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Cardiac minimally invasive surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092294/outcomes-of-a-combined-approach-of-percutaneous-coronary-revascularization-and-cardiac-valve-surgery
#1
Orlando Santana, Sandeep Singla, Christos G Mihos, Andrés M Pineda, Gregg W Stone, Paul A Kurlansky, Isaac George, Ajay J Kirtane, Craig R Smith, Nirat Beohar
A subset of patients requiring coronary revascularization and valve surgery may benefit from a combined approach of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and valve surgery, as opposed to the standard median sternotomy approach of combined coronary artery bypass and valve surgery. To evaluate its potential benefits and limitations, a literature search was performed using PubMed, EMBASE, Ovid, and the Cochrane library, through March 2016 to identify all studies involving a combined approach of PCI and valve surgery in patients with coronary artery and valvular disease...
January 13, 2017: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074797/minimally-invasive-compared-to-conventional-approach-for-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-improves-outcome
#2
Jitumoni Baishya, Antony George, Jayaprakash Krishnamoorthy, Geetha Muniraju, Murali Chakravarthy
INTRODUCTION: Minimally invasive (MI) cardiac surgery is a rapidly gaining popularity, globally as well as in India. We aimed to compare the outcome of MI to the conventional approach for coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. METHODS: This prospective, comparative study was conducted at a tertiary care cardiac surgical center. All patients who underwent CABG surgery via MI approach (MI group) from July 2015 to December 2015 were enrolled and were compared against same number of EuroSCORE II matched patients undergoing CABG through conventional mid-sternotomy approach (CON group)...
January 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073987/neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-and-risk-of-atrial-fibrillation-after-thoracic-surgery
#3
Kevin J Walsh, Kay See Tan, Hao Zhang, David Amar
OBJECTIVES: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) occurs frequently in patients after noncardiac thoracic surgery and has been associated with increased morbidity and risk of stroke. Recent studies have shown conflicting results on the role of neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and its association with the development of POAF after cardiac surgery. Our goal was to determine whether an association exists between NLR and the incidence of POAF after non-cardiac thoracic surgery. METHODS: Using a database of 259 consecutive patients age 60 or older who had anatomic lung resection or oesophagectomy for oncologic resection, we compared preoperative, postanaesthesia care unit and postoperative day 1 NLR between patients who did and did not develop POAF during their hospitalization using Fisher's exact test or logistic regression...
January 10, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073791/rapid-deployment-aortic-replacement-radar-registry-in-spain-a-protocol
#4
Victor Bautista-Hernandez, Natalia Cal-Purriños, Jose M Arribas-Leal, Manuel Carnero-Alcazar, Jose F Gutierrez-Diez, Jose J Cuenca-Castillo
INTRODUCTION: Rapid deployment valves (RDV) represent a newly introduced approach to aortic valve replacement which facilitates surgical implantation and minimally invasive techniques, shortens surgical times and shows excellent haemodynamic performance. However, evidence on their safety, efficacy and potential complications is mostly fitted with small-volume and retrospective studies. Moreover, no current guidelines exist. To improve our knowledge on this technology, The Rapid Deployment Aortic Replacement (RADAR) Registry will be established across Spain with the aim of assessing RDV outcomes in the real-world setting...
January 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068869/a-regenerative-cardiac-patch-formed-by-spray-painting-of-biomaterials-onto-the-heart
#5
Junnan Tang, Adam Vandergriff, Zegen Wang, Michael Hensley, Jhon Cores, Tyler Allen, Phuong-Uyen Dinh, Jinying Zhang, Thomas Caranasos, Ke Cheng
Layering a regenerative polymer scaffold on the surface of the heart, termed as a cardiac patch, has been proven to be effective in preserving cardiac function after myocardial infarction. However, the placement of such a patch on the heart usually needs open-chest surgery, which is traumatic therefore prevents the translation of this strategy into the clinic. We sought to device a novel method to apply a cardiac patch by spray painting in situ polymerizable biomaterials onto the heart with a minimally invasive procedure...
January 9, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063271/hybrid-minimally-invasive-approach-for-transvenous-lead-extraction-a-feasible-technique-in-high-risk-patients
#6
Luca Bontempi, Francesca Vassanelli, Manuel Cerini, Gianluigi Bisleri, Alberto Repossini, Laura Giroletti, Lorenza Inama, Francesca Salghetti, Daria Liberto, Daniele Giacopelli, Abdallah Raweh, Claudio Muneretto, Antonio Curnis
INTRODUCTION: Despite the overall safety, transvenous lead extraction (TLE) remains a challenging procedure with inherent risks, where surgery can still be required in elective cases. In this study, we report our experience with a minimally invasive "hybrid" approach, defined as a procedure performed by an electrophysiologist with the support of a cardiac surgeon in the same operative session. METHODS AND RESULTS: We reported 12 cases of planned hybrid lead extraction; minithoracotomy and thoracoscopy were performed on 10 (83%) and 2 (17%) patients, respectively...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063123/minimally-invasive-surgery-should-be-the-standard-of-care-for-paraesophageal-hernia-repair
#7
Francisco Schlottmann, Paula D Strassle, Timothy M Farrell, Marco G Patti
BACKGROUND: It is unclear if minimally invasive surgery (MIS) has been universally embraced for paraesophageal hernia (PEH) repair. The aims of this study were: (a) to assess the national utilization of MIS for PEH repair and (b) to compare the perioperative outcomes between MIS and open procedures METHODS: A retrospective population-based analysis was performed using the National Inpatient Sample for the period 2000-2013. Adult patients (≥18 years old) who underwent PEH repair were included...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040751/minimally-invasive-endoscopic-surgery-versus-catheter-based-device-occlusion-for-atrial-septal-defects-in-adults-reconsideration-of-the-standard-of-care
#8
Yvonne Schneeberger, Andreas Schaefer, Lenard Conradi, Jens Brickwedel, Hermann Reichenspurner, Rainer Kozlik-Feldmann, Christian Detter
OBJECTIVES: Percutaneous ostium secundum atrial septal defect (ASD II) closure has become the standard of care for treatment of congenital ASD II in adults. Nevertheless, patients are frequently ineligible for this technique due to challenging morphology. In such cases, closure via minimally invasive cardiac surgery (MICS) is an appropriate treatment option. The aim of this study is to compare outcomes of MICS and use of a percutaneous Amplatzer septal occluder (ASO) device for treatment of ASD II in adults...
December 31, 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027204/minimally-invasive-analgesia-after-cardiac-surgery
#9
Tiziano Cassina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017338/complications-associated-with-femoral-cannulation-during-minimally-invasive-cardiac-surgery
#10
Joseph Lamelas, Roy F Williams, Maurice Mawad, Angelo LaPietra
BACKGROUND: Different types of cannulation techniques are available for minimally invasive cardiac surgery. At our institution, we favor a femoral platform for most minimally invasive cardiac procedures. Here, we review our results utilizing this cannulation approach. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all minimally invasive valve surgeries that were performed at our institution between January 2009 and January 2015. Operative times, lengths of stay, postoperative complications, and mortality were analyzed...
December 22, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009954/outcomes-of-minimally-invasive-valve-surgery-in-patients-with-multiple-previous-cardiac-operations
#11
Orlando Santana, Rama Krishna, Nisharahmed Kherada, Christos G Mihos
BACKGROUND: The study aim was to evaluate the outcomes of minimally invasive valve surgery, performed via a right anterior thoracotomy approach, in patients with a history of multiple (more than two) prior cardiac surgeries. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of all minimally invasive valve operations performed in patients with a prior history of two or more cardiac surgeries, including coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and/or valve surgery, at the authors' institution between January 2008 and November 2014...
July 2016: Journal of Heart Valve Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977305/what-is-the-role-of-sutureless-aortic-valves-in-today-s-armamentarium
#12
Dimos Karangelis, Amine Mazine, Apostolos Roubelakis, Christos Alexiou, Socrates Fragoulis, C David Mazer, Bobby Yanagawa, David Latter, Daniel Bonneau
Sutureless and rapid-deployment aortic bioprostheses represent an emerging and promising technology for the treatment of aortic valve stenosis. Unlike traditional aortic bioprostheses, these devices are not hand-sewn, thus allowing a significant reduction in operative times, while facilitating minimally invasive surgery and complex cardiac interventions. Sutureless aortic valve replacement represents a less invasive treatment option and an excellent alternative to conventional aortic valve replacement in elderly and higher risk patients...
December 26, 2016: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965918/minimally-invasive-cardiac-surgery-versus-conventional-median-sternotomy-for-atrial-septal-defect-closure
#13
Joon Chul Jung, Kyung-Hwan Kim
BACKGROUND: Median sternotomy is the standard approach for atrial septal defect (ASD) closure. However, minimally invasive cardiac surgery (MICS) has been introduced at many centers in adult/grown-up congenital heart patients. We retrospectively reviewed the results of right anterolateral thoracotomy compared with conventional median sternotomy (CMS) for ASD closure at Seoul National University Hospital. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 60 adult patients who underwent isolated ASD closure from January 2004 to December 2013 (42 in the CMS group, 18 in the MICS group)...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942487/long-term-results-after-robotically-assisted-coronary-bypass-surgery
#14
Johannes Bonatti, Jehad Ramahi, Faisal Hasan, Ahmad Edris, Thomas Bartel, Ravi Nair, Murat Tuzcu, Rakesh Suri, Tomislav Mihaljevic
BACKGROUND: Robotically-assisted coronary bypass grafting (CABG) was introduced in 1998 and dedicated centers have continuously applied and developed this minimally invasive method of coronary bypass surgery. While short-term results are relatively well published, data on long-term outcome are limited. In this literature review, we assessed the outcomes after robotic CABG following the first postoperative year. METHODS: We searched PubMed for articles containing the terms "robotic" or "robotically assisted" and "coronary bypass"...
November 2016: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928446/gastrostomy-with-peritoneal-collar-versus-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy
#15
Tudor C, Branescu C, Savlovschi C, El-Khatib A, Pantu H, Nica A, Dascalu Am, Masoumeh B, Tudor As, Oprescu Sm, Serban D
Aim. The present study aimed to perform a medico-surgical comparative analysis of the 2 most widely used techniques: gastrostomy with peritoneal collar versus percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy, based on the vast clinical experience in an Upper Digestive Surgery Clinic. Materials and method. A retrospective study was carried out between January 2010 and January 2015 on the patients admitted for a surgical solution for feeding. The indications, preoperative preparation, surgical techniques, and postoperative outcomes were analyzed...
October 2016: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895342/innovations-in-cardiovascular-care-historical-perspective-contemporary-practice-recent-trends-and-future-directions
#16
Hasanat Sharif, Mayera Tufail
Cardiovascular diseases continue to be a major cause of mortality and morbidity in the world population. First open heart procedure was performed by Gibbon in 1953, since then many advancements have been introduced to the field of cardiac surgery. Minimally invasive techniques were introduced, which include minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), off-pump technique, minimally invasive valve surgery or transcatheter techniques to implant stentless or sutureless valves. The hybrid strategy to address coronary disease combines catheterisation procedures with standard surgical techniques...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860546/transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-state-of-the-art-and-future-directions
#17
Mackram F Eleid, David R Holmes
Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is a transformational and rapidly evolving treatment for patients with aortic stenosis who require valve replacement. Novel technological advancements have made this percutaneous minimally invasive therapy a first-line treatment for many patients at extreme risk for conventional cardiac surgery. New devices and improvements in existing devices have reduced procedural complications, and scientific trials are investigating the role of TAVR in lower-risk aortic stenosis populations, in patients with aortic regurgitation, and in patients with bicuspid aortic valve disease...
January 14, 2017: Annual Review of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815412/minimally-invasive-approach-for-coronary-artery-fistula-correction
#18
Laichun Song, Bo Wang, Jing Jin, Zhengdong Hua, Huadong Yu, Liang Tao
OBJECTIVES: Minimally invasive cardiac surgery has recently become widespread. The aim of this study is to analyse the feasibility of a minimally invasive approach for coronary artery fistula (CAF) correction. METHODS: From February 2001 to June 2014, 49 patients in our centre underwent minimally invasive CAF correction without cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). The mean age was 21.18 ± 11.24 years (range, 5 months to 64 years). Patients with cardiac anomalies who underwent CAF correction and those who underwent CAF via the minimally invasive approach with CPB were excluded...
November 3, 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785879/intravascular-and-hybrid-intraoperative-stent-placement-for-baffle-obstruction-in-transposition-of-the-great-arteries-after-atrial-switch
#19
Joseph T Poterucha, Nathaniel W Taggart, Jonathan N Johnson, Bryan C Cannon, Allison K Cabalka, Donald J Hagler, Joseph A Dearani, Frank Cetta
OBJECTIVES: To report our experience with intravascular and hybrid intra-operative stent placement for baffle obstruction in patients with complete transposition of the great arteries (TGA) after the atrial switch (Mustard/Senning) operation. BACKGROUND: Venous baffle obstruction is a challenging complication after atrial switch operation in patients with TGA. Traditional treatment options include intravascular stenting or surgery. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of Mayo Clinic's electronic medical record was completed to identify consecutive pediatric and adult patients with TGA after atrial switch who underwent baffle stent implantation from 1994 to 2015...
October 27, 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747025/atrial-fibrillation-review-of-current-treatment-strategies
#20
REVIEW
Joshua Xu, Jessica G Y Luc, Kevin Phan
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most prevalent cardiac arrhythmia in modern clinical practice, with an estimated prevalence of 1.5-2%. The prevalence of AF is expected to double in the next decades, progressing with age and increasingly becoming a global medical challenge. The first-line treatment for AF is often medical treatment with either rate control or anti-arrhythmic agents for rhythm control, in addition to anti-coagulants such as warfarin for stroke prevention in patient at risk. Catheter ablation has emerged as an alternative for AF treatment, which involves myocardial tissue lesions to disrupt the underlying triggers and substrates for AF...
September 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
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