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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067083/-examination-of-psychomotor-development-in-relation-to-social-environmental-factors-in-preterm-children-at-2-years-old
#1
Flóra Kenyhercz, Beáta Nagy
INTRODUCTION: The development of children born prematurely is an important aspect in public health, because preterm birth rates are not decreasing with the development of medical sciences. AIM: Description of psychomotor development of preterm children related to potentially influencing environmental factors. METHOD: Children born below 2.500 grams at the age of two (n = 75). Psychomotor development, quality of home environment, socio-demographic background were measured...
January 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044047/parental-obesity-and-early-childhood-development
#2
Edwina H Yeung, Rajeshwari Sundaram, Akhgar Ghassabian, Yunlong Xie, Germaine Buck Louis
BACKGROUND: Previous studies identified associations between maternal obesity and childhood neurodevelopment, but few examined paternal obesity despite potentially distinct genetic/epigenetic effects related to developmental programming. METHODS: Upstate KIDS (2008-2010) recruited mothers from New York State (excluding New York City) at ∼4 months postpartum. Parents completed the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ) when their children were 4, 8, 12, 18, 24, 30, and 36 months of age corrected for gestation...
January 2, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930565/a-case-report-with-the-peculiar-concomitance-of-2-different-genetic-syndromes
#3
Alberto Lerario, Irene Colombo, Donatella Milani, Lorenzo Peverelli, Luisa Villa, Roberto Del Bo, Monica Sciacco, Giacomo Pietro Comi, Susanna Esposito, Maurizio Moggio
RATIONALE: Down syndrome (DS) is the most common chromosome disorder in live born infants, affecting several body systems, but usually sparing skeletal muscles. We present the case of a child with coexistence of DS and dystrophinopathy. Only 1 similar case has been reported so far. PATIENT CONCERNS: An 8-year-old boy with DS had a history of incidental finding of increased serum creatine kinase levels up to 1775 U/L (normal values 38-174 U/L). He presented no delay in motor development; at the neurological examination, no muscle weakness or fatigability was detected in 2 different evaluations performed over a 6-month period...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847489/how-do-maternal-subclinical-symptoms-influence-infant-motor-development-during-the-first-year-of-life
#4
Giulia Piallini, Stefania Brunoro, Chiara Fenocchio, Costanza Marini, Alessandra Simonelli, Marina Biancotto, Stefania Zoia
An unavoidable reciprocal influence characterizes the mother-child dyad. Within this relationship, the presence of depression, somatization, hostility, paranoid ideation, and interpersonal sensitivity symptoms at a subclinical level and their possible input on infant motor competences has not been yet considered. Bearing in mind that motor abilities represent not only an indicator of the infant's health-status, but also the principal field to infer his/her needs, feelings and intentions, in this study the quality of infants' movements were assessed and analyzed in relationship with the maternal attitudes...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826281/can-touch-screen-tablets-be-used-to-assess-cognitive-and-motor-skills-in-early-years-primary-school-children-a-cross-cultural-study
#5
Nicola J Pitchford, Laura A Outhwaite
Assessment of cognitive and motor functions is fundamental for developmental and neuropsychological profiling. Assessments are usually conducted on an individual basis, with a trained examiner, using standardized paper and pencil tests, and can take up to an hour or more to complete, depending on the nature of the test. This makes traditional standardized assessments of child development largely unsuitable for use in low-income countries. Touch screen tablets afford the opportunity to assess cognitive functions in groups of participants, with untrained administrators, with precision recording of responses, thus automating the assessment process...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642617/data-relating-to-early-child-development-in-the-avon-longitudinal-study-of-parents-and-children-alspac-their-relationship-with-prenatal-blood-mercury-and-stratification-by-fish-consumption
#6
Yasmin Iles-Caven, Jean Golding, Steven Gregory, Alan Emond, Caroline M Taylor
As part of the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), measures of early child development were collected using both hands-on expert assessment (on a random 10% sub-sample) by trained psychologists at 18 months using the Griffiths Mental Development Scales (Extended 0-8 years) and from detailed questionnaires completed by the study mothers on the whole cohort using assessments based on the Denver Developmental Screening Test. The development determined by the psychologists on the 10% subsample showed a correlation of 0...
December 2016: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27434198/moving-to-capture-children-s-attention-developing-a-methodology-for-measuring-visuomotor-attention
#7
Liam J B Hill, Rachel O Coats, Faisal Mushtaq, Justin H G Williams, Lorna S Aucott, Mark Mon-Williams
Attention underpins many activities integral to a child's development. However, methodological limitations currently make large-scale assessment of children's attentional skill impractical, costly and lacking in ecological validity. Consequently we developed a measure of 'Visual Motor Attention' (VMA)-a construct defined as the ability to sustain and adapt visuomotor behaviour in response to task-relevant visual information. In a series of experiments, we evaluated the capability of our method to measure attentional processes and their contributions in guiding visuomotor behaviour...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27402733/neonatal-thyroid-stimulating-hormone-concentration-and-psychomotor-development-at-preschool-age
#8
Caroline Trumpff, Jean De Schepper, Johan Vanderfaeillie, Nathalie Vercruysse, Herman Van Oyen, Rodrigo Moreno-Reyes, Jean Tafforeau, Stefanie Vandevijvere
OBJECTIVE: Thyroid hormones are essential for normal brain development. The aim of this study is to assess if high concentration of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) that is below the clinical threshold (5-15 mIU/L) at neonatal screening is linked to psychomotor development impairments in the offspring at preschool age. DESIGN: A total of 284 Belgian preschool children 4-6 years old and their mothers were included in the study. The children were randomly selected from the total list of neonates screened in 2008, 2009 and 2010 by the Brussels newborn screening centre...
July 8, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27134406/screening-preschool-children-for-fine-motor-skills-environmental-influence
#9
Nilay Comuk-Balci, Birgul Bayoglu, Agah Tekindal, Mintaze Kerem-Gunel, Banu Anlar
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of gender and family factors on performance in the fine motor domain of the Denver II developmental screening test. [Subjects and Methods] Data were obtained from 2038 healthy children, 999 boys (49%) and 1039 girls (51%) in four age groups: 0-24 months (57%), 25-40 months (21.1%), 41-56 months (10.4%), and 57-82 months (11.5%). [Results] Female gender, higher maternal age, especially in children older than 24 months, and higher maternal education were associated with earlier accomplishment of fine motor items...
March 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27115833/using-assistive-robots-to-promote-inclusive-education
#10
P Encarnação, T Leite, C Nunes, M Nunes da Ponte, K Adams, A Cook, A Caiado, J Pereira, G Piedade, M Ribeiro
PURPOSE: This paper describes the development and test of physical and virtual integrated augmentative manipulation and communication assistive technologies (IAMCATs) that enable children with motor and speech impairments to manipulate educational items by controlling a robot with a gripper, while communicating through a speech generating device. METHOD: Nine children with disabilities, nine regular and nine special education teachers participated in the study. Teachers adapted academic activities so they could also be performed by the children with disabilities using the IAMCAT...
April 26, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27070435/high-incidence-of-tuberculosis-in-the-absence-of-isoniazid-and-cotrimoxazole-preventive-therapy-in-children-living-with-hiv-in-northern-ethiopia-a-retrospective-follow-up-study
#11
Yihun Mulugeta Alemu, Gashaw Andargie, Ejigu Gebeye
OBJECTIVE: To identify the incidence of and predictors for tuberculosis in children living with HIV in Northern Ethiopia. DESIGN: Observational, retrospective follow-up study. METHODS: A total of 645 HIV-infected children were observed between September 2009 and September 2014. Cox regression analysis was used to identify predictors for developing TB. RESULTS: The incidence rate of tuberculosis was 4.2 per 100 child-years...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27054389/achieving-effective-hearing-aid-fitting-within-one-month-after-identification-of-childhood-permanent-hearing-impairment
#12
G Bastanza, R Gallus, M De Carlini, P M Picciotti, E Muzzi, E Ciciriello, E Orzan, G Conti
Diagnosis of child permanent hearing impairment (PHI) can be made with extreme timeliness compared to the past thanks to improvements in PHI identification through newborn hearing screening programmes. It now becomes essential to provide an effective amplification as quickly as possible in order to restore auditory function and favour speech and language development. The early fitting of hearing aids and possible later cochlear implantation indeed prompts the development of central auditory pathways, connections with secondary sensory brain areas, as well as with motor and articulatory cortex...
February 2016: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27009334/body-machine-interface-for-control-of-a-screen-cursor-for-a-child-with-congenital-absence-of-upper-and-lower-limbs-a-case-report
#13
Mei-Hua Lee, Rajiv Ranganathan, Florian A Kagerer, Ranjan Mukherjee
BACKGROUND: There has been a recent interest in the development of body-machine interfaces which allow individuals with motor impairments to control assistive devices using body movements. METHODS: In this case study, we report findings in the context of the development of such an interface for a 10-year old child with congenital absence of upper and lower limbs. The interface consisted of 4 wireless inertial measurement units (IMUs), which we used to map movements of the upper body to the position of a cursor on a screen...
2016: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26849550/relationship-between-czech-parent-and-child-pedometer-assessed-weekday-and-weekend-physical-activity-and-screen-time
#14
Erik Sigmund, Dagmar Sigmundová, Petr Baďura, Jaroslava Voráčová
AIM: Uncovering the influences of parents' behaviour on their children's physical activity provides an insight into the lifestyle of families and development of effective family-based interventions. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between parents' behaviour (step count (SC) and screen time (ST)) and children's SC on weekdays and at weekends. METHODS: The participants (388 parents aged 35-45 and their 485 children aged 9-12) were randomly recruited from 21 Czech government funded primary schools...
November 2015: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26809913/risk-factors-and-relationship-between-intestinal-parasites-and-the-growth-retardation-and-psychomotor-development-delays-of-children-in-%C3%A5-anl%C3%A4-urfa-turkey
#15
Nebiye Yentur Doni, Fadile Yildiz Zeyrek, Zeynep Simsek, Gulcan Gurses, İbrahim Sahin
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the risk factors for and relationship among parasitic infections, growth retardation, and psychomotor developmental delays in children aged 6 years and below. METHODS: This case-control study was performed in Şanlıurfa in southeastern Turkey between October and December 2007. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire, anthropometry, Ankara Development Screening Inventory, and laboratory analysis of stool specimens...
December 2015: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26806601/motor-delays-in-mdma-ecstasy-exposed-infants-persist-to-2-years
#16
Lynn T Singer, Derek G Moore, Meeyoung O Min, Julia Goodwin, John J D Turner, Sarah Fulton, Andrew C Parrott
BACKGROUND: Recreational use of 3,4 methylenedioxymethamphetamine (ecstasy, MDMA) is increasing worldwide. Its use by pregnant women causes concern due to potentially harmful effects on the developing fetus. MDMA, an indirect monoaminergic agonist and reuptake inhibitor, affects the serotonin and dopamine systems. Preclinical studies of fetal exposure demonstrate effects on learning, motor behavior, and memory. In the first human studies, we found prenatal MDMA exposure related to poorer motor development in the first year of life...
March 2016: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26762275/development-and-learning-of-saccadic-eye-movements-in-7-to-42-month-old-children
#17
Nadia Alahyane, Christelle Lemoine-Lardennois, Coline Tailhefer, Thérèse Collins, Jacqueline Fagard, Karine Doré-Mazars
From birth, infants move their eyes to explore their environment, interact with it, and progressively develop a multitude of motor and cognitive abilities. The characteristics and development of oculomotor control in early childhood remain poorly understood today. Here, we examined reaction time and amplitude of saccadic eye movements in 93 7- to 42-month-old children while they oriented toward visual animated cartoon characters appearing at unpredictable locations on a computer screen over 140 trials. Results revealed that saccade performance is immature in children compared to a group of adults: Saccade reaction times were longer, and saccade amplitude relative to target location (10° eccentricity) was shorter...
2016: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26759995/denver-ii-evaluation-of-the-development-of-children-treated-in-the-outpatient-clinic-of-project-einstein-in-the-community-of-parais%C3%A3-polis
#18
Márcia Wanderley de Moraes, Ana Paula Rodrigues Weber, Marcela de Castro E Oliveira Santos, Fabiane de Amorim Almeida
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the neuropsychomotor development of children treated in an outpatient clinic, using the Denver Developmental Screening Test II (DDST-R). METHODS: This was an exploratory descriptive research using a quantitative approach, conducted in the outpatient clinic of the Project Einstein in the Community of Paraisopolis (PECP), São Paulo, Brazil. The sample consisted of 35 children, from birth to 6 years of age, most of them from 1 to 3 years old (19; 54...
June 2010: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26693825/a-cross-sectional-controlled-developmental-study-of-neuropsychological-functions-in-patients-with-glutaric-aciduria-type-i
#19
Nikolas Boy, Jana Heringer, Gisela Haege, Esther M Glahn, Georg F Hoffmann, Sven F Garbade, Stefan Kölker, Peter Burgard
BACKGROUND: Glutaric aciduria type I (GA-I) is an inherited metabolic disease due to deficiency of glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase (GCDH). Cognitive functions are generally thought to be spared, but have not yet been studied in detail. METHODS: Thirty patients detected by newborn screening (n = 13), high-risk screening (n = 3) or targeted metabolic testing (n = 14) were studied for simple reaction time (SRT), continuous performance (CP), visual working memory (VWM), visual-motor coordination (Tracking) and visual search (VS)...
2015: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26683872/established-stem-cell-model-of-spinal-muscular-atrophy-is-applicable-in-the-evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-thyrotropin-releasing-hormone-analog
#20
Kazuki Ohuchi, Michinori Funato, Zenichiro Kato, Junko Seki, Chizuru Kawase, Yuya Tamai, Yoko Ono, Yuki Nagahara, Yasuhiro Noda, Tsubasa Kameyama, Shiori Ando, Kazuhiro Tsuruma, Masamitsu Shimazawa, Hideaki Hara, Hideo Kaneko
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an autosomal recessive neuromuscular disorder characterized by the degeneration of spinal motor neurons. This disease is mainly caused by mutation or deletion of the survival motor neuron 1 (SMN1) gene. Currently, no effective treatment is available, and only symptomatic treatment can be provided. Our purpose in the present study was to establish a human SMA-derived induced pluripotent stem cell (SMA-iPSC) disease model and assay a therapeutic drug in preparation for the development of a novel treatment of SMA...
February 2016: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
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