim of the study was to discover whether nutrient supplementation improved development of malarial antibody immunity in children up to 18 months of age. METHODS: The study was conducted with a subset of 432 Malawian children from a randomized controlled trial of nutritional supplements. The arms included pre- and postnatal small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements for both mother and child; prenatal supplementation with iron and folic acid; and pre- and postnatal supplementation with multiple micronutrients...
February 7, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390369/acupuncture-for-vertebrobasilar-insufficiency-vertigo-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Xiaohui Li, Menghui Liu, Yu Zhang, Ziqing Li, Dawei Wang, Xia Yan
BACKGROUND: Vertebrobasilar insufficiency vertebrobasilar (VBIV) is a serious nerve disease and many old people suffer from it. Acupuncture has been widely applied in the treatment of VBIV. However, to our knowledge, there has been no systematic review or meta-analysis of randomized controlled trails regarding the effectiveness of this treatment. Here, we provide a protocol to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture for VBIV. METHODS: Relevant randomized controlled trials in 5 databases (EMBASE, PubMed, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials [Cochrane Library], Chinese Biomedical Literature Database [CBM], China National Knowledge Infrastructure [CNKI]) will be comprehensively searched by 2 researchers in December 2017...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390351/chinese-herbal-medicine-for-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Xiaoli Cai, Yuanping Wang, Ziqing Li, Yu Zhang, Dawei Wang, Xia Yan
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most clinically common cardiac arrhythmia. Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) has been widely applied in the treatment of AF, However, to our knowledge, there has been no systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trails (RCTs) regarding the effectiveness of this treatment. Therefore, we provide a protocol to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of CHM for AF. METHODS: The databases reviewed to collect RCTs related to CHM treatment for AF will be as follows: 3 English literature databases, which are PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library, and 3 Chinese literature databases, which are CBM, CNKI, and Wanfang...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382025/wendan-decoction-for-primary-insomnia-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Xia Yan, Yuanping Wang, Xiaohui Li, Ziqin Li, Yu Zhang, Xiaoli Cai, Dawei Wang
BACKGROUND: Insomnia is a widespread complaint in the general population. Wendan decoction has been widely applied in the treatment of primary insomnia. However, to our knowledge, there has been no systematic review or meta-analysis of randomized controlled trails regarding the effectiveness of this treatment. Here, we provide a protocol to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Wendan decoction for primary insomnia. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Relevant randomized controlled trials in 5 English databases [EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (Cochrane Library), PubMed, the Allied and Complementary Medicine Databases (AMED), and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL)], 4 Chinese databases [Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM), Chinese Medical Current Content (CMCC), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and Wanfang Database] will be comprehensively searched by 2 researchers in October 2017...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371043/quantitative-discoloration-assessment-of-peri-implant-soft-tissue-around-zirconia-and-other-abutments-with-different-colours-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
He Cai, Junyu Chen, Chunjie Li, Jian Wang, Qianbing Wan, Xing Liang
OBJECTIVES: The implant abutments, which had their own colour, might cause the discoloration of peri-implant mucosa. We aimed to appraise trails comparing the discoloration of peri-implant soft tissue around zirconia and titanium or golden abutments, the tints of which were vastly different. DATA: We included randomized controlled trials (RCTs), controlled clinical trials (CCTs), cohort studies with patients rehabilitated with zirconia, titanium or golden implant abutments, quantitatively comparing the discoloration of peri-implant soft tissue according to CIE-Lab colour scale...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357358/effects-of-a-psychological-intervention-programme-on-mental-stress-coping-style-and-immune-function-in-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-patients
#10
Xiaoying Shen, Xuemei Zhu, Yanni Wu, Yuqiu Zhou, Li Yang, Yini Wang, Qiulan Zheng, Yinghui Liu, Shen Cong, Ningning Xiao, Qiuli Zhao
PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the effects of a psychological intervention programme on the mental stress, coping style and cortisol and IL-2 levels of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: A total of sixty cardiovascular patients scheduled for PCI with clear anxiety and depression screened by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale were randomly divided into an experimental (n = 30) and control (n = 30) group. The participants in the experimental group received cognitive therapy, relaxation therapy and emotional support...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354728/efficacy-of-tranexamic-acid-in-reducing-blood-loss-and-blood-transfusion-in-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Turki Alajmi, Halah Saeed, Khalid Alfaryan, Ahmed Alakeel, Thamer Alfaryan
Background: Tranexamic acid is a synthetic lysine-analogue antifibrinolytic that competitively inhibits the activation of plasminogen to plasmin, it is a well-documented blood sparing agent. However, its routine use in idiopathic scoliosis surgery is poorly documented. The objective of this meta-analysis was to determine TXA's efficacy in reducing blood loss and blood transfusion in idiopathic scoliosis surgery. Methods: Five databases (Medline, PubMed, Web of Science, Embase and The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials) were searched to identify the relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs), prospective cohort control (PCC), and retrospective controlled trails regarding the TXA efficacy in idiopathic scoliosis surgery...
December 2017: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354217/a-continuum-of-executive-function-deficits-in-early-subcortical-vascular-cognitive-impairment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Felipe Kenji Sudo, Patricia Amado, Gilberto Sousa Alves, Jerson Laks, Eliasz Engelhardt
Background: Subcortical Vascular Cognitive Impairment (SVCI) is a clinical continuum of vascular-related cognitive impairment, including Vascular Mild Cognitive Impairment (VaMCI) and Vascular Dementia. Deficits in Executive Function (EF) are hallmarks of the disorder, but the best methods to assess this function have yet to be determined. The insidious and almost predictable course of SVCI and the multidimensional concept of EF suggest that a temporal dissociation of impairments in EF domains exists early in the disorder...
October 2017: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353543/tai-chi-improves-cognition-and-plasma-bdnf-in-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Somporn Sungkarat, Sirinun Boripuntakul, Sirinart Kumfu, Stephen R Lord, Nipon Chattipakorn
BACKGROUND: Effects of Tai Chi (TC) on specific cognitive function and mechanisms by which TC may improve cognition in older adults with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (a-MCI) remain unknown. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of TC on cognitive functions and plasma biomarkers (brain-derived neurotrophic factor [BDNF], tumor necrosis factor-α [TNF-α], and interleukin-10 [IL-10]) in a-MCI. METHODS: A total of 66 older adults with a-MCI (mean age = 67...
January 1, 2018: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340815/comparison-between-submucosal-tunneling-endoscopic-resection-and-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-enucleation-for-esophageal-submucosal-tumors-originating-from-the-muscularis-propria-layer-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Ningli Chai, Chen Du, Ying Gao, Xiaotong Niu, Yaqi Zhai, Enqiang Linghu, Yang Liu, Bo Yang, Zhongsheng Lu, Zhenjuan Li, Xiangdong Wang, Ping Tang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Surgical resection is considered the first treatment option for submucosal tumors (SMTs) originating from the muscularis propria layer while submucosal tunneling endoscopic resection (STER) is proved to be a safe and effective method for treating SMTs. This study aimed to compare video-assisted thoracoscopic enucleation (VATE) with STER for treating esophageal SMTs. METHODS: Sixty-six patients with small esophageal SMTs were prospectively randomized from July 2014 to December 2015...
January 16, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340317/intradialytic-cognitive-and-exercise-training-may-preserve-cognitive-function
#15
Mara A McAdams-DeMarco, Jonathan Konel, Fatima Warsame, Hao Ying, Marlís González Fernández, Michelle C Carlson, Derek M Fine, Lawrence J Appel, Dorry L Segev
Introduction: Cognitive decline is common and increases mortality risk in hemodialysis patients. Intradialytic interventions like cognitive training (CT) and exercise training (ET) may preserve cognitive function. Methods: We conducted a pilot randomized controlled trial of 20 hemodialysis patients to study the impact of 3 months of intradialytic CT (tablet-based brain games) (n = 7), ET (foot peddlers) (n = 6), or standard of care (SC) (n = 7) on cognitive function...
January 2018: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332308/transcatheter-closure-of-patent-foramen-ovale-for-secondary-prevention-of-ischemic-stroke-quantitative-synthesis-of-pooled-randomized-trial-data
#16
Abdul Hakeem, Mehmet Cilingiroglu, Angelos Katramados, Konstantinos Dean Boudoulas, Cezar Iliescu, Betul Gundogdu, Konstantinos Marmagkiolis
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of percutaneous device closure of patent foramen ovale (PFO) for secondary prevention of ischemic stroke BACKGROUND: Stroke remains the leading cause of serious long-term disability in the United States. The effectiveness of a percutaneous PFO closure in the prevention of recurrent cryptogenic strokes has not been established. METHODS: We performed a literature search using PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Google Scholar, and Internet-based sources from January 2003 to September 2017...
January 14, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331692/memory-performance-predicts-response-to-psychotherapy-for-depression-in-bipolar-disorder-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-with-exploratory-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#17
Thilo Deckersbach, Amy T Peters, Conor Shea, Aishwarya Gosai, Jonathan P Stange, Andrew D Peckham, Kristen K Ellard, Michael W Otto, Scott L Rauch, Darin D Dougherty, Andrew A Nierenberg
OBJECTIVE: This pilot randomized controlled trial compared Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) and Supportive Psychotherapy (SP) for the treatment of depression in bipolar I disorder. We also examined whether exploratory verbal memory, executive functioning, and neural correlates of verbal memory during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) predicted change in depression severity. METHODS: Thirty-two adults (ages 18-65) with DSM-IV bipolar I disorder meeting current criteria for a major depressive episode were randomized to 18 weeks of CBT or SP...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316902/the-effect-of-ankle-tape-on-joint-position-sense-after-local-muscle-fatigue-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Akram Jahjah, Dietmar Seidenspinner, Karl Schüttler, Antonio Klasan, Thomas J Heyse, Dominik Malcherczyk, Bilal Farouk El-Zayat
BACKGROUND: Ankle tape is widely used by athletes to prevent ankle sprain. Although there is growing evidence that ankle tape improve joint position sense, but yet it is not clear even if tape improve joint position sense after muscle fatigue, because fatigue impair joint position sense and raise the risk of ankle sprain. The aim of this study is to examine the effect of ankle tape on joint position sense after local muscle fatigue. METHOD: This trial is a randomized controlled trial...
January 9, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290918/laparoscopic-vs-open-complete-mesocolic-excision-with-central-vascular-ligation-for-colon-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Ionut Negoi, Sorin Hostiuc, Ruxandra Irina Negoi, Mircea Beuran
AIM: To compare the effectiveness of laparoscopic complete mesocolic excision (CME) with central vascular ligation (L-CME) with its open (O-CME) counterpart. METHODS: We conducted an electronic search of the PubMed/MEDLINE, Excerpta Medica Database, Web of Science Core Collection, Cochrane Center Register of Controlled Trails, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, SciELO, and Korean Journal databases from their inception until May 2017. We considered randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and controlled clinical trials (CCTs) that included patients with colonic cancer comparing L-CME and O-CME...
December 15, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276483/control-group-paradigms-in-studies-investigating-acute-effects-of-exercise-on-cognitive-performance-an-experiment-on-expectation-driven-placebo-effects
#20
Max Oberste, Philipp Hartig, Wilhelm Bloch, Benjamin Elsner, Hans-Georg Predel, Bernhard Ernst, Philipp Zimmer
Introduction: Many studies report improvements in cognitive performance following acute endurance exercise compared to control group treatment. These cognitive benefits are interpreted as a result of a physiological response to exercise. However, it was also hypothesized that expectation-driven placebo effects account for these positive effects. The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences between expectations for cognitive benefits toward acute endurance exercise and multiple control group treatments...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
keyword
keyword
109861
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"