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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769835/correlations-between-angular-velocities-in-selected-joints-and-velocity-of-table-tennis-racket-during-topspin-forehand-and-backhand
#1
Ziemowit Bańkosz, Sławomir Winiarski
The aim of this study was to determine the correlations between angular velocities in individual joints and racket velocity for different topspin forehand and backhand strokes in table tennis. Ten elite female table tennis players participated, presenting different kinds of topspin forehands and backhands - after a no-spin ball (FH1, BH1), after a backspin ball (FH2, BH2) and "heavy" topspin (FH3, BH3). Range of motion was measured with the BTS Smart-E (BTS Bioengineering, Milan, Italy) motion analysis system with a specially developed marker placement protocol for the upper body parts and an acoustic sensor attached to the racket to identify ball-racket contact...
June 2018: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761537/scapular-upward-rotator-morphologic-characteristics-in-individuals-with-and-without-forward-head-posture-a-case-control-study
#2
Fariba Khosravi, Anneli Peolsson, Noureddin Karimi, Leila Rahnama
OBJECTIVES: There are several reports suggesting that forward head posture contributes to alterations in scapular kinematics and muscle activity, leading to the development of shoulder problems. Currently, it is unknown whether forward head posture alters the thickness of the scapular muscles. The aim of this study was to compare the thickness of the serratus anterior and upper and lower trapezius muscles at rest and during loaded isometric contractions in individuals with and without forward head posture...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759126/primary-care-vasculitis-polymyalgia-rheumatica-and-giant-cell-arteritis
#3
REVIEW
Mathilde H Pioro
Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) and giant cell arteritis (GCA) are related inflammatory diseases of adults aged 50 years or older. The diagnosis of PMR is based on morning stiffness, proximal shoulder and pelvic girdle pain, and functional impairment. GCA is characterized by headache, jaw claudication, and visual disturbances. Constitutional symptoms and elevated inflammatory markers are common to both conditions. Temporal artery biopsy remains the gold standard for diagnosis of GCA. Glucocorticoids are the cornerstone of therapy, with tapering regimens individualized to the patient...
June 2018: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729752/editorial-commentary-the-coracoid-process-as-the-origin-of-several-ligaments-what-may-be-cut-what-must-be-refixed
#4
EDITORIAL
Julian Mehl, Daichi Morikawa, Augustus D Mazzocca
The coracoid process is the origin of the trapezoid ligament, the deltoid ligament, and the coracoacromial ligament (CAL). Detailed knowledge about their anatomy is crucial for surgical procedures such as the reconstruction of the coracoclavicular ligaments or coracoid transfer. Although the coracoclavicular ligaments are considered important stabilizers of the acromioclavicular joint and are therefore highly protected, the CAL seems less important, which is why it is generally cut during coracoid transfer procedures...
May 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707680/osteological-development-of-the-larvae-and-juvenile-of-bullhead-torrent-catfish-liobagrus-obesus
#5
Won-Il Seo, Jae-Min Park, Sung-Hun Lee, Seong Min Yoon, Seon-Yeong Hwang, Kyeong-Ho Han
This study was conducted to investigate the skeletal development of bullhead torrent catfish, Liobagrus obesus larvae and to utilize them as basic data for the taxonomic study of Liobagrus larvae. Skeletal development was observed by being divided into cranium, visceral skeleton, shoulder girdle bone, pelvic girdle bone and vertebra. On the first day after hatching, the pre-larvae had an average total length of 7.92 mm, and a line-shaped parasphenoid ossified in the cranium. In the jaw bone, the dentary supporting the lower jaw and the maxillary supporting the upper jaw were ossified...
March 2018: Balsaeng'gwa Saengsig
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707289/fractures-of-the-manubrium-sterni-treatment-options-and-a-possible-classification-of-different-types-of-fractures
#6
Stefan Schulz-Drost, Sebastian Krinner, Pascal Oppel, Sina Grupp, Melanie Schulz-Drost, Friedrich F Hennig, Andreas Langenbach
Background: Sternum fractures are mostly located on the sternal corpus, seldom on the manubrium. Fractures of the sternal manubrium are, however, more frequently associated with severe concomitant injuries of thoracic organs, and therefore deserve special attention. In addition, in its function as a capstone in between the anterior chest wall and the shoulder girdle, it is exposed to a multiplicity of forces. Therefore the questions arise what types of fractures are observed in today's clinical practice, how to classify them and which treatment options are available...
March 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686485/a-pragmatic-regional-interdependence-approach-to-primary-frozen-shoulder-a-retrospective-case-series
#7
Christopher Kevin Wong, Bryanna L Strang, Galen A Schram, Elizabeth A Mercer, Rebecca S Kesting, Kabi S Deo
Objectives: Although the shoulder is known to move together with the scapula and other upper quarter joints, the current frozen shoulder clinical practice guidelines describe only physical therapy study treatments directed to the shoulder. None received a strong recommendation, highlighting the need for alternate interventions. This retrospective case series describes a pragmatic regional interdependence approach to frozen shoulder with impairment and functional outcomes, noting whether final ROM approached normal...
May 2018: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681087/autosomal-recessive-otofaciocervical-syndrome-type-2-with-novel-homozygous-small-insertion-in-pax1-gene
#8
Siddaramappa Jagdish Patil, Aneek Das Bhowmik, Venkatraman Bhat, Venugopal Satidevi Vineeth, Rashmi Vasudevamurthy, Ashwin Dalal
Otofaciocervical syndrome (OTFCS) is described as a single gene disorder of both autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive inheritance. The major clinical features of OTFCS include ear malformations (external/middle/inner ear), facial dysmorphism, shoulder girdle abnormalities, vertebral anomalies, and mild intellectual disability. The autosomal recessive form of OTFCS syndrome (OTFCS2) has been recently reported to be caused due to homozygous mutations in PAX1 gene. Here we report a third family of OTFCS2 phenotype wherein whole exome sequencing identified a novel homozygous small insertion in PAX1 as the underlying genetic cause...
May 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613929/long-term-outcomes-of-glenohumeral-arthrodesis
#9
Eric R Wagner, Richard McLaughlin, Shumaila Sarfani, Robert H Cofield, John W Sperling, Joaquin Sanchez-Sotelo, Bassem T Elhassan
BACKGROUND: Glenohumeral arthrodesis is associated with a high rate of complications. Although patients experience reasonable pain relief and shoulder stability, they experience marked limitations in their upper-extremity function. The purpose of this study was to examine the clinical outcomes of glenohumeral arthrodesis. METHODS: Twenty-nine patients with 29 affected shoulders underwent primary glenohumeral arthrodesis between 1992 and 2009. Surgical indications included rotator cuff arthropathy and pseudoparalysis (n = 7), neurologic injuries (n = 12), chronic infection (n = 3), recurrent dislocations (n = 3), and proximal humeral or shoulder girdle tumors (n = 4)...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599856/influence-of-dynamic-neuromuscular-stabilization-approach-on-maximum-kayak-paddling-force
#10
Pavel Davidek, Ross Andel, Alena Kobesova
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of Dynamic Neuromuscular Stabilization (DNS) exercise on maximum paddling force (PF) and self-reported pain perception in the shoulder girdle area in flatwater kayakers. Twenty male flatwater kayakers from a local club (age = 21.9 ± 2.4 years, body height = 185.1 ± 7.9 cm, body mass = 83.9 ± 9.1 kg) were randomly assigned to the intervention or control groups. During the 6-week study, subjects from both groups performed standard off-season training. Additionally, the intervention group engaged in a DNS-based core stabilization exercise program (quadruped exercise, side sitting exercise, sitting exercise and squat exercise) after each standard training session...
March 2018: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589404/update-on-treatment-of-polymyalgia-rheumatica
#11
D Camellino, C Dejaco
Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is the second most common inflammatory rheumatic disease in the elderly after rheumatoid arthritis. It is clinically characterised by pain and stiffness in the neck, proximal shoulder and hip girdle. Glucocorticoids (GCs) are the cornerstone of PMR treatment, but they are associated with potentially severe side effects. Among GC-sparing agents, methotrexate revealed a modest benefit in clinical trials, and recently, there have been promising reports from tocilizumab. In this review, we summarize the available evidence on the treatment of PMR and the possible role in the future of other agents under investigation...
March 27, 2018: Reumatismo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589403/imaging-in-polymyalgia-rheumatica
#12
N Possemato, C Salvarani, N Pipitone
Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is a chronic, inflammatory disorder of unknown cause clinically characterized by pain and prolonged morning stiffness affecting the shoulders and often the pelvic girdle and neck. Imaging has substantially contributed to defining PMR as a disease mainly involving extra-articular structures. This review article analyses the role of the different imaging techniques in the diagnosis and follow-up of patients with PMR with particular emphasis on the role of ultrasound, PET/CT and MRI...
March 27, 2018: Reumatismo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589402/the-role-of-the-general-practitioner-and-the-out-of-hospital-public-rheumatologist-in-the-diagnosis-and-follow-up-of-patients-with-polymyalgia-rheumatica
#13
A Sobrero, C Manzo, A Stimamiglio
Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by shoulder and pelvic girdle pain. Its onset peaks around the age of 75; the prevalence increases until the age of 90 and it is more frequent in females. Diagnosis is mostly performed on the basis of symptoms. An increase of serum inflammatory markers is indicative, but not essential, while therapy is mainly based on glucocorticoids. Since there is no universal agreement about diagnostic criteria for PMR, its detection is still difficult...
March 27, 2018: Reumatismo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589399/contribution-of-the-new-2012-eular-acr-classification-criteria-for-the-diagnosis-of-polymyalgia-rheumatica
#14
F Muratore, C Salvarani, P Macchioni
Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is one of the most common rheumatic inflammatory disorders in people aged over 50. It is characterized by aching and prolonged morning stiffness in the shoulder and pelvic girdles and neck. To date there are no specific diagnostic tests, and in clinical practice the diagnosis of PMR remains based on its characteristic clinical manifestations, laboratory evidence of systemic inflammation, rapid response to low doses of glucocorticoids and exclusion of other disorders that may present with proximal pain and stiffness...
March 27, 2018: Reumatismo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580228/intra-and-interobserver-reliability-of-glenoid-fracture-classifications-by-ideberg-euler-and-ao
#15
F Gilbert, L Eden, R Meffert, F Konietschke, J Lotz, L Bauer, W Staab
BACKGROUND: Representing 3%-5% of shoulder girdle injuries scapula fractures are rare. Furthermore, approximately 1% of scapula fractures are intraarticularfractures of the glenoid fossa. Because of uncertain fracture morphology and limited experience, the treatment of glenoid fossa fractures is difficult. The glenoid fracture classification by Ideberg (1984) and Euler (1996) is still commonly used in literature. In 2013 a new glenoid fracture classification was introduced by the AO. The purpose of this study was to examine the new AO classification in clinical practice in comparison with the classifications by Ideberg and Euler...
March 27, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559613/clavicle-kirschner-wire-migration-into-left-lung-a-case-report
#16
Érica Lofrano Reghine, Caio César Inaco Cirino, André Amate Neto, Fabiana Rossi Varallo, Paulo Roberto Barbosa Évora, Tales Rubens de Nadai
BACKGROUND Kirschner wires are often used to perform osteosynthesis. Migration through tissue of these wires is a rare but well-known occurrence. CASE REPORT A 65-year-old female presented with light intensity pain complaints in the upper left chest area; personal history included left clavicle fracture 20 years ago that was treated surgically with fixation using a K-wire. Chest radiography showed the presence of metallic foreign body in the left pulmonary apex. An exploratory axillary thoracotomy was performed, and the foreign body was extracted by a pneumotomy...
March 21, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555052/displacement-of-diaphyseal-clavicle-fractures-related-to-patient-position-and-progressive-displacement-in-the-peri-injury-period
#17
Naoko Onizuka, Jeffrey P Anderson, Jeffrey A Gilbertson, Lauren M MacCormick, Peter A Cole
BACKGROUND: The purposes of this study were (1) to determine how supine versus upright patient position affects the measurement of diaphyseal clavicle fracture displacement, (2) to describe the incidence of progressive displacement in the peri-injury period, and (3) to investigate variables associated with the progressive displacement. METHODS: Between 2013 and 2015, patients aged 14 years or older presenting with a diaphyseal clavicle fracture within 7 days of injury were included (N = 50)...
April 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545480/ion-channel-dysfunctions-in-dilated-cardiomyopathy-in-limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy
#18
Ibrahim El-Battrawy, Zhihan Zhao, Huan Lan, Xin Li, Gökhan Yücel, Siegfried Lang, Katherine Sattler, Jan-Dierk Schünemann, Wolfram-Hubertus Zimmermann, Lukas Cyganek, Jochen Utikal, Thomas Wieland, Karen Bieback, Ralf Bauer, Antonius Ratte, Regina Pribe-Wolferts, Kleopatra Rapti, Daniel Nowak, Janina Wittig, Dierk Thomas, Patrick Most, Hugo A Katus, Ursula Ravens, Constanze Schmidt, Martin Borggrefe, Xiao-Bo Zhou, Oliver J Müller, Ibrahim Akin
BACKGROUND: Limb-Girdle muscular dystrophies (LGMD) are a heritable group of genetically determined disorders with a primary involvement of the pelvic or shoulder girdle musculature with partially cardiac manifestation, such as dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and life-threatening tachyarrhythmia. We report here that human induced pluripotent stem cell (hiPSC)-derived cardiomyocytes from a patient with LGMD2I and DCM associated with recurrent ventricular tachycardia displayed ion channel dysfunction and abnormality of calcium homeostasis...
March 2018: Circulation. Genomic and precision medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531212/an-uncommon-cause-of-contralateral-brachial-plexus-injury-following-jugular-venous-cannulation
#19
Jinguo Wang, Feng Liu, Shunshun Liu, Na Wang
BACKGROUND The complication rate of central venous catheterization ranges from 4% to 35%. Brachial plexus injury can occur, mostly on the same side as the catheterization, without affecting the contralateral brachial plexus. CASE REPORT A 71-year-old woman received placement of a vein hemodialysis catheter via right internal jugular vein. Five days after the cannulation, she complained of contralateral burning pain and numbness at the ulnar side of her left forearm. On the next day, the pain increased and extended to her left shoulder girdle and whole left arm, despite use of analgesics...
March 13, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519586/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-clavicular-fractures-in-belgium-between-2006-and-2015
#20
Michiel Herteleer, Harm Hoekstra, Stefaan Nijs
BACKGROUND: Clavicular fractures are common fractures of the shoulder girdle. The debate about whether these fractures should be treated conservatively or surgically is ongoing. This study describes the incidence of clavicular fractures in Belgium between 2006 and 2015 and how the surgical treatment rates have evolved during this time span. METHODS: The study included all patients who were diagnosed with a clavicular fracture or surgically treated in Belgium. The Belgian National Institute for Health and Disability Insurance provided the data, which included the patients' age, sex, location, and time of injury for the entire Belgian population...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
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