keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

cytokines metabolic

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546539/microbiota-modulation-counteracts-alzheimer-s-disease-progression-influencing-neuronal-proteolysis-and-gut-hormones-plasma-levels
#1
Laura Bonfili, Valentina Cecarini, Sara Berardi, Silvia Scarpona, Jan S Suchodolski, Cinzia Nasuti, Dennis Fiorini, Maria Chiara Boarelli, Giacomo Rossi, Anna Maria Eleuteri
Gut microbiota has a proven role in regulating multiple neuro-chemical pathways through the highly interconnected gut-brain axis. Oral bacteriotherapy thus has potential in the treatment of central nervous system-related pathologies, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). Current AD treatments aim to prevent onset, delay progression and ameliorate symptoms. In this work, 3xTg-AD mice in the early stage of AD were treated with SLAB51 probiotic formulation, thereby affecting the composition of gut microbiota and its metabolites...
May 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545248/ephedra-treated-donor-derived-gut-microbiota-transplantation-ameliorates-high-fat-diet-induced-obesity-in-rats
#2
Jing-Hua Wang, Bong-Soo Kim, Kyungsun Han, Hojun Kim
Changes in gut microbiota (GM) are closely associated with metabolic syndrome, obesity, type 2 diabetes and so on. Several medicinal herbs, including Ephedra sinica (Es), have anti-obesity effects that ameliorate metabolic disorders. Therefore, in this study we evaluated whether Es maintains its anti-obesity effect through Es-altered gut microbiota (EsM) transplantation. GM was isolated from cecal contents of Es treated and untreated rats following repeated transplants into obese rats via oral gavage over three weeks...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544936/effect-of-follicular-dendritic-cell-secreted-protein-on-gene-expression-of-human-periodontal-ligament-cells
#3
Lin Xiang, Na Xin, Ying Yuan, Xiaogang Hou, Junwei Chen, Na Wei, Ping Gong
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the specific roles of follicular dendritic cell secreted protein (FDC-SP), a protein exists in saliva, in the inhibition of calcium precipitation during periodontal regeneration, as well as affect phenotype expression of human periodontal ligament cells (hPDLCs) during the differentiation process. DESIGN: To investigate this, we applied microarray technology to identify gene expression changes in hPDLCs transfected with FDC-SP and then clustered them according to their biological functions...
May 17, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542929/the-immune-response-to-prevotella-bacteria-in-chronic-inflammatory-disease
#4
REVIEW
Jeppe Madura Larsen
The microbiota plays a central role in human health and disease by shaping immune development, immune responses, metabolism, and protecting from invading pathogens. Technical advances that allow comprehensive characterization of microbial communities by genetic sequencing have sparked the hunt for disease modulating bacteria. Emerging studies in humans have linked increased abundance of Prevotella species at mucosal sites to localized and systemic disease, including periodontitis, bacterial vaginosis, rheumatoid arthritis, metabolic disorders, and low-grade systemic inflammation...
May 19, 2017: Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540715/the-role-of-endothelial-lipase-in-lipid-metabolism-inflammation-and-cancer
#5
REVIEW
Justine E Yu, Shu-Yan Han, Benjamin Wolfson, Qun Zhou
Endothelial lipase (LIPG) plays a critical role in lipoprotein metabolism, cytokine expression, and the lipid composition of cells. Thus far, the extensive investigations of LIPG have focused on its mechanisms and involvement in metabolic syndromes such as atherosclerosis. However, recent developments have found that LIPG plays a role in cancer. This review summarizes the field of LIPG study. We focus on the role of LIPG in lipid metabolism and the inflammatory response, and highlight the recent insights in its involvement in tumor progression...
May 25, 2017: Histology and Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539704/comparison-of-antidiabetic-medications-during-the-treatment-of-atherosclerosis-in-t2dm-patients
#6
Xiaojie Liu, Tao Mei, Wei Chen, Shandong Ye
Type 2 diabetes is often associated with arterial atherosclerosis in large blood vessels. We set out to elucidate whether commonly used antidiabetic drugs metformin, sitagliptin, and pioglitazone will reduce atherosclerosis in T2DM patients. We enrolled 176 individuals with type 2 diabetes, which were divided into four treatment groups according to different oral drugs: metformin alone, sitagliptin alone, pioglitazone alone, or combination of metformin and sitagliptin. We assessed changes in glycometabolism, lipid metabolism, cytokine released, and carotid artery intima-media thickness as the readout for improvement in atherosclerosis...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539269/ursodeoxycholic-acid-attenuates-experimental-autoimmune-arthritis-by-targeting-th17-and-inducing-pampk-and-transcriptional-corepressor-smile
#7
Eun Jung Lee, Jeong-Eun Kwon, Min-Jung Park, KyungAh Jung, Da-Som Kim, Eun-Kyung Kim, Seung Hoon Lee, Jong Young Choi, Sung-Hwan Park, Mi-La Cho
BACKGROUND: Ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA), also known ursodiol, is a secondary bile acid. It has been known that UDCA has prominent effects on liver, however, there is little known about its influence on autoimmune disease. Here, the benefit of UDCA on arthritis rheumatoid (RA) in vivo was tested. METHODS: RA mouse were induced using collagen II (CIA, collagen induced arthritis) where the disease severity or UDCA-related signaling pathway such as AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) or small heterodimer partner interacting leucine zipper protein (SMILE) was evaluated by westerblot and immunohistochemical staining...
May 21, 2017: Immunology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539244/manganese-exposure-induces-neuroinflammation-by-impairing-mitochondrial-dynamics-in-astrocytes
#8
Souvarish Sarkar, Emir Malovic, Dilshan S Harischandra, Hilary A Ngwa, Anamitra Ghosh, Colleen Hogan, Dharmin Rokad, Gary Zenitsky, Huajun Jin, Vellareddy Anantharam, Anumantha G Kanthasamy, Arthi Kanthasamy
Chronic manganese (Mn) exposure induces neurotoxicity, which is characterized by Parkinsonian symptoms resulting from impairment in the extrapyramidal motor system of the basal ganglia. Mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress are considered key pathophysiological features of Mn neurotoxicity. Recent evidence suggests astrocytes as a major target of Mn neurotoxicity since Mn accumulates predominantly in astrocytes. However, the primary mechanisms underlying Mn-induced astroglial dysfunction and its role in metal neurotoxicity are not completely understood...
May 21, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537216/regulation-of-drug-metabolizing-enzymes-in-infectious-and-inflammatory-disease-implications-for-biologics-small-molecule-drug-interactions
#9
Pankajini Mallick, Guncha Taneja, Bhagavatula Moorthy, Romi Ghose
Drug-metabolizing enzymes (DMEs) are primarily down-regulated during infectious and inflammatory diseases, leading to disruption in the metabolism of small molecule drugs (smds), which are increasingly being prescribed therapeutically in combination with biologics for a number of chronic diseases. The biologics may exert pro- or anti-inflammatory effect, which may in turn affect the expression/activity of DMEs. Thus, patients with infectious/inflammatory diseases undergoing biologic/smd treatment can have complex changes in DMEs due to combined effects of the disease and treatment...
June 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Metabolism & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536758/serum-levels-of-adipokines-in-patients-with-idiopathic-inflammatory-myopathies-a-pilot-study
#10
Javier Loaiza-Félix, Mariana Moreno-Ramírez, F Luis Pérez-García, Valentín Jiménez-Rojas, Fausto Sánchez-Muñoz, M Luis Amezcua-Guerra
Adipokines are cytokines not only regulating metabolic and endocrine activities, but also modulating inflammatory and immune responses in several clinical settings, including autoimmunity. This study was aimed to evaluate whether serum adipokine levels may be useful as markers of disease activity in patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM). Adiponectin, leptin, chemokine C-C motif ligand-2 (CCL2), interleukin (IL)-6, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) were measured in the serum of all participants...
May 23, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536293/peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-%C3%AE-agonism-attenuates-endotoxaemia-induced-muscle-protein-loss-and-lactate-accumulation-in%C3%A2-rats
#11
Hannah Crossland, Dumitru Constantin-Teodosiu, Sheila Gardiner, Paul Greenhaff
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) agonist rosiglitazone (Rosi) appears to provide protection against organ dysfunction during endotoxaemia. We examined the potential benefits of Rosi on skeletal muscle protein maintenance and carbohydrate metabolism during lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced endotoxaemia. Sprague-Dawley rats were fed either standard chow (control) or standard chow containing Rosi (8.5±0.1 mg(.)kg(-1.)day(-1)) for two weeks before and during 24 h continuous intravenous infusion of LPS (15 μg(...
May 23, 2017: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536142/augmented-tme-o-glcnacylation-promotes-tumor-proliferation-through-the-inhibition-of-p38-mapk
#12
Kazumasa Moriwaki, Michio Asahi
O-GlcNAcylation is a dynamic O-linked glycosylation event that plays a crucial role in regulating cellular signaling. Recent studies indicate that increased O-GlcNAcylation is a general feature in cancer and contributes to various cancer phenotypes, including cell proliferation, survival, invasion, metastasis, and energy metabolism. However, the role of O-GlcNAcylation in the tumor microenvironment (TME) is not fully elucidated. Here, B16 melanoma cells were subcutaneously transplanted into O-GlcNAc transferase transgenic (Ogt-Tg) mice exhibiting elevated O-GlcNAcylation to examine the effect of O-GlcNAcylation in the TME on tumor progression...
May 23, 2017: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535646/-the-research-advances-in-the-relationship-between-visfatin-and-cancer
#13
W Y Tian, Y M Wang, Y F Zhang, F X Xue
Visfatin is a cytokine secreted by visceral adipose tissue, which plays an important role in obesity, diabetes, insulin resistance, atherosclerosis and polycystic ovarian syndrome. Additionally, visfatin is also involved in the metabolic syndrome-associated malignancies such as breast, colon, gastric and endometrial cancers. Visfatin inhibitor might be a potential antitumor therapeutic strategy for inhibiting the growth of many cancers.
May 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535598/antarctic-seals-molecular-biomarkers-as-indicators-for-pollutant-exposure-health-effects-and-diet
#14
K Lehnert, L Weirup, K C Harding, T Härkönen, O Karlsson, J Teilmann
Weddell (Leptonychotes weddellii), Ross (Ommatophoca rossii) and crabeater seals (Lobodon carcinophaga) are phocid seals with a circumpolar distribution around Antarctica. As long-lived and large top predators, they bioaccumulate contaminants and are considered as sentinels of ecosystem health. Antarctic seals are increasingly exposed to climate change, pollution, shipping and fisheries. To reveal and understand possible anthropogenic impacts on their immune and health status, this study investigates sensitive biomarkers of the xenobiotic metabolism and immune system in relation to mercury (Hg) burden...
May 19, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535416/the-role-of-timing-in-the-treatment-of-spinal-cord-injury
#15
REVIEW
Amene Saghazadeh, Nima Rezaei
Regeneration failure after primary spinal cord injury (SCI) leads to diverse clinical complications in a severity- and level of SCI-dependent manner. The cost of treating both of them (initial regeneration failure and following complications) would be prohibitive, particularly in less developed nations. The well-recognized circumstances arose from primary SCI include excitotoxicity and inflammation. SCI increases concentrations of extracellular amino acids (EAAs) in the severity-dependent manner and the maximum level of EAAs at the injury site will be reduced by distance from the injury site...
May 20, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534998/proliferation%C3%A2-inhibiting-pathways-in-liver-regeneration-review
#16
Menggang Liu, Ping Chen
Liver regeneration, an orchestrated process, is the primary compensatory mechanism following liver injury caused by various factors. The process of liver regeneration consists of three stages: Initiation, proliferation and termination. Proliferation‑promoting factors, which stimulate the recovery of mitosis in quiescent hepatocytes, are essential in the initiation and proliferation steps of liver regeneration. Proliferation‑promoting factors act as the 'motor' of liver regeneration, whereas proliferation inhibitors arrest cell proliferation when the remnant liver reaches a suitable size...
May 19, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533752/protocatechuic-acid-a-phenolic-from-sansevieria-roxburghiana-leaves-suppresses-diabetic-cardiomyopathy-via-stimulating-glucose-metabolism-ameliorating-oxidative-stress-and-inhibiting-inflammation
#17
Niloy Bhattacharjee, Tarun K Dua, Ritu Khanra, Swarnalata Joardar, Ashis Nandy, Achintya Saha, Vincenzo De Feo, Saikat Dewanjee
Persistent hyperglycemia, impairment of redox status and establishment of inflammatory pathophysiology integrally play important role in the pathogenesis of diabetic cardiomyopathy (DC). Present study examined the therapeutic potential of protocatechuic acid isolated from the Sansevieria roxburghiana rhizomes against DC employing rodent model of type 2 diabetes (T2D). T2D was induced by high fat diet + a low-single dose of streptozotocin (35 mg/kg, i.p.). T2D rats exhibited significantly (p < 0.01) high fasting blood glucose level...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533521/hepatocyte-shp-1-is-a-critical-modulator-of-inflammation-during-endotoxemia
#18
Anupam Adhikari, Caroline Martel, André Marette, Martin Olivier
Liver hepatocytes (Hep) are known to be central players during the inflammatory response to systemic infection. Interestingly, the protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTP) SHP-1, has been recognized as a major regulator of inflammation; however their implication in the control of Hep-mediated inflammatory response is still unknown. To study its implication in the regulation of the Hep-mediated inflammatory response during endotoxemia, Cre-Lox mice with a Hep-specific Ptpn6 deletion (Ptpn6 (H-KO) ) were injected with LPS...
May 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533471/the-atypical-response-regulator-atvr-is-a-new-player-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-response-to-hypoxia-and-virulence
#19
Gilberto Hideo Kaihami, Leandro Carvalho Dantas Breda, José Roberto Fogaça de Almeida, Thays de Oliveira Pereira, Gianlucca Gonçalves Nicastro, Ana Laura Boechat, Sandro Rogério de Almeida, Regina Lúcia Baldini
Two-component systems are widespread in bacteria, allowing adaptation to environmental changes. The classical pathway is composed by a histidine kinase that phosphorylates an aspartate residue in the cognate response regulator (RR). RRs lacking the phosphorylable aspartate also occur, but their function and contribution during host-pathogen interaction are poorly characterized. AtvR (PA14_26570) is the only atypical response regulator with a DNA-binding domain in the opportunistic pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa Macrophage infection with the atvR mutant strain resulted in higher TNF-α secretion as well as increased bacterial clearance as compared to macrophages infected with the wild-type strain...
May 22, 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533262/acute-and-chronic-changes-in-rat-soleus-muscle-after-high-fat-high-sucrose-diet
#20
Kelsey H Collins, David A Hart, Ian C Smith, Anthony M Issler, Raylene A Reimer, Ruth A Seerattan, Jaqueline L Rios, Walter Herzog
The effects of obesity on different musculoskeletal tissues are not well understood. The glycolytic quadriceps muscles are compromised with obesity, but due to its high oxidative capacity, the soleus muscle may be protected against obesity-induced muscle damage. To determine the time-course relationship between a high-fat/high-sucrose (HFS) metabolic challenge and soleus muscle integrity, defined as intramuscular fat invasion, fibrosis and molecular alterations over six time points. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed a HFS diet (n = 64) and killed at serial short-term (3 days, 1 week, 2 weeks, 4 weeks) and long-term (12 weeks, 28 weeks) time points...
May 2017: Physiological Reports
keyword
keyword
109836
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"