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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156687/distribution-of-lymph-node-metastasis-from-lymphoepithelial-like-carcinoma-of-the-parotid
#1
LiNa Yin, Xue Huang, XiaoLan Liu, YongChun Zhang, Xiaoshen Wang
Purpose: To explore the distribution of node spread from lymphoepithelial-like carcinoma (LELC) of the parotid gland based on the 2013 updated guidelines for neck node levels. Results: 42 (58.3%) cases had metastatic nodes, all were localized at the ipsilateral neck. The detailed distribution was: level Ia 0, level Ib 6(14.3%), level II 34 (80.1%), level III 16 (38.1%), level IV 9 (21.4%), level V 7 (16.7%), level VI 0, level VII 0, level VIII 37 (88.1%), level IX 0, level Xa 2 (4...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155996/hierarchical-attention-networks-for-information-extraction-from-cancer-pathology-reports
#2
Shang Gao, Michael T Young, John X Qiu, Hong-Jun Yoon, James B Christian, Paul A Fearn, Georgia D Tourassi, Arvind Ramanthan
Objective: We explored how a deep learning (DL) approach based on hierarchical attention networks (HANs) can improve model performance for multiple information extraction tasks from unstructured cancer pathology reports compared to conventional methods that do not sufficiently capture syntactic and semantic contexts from free-text documents. Materials and Methods: Data for our analyses were obtained from 942 deidentified pathology reports collected by the National Cancer Institute Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program...
November 16, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155942/detergent-based-decellularization-strategy-preserves-macro-and-microstructure-of-heart-valves
#3
Jessica Haupt, Georg Lutter, Stanislav N Gorb, Dan T Simionescu, Derk Frank, Jette Seiler, Alina Paur, Irma Haben
OBJECTIVES: Biological tissue has great potential to function as bioprostheses in patients for heart valve replacement. As these matrices are mainly xenogenic, the immunogenicity needs to be reduced by decellularization steps. Reseeding of bioscaffolds has tremendous potential to prevent calcification upon implantation, so intact microstructure of the material is mandatory. An optimal decellularization protocol of heart valves resulting in adequate preservation of the extracellular architecture has still not been developed...
October 9, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154240/polish-consensus-on-treatment-of-gastric-cancer-update-2017
#4
Jan Kulig, Grzegorz Wallner, Michał Drews, Mariusz Frączek, Arkadiusz Jeziorski, Wojciech Kielan, Piotr Kołodziejczyk, Anna Nasierowska-Guttmejer, Teresa Starzyńska, Krzysztof Zinkiewicz, Marek Wojtukiewicz, W Tomasz Skoczylas, Piotr Richter, Marek Krawczyk
The "Polish Research on Gastric Cancer" project has been continued since 1986. The main aim of this project, which is a multicenter and interdisciplinary research, is enhancing the treatment results of gastric cancer patients by developing and promoting the use of optimal methods for diagnosis and treatment, both surgical as well as combined. One of the more important achievements of the project is the development and publication of a document named "Polish Consensus on Treatment of Patients with Gastric Cancer", whose first version was published in 1998...
October 31, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152798/atomic-force-microscopy-for-biomechanical-and-structural-analysis-of-human-dermis-a-complementary-tool-for-medical-diagnosis-and-therapy-monitoring
#5
Leonardo Peñuela, Carola Negro, Michela Massa, Erica Repaci, Emanuele Cozzani, Aurora Parodi, Silvia Scaglione, Rodolfo Quarto, Roberto Raiteri
Skin mechanical properties are usually measured considering the entire skin thickness and very little is known about the mechanical behavior of individual skin layers. We propose atomic force microscopy (AFM) as a tool to quantify nanoscale changes in the biomechanical properties and ultrastructure of human papillary dermis exposed to different mechanical and physical stimuli. Samples from three human skin biopsies were studied: one stretched by obesity, one subjected to a high level of sun-exposure, and normal skin as control...
November 20, 2017: Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152570/the-mediterranean-overflow-in-the-gulf-of-cadiz-a-rugged-journey
#6
Ricardo F Sánchez-Leal, María Jesús Bellanco, Luis Miguel Fernández-Salas, Jesús García-Lafuente, Marc Gasser-Rubinat, César González-Pola, Francisco J Hernández-Molina, Josep L Pelegrí, Alvaro Peliz, Paulo Relvas, David Roque, Manuel Ruiz-Villarreal, Simone Sammartino, José Carlos Sánchez-Garrido
The pathways and transformations of dense water overflows, which depend on small-scale interactions between flow dynamics and erosional-depositional processes, are a central piece in the ocean's large-scale circulation. A novel, high-resolution current and hydrographic data set highlights the intricate pathway travelled by the saline Mediterranean Overflow as it enters the Atlantic. Interaction with the topography constraints its spreading. Over the initial 200 km west of the Gibraltar gateway, distinct channels separate the initial gravity current into several plunging branches depth-sorted by density...
November 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150628/artificial-topography-changes-the-growth-strategy-of-spartina-alterniflora-case-study-with-wave-exposure-as-a-comparison
#7
Hualong Hong, Minyue Dai, Haoliang Lu, Jingchun Liu, Jie Zhang, Chaoqi Chen, Kang Xia, Chongling Yan
This paper reports findings about the growth of Spartina alterniflora (Loisel.) near an engineered coastal protection defences to discover the potential influences on vegetation growth from the artificial topography. Impacts of the artificial topography on the sediment element composition were detected by comparing the fixed effects caused by artificial topography and wave exposure using linear mixed models. Surficial sediments under the impacts of artificial topography contain elevated levels of biogenic elements and heavy metals, including C (and organic carbon), N, S, Al, Fe, Mn, Cu, Zn, As, Cd, Cr, Ni, and Pb...
November 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150540/increased-florbetapir-binding-in-the-temporal-neocortex-from-age-20-to-60-years
#8
Julie Gonneaud, Eider M Arenaza-Urquijo, Florence Mézenge, Brigitte Landeau, Malo Gaubert, Alexandre Bejanin, Robin de Flores, Miranka Wirth, Clémence Tomadesso, Géraldine Poisnel, Ahmed Abbas, Béatrice Desgranges, Gaël Chételat
OBJECTIVE: To improve our understanding of early β-amyloid (Aβ) accumulation processes using florbetapir-PET scan in 20- to 60-year-old individuals. METHODS: Seventy-six cognitively normal individuals aged 20 to 60 years, 57 cognitively normal older individuals (61-84 years old), and 70 patients with mild cognitive impairment or probable Alzheimer disease (AD) underwent a florbetapir-PET scan. Images were spatially normalized and scaled using the whole cerebellum...
November 17, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149422/interrelationships-among-hydrogen-permeation-physiochemical-properties-and-early-adsorption-abilities-of-titanium
#9
Fang Jia, Lei Zhou, Wangxi Wu
This study aimed to investigate if the titanium samples with low hydrogen permeation which treated with a novel etching combination: phosphoric acid and sodium fluoride could influence the surface physiochemical properties and early adsorption ability. Titanium samples were treated with three different concentrations of the new formula, as groups A, B and C, and treated with the traditional etching formula, as group T. Zeta potential, contact angle, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and fibronectin (FN)/vitronectin (VN) adsorption of Sprague-Dawley (SD) rat tibial osteotomies in the initial 30min and MG-63 adsorption in the initial 24 h were detected...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148800/size-and-shape-of-amyloid-fibrils-induced-by-ganglioside-nanoclusters-role-of-sialyl-oligosaccharide-in-fibril-formation
#10
Teruhiko Matsubara, Masaya Nishihara, Hanaki Yasumori, Mako Nakai, Katsuhiko Yanagisawa, Toshinori Sato
Ganglioside-enriched microdomains in the presynaptic neuronal membrane play a key role in the initiation of amyloid ß-protein (Aß) assembly related to Alzheimer's disease. We previously isolated lipids from a detergent-resistant membrane microdomain fraction of synaptosomes prepared from aged mouse brain and found that spherical Aß assemblies were formed on Aß-sensitive ganglioside nanoclusters (ASIGN) of reconstituted lipid bilayers in the synaptosomal fraction. In the present study, we investigated the role of oligosaccharides in Aß fibril formation induced by ganglioside-containing mixed lipid membranes that mimic the features of ASIGN...
November 17, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148784/multistage-transformation-and-lattice-fluctuation-at-agcl-ag-interface
#11
Jingshan S Du, Jungwon Park, QHwan Kim, Wonho Jhe, Vinayak P Dravid, Deren Yang, David A Weitz
Solid-state transformation between different materials is often accompanied by mechanical expansion and compression due to their volume change and structural evolution at interfaces. However, these two types of dynamics are usually difficult to monitor in the same time. In this work, we use in situ transmission electron microscopy to directly study the reduction transformation at the AgCl-Ag interface. Three stages of lattice fluctuations were identified and correlated to the structural evolution. During the steady state, a quasi-layered growth mode of Ag in both vertical and lateral directions were observed due to the confinement of AgCl lattices...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148032/secondary-glaucoma-in-uveitis-comparison-of-the-optic-nerve-head-morphology-among-a-nonmydriatic-fundus-camera-hrt-and-sd-oct
#12
Milena Pahlitzsch, Matthias K J Klamann, Saskia Jacob, Carl Erb, Sibylle Winterhalter, Necip Torun, Anna-Karina B Maier, Eckart Bertelmann
PURPOSE: To assess the correlation between the disc damage likelihood scale (DDLS) objectively measured by a nonmydriatic fundus camera, confocal laser scanning ophthalmoscopy (HRT3), and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in uveitic glaucoma. METHODS: A total of 59 patients with uveitic glaucoma (21 female, 38 male; mean age 56.8 ± 18.7 years) were included in this prospective cross-sectional study. All patients were measured by the Kowa Nonmyd WX 3D camera (2D/3D nonmydriatic retinal camera, Kowa Company), the HRT3 (Heidelberg Engineering), and SD-OCT (Carl Zeiss Meditec) by one examiner on the same day...
November 4, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147545/protein-labeling-for-live-cell-fluorescence-microscopy-with-a-highly-photostable-renewable-signal
#13
Nina G Bozhanova, Mikhail S Baranov, Natalia V Klementieva, Karen S Sarkisyan, Alexey S Gavrikov, Ilia V Yampolsky, Elena V Zagaynova, Sergey A Lukyanov, Konstantin A Lukyanov, Alexander S Mishin
We present protein-PAINT - the implementation of the general principles of PAINT (Point Accumulation for Imaging in Nanoscale Topography) for live-cell protein labeling. Our method employs the specific binding of cell-permeable fluorogenic dyes to genetically encoded protein tags. We engineered three mutants of the bacterial lipocalin Blc that possess different affinities to a fluorogenic dye and exhibit a strong increase in fluorescence intensity upon binding. This allows for rapid labeling and washout of intracellular targets on a time scale from seconds to a few minutes...
October 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146986/cascading-predator-effects-in-a-fijian-coral-reef-ecosystem
#14
Douglas B Rasher, Andrew S Hoey, Mark E Hay
Coral reefs are among Earth's best-studied ecosystems, yet the degree to which large predators influence the ecology of coral reefs remains an open and contentious question. Recent studies indicate the consumptive effects of large reef predators are too diffuse to elicit trophic cascades. Here, we provide evidence that such predators can produce non-consumptive (fear) effects that flow through herbivores to shape the distribution of seaweed on a coral reef. This trophic cascade emerged because reef topography, tidal oscillations, and shark hunting behaviour interact to create predictable "hot spots" of fear on the reef where herbivores withhold feeding and seaweeds gain a spatial refuge...
November 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146934/a-continuous-13-3-ka-record-of-seismogenic-dust-events-in-lacustrine-sediments-in-the-eastern-tibetan-plateau
#15
Hanchao Jiang, Ning Zhong, Yanhao Li, Xiaolin Ma, Hongyan Xu, Wei Shi, Siqi Zhang, Gaozhong Nie
Lacustrine sediments on the eastern Tibetan Plateau (TP) contain a wealth of information on local and regional tectonic activity. High-resolution grain-size and magnetic susceptibility measurements were conducted on the 23.4-m-thick Lixian lacustrine sedimentary sequence spanning from 19.3 to 6.0 ka, revealing 70 prehistoric seismic events on the eastern TP. The seismic events caused intermittent increases in source materials that endowed the samples of an individual event layer with a gradual fining trend along the C = M line on a C (one percentile)-M (median diameter) plot...
November 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146471/periodic-acid-schiff-pas-reaction-and-plastination-in-whole-body-slices-a-novel-technique-to-identify-fascial-tissue-structures
#16
Hanno Steinke, Dina Wiersbicki, Marie-Lynn Speckert, Claudia Merkwitz, Thomas Wolfskämpf, Benjamin Wolf
Since collagen rich fascial tissue is often very delicate and difficult to discern on native tissue slices, we have developed a method for staining full-body slices using the periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) reaction with subsequent plastination. Since the PAS reaction primarily stains carbohydrates, we could exploit the circumstance that different collagen types vary in carbohydrate content. Contrary to fasciae, tissues such as muscle, bone, nerves and blood vessels exhibit significantly less staining or remain unstained...
November 13, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145728/understanding-how-emergency-medicine-physicians-survive-and-thrive-in-rural-practice-a-theoretical-model
#17
Ashra Kolhatkar, Andrea Keesey, Bob Bluman, Brenna Lynn, Tandi Wilkinson
INTRODUCTION: The challenges facing emergency medicine (EM) services in Canada reflect the limitations of the entire healthcare system. The emergency department (ED) is uniquely situated in the healthcare system such that shortcomings in hospital- and community-based services are often first revealed there. This is especially true in rural settings, where there are additional site-specific barriers to the provision of EM care. Existing studies look at the factors that influence rural EM physicians in isolation...
November 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145168/frontal-infraslow-activity-marks-the-motor-spasms-of-anti-lgi1-encephalitis
#18
Richard Wennberg, Claude Steriade, Robert Chen, Danielle Andrade
OBJECTIVE: The clinical and electrographic features of seizures in anti-LGI1 encephalitis are distinct from those seen in other autoimmune encephalitides or non-encephalitic epilepsies. One electroclinical phenomenon specific to the condition consists of lateralized motor spasms, known as faciobrachial dystonic seizures (FBDS). An electrodecremental pattern overriding a "DC shift" has been described as the EEG correlate of these spasms. We sought to further characterize this pre-spasm infraslow activity (ISA)...
October 28, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143830/gramicidin-ion-channels-in-a-lipid-bilayer-supported-on-polyelectrolyte-multilayer-films-an-electrochemical-impedance-study
#19
Eleftheria Diamanti, Eduart Gutiérrez-Pineda, Nikolaos Politakos, Patrizia Andreozzi, María José Rodriguez-Presa, Wolfgang Knoll, Omar Azzaroni, Claudio A Gervasi, Sergio E Moya
Supported membranes on polymer cushions are of fundamental interest as models for cell membranes. The use of polyelectrolyte multilayers (PEMs) assembled by the layer by layer (LbL) technique as supports for a bilayer allows for easy integration of the lipid bilayer on surfaces and devices and for nanoscale tunable spacing of the lipid bilayer. Controlling ionic permeability in lipid bilayers supported on PEMs triggers potential applications in sensing and as models for transport phenomena in cell membranes...
November 16, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143028/frame-metric-and-geodesic-evolution-in-shape-changing-nematic-shells
#20
Cyrus Mostajeran, Mark Warner, Carl D Modes
Non-uniform director fields in flat, responsive, glassy nematic sheets lead to the induction of shells with non-trivial topography on the application of light or heat. Contraction along the director causes metric change, with, in general, the induction of Gaussian curvature, that drives the topography change. We describe the metric change, the evolution of the director field, and the transformation of reference state material curves, e.g. spirals into radii, as curvature develops. The non-isometric deformations associated with heat or light change the geodesics of the surface, intriguingly even in regions where no Gaussian curvature results...
November 16, 2017: Soft Matter
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