keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

wheat breeding and genetics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724066/strategies-for-selecting-crosses-using-genomic-prediction-in-two-wheat-breeding-programs
#1
Bettina Lado, Sarah Battenfield, Carlos Guzmán, Martín Quincke, Ravi P Singh, Susanne Dreisigacker, R Javier Peña, Allan Fritz, Paula Silva, Jesse Poland, Lucía Gutiérrez
The single most important decision in plant breeding programs is the selection of appropriate crosses. The ideal cross would provide superior predicted progeny performance and enough diversity to maintain genetic gain. The aim of this study was to compare the best crosses predicted using combinations of mid-parent value and variance prediction accounting for linkage disequilibrium (V) or assuming linkage equilibrium (V). After predicting the mean and the variance of each cross, we selected crosses based on mid-parent value, the top 10% of the progeny, and weighted mean and variance within progenies for grain yield, grain protein content, mixing time, and loaf volume in two applied wheat ( L...
July 2017: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724061/multi-locus-mixed-model-analysis-of-stem-rust-resistance-in-winter-wheat
#2
Paul D Mihalyov, Virginia A Nichols, Peter Bulli, Matthew N Rouse, Michael O Pumphrey
Genome-wide association mapping is a powerful tool for dissecting the relationship between phenotypes and genetic variants in diverse populations. With the improved cost efficiency of high-throughput genotyping platforms, association mapping is a desirable method of mining populations for favorable alleles that hold value for crop improvement. Stem rust, caused by the fungus f. sp. is a devastating disease that threatens wheat ( L.) production worldwide. Here, we explored the genetic basis of stem rust resistance in a global collection of 1411 hexaploid winter wheat accessions genotyped with 5390 single nucleotide polymorphism markers...
July 2017: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711956/mapping-stripe-rust-resistance-gene-yrzh22-in-chinese-wheat-cultivar-zhoumai-22-by-bulked-segregant-rna-seq-bsr-seq-and-comparative-genomics-analyses
#3
Yong Wang, Jingzhong Xie, Huaizhi Zhang, Bingmin Guo, Shunzong Ning, Yongxing Chen, Ping Lu, Qiuhong Wu, Miaomiao Li, Deyun Zhang, Guanghao Guo, Yan Zhang, Dengcai Liu, Shaokui Zou, Jianwei Tang, Hong Zhao, Xicheng Wang, Jun Li, Wuyun Yang, Tingjie Cao, Guihong Yin, Zhiyong Liu
A stripe rust resistance gene YrZH22 was mapped by combined BSR-Seq and comparative genomics analyses to a 5.92 centimorgan (cM) genetic interval spanning a 4 Mb physical genomic region on wheat chromosome 4BL1. Stripe rust, caused by Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (PST), is one of the most destructive diseases of wheat and severely threatens wheat production worldwide. The widely grown Chinese wheat cultivar Zhoumai 22 is highly resistant to the current prevailing PST race CYR34 (V26). Genetic analysis of F5:6 and F6:7 recombinant inbred line (RIL) populations indicated that adult-plant stripe rust resistance in Zhoumai 22 is controlled by a single gene, temporarily designated YrZH22...
July 15, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704468/thmyc4e-candidate-blue-aleurone-1-gene-controlling-the-associated-trait-in-triticum-aestivum
#4
Na Li, Shiming Li, Kunpu Zhang, Wenjie Chen, Bo Zhang, Daowen Wang, Dengcai Liu, Baolong Liu, Huaigang Zhang
Blue aleurone is a useful and interesting trait in common wheat that was derived from related species. Here, transcriptomes of blue and white aleurone were compared for isolating Blue aleurone 1 (Ba1) transferred from Thinopyrum ponticum. In the genes involved in anthocyanin biosynthesis, only a basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factor, ThMYC4E, had a higher transcript level in blue aleurone phenotype, and was homologous to the genes on chromosome 4 of Triticum aestivum. ThMYC4E carried the characteristic domains (bHLH-MYC_N, HLH and ACT-like) of a bHLH transcription factor, and clustered with genes regulating anthocyanin biosynthesis upon phylogenetic analysis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686676/exotic-qtl-improve-grain-quality-in-the-tri-parental-wheat-population-sw84
#5
Ioanna-Pavlina Nedelkou, Andreas Maurer, Anne Schubert, Jens Léon, Klaus Pillen
DEVELOPING THE TRI-PARENTAL EXOTIC WHEAT POPULATION SW84: Genetic diversity of cultivated wheat was markedly reduced, first, during domestication and, second, since the onset of modern elite breeding. There is an increasing demand for utilizing genetic resources to increase genetic diversity and, simultaneously, to improve agronomic performance of cultivated wheat. To locate favorable effects of exotic wheat alleles, we developed the tri-parental wheat population SW84. The population was derived from crossing the hexaploid spring wheat cultivars Triso and Devon with one synthetic exotic donor accession, Syn084L, followed by two rounds of backcrossing and three rounds of selfing...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655739/genome-wide-associations-for-water-soluble-carbohydrate-concentration-and-relative-maturity-in-wheat-using-snp-and-dart-marker-arrays
#6
Ben Ovenden, Andrew Milgate, Len J Wade, Greg J Rebetzke, James B Holland
Improving water-use efficiency by incorporating drought avoidance traits into new wheat varieties is an important objective for wheat breeding in water-limited environments. This study uses genome wide association studies (GWAS) to identify candidate loci for water-soluble carbohydrate accumulation, an important drought-avoidance characteristic in wheat. Phenotypes from a multi-environment trial with experiments differing in water availability and separate single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and diversity arrays technology (DArT) marker sets were used to perform the analyses...
June 27, 2017: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644028/understanding-the-effects-of-genotype-growing-year-and-breeding-on-tunisian-durum-wheat-allergenicity-1-the-baker-s-asthma-case
#7
Fatma Boukid, Barbara Prandi, Stefano Sforza, Rhouma Sayar, Yong Weon Seo, Mondher Mejri, Ines Yacoubi
Baker's asthma is a serious airway disease triggered by wheat protein CM3 α-amylase/trypsin inhibitor. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the impact of genotype and crop year on allergen CM3 α-amylase/trypsin inhibitor associated with baker's asthma. A historical series of Tunisian durum wheat (100 accessions), derived from three crop years, was used to compare the amount of CM3 from landraces to advanced cultivars. CM3 protein quantification was assessed after an enzymatic cleavage of the soluble protein extracts on a UPLC/ESI-MS system, using a marker peptide for its quantification...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638972/isolation-of-two-new-retrotransposon-sequences-and-development-of-molecular-and-cytological-markers-for-dasypyrum-villosum-l
#8
Jie Zhang, Yun Jiang, Pu Xuan, Yuanlin Guo, Guangbing Deng, Maoqun Yu, Hai Long
Dasypyrum villosum is a valuable genetic resource for wheat improvement. With the aim to efficiently monitor the D. villosum chromatin introduced into common wheat, two novel retrotransposon sequences were isolated by RAPD, and were successfully converted to D. villosum-specific SCAR markers. In addition, we constructed a chromosomal karyotype of D. villosum. Our results revealed that different accessions of D. villosum showed slightly different signal patterns, indicating that distribution of repeats did not diverge significantly among D...
June 21, 2017: Genetica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635630/development-of-a-high-density-snp-based-linkage-map-and-detection-of-qtl-for-%C3%AE-glucans-protein-content-grain-yield-per-spike-and-heading-time-in-durum-wheat
#9
Ilaria Marcotuli, Agata Gadaleta, Giacomo Mangini, Antonio Massimo Signorile, Silvana Addolorata Zacheo, Antonio Blanco, Rosanna Simeone, Pasqualina Colasuonno
High-density genetic linkage maps of crop species are particularly useful in detecting qualitative and quantitative trait loci for important agronomic traits and in improving the power of classical approaches to identify candidate genes. The aim of this study was to develop a high-density genetic linkage map in a durum wheat recombinant inbred lines population (RIL) derived from two elite wheat cultivars and to identify, characterize and correlate Quantitative Trait Loci (QTL) for β-glucan, protein content, grain yield per spike and heading time...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635270/understanding-the-effects-of-genotype-growing-year-and-breeding-on-tunisian-durum-wheat-allergenicity-2-the-celiac-disease-case
#10
Fatma Boukid, Barbara Prandi, Stefano Sforza, Rhouma Sayar, Yong Weon Seo, Mondher Mejri, Ines Yacoubi
The aim of this study was to compare immunogenic and toxic gluten peptides related to celiac disease (CD). 100 accessions of genotypes selected during the 20th century in Tunisia were in vitro digested and then analyzed by UPLC/ESI-MS technique using an isotopically labeled internal standard. The first MANOVA confirmed a high variability in the content of immunogenic and toxic peptides reflecting high genetic diversity in the germplasm released during the past century in Tunisia, consistently with PCA and clustering analysis results...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626463/cereal-crop-proteomics-systemic-analysis-of-crop-drought-stress-responses-towards-marker-assisted-selection-breeding
#11
REVIEW
Arindam Ghatak, Palak Chaturvedi, Wolfram Weckwerth
Sustainable crop production is the major challenge in the current global climate change scenario. Drought stress is one of the most critical abiotic factors which negatively impact crop productivity. In recent years, knowledge about molecular regulation has been generated to understand drought stress responses. For example, information obtained by transcriptome analysis has enhanced our knowledge and facilitated the identification of candidate genes which can be utilized for plant breeding. On the other hand, it becomes more and more evident that the translational and post-translational machinery plays a major role in stress adaptation, especially for immediate molecular processes during stress adaptation...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624908/development-and-validation-of-kasp-markers-for-the-greenbug-resistance-gene-gb7-and-the-hessian-fly-resistance-gene-h32-in-wheat
#12
Chor-Tee Tan, Hangjin Yu, Yan Yang, Xiangyang Xu, Mingshun Chen, Jackie C Rudd, Qingwu Xue, Amir M H Ibrahim, Lisa Garza, Shichen Wang, Mark E Sorrells, Shuyu Liu
Greenbug and Hessian fly are important pests that decrease wheat production worldwide. We developed and validated breeder-friendly KASP markers for marker-assisted breeding to increase selection efficiency. Greenbug (Schizaphis graminum Rondani) and Hessian fly [Mayetiola destructor (Say)] are two major destructive insect pests of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) throughout wheat production regions in the USA and worldwide. Greenbug and Hessian fly infestation can significantly reduce grain yield and quality. Breeding for resistance to these two pests using marker-assisted selection (MAS) is the most economical strategy to minimize losses...
June 17, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619368/preliminary-evidence-for-associations-between-molecular-markers-and-quantitative-traits-in-a-set-of-bread-wheat-triticum-aestivum-l-cultivars-and-breeding-lines
#13
Babak Abdollahi Mandoulakani, Shilan Nasri, Sahar Dashchi, Sorour Arzhang, Iraj Bernousi, Hossein Abbasi Holasou
The identification of polymorphic markers associated with various quantitative traits allows us to test their performance for the exploitation of the extensive quantitative variation maintained in gene banks. In the current study, a set of 97 wheat germplasm accessions including 48 cultivars and 49 breeding lines were evaluated for 18 agronomic traits. The accessions were also genotyped with 23 ISSR, nine IRAP and 20 REMAP markers, generating a total of 658 clear and scorable bands, 86% of which were polymorphic...
June 12, 2017: Comptes Rendus Biologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604800/characterising-variation-in-wheat-traits-under-hostile-soil-conditions-in-india
#14
Jaswant S Khokhar, Sindhu Sareen, Bhudeva S Tyagi, Gyanendra Singh, Apurba K Chowdhury, Tapamay Dhar, Vinod Singh, Ian P King, Scott D Young, Martin R Broadley
Intensive crop breeding has increased wheat yields and production in India. Wheat improvement in India typically involves selecting yield and component traits under non-hostile soil conditions at regional scales. The aim of this study is to quantify G*E interactions on yield and component traits to further explore site-specific trait selection for hostile soils. Field experiments were conducted at six sites (pH range 4.5-9.5) in 2013-14 and 2014-15, in three agro-climatic regions of India. At each site, yield and component traits were measured on 36 genotypes, representing elite varieties from a wide genetic background developed for different regions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588384/snp-based-association-analysis-for-seedling-traits-in-durum-wheat-triticum-turgidum-l-durum-desf
#15
Salih A I Sabiel, Sisi Huang, Xin Hu, Xifeng Ren, Chunjie Fu, Junhua Peng, Dongfa Sun
In the present study, 150 accessions of worldwide originated durum wheat germplasm (Triticum turgidum spp. durum) were observed for major seedling traits and their growth. The accessions were evaluated for major seedling traits under controlled conditions of hydroponics at the 13(th), 20(th), 27(th) and 34(th) day-after germination. Biomass traits were measured at the 34(th) day-after germination. Correlation analysis was conducted among the seedling traits and three field traits at maturity, plant height, grain weight and 1000-grain weight observed in four consecutive years...
March 2017: Breeding Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578401/rnaseq-analysis-reveals-pathways-and-candidate-genes-associated-with-salinity-tolerance-in-a-spaceflight-induced-wheat-mutant
#16
Hongchun Xiong, Huijun Guo, Yongdun Xie, Linshu Zhao, Jiayu Gu, Shirong Zhao, Junhui Li, Luxiang Liu
Salinity stress has become an increasing threat to food security worldwide and elucidation of the mechanism for salinity tolerance is of great significance. Induced mutation, especially spaceflight mutagenesis, is one important method for crop breeding. In this study, we show that a spaceflight-induced wheat mutant, named salinity tolerance 1 (st1), is a salinity-tolerant line. We report the characteristics of transcriptomic sequence variation induced by spaceflight, and show that mutations in genes associated with sodium ion transport may directly contribute to salinity tolerance in st1...
June 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559904/genetic-architecture-of-anther-extrusion-in-spring-and-winter-wheat
#17
Quddoos H Muqaddasi, Jonathan Brassac, Andreas Börner, Klaus Pillen, Marion S Röder
Hybrid wheat breeding is gaining prominence worldwide because it ensures higher and more static yield than conventionally bred varieties. The cleistogamous floral architecture of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) impedes anthers inside the floret, making it largely an inbreeder. For hybrid seed production, high anther extrusion is needed to promote cross pollination and to ensure a high level of pollen availability for the seed plant. This study, therefore, aimed at the genetic dissection of anther extrusion (AE) in panels of spring (SP), and winter wheat (WP) accessions by genome wide association studies (GWAS)...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550605/high-throughput-snp-genotyping-of-modern-and-wild-emmer-wheat-for-yield-and-root-morphology-using-a-combined-association-and-linkage-analysis
#18
Stuart J Lucas, Ayten Salantur, Selami Yazar, Hikmet Budak
Durum wheat (Triticum turgidum var. durum Desf.) is a major world crop that is grown primarily in areas of the world that experience periodic drought, and therefore, breeding climate-resilient durum wheat is a priority. High-throughput single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping techniques have greatly increased the power of linkage and association mapping analyses for bread wheat, but as yet there is no durum wheat-specific platform available. In this study, we evaluate the new 384HT Wheat Breeders Array for its usefulness in tetraploid wheat breeding by genotyping a breeding population of F6 hybrids, derived from multiple crosses between T...
May 26, 2017: Functional & Integrative Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540573/optimization-of-multi-environment-trials-for-genomic-selection-based-on-crop-models
#19
R Rincent, E Kuhn, H Monod, F-X Oury, M Rousset, V Allard, J Le Gouis
We propose a statistical criterion to optimize multi-environment trials to predict genotype × environment interactions more efficiently, by combining crop growth models and genomic selection models. Genotype × environment interactions (GEI) are common in plant multi-environment trials (METs). In this context, models developed for genomic selection (GS) that refers to the use of genome-wide information for predicting breeding values of selection candidates need to be adapted. One promising way to increase prediction accuracy in various environments is to combine ecophysiological and genetic modelling thanks to crop growth models (CGM) incorporating genetic parameters...
August 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533438/high-resolution-mapping-of-crossover-events-in-the-hexaploid-wheat-genome-suggests-a-universal-recombination-mechanism
#20
Benoit Darrier, Hélène Rimbert, François Balfourier, Lise Pingault, Ambre-Aurore Josselin, Bertrand Servin, Julien Navarro, Frédéric Choulet, Etienne Paux, Pierre Sourdille
During meiosis, crossovers (COs) create new allele associations by reciprocal exchange of DNA. In bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), COs are mostly limited to subtelomeric regions of chromosomes, resulting in a substantial loss of breeding efficiency in the proximal regions, though these regions carry ∼60-70% of the genes. Identifying sequence and/or chromosome features affecting recombination occurrence is thus relevant to improve and drive recombination. Using the recent release of a reference sequence of chromosome 3B and of the draft assemblies of the 20 other wheat chromosomes, we performed fine-scale mapping of COs and revealed that 82% of COs located in the distal ends of chromosome 3B representing 19% of the chromosome length...
July 2017: Genetics
keyword
keyword
109817
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"