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Random control trails

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818057/effect-of-counselling-during-pulmonary-rehabilitation-on-self-determined-motivation-towards-physical-activity-in-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-protocol-of-a-mixed-methods-study
#1
Anne-Kathrin Rausch-Osthoff, Nicola Greco, Ariane Schwank, Swantje Beyer, David Gisi, Mandy Scheermesser, André Meichtry, Noriane Sievi, Thomas Hess, Markus Wirz
BACKGROUND: Physical activity promotion in people with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is focus of research and public health. Patient-centred interventions like counselling are promising approaches to help patients reducing sedentary behaviour. Aim of the present study is to investigate if a physical activity counselling program during pulmonary rehabilitation increases physical activity level in daily life in people with COPD. METHODS: A two-armed, single blind randomised controlled trial including 56 people with COPD will be conducted in an outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation...
August 17, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811011/educational-intervention-on-physical-restraint-use-in-long-term-care-facilities-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Shao-Huan Lan, Li-Chin Lu, Shou-Jen Lan, Jong-Chen Chen, Wen-Jun Wu, Shen-Peng Chang, Long-Yau Lin
"Physical restraint" formerly used as a measure of protection for psychiatric patients is now widely used. However, existing studies showed that physical restraint not only has inadequate effect of protection but also has negative effects on residents. To analyzes the impact of educational program on the physical restraint use in long-term care facilities. DESIGN: A systematic review with meta-analysis and meta-regression. Eight databases, including Cochrane Library, ProQuest, PubMed, EMBASE, EBSCO, Web of Science, Ovid Medline and Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), were searched up to January 2017...
August 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808581/decade-pilot-decision-aid-action-planning-and-follow-up-support-for-patients-to-reduce-the-10-year-risk-of-cardiovascular-diseases-a-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#3
Iris Tinsel, Achim Siegel, Claudia Schmoor, Anika Buchholz, Wilhelm Niebling
BACKGROUND: A healthy lifestyle can reduce cardiovascular risk (CVR) and prevent premature death. Usually most patients at increased CVR have difficulties implementing the necessary health behavior changes, such as smoking cessation, increasing of physical activity, healthy diet, stress reduction, etc. In this pilot study, a new intervention (DECADE) that includes a cardiovascular risk calculation, evidence-based decision aids, action planning, and follow-up support for patients to reduce their 10-year risk of cardiovascular diseases will be tested in primary care...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804398/the-transfer-of-skills-from-cognitive-and-physical-training-to-activities-of-daily-living-a-randomised-controlled-study
#4
Magdalena Hagovska, Iveta Nagyova
Ageing is associated with the deterioration of all cognitive functions, including attention, memory and psychomotor speed. It has not yet been clearly confirmed whether the effects of cognitive and physical interventions can improve activities of daily living (ADL). This study compared the effectiveness of cognitive and physical training on cognitive functions and the transfer to ADL. Eighty older people with mild cognitive impairment (mean age 67.07 ± 4.3 years) were randomly divided into an experimental group (n = 40) and a control group (n = 40)...
June 2017: European Journal of Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782838/critical-appraisal-of-clinical-trials-in-multiple-system-atrophy-toward-better-quality
#5
REVIEW
Ana Castro Caldas, Johannes Levin, Ruth Djaldetti, Olivier Rascol, Gregor Wenning, Joaquim J Ferreira
Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a rare neurodegenerative disease of undetermined cause. Although many clinical trials have been conducted, there is still no treatment that cures the disease or slows its progression. We sought to assess the clinical trials, methodology, and quality of reporting of clinical trails conducted in MSA patients. We conducted a systematic review of all trials with at least 1 MSA patient subject to any pharmacological/nonpharmacological interventions. Two independent reviewers evaluated the methodological characteristics and quality of reporting of trials...
August 7, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782116/alcohol-use-among-concerned-partners-of-heavy-drinking-service-members-and-veterans
#6
Lindsey M Rodriguez, Karen Chan Osilla, Thomas E Trail, Kristie L Gore, Eric R Pedersen
Heavy drinking in relationships is complex and we focus on an understudied sample of concerned partners (CPs) worried about their U.S. service member/veteran partner's drinking. We evaluated the link between CP drinking and their own mental health, and how CP drinking moderated the efficacy of a web-based intervention designed to address CPs' mental health and communication. CPs (N = 234) were randomly assigned to intervention or control and completed assessments at baseline and 5 months later. CP drinking was associated with greater CP depression, anxiety, and anger independent of partner drinking...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761349/excoriation-skin-picking-disorder-a-systematic-review-of-treatment-options
#7
REVIEW
Christine Lochner, Annerine Roos, Dan J Stein
Although pathological skin-picking has been documented in the medical literature since the 19th century, it has only recently been included as a distinct entity in psychiatric classification systems. In the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition and the proposed International Classification of Diseases, Eleventh Revision, excoriation (skin-picking) disorder (ED), also known as neurotic excoriation, psychogenic excoriation, or dermatillomania), is described as recurrent picking of skin, leading to skin lesions and significant distress or functional impairment...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749970/effectiveness-of-physical-activity-on-patients-with-depression-and-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#8
Pei-Ling Wu, Megan Lee, Tzu-Ting Huang
AIM: In this paper we aimed to systematically review the literature on physical activity's effect on depressive symptoms in Parkinson disease. BACKGROUND: Depression is a common symptom of Parkinson's disease and is associated with increased disability, rapid progression of motor symptoms, mortality, and adverse effects on Quality of Life. DESIGN: A systematic review of primary research was undertaken and conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731266/a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-crossover-study-of-the-effects-of-levetiracetam-on-cognition-mood-and-balance-in-healthy-older-adults
#9
Mike R Schoenberg, Ruba S Rum, Katie E Osborn, Mary Ann Werz
OBJECTIVE: The cognitive and mood effects of levetiracetam (LEV) in older adults are not known. This study compared the cognitive and mood effects of LEV to placebo in healthy older adults. METHODS: Cognitive, mood, and balance variables were compared between LEV and placebo using a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover study with two 5-week treatment periods. Healthy volunteers (n = 20) aged 65-80 (mean age 72.4) received either LEV or placebo in which the LEV target dose was 1,000 mg/day...
July 21, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726492/does-cognition-specific-computer-training-have-better-clinical-outcomes-than-non-specific-computer-training-a-single-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Ji-Hyuk Park, Jin-Hyuck Park
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate differences between non-specific computer training (NCT) and cognition-specific computer training (CCT). DESIGN: Randomized controlled experimental study. SETTING: Local community welfare center. SUBJECTS: A total of 78 subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) were randomly assigned to the NCT ( n = 39) or CCT group ( n = 39). INTERVENTION: The NCT group underwent NCT using Nintendo Wii for improving functional performance, while the CCT group underwent CCT using CoTras for improving function of the cognitive domain specifically...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697504/effects-of-a-training-program-involving-body-cooling-on-physical-and-cognitive-capacities-and-quality-of-life-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients-a-pilot-study
#11
Benoit Gonzales, Gilles Chopard, Benjamin Charry, Eric Berger, Julien Tripard, Eloi Magnin, Alain Groslambert
OBJECTIVE: Two methods using exercise and body cooling could influence the well-being of patients with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). The aim of this study was to determine whether wearing a cooling vest during a physical training program could increase the cognitive and physical capacities and quality of life in PwMS. METHODS: Eighteen PwMS (49.6 ± 8 years; Expanded Disability Status Score 5.0 ± 1.0) were randomly assigned to a cooling or control group. PwMS underwent a 7-week physical training program...
2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682124/motor-cognitive-effects-of-a-computerized-game-based-training-method-in-people-with-dementia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Stefanie Wiloth, Christian Werner, Nele Christin Lemke, Jürgen Bauer, Klaus Hauer
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of a computerized, game-based training on motor-cognitive performances, the transfer of training effects on untrained tasks, and the sustainability of training gains in people with dementia. METHOD: Ninety-nine individuals with a mean age of 82.9 (5.8) and dementia participated in a 10-week randomized controlled trial with three-month follow-up. The intervention group (IG) received a motor-cognitive training on (Physiomat®) including concurrent dual-tasks of balance control with cognitive demands (Physiomat®-Trail Making Tasks (PTMTs))...
July 6, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681715/motor-cortex-trns-improves-pain-affective-and-cognitive-impairment-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia-preliminary-results-of-a-randomised-sham-controlled-trial
#13
Massimiliano Curatolo, Giuseppe La Bianca, Giuseppe Cosentino, Roberta Baschi, Giuseppe Salemi, Rossella Talotta, Marcello Romano, Giovanni Triolo, Marina De Tommaso, Brigida Fierro, Filippo Brighina
OBJECTIVES: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a clinical syndrome characterised by widespread musculoskeletal pain, chronic fatigue, cognitive deficits, and sleep and mood disorders. The effectiveness of most pharmacological treatments is limited, and there is a need for new, effective and well-tolerated therapies. It has recently been shown that transcranial direct-current stimulation (tDCS) of the motor cortex reduces pain, and that tDCS of the dorso-lateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) improves anxiety, depression and cognitive impairment in FM patients...
May 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678111/effectiveness-and-safety-of-batroxobin-tranexamic-acid-and-a-combination-in-reduction-of-blood-loss-in-lumbar-spinal-fusion-surgery
#14
Roopa Mn, Ajoy Prasad Shetty, Srikanth Reddy Dumpa, Balavenkat Subarmaniam, Rishi Mugesh Kanna, Rajasekeran Shanmuganathan
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective randomized double blind placebo controlled trail OBJECTIVE.: To evaluate and compare the efficacy and safety of Batroxobin (botropase),Tranexamic acid(TXA) and their combination in reduction of perioperative blood loss in lumbar spine single level fusion surgeries. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Spinal surgeries are associated with significant blood loss leading to perioperative anaemia and increased need for allogenic transfusion. TXA competitively inhibits plasmin and batroxobin converts fibrinogen to fibrin and theoretically their combination is synergistic ...
July 3, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659161/associations-between-cerebral-amyloid-and-changes-in-cognitive-function-and-falls-risk-in-subcortical-ischemic-vascular-cognitive-impairment
#15
Elizabeth Dao, John R Best, Ging-Yuek Robin Hsiung, Vesna Sossi, Claudia Jacova, Roger Tam, Teresa Liu-Ambrose
BACKGROUND: To determine the association between amyloid-beta (Aβ) plaque deposition and changes in global cognition, executive functions, information processing speed, and falls risk over a 12-month period in older adults with a primary clinical diagnosis of subcortical ischemic vascular cognitive impairment (SIVCI). METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of data acquired from a subset of participants (N = 22) who were enrolled in a randomized controlled trial of aerobic exercise (NCT01027858)...
June 28, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639097/effect-of-an-internet-based-telehealth-system-on-functional-capacity-and-cognition-in-breast-cancer-survivors-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Noelia Galiano-Castillo, Manuel Arroyo-Morales, Mario Lozano-Lozano, Carolina Fernández-Lao, Lydia Martín-Martín, Rosario Del-Moral-Ávila, Irene Cantarero-Villanueva
PURPOSE: This trial determines the effect of an Internet-based tailored exercise program compared to usual care control for improving functional capacity and cognition among breast cancer survivors. METHODS: A two-arm, assessor-blinded, parallel, randomized controlled efficacy trial was conducted. Participants were recruited from the Oncology and Breast unit at the Virgen de las Nieves Hospital (Granada, Spain) between March 2012 to November 2013 and randomized to either the experimental group (an 8-week Internet-based tailored exercise program) or control group (usual care)...
June 22, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614953/forced-air-warming-for-rewarming-and-comfort-following-laparoscopy-a-randomized-controlled-trail
#17
Hsiao-Chi Nieh, Shu-Fen Su
We investigated the efficacy of a forced-air warming (FAW) system on postoperative rewarming and comfort in patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery. In this randomized controlled trial, a total of 127 participants were randomly divided into the FAW group ( n = 64) and control group ( n = 63). The esophageal temperature was measured every 30 min during surgery, and the tympanic temperature and comfort levels were measured preoperatively and in the postanesthesia care unit (PACU). Data analysis used the generalized estimating equation...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596746/a-systematic-review-of-psychosocial-interventions-to-cancer-caregivers
#18
REVIEW
Fang Fu, Huaijuan Zhao, Feng Tong, Iris Chi
Objective: To systematically review the effect of psychosocial interventions on improving QoL, depression and anxiety of cancer caregivers. Methods: We conducted a systematic review of psychosocial interventions among adult cancer caregivers published from 2011 to 2016. PsycINFO, PubMed, Proquest, Cochrane Library, Embase, Applied Social Sciences Index and Abstracts (ASSIA), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI) and EBSCO, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and WANFANG were searched...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587493/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-new-treatment-for-labor-dystocia
#19
Eva Wiberg-Itzel, Susan Wray, Helena Åkerud
OBJECTIVE: Labor dystocia is an intransigent, high-profile issue in obstetric care. Amniotic fluid lactate (AFL) reflects the uterine metabolic status. High levels associate with subsequent need for operative intervention due to dystocia. In sports medicine, it is known that lactic acid can affect muscular performance and can be decreased by bicarbonate given orally before physical activity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two hundred dystocic deliveries were included. At the confirmation of dystocia, the AFL-level was analyzed...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585508/-activity-trails-in-the-therapy-of-clinical-depression-a-randomized-controlled-equivalence-trial
#20
Daniel Niederer, Lutz Vogt, Volker Staschke, Catharina Maulbecker-Armstrong, Volker Beck, Winfried Banzer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Zeitschrift Für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie
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