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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642669/concordance-for-curve-type-in-idiopathic-scoliosis-among-family-members
#1
Clarissa Miranda Carneiro de Albuquerque Olbertz, Jérôme Sales de Gauzy, Paulo Cezar Vidal Carneiro de Albuquerque, Frank Accadbled, Paula Eduarda Miranda Carneiro de Albuquerque, José Lamartine de Andrade Aguiar
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the concordance for the curve pattern, side and levels of the superior apical vertebrae, apex and inferior apical vertebrae of curves in patients and their relatives with idiopathic scoliosis. METHODS: Concordance according to the Lenke classification for curve pattern, side and levels of the superior apical vertebrae, apex and inferior apical vertebrae were evaluated comparative and prospectively in 243 pairs of patients and respective relatives with idiopathic scoliosis...
May 2017: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642591/donor-and-recipient-age-gender-and-abo-incompatibility-regardless-of-donor-source-validated-criteria-for-donor-selection-for-hematopoietic-transplants
#2
Y Wang, D-P Wu, Q-F Liu, L-P Xu, K-Y Liu, X-H Zhang, Y Xu, F Huang, X-J Huang
Prior data indicate similar outcomes after transplants from HLA-haplotype-matched relatives, HLA-identical siblings and HLA-matched unrelated donors. We used our prospective dataset to answer a clinically important question: who is the best donor for a person with acute leukemia transplanted in 1st complete remission. Patients were randomly divided into training (n=611) and validation (n=588) sets. 1199 consecutive subjects received a transplant from an HLA-haplotype-matched relative using granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) (n=685) or an HLA-identical sibling (n=514); 3-year leukaemia-free survivals (LFSs) were 75 and 74% (P=0...
June 23, 2017: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642112/breastfeeding-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
G López-Fernández, M Barrios, J Goberna-Tricas, J Gómez-Benito
BACKGROUND: The consequences of breastfeeding during pregnancy (BDP) have not been clearly established. Available studies have addressed isolated aspects of this issue using different methodologies, often resulting in contradictory results. To our knowledge, no systematic review has assessed and compared these studies, making it difficult to obtain a clear picture of the consequences of BDP. AIM: To review and summarise all the scientific evidence relating to BDP, and determine whether this evidence is sufficient to establish clear implications for the mother, breastmilk, breastfed child, current pregnancy, and ultimately, the newborn...
June 19, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641585/cancer-bereaved-siblings-positive-and-negative-memories-and-experiences-of-illness-and-death-a-nationwide-follow-up
#4
Mary-Elizabeth Bradley Eilertsen, Malin Lövgren, Alexandra Eilegård Wallin, Ulrika Kreicbergs
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to explore bereaved siblings' positive and negative memories and experiences of their brother's or sister's illness and death. METHOD: In our nationwide Swedish study, 174 of 240 (73%) bereaved siblings participated, and 70% responded to two open-ended statements, which focused on siblings' positive and negative memories and experiences of illness and death. The data were analyzed using systematic text condensation. RESULTS: The bereaved siblings' responses were categorized into four different themes: (1) endurance versus vulnerability, (2) family cohesion versus family conflicts, (3) growth versus stagnation, and (4) professional support versus lack of professional support...
June 23, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641549/relevance-of-cat-and-dog-sensitization-by-skin-prick-testing-in-childhood-eczema-and-asthma
#5
Kam Lun E Lun Hon, Kathy Yin Ching Tsang, Ting Fan Leung
BACKGROUND: Household animal dander has been implicated as aeroallergen in childhood atopic diseases. Many parents seek healthcare advice if household pet keeping may be detrimental in atopic eczema (AE) and atopies. AIM: We investigated if skin sensitization by cat/dog dander was associated with disease severity and quality of life in children with AE. METHODS: Demographics, skin prick test (SPT) results, disease severity (Nottingham eczema severity score NESS), Children Dermatology Life Quality Index (CDLQI), blood IgE and eosinophil counts of a cohort of AE patients were reviewed...
June 14, 2017: Current Pediatric Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641132/heritability-of-lifetime-ecstasy-use
#6
Karin J H Verweij, Jorien L Treur, Annabel Vreeker, Tibor M Brunt, Gonneke Willemsen, Dorret I Boomsma, Jacqueline M Vink
BACKGROUND: Ecstasy is a widely used psychoactive drug that users often take because they experience positive effects such as increased euphoria, sociability, elevated mood, and heightened sensations. Ecstasy use is not harmless and several immediate and long term side effects have been identified. Lifetime ecstasy use is likely to be partly influenced by genetic factors, but no twin study has determined the heritability. Here, we apply a classical twin design to a large sample of twins and siblings to estimate the heritability of lifetime ecstasy use...
June 15, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641096/hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-for-sickle-cell-anemia-the-changing-landscape
#7
REVIEW
Adetola A Kassim, Deva Sharma
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) remains the only curative therapy for sickle cell disease (SCD); however, its use is limited by lack of suitable human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched donors and decreased application in older patients with significant morbidity. Myeloablative, HLA-identical sibling transplantation in children with SCD offers excellent long-term survival, with overall and event-free survival rates of 95% and 92%, respectively. However, the risk of graft-versus-host-disease, infections, infertility, and other long-term transplant complications, further limits its widespread use...
June 15, 2017: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641090/injunctive-safety-norms-young-worker-risk-taking-behaviors-and-workplace-injuries
#8
Simon Pek, Nick Turner, Sean Tucker, E Kevin Kelloway, Jayne Morrish
Injunctive safety norms (ISNs) refer to perceptions of others' expectations of one's safety-related conduct. Drawing on a sample of Canadian young workers (n=11,986;M age=17.90years; 55% males), we study the relationships among four sources of non-work-related (i.e., parents, siblings, friends, teachers), two sources of work-related (i.e., supervisors, co-workers) ISNs, young workers' self-reported work-related risk-taking behaviors, and workplace injuries. Structural equation modeling suggests that ISNs from parents, supervisors, and co-workers were related to less frequent work-related risk-taking behaviors, and with fewer workplace injuries via less frequent work-related risk-taking behaviors...
June 19, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638614/loss-of-kae1-expression-in-collecting-ducts-of-end-stage-kidneys-from-a-family-with-slc4a1-g609r-associated-distal-renal-tubular-acidosis
#9
Alfred A Vichot, Zsuzsanna K Zsengellér, Boris E Shmukler, Nancy D Adams, Neera K Dahl, Seth L Alper
Distal renal tubular acidosis caused by missense mutations in kidney isoform of anion exchanger 1 (kAE1/SLC4A1), the basolateral membrane Cl(-)/HCO3(-) exchanger of renal alpha-intercalated cells, has been extensively investigated in heterologous expression systems but rarely in human kidneys. The preferential apical localization of distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA)-associated kAE1 mutants R901X, G609R and M909T in cultured epithelial monolayers has not been examined in human kidney. Here, we present kidney tissues from dRTA-affected siblings heterozygous for kAE1 G609R, characterized by predominant absence rather than mistargeting of kAE1 in intercalated cells...
February 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638143/siblings-with-optic-neuropathy-and-rtn4ip1-mutation
#10
Nobuhiko Okamoto, Fuyuki Miya, Yoshikazu Hatsukawa, Yasuhiro Suzuki, Kazumi Kawato, Yuto Yamamoto, Tatsuhiko Tsunoda, Mitsuhiro Kato, Shinji Saitoh, Mami Yamasaki, Yonehiro Kanemura, Kenjiro Kosaki
Inherited optic neuropathies (IONs) are neurodegenerative disorders affecting the optic nerve and the nervous system. Dominant and recessive IONs are known. Many of the dominant IONs are caused by mutations of OPA1. Autosomal-recessive IONs are rare. OPA10 is an autosomal-recessive ION due to mutations in RTN4IP1. Patients with RTN4IP1 mutations show extraocular manifestations. We report brothers with optic neuropathy who had novel mutations in the RTN4IP1 gene. This is the first report of Japanese patients with OPA10...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637859/seeds-integrate-biological-information-about-conspecific-and-allospecific-neighbours
#11
Akira Yamawo, Hiromi Mukai
Numerous organisms integrate information from multiple sources and express adaptive behaviours, but how they do so at different developmental stages remains to be identified. Seeds, which are the embryonic stage of plants, need to make decisions about the timing of emergence in response to environmental cues related to survival. We investigated the timing of emergence of Plantago asiatica (Plantaginaceae) seed while manipulating the presence of Trifolium repens seed and the relatedness of neighbouring P. asiatica seed...
June 28, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637620/runx1-deficiency-familial-platelet-disorder-with-predisposition-to-myeloid-leukemia-fpdmm
#12
REVIEW
Brigitte Schlegelberger, Paula G Heller
In this review, we discuss disease-causing alterations of RUNT-related transcription factor 1 (RUNX1), a master regulator of hematopoietic differentiation. Familial platelet disorder with predisposition to myeloid leukemia (FPDMM) typically presents with (1) mild to moderate thrombocytopenia with normal-sized platelets; (2) functional platelets defects leading to prolonged bleeding; and (3) an increased risk to develop myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), acute myeloid leukemia (AML), or T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL)...
April 2017: Seminars in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637611/emotional-communication-in-support-groups-for-siblings-of-children-with-disabilities
#13
Torun Marie Vatne, Erica Zahl
OBJECTIVE: Support groups are often arranged for siblings of children with disabilities to prevent psychological maladjustment. This study describes how children express emotions in support groups and how group leaders and other children respond. METHOD: Conversations in 17 group sessions for siblings aged 11 to 16 were coded with VR-CoDES to report frequency of emotional expressions and responses. RESULTS: Children expressed negative emotion during group sessions (n=235), 59% as cues and 41%concerns...
June 8, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637491/stable-centromere-positioning-in-diverse-sequence-contexts-of-complex-and-satellite-centromeres-of-maize-and-wild-relatives
#14
Jonathan I Gent, Na Wang, R Kelly Dawe
BACKGROUND: Paradoxically, centromeres are known both for their characteristic repeat sequences (satellite DNA) and for being epigenetically defined. Maize (Zea mays mays) is an attractive model for studying centromere positioning because many of its large (~2 Mb) centromeres are not dominated by satellite DNA. These centromeres, which we call complex centromeres, allow for both assembly into reference genomes and for mapping short reads from ChIP-seq with antibodies to centromeric histone H3 (cenH3)...
June 21, 2017: Genome Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636672/metabolomic-profile-and-nucleoside-composition-of-cordyceps-nidus-sp-nov-cordycipitaceae-a-new-source-of-active-compounds
#15
Juan Chiriví, Giovanna Danies, Rocio Sierra, Nicolas Schauer, Sandra Trenkamp, Silvia Restrepo, Tatiana Sanjuan
Cordyceps sensu lato is a genus of arthropod-pathogenic fungi, which have been used traditionally as medicinal in Asia. Within the genus, Ophiocordyceps sinensis is the most coveted and expensive species in China. Nevertheless, harvesting wild specimens has become a challenge given that natural populations of the fungus are decreasing and because large-scale culture of it has not yet been achieved. The worldwide demand for products derived from cultivable fungal species with medicinal properties has increased recently...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636598/astrophysics-stellar-siblings-grow-closer-with-age
#16
Aaron M Geller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636057/symmetrical-brachydactyly-in-a-dog
#17
Megan T Cray, Ursula Krotscheck, Anthony J Fischetti, Kim Tong
Congenital malformations of the canine manus and pes are infrequently reported in the veterinary literature. This includes brachydactyly which is a general term used to indicate the shortening of digits due to abnormal development of the phalanges, metacarpals, or metatarsals. This case report describes isolated brachydactyly in a one-year-old male Maremma Sheepdog affecting all of the phalanges, metacarpals, and metatarsals of digits two through five. This condition was confirmed by determining the length of each phalanx, metacarpal, and metatarsal of the affected dog as well as an unaffected littermate...
June 21, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635581/first-report-on-the-successful-hybridization-of-pangasianodon-hypophthalmus-sauvage-1878-and-clarias-gariepinus-burchell-1822
#18
V T Okomoda, I C C Koh, M S Shahreza
Breeding and larval performance of novel hybrids from reciprocal crosses of Asian catfish Pangasianodon hypophthalmus (Sauvage, 1878) and African catfish Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) were investigated in this study. Spawning was by hormonal injection of brood fish, artificial fertilization, and incubation in triplicate aquarium tanks (0.5 × 0.5 × 0.5 m3) with continuous aeration. Reciprocal crosses (♀C. gariepinus × ♂P. hypophthalmus and ♀P. hypophthalmus × ♂C. gariepinus) had lower hatchability (≤50%) than their pure siblings (≥75%)...
June 21, 2017: Zygote: the Biology of Gametes and Early Embryos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635420/the-most-common-comorbidities-in-dandy-walker-syndrome-patients-a-systematic-review-of-case-reports
#19
Emelina Stambolliu, Myrsini Ioakeim-Ioannidou, Kimonas Kontokostas, Maria Dakoutrou, Antonis A Kousoulis
OBJECTIVE: Dandy-Walker syndrome (DWS) is a rare neurologic multi-entity malformation. This review aimed at reporting its main nonneurologic comorbidities. METHODS: Following PRISMA guidelines, search in Medline was conducted (2000-2014, keyword: dandy-walker). Age, sex, country, DWS type, consanguinity or siblings with DWS, and recorded coexistent conditions (by ICD10 category) were extracted for 187 patients (46.5% male, 43% from Asia) from 168 case reports. RESULTS: Diagnosis was most often set in <1 year old (40...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634707/parent-support-of-preschool-peer-relationships-in-younger-siblings-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Annette Estes, Jeffrey Munson, Tanya St John, Stephen R Dager, Amy Rodda, Kelly Botteron, Heather Hazlett, Robert T Schultz, Lonnie Zwaigenbaum, Joseph Piven, Michael J Guralnick
Preschool-aged siblings of children with ASD are at high-risk (HR) for ASD and related challenges, but little is known about their emerging peer competence and friendships. Parents are the main providers of peer-relationship opportunities during preschool. Understanding parental challenges supporting early peer relationships is needed for optimal peer competence and friendships in children with ASD. We describe differences in peer relationships among three groups of preschool-aged children (15 HR-ASD, 53 HR-NonASD, 40 low-risk, LR), and examine parent support activities at home and arranging community-based peer activities...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
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