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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081288/short-dental-implants-6-mm-versus-long-dental-implants-11-15-mm-in-combination-with-sinus-floor-elevation-procedures-3-year-results-from-a-multi-center-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#1
Veronika Pohl, Daniel S Thoma, Katarzyna Sporniak-Tutak, Abel Garcia-Garcia, Thomas D Taylor, Robert Haas, Christoph H F Hämmerle
AIM: To test whether or not the use of short dental implants (6 mm) results in an implant survival rate similar to that with longer implants (11-15 mm) in combination with sinus grafting. METHODS: This multi-center study enrolled 101 patients with partial edentulism in the posterior maxilla and a remaining bone height of 5-7 mm. Included patients were randomly assigned to receive short implants (6 mm; GS / group short) or long implants (11-15 mm) simultaneously with sinus grafting (GG / group graft)...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074907/insights-into-an-evolutionary-strategy-leading-to-antibiotic-resistance
#2
Chun-Feng D Hou, Jian-Wei Liu, Charles Collyer, Nataša Mitić, Marcelo Monteiro Pedroso, Gerhard Schenk, David L Ollis
Metallo-β-lactamases (MBLs) with activity towards a broad-spectrum of β-lactam antibiotics have become a major threat to public health, not least due to their ability to rapidly adapt their substrate preference. In this study, the capability of the MBL AIM-1 to evade antibiotic pressure by introducing specific mutations was probed by two alternative methods, i.e. site-saturation mutagenesis (SSM) of active site residues and in vitro evolution. Both approaches demonstrated that a single mutation in AIM-1 can greatly enhance a pathogen's resistance towards broad spectrum antibiotics without significantly compromising the catalytic efficiency of the enzyme...
January 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065891/genetic-and-biochemical-characterization-of-hmb-1-a-novel-subclass-b1-metallo-%C3%AE-lactamase-found-in-a-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-clinical-isolate
#3
Niels Pfennigwerth, Felix Lange, Cristina Belmar Campos, Moritz Hentschke, Sören G Gatermann, Martin Kaase
OBJECTIVES: To characterize a novel subclass B1 metallo-β-lactamase (MBL) found in an MDR Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical isolate. METHODS: The isolate P. aeruginosa NRZ-03096 was recovered in 2012 from an anal swab from a patient hospitalized in Northern Germany and showed high MICs of carbapenems. MBL production was analysed by several phenotypic tests. Genetic characterization of the novel bla gene and MLST was performed by WGS. The novel bla gene was expressed in Escherichia coli TOP10 and the enzyme was subjected to biochemical characterization to determine the kinetic parameters Km and kcat RESULTS: P...
January 8, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056798/high-rate-of-in-stent-restenosis-after-coronary-intervention-in-carriers-of-the-mutant-mannose-binding-lectin-allele
#4
Zsolt Bagyura, Loretta Kiss, Balázs Berta, Ágnes Szilágyi, Kristóf Hirschberg, Gábor Széplaki, Árpád Lux, Zsolt Szelid, Pál Soós, Béla Merkely
BACKGROUND: In-stent restenosis occurs in 10-30% of patients following bare metal stent (BMS) implantation and has various risk factors. Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) is known to have effect on the progression of atherosclerosis. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of the MBL2 gene intron 1 (codon 52, 54, 57) are known to modulate the bioavailability of the MBL protein. Our aim was to identify the association of these polymorphisms of the MBL gene in the occurrence of in-stent restenosis after coronary artery bare metal stent implantation...
January 5, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052761/increased-activity-of-the-complement-system-in-cerebrospinal-fluid-of-the-patients-with-non-hiv-cryptococcal-meningitis
#5
Lei Shen, Jianming Zheng, Yan Wang, Mengqi Zhu, Haoxiang Zhu, Qi Cheng, Qian Li
BACKGROUNDS: Cryptococcal meningitis (CM) has been known to lead to significant morbidity and mortality. The relative contribution of the complement system in protection and pathogenesis during CM remains largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the baseline complement component profiles in human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and plasma from non-HIV patients with CM, and therefore to provide insights of possible roles of the complement system in CM. METHODS: CSF and blood samples from forty two CM patients not infected with HIV and thirteen non-CM control patients (Ctrl) were retrospectively selected and evaluated from the patients admitted to the hospital with a suspected diagnosis of CM...
January 4, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032346/mannose-binding-lectin-and-l-ficolin-polymorphisms-in-patients-with-community-acquired-pneumonia-caused-by-intracellular-pathogens
#6
Gijs van Kempen, Sabine Meijvis, Hendrik Endeman, Bart Vlaminckx, Bob Meek, Ben de Jong, Ger T Rijkers, Willem Jan Bos
Community acquired pneumonia (CAP) is the leading infectious disease requiring hospitalisation in the Western World. Genetic variability affecting the host response to infection may play a role in susceptibility and outcome in CAP patients. Mannose binding lectin (MBL) and L-ficolin (L-FCN) are two important activators of the complement system and they can enhance phagocytosis by opsonisation. In a prospective cohort of 505 Dutch CAP patients and 227 controls we studied whether polymorphisms in the MBL (MBL2) and FCN (FCN2) genes influenced susceptibility and outcome...
December 29, 2016: Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013438/outcomes-of-implant-therapy-in-patients-with-a-history-of-aggressive-periodontitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Charis Theodoridis, Andreas Grigoriadis, Georgios Menexes, Ioannis Vouros
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the outcomes of implant therapy in partially dentate patients treated for aggressive periodontitis (GAgP) in comparison to periodontally healthy (HP) and patients treated for chronic periodontitis (CP) utilizing radiographic and clinical parameters. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An electronic search of databases, supplemented by hand searching, was conducted to identify relevant clinical studies. Sequential screenings at the title, abstract and full-text levels were performed independently and in duplicate...
December 24, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008939/csmap34-a-teleost-map-with-dual-role-a-promoter-of-masp-assisted-complement-activation-and-a-regulator-of-immune-cell-activity
#8
Mo-Fei Li, Jun Li, Li Sun
In teleost fish, the immune functions of mannan-binding lectin (MBL) associated protein (MAP) and MBL associated serine protease (MASP) are scarcely investigated. In the present study, we examined the biological properties both MAP (CsMAP34) and MASP (CsMASP1) molecules from tongue sole (Cynoglossus semilaevis). We found that CsMAP34 and CsMASP1 expressions occurred in nine different tissues and were upregulated by bacterial challenge. CsMAP34 protein was detected in blood, especially during bacterial infection...
December 23, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007530/utilizing-the-carba-np-test-as-an-indicator-of-expression-level-of-carbapenemase-genes-in-enterobacteriaceae
#9
Takaya Segawa, Mari Matsui, Masato Suzuki, Atsuko Tsutsui, Makoto Kuroda, Keigo Shibayama, Satowa Suzuki
The Carba NP test was developed to detect carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae, and uses imipenem as the reaction substrate. In Japan, IMP-6 metallo-β-lactamase (MBL) producers, which are usually resistant to meropenem but susceptible to imipenem, and IMP-1 MBL producers, which are usually resistant to both carbapenems are prevalent. We performed the Carba NP test with IMP-6 and IMP-1 MBL producers, and both types were detected by the Carba NP test with high sensitivity. All IMP-1 MBL producers were detected by the Carba NP test, but the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of imipenem varied from 0...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Microbiological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997520/polymorphisms-of-mannose-binding-lectin-and-toll-like-receptors-2-3-4-7-and-8-and-the-risk-of-respiratory-infections-and-acute-otitis-media-in-children
#10
Laura Toivonen, Juho Vuononvirta, Jussi Mertsola, Matti Waris, Qiushui He, Ville Peltola
BACKGROUND: Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) and toll-like receptors (TLR) are important components of the innate immune system. We assessed the susceptibility of children with genetic variants in these factors to respiratory infections, rhinovirus infections, and acute otitis media. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, blood samples from 381 Finnish children were analyzed for polymorphisms in MBL2 at codons 52, 54, and 57, TLR2 Arg753Gln, TLR3 Leu412Phe, TLR4 Asp299Gly, TLR7 Gln11Leu, and TLR8 Leu651Leu...
December 15, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990506/platform-switching-versus-regular-platform-implants-3-year-post-loading-results-from-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Silvio Mario Meloni, Sascha Aleksandear Jovanovic, Milena Pisano, Marco Tallarico
PURPOSE: To test the hypothesis that platform switching and regular platform implants would have different outcomes in single-tooth replacement against the alternative hypothesis of no difference. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was designed as a randomised controlled split-mouth trial. Eighteen patients with bilaterally missing single premolars or molars to be restored with implant-supported single crowns, were consecutively enrolled. Implant sites were randomly assigned to be treated according to the platform switching concept (PS group), or with matching implant-abutment diameters (RP group)...
2016: European Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982280/mannose-binding-lectin-2-mbl2-gene-polymorphisms-are-related-to-protein-plasma-levels-but-not-to-heart-disease-and-infection-by-chlamydia
#12
M A F Queiroz, S T M Gomes, N C C Almeida, M I M Souza, S R C F Costa, R B Hermes, S S Lima, M M Zaninotto, M A A Fossa, M A Maneschy, R N Martins-Feitosa, V N Azevedo, L F A Machado, M O G Ishak, R Ishak, A C R Vallinoto
The presence of the single nucleotide polymorphisms in exon 1 of the mannose-binding lectin 2 (MBL2) gene was evaluated in a sample of 159 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery (71 patients undergoing valve replacement surgery and 300 control subjects) to investigate a possible association between polymorphisms and heart disease with Chlamydia infection. The identification of the alleles B and D was performed using real time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and of the allele C was accomplished through PCR assays followed by digestion with the restriction enzyme...
December 12, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982184/assessment-of-marginal-bone-loss-around-platform-matched-and-platform-switched-implants-a-prospective-study
#13
Newton Sesma, Carlos Garaicoa-Pazmino, Piero R Zanardi, Eliseo P Chun, Dalva Cruz Laganá
The aim of the present study was to perform a software-assisted radiographic assessment of the effect of platform-switching on marginal bone loss (MBL) around dental implants. Forty patients requiring a dental implant in non-grafted partially edentulous mandibles were enrolled and categorized into implants receiving a platform-matched abutment (control group) or implants with a platform-switched abutment (test group). Standardized digital periapical radiographs were taken at the time of implant placement (T0), at implant loading (T1) and 1-year after functional loading (T2)...
November 2016: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978603/clinical-and-radiographic-intra-subject-comparison-of-implants-placed-with-or-without-guided-bone-regeneration-15-year-results
#14
Goran I Benic, Mira Bernasconi, Ronald E Jung, Christoph H F Hämmerle
AIM: To test whether implants placed with simultaneous guided bone regeneration (GBR) differ from implants placed without GBR regarding survival rate, interproximal marginal bone level (MBL), and dimensions of buccal bone and mucosa. MATERIAL & METHODS: Twenty-three patients treated 15 years earlier were included. Machined implants had been inserted following one of the two procedures: (1) with simultaneous GBR, which involved grafting with particulate deproteinized bovine bone mineral (DBBM), autogenous bone (AB) or a mixture of the two and defect covering with a native collagen membrane (CM), (GBR group) and (2) standard implant placement without GBR (control group)...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977827/minimally-invasive-sinus-augmentation-procedure-using-a-dedicated-hydraulic-sinus-lift-implant-device-a-prospective-case-series-study-on-clinical-radiologic-and-patient-centered-outcomes
#15
Marco Tallarico, Silvio Mario Meloni, Erta Xhanari, Milena Pisano, David L Cochran
The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical and radiologic outcomes of a novel device that allows simultaneous hydraulic sinus membrane elevation, bone grafting, and implant placement. A sample of 18 consecutive participants with severe atrophy of the posterior maxilla underwent transcrestal elevation of the sinus membrane and implant placement. At the 6-month follow-up, the following parameters were assessed: implant success, any complications, marginal bone loss (MBL), three-dimensional (3D) graft measurements, implant stability quotient (ISQ), and graft density...
January 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977820/immediate-loading-of-single-implants-a-2-year-prospective-multicenter-study
#16
Carlo Mangano, Filiep Raes, Carolina Lenzi, Tammaro Eccellente, Michele Ortolani, Giuseppe Luongo, Francesco Mangano
The aim of this prospective multicenter study was to evaluate the outcomes of single implants subjected to immediate functional loading. Inclusion criteria were single-tooth placement in postextraction sockets or fully healed sites, and sufficient bone height and width to place an implant of at least 3.5 × 10.0 mm. All implants were functionally loaded immediately after placement and followed for 2 years. Outcome measures were implant survival, complications, and peri-implant marginal bone loss (MBL). A total of 57 implants (38 maxilla, 19 mandible) were placed in 46 patients (23 men, 23 women, aged 18-73 years)...
January 2017: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973898/thermalization-and-thermal-transport-in-molecules
#17
Hari Datt Pandey, David M Leitner
The nature and rate of thermal transport through molecular junctions depend on the length over which thermalization occurs. For junctions formed by alkane chains, in which thermalization occurs only slowly, measurements reveal that thermal resistance is controlled by bonding with the substrates, whereas fluorination can introduce thermal resistance within the molecules themselves, although the mechanism remains unclear. Here we present results of quantum-mechanical calculations of elastic and inelastic scattering rates, the length over which thermalization occurs, and thermal conductance in alkane and perfluoroalkane junctions...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27967130/fidelity-of-the-diagonal-ensemble-signals-the-many-body-localization-transition
#18
Taotao Hu, Kang Xue, Xiaodan Li, Yan Zhang, Hang Ren
In this work, we use exact matrix diagonalization to explore the many-body localization (MBL) transition in a random-field Heisenberg chain. We demonstrate that the fidelity and fidelity susceptibility can be utilized to characterize the interaction-driven many-body localization transition in this closed spin system which is in agreement with previous analytical and numerical results [S. Garnerone, N. T. Jacobson, S. Haas, and P. Zanardi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 057205 (2009)PRLTAO0031-900710.1103/PhysRevLett...
November 2016: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934808/presence-of-metallo-beta-lactamases-mbl-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-esbl-ampc-positive-non-fermenting-gram-negative-bacilli-among-intensive-care-unit-patients-with-special-reference-to-molecular-detection-of-blactx-m-blaampc-genes
#19
Richa Gupta, Abida Malik, Meher Rizvi, Moied Ahmed
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Non-fermenting Gram-negative bacilli (NFGNB) including Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii have been implicated in a variety of infections, particularly in the Intensive Care Units (ICUs). This study was aimed to overview the burden of multidrug-resistant NFGNB causing infections in ICU and also to assess the occurrence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs), AmpC and metallo-beta-lactamases (MBLs) among these isolates. METHODS: Bacterial culture, identification and antibiotic susceptibility were carried out...
August 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931588/evaluation-of-mannose-binding-lectin-is-a-useful-approach-to-predict-the-risk-of-infectious-complications-following-autologous-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#20
Z B Radnay, M Udvardy, M Papp, J Hársfalvi, L Rejto, I Pál, Á Illés, A Kiss
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) associated immunocompromised state carries high risk of infectious complications. Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) is an acute phase protein involved in innate immune response. Serum MBL level is genetically determined and quite stable. According to literature, significant association was shown between low MBL concentrations and serious infections. The association between serum MBL level and frequency and severity of infections was studied in 186 patients following autologous HSCT...
December 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
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