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shoulder girdle

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904716/is-anterior-bridge-plating-for-mid-shaft-humeral-fractures-a-suitable-option-for-patients-predominantly-involved-in-overhead-activities-a-functional-outcome-study-in-athletes-and-manual-laborers
#1
Abhishek S Mahajan, Young Gun Kim, Jae Hwa Kim, Prashanth D'sa, Azhar Lakhani, Hyun Soo Ok
BACKGROUND: To assess the functional and radiological outcomes of minimally invasive anterior bridge plating (ABP) for mid-shaft humerus fractures in patients predominantly involved in overhead activities (athletes and manual laborers). METHODS: Forty-eight patients fulfilling inclusion criteria were treated with ABP at a level-I trauma center using a 4.5-mm dynamic/locking compression plate and followed for a period of 1 year. Functional outcome was assessed using the Constant, Mayo elbow, and Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) scores...
December 2016: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900147/complex-shoulder-girdle-injuries-following-mountain-bike-accidents-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#2
Matthew Alexander Lea, Navnit Makaram, Makaram S Srinivasan
BACKGROUND: Mountain and road bike accidents are particularly common with the increased popularity of the sport. We reviewed the attendances in our emergency department over a 4-year period looking at cycling injuries to detect the level and grade of these injuries and their outcomes. METHOD: Royal Blackburn Hospital caters for a population of 550 000. A search through the Hospital information system revealed 104 patients with fractures following mountain bike injuries...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882767/-traumatic-symphyseal-rupture-by-vaginal-delivery-report-of-a-rare-case
#3
J Hofierková
OBJECTIVE: This case report draw attention symphysis pubic dysfunction and injury pelvic girdle by vaginal delivary (in our case compliated by dystokia shoulders), mainly its diagnostic, prediction and treatment. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Hospital Česká Lípa. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a 31 years old woman, who gave birth for the second time with rupture of symphysis after delivery...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863792/presence-of-latent-myofascial-trigger-points-and-determination-of-pressure-pain-thresholds-of-the-shoulder-girdle-in-healthy-children-and-young-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Luciane S Sacramento, Paula R Camargo, Aristides L Siqueira-Júnior, Jean P Ferreira, Tania F Salvini, Francisco Alburquerque-Sendín
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to compare the number of myofascial trigger points (MTPs) and the pressure pain thresholds (PPTs) in the shoulder girdle, on the dominant and nondominant sides, between healthy children and adults. The secondary aim was to assess the correlations between the number of MTPs and the PPTs in these populations. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed. Thirty-five children (aged 9.1 ± 1.7 years) and 35 adults (aged 23...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862037/early-onset-limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy-2l-in-a-female-athlete
#5
Patrick R Blackburn, Duygu Selcen, Jessica L Jackson, Kimberly J Guthrie, Margot A Cousin, Nicole J Boczek, Kristin E Clift, Eric W Klee, Elliot L Dimberg, Paldeep S Atwal
INTRODUCTION: Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy-2L (LGMD2L) is an autosomal recessive muscular dystrophy caused by pathogenic variants in anoctamin-5 (ANO5). The disorder is characterized by weakness of the hip and shoulder girdles and of the lower limbs, with muscle atrophy. METHODS: We describe a woman with progressive weakness beginning at age 22 years in conjunction with back pain and myoglobinuria during physical exertion. Her serum CK levels ranged from 1,200-8,000 IU/L between the ages 22 and 34 years, and she was seen for a constant steady decline in muscle strength, which led to consultation for genetic testing...
November 11, 2016: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861222/novel-homozygous-missense-mutation-in-capn3-gene-detected-in-a-saudi-arabian-family-with-limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy-type-2a
#6
Talal M Al-Harbi, Sameeh O Abdulmanaʼ, Walid Dridi
More than 300 mutations were identified in Calpainopathy (CAPN3) gene in limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2A (LGMD2A) patients. LGMD2A type is also known as Calpainopathy, which is characterized by selective atrophy and weakness of proximal limb muscles. We report a Saudi Arabian family with weakness in limb-girdle distribution: waddling gait, positive Gowers' sign, and marked muscle atrophy in the shoulder and pelvic girdle muscles. We sequenced all exonic and intronic regions of the CAPN3 gene and identified c...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuromuscular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826470/treatment-of-the-open-glenohumeral-joint-with-the-anterior-deltoid-muscle-flap
#7
George D Xipoleas, Daniel Woods, Joseph Batac, Tommaso Addona
Upper extremity reconstruction is most often encountered in trauma patients. Although the rate of complications from elective orthopedic procedures remains relatively low, these complications are oftentimes in the form of open joints or joint infections that can be devastating. Classically, wounds of the shoulder girdle have been treated with large muscles such as the pectoralis major, pectoralis minor, and latissimus dorsi. Flaps more local to the area including the deltoid muscle flap have been overlooked due to their small size...
October 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737290/glenohumeral-joint-sepsis-caused-by-streptococcus-mitis-a-case-report
#8
Oren I Feder, Konrad I Gruson
Septic arthritis of the shoulder girdle remains relatively uncommon, with Staphylococcus aureus and β-hemolytic streptococci the typical offending organisms in adult patients. Rare cases of Streptococcus viridans, an oral bacterium with low virulence, have been reported in the setting of septic arthritis, mostly involving the knee joint or the sternoclavicular joint. In this article, we report a case of Streptococcus mitis infection of the glenohumeral joint that likely resulted from hematogenous spread after oral trauma in a patient with poor underlying dentition...
September 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693098/serratus-anterior-and-trapezius-muscle-activity-during-knee-push-up-plus-and-knee-plus-exercises-performed-on-a-stable-an-unstable-surface-and-during-sling-suspension
#9
Brian Horsak, Marion Kiener, Andreas Pötzelsberger, Tarique Siragy
OBJECTIVES: Push-up plus variations are commonly prescribed to clients during shoulder rehabilitation. The purpose of this study was to compare electromyographic (EMG) activities of the serratus anterior (SA), upper (UT), and lower trapezius (LT) during a knee push-up plus and knee-plus exercise performed on various surfaces. STUDY DESIGN: Within-subjects Repeated-Measure Design. PARTICIPANTS: 19 healthy, young female participants performed both exercises on a stable and unstable surface and during sling-suspension...
August 5, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689556/muscle-synergy-extraction-during-arm-reaching-movements-at-different-speeds
#10
Vahid Reza Sabzevari, Amir Homayoun Jafari, Reza Boostani
OBJECTIVE: Muscle synergy is the activation of a group of muscles that contribute to a particular movement. The goal of the present study is to examine the hypothesis that human reaching movements at different speeds share similar muscle synergies and to investigate the kinesiology basis and innervation of muscles. METHODS: Electromyographic activity from six muscles of the upper limb and shoulder girdle were recorded during three movements at different speeds, i...
September 23, 2016: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671536/a-first-line-diagnostic-assay-for-limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy-and-other-myopathies
#11
Dorota Monies, Hindi N Alhindi, Mohamed A Almuhaizea, Mohamed Abouelhoda, Anas M Alazami, Ewa Goljan, Banan Alyounes, Dyala Jaroudi, Abdulelah AlIssa, Khalid Alabdulrahman, Shazia Subhani, Mohamed El-Kalioby, Tariq Faquih, Salma M Wakil, Nada A Altassan, Brian F Meyer, Saeed Bohlega
BACKGROUND: Fifty random genetically unstudied families (limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD)/myopathy) were screened with a gene panel incorporating 759 OMIM genes associated with neurological disorders. Average coverage of the CDS and 10 bp flanking regions of genes was 99 %. All families were referred to the Neurosciences Clinic of King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Saudi Arabia. Patients presented with muscle weakness affecting the pelvic and shoulder girdle. Muscle biopsy in all cases showed dystrophic or myopathic changes...
September 27, 2016: Human Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668838/muscle-mri-of-classic-infantile-pompe-patients-fatty-substitution-and-edema-like-changes
#12
Anna Pichiecchio, Marta Rossi, Claudia Cinnante, Stefania Giovanna Colafati, Roberto De Icco, Rossella Parini, Francesca Menni, Francesca Furlan, Alberto Burlina, Michele Sacchini, Maria Alice Donati, Simona Fecarotta, Roberto Della Casa, Federica Deodato, Roberta Taurisano, Maja Di Rocco
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the muscle MRI pattern of 9 patients (median age: 6.5±2.74 years) affected by classic infantile-onset Pompe disease (IOPD) who were treated with enzyme replacement therapy (ERT). METHODS: We performed and qualitatively scored T1-weighted (T1-w) sequences of the facial, shoulder girdle, paravertebral, and lower limb muscles and short-tau inversion recovery (STIR) sequences of the lower limbs using the Mercuri and Morrow scales, respectively...
September 26, 2016: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668333/post-breast-surgery-pain-syndrome-establishing-a-consensus-for-the-definition-of-post-mastectomy-pain-syndrome-to-provide-a-standardized-clinical-and-research-approach-a-review-of-the-literature-and-discussion
#13
Daniel Waltho, Gloria Rockwell
BACKGROUND: Post-mastectomy pain syndrome (PMPS) is a frequent complication of breast surgery. There is currently no standard definition for this chronic pain syndrome. The purpose of this review was to establish a consensus for defining PMPS by identifying the various elements included in the definitions and how they vary across the literature, determining how these definitions affect the methodological components therein, and proposing a definition that appropriately encompasses all of the appropriate elements...
September 2016: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635359/osteology-of-the-late-triassic-aetosaur-scutarx-deltatylus-archosauria-pseudosuchia
#14
William G Parker
Aetosaurians are some of the most common fossils collected from the Upper Triassic Chinle Formation of Arizona, especially at the Petrified Forest National Park (PEFO). Aetosaurians collected from lower levels of the park include Desmatosuchus spurensis, Paratypothorax, Adamanasuchus eisenhardtae, Calyptosuchus wellesi, and Scutarx deltatylus. Four partial skeletons collected from the park between 2002 and 2009 represent the holotype and referred specimens of Scutarx deltatylus. These specimens include much of the carapace, as well as the vertebral column, and shoulder and pelvic girdles, and a new naming convention proposed for osteoderms descriptions better differentiates portions of the carapace and ventral armor...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635176/computerized-functional-reach-test-to-measure-balance-stability-in-elderly-patients-with-neurological-disorders
#15
Silvio Scena, Roberto Steindler, Moira Ceci, Stefano Maria Zuccaro, Eli Carmeli
BACKGROUND: The ability to maintain static and dynamic balance is a prerequisite for safe walking and for obtaining functional mobility. For this reason, a reliable and valid means of screening for risk of falls is needed. The functional reach test (FRT) is used in many countries, yet it does not provide some kinematic parameters such as shoulder or pelvic girdles translation. The purpose was to analyze video records measuring of distance, velocity, time length, arm direction and girdles translation while doing FRT...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634074/effects-of-scapular-taping-in-young-adults-with-shoulder-pain-and-scapular-dyskinesis
#16
Leonardo Intelangelo, Diego Bordachar, Alexandre Wesley Carvalho Barbosa
OBJECTIVE: To assess the immediate effects of scapular taping on pain, isometric force, and the level of activation of several scapular girdle muscles in individuals with shoulder pain and scapular dyskinesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten individuals with shoulder pain during arm elevation and scapular dyskinesis were included and evaluated by using a visual analogue scale (VAS), pressure algometry, dynamometry, and surface electromyography. All assessments were performed before and immediately after the application of scapular taping...
July 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625751/prevalence-of-common-postural-disorders-among-academic-dental-staff
#17
Leila Vakili, Farzin Halabchi, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Mohammad Reza Khami, Shahla Irandoost, Zahra Alizadeh
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders are common problems among dentists. These conditions may lead to inappropriate postures and impairment in physical and psychological function. On the other hand, poor postures and inappropriate ergonomic may result in a wide variety of musculoskeletal disorders. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of common postural disorders of the spine and shoulder girdle among the dentists and possible correlations between demographic, anthropometric and occupational characteristics with these abnormal postures...
June 2016: Asian Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598898/spontaneous-spinal-epidural-hematoma-report
#18
Sunil Kukreja, Anil Nanda
We report a case of spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma in a 12-year-old female, who presented with significant upper and lower extremities weakness preceded by pain around the neck and shoulder girdle. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed epidural hematoma extending from C6-T2 with characteristic heterogeneously hyperintensity on T2 and homogenously isointensity on T1. Emergent spinal decompression was performed. However, the patient remained substantially weak in her lower extremities and was wheelchair bound at 3 months postoperatively...
July 2016: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597921/polymyalgia-rheumatica-revealing-a-lymphoma-a-two-case-report
#19
Frank Verhoeven, Xavier Guillot, Mickaël Chouk, Clément Prati, Daniel Wendling
Introduction. Polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) is one of the most common inflammatory rheumatism types in elderly population. The link between cancer and PMR is a matter of debate. Methods. We report two cases of PMR leading to the diagnosis of lymphoma and the growing interest of PET-TDM in this indication. Results. A 84-year-old man known for idiopathic neutropenia presented an inflammatory arthromyalgia of the limb girdle since one month. Blood exams highlighted the presence of a monoclonal B cell clone. Bone marrow concluded to a B cell lymphoma of the marginal zone...
2016: Case Reports in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587801/reliability-of-performance-based-clinical-measurements-to-assess-shoulder-girdle-kinematics-and-positioning-systematic-review
#20
Norman E D'hondt, Henri Kiers, Jan J M Pool, Sijmen T Hacquebord, Caroline B Terwee, Dirkjan H E J Veeger
BACKGROUND: Deviant shoulder girdle movement is suggested as an eminent factor in the etiology of shoulder pain. Reliable measurements of shoulder girdle kinematics are a prerequisite for optimizing clinical management strategies. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reliability, measurement error, and internal consistency of measurements with performance-based clinical tests for shoulder girdle kinematics and positioning in patients with shoulder pain...
September 1, 2016: Physical Therapy
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