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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717892/a-population-based-study-of-injuries-to-the-brachial-plexus-and-to-the-peripheral-nerves-of-the-shoulder-girdle-and-upper-limb-in-the-italian-region-friuli-venezia-giulia
#1
Francesca Valent, Roberto Eleopra, Paolo Manganotti, Paolo Passadore
The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence, identify the causes, and explore treatments of the injuries to the brachial plexus and peripheral nerves of the shoulder girdle and upper limb in the 1,220,000-inhabitant Italian region Friuli Venezia Giulia.We linked at the individual patient level various administrative databases using an anonymous stochastic key: list of residents, hospital discharge, emergency department, and outpatient care prescriptions database. We abstracted hospital discharge records with at least one discharge diagnosis code ICD-9-CM 953...
July 17, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717378/evaluation-of-shoulder-girdle-strength-more-than-12-month-after-modified-radical-mastectomy-and-axillary-nodes-dissection
#2
Mahdieh Akoochakian, Heidar Ali Davari, Mohammad Hossein Alizadeh, Nader Rahnama
BACKGROUND: Muscle strength is necessary for upper body normal function. Upper extremity function impairments have been reported in breast cancer (BC) survivors. It is not possible to know precisely if cancer adjuvant therapy such as radiation and chemotherapy had any effect on the unaffected arm. The aim of this study was to compare shoulder girdle strength among women with BC and similarly aged women without cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-three postmenopausal women (51 ± 6...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702169/exome-sequencing-reveals-independent-sgcd-deletions-causing-limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy-in-boston-terriers
#3
Melissa L Cox, Jacquelyn M Evans, Alexander G Davis, Ling T Guo, Jennifer R Levy, Alison N Starr-Moss, Elina Salmela, Marjo K Hytönen, Hannes Lohi, Kevin P Campbell, Leigh Anne Clark, G Diane Shelton
BACKGROUND: Limb-girdle muscular dystrophies (LGMDs) are a heterogeneous group of inherited autosomal myopathies that preferentially affect voluntary muscles of the shoulders and hips. LGMD has been clinically described in several breeds of dogs, but the responsible mutations are unknown. The clinical presentation in dogs is characterized by marked muscle weakness and atrophy in the shoulder and hips during puppyhood. METHODS: Following clinical evaluation, the identification of the dystrophic histological phenotype on muscle histology, and demonstration of the absence of sarcoglycan-sarcospan complex by immunostaining, whole exome sequencing was performed on five Boston terriers: one affected dog and its three family members and one unrelated affected dog...
2017: Skeletal Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697784/exome-sequencing-reveals-independent-sgcd-deletions-causing-limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy-in-boston-terriers
#4
Melissa L Cox, Jacquelyn M Evans, Alexander G Davis, Ling T Guo, Jennifer R Levy, Alison N Starr-Moss, Elina Salmela, Marjo K Hytönen, Hannes Lohi, Kevin P Campbell, Leigh Anne Clark, G Diane Shelton
BACKGROUND: Limb-girdle muscular dystrophies (LGMDs) are a heterogeneous group of inherited autosomal myopathies that preferentially affect voluntary muscles of the shoulders and hips. LGMD has been clinically described in several breeds of dogs, but the responsible mutations are unknown. The clinical presentation in dogs is characterized by marked muscle weakness and atrophy in the shoulder and hips during puppyhood. METHODS: Following clinical evaluation, the identification of the dystrophic histological phenotype on muscle histology, and demonstration of the absence of sarcoglycan-sarcospan complex by immunostaining, whole exome sequencing was performed on five Boston terriers: one affected dog and its three family members and one unrelated affected dog...
July 11, 2017: Skeletal Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673118/muscle-recruitment-patterns-of-the-subscapularis-serratus-anterior-and-other-shoulder-girdle-muscles-during-isokinetic-internal-and-external-rotations
#5
Sylvain Gaudet, Jonathan Tremblay, Mickael Begon
The aims of this study were to investigate the differences in peak muscle activity and recruitment patterns during high- and low-velocity, concentric and eccentric, internal and external isokinetic shoulder rotations. Electromyographic activity of the rotator cuff and eight superficial muscles of the shoulder girdle was recorded on 25 healthy adults during isokinetic internal and external shoulder rotation at 60°/s and 240°/s. Peak muscle activity, electromyographic envelopes and peak isokinetic moments were analyzed using three-factor ANOVA and statistical parametric mapping...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664224/complex-surgery-for-locally-advanced-bone-and-soft-tissue-sarcomas-of-the-shoulder-girdle
#6
Jan Lesenský, Andreas F Mavrogenis, Vasilios G Igoumenou, Zdenek Matejovsky, Karel Nemec, Panayiotis J Papagelopoulos, Nicola Fabbri
Surgical management of primary musculoskeletal tumors of the shoulder girdle is cognitively and technically demanding. Over the last decades, advances in the medical treatments, imaging and surgical techniques have fostered limb salvage surgery and reduced the need for amputation. Despite well-accepted general principles, an individualized approach is often necessary to accommodate tumor extension, anatomical challenges and patient characteristics. A combination of techniques is often required to achieve optimal oncologic and durable functional outcome...
August 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656642/influence-of-cervical-thoracic-and-lumbar-spines-and-shoulder-girdle-range-of-motion-on-swallowing-function-of-dependent-older-adults
#7
Munetsugu Tashiro, Yasutoshi Honda, Mai Ohkubo, Tetsuya Sugiyama, Ryo Ishida
AIM: The present study examined the cervical, thoracic and lumbar spines, and shoulder girdle range of motion (ROM) of dependent older adults to clarify the influence of these variables on swallowing function, in order to evaluate the efficiency of ROM training to maintain older adults' swallowing function. METHODS: A total of 37 (mean age 86.8 ± 6.2 years; 11 men; 26 women) dependent older adults were included in the study. The level of swallowing function was assessed using the Functional Oral Intake Scale...
June 28, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652066/effects-of-scapular-stabilization-exercise-training-on-scapular-kinematics-disability-and-pain-in-subacromial-impingement-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Elif Turgut, Irem Duzgun, Gul Baltaci
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of two different exercise programs on three-dimensional scapular kinematics, disability, and pain in participants with subacromial impingement syndrome (SIS). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Outpatient clinic and research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty participants who were diagnosed with SIS and who also exhibited scapular dyskinesis. INTERVENTIONS: The participants were randomized in two different exercise groups: 1) shoulder girdle stretching and strengthening with additional scapular stabilization exercises based on a kinetic chain approach (intervention group), and 2) shoulder girdle stretching and strengthening exercises only (control group)...
June 23, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651229/coverage-of-complex-defects-of-the-shoulder-girdle-and-posterior-neck-triangle-following-tumor-resection
#9
Noha M Al-Qattan, Mohammad M Al-Qattan, Rajeev Pant
INTRODUCTION: Numerous pedicle and free flaps have been used to cover complex defects of the shoulder girdle and posterior neck triangle following tumor resection. We describe our choice of flap selection in these patients with case examples. PRESENTATION OF CASES: Three cases examples demonstrate our choice of flap selection. In the first case, an anterior shoulder girdle defect is covered by an anteriorly transposed latissimus dorsi muscle flap. The second case demonstrates the coverage of a posterior shoulder girdle defect by a posteriorly transposed latissimus dorsi muscle flap...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637154/shoulder-pain-after-stroke-experiences-consequences-in-daily-life-and-effects-of-interventions-a-qualitative-study
#10
Ingrid Lindgren, Gunvor Gard, Christina Brogårdh
PURPOSE: To describe experiences of shoulder pain after stroke, how pain affects daily life and perceived effects of interventions. METHOD: A qualitative interview study including 13 community-dwelling persons (six women; median age 65 years) with persistent shoulder pain after stroke. RESULTS: Three categories emerged from the content analysis. In "Multiple pain characteristics" an insidious pain onset was reported. The pain existed both day and night and could be located around the shoulder girdle but also have radiation to the arm and hand...
March 3, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635954/phenotypic-extremes-of-bicd2-opathies-from-lethal-congenital-muscular-atrophy-with-arthrogryposis-to-asymptomatic-with-subclinical-features
#11
Markus Storbeck, Beate Horsberg Eriksen, Andreas Unger, Irmgard Hölker, Ingvild Aukrust, Lilian A Martínez-Carrera, Wolfgang A Linke, Andreas Ferbert, Raoul Heller, Matthias Vorgerd, Gunnar Houge, Brunhilde Wirth
Heterozygous variants in BICD cargo adapter 2 (BICD2) cause autosomal dominant spinal muscular atrophy, lower extremity-predominant 2 (SMALED2). The disease is usually characterized by a benign or slowly progressive, congenital or early onset muscle weakness and atrophy that mainly affects the lower extremities, although some affected individuals show involvement of the arms and the shoulder girdle. Here we report unusual extremes of BICD2-related diseases: A severe form of congenital muscular atrophy with arthrogryposis multiplex, respiratory insufficiency and lethality within four months...
June 21, 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614274/corrective-osteotomy-for-symptomatic-clavicle-malunion-using-patient-specific-osteotomy-and-reduction-guides
#12
Mathias Haefeli, Matthias Schenkel, Ralf Schumacher, Karim Eid
Midshaft clavicular fractures are often treated nonoperatively with good reported clinical outcome in a majority of patients. However, malunion with shortening of the affected clavicle is not uncommon. Shortening of the clavicle has been shown to affect shoulder strength and kinematics with alteration of scapular position. Whereas the exact clinical impact of these factors is unknown, the deformity may lead to cosmetic and functional impairment as for example pain with weight-bearing on the shoulder girdle...
June 13, 2017: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608864/assessment-of-the-impact-of-individual-therapy-on-upper-limb-function-in-patients-diagnosed-with-painful-shoulder-syndrome
#13
Agnieszka Wnuk, Anna Świtoń, Aleksej Juszczak, Ewa Mizia
INTRODUCTION: Functional disorders of the shoulder girdle affect 1/3 of the population. The diagnosis of "painful shoulder" or shoulder impingement syndrome is vague and imprecise. It can relay to so tissue pathology as well as to limitation of mobility of the joint. In this case an appropriate diagnosis, followed by a quick and effective treatment, is crucial. A physiotherapy assessment, performed during an individual therapy session sets out a way forward for targeted rehabilitation...
2017: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583280/clinical-value-of-fdg-pet-ct-for-the-evaluation-of-rheumatic-diseases-rheumatoid-arthritis-polymyalgia-rheumatica-and-relapsing-polychondritis
#14
REVIEW
Kazuo Kubota, Hiroyuki Yamashita, Akio Mimori
FDG is a tracer for visualizing glucose metabolism. PET/CT using FDG is widely used for the diagnosis of cancer, because glycolysis is elevated in cancer cells. Similarly, active inflammatory tissue also exhibits elevated glucose metabolism because of glycolysis in activated macrophages and proliferating fibroblasts. Elevated FDG uptake by active inflammatory tissues, such as those affected by arthritis, vasculitis, lymphadenitis, and chondritis, has enabled the diagnosis of inflammatory diseases using FDG-PET/CT...
July 2017: Seminars in Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580261/all-arthroscopic-coracoclavicular-ligament-reconstruction-surgical-technique-using-a-semitendinosus-allograft-and-tenodesis-screws
#15
Xinning Li, Anand Padmanabha, Justin Koh, Antonio Cusano
Acromioclavicular joint injuries account for 9% of shoulder girdle injuries and are most often associated with direct blows to the shoulder or axially directed forces onto the ipsilateral extremity. Type IV, V, and VI injuries are generally managed surgically, whereas type I and II injuries are treated with sling immobilization, early shoulder range of motion, and physical therapy. Type III injuries are more controversial but are generally managed surgically in the active and high-demand patient. When surgical treatment is indicated, the primary goal of a coracoclavicular (CC) ligament reconstruction is to restore anatomic reduction of the acromioclavicular joint and reconstruct the biomechanical forces of the CC ligaments...
April 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575052/myogenic-differentiation-of-vcp-disease-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-a-novel-platform-for-drug-discovery
#16
Katrina J Llewellyn, Angèle Nalbandian, Lan N Weiss, Isabela Chang, Howard Yu, Bibo Khatib, Baichang Tan, Vanessa Scarfone, Virginia E Kimonis
Valosin Containing Protein (VCP) disease is an autosomal dominant multisystem proteinopathy caused by mutations in the VCP gene, and is primarily associated with progressive muscle weakness, including atrophy of the pelvic and shoulder girdle muscles. Currently, no treatments are available and cardiac and respiratory failures can lead to mortality at an early age. VCP is an AAA ATPase multifunction complex protein and mutations in the VCP gene resulting in disrupted autophagic clearance. Due to the rarity of the disease, the myopathic nature of the disorder, ethical and practical considerations, VCP disease muscle biopsies are difficult to obtain...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554710/the-pecs-ii-block-as-a-major-analgesic-component-for-clavicle-operations-a-description-of-7-case-reports
#17
J B Schuitemaker R, X Sala-Blanch, C L Rodriguez-Pérez, J T Mayoral R, L A López-Pantaleon, A P Sánchez-Cohen
Clavicle fractures correspond to 35% of traumatic fractures of the shoulder girdle. Regional anaesthesia has shown better analgesic results than systemic treatment for perioperative management. Innervation of the clavicle is complex, at present its knowledge raises controversy. The lateral pectoral nerve through the innervating musculature predominantly participates in the lateral and anterior part of the clavicle. The following report of 7 cases describes the effective postoperative analgesia of modified PEC II block in patients with middle third clavicle fracture or acromioclavicular dislocation who underwent a modified PEC II block for postoperative pain management, in the context of a multimodal analgesia...
May 26, 2017: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551465/spinal-fusion-limits-upper-body-range-of-motion-during-gait-without-inducing-compensatory-mechanisms-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-patients
#18
R M Holewijn, I Kingma, M de Kleuver, J J P Schimmel, N L W Keijsers
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies show a limited alteration of gait at normal walking speed after spinal fusion surgery for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), despite the presumed essential role of spinal mobility during gait. This study analyses how spinal fusion affects gait at more challenging walking speeds. More specifically, we investigated whether thoracic-pelvic rotations are reduced to a larger extent at higher gait speeds and whether compensatory mechanisms above and below the stiffened spine are present...
May 17, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542741/age-estimation-of-immature-human-skeletal-remains-from-the-dimensions-of-the-girdle-bones-in-the-postnatal-period
#19
Hugo F V Cardoso, Laure Spake, Louise T Humphrey
OBJECTIVES: This study provides classical calibration regression formulae for age estimation from the dimensions of unfused shoulder and pelvic girdle bones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Age estimation models were derived from a sample of 160 known age and sex individuals (63 females and 97 males) aged birth to 12 years, selected from Portuguese and English skeletal collections. The sample was divided into two age groups at the age of 2 years, and formulae were obtained for the sexes separately and combined...
May 24, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530477/reliability-and-validity-of-an-acromion-marker-cluster-for-recording-scapula-posture-at-end-range-clavicle-protraction-retraction-elevation-and-depression
#20
Yaheli Bet-Or, Wolbert van den Hoorn, Venerina Johnston, Shaun P O'Leary
Acromion Marker Cluster (AMC) methods have been shown to accurately track scapula motion during humeral elevation below 90°, however, their accuracy has not been assessed in shoulder girdle motion such as clavicle protraction, retraction, elevation and depression independent of humeral movement. The aim of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of the AMC method to record scapula orientation at end range clavicle protraction, retraction, elevation and depression. The right scapulae of twenty-two female and twenty male asymptomatic volunteers were assessed with an AMC and Scapula Locator (SL) method during end range clavicle protraction, retraction, elevation and depression (without humeral elevation) using an eight-camera 3D movement registration system...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
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