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Adnan I Qureshi, Yuko Y Palesch, William G Barsan, Daniel F Hanley, Chung Y Hsu, Renee L Martin, Claudia S Moy, Robert Silbergleit, Thorsten Steiner, Jose I Suarez, Kazunori Toyoda, Yongjun Wang, Haruko Yamamoto, Byung-Woo Yoon
Background Limited data are available to guide the choice of a target for the systolic blood-pressure level when treating acute hypertensive response in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage. Methods We randomly assigned eligible participants with intracerebral hemorrhage (volume, <60 cm(3)) and a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score of 5 or more (on a scale from 3 to 15, with lower scores indicating worse condition) to a systolic blood-pressure target of 110 to 139 mm Hg (intensive treatment) or a target of 140 to 179 mm Hg (standard treatment) in order to test the superiority of intensive reduction of systolic blood pressure to standard reduction; intravenous nicardipine to lower blood pressure was administered within 4...
September 15, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Cléverson O Silva, Jéssica M S Soumaille, Fabiano C Marson, Patrícia S Progiante, Dimitris N Tatakis
AIM: The objective of this prospective study was to assess clinical and patient-centred outcomes of aesthetic crown lengthening surgery for the treatment of altered passive eruption. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-two patients were treated and followed up for 6 months. The evaluated clinical parameters included, among others, probing depth, clinical attachment level, clinical crown length (CLc ), cemento-enamel junction to alveolar bone crest distance, gingival width (GW) and gingival display (GD)...
December 2015: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
Syeda L Alqadri, Varun Sreenivasan, Adnan I Qureshi
Acute elevation in blood pressure (acute hypertensive response) is commonly observed in the early period of both ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. The management of acute hypertensive response depends upon the underlying intracranial pathology. Management of acute hypertensive response has been the focus of many trials and studies such as the SCAST trial, CHHIPS trial, COSSACS trial, INTERACT, and ATACH trial, which are discussed here. However, there were many limitations to these trials including time of presentation, different pathophysiology of ischemic strokes versus hemorrhagic strokes, and patient related factors...
December 2013: Current Cardiology Reports
Haitham M Hussein, Nauman A Tariq, Yuko Y Palesch, Adnan I Qureshi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The reliability of hematoma volume (HV) measurement using the ABC/2 method in multicenter clinical trials is unknown. We determined the accuracy of ABC/2 method as an on-site test in comparison with the gold standard central HV-assessment and semiautomatic HV-assessment. Method- We analyzed data from an acute intracerebral hemorrhage multicenter clinical trial. HV was measured by site investigators to determine enrollment eligibility (<60 cm(3)) using the ABC/2 method (on-site HV), and independently by the core-imaging laboratory using computer-based analysis (Medical Image Processing, Analysis, and Visualization [MIPAV] HV)...
January 2013: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Syeda L Alqadri, Adnan I Qureshi
Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is intra-parenchymal bleeding that may lead to localized hematoma formation. The hematoma can enlarge over a period of time, and directly contribute to neurological deterioration and death. Several studies have shown a relationship between acute hypertensive response and poor prognosis among patients with ICH; however, it is somewhat unclear whether hematomal expansion, is a cause or a result of elevated blood pressure (BP). Current AHA guidelines state MAP should be maintained <130 mmHg and systolic blood pressure (SBP) <180 mmHg...
August 2012: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
Erin M Grise, Opeolu Adeoye
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Acute stroke, including the subtypes of ischemic stroke, intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), and subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), typically involves significant fluctuations in blood pressure (BP). Treatment of BP after all stroke types is controversial. In each case, there are theoretical dangers to leaving BP alone as well as altering it artificially. In this article, we review the role of BP in each stroke subtype and the existing evidence for BP optimization. RECENT FINDINGS: Except in patients receiving thrombolytic therapy, there is insufficient evidence to recommend active BP management in ischemic stroke...
April 2012: Current Opinion in Critical Care
Adnan I Qureshi, Yuko Y Palesch, Renee Martin, Jill Novitzke, Salvador Cruz-Flores, Asad Ehtisham, Mustapha A Ezzeddine, Joshua N Goldstein, Jawad F Kirmani, Haitham M Hussein, M Fareed K Suri, Nauman Tariq, Yuan Liu
BACKGROUND: There is some evidence that hyperglycemia increases the rate of poor outcomes in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). We explored the relationship between various parameters of serum glucose concentrations measured during acute hospitalization and hematoma expansion, perihematomal edema, and three month outcome among subjects with ICH. METHODS: A post-hoc analysis of a multicenter prospective study recruiting subjects with ICH and elevated systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥170 mmHg who presented within 6 h of symptom onset was performed...
December 2011: Neurocritical Care
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility and acute (i.e., within 72 hrs) safety of three levels of systolic blood pressure reduction in subjects with supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhage treated within 6 hrs after symptom onset. DESIGN: A traditional phase I, dose-escalation, multicenter prospective study. SETTINGS: Emergency departments and intensive care units. PATIENTS: Patients with intracerebral hemorrhage with elevated systolic blood pressure > or = 170 mm Hg who present to the emergency department within 6 hrs of symptom onset...
February 2010: Critical Care Medicine
Adnan I Qureshi
This trial is a multicenter open-labeled pilot trial to determine the tolerability and safety of three escalating levels of antihypertensive treatment goals for acute hypertension in 60 subjects with supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). The pilot trial is the natural development of numerous case series evaluating the effect of antihypertensive treatment of acute hypertension in subjects with ICH. The proposed trial will have important public health implications by providing necessary information for a definitive phase III study regarding the efficacy of antihypertensive treatment of acute hypertension in subjects with ICH...
2007: Neurocritical Care
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