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Zofran pediatric vomiting

Chris Ramsook, Ivonne Sahagun-Carreon, Claudia A Kozinetz, Donna Moro-Sutherland
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Vomiting in children suffering from acute gastroenteritis interferes with the oral rehydration process and equally frustrates parents and health care providers. Adjuncts such as promethazine and metoclopramide are less than optimally effective and are associated with side effects. Ondansetron, a 5-HT3 receptor antagonist marketed as Zofran, is a safe and effective antiemetic used extensively in oncology and postoperative patients. We evaluate the effect of the antiemetic ondansetron versus placebo on the clinical outcome of patients with vomiting from gastroenteritis in a pediatric emergency department...
April 2002: Annals of Emergency Medicine
V L Tyc, R K Mulhern, D R Barclay, B F Smith, A A Bieberich
Investigated the prevalence of anticipatory nausea and vomiting (ANV) among 59 pediatric cancer patients who had routinely received ondansetron (Zofran) antiemetic therapy and determined patient- and treatment-related factors associated with ANV. Of the sample, 59% indicated at least mild ANV symptoms, suggesting that a significant number of patients report ANV and are bothered by it, despite the use of Zofran. These children were compared to those reporting no ANV symptoms. Most ANV symptomatology was consistent with a traditional classical conditioning model although cognitive processes may also play a role...
February 1997: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
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