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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220334/future-directions-in-personality-occupational-and-medical-selection-myths-misunderstandings-measurement-and-suggestions
#1
Eamonn Ferguson, Filip Lievens
This paper has two objectives: (1) presenting recent advances in personality theory whereby personality traits are conceptualized within a framework that focuses on the dynamic interactions of behaviour, biology, context, and states, and (2) discussing the implications of these developments for measurement and medical selection. We start by presenting evidence that traits are no longer regarded as stable deterministic predictors of behaviour. Instead, traits are found to change across generations, the life span, and in response to environmental contingencies...
February 20, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210641/atypical-plasmacytic-proliferation-in-a-case-of-c3-glomerulopathy-pathophysiology-demystified
#2
Osama Elfituri, Nathan Aardsma, Suman Setty, Frederick Behm, Kimberly Czech
An 11-year-old Hispanic female underwent evaluation of asymptomatic proteinuria and hematuria. The patient denied fever, edema, and gross hematuria. Urinalysis showed mild proteinuria, and a urine microscopic examination revealed red blood cells. Screening tests for glomerulonephritis revealed a low C3 and negative ANA, ASO, DNAse-B, and ANCA. Histological examination of a renal biopsy specimen showed glomeruli with endocapillary proliferation, a predominant C3 deposition in the capillary loops by immunofluorescence, and electron dense deposits in the mesangium, paramesangium, and capillary walls by electron microscopy consistent with a diagnosis of C3 glomerulopathy...
January 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181847/international-service-learning-and-interprofessional-education-in-ecuador-findings-from-a-phenomenology-study-with-students-from-four-professions
#3
Audrey M Johnson, Dana M Howell
Combined international service learning (ISL) and interprofessional education (IPE) experiences can move health professional student learning beyond the traditional confines of the classroom and outside uniprofessional ethos. The purpose of this transcendental phenomenological study was to describe the shared experience of health professional students participating in an ISL trip to a small community in Ecuador. The study focused on the learning and collaboration that occurred among students from multiple health professions during the trip and the cross-cultural exchange between the students and the patients in Ecuador...
March 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178954/experiencing-aging-or-demystifying-myths-impact-of-different-geriatrics-and-gerontology-teaching-strategies-in-first-year-medical-students
#4
Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Giancarlo Lucchetti, Isabella Noceli de Oliveira, Alexander Moreira-Almeida, Oscarina da Silva Ezequiel
BACKGROUND: With the aging of the population comes a greater need for geriatric and gerontology teaching. However, there is currently a dearth of investigations on the impact of different educational methodologies for teaching in this area early in medical courses. The present study aims to determine the impact of two educational strategies on the topic "Geriatrics and Gerontology" ("experiencing aging" and "myths of aging") as compared to a control group (no intervention) on the attitudes, empathy and knowledge of first year medical students...
February 8, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161558/neutrophil-perversion-in-demyelinating-autoimmune-diseases-mechanisms-to-medicine
#5
REVIEW
Courtney S Casserly, Julia C Nantes, Ryder F Whittaker Hawkins, Luc Vallières
Neutrophils are essential to a healthy life, yet pose a threat if improperly controlled. Neutrophil perversion is well documented in a variety of inflammatory disorders (e.g. arthritis, lupus, psoriasis), but is only beginning to be demystified in autoimmune demyelination, the most common cause of neurological disability in young adults. Using the animal model experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), several molecules that help neutrophils invade the central nervous system (CNS) have been identified...
February 2, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127664/soft-and-firm-alloplastic-implants-in-rhinoplasty-why-when-and-how-to-use-them-a-review-of-311-cases
#6
Nabil Fanous, Athanasios Tournas, Valérie Côté, Yaseen Ali, Patricia Berbari, Amanda Fanous, Maude Campagna-Vaillancourt
BACKGROUND: Modern rhinoplasty is not just a reduction procedure. An optimal nasal esthetic result occasionally requires augmenting the nasal tip, the dorsum or the lateral wall with autografts or alloplasts. A large number of nasal implant types have been reported in the medical literature. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this article is to demystify the role and indications of nasal implants in rhinoplasty. As well, it offers both the novice and experienced nasal surgeon a basic, simplified and organized approach to the use of soft and firm nasal implants in rhinoplasty...
January 27, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109199/functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-dermatology-the-skin-the-brain-and-the-invisible
#7
REVIEW
Simon M Mueller, Samuel Hogg, Jannis Mueller, Shane McKie, Peter Itin, Julia Reinhardt, Christopher E M Griffiths, C Elise Kleyn
The skin and brain have a close bi-directional anatomical and functional connection. Historically, the skin-brain axis and the brain-skin axis have been well described. However, brain function in this context has only recently been demystified with the introduction of functional neuroimaging in dermatology. Functional neuroimaging, especially functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), allows indirect visualisation of brain function. This review looks back to the beginnings of functional neuroimaging in dermatology, summarises the currently available dermatology-related fMRI-studies and discusses the potential future role of fMRI as a stratifying tool in clinical dermatology and in the development of novel therapies...
January 21, 2017: Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090112/demystifying-advocacy-moving-faculty-and-students-toward-citizen-engagement-report-of-the-2015-2016-aacp-standing-committee-on-advocacy
#8
Daniel C Robinson, Michelle R Easton, Diane B Ginsburg, Macary Marciniak, Marc A Sweeny, William G Lang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039012/personalized-glucose-insulin-model-based-on-signal-analysis
#9
Simon L Goede, Bastiaan E de Galan, Melvin Khee Shing Leow
Glucose plasma measurements for diabetes patients are generally presented as a glucose concentration-time profile with 15-60min time scale intervals. This limited resolution obscures detailed dynamic events of glucose appearance and metabolism. Measurement intervals of 15minutes or more could contribute to imperfections in present diabetes treatment. High resolution data from mixed meal tolerance tests (MMTT) for 24 type 1 and type 2 diabetes patients were used in our present modelling. We introduce a model based on the physiological properties of transport, storage and utilization...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025982/correlations-demystified
#10
Peter E Latham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 27, 2016: Nature Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018119/demystifying-the-victimized-state-a-civil-military-crisis-in-waiting
#11
Ross McGarry
The purpose of this article is to illustrate prescient issues relating to current and ex-military communities in the United Kingdom who have featured heavily within the policy arena over the past decade in relation to several key areas of importance. It will be illustrated how this population becomes visible within the public imagination (via military losses), how discourses relating to the harms they experience are structured and articulated within political and policy domains (particularly in relation to mental health) via "state talk" (qua Sim), and what the potential social consequences are for politically rendering an unproblematized populist view of current and ex-military communities (i...
January 2017: Illness, Crises, and Loss
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012271/bjog-editor-s-choice-demystifying-pelvic-pain-and-haemostatic-methods-for-myomectomy
#12
EDITORIAL
Frank Tu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993012/rational-design-of-small-molecules-targeting-oncogenic-noncoding-rnas-from-sequence
#13
Matthew D Disney, Alicia J Angelbello
The discovery of RNA catalysis in the 1980s and the dissemination of the human genome sequence at the start of this century inspired investigations of the regulatory roles of noncoding RNAs in biology. In fact, the Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE) project has shown that only 1-2% of the human genome encodes protein, yet 75% is transcribed into RNA. Functional studies both preceding and following the ENCODE project have shown that these noncoding RNAs have important roles in regulating gene expression, developmental timing, and other critical functions...
December 20, 2016: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959355/embarking-on-a-research-project%C3%A2-or-research-for-the-absolute-novice
#14
L Wiblin, I Sleeman, D Burn
Research can be a difficult area for the novice to break into. A number of different obstacles face the new researcher, starting with selecting a suitable supervisor, writing a workable protocol and obtaining permissions from all the relevant organisations. This beginner's guide walks the fledging researcher through the required steps, including formulating a research question, designing a protocol and completing the Integrated Research Application System form to obtain the required permissions. The aim is to demystify the terms used in research and expose some of the pitfalls the authors experienced so that others can avoid them! Although challenges can arise throughout the research process, we aim to help you get underway...
September 2016: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919524/demystifying-the-cytokine-network-mathematical-models-point-the-way
#15
REVIEW
Penelope A Morel, Robin E C Lee, James R Faeder
Cytokines provide the means by which immune cells communicate with each other and with parenchymal cells. There are over one hundred cytokines and many exist in families that share receptor components and signal transduction pathways, creating complex networks. Reductionist approaches to understanding the role of specific cytokines, through the use of gene-targeted mice, have revealed further complexity in the form of redundancy and pleiotropy in cytokine function. Creating an understanding of the complex interactions between cytokines and their target cells is challenging experimentally...
December 2, 2016: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905248/demystifying-revalidation
#16
(no author information available yet)
Various organisations have produced resources to help nurses understand revalidation. The Foundation of Nursing Studies (FONS) Centre for Innovation, for example, has made a short video to demystify the process for nurses who work in social care and to help them apply revalidation requirements to their jobs. A frame from the video, A Practical Guide to Revalidation for Nurses Working in Social Care, is pictured.
December 1, 2016: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903769/education-for-the-next-frontier-in-patient-safety-a-longitudinal-resident-curriculum-on-diagnostic-error
#17
Emily Ruedinger, Maren Olson, Justin Yee, Emily Borman-Shoap, Andrew P J Olson
Diagnostic error is a common, serious problem that has received increased attention recently for its impact on both patients and providers. Presently, most graduate medical education programs do not formally address this topic. The authors developed and evaluated a longitudinal, multimodule resident curriculum about diagnostic error and medical decision making. Key components of the curriculum include demystifying the medical decision-making process, building skills in critical thinking, and providing strategies for diagnostic error mitigation...
November 29, 2016: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895539/practical-considerations-in-pediatric-surgery
#18
REVIEW
Matthew R Louis, Jesse D Meaike, Edward Chamata, Larry H Hollier
The care of pediatric patients requires special considerations that are often not addressed in the literature. Relatively straightforward tasks such as clinical evaluation, antibiotic use, splinting, wound closure, and care of simple burns become complicated in the pediatric population for several reasons. The authors seek to demystify some of these topics using the senior author's years of clinical experience treating pediatric patients by giving practical advice and general considerations when treating children...
November 2016: Seminars in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881451/demystifying-hdl-cholesterol-a-human-knockout-to-the-rescue
#19
Amit V Khera, Paul M Ridker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852750/demystifying-animal-personality-or-not-why-individual-variation-matters-to-experimental-biologists
#20
REVIEW
Dominique G Roche, Vincent Careau, Sandra A Binning
Animal 'personality', defined as repeatable inter-individual differences in behaviour, is a concept in biology that faces intense controversy. Critics argue that the field is riddled with terminological and methodological inconsistencies and lacks a sound theoretical framework. Nevertheless, experimental biologists are increasingly studying individual differences in physiology and relating these to differences in behaviour, which can lead to fascinating insights. We encourage this trend, and in this Commentary we highlight some of the benefits of estimating variation in (and covariation among) phenotypic traits at the inter- and intra-individual levels...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Experimental Biology
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