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screening motor development child

Yasmin Iles-Caven, Jean Golding, Steven Gregory, Alan Emond, Caroline M Taylor
As part of the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), measures of early child development were collected using both hands-on expert assessment (on a random 10% sub-sample) by trained psychologists at 18 months using the Griffiths Mental Development Scales (Extended 0-8 years) and from detailed questionnaires completed by the study mothers on the whole cohort using assessments based on the Denver Developmental Screening Test. The development determined by the psychologists on the 10% subsample showed a correlation of 0...
December 2016: Data in Brief
Liam J B Hill, Rachel O Coats, Faisal Mushtaq, Justin H G Williams, Lorna S Aucott, Mark Mon-Williams
Attention underpins many activities integral to a child's development. However, methodological limitations currently make large-scale assessment of children's attentional skill impractical, costly and lacking in ecological validity. Consequently we developed a measure of 'Visual Motor Attention' (VMA)-a construct defined as the ability to sustain and adapt visuomotor behaviour in response to task-relevant visual information. In a series of experiments, we evaluated the capability of our method to measure attentional processes and their contributions in guiding visuomotor behaviour...
2016: PloS One
Caroline Trumpff, Jean De Schepper, Johan Vanderfaeillie, Nathalie Vercruysse, Herman Van Oyen, Rodrigo Moreno-Reyes, Jean Tafforeau, Stefanie Vandevijvere
OBJECTIVE: Thyroid hormones are essential for normal brain development. The aim of this study is to assess if high concentration of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) that is below the clinical threshold (5-15 mIU/L) at neonatal screening is linked to psychomotor development impairments in the offspring at preschool age. DESIGN: A total of 284 Belgian preschool children 4-6 years old and their mothers were included in the study. The children were randomly selected from the total list of neonates screened in 2008, 2009 and 2010 by the Brussels newborn screening centre...
July 8, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Nilay Comuk-Balci, Birgul Bayoglu, Agah Tekindal, Mintaze Kerem-Gunel, Banu Anlar
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of gender and family factors on performance in the fine motor domain of the Denver II developmental screening test. [Subjects and Methods] Data were obtained from 2038 healthy children, 999 boys (49%) and 1039 girls (51%) in four age groups: 0-24 months (57%), 25-40 months (21.1%), 41-56 months (10.4%), and 57-82 months (11.5%). [Results] Female gender, higher maternal age, especially in children older than 24 months, and higher maternal education were associated with earlier accomplishment of fine motor items...
March 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
P Encarnação, T Leite, C Nunes, M Nunes da Ponte, K Adams, A Cook, A Caiado, J Pereira, G Piedade, M Ribeiro
PURPOSE: This paper describes the development and test of physical and virtual integrated augmentative manipulation and communication assistive technologies (IAMCATs) that enable children with motor and speech impairments to manipulate educational items by controlling a robot with a gripper, while communicating through a speech generating device. METHOD: Nine children with disabilities, nine regular and nine special education teachers participated in the study. Teachers adapted academic activities so they could also be performed by the children with disabilities using the IAMCAT...
April 26, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Yihun Mulugeta Alemu, Gashaw Andargie, Ejigu Gebeye
OBJECTIVE: To identify the incidence of and predictors for tuberculosis in children living with HIV in Northern Ethiopia. DESIGN: Observational, retrospective follow-up study. METHODS: A total of 645 HIV-infected children were observed between September 2009 and September 2014. Cox regression analysis was used to identify predictors for developing TB. RESULTS: The incidence rate of tuberculosis was 4.2 per 100 child-years...
2016: PloS One
G Bastanza, R Gallus, M De Carlini, P M Picciotti, E Muzzi, E Ciciriello, E Orzan, G Conti
Diagnosis of child permanent hearing impairment (PHI) can be made with extreme timeliness compared to the past thanks to improvements in PHI identification through newborn hearing screening programmes. It now becomes essential to provide an effective amplification as quickly as possible in order to restore auditory function and favour speech and language development. The early fitting of hearing aids and possible later cochlear implantation indeed prompts the development of central auditory pathways, connections with secondary sensory brain areas, as well as with motor and articulatory cortex...
February 2016: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
Mei-Hua Lee, Rajiv Ranganathan, Florian A Kagerer, Ranjan Mukherjee
BACKGROUND: There has been a recent interest in the development of body-machine interfaces which allow individuals with motor impairments to control assistive devices using body movements. METHODS: In this case study, we report findings in the context of the development of such an interface for a 10-year old child with congenital absence of upper and lower limbs. The interface consisted of 4 wireless inertial measurement units (IMUs), which we used to map movements of the upper body to the position of a cursor on a screen...
2016: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
Erik Sigmund, Dagmar Sigmundová, Petr Baďura, Jaroslava Voráčová
AIM: Uncovering the influences of parents' behaviour on their children's physical activity provides an insight into the lifestyle of families and development of effective family-based interventions. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between parents' behaviour (step count (SC) and screen time (ST)) and children's SC on weekdays and at weekends. METHODS: The participants (388 parents aged 35-45 and their 485 children aged 9-12) were randomly recruited from 21 Czech government funded primary schools...
November 2015: Central European Journal of Public Health
Nebiye Yentur Doni, Fadile Yildiz Zeyrek, Zeynep Simsek, Gulcan Gurses, İbrahim Sahin
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the risk factors for and relationship among parasitic infections, growth retardation, and psychomotor developmental delays in children aged 6 years and below. METHODS: This case-control study was performed in Şanlıurfa in southeastern Turkey between October and December 2007. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire, anthropometry, Ankara Development Screening Inventory, and laboratory analysis of stool specimens...
December 2015: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
Lynn T Singer, Derek G Moore, Meeyoung O Min, Julia Goodwin, John J D Turner, Sarah Fulton, Andrew C Parrott
BACKGROUND: Recreational use of 3,4 methylenedioxymethamphetamine (ecstasy, MDMA) is increasing worldwide. Its use by pregnant women causes concern due to potentially harmful effects on the developing fetus. MDMA, an indirect monoaminergic agonist and reuptake inhibitor, affects the serotonin and dopamine systems. Preclinical studies of fetal exposure demonstrate effects on learning, motor behavior, and memory. In the first human studies, we found prenatal MDMA exposure related to poorer motor development in the first year of life...
March 2016: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
Nadia Alahyane, Christelle Lemoine-Lardennois, Coline Tailhefer, Thérèse Collins, Jacqueline Fagard, Karine Doré-Mazars
From birth, infants move their eyes to explore their environment, interact with it, and progressively develop a multitude of motor and cognitive abilities. The characteristics and development of oculomotor control in early childhood remain poorly understood today. Here, we examined reaction time and amplitude of saccadic eye movements in 93 7- to 42-month-old children while they oriented toward visual animated cartoon characters appearing at unpredictable locations on a computer screen over 140 trials. Results revealed that saccade performance is immature in children compared to a group of adults: Saccade reaction times were longer, and saccade amplitude relative to target location (10° eccentricity) was shorter...
2016: Journal of Vision
Márcia Wanderley de Moraes, Ana Paula Rodrigues Weber, Marcela de Castro E Oliveira Santos, Fabiane de Amorim Almeida
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the neuropsychomotor development of children treated in an outpatient clinic, using the Denver Developmental Screening Test II (DDST-R). METHODS: This was an exploratory descriptive research using a quantitative approach, conducted in the outpatient clinic of the Project Einstein in the Community of Paraisopolis (PECP), São Paulo, Brazil. The sample consisted of 35 children, from birth to 6 years of age, most of them from 1 to 3 years old (19; 54...
June 2010: Einstein
Nikolas Boy, Jana Heringer, Gisela Haege, Esther M Glahn, Georg F Hoffmann, Sven F Garbade, Stefan Kölker, Peter Burgard
BACKGROUND: Glutaric aciduria type I (GA-I) is an inherited metabolic disease due to deficiency of glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase (GCDH). Cognitive functions are generally thought to be spared, but have not yet been studied in detail. METHODS: Thirty patients detected by newborn screening (n = 13), high-risk screening (n = 3) or targeted metabolic testing (n = 14) were studied for simple reaction time (SRT), continuous performance (CP), visual working memory (VWM), visual-motor coordination (Tracking) and visual search (VS)...
2015: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
Kazuki Ohuchi, Michinori Funato, Zenichiro Kato, Junko Seki, Chizuru Kawase, Yuya Tamai, Yoko Ono, Yuki Nagahara, Yasuhiro Noda, Tsubasa Kameyama, Shiori Ando, Kazuhiro Tsuruma, Masamitsu Shimazawa, Hideaki Hara, Hideo Kaneko
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an autosomal recessive neuromuscular disorder characterized by the degeneration of spinal motor neurons. This disease is mainly caused by mutation or deletion of the survival motor neuron 1 (SMN1) gene. Currently, no effective treatment is available, and only symptomatic treatment can be provided. Our purpose in the present study was to establish a human SMA-derived induced pluripotent stem cell (SMA-iPSC) disease model and assay a therapeutic drug in preparation for the development of a novel treatment of SMA...
February 2016: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
Dana C Lehner, Lois S Sadler
This review investigated developmental delays toddlers may encounter after a lengthy pediatric hospitalization (30 days or greater). Physical, motor, cognitive, and psychosocial development of children aged 1 to 3 years was reviewed to raise awareness of factors associated with developmental delay after extensive hospitalization. Findings from the literature suggest that neonatal and pediatric intensive care unit (NICU/PICU) graduates are most at risk for developmental delays, but even non-critical hospital stays interrupt development to some extent...
September 2015: Pediatric Nursing
N B Mirskaya, A D Sinyakina, A N Kolomenskaya
INTRODUCTION: One of the actual healthcare problems of children is the problem of prevention of the violations of their vision. Out of the complex of factors that affect this function, it is necessary to consider motor activity. AIM: The study of the main types of motor activity of schoolchildren needed to preserve and improve the vision. Patients and methods. There was performed a survey of 384 parents of schoolchildren in Moscow. Specially developed by the authors questionnaire contained questions relating to the main types of motor activity of pupils that affect the state of their vision...
September 2015: Gigiena i Sanitariia
Joseph E Campbell, Michele Morgan, Veronica Barnett, Scott Spreat
The viewing of videos is a much-studied intervention to teach self-help, social, and vocational skills. Many of the studies to date looked at video modeling using televisions, computers, and other large screens. This study looked at the use of video modeling on portable handheld devices to teach hand washing to three adolescent students with an autism spectrum disorder. Three students participated in this 4-week study conducted by occupational therapists. Baseline data were obtained for the first student for 1 week, the second for 2 weeks, and the third for 3 weeks; videos were introduced when the participants each finished the baseline phase...
April 2015: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
Amanda Tragueta Ferreira-Vasques, Dionísia Aparecida Cusin Lamônica
A global developmental delay is expected from Down syndrome, affecting motor, cognitive, linguistic and personal-social skills. However, not always these delays are proportional; different conditions occur due to several intrinsic and extrinsic variables that must be controlled to form groups of greater homogeneity.Objective To enhance personal-social, fine motor-adaptive, gross motor and linguistic skills among children with Down syndrome and compare them with typically developing children, matched for gender, socioeconomic status and mental age, while controlling some variables that interfere with the global development...
July 2015: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
Amber L Vermeesch, Jiying Ling, Vicki R Voskuil, Marion Bakhoya, Stacey M Wesolek, Kelly A Bourne, Karin A Pfeiffer, Lorraine B Robbins
BACKGROUND: Inadequate physical activity (PA) contributes to the high prevalence of overweight and obesity among U.S. adolescent girls. Barriers preventing adolescent girls from meeting PA guidelines have not been thoroughly examined. OBJECTIVES: The threefold purpose of this study was to (a) determine pubertal stage, racial/ethnic, and socioeconomic status (SES) differences in ratings of interference of barriers to PA; (b) examine relationships between perceived barriers and age, body mass index, recreational screen time, sedentary activity, and PA; and (c) identify girls' top-rated perceived barriers to PA...
September 2015: Nursing Research
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