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Tamale Andrew, Ejobi Francis, Muyanja Charles, Irene Naigaga, Nakavuma Jesca, Ocaido Micheal, Katuhoire Anne, Amulen Deborah
Fish consumption is a lifestyle in fishing communities influenced by individual and communal perceptions. However, information about individual perceptions about fish consumption in the vulnerable fishing community in a developing country is lacking. Without this study, the benefits of fish consumption in a vulnerable community may not be realized. Data collection was executed using key informant interviews and survey structured questionnaires. The key informants include fisheries, community development, veterinary, community and environmental officers...
December 31, 2016: Cogent Food Agric
Sarah Orr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2, 2016: British Journal of Community Nursing
Clara Correia-Melo, João F Passos
In a study published in The EMBO Journal, we demonstrated that mitochondria are necessary for the proinflammatory phenotype of senescence. Furthermore, we identified a new senescence-regulatory pathway involving mTOR-dependent mitochondrial biogenesis. These data highlight mitochondria as targets for interventions that counteract the pro-aging effects of senescence while preserving tumor suppression.
July 2016: Molecular & Cellular Oncology
Guillaume Thierry
The time has come, perhaps, to go beyond merely acknowledging that language is a core manifestation of the workings of the human mind and that it relates interactively to all aspects of thinking. The issue, thus, is not to decide whether language and human thought may be ineluctably linked (they just are), but rather to determine what the characteristics of this relationship may be and to understand how language influences-and may be influenced by-nonverbal information processing. In an attempt to demystify linguistic relativity, I review neurolinguistic studies from our research group showing a link between linguistic distinctions and perceptual or conceptual processing...
September 2016: Language Learning
Huan-Lei Wu, Sen-Mao Li, Jia Hu, Xiao Yu, Hua Xu, Zhong Chen, Zhang-Qun Ye
BACKGROUND: The recently identified phenomenon of double-stranded RNA (dsRNA)-mediated gene activation (RNAa) has been studied extensively, as it is present in humans, mice, and Caenorhabditis elegans, suggesting that dsRNA-mediated RNAa is an evolutionarily conserved mechanism. Previous studies have shown that dsP21-322 can induce tumor suppressor gene p21 expression in several human cancer cells. Nonetheless, the role of dsRNAs in the activation of gene expression, including their target molecules and associated key factors, remains poorly understood...
2016: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
Alexander K Hill, Dan Ta Eisenberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 26, 2016: Asian Journal of Andrology
Asmaa Al-Attas, Mourad Assidi, Jaudah Al-Maghrabi, Ashraf Dallol, Hans-Juergen Schulten, Muhammad Abu-Elmagd, Adeel Chaudhary, Adel Abuzenadah, Bruce Budowle, Abdelbaset Buhmeida, Mohammed Al-Qahtani
BACKGROUND/AIM: To date, the conventional formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) technique is the gold-standard for preserving histomorphology. Once FFPE tissues are stained, slides are routinely archived along with their blocks at biobanks/hospitals. However, the reuse of fixed and stained biospecimens as DNA source is not a common routine practice worldwide and, thus, indicates the need of studies to investigate the feasibility of extracting DNA from already immunohistochemistry (IHC) FFPE-stained slides and its possible reuse in subsequent downstream molecular analyses...
September 2016: Cancer Genomics & Proteomics
Mariela Segura, Cynthia Calzas, Daniel Grenier, Marcelo Gottschalk
Interactions between a bacterial pathogen and its potentially susceptible host are initiated with the colonization step. During respiratory/oral infection, the pathogens must compete with the normal microflora, resist defense mechanisms of the local mucosal immunity, and finally reach, adhere, and breach the mucosal epithelial cell barrier in order to induce invasive disease. This is the case during infection by the swine and zoonotic pathogen Streptococcus suis, which is able to counteract mucosal barriers to induce severe meningitis and sepsis in swine and in humans...
August 19, 2016: FEBS Letters
Theophilus I Umeizudike, Jacob O Awobusuyi, Christiana O Amira, Taslim B Bello, Monica O Mabayoje, Adebowale O Adekoya, Olufemi O Adelowo, Mumuni A Amisu
BACKGROUND: The burden of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Nigeria is quite alarming. The prevalence of CKD ranges from 11 - 23.5%. Hypertension and chronic glomerulonephritis (CGN) remain the two leading causes of CKD in Nigeria. The etiology of CKD in many of these patients remains unknown, as few biopsies are done. In order to demystify the various glomerular diseases that culminate in CGN, performing a kidney biopsy offers a ray of hope. Few studies on renal biopsies have emanated from Nigeria; this study, however, is unique as the histopathological analysis involves light, immunofluorescence, and electron microscopies...
August 10, 2016: Clinical Nephrology
Rodrigo Luiz Vancini, Claudio Andre Barbosa de Lira, Cássia Regina Vancini-Campanharo, Dulce Aparecida Barbosa, Ricardo Mario Arida
OBJECTIVE: to present a brief history of Spiritism, the vision of epilepsy by Spiritism, and the potential of spirituality and religiosity care as complementary and coadjutants treatments in epilepsy. METHOD: this is a brief review about the impact of faith, spirituality, and religiosity, particularly the Spiritism philosophy as complementary treatment to neurological disorders (particularly focusing on epilepsy) and mental health. We conduct a review of published articles (about religion/spirituality and epilepsy) in the Pubmed and SciELO databases...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Franz Günter Frosch
INTRODUCTION: "The Hum" and "Taos Hum" are the common terms used for an annoying low-frequency sound of unknown and seemingly mysterious external causes. The Hum is a phenomenon occurring worldwide that affects approximately 2% of the population, called hearers or hummers. OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the different manifestations of the Hum based on questionnaires tailor-made for hearers, with the aim to demystify this phenomenon. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Questionnaires completed by 162 hearers were evaluated, with a focus on three often-reported features: whether their Hum forms beats with external sounds, whether head rotations remove their Hum, and if air travel produces a time lag until the Hum reappears...
2016: International Tinnitus Journal
Tom McClelland
Kriegel's self-representationalist (SR) theory of phenomenal consciousness pursues two projects. The first is to offer a positive account of how conscious experience arises from physical brain processes. The second is to explain why consciousness misleadingly appears to be irreducible to the physical i.e. to 'demystify' consciousness. This paper seeks to determine whether SR succeeds on the second project. Kriegel trades on a distinction between the subjective character and qualitative character of conscious states...
2016: Synthese
Alexander M van der Bliek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 22, 2016: Science
Simone Monteiro, Wilza Villela, Priscilla Soares, Adriana Pinho, Livia Fraga
The persistence of stigma surrounding AIDS remains a challenge in the epidemic's fourth decade. Based on qualitative research, this study analyses how pregnant women living with HIV/AIDS (PWLHA) experience and cope with AIDS stigma. A total of 29 semi-structured interviews were conducted with PWLHA focusing on socioeconomic profiles, the contexts in which they discovered HIV infection, experiences with health-care sites and ways of dealing with AIDS-related stigma. We recruited PWLHA at two prevention of mother-to-child transmission sites in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil...
July 25, 2016: Global Public Health
Leora B Balsam, Abe DeAnda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 28, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Andrew J M Kiruluta, R Gilberto González
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) works on the principle that hydrogen molecules, which are abundant in organic tissue, have a magnetic moment arising from the spin of the protons in the nucleus. All atoms consist of a nucleus made of protons and neutrons. When a sample is put in a large magnet field, the hydrogen atoms become magnetized resulting in a bulk magnetization of the sample. Each of these hydrogen atoms acts like a bar magnet, spinning at a frequency about the applied main magnetic field. The frequency of spin is proportional to the applied main field and hence to encode position, we apply an additive field that increases linearly with position in a given direction...
2016: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Elyce Green
BACKGROUND: There is a significant need for more nurses to enrol in doctoral studies and to improve attrition rates in these courses. It is therefore important that those who consider undertaking doctoral studies are prepared for the many challenges associated with pursuing a higher degree by research. AIM: To present a personal reflection of the first year of doctoral study to inform others about the challenges and joys associated with beginning a doctorate, as well as to demystify some of the challenges of studying a PhD, and to encourage nurses and other healthcare professionals to pursue a doctorate...
July 2016: Nurse Researcher
Patrick Hemming, Paula Teague, Ty Crowe, R B Levine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
Jan G P Tijssen, Paul Kolm
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Matthew Gildersleeve
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
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