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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441749/using-wavelet-packet-transform-for-surface-roughness-evaluation-and-texture-extraction
#1
Xiao Wang, Tielin Shi, Guanglan Liao, Yichun Zhang, Yuan Hong, Kepeng Chen
Surface characterization plays a significant role in evaluating surface functional performance. In this paper, we introduce wavelet packet transform for surface roughness characterization and surface texture extraction. Surface topography is acquired by a confocal laser scanning microscope. Smooth border padding and de-noise process are implemented to generate a roughness surface precisely. By analyzing the high frequency components of a simulated profile, surface textures are separated by using wavelet packet transform, and the reconstructed roughness and waviness coincide well with the original ones...
April 23, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439909/effect-of-thermally%C3%A2-deposited-siloxane-methacrylate-coating-on-bonding-to-glass-fibre-posts
#2
F P Silva, A L Faria-E-Silva, R R Moraes, A O Ogliari, G R Reis, A R F Oliveira, M S Menezes
AIM: To evaluate the alterations promoted by a thermally deposited siloxane-methacrylate coating on the surface of glass-fibre posts and its effect on the bond strength of resin-core materials to the posts. METHODOLOGY: Fibre post surfaces were treated with experimental thermally deposited siloxane-methacrylate coatings or clinically available treatments (i.e., hydrogen peroxide and methylene chloride); non-treated posts were used as controls. The contact angles formed between the post surface and the water/adhesive were measured with a tensiometer...
April 25, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437901/one-dimensional-stitching-interferometry-assisted-by-a-triple-beam-interferometer
#3
Junpeng Xue, Lei Huang, Bo Gao, Konstantine Kaznatcheev, Mourad Idir
In this work, we proposed for stitching interferometry to use a triple-beam interferometer to measure both the distance and the tilt for all sub-apertures before the stitching process. The relative piston between two neighboring sub-apertures is then calculated by using the data in the overlapping area. Comparisons are made between our method, and the classical least-squares principle stitching method. Our method can improve the accuracy and repeatability of the classical stitching method when a large number of sub-aperture topographies are taken into account...
April 17, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437614/engineering-highly-interconnected-neuronal-networks-on-nanowire-scaffolds
#4
Vini Gautam, Shagufta Naureen, Naeem Shahid, Qian Gao, Yi Wang, David R Nisbet, Chennupati Jagadish, Vincent R Daria
Identifying the specific role of physical guidance cues in the growth of neurons is crucial for understanding the fundamental biology of brain development and for designing scaffolds for tissue engineering. Here, we investigate the structural significance of nanoscale topographies as physical cues for neurite outgrowth and circuit formation by growing neurons on semiconductor nanowires. We monitored neurite growth using optical and scanning electron microscopy, and evaluated the spontaneous neuronal network activity using functional calcium imaging...
April 24, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437441/fluorescence-imaging-topography-scanning-system-for-intraoperative-multimodal-imaging
#5
Tri T Quang, Hye-Yeong Kim, Forrest Sheng Bao, Francis A Papay, W Barry Edwards, Yang Liu
Fluorescence imaging is a powerful technique with diverse applications in intraoperative settings. Visualization of three dimensional (3D) structures and depth assessment of lesions, however, are oftentimes limited in planar fluorescence imaging systems. In this study, a novel Fluorescence Imaging Topography Scanning (FITS) system has been developed, which offers color reflectance imaging, fluorescence imaging and surface topography scanning capabilities. The system is compact and portable, and thus suitable for deployment in the operating room without disturbing the surgical flow...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437179/mechanically-oriented-3d-collagen-hydrogel-for-directing-neurite-growth
#6
Merav Antman-Passig, Shahar Levy, Chaim Gartenberg, Hadas Schori, Orit Shefi
Recent studies in the field of neuro-tissue engineering have demonstrated the promising effects of aligned contact guidance cue scaffolds of enhancement and direction of neuronal growth. In-vivo, neurons grow and develop neurites in a complex 3-Dimensional (3D) extra cellular matrix (ECM) surrounding. Studies have utilized hydrogel scaffolds derived from ECM molecules to better simulate natural growth. While many efforts have been made to control neuronal growth on 2D surfaces, the development of 3D scaffolds with an elaborate oriented topography to direct neuronal growth still remains a challenge...
February 21, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436450/definition-of-fractal-topography-to-essential-understanding-of-scale-invariance
#7
Yi Jin, Ying Wu, Hui Li, Mengyu Zhao, Jienan Pan
Fractal behavior is scale-invariant and widely characterized by fractal dimension. However, the cor-respondence between them is that fractal behavior uniquely determines a fractal dimension while a fractal dimension can be related to many possible fractal behaviors. Therefore, fractal behavior is independent of the fractal generator and its geometries, spatial pattern, and statistical properties in addition to scale. To mathematically describe fractal behavior, we propose a novel concept of fractal topography defined by two scale-invariant parameters, scaling lacunarity (P) and scaling coverage (F)...
April 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436290/topography-of-protein-kinase-c-%C3%AE-ii-in-benign-and-malignant-melanocytic-lesions
#8
Konstanin Krasagakis, Eleftheria Tsentelierou, Gregory Chlouverakis, Efstathios N Stathopoulos
BACKGROUND: Protein kinase C βII promotes melanogenesis and affects proliferation of melanocytic cells but is frequently absent or decreased in melanoma cells in vitro. OBJECTIVE: To investigate PKC-βII expression and spatial distribution within a lesion in various benign and malignant melanocytic proliferations. METHODS: Expression of PKC-βII was semiquantitatively assessed in the various existing compartments (intraepidermal [not nested], junctional [nested], and dermal) of benign (n = 43) and malignant (n = 28) melanocytic lesions by immunohistochemistry...
April 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436254/the-correlation-between-histological-gastritis-staging-olga-olgim-and-serum-pepsinogen-test-in-assessment-of-gastric-atrophy-intestinal-metaplasia-in-china
#9
Xiaoteng Wang, Bin Lu, Lina Meng, Yihong Fan, Shuo Zhang, Meng Li
BACKGROUND: Serum pepsinogen (PG) test, as an indicator of gastric mucosal atrophy, reflects the functional and morphologic status of gastric mucosal and it is suggested to serve as a useful predictive marker for patients with gastric cancer (GC). The available classifications of gastritis, known as the Operative Link on Gastritis Assessment (OLGA) and Operative Link on Gastritis Intestinal Metaplasia (OLGIM), integrating the severity and topography of atrophy/intestinal metaplasia (IM), have been gradually accepted and used in screening for GC in recent years...
April 22, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435619/acid-etching-of-glass-infiltrated-zirconia-and-its-biological-response
#10
Van Thi Vu, Gye-Jeong Oh, Kwi-Dug Yun, Hyun-Pil Lim, Ji-Won Kim, Thao Phuong Thi Nguyen, Sang-Won Park
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of acid etching treatment on surface characteristics and biological response of glass-infiltrated zirconia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A hundred zirconia specimens were divided into four groups depending on surface treatments: untreated zirconia (group Z); acid-etched zirconia (group ZE); glass-infiltrated zirconia (group ZG); and glass-infiltrated and acid-etched zirconia (group ZGE). Surface roughness, surface topography, surface morphology, and Vickers hardness of specimens were evaluated...
April 2017: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435616/tooth-surface-treatment-strategies-for-adhesive-cementation
#11
Nadja Rohr, Jens Fischer
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of tooth surface pre-treatment steps on shear bond strength, which is essential for understanding the adhesive cementation process. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Shear bond strengths of different cements with various tooth surface treatments (none, etching, priming, or etching and priming) on enamel and dentin of human teeth were measured using the Swiss shear test design. Three adhesives (Permaflo DC, Panavia F 2...
April 2017: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435210/incidence-of-interface-fluid-syndrome-after-laser-in-situ-keratomileusis-in-egyptian-patients
#12
Amr A Gab-Alla
PURPOSE: To determine the incidence of interface fluid syndrome (IFS) secondary to steroid-induced elevation of intraocular pressure (IOP) following laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) in myopic Egyptian patients. METHODS: This retrospective case series study was conducted at El-Gowhara Private Eye Center. The medical records of 1,807 patients (3,489 eyes), who underwent LASIK to correct myopia from April 2012 to December 2015 were included. The patients were operated on and reviewed by one surgeon (AAG) for IFS after LASIK associated with elevation of IOP (as compared to preoperative values)...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434111/idh-mutation-and-1p19q-codeletion-distinguish-two-radiological-patterns-of-diffuse-low-grade-gliomas
#13
Amélie Darlix, Jérémy Deverdun, Nicolas Menjot de Champfleur, Florence Castan, Sonia Zouaoui, Valérie Rigau, Michel Fabbro, Yordanka Yordanova, Emmanuelle Le Bars, Luc Bauchet, Catherine Gozé, Hugues Duffau
Diffuse low-grade gliomas (DLGG) prognosis is variable, depending on several factors, including the isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) mutation and the 1p19q codeletion. A few studies suggested associations between these parameters and tumor radiological characteristics including topography. Our aim was analyzing the correlations between the IDH and 1p19q statuses and the tumor intracerebral distribution (at the lobar and voxel levels), volume, and borders. We conducted a retrospective, monocentric study on a consecutive series of 198 DLGG patients...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431370/hydrodynamic-influence-on-reservoir-sustainability-in-semi-arid-climate-a-physicochemical-and-environmental-isotopic-study
#14
Rawaa Ammar, Véronique Kazpard, Antoine G El Samrani, Nabil Amacha, Zeinab Saad, Lei Chou
Water scarcity and increasing water demand require the development of water management plans such as establishing artificial lakes and dams. Plans to meet water needs are faced by uprising challenges to improve water quality and to ensure the sustainability of hydro-projects. Environmental isotopes coupled to water physicochemical characteristics were investigated over a biennial cycle to assess both geomorphological and environmental impacts on the water quality of a reservoir situated in an intensively used agricultural watershed under a Mediterranean semi-arid climate...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430343/fabrication-and-characterization-of-indium-tin-oxide-films
#15
Shiuh-Chuan Her, Chun-Fu Chang
BACKGROUND: Transparent conducting oxide (TCO) films are of particular interest in the field of optoelectronics, due to the requirement for transparent electrodes in applications such as organic light-emitting diodes, solar cells and so on. The aim of this study was to obtain a better understanding of the effects of preparation temperature on indium tin oxide (ITO) films, to improve their performance for optoelectronic applications. METHODS: ITO films were deposited on glass substrate at different temperatures, using direct current (DC) magnetron sputtering...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430290/frequency-and-topography-of-small-cerebrovascular-lesions-in-vascular-and-in-mixed-dementia-a-post-mortem-7-tesla-magnetic-resonance-imaging-study-with-neuropathological-correlates
#16
Jacques De Reuck, Florent Auger, Nicolas Durieux, Vincent Deramecourt, Claude-Alain Maurage, Charlotte Cordonnier, Florence Pasquier, Didier Leys, Regis Bordet
<i><b>Introduction</b>: Mixed dementia (MixD) refers to a combination of definite Alzheimer's disease (AD) and vascular encephalopathy. The existence of a "pure" type of vascular dementia (VaD) is controversial. There is a need to find magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics allowing the distinction between VaD and MixD. The present post-mortem 7.0-tesla MRI compares the frequency or severity and the topography of the small cerebrovascular lesions in brains of patients with VaD and with MixD...
2017: Folia Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428103/characteristics-and-clinical-implications-of-reactive-germinal-centers-in-the-bone-marrow
#17
Rose Lou Marie C Agbay, L Jeffrey Medeiros, Joseph D Khoury, Alireza Salem, Carlos E Bueso-Ramos, Sanam Loghavi
Reactive germinal centers (GCs) in the bone marrow (BM) have been described in patients with autoimmune disorders, infections, malignancies and following certain drug therapies, or as an isolated finding without obvious underlying disease. In this study, we describe the clinical conditions in which reactive GCs occur in BM samples, and their topography and accompanying laboratory and ancillary findings in the setting of a cancer center. We identified 32 BM specimens with reactive GCs with an estimated frequency of <0...
April 17, 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426462/high-resolution-esophageal-manometry-interpretation-in-clinical-practice
#18
Rena Yadlapati
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Esophageal high-resolution manometry (HRM) is the current state-of-the-art diagnostic tool to evaluate esophageal motility patterns and, as such, is widely adopted in clinical practice. This article will review the interpretation of esophageal HRM in clinical practice. RECENT FINDINGS: HRM uses a high-resolution catheter to transmit intraluminal pressure data that are subsequently converted into dynamic esophageal pressure topography (EPT) plots...
April 19, 2017: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426197/photoluminescence-segmentation-within-individual-hexagonal-monolayer-tungsten-disulfide-domains-grown-by-chemical-vapor-deposition
#19
Yuewen Sheng, Xiaochen Wang, Kazunori Fujisawa, Siqi Ying, Ana Laura Elias, Zhong Lin, Wenshuo Xu, Yingqiu Zhou, Alexander M Korsunsky, Harish Bhaskaran, Mauricio Terrones, Jamie H Warner
We show that hexagonal domains of monolayer tungsten disulfide (WS2) grown by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) with powder precursors can have discrete segmentation in their photoluminescence (PL) emission intensity, forming symmetric patterns with alternating bright and dark regions. Two-dimensional maps of the PL reveal significant reduction within the segments associated with the longest sides of the hexagonal domains. Analysis of the PL spectra shows differences in the exciton to trion ratio, indicating variations in the exciton recombination dynamics...
April 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423793/automated-classification-of-semi-structured-pathology-reports-into-icd-o-using-svm-in-portuguese
#20
Michel Oleynik, Diogo F C Patrão, Marcelo Finger
Pathology reports are a main source of information regarding cancer diagnosis and are commonly written following semi-structured templates that include tumour localisation and behaviour. In this work, we evaluated the efficiency of support vector machines (SVMs) to classify pathology reports written in Portuguese into the International Classification of Diseases for Oncology (ICD-O), a biaxial classification of cancer topography and morphology. A partnership program with the Brazilian hospital A.C. Camargo Cancer Center provided anonymised pathology reports and structured data from 94,980 patients used for training and validation...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
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