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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910683/the-coordination-of-shoulder-girdle-muscles-during-repetitive-arm-movements-at-either-slow-or-fast-pace-among-women-with-or-without-neck-shoulder-pain
#1
Leticia Bergamin Januario, Ana Beatriz Oliveira, Marina Machado Cid, Pascal Madeleine, Afshin Samani
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the coordination of the shoulder girdle muscles among subjects with or without neck-shoulder pain performing repetitive arm movement at either a slow or fast pace. METHODS: Thirty female adults were allocated to one of two groups-healthy controls or cases with neck-shoulder pain. Surface electromyography (sEMG) signals from the clavicular, acromial, middle and lower trapezius portions and the serratus anterior muscles were recorded during a task performed for 20min at a slow pace and 20min at a fast pace...
September 11, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883879/limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy-type-2e-due-to-a-novel-large-deletion-in-sgcb-gene
#2
Soudeh Ghafouri-Fard, Feyzollah Hashemi-Gorji, Majid Fardaei, Mohammad Miryounesi
Autosomal recessive limb-girdle muscular dystrophies (LGMD type 2) are a group of clinically and genetically heterogeneous diseases with the main characteristics of weakness and wasting of the pelvic and shoulder girdle muscles. Among them are sarcoglycanopathies caused by mutations in at least four genes named SGCA, SGCB, SGCG and SGCD. Here we report a consanguineous Iranian family with two children affected with LGMD type 2E. Mutation analysis revealed a novel homozygous exon 2 deletion of SGCB gene in the patients with the parents being heterozygous for this deletion...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841920/ipsilateral-eeg-mu-rhythm-reflects-the-excitability-of-uncrossed-pathways-projecting-to-shoulder-muscles
#3
Keita Hasegawa, Shoko Kasuga, Kenichi Takasaki, Katsuhiro Mizuno, Meigen Liu, Junichi Ushiba
BACKGROUND: Motor planning, imagery or execution is associated with event-related desynchronization (ERD) of mu rhythm oscillations (8-13 Hz) recordable over sensorimotor areas using electroencephalography (EEG). It was shown that motor imagery involving distal muscles, e.g. finger movements, results in contralateral ERD correlating with increased excitability of the contralateral corticospinal tract (c-CST). Following the rationale that purposefully increasing c-CST excitability might facilitate motor recovery after stroke, ERD recently became an attractive target for brain-computer interface (BCI)-based neurorehabilitation training...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813911/design-and-kinematic-analysis-of-a-novel-upper-limb-exoskeleton-for-rehabilitation-of-stroke-patients
#4
Amin Zeiaee, Rana Soltani-Zarrin, Reza Langari, Reza Tafreshi
This paper details the design process and features of a novel upper limb rehabilitation exoskeleton named CLEVER (Compact, Low-weight, Ergonomic, Virtual/Augmented Reality Enhanced Rehabilitation) ARM. The research effort is focused on designing a lightweight and ergonomic upper-limb rehabilitation exoskeleton capable of producing diverse and perceptually rich training scenarios. To this end, the knowledge available in the literature of rehabilitation robotics is used along with formal conceptual design techniques...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813910/reference-path-generation-for-upper-arm-exoskeletons-considering-scapulohumeral-rhythms
#5
Rana Soltani-Zarrin, Amin Zeiaee, Reza Langari, Nina Robson
This paper proposes a reference path generation method for upper-limb rehabilitation exoskeletons considering the scapulohumeral rhythms of the shoulder. The developed method is based on Central Nervous System's (CNS) governing rules for coordination of arm motions, and to the best of our knowledge is the first computational model to consider the motion of the inner shoulder in path generation. Existing reference generation methods which utilize computational models such as minimum jerk, minimum torque, etc, are based on the assumption that the shoulder joint does not move, and the origin of the reference frame is defined at the center of the glenohumeral (GH) joint...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809628/-the-effect-of-activation-of-the-shoulder-girdle-muscles-on-functional-outcomes-of-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-surgically-treated-distal-radius-fractures
#6
V Jančíková, J Opavský, P Dráč, A Krobot, I Čižmář
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The aim of the study was to assess the functional outcomes of rehabilitation in patients with surgically treated distal radius fractures in the early postoperative period. We compared the functional outcomes of patients undergoing standard rehabilitation with the group of patients whose postoperative rehabilitation was extended with shoulder girdle exercises of the affected upper limb while the wrist was immobilized. Several indices and variables were used for the assessment of the functional therapeutic outcomes of the affected wrist...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792929/new-gliding-mammaliaforms-from-the-jurassic
#7
Qing-Jin Meng, David M Grossnickle, Di Liu, Yu-Guang Zhang, April I Neander, Qiang Ji, Zhe-Xi Luo
Stem mammaliaforms are Mesozoic forerunners to mammals, and they offer critical evidence for the anatomical evolution and ecological diversification during the earliest mammalian history. Two new eleutherodonts from the Late Jurassic period have skin membranes and skeletal features that are adapted for gliding. Characteristics of their digits provide evidence of roosting behaviour, as in dermopterans and bats, and their feet have a calcaneal calcar to support the uropagatium as in bats. The new volant taxa are phylogenetically nested with arboreal eleutherodonts...
August 17, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781145/-duplication-of-the-acromioclavicular-joint-a-case-dating-from-the-end-of-the-19th-century
#8
E Verna, S Parmentier, A Richier, K Chaumoitre, M Panuel, Y Ardagna
The duplication of the acromioclavicular joint is a very rare anomaly of shoulder girdle. Here, we present a new case of unilateral duplication of the acromioclavicular joint observed on an individual from the 19th century. In the literature, two hypotheses are proposed to explain the origin of this anomaly. The first is a congenital origin that could be explained by in utero displacement of one of the clavicle's primary ossification centers, or the existence of an additional ossification center. The second is a traumatic origin resulting from an acromioclavicular fracture that occurred during the growth period of the individual...
August 3, 2017: Morphologie: Bulletin de L'Association des Anatomistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774422/polymyalgia-rheumatica
#9
REVIEW
Miguel A González-Gay, Eric L Matteson, Santos Castañeda
Polymyalgia rheumatica is an inflammatory disease that affects the shoulder, the pelvic girdles, and the neck, usually in individuals older than 50 years. Increases in acute phase reactants are typical of polymyalgia rheumatica. The disorder might present as an isolated condition or in association with giant cell arteritis. Several diseases, including inflammatory rheumatic and autoimmune diseases, infections, and malignancies can mimic polymyalgia rheumatica. Imaging techniques have identified the presence of bursitis in more than half of patients with active disease...
July 31, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770512/immediate-intensive-mobilization-compared-with-immediate-conventional-mobilization-for-the-impacted-osteoporotic-conservatively-treated-proximal-humeral-fracture-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
S Carbone, C Razzano, P Albino, R Mezzoprete
PURPOSE: To select in a 2-year survey of proximal humerus fractures accessing the emergency department, a population of osteoporotic stable impacted fractures and to randomize them into two groups, one with an immediate intensive mobilization program and the other with an immediate conventional mobilization program. METHODS: In emergency department, patients with clinical signs of shoulder girdle fracture were submitted to standard X-ray examination and CT scan...
August 2, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748740/the-use-of-fluoroscopic-guided-percutaneous-pedicle-screws-in-the-upper-thoracic-spine-t1-t6-is-it-safe
#11
Mun Keong Kwan, Chee Kidd Chiu, Chris Yin Wei Chan, Reza Zamani, Nils Hansen-Algenstaedt
PURPOSE: This study analysed the accuracy and safety of the fluoroscopic guided percutaneous screws in the upper thoracic vertebrae (T1-T6). METHODS: Computed tomography scans from 74 patients were retrospectively evaluated between January 2008 and December 2012. Pedicle perforations were classified by two types of grading systems. For medial, lateral, superior and inferior perforations: grade 0 - no violation; grade 1 - <2 mm; grade 2 - 2-4 mm and grade 3 - >4 mm...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717892/a-population-based-study-of-injuries-to-the-brachial-plexus-and-to-the-peripheral-nerves-of-the-shoulder-girdle-and-upper-limb-in-the-italian-region-friuli-venezia-giulia
#12
Francesca Valent, Roberto Eleopra, Paolo Manganotti, Paolo Passadore
The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence, identify the causes, and explore treatments of the injuries to the brachial plexus and peripheral nerves of the shoulder girdle and upper limb in the 1,220,000-inhabitant Italian region Friuli Venezia Giulia.We linked at the individual patient level various administrative databases using an anonymous stochastic key: list of residents, hospital discharge, emergency department, and outpatient care prescriptions database. We abstracted hospital discharge records with at least one discharge diagnosis code ICD-9-CM 953...
July 17, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717378/evaluation-of-shoulder-girdle-strength-more-than-12-month-after-modified-radical-mastectomy-and-axillary-nodes-dissection
#13
Mahdieh Akoochakian, Heidar Ali Davari, Mohammad Hossein Alizadeh, Nader Rahnama
BACKGROUND: Muscle strength is necessary for upper body normal function. Upper extremity function impairments have been reported in breast cancer (BC) survivors. It is not possible to know precisely if cancer adjuvant therapy such as radiation and chemotherapy had any effect on the unaffected arm. The aim of this study was to compare shoulder girdle strength among women with BC and similarly aged women without cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-three postmenopausal women (51 ± 6...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702169/exome-sequencing-reveals-independent-sgcd-deletions-causing-limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy-in-boston-terriers
#14
Melissa L Cox, Jacquelyn M Evans, Alexander G Davis, Ling T Guo, Jennifer R Levy, Alison N Starr-Moss, Elina Salmela, Marjo K Hytönen, Hannes Lohi, Kevin P Campbell, Leigh Anne Clark, G Diane Shelton
BACKGROUND: Limb-girdle muscular dystrophies (LGMDs) are a heterogeneous group of inherited autosomal myopathies that preferentially affect voluntary muscles of the shoulders and hips. LGMD has been clinically described in several breeds of dogs, but the responsible mutations are unknown. The clinical presentation in dogs is characterized by marked muscle weakness and atrophy in the shoulder and hips during puppyhood. METHODS: Following clinical evaluation, the identification of the dystrophic histological phenotype on muscle histology, and demonstration of the absence of sarcoglycan-sarcospan complex by immunostaining, whole exome sequencing was performed on five Boston terriers: one affected dog and its three family members and one unrelated affected dog...
2017: Skeletal Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697784/exome-sequencing-reveals-independent-sgcd-deletions-causing-limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy-in-boston-terriers
#15
Melissa L Cox, Jacquelyn M Evans, Alexander G Davis, Ling T Guo, Jennifer R Levy, Alison N Starr-Moss, Elina Salmela, Marjo K Hytönen, Hannes Lohi, Kevin P Campbell, Leigh Anne Clark, G Diane Shelton
BACKGROUND: Limb-girdle muscular dystrophies (LGMDs) are a heterogeneous group of inherited autosomal myopathies that preferentially affect voluntary muscles of the shoulders and hips. LGMD has been clinically described in several breeds of dogs, but the responsible mutations are unknown. The clinical presentation in dogs is characterized by marked muscle weakness and atrophy in the shoulder and hips during puppyhood. METHODS: Following clinical evaluation, the identification of the dystrophic histological phenotype on muscle histology, and demonstration of the absence of sarcoglycan-sarcospan complex by immunostaining, whole exome sequencing was performed on five Boston terriers: one affected dog and its three family members and one unrelated affected dog...
July 11, 2017: Skeletal Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673118/muscle-recruitment-patterns-of-the-subscapularis-serratus-anterior-and-other-shoulder-girdle-muscles-during-isokinetic-internal-and-external-rotations
#16
Sylvain Gaudet, Jonathan Tremblay, Mickael Begon
The aims of this study were to investigate the differences in peak muscle activity and recruitment patterns during high- and low-velocity, concentric and eccentric, internal and external isokinetic shoulder rotations. Electromyographic activity of the rotator cuff and eight superficial muscles of the shoulder girdle was recorded on 25 healthy adults during isokinetic internal and external shoulder rotation at 60°/s and 240°/s. Peak muscle activity, electromyographic envelopes and peak isokinetic moments were analyzed using three-factor ANOVA and statistical parametric mapping...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664224/complex-surgery-for-locally-advanced-bone-and-soft-tissue-sarcomas-of-the-shoulder-girdle
#17
Jan Lesenský, Andreas F Mavrogenis, Vasilios G Igoumenou, Zdenek Matejovsky, Karel Nemec, Panayiotis J Papagelopoulos, Nicola Fabbri
Surgical management of primary musculoskeletal tumors of the shoulder girdle is cognitively and technically demanding. Over the last decades, advances in the medical treatments, imaging and surgical techniques have fostered limb salvage surgery and reduced the need for amputation. Despite well-accepted general principles, an individualized approach is often necessary to accommodate tumor extension, anatomical challenges and patient characteristics. A combination of techniques is often required to achieve optimal oncologic and durable functional outcome...
August 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656642/influence-of-cervical-thoracic-and-lumbar-spines-and-shoulder-girdle-range-of-motion-on-swallowing-function-of-dependent-older-adults
#18
Munetsugu Tashiro, Yasutoshi Honda, Mai Ohkubo, Tetsuya Sugiyama, Ryo Ishida
AIM: The present study examined the cervical, thoracic and lumbar spines, and shoulder girdle range of motion (ROM) of dependent older adults to clarify the influence of these variables on swallowing function, in order to evaluate the efficiency of ROM training to maintain older adults' swallowing function. METHODS: A total of 37 (mean age 86.8 ± 6.2 years; 11 men; 26 women) dependent older adults were included in the study. The level of swallowing function was assessed using the Functional Oral Intake Scale...
June 28, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652066/effects-of-scapular-stabilization-exercise-training-on-scapular-kinematics-disability-and-pain-in-subacromial-impingement-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Elif Turgut, Irem Duzgun, Gul Baltaci
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of two different exercise programs on three-dimensional scapular kinematics, disability, and pain in participants with subacromial impingement syndrome (SIS). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Outpatient clinic and research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty participants who were diagnosed with SIS and who also exhibited scapular dyskinesis. INTERVENTIONS: The participants were randomized in two different exercise groups: 1) shoulder girdle stretching and strengthening with additional scapular stabilization exercises based on a kinetic chain approach (intervention group), and 2) shoulder girdle stretching and strengthening exercises only (control group)...
June 23, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651229/coverage-of-complex-defects-of-the-shoulder-girdle-and-posterior-neck-triangle-following-tumor-resection
#20
Noha M Al-Qattan, Mohammad M Al-Qattan, Rajeev Pant
INTRODUCTION: Numerous pedicle and free flaps have been used to cover complex defects of the shoulder girdle and posterior neck triangle following tumor resection. We describe our choice of flap selection in these patients with case examples. PRESENTATION OF CASES: Three cases examples demonstrate our choice of flap selection. In the first case, an anterior shoulder girdle defect is covered by an anteriorly transposed latissimus dorsi muscle flap. The second case demonstrates the coverage of a posterior shoulder girdle defect by a posteriorly transposed latissimus dorsi muscle flap...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
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