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high fibrinogen

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220876/pharmacokinetics-clot-strength-and-safety-of-a-new-fibrinogen-concentrate-randomized-comparison-with-active-control-in-congenital-fibrinogen-deficiency
#1
C Ross, S Rangarajan, M Karimi, G H Toogeh, S Apte, T Lissitchkov, S Acharya, M J Manco-Johnson, A Srivastava, B Brand, B Schwartz, S Knaub, F Peyvandi
BACKGROUND: Human fibrinogen concentrate (HFC) corrects fibrinogen deficiency in congenital a-/hypofibrinogenaemia. OBJECTIVES: To assess pharmacokinetics (PK), effects on thromboelastometry maximum clot firmness (MCF), and safety of a new double virus-inactivated/eliminated, highly purified HFC vs. active control. PATIENTS/METHODS: In this multinational, randomized, phase II, open-label, crossover study in 22 congenital afibrinogenaemia patients ≥12 years, 70 mg kg-1 of new HFC (FIBRYGA, Octapharma AG) or control (Haemocomplettan® P/RiaSTAP™ , CSL Behring GmbH) were administered, followed by crossover to the other concentrate...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220632/immunohistochemical-localization-of-fibrinogen-c-domain-containing-1-on-epithelial-and-mucosal-surfaces-in-human-tissues
#2
Sebastian von Huth, Jesper B Moeller, Anders Schlosser, Niels Marcussen, Ole Nielsen, Vicki Nielsen, Grith L Sorensen, Uffe Holmskov
Fibrinogen C domain containing 1 (FIBCD1) is a transmembrane receptor that binds chitin and other acetylated compounds with high affinity. FIBCD1 has previously been shown to be present in the epithelium of the gastrointestinal tract. In the present study, we performed a detailed analysis of normally structured human tissues for the expression of FIBCD1 by quantitative PCR and immunohistochemistry. We find that FIBCD1 is expressed in epithelial cells derived from all three germ layers. Endodermal-derived epithelial cells throughout the gastrointestinal tract and the respiratory system showed high expression of FIBCD1 and also mesodermal-derived cells in the genitourinary system and ectodermal-derived epidermis and sebaceous glands cells expressed FIBCD1...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry: Official Journal of the Histochemistry Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214889/cell-seeded-adhesive-biomaterial-for-repair-of-annulus-fibrosus-defects-in-intervertebral-discs
#3
Michelle A Cruz, Warren W Hom, Distefano Tyler, Robert Merrill, Olivia M Torre, Huizi A Lin, Andrew Hecht, Svenja Illien-Junger, James C Iatridis
Defects in the annulus fibrosus (AF) of intervertebral discs allow nucleus pulposus tissue to herniate causing painful disability. Microdiscectomy procedures remove herniated tissue fragments but unrepaired defects remain allowing reherniation or progressive degeneration. Cell therapies show promise to enhance repair but methods are undeveloped and carriers are required to prevent cell leakage. To address this challenge, this study developed and evaluated genipin-crosslinked fibrin (FibGen) as an adhesive cell carrier optimized for AF repair that can deliver cells, match AF material properties and have low risk of extrusion during loading...
December 7, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209155/optimization-of-quantitative-proteomic-analysis-of-clots-generated-from-plasma-of-patients-with-venous-thromboembolism
#4
Aneta Stachowicz, Jakub Siudut, Maciej Suski, Rafał Olszanecki, Ryszard Korbut, Anetta Undas, Jacek R Wiśniewski
Background: It is well known that fibrin network binds a large variety of proteins, including inhibitors and activators of fibrinolysis, which may affect clot properties, such as stability and susceptibility to fibrinolysis. Specific plasma clot composition differs between individuals and may change in disease states. However, the plasma clot proteome has not yet been in-depth analyzed, mainly due to technical difficulty related to the presence of a highly abundant protein-fibrinogen and fibrin that forms a plasma clot...
2017: Clinical Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204805/the-epidemiology-of-depressive-symptoms-and-poor-sleep-findings-from-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing-elsa
#5
Lydia Poole, Marta Jackowska
PURPOSE: The reasons for the comorbidity between depressed mood and poor sleep are not well understood. METHOD: Participants were 5172 adults aged 50 years and older from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. Sleep was measured via self-report and depressive symptoms using the Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale. RESULTS: Greater depressive symptoms and sleep complaints were associated with female sex, non-cohabitation, relative poverty, smoking, infrequent physical activity, infrequent alcohol consumption, higher body mass index (BMI), diagnosis of hypertension, coronary heart disease, diabetes/high blood glucose, pulmonary disease, arthritis, and higher levels of fibrinogen and C-reactive protein (all p < 0...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198994/dietary-quality-and-markers-of-inflammation-no-association-in-youth-with-type-1-diabetes
#6
Angela D Liese, Xiaonan Ma, Xiaoguang Ma, Murray A Mittleman, Natalie S The, Debra A Standiford, Jean M Lawrence, Catherine Pihoker, Santica M Marcovina, Elizabeth J Mayer-Davis, Robin C Puett
BACKGROUND: Systemic inflammation is a key process underlying cardiovascular disease (CVD) development, and CVD risk is significantly elevated in persons with type 1 diabetes (T1D). Youth with T1D exhibit increased levels of inflammation. Studies in persons without diabetes suggest that dietary quality influences inflammation, yet little is known about dietary influences on inflammation in youth with T1D. METHODS: This study evaluated the association of four distinct dietary quality indices (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH), Healthy Eating Index 2010 (HEI2010), modified KIDMED and Total Antioxidant Capacity (TAC)) with biomarkers of inflammation (C-reactive protein (CRP), fibrinogen and interleukin-6 (IL-6)) in a sample of 2520 youth with T1D participating in the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195356/a-new-instrument-of-vuv-laser-desorption-ionization-mass-spectrometry-imaging-with-micrometer-spatial-resolution-and-low-level-of-molecular-fragmentation
#7
Jia Wang, Feng Liu, Yuxiang Mo, Zhaoying Wang, Sichun Zhang, Xinrong Zhang
Mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) has important applications in material research, biology, and medicine. The MSI method based on UV laser desorption/ionization (UVLDI) can obtain images of intact samples, but has a high level of molecular fragmentation. In this work, we report a new MSI instrument that uses a VUV laser (125.3 nm) as a desorption/ionization source to exploit its advantages of high single photon energy and small focus size. The new instrument was tested by the mass spectra of Nile red and FGB (Fibrinogen beta chain) samples and mass spectrometric images of a fly brain section...
November 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189631/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-intracranial-hemorrhage-in-liver-transplant-recipients
#8
Tom K Gallagher, Kathryn A Thomas, Daniela P Ladner, Daniel Ganger, Farzaneh A Sorond, Shyam Prabhakaran, Michael M Abecassis, Jonathan P Fryer, Eric M Liotta
BACKGROUND: Intracranial hemorrhage after liver transplantation is an infrequently reported complication but one which can have devastating consequences. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cross-sectional analysis of all liver transplants performed between January 2010 and June 2015 at a single high-volume institution using a prospectively maintained electronic database and query of the electronic medical record. Cases of intracranial hemorrhage were adjudicated as either spontaneous intraparenchymal (IPH) or extra-axial (EAH) hemorrhages...
November 17, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187192/comprehensive-metabolic-profiling-of-chronic-low-grade-inflammation-among-generally-healthy-individuals
#9
Maik Pietzner, Anne Kaul, Ann-Kristin Henning, Gabi Kastenmüller, Anna Artati, Markus M Lerch, Jerzy Adamski, Matthias Nauck, Nele Friedrich
BACKGROUND: Inflammation occurs as an immediate protective response of the immune system to a harmful stimulus, whether locally confined or systemic. In contrast, a persisting, i.e., chronic, inflammatory state, even at a low-grade, is a well-known risk factor in the development of common diseases like diabetes or atherosclerosis. In clinical practice, laboratory markers like high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), white blood cell count (WBC), and fibrinogen, are used to reveal inflammatory processes...
November 30, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184273/elderly-customized-hatha-yoga-effects-on-the-vascular-inflammation-factors-of-elderly-women
#10
Sangsoo Kim, Sungbum Ju
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to examine the effects of the application of elderly-customized hatha yoga on the vascular inflammation factors of elderly women. [Subjects and Methods] This research was conducted with 14 elderly women, between 70 and 80 years old, divided into an elderly-customized hatha yoga group (n=7) and a control group (n=7). The application group participated in a hatha yoga program designed to be elderly-friendly for 10 weeks. At the end of the program, the vascular inflammation factors were measured, including the albumin, white blood cell count, fibrinogen, high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)...
October 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182576/nut-consumption-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-mediterranean-population
#11
Ajka Relja, Ana Miljković, Andrea Gelemanović, Maria Bošković, Caroline Hayward, Ozren Polašek, Ivana Kolčić
Nuts are often considered beneficial for health, yet few studies have examined determinants of their intake and the associations between nut consumption and various cardiovascular disease risk factors. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with nut intake in a Mediterranean population, in Croatia, and to investigate the association of nut intake and various cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS: Subjects from the Island of Vis, Island of Korčula and the City of Split were included in this cross-sectional study (n = 4416 in total; 4011 without known cardiovascular disease)...
November 28, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182470/high-shear-induces-platelet-dysfunction-leading-to-enhanced-thrombotic-propensity-and-diminished-hemostatic-capacity
#12
Zengsheng Chen, Nandan K Mondal, Shirong Zheng, Steven C Koenig, Mark S Slaughter, Bartley P Griffith, Zhongjun J Wu
Thrombosis and bleeding are devastating adverse events in patients supported with blood-contacting medical devices (BCMDs). In this study, we delineated that high non-physiological shear stress (NPSS) caused platelet dysfunction that may contribute to both thrombosis and bleeding. Human blood was subjected to NPSS with short exposure time. Levels of platelet surface GPIbα and GPVI receptors as well as activation level of GPIIb/IIIa in NPSS-sheared blood were examined with flow cytometry. Adhesion of sheared platelets on fibrinogen, von Willibrand factor (VWF), and collagen was quantified with fluorescent microscopy...
November 28, 2017: Platelets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174876/ability-of-nontraditional-risk-factors-and-inflammatory-biomarkers-for-cardiovascular-disease-to-identify-high-cardiometabolic-risk-in-adolescents-results-from-the-labmed-physical-activity-study
#13
César Agostinis-Sobrinho, Jonatan R Ruiz, Carla Moreira, Sandra Abreu, Luís Lopes, José Oliveira-Santos, Jorge Mota, Rute Santos
PURPOSE: Then objective of this study was to evaluate the ability of several nontraditional cardiometabolic and inflammatory biomarkers in identifying high cardiometabolic risk in adolescents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 529 Portuguese adolescents (267 girls) aged 14.3 ± 1.7 years. A clustered cardiometabolic risk score (body fat percentage, systolic blood pressure, ratio of total cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance, and negative values of cardiorespiratory fitness) was computed...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174439/vascular-inflammation-and-metabolic-activity-in-hematopoietic-organs-and-liver-in-familial-combined-hyperlipidemia-and-heterozygous-familial-hypercholesterolemia
#14
Konstantinos Toutouzas, John Skoumas, Iosif Koutagiar, Georgios Benetos, Nikoletta Pianou, Alexandros Georgakopoulos, Spyros Galanakos, Alexios Antonopoulos, Maria Drakopoulou, Evangelos K Oikonomou, Pavlos Kafouris, Emmanouil Athanasiadis, Marinos Metaxas, George Spyrou, Zoi Pallantza, Nikolaos Galiatsatos, Constantina Aggeli, Charalampos Antoniades, Georgia Keramida, Adrien M Peters, Constantinos D Anagnostopoulos, Dimitris Tousoulis
BACKGROUND: Familial dyslipidemias of either heterozygous (heFH) or combined (FCH) type lead to accelerated atherogenesis and increased cardiovascular risk. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate in statin-naïve adult patients with familial dyslipidemias whether inflammatory activation and liver, spleen and bone marrow metabolic activity differ compared with normolipidemic subjects and between dyslipidemic groups. METHODS: Fourteen patients with FCH, 14 with heFH, and 14 normolipidemic individuals were enrolled...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171185/low-grade-inflammation-and-muscular-fitness-on-insulin-resistance-in-adolescents-results-from-labmed-physical-activity-study
#15
César A Agostinis-Sobrinho, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Antonio García-Hermoso, Carla Moreira, Luís Lopes, José Oliveira-Santos, Sandra Abreu, Jorge Mota, Rute Santos
BACKGROUND: Low muscular fitness (MF) and low-grade inflammation has been linked to insulin resistance (IR). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the associations between MF and a clustered score of inflammatory biomarkers on IR and to investigate the combined impact of MF and inflammation on IR in adolescents. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional analysis with 529 adolescents (267 girls) aged 12 to 18 years. Pubertal stage, socioeconomic status, adherence to the Mediterranean diet, cardiorespiratory fitness, and waist circumference were assessed...
November 24, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164804/biomaterials-and-advanced-technologies-for-hemostatic-management-of-bleeding
#16
REVIEW
DaShawn A Hickman, Christa L Pawlowski, Ujjal D S Sekhon, Joyann Marks, Anirban Sen Gupta
Bleeding complications arising from trauma, surgery, and as congenital, disease-associated, or drug-induced blood disorders can cause significant morbidities and mortalities in civilian and military populations. Therefore, stoppage of bleeding (hemostasis) is of paramount clinical significance in prophylactic, surgical, and emergency scenarios. For externally accessible injuries, a variety of natural and synthetic biomaterials have undergone robust research, leading to hemostatic technologies including glues, bandages, tamponades, tourniquets, dressings, and procoagulant powders...
November 22, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162399/laboratory-assessment-of-activated-protein-c-resistance-factor-v-leiden-and-performance-characteristics-of-a-new-quantitative-assay
#17
REVIEW
Jean Amiral, Anne Marie Vissac, Jerard Seghatchian
Activated Protein C Resistance is mainly associated to a factor V mutation (RQ506), which induces a deficient inactivation of activated factor V by activated protein C, and is associated to an increased risk of venous and arterial thrombosis in affected individuals, caused by the prolonged activated factor V survival. Its prevalence is mainly in Caucasians (about 5%), and this mutation is absent in Africans and Asians. Presence of Factor V-Leiden is usually evidenced with clotting methods, using a two-step APTT assay performed without or with APC: prolongation of blood coagulation time is decreased if this factor is present...
November 14, 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161233/swimming-but-not-vitamin-e-ameliorates-prothrombotic-state-and-hypofibrinolysis-in-a-rat-model-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#18
Hussein F Sakr, Amr M Abbas, Mohamed A Haidara
BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with a systemic procoagulant hypofibrinolysis state that is considered as a risk factor for microangiopathy and peripheral vascular diseases. Swimming exercise ameliorates the metabolic dysfunction in type 2 diabetes. Vitamin E is a natural antioxidant that reduces the risk of endothelial dysfunction in metabolic syndrome. The aim of the present study is to investigate the effect of combined swimming exercise with vitamin E on coagulation as well as blood fibrinolysis markers in rats with NAFLD...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149247/quantitative-proteomic-profiling-of-bovine-follicular-fluid-during-follicle-development
#19
Rodrigo de Andrade Ferrazza, Elizabeth Moreira Dos Santos Schmidt, Monika Mihm Carmichael, Fabiana Ferreira de Souza, Richard Burchmore, Roberto Sartori, Peter David Eckersall, João Carlos Pinheiro Ferreira
Bovine follicular fluid (FF) constitutes the microenvironment of follicles and includes various biologically active proteins. We performed a study involving 18 healthy non-lactating Holstein cows to determine the protein expression profile of FF at key-stages of follicular development. Follicles were individually aspirated in vivo at pre-deviation (F1∼7.0mm); deviation (F1∼8.5mm); post-deviation (F1∼12.0mm); and pre-ovulatory stages of follicle development, which were confirmed by measurement of follicular estradiol and progesterone concentrations...
November 15, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141800/elevated-plasma-fibrinogen-levels-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients-during-relapse
#20
Jahir Miranda Acuña, Milagros Hidalgo de la Cruz, Alberto Lozano Ros, Saskia Prasca Tapia, Maria Luisa Martínez Ginés, Clara Dionisia de Andrés Frutos
Fibrinogen is a protein that plays a key role in blood coagulation and thrombosis and it is involved in several inflammatory processes; in multiple sclerosis (MS) may be related with blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption. We analysed the relationship between plasma fibrinogen levels and the presence of active lesions on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) during relapses of multiple sclerosis (MS) and clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) patients. METHODS: We collected data of patients admitted to a tertiary-care hospital with relapse of MS and CIS from 2008 to 2013 and we analysed the relation between plasma fibrinogen levels (normal: 200mg/dl-417mg/dl) and the presence of active lesions on brain or spinal MRI...
November 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
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