Read by QxMD icon Read

shoulder girdle

Oren I Feder, Konrad I Gruson
Septic arthritis of the shoulder girdle remains relatively uncommon, with Staphylococcus aureus and β-hemolytic streptococci the typical offending organisms in adult patients. Rare cases of Streptococcus viridans, an oral bacterium with low virulence, have been reported in the setting of septic arthritis, mostly involving the knee joint or the sternoclavicular joint. In this article, we report a case of Streptococcus mitis infection of the glenohumeral joint that likely resulted from hematogenous spread after oral trauma in a patient with poor underlying dentition...
September 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
Brian Horsak, Marion Kiener, Andreas Pötzelsberger, Tarique Siragy
OBJECTIVES: Push-up plus variations are commonly prescribed to clients during shoulder rehabilitation. The purpose of this study was to compare electromyographic (EMG) activities of the serratus anterior (SA), upper (UT), and lower trapezius (LT) during a knee push-up plus and knee-plus exercise performed on various surfaces. STUDY DESIGN: Within-subjects Repeated-Measure Design. PARTICIPANTS: 19 healthy, young female participants performed both exercises on a stable and unstable surface and during sling-suspension...
August 5, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
Vahid Reza Sabzevari, Amir Homayoun Jafari, Reza Boostani
OBJECTIVE: Muscle synergy is the activation of a group of muscles that contribute to a particular movement. The goal of the present study is to examine the hypothesis that human reaching movements at different speeds share similar muscle synergies and to investigate the kinesiology basis and innervation of muscles. METHODS: Electromyographic activity from six muscles of the upper limb and shoulder girdle were recorded during three movements at different speeds, i...
September 23, 2016: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
Dorota Monies, Hindi N Alhindi, Mohamed A Almuhaizea, Mohamed Abouelhoda, Anas M Alazami, Ewa Goljan, Banan Alyounes, Dyala Jaroudi, Abdulelah AlIssa, Khalid Alabdulrahman, Shazia Subhani, Mohamed El-Kalioby, Tariq Faquih, Salma M Wakil, Nada A Altassan, Brian F Meyer, Saeed Bohlega
BACKGROUND: Fifty random genetically unstudied families (limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD)/myopathy) were screened with a gene panel incorporating 759 OMIM genes associated with neurological disorders. Average coverage of the CDS and 10 bp flanking regions of genes was 99 %. All families were referred to the Neurosciences Clinic of King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Saudi Arabia. Patients presented with muscle weakness affecting the pelvic and shoulder girdle. Muscle biopsy in all cases showed dystrophic or myopathic changes...
September 27, 2016: Human Genomics
Anna Pichiecchio, Marta Rossi, Claudia Cinnante, Stefania Giovanna Colafati, Roberto De Icco, Rossella Parini, Francesca Menni, Francesca Furlan, Alberto Burlina, Michele Sacchini, Maria Alice Donati, Simona Fecarotta, Roberto Della Casa, Federica Deodato, Roberta Taurisano, Maja Di Rocco
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the muscle MRI pattern of 9 patients (median age: 6.5±2.74 years) affected by classic infantile-onset Pompe disease (IOPD) who were treated with enzyme replacement therapy (ERT). METHODS: We performed and qualitatively scored T1-weighted (T1-w) sequences of the facial, shoulder girdle, paravertebral, and lower limb muscles and short-tau inversion recovery (STIR) sequences of the lower limbs using the Mercuri and Morrow scales, respectively...
September 26, 2016: Muscle & Nerve
Daniel Waltho, Gloria Rockwell
BACKGROUND: Post-mastectomy pain syndrome (PMPS) is a frequent complication of breast surgery. There is currently no standard definition for this chronic pain syndrome. The purpose of this review was to establish a consensus for defining PMPS by identifying the various elements included in the definitions and how they vary across the literature, determining how these definitions affect the methodological components therein, and proposing a definition that appropriately encompasses all of the appropriate elements...
September 2016: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
William G Parker
Aetosaurians are some of the most common fossils collected from the Upper Triassic Chinle Formation of Arizona, especially at the Petrified Forest National Park (PEFO). Aetosaurians collected from lower levels of the park include Desmatosuchus spurensis, Paratypothorax, Adamanasuchus eisenhardtae, Calyptosuchus wellesi, and Scutarx deltatylus. Four partial skeletons collected from the park between 2002 and 2009 represent the holotype and referred specimens of Scutarx deltatylus. These specimens include much of the carapace, as well as the vertebral column, and shoulder and pelvic girdles, and a new naming convention proposed for osteoderms descriptions better differentiates portions of the carapace and ventral armor...
2016: PeerJ
Silvio Scena, Roberto Steindler, Moira Ceci, Stefano Maria Zuccaro, Eli Carmeli
BACKGROUND: The ability to maintain static and dynamic balance is a prerequisite for safe walking and for obtaining functional mobility. For this reason, a reliable and valid means of screening for risk of falls is needed. The functional reach test (FRT) is used in many countries, yet it does not provide some kinematic parameters such as shoulder or pelvic girdles translation. The purpose was to analyze video records measuring of distance, velocity, time length, arm direction and girdles translation while doing FRT...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
Leonardo Intelangelo, Diego Bordachar, Alexandre Wesley Carvalho Barbosa
OBJECTIVE: To assess the immediate effects of scapular taping on pain, isometric force, and the level of activation of several scapular girdle muscles in individuals with shoulder pain and scapular dyskinesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten individuals with shoulder pain during arm elevation and scapular dyskinesis were included and evaluated by using a visual analogue scale (VAS), pressure algometry, dynamometry, and surface electromyography. All assessments were performed before and immediately after the application of scapular taping...
July 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Leila Vakili, Farzin Halabchi, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Mohammad Reza Khami, Shahla Irandoost, Zahra Alizadeh
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders are common problems among dentists. These conditions may lead to inappropriate postures and impairment in physical and psychological function. On the other hand, poor postures and inappropriate ergonomic may result in a wide variety of musculoskeletal disorders. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of common postural disorders of the spine and shoulder girdle among the dentists and possible correlations between demographic, anthropometric and occupational characteristics with these abnormal postures...
June 2016: Asian Journal of Sports Medicine
Sunil Kukreja, Anil Nanda
We report a case of spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma in a 12-year-old female, who presented with significant upper and lower extremities weakness preceded by pain around the neck and shoulder girdle. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed epidural hematoma extending from C6-T2 with characteristic heterogeneously hyperintensity on T2 and homogenously isointensity on T1. Emergent spinal decompression was performed. However, the patient remained substantially weak in her lower extremities and was wheelchair bound at 3 months postoperatively...
July 2016: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
Frank Verhoeven, Xavier Guillot, Mickaël Chouk, Clément Prati, Daniel Wendling
Introduction. Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is one of the most common inflammatory rheumatism types in elderly population. The link between cancer and PMR is a matter of debate. Methods. We report two cases of PMR leading to the diagnosis of lymphoma and the growing interest of PET-TDM in this indication. Results. A 84-year-old man known for idiopathic neutropenia presented an inflammatory arthromyalgia of the limb girdle since one month. Blood exams highlighted the presence of a monoclonal B cell clone. Bone marrow concluded to a B cell lymphoma of the marginal zone...
2016: Case Reports in Rheumatology
Norman E D'hondt, Henri Kiers, Jan J M Pool, Sijmen T Hacquebord, Caroline B Terwee, Dirkjan E J Veeger
BACKGROUND: Deviant shoulder girdle movement is suggested as an eminent factor in the aetiology of shoulder pain. Reliable measurements of shoulder girdle kinematics are a prerequisite for optimizing clinical management strategies. PURPOSE: To evaluate reliability, measurement error and internal consistency of measurements with performance-based clinical tests for shoulder girdle kinematics and positioning in patients with shoulder pain. DATA SOURCES: Medline, Embase, CINAHL and SPORTDiscus were systematically searched from inception to August 2015...
September 1, 2016: Physical Therapy
Lauren J Lattimer, Joel L Lanovaz, Jonathan P Farthing, Stéphanie Madill, Soo Kim, Cathy Arnold
Falling on the outstretched hands (FOOSH), a protective mechanism to arrest the body and avoid injury, requires upper limb and trunk motor control for effective body descent. The purpose of this study was to investigate muscle activity during three phases of an unexpected FOOSH in healthy older and younger women. Twenty young (mean age 22.9yrs, SD±3.7) and 20 older females (mean age 68.1yrs, SD±5.0) performed five trials of unexpected FOOSHs. Surface electromyography (EMG) determined muscle activations for left shoulder girdle, elbow and abdominal muscles during an unexpected FOOSH...
October 2016: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
Ulrich Elsner, Marcel Henrichs, Georg Gosheger, Ralf Dieckmann, Markus Nottrott, Jendrik Hardes, Arne Streitbürger
BACKGROUND: Forequarter amputation (FQA) is a surgical treatment of tumors in the upper extremity and shoulder girdle that infiltrate the neurovascular bundles. In both curative and palliative settings, FQA can serve as an effective oncological treatment. METHODS: This study presents the FQA-related data of 30 patients (mean age 50 years) treated between 2000 and 2012. Their medical condition was high-grade bone or soft tissue sarcoma in 26 and high-grade carcinoma in four cases...
2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
Douglas S Weinberg, Heather A Vallier, Gregory A Gaumer, Daniel R Cooperman, Raymond W Liu
OBJECTIVES: Recent data has challenged the historical precedent of nonoperative care for many clavicle fractures; clinical and biomechanical studies have shown altered joint-contact forces occur in the glenohumeral joint (GHJ) after fracture and shortening of the clavicle. However, to date, there have been no analyses documenting the long-term effects of these altered shoulder girdle mechanics on the GHJ. METHODS: The clavicles of 2899 cadaveric skeletons were manually inspected for evidence of fracture...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Christian von Rüden, Mario Morgenstern, Jan Friederichs, Peter Augat, Simon Hackl, Alexander Woltmann, Volker Bühren, Christian Hierholzer
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiological outcome following compression plate fixation in combination with autologous bone grafting, with and without additional application of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein (rhBMP) for treatment of aseptic clavicle non-union. METHODS: Between April 2004 and April 2015, 82 patients were treated for clavicle fracture and had developed aseptic clavicle non-union. Seventy-three out of 82 patients were available for follow-up at least one year after revision surgery; among them, 27 women and 46 men, with a median age of 49 (range, 19-86) years...
August 13, 2016: International Orthopaedics
Devendra Lakhotia, Kavin Khatri, Vijay Sharma, Kamran Farooque, Swati Sharma
Bilateral clavicle fractures are uncommonly reported in the literature with the incidence being less than 0.5% of all the clavicle fractures. Bilateral clavicle fractures are caused either by high-energy transfer of compression forces across both shoulder girdles or by a direct trauma to one clavicle followed by that to the other clavicle. These fractures could be missed due to their association with more severe chest injuries or a more symptomatically displaced fracture on one side or due to inadequate chest radiographs...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Robert J Hillen, Bart Bolsterlee, Dirkjan H E J Veeger
BACKGROUND: Malunion of the clavicle with shortening after mid shaft fractures can give rise to long-term residual complaints. The cause of these complaints is as yet unclear. METHODS: In this study we analysed data of an earlier experimental cadaveric study on changes of shoulder biomechanics with progressive shortening of the clavicle. The data was used in a musculoskeletal computer model to examine the effect of clavicle shortening on muscle function, expressed as maximal muscle moments for abduction and internal rotation...
August 2016: Clinical Biomechanics
Marschall B Berkes, Milton T M Little, Nadine C Pardee, Patrick C Schottel, Lionel E Lazaro, Dean G Lorich
BACKGROUND: Proximal humerus fractures treated in the face of ipsilateral injuries to the shoulder girdle may be predisposed to worse clinical outcomes. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: The purpose of this investigation was to examine outcomes of proximal humerus fractures treated with open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) using an endosteal augment in the presence of a concomitant shoulder girdle injury in comparison to isolated proximal humerus fractures treated with ORIF and endosteal augment...
July 2016: HSS Journal: the Musculoskeletal Journal of Hospital for Special Surgery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"