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Growth charts WHO CDC

Mitchell R Ladd, Alejandro V Garcia, Ira L Leeds, Courtney Haney, Maria M Oliva-Hemker, Samuel Alaish, Emily Boss, Daniel S Rhee
BACKGROUND: Pediatric patients with Crohn disease (CD) are frequently malnourished, yet how this affects surgical outcomes has not been evaluated. This study aims to determine the effects of malnourishment in children with CD on 30-day outcomes after surgery. STUDY DESIGN: The ACS NSQIP-Pediatric database from 2012 to 2015 was used to select children aged 5-18 with CD who underwent bowel surgery. BMI-for-age Z-scores were calculated based on CDC growth charts and 2015 guidelines of pediatric malnutrition were applied to categorize severity of malnutrition into none, mild, moderate, or severe...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Celia J Rodd, Daniel L Metzger, Atul K Sharma
Objectives: The Public Health Agency of Canada has officially adopted growth charts from the World Health Organization (WHO); nevertheless, North American blood pressure (BP) Z-scores and percentiles still depend on height Z-scores based on growth charts from the US Centers for Disease Control (CDC), which may differ significantly, particularly in toddlers. Since many practitioners simply replace CDC height scores with WHO equivalents for diagnosing hypertension, we explore the impact of this substitution on BP Z-scores in real-world BPs measured on more than 22,000 children aged 2 to 18 years...
May 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
Tabashir Z Nobari, Shannon E Whaley, Michael L Prelip, Catherine M Crespi, May C Wang
BACKGROUND: Obesity prevalence among low-income preschool-aged children in the United States decreased between 2010 and 2014. However, this decreasing trend may be varied across socioeconomic subgroups. This study examined trends in obesity prevalence among low-income children from 2003 to 2014 by child's age and household and neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES). METHODS: This study used administrative data for all children, aged 2-4 years, participating in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) in Los Angeles County (LAC) during the years 2003-2014...
May 9, 2018: Childhood Obesity
Christie L Walker, Audrey A Merriam, Eric O Ohuma, Manjiri K Dighe, Michael Gale, Lakshmi Rajagopal, Aris T Papageorghiou, Cynthia Gyamfi-Bannerman, Kristina M Adams Waldorf
BACKGROUND: Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito-transmitted flavivirus, which can induce fetal brain injury and growth restriction following maternal infection during pregnancy. Prenatal diagnosis of ZIKV-associated fetal injury in the absence of microcephaly is challenging due to an incomplete understanding of how maternal ZIKV infection affects fetal growth and the use of different sonographic reference standards around the world. We hypothesized that skeletal growth is unaffected by ZIKV infection and that the femur length can represent an internal standard to detect growth deceleration of the fetal head and/or abdomen by ultrasound...
May 5, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
David S Freedman, Gerald S Berenson
BACKGROUND: Although the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) growth charts are widely used in studies of childhood obesity, BMI z scores are known to be inaccurate at values greater than the 97th percentile. METHODS: We used longitudinal data from 6994 children in the Bogalusa Heart Study who were examined multiple times to compare tracking of 3 BMI metrics: BMI-for-sex/age z score (BMIz), BMI expressed as a percentage of the 95th percentile (%BMIp95), and levels of BMI z score that adjust for the compression of very high z scores (adjusted z score [BMIaz])...
September 2017: Pediatrics
David S Freedman, Nancy F Butte, Elsie M Taveras, Alyson B Goodman, Cynthia L Ogden, Heidi M Blanck
OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations among several body mass index (BMI) metrics (z-scores, percent of the 95th percentile (%BMIp95) and BMI minus 95th percentile (ΔBMIp95) as calculated in the growth charts from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). It is known that the widely used BMI z-scores (BMIz) and percentiles calculated from the growth charts can differ substantially from those that directly observed in the data for BMIs above the 97th percentile (z = 1...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
David S Freedman, Nancy F Butte, Elsie M Taveras, Elizabeth A Lundeen, Heidi M Blanck, Alyson B Goodman, Cynthia L Ogden
OBJECTIVE: Although the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) growth charts are widely used, BMI-for-age z-Scores (BMIz) are known to be uninformative above the 97th percentile. This study compared the relations of BMIz and other BMI metrics (%BMIp95 , percent of 95th percentile, and ΔBMIp95 , BMI minus 95th percentile) to circumferences, skinfolds, and fat mass. We were particularly interested in the differences among children with severe obesity (%BMIp95  ≥ 120). METHODS: Data was used from 30,003 2- to 19-year-olds who were examined from 1999-2000 through 2013-2014 in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)...
April 2017: Obesity
Danielle Usatin, Elizabeth H Yen, Catherine McDonald, Fadi Asfour, John Pohl, Jacob Robson
BACKGROUND: Early childhood growth status has been used to predict long-term clinical outcomes in Cystic Fibrosis (CF) patients. Adulthood CF outcomes based on early weight-for-length (WFL) measurements, using either World Health Organization (WHO) or Centers for Disease Control (CDC) scales, have not been compared. METHODS: Cystic Fibrosis Foundation registry patients were studied (n=3014). Participants were categorized at age two years as WFL <50th percentile on both WHO and CDC scales, ≥50th percentile on WHO but not CDC, or ≥50th percentile on both...
July 2017: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
B Chowdhury, M A Hoque, M A Hossain, A M Chowdhury, M N Islam, M A Khaleque, M A Ali, M R Khan, R K Bhuiyan, M M Hasan, M Akhtaruzzaman, H Akhter
Malnutrition is widely prevalent among hospitalized children in most developing countries including Bangladesh. Though malnutrition accounts for the high rate of under 5 mortality sometimes it is overlooked. Keeping in this in mind A comparative cross sectional study was done in Mymensingh Medical College Hospital from 1st October 2009 to 31st May 2011. Children aged 1-5 years with presence of one or more criteria WHM <70%, WHZ-score <-3SD, Bipedal edema & Mid upper arm circumference <110mm were taken as study group and children aged 1-5 years with normal growth allowable normal range of variation is between 3rd and 97th centile curve or median (50th centile) ±2SD of weight for age growth chart (CDC growth chart, USA, 2000) were taken as reference group...
October 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Sarah P Garnett, Louise A Baur, Aimee M D Jones, Louise L Hardy
OBJECTIVE: Children with severe obesity have greater risk of adverse health outcomes. The purpose of this study was to assess trends in the prevalence of morbid and severe obesity in Australian children between 1985 and 2012. METHODS: Secondary analysis of four national Australian cross-sectional surveys of measured height/weight in 7-15 year olds: Australian Health and Fitness Survey 1985 (n = 8,486), National Nutrition Survey 1995 (n = 1,541), the National Children's Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey 2007 (n = 2,585) and the National Health Survey 2012 (n = 2,940)...
2016: PloS One
Michael W Aversano, Payam Moazzaz, Anthony A Scaduto, Norman Y Otsuka
BACKGROUND: Children who present with idiopathic slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) have an increased risk of developing bilateral disease. Predicting which patients will develop problems with bilateral hips is important for determining treatment algorithms. This is a retrospective observational study that evaluates the relationship and risk between body mass index (BMI)-for-age and unilateral and bilateral SCFE in patients followed until physeal closure. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of all patients with SCFE presenting to one institution from 1998-2005...
June 2016: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
Kaigang Li, Denise Haynie, Hira Palla, Leah Lipsky, Ronald J Iannotti, Bruce Simons-Morton
OBJECTIVE: The research sought to determine the reliability of assessing adolescents' weight status based on three standard criteria, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) growth charts, International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) standards, and the World Health Organization (WHO) growth references. METHODS: Data from the NEXT Generation Health Study US 10th grade cohort (n=2323, mean age=16.19years) starting in 2009 were used. Kappa statistics assessed agreement of assignment to weight categories...
June 2016: Preventive Medicine
Zhumin Zhang, Suzanne M Shoff, HuiChuan J Lai
OBJECTIVE: To examine differences between use of World Health Organization (WHO) and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) growth reference in children with cystic fibrosis (CF) up to 2 years of age. STUDY DESIGN: Growth from 1-24 months in 2587 children, born 2003-2006 and recorded in the US CF Foundation Registry, was evaluated using WHO and CDC references. RESULTS: In both boys and girls with CF aged 1-24 months, use of WHO charts resulted in ∼8 percentile lower length-for-age and ∼13% higher short stature rate (length-for-age <5th percentile)...
November 2015: Journal of Pediatrics
Hui Lu, Yelena N Tarasenko, Farrah C Asgari-Majd, Cherell Cottrell-Daniels, Fei Yan, Jian Zhang
INTRODUCTION: As obesity prevalence has increased, adolescents' self-perceived body weight might have shifted accordingly. This study aims to investigate the generational shift in adolescents' perception of their body weight. METHODS: We used data from adolescents aged 12-16 years who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 1988-1994 (early, n=1,720) or 2007-2012 (recent, n=2,518). Self-perceived weight status was assessed by face-to-face interviews, and BMI z-scores were calculated using directly measured weight and height with the 2000 CDC Growth Charts as the reference...
November 2015: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Pedro A Mendoza Pablo, Jesús Valdés, Luis Ortiz-Hernández
OBJECTIVE: To compare the accuracy of three BMI-forage references (World Health Organization reference, WHO; the updated International Obesity Task Force reference, IOTF; and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) growth charts) to diagnose obesity in Mexican children. METHODS: A convenience sample of Mexican schoolchildren (n = 218) was assessed. The gold standard was the percentage of body fat estimated by deuterium dilution technique. Sensitivity and specificity of the classical cutoff point of BMI-for-age to identify obesity (i...
June 1, 2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
R Chaves, A Baxter-Jones, M Souza, D Santos, J Maia
The purpose of this study was (1) to develop references of height, weight, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference and body fat for rural Portuguese children and adolescents and (2) to compare these results with other international references. The sample comprised 3094 children and adolescents aged 7-17 years from Vouzela, a central region in Portugal. Height, weight, BMI, waist circumference and body fat were measured. Centile curves were constructed using the LMS method. The Vouzela sample showed similar height median values compared to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and World Health Organization (WHO) percentile curves but greater values for weight and BMI...
June 2015: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
Henrique Nascimento, Cristina Catarino, Denisa Mendonça, Pedro Oliveira, Ana Inês Alves, Ana Filipa Medeiros, Petronila Rocha Pereira, Carla Rêgo, Helena Ferreira Mansilha, Luísa Aires, Jorge Mota, Alexandre Quintanilha, Alice Santos-Silva, Luís Belo
BACKGROUND: Growth-curves are an important tool for evaluating the anthropometric development in pediatrics. The different growth-curves available are based in different populations, what leads to different cut-offs. Pediatric obesity tracks into adulthood and is associated with increased cardiovascular risk. The accurate assessment of a child nutritional status using growth-curves can indicate individuals that are either obese or in risk of becoming obese, allowing an early intervention...
2015: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
Evans Machogu, Yumei Cao, Tami Miller, Pippa Simpson, Hara Levy, Diana Quintero, Praveen S Goday
OBJECTIVES: The relation of weight-for-length (WFL) and weight-for-age (WFA) measurements with pulmonary function in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) using the World Health Organization (WHO) growth standards has not been evaluated. The objective of the present study was to show that the relation of WFL and WFA measurements at 2 years with forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) at 6 to 8 years differs when using the WHO versus the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) growth charts...
March 2015: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Jillian K Warejko, S Paul Hmiel
Our center has offered thymoglobulin induction with steroid minimization to our pediatric renal transplant patients for the last 10 yr. Steroid minimization or avoidance has shown favorable results in survival, kidney function, and growth in previous studies of pediatric patients. We report our experience with this protocol over the past 10 yr with respect to patient/graft survival, acute rejection episodes, renal function, linear growth, bone density, cardiovascular risk factors, and opportunistic infections...
December 2014: Pediatric Transplantation
Yiibonn Bong, Asma Ahmad Shariff, Abdul Majid Mohamed, Amir Feisal Merican
BACKGROUND: Growth references are useful for the screening, assessment and monitoring of individual children as well as for evaluating various growth promoting interventions that could possibly affect a child in early life. AIM: To determine the growth centiles of Malaysian children and to establish contemporary cross-sectional growth reference charts for height and weight from birth to 6 years of age based on a representative sample of children from Malaysia. METHODS: Gender- and age-specific centile curves for height and weight were derived using the Cole's LMS method...
March 2015: Annals of Human Biology
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