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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315018/molecular-characterization-and-expression-of-pft-an-fhb-resistance-gene-at-the-fhb1-qtl-in-wheat
#1
Yi He, Xu Zhang, Yu Zhang, Dawood Ahmad, Lei Wu, Peng Jiang, Hongxiang Ma Ma
Fusarium head blight (FHB) is a destructive fungal disease in wheat worldwide. Efforts have been carried out to combat this disease, and the PFT (pore-forming toxin-like) gene at the quantitative trait locus (QTL) Fhb1 was isolated and found to confer resistance to FHB in Sumai 3. In this study, we characterized PFT in 348 wheat accessions. Four haplotypes of PFT were identified. The wild haplotype of PFT had higher resistance than other haplotypes and explained 13.8% of phenotypic variation in FHB resistance by association analysis...
January 9, 2018: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274114/the-y137h-mutation-in-the-fgcyp51b-protein-confers-reduced-sensitivity-to-tebuconazole-in-fusarium-graminearum
#2
Hengwei Qian, Juan Du, Mengyu Chi, Xiaomei Sun, Wenxing Liang, Jinguang Huang, Baodu Li
BACKGROUND: Fusarium graminearum is the main pathogen of Fusarium Head Blight (FHB), a worldwide plant disease and one of the most significant wheat diseases in China. Demethylation inhibitor (DMI) fungicides, such as tebuconazole (TEC), are widely used to control FHB, but long-term use leads to low efficacy against FHB. Earlier studies showed that DMI resistance is associated with the fungal sterol 14α-demethylase (CYP51) gene, and that point mutations in the CYP51 gene are the primary mechanism of resistance to DMI fungicides...
December 23, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230232/chemosensitization-of-fusarium-graminearum-to-chemical-fungicides-using-cyclic-lipopeptides-produced-by-bacillus-amyloliquefaciens-strain-jck-12
#3
Kihyun Kim, Yoonji Lee, Areum Ha, Ji-In Kim, Ae Ran Park, Nan Hee Yu, Hokyoung Son, Gyung Ja Choi, Hae Woong Park, Chul Won Lee, Theresa Lee, Yin-Won Lee, Jin-Cheol Kim
Fusarium head blight (FHB) caused by infection with Fusarium graminearum leads to enormous losses to crop growers, and may contaminate grains with a number of Fusarium mycotoxins that pose serious risks to human and animal health. Antagonistic bacteria that are used to prevent FHB offer attractive alternatives or supplements to synthetic fungicides for controlling FHB without the negative effects of chemical management. Out of 500 bacterial strains isolated from soil, Bacillus amyloliquefaciens JCK-12 showed strong antifungal activity and was considered a potential source for control strategies to reduce FHB...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209889/fusarium-head-blight-incidence-and-mycotoxin-accumulation-in-three-durum-wheat-cultivars-in-relation-to-sowing-date-and-density
#4
Anna Gorczyca, Andrzej Oleksy, Dorota Gala-Czekaj, Monika Urbaniak, Magdalena Laskowska, Agnieszka Waśkiewicz, Łukasz Stępień
Durum wheat (Triticum turgidum var. durum) is an important crop in Europe, particularly in the Mediterranean countries. Fusarium head blight (FHB) is considered as one of the most damaging diseases, resulting in yield and quality reduction as well as contamination of grain with mycotoxins. Three winter durum wheat cultivars originating from Austria, Slovakia, and Poland were analyzed during 2012-2014 seasons for FHB incidence and Fusarium mycotoxin accumulation in harvested grain. Moreover, the effects of sowing density and delayed sowing date were evaluated in the climatic conditions of Southern Poland...
December 5, 2017: Die Naturwissenschaften
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198016/advantages-and-limitations-of-multiple-trait-genomic-prediction-for-fusarium-head-blight-severity-in-hybrid-wheat-triticum-aestivum-l
#5
Albert W Schulthess, Yusheng Zhao, C Friedrich H Longin, Jochen C Reif
Predictabilities for wheat hybrids less related to the estimation set were improved by shifting from single- to multiple-trait genomic prediction of Fusarium head blight severity. Breeding for improved Fusarium head blight resistance (FHBr) of wheat is a very laborious and expensive task. FHBr complexity is mainly due to its highly polygenic nature and because FHB severity (FHBs) is greatly influenced by the environment. Associated traits plant height and heading date may provide additional information related to FHBr, but this is ignored in single-trait genomic prediction (STGP)...
December 2, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173636/development-of-a-pcr-rflp-method-based-on-the-transcription-elongation-factor-1-%C3%AE-gene-to-differentiate-fusarium-graminearum-from-other-species-within-the-fusarium-graminearum-species-complex
#6
Gabriela Garmendia, Mariana Umpierrez-Failache, Todd J Ward, Silvana Vero
Fusarium head blight (FHB) is a destructive disease of cereals crops worldwide and a major food safety concern due to grain contamination with trichothecenes and other mycotoxins. Fusarium graminearum, a member of the Fusarium graminearum species complex (FGSC) is the dominant FHB pathogen in many parts of the world. However, a number of other Fusarium species, including other members of the FGSC, may also be present for example in Argentina, New Zealand, Ethiopia, Nepal, Unites States in cereals such as wheat and barley...
April 2018: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173624/causal-agents-of-fusarium-head-blight-of-durum-wheat-triticum%C3%A2-durum-desf-in-central-italy-and-their-in%C3%A2-vitro-biosynthesis-of-secondary-metabolites
#7
G Beccari, V Colasante, F Tini, M T Senatore, A Prodi, M Sulyok, L Covarelli
Durum wheat samples harvested in central Italy (Umbria) were analyzed to: evaluate the occurrence of the fungal community in the grains, molecularly identify the Fusarium spp. which are part of the Fusarium head blight (FHB) complex and characterize the in vitro secondary metabolite profiles of a subset of Fusarium strains. The Fusarium genus was one of the main components of the durum wheat fungal community. The FHB complex was composed of eight species: Fusarium avenaceum (61%), F. graminearum (22%), F...
April 2018: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156605/performance-indices-in-wheat-chlorophyll-a-fluorescence-and-protein-quality-influenced-by-fhb
#8
Valentina Spanic, Marija Viljevac Vuletic, Georg Drezner, Zvonimir Zdunic, Daniela Horvat
Very little is known about the physiological interactions between wheat quality and Fusarium head blight (FHB), which substantially reduces wheat grain yield and quality worldwide. In order to investigate stress-induced changes in flag leaves from plants artificially inoculated with Fusarium, we screened for chlorophyll a fluorescence transient at 1, 2, 4, 7 and 14 days after Fusarium inoculation. Our results indicate that the maximum quantum yield of photochemistry (Fv/Fm) and the performance index (PI) were not affected by FHB, but there were significant differences in those two traits between different varieties and measurement times...
November 20, 2017: Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122868/genome-sequence-of-fusarium-graminearum-item-124-atcc-56091-a-mycotoxigenic-plant-pathogen
#9
Antonio Zapparata, Daniele Da Lio, Stefania Somma, Isabel Vicente Muñoz, Luca Malfatti, Giovanni Vannacci, Antonio Moretti, Riccardo Baroncelli, Sabrina Sarrocco
Fusarium graminearum is among the main causal agents of Fusarium head blight (FHB), or scab, of wheat and other cereals, caused by a complex of Fusarium species, worldwide. Besides causing economic losses in terms of crop yield and quality, F. graminearum poses a severe threat to animal and human health. Here, we present the first draft whole-genome sequence of the mycotoxigenic Fusarium graminearum strain ITEM 124, also providing useful information for comparative genomics studies.
November 9, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063821/single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-in-b-genome-specific-udp-glucosyl-transferases-associated-with-fusarium-head-blight-resistance-and-reduced-deoxynivalenol-accumulation-in-wheat-grain
#10
Pallavi Sharma, Manu P Gangola, Chen Huang, H Randy Kutcher, Seedhabadee Ganeshan, Ravindra N Chibbar
An in vitro spike culture method was optimized to evaluate Fusarium head blight (FHB) resistance in wheat (Triticum aestivum) and used to screen a population of ethyl methane sulfonate treated spike culture-derived variants (SCDV). Of the 134 SCDV evaluated, the disease severity score of 47 of the variants was ≤30%. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in the UDP-glucosyltransferase (UGT) genes, TaUGT-2B, TaUGT-3B, and TaUGT-EST, differed between AC Nanda (an FHB-susceptible wheat variety) and Sumai-3 (an FHB-resistant wheat cultivar)...
November 17, 2017: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913807/phenotypic-characterization-of-transgenic-wheat-lines-against-fungal-pathogens-puccinia-triticina-and-fusarium-graminearum
#11
Jagdeep Kaur, Dilip Shah, John Fellers
Leaf rust (LR) and Fusarium head blight (FHB) caused by Puccinia triticina and Fusarium graminearum, respectively, are among the most damaging fungal diseases challenging wheat production worldwide. Genetic resistance in combination with fungicide application has been the most widely employed approach to combat these fungal pathogens. Alternative approaches that could augment current practices are needed for the control of these devastating pathogens. To that end, we have recently shown that the extracellular expression of antifungal defensin MtDEF4...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758925/analysis-of-the-masked-metabolite-of-deoxynivalenol-and-fusarium-resistance-in-cimmyt-wheat-germplasm
#12
Hiroyuki Nakagawa, Xinyao He, Yosuke Matsuo, Pawan K Singh, Masayo Kushiro
Fusarium head blight (FHB) causes significant grain loss and contamination of grains with harmful mycotoxins, especially deoxynivalenol (DON). Fusarium resistance and DON accumulation have been extensively investigated in various cultivars; however, the level of DON-3-O-glucoside (D3G) has not been as carefully studied. In this study, we measured accumulated DON and D3G levels in CIMMYT wheat elite germplasm using an analytical method validated in-house. Co-occurring nivalenol (NIV) and ergostrerol (ERG) were also analyzed...
July 29, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719051/the-binding-mechanism-between-azoles-and-fgcyp51b-sterol-14%C3%AE-demethylase-of-fusarium-graminearum
#13
Hengwei Qian, Meilin Duan, Xiaomei Sun, Mengyu Chi, Ying Zhao, Wenxing Liang, Juan Du, Jinguang Huang, Baodu Li
BACKGROUND: Fusarium graminearum is the main pathogen of Fusarium Head Blight (FHB), a worldwide plant disease and one of the major wheat diseases in China. The control of the FHB is mainly dependent on the application of DMIs fungicides. Fungal sterol 14α-demethylase enzymes (CYP51) are the main target for DMIs fungicides. In order to investigate the binding mechanism between azoles and CYP51B in F.graminearum, the molecular modeling study and biological evaluation were performed. RESULTS: Firstly, the homology model based on the crystal structure of Aspergillus fumigatus was built...
July 18, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703042/genome-wide-association-mapping-of-fusarium-head-blight-resistance-in-spring-wheat-lines-developed-in-the-pacific-northwest-and-cimmyt
#14
Rui Wang, Jianli Chen, James A Anderson, Junli Zhang, Weidong Zhao, Justin Wheeler, Natalie Klassen, Deven R See, Yanhong Dong
Fusarium head blight (FHB) is a destructive disease of wheat in humid and semihumid areas of the world. It has emerged in the Pacific Northwest (PNW) in recent years because of changing climate and crop rotation practices. Our objectives in the present study were to identify and characterize quantitative trait loci (QTL) associated with FHB resistance in spring wheat lines developed in the PNW and the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center. In total, 170 spring wheat lines were evaluated in field and greenhouse trials in 2015 and 2016...
December 2017: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656363/cytogenetic-mapping-of-a-major-locus-for-resistance-to-fusarium-head-blight-and-crown-rot-of-wheat-on-thinopyrum-elongatum-7el-and-its-pyramiding-with-valuable-genes-from-a-th-ponticum-homoeologous-arm-onto-bread-wheat-7dl
#15
Carla Ceoloni, Paola Forte, Ljiljana Kuzmanović, Silvio Tundo, Ilaria Moscetti, Pasquale De Vita, Maria Elena Virili, Renato D'Ovidio
A major locus for resistance to different Fusarium diseases was mapped to the most distal end of Th. elongatum 7EL and pyramided with Th. ponticum beneficial genes onto wheat 7DL. Perennial Triticeae species of the Thinopyrum genus are among the richest sources of valuable genes/QTL for wheat improvement. One notable and yet unexploited attribute is the exceptionally effective resistance to a major wheat disease worldwide, Fusarium head blight, associated with the long arm of Thinopyrum elongatum chromosome 7E (7EL)...
October 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647118/screening-of-wheat-endophytes-as-biological-control-agents-against-fusarium-head-blight-using-two-different-in-vitro-tests
#16
Morgane Comby, Marie Gacoin, Mathilde Robineau, Fanja Rabenoelina, Sébastien Ptas, Joëlle Dupont, Camille Profizi, Fabienne Baillieul
In order to find biological control agents (BCAs) for the management of Fusarium head blight (FHB), a major disease on wheat crops worldwide, 86 microorganisms isolated from inner tissues of wheat plants were discriminated for their ability to inhibit the growth of Fusarium graminearum and Fusarium culmorum by in vitro dual culture assays. A group of 22 strains appeared very effective to inhibit F. graminearum (inhibition of 30-51%) and they were also globally effective in controlling F. culmorum (inhibition of 15-53%)...
September 2017: Microbiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612272/geographic-distribution-of-phylogenetic-species-of-the-fusarium-graminearum-species-complex-and-their-8-ketotrichothecene-chemotypes-on-wheat-spikes-in-iran
#17
Mostafa Abedi-Tizaki, Doustmorad Zafari
Isolates of the Fusarium graminearum species complex (FGSC, n = 446) were collected from wheat spikes from northern and western regions of Iran with a history of Fusarium head blight (FHB) occurrences. The trichothecene mycotoxin genotypes/chemotypes, the associated phylogenetic species, and geographical distribution of these isolates were analyzed. Two phylogenetic species, Fusarium asiaticum and F. graminearum, were identified and were found to belong to sequence characterized amplified region (SCAR) groups V and I...
August 2017: Mycotoxin Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555151/molecular-cytogenetic-characterization-of-two-triticum-secale-thinopyrum-trigeneric-hybrids-exhibiting-superior-resistance-to-fusarium-head-blight-leaf-rust-and-stem-rust-race-ug99
#18
Yi Dai, Yamei Duan, Huiping Liu, Dawn Chi, Wenguang Cao, Allen Xue, Yong Gao, George Fedak, Jianmin Chen
Fusarium head blight (FHB), leaf rust, and stem rust are the most destructive fungal diseases in current world wheat production. The diploid wheatgrass, Thinopyrum elongatum (Host) Dewey (2n = 2x = 14, EE) is an excellent source of disease resistance genes. Two new Triticum-Secale-Thinopyrum trigeneric hybrids were derived from a cross between a hexaploid triticale (X Triticosecale Wittmack, 2n = 6x = 42, AABBRR) and a hexaploid Triticum trititrigia (2n = 6x = 42, AABBEE), were produced and analyzed using genomic in situ hybridization and molecular markers...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510187/identification-and-trichothecene-genotypes-of-fusarium-graminearum-species-complex-from-wheat-in-taiwan
#19
Chih-Li Wang, Yi-Hong Cheng
BACKGROUND: Fusarium head blight (FHB) of wheat caused by Fusarium graminearum species complex (FGSC) is a devastating disease worldwide. The pathogens not only reduce the yield of wheat, but also impact the quality of wheat by contamination with trichothecene mycotoxins. A systematic investigation on the pathogens of FHB in Taiwan is lacking. Here, molecular and morphological approaches were used to identify species of the Taiwanese FGSC isolates and determine their trichothecene genotypes...
December 2017: Botanical Studies (Taipei, Taiwan)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414109/synthesis-and-characterization-of-chitosan-nanoparticles-and-their-effect-on-fusarium-head-blight-and-oxidative-activity-in-wheat
#20
A Kheiri, S A Moosawi Jorf, A Malihipour, H Saremi, M Nikkhah
The main aim of present study was to prepare chitosan (CS) and chitosan nanoparticles (CS/NPs) to evaluate their antifungal and oxidative activity. CS/NPs were prepared based on the ionic gelation of CS with tripolyphosphate (TPP) anions by using centrifugation and pH change. The obtained nanoparticles (NPs) were characterized by size and zeta potential analysis. The antifungal activity of the CS and CS/NPs were evaluated on the Fusarium graminearum, which causes Fusarium head blight (FHB) on wheat by the method of spraying on the Potato dextrose agar (PDA) medium...
September 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
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