Read by QxMD icon Read

Neonatal rct

Christina Krudy, Kavita Shah Arora
The United States, along with other resource-rich countries, leads global health care by advancing medical care through randomized controlled trials (RCTs). While most medical research is conducted in these resource-rich areas, RCTs, including replications of previous trials, are additionally carried out in low- and middle-income countries. On the basis of positive findings from several RCTs conducted in high-income countries, the Antenatal Corticosteroids Trial (ACT) evaluated the effectiveness of antenatal corticosteroids in reducing neonatal mortality in low- and middle-income countries...
March 1, 2018: AMA Journal of Ethics
Yuan Shi, Yan-Ru Chen, Long Chen
Real world study (RWS) has attracted more and more attention of neonatologists since it involves less clinical intervention and is closer to actual clinical conditions. Generally speaking, RWS means to select treatment measures based on the internal efficacy and safety verified by randomized controlled trials (RCTs), more representative samples, and patients' actual conditions and their guardians' will and conduct follow-up evaluation of short- and long-term outcomes, in order to further evaluate the external efficacy and safety of interventional measures...
March 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Javier A Schvartzman, Hugo Krupitzki, Mario Merialdi, Ana Pilar Betrán, Jennifer Requejo, My Huong Nguyen, Effy Vayena, Angel E Fiorillo, Enrique C Gadow, Francisco M Vizcaino, Felicitas von Petery, Victoria Marroquin, María Luisa Cafferata, Agustina Mazzoni, Valerie Vannevel, Robert C Pattinson, A Metin Gülmezoglu, Fernando Althabe, Mercedes Bonet
BACKGROUND: A prolonged and complicated second stage of labour is associated with serious perinatal complications. The Odon device is an innovation intended to perform instrumental vaginal delivery presently under development. We present an evaluation of the feasibility and safety of delivery with early prototypes of this device from an early terminated clinical study. METHODS: Hospital-based, multi-phased, open-label, pilot clinical study with no control group in tertiary hospitals in Argentina and South Africa...
March 12, 2018: Reproductive Health
Jason N Moore, Marc R Gastonguay, Chee M Ng, Susan C Adeniyi-Jones, David E Moody, Wenfang B Fang, Michelle E Ehrlich, Walter K Kraft
Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) is a condition affecting newborns that are exposed to an opioid in utero. In a randomized, controlled trial assessing the efficacy of buprenorphine and morphine in NAS, blood samples were analyzed from a subset of patients receiving buprenorphine along with NAS scores. The data were used to validate and adapt an existing model of buprenorphine in neonates and to identify relationships between buprenorphine or norbuprenorphine pharmacokinetics (PK) and efficacy or safety. The time to NAS stabilization was found to decrease with increasing buprenorphine exposure...
March 8, 2018: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Michael P Meyer, Elizabeth Nevill, Maisie M Wong
BACKGROUND: Placental transfusion (by means of delayed cord clamping (DCC), cord milking, or cord stripping) confers benefits for preterm infants. It is not known if providing respiratory support to preterm infants before cord clamping improves outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and safety of respiratory support provided during DCC compared with no respiratory support during placental transfusion (in the form of DCC, milking, or stripping) in preterm infants immediately after delivery...
March 8, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Sandra E Juul, Bryan A Comstock, Patrick J Heagerty, Dennis E Mayock, Amy M Goodman, Stephanie Hauge, Fernando Gonzalez, Yvonne W Wu
BACKGROUND: Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) remains an important cause of neonatal death and frequently leads to significant long-term disability in survivors. Therapeutic hypothermia, while beneficial, still leaves many treated infants with lifelong disabilities. Adjunctive therapies are needed, and erythropoietin (Epo) has the potential to provide additional neuroprotection. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to review the current incidence, mechanism of injury, and sequelae of HIE, and to describe a new phase III randomized, placebo-controlled trial of Epo neuroprotection in term and near-term infants with moderate to severe HIE treated with therapeutic hypothermia...
March 7, 2018: Neonatology
Víctor Lago Leal, Loida Pamplona Bueno, Lucía Cabanillas Vilaplana, Estefanía Nicolás Montero, Mónica Martín Blanco, Cristina Fernández Romero, Sara El Bakkali, Tamara Pradillo Aramendi, Lara Sobrino Lorenzano, Paula Castellano Esparza, Esther Ballesteros Benito, Nieves Rayo Navarro, Pablo Del Barrio Fernández, Vanesa Ocaña Martínez, Luis Martínez Cortés
OBJECTIVE: To assess the short and medium-term effects of milking maneuver (MM) compared with early cord clamping for infants born before 37 weeks of pregnancy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 138 infants between 24+0 and 36+6 weeks of gestation were allocated to MM or early cord clamping. Primary outcomes were the requirement of red blood cell transfusions or phototherapy. RESULTS: Initial hemoglobin was significantly higher in the MM group by 1.675 g/dL (p < 0...
March 5, 2018: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
Mhd Wael Alrifai, David P Mulherin, Stuart T Weinberg, Li Wang, Christoph U Lehmann
BACKGROUND: Management of neonatal parenteral protein intake for preterm infants is challenging and requires daily modifications of the dose to account for the infant's postnatal age, birth weight, current weight, and the volume and protein concentration of concurrent enteral nutrition. The objective of this study was to create and evaluate the Parenteral Protein Calculator (PPC), a clinical decision support system to improve the accuracy of protein intake for preterm infants who require parenteral nutrition (PN)...
January 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Smita Akkinapally, Shilpa G Hundalani, Madhulika Kulkarni, Caraciolo J Fernandes, Antonio G Cabrera, Binoy Shivanna, Mohan Pammi
BACKGROUND: Prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) is used to keep the ductus arteriosus patent and can be life-saving in neonates with ductal-dependent cardiac lesions. PGE1 is used to promote mixing of pulmonary and systemic blood flow or improve pulmonary or systemic circulations, prior to balloon atrial septostomy or surgery. PGE1 therapy may cause several short-term and long-term adverse effects. The efficacy and safety of PGE1 in neonates with ductal-dependent cardiac lesions has not been systematically reviewed...
February 27, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Bonnie Stevens, Janet Yamada, Marsha Campbell-Yeo, Sharyn Gibbins, Denise Harrison, Kimberley Dionne, Anna Taddio, Carol McNair, Andrew Willan, Marilyn Ballantyne, Kimberley Widger, Souraya Sidani, Carole Estabrooks, Anne Synnes, Janet Squires, Charles Victor, Shirine Riahi
BACKGROUND: Orally administered sucrose is effective and safe in reducing pain intensity during single, tissue-damaging procedures in neonates, and is commonly recommended in neonatal pain guidelines. However, there is wide variability in sucrose doses examined in research, and more than a 20-fold variation across neonatal care settings. The aim of this study was to determine the minimally effective dose of 24% sucrose for reducing pain in hospitalized neonates undergoing a single skin-breaking heel lance procedure...
February 23, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Vidit Bhargava, Lovya George, Michael Malloy, Rafael Fonseca
OBJECTIVE:  Peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) line removal is associated with bloodstream infections and clinical sepsis. We aim to investigate the role of a single prophylactic dose of vancomycin in decreasing the incidence of central line associated bloodstream infection associated with PICC removal. METHODS:  A retrospective chart review of patients in the neonatal intensive care unit was conducted. Patients were divided into two study groups based on whether a single dose of vancomycin was administered (exposed) or not (nonexposed)...
February 23, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
Gabriella Comunián-Carrasco, Guiomar E Peña-Martí, Arturo J Martí-Carvajal
BACKGROUND: Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted infection that is caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and is a major public health challenge today. N gonorrhoeae can be transmitted from the mother's genital tract to the newborn during birth, and can cause gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum as well as systemic neonatal infections. It can also cause endometritis and pelvic sepsis in the mother. This review updates and replaces an earlier Cochrane Review on antibiotics for treating this infectious condition...
February 21, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Mohamed Mohamed Tawfik, Amany Ismail Tarbay, Ahmed Mohamed Elaidy, Karim Ali Awad, Hanaa Mohamed Ezz, Mohamed Ahmed Tolba
BACKGROUND: The optimal strategy of fluid administration during spinal anesthesia for cesarean delivery is still unclear. Ultrasonography of the inferior vena cava (IVC) has been recently used to assess the volume status and predict fluid responsiveness. In this double-blind, randomized controlled study, we compared maternal hemodynamics using a combination of 500-mL colloid preload and 500-mL crystalloid coload versus 1000-mL crystalloid coload. We assessed the IVC at baseline and at subsequent time points after spinal anesthesia...
February 14, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Dilek Dilli, Nazan Neslihan Doğan, Mehmet Şah İpek, Yunus Çavuş, Serdar Ceylaner, Haldun Doğan, Arzu Dursun, Tuncay Küçüközkan, Ayşegül Zenciroğlu
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effects of maternal fish oil supplementation in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) on birthweight and DNA methylation at insulin like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) gene in their offspring. METHODS: Randomized controlled trial. A total of 120 women with GDM were randomized to one of the two groups between 24 and 28 weeks of the pregnancy: Group 1 (n = 52) received fish oil liquid softgel (Ocean plus®) and Group 2 (Placebo) (n = 68) sunflower oil liquid softgel...
February 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
Letizia Capasso, Angela C Borrelli, Maria R Pirozzi, Laura Bucci, Roberta Albachiara, Teresa Ferrara, Francesco Raimondi
BACKGROUND: Immunoglobulin supplementation is a debated strategy in fighting sepsis. We evaluated a polyclonal IgM and IgA enriched immunoglobulin (IgMeIVIG) preparation in reducing the short term mortality in extremely low birth weight neonates (ELBW) with proven infection. METHODS: ELBW infants born from January 2008 to December 2014 were eligible for this retrospective casecontrol analysis if they were symptomatic and had a positive blood culture after 72hours of life...
February 19, 2018: Minerva Pediatrica
Naricha Chirakalwasan, Somvang Amnakkittikul, Ekasitt Wanitcharoenkul, Suranut Charoensri, Sunee Saetung, Suwannee Chanprasertyothin, La-Or Chailurkit, Panyu Panburana, Sommart Bumrungphuet, Ammarin Takkinstian, Sirimon Reutrakul
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). This study assessed the effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in obese pregnant females with GDM and OSA. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted (April 2014 - June 2016). Obese females at 24 to 34 weeks gestation and with diet-controlled GDM were screened for OSA. Those with OSA were randomly assigned to receive 2 weeks nightly CPAP or be part of a waitlist control group...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Nurul Iftida Basri, Zaleha Abdullah Mahdy, Shuhaila Ahmad, Abdul Kadir Abdul Karim, Lim Pei Shan, Mohd Rizal Abdul Manaf, Nor Azlin Mohd Ismail
Background Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a common medical complication in pregnancy. The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of GDM using the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria and the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Group (IADPSG) criteria in our population. We further compared the incidence of adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes in women diagnosed with GDM using these criteria and determined whether the IADPSG criteria is suitable in our population. Methods This randomized controlled trial was conducted at our antenatal clinic involving 520 patients from 1st February 2015 until 30th September 2017...
February 17, 2018: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
Surya Prasad Rimal, Pappu Rijal, Rabindra Bhatt, Kriti Thapa
INTRODUCTION: Magnesium sulfate is the drug of choice for prevention of seizures in the pre-eclamptic woman. There is no agreement in the published randomized trials regarding the optimal time to initiate magnesium sulfate, the dose to use (both loading and maintenance) as well as the duration of therapy. The objective of this study is to determine whether magnesium sulfate prophylaxis is needed for up to 24 hours postpartum in all patients with severe pre-eclampsia for the prevention of seizure...
October 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
Adel M Nada, Reham A Mohsen, Yosra M Hassan, Amira Sabry, Noha S Soliman
BACKGROUND: Maternal rectal enemas may reduce neonatal bacterial exposure during labour; this may reduce the risk of neonatal colonization with Clostridium difficile. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a saline enema during the first stage of labour in reducing neonatal colonization with C. difficile. METHODS: The study was conducted in Cairo University Hospital from January 2016 to July 2016. Asymptomatic mothers with uncomplicated vaginal delivery and their neonates without diarrhea were included...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Hospital Infection
Josh E Petrikin, Julie A Cakici, Michelle M Clark, Laurel K Willig, Nathaly M Sweeney, Emily G Farrow, Carol J Saunders, Isabelle Thiffault, Neil A Miller, Lee Zellmer, Suzanne M Herd, Anne M Holmes, Serge Batalov, Narayanan Veeraraghavan, Laurie D Smith, David P Dimmock, J Steven Leeder, Stephen F Kingsmore
Genetic disorders are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in infants in neonatal and pediatric intensive care units (NICU/PICU). While genomic sequencing is useful for genetic disease diagnosis, results are usually reported too late to guide inpatient management. We performed an investigator-initiated, partially blinded, pragmatic, randomized, controlled trial to test the hypothesis that rapid whole-genome sequencing (rWGS) increased the proportion of NICU/PICU infants receiving a genetic diagnosis within 28 days...
2018: NPJ Genomic Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"