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Hearing Preservation

Robert J Yawn, Brendan P O'Connell, Robert T Dwyer, Linsey W Sunderhaus, Susan Reynolds, David S Haynes, René H Gifford
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate performance and quality of life changes after sequential bilateral cochlear implantation in patients with preoperative residual hearing functioning in a bimodal hearing configuration. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis using within-subjects repeated measures design. SETTING: Tertiary otologic center. PATIENTS: Twenty-two adult patients with bilateral sensorineural hearing loss who used bimodal hearing before second cochlear implant (CI) meeting the following criteria: 1) preoperative residual hearing (≤80 dB HL at 250 Hz) in the ear to be implanted, 2) implantation with current CI technology (2013-2016), 3) consonant-nucleus-consonant (CNC) speech recognition testing in the bimodal condition preoperatively and bilateral CI condition postoperatively...
April 2018: Otology & Neurotology
Martin Pienkowski
Hearing loss changes the auditory brain, sometimes maladaptively. When deprived of cochlear input, central auditory neurons become more active spontaneously and begin to respond more strongly and synchronously to better preserved sound frequencies. This spontaneous and sound-evoked central hyperactivity has been postulated to trigger tinnitus and hyperacusis, respectively. Localized hyperactivity has also been observed after long-term exposure to noise levels that do not damage the cochlea. Adult animals exposed to bands of nondamaging noise exhibited suppressed spontaneous and sound-evoked activity in the area of primary auditory cortex (A1) stimulated by the exposure band but had increased spontaneous and evoked activity in neighboring A1 areas...
January 2018: Trends in Hearing
Diego Marques do Carmo, Márcio Holsbach Costa
This work presents an online approximation method for the multichannel Wiener filter (MWF) noise reduction technique with preservation of the noise interaural level difference (ILD) for binaural hearing-aids. The steepest descent method is applied to a previously proposed MWF-ILD cost function to both approximate the optimal linear estimator of the desired speech and keep the subjective perception of the original acoustic scenario. The computational cost of the resulting algorithm is estimated in terms of multiply and accumulate operations, whose number can be controlled by setting the number of iterations at each time frame...
February 22, 2018: Computers in Biology and Medicine
Josa M Frischer, Elise Gruber, Verena Schöffmann, Adolf Ertl, Romana Höftberger, Ammar Mallouhi, Stefan Wolfsberger, Christoph Arnoldner, Wilhelm Eisner, Engelbert Knosp, Klaus Kitz, Brigitte Gatterbauer
OBJECTIVE The authors present long-term follow-up data on patients treated with Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS) for acoustic neuroma. METHODS Six hundred eighteen patients were radiosurgically treated for acoustic neuroma between 1992 and 2016 at the Department of Neurosurgery, Medical University Vienna. Patients with neurofibromatosis and patients treated too recently to attain 1 year of follow-up were excluded from this retrospective study. Thus, data on 557 patients with spontaneous acoustic neuroma of any Koos grade are presented, as are long-term follow-up data on 426 patients with a minimum follow-up of 2 years...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
Limin Hou, Li Xu
Short-time processing was employed to manipulate the amplitude, bandwidth, and temporal fine structure (TFS) in sentences. Fifty-two native-English-speaking, normal-hearing listeners participated in four sentence-recognition experiments. Results showed that recovered envelope (E) played an important role in speech recognition when the bandwidth was > 1 equivalent rectangular bandwidth. Removing TFS drastically reduced sentence recognition. Preserving TFS greatly improved sentence recognition when amplitude information was available at a rate ≥ 10 Hz (i...
February 2018: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Ali Kouhi, Varasteh Vakili Zarch, Ali Pouyan
The rate of hearing preservation after vestibular schwannoma surgery is variable and is not as high as expected, possibly due to injuries to the posterior semicircular canal while exposing the tumor. The aim of this study was to estimate the risk of posterior semicircular canal injuries using temporal bone computed tomography (CT) scan findings. Temporal bone CT scans of 30 patients selected between 2013 and 2015 were studied. The median age of the patients was 40 years. Two planes were studied: (1) the axial plane that shows the common crus of the posterior semicircular canal and (2) the coronal plane that shows the two crura of the posterior semicircular canal...
January 2018: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Fu Zhao, Bo Wang, Zhijun Yang, Qiangyi Zhou, Peng Li, Xingchao Wang, Jing Zhang, Junting Zhang, Pinan Liu
Surgical treatment of vestibular schwannoma (VS) in patients with neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) along with functional preservation of cranial nerves is challenging. The aim of this study was to analyze the outcomes of hearing and facial nerve function in patients with NF2 who underwent large-size VS (> 2 cm) surgery. From 2006 to 2016, one hundred and forty NF2 patients were included with 149 large-size VS resections using retrosigmoid approach. Hearing function was classified according to the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) criteria...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
Daniele Starnoni, Roy Thomas Daniel, Constantin Tuleasca, Mercy George, Marc Levivier, Mahmoud Messerer
OBJECTIVE During the last decade, the primary objective for large vestibular schwannoma (VS) management has progressively shifted, from tumor excision to nerve preservation by using a combined microsurgical and radiosurgical approach. The aim of this study was to provide a systematic review and meta-analysis of the available literature regarding the combined strategy of subtotal resection (STR) followed by stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for large VSs. METHODS The authors performed a systematic review and meta-analysis in compliance with the PRISMA guidelines for article identification and inclusion using the PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane databases...
March 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
Adam N Master, Daniel S Roberts, Eric P Wilkinson, William H Slattery, Gregory P Lekovic
OBJECTIVE The authors describe their results using an endoscope as an adjunct to microsurgical resection of inferior vestibular schwannomas (VSs) with extension into the fundus of the internal auditory canal below the transverse crest. METHODS All patients who had undergone middle fossa craniotomy for VSs performed by the senior author between September 2014 and August 2016 were prospectively enrolled in accordance with IRB policies, and the charts of patients undergoing surgery for inferior vestibular nerve tumors, as determined either on preoperative imaging or as intraoperative findings, were retrospectively reviewed...
March 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
Pedro Helo Dos Santos Neto, Johnni Oswaldo Zamponi, Rogério Hamerschmidt, Gislaine Richter Minhoto Wiemes, Marcio S Rassi, Luis A B Borba
Hearing loss is the most common symptom of vestibular schwannomas (VSs). The management of these lesions includes observation, radiosurgery, and microsurgical resection. Hearing preservation and rehabilitation are the major challenges after the tumor treatment. A 43-year-old man with previous left-sided profound hearing loss and tinnitus presented with a 2-mm left-sided intracanalicular VS. The decision was made to perform a simultaneous cochlear implantation (CI) and microsurgical resection of the tumor. The patient did well postoperatively, with significant improvement of tinnitus, sound localization, and speech recognition in noise...
March 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
Angel Ramos-Macías, S A Borkoski-Barreiro, J C Falcón-González, A Ramos-de Miguel
As the indications for cochlear implant have expanded to include younger patients and individuals with greater degrees of residual hearing, increasing emphasis has been placed on atraumatic surgery and the preservation of the cochlear structure. Here, a descriptive prospective randomized study was performed. It was shown that residual hearing preservation is possible 12 months postoperatively with an atraumatic perimodiolar flexible electrode array CI532® (Cochlear Ltd, Sydney, Australia). Residual hearing preservation, considered as < 15 dB, was obtained in 70% of the cases...
February 27, 2018: Audiology & Neuro-otology
Arianna Di Stadio, Roberta Colangeli, Laura Dipietro, Alessandro Martini A, Daniela Parrino, Ennio Nardello, Domenico D' Avella, Elisabetta Zanoletti
BACKGROUND: The use of surgical cochlear nerve decompression is controversial. This study aimed at investigating the safety and validity of microsurgical decompression via an endoscope-assisted retrosigmoid approach to treat tinnitus in patients with neurovascular compression of the cochlear nerve. CASE DESCRIPTION: Three patients with disabling tinnitus due to a loop in the Internal Auditory Canal (IAC) were evaluated with Magnetic Resonance Images (MRI), and tests of Pure Tone Auditory (PTA), Tinnitus, and Auditory Brain Response (ABR) to identify the features of the cochlear nerve involvement...
February 24, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Luciano Mastronardi, Guglielmo Cacciotti, Raffaele Roperto
BACKGROUND: To describe the surgical management and postoperative course of two patients presenting with facial nerve (FN) paralysis as one of the presenting symptoms of small intracanalicular vestibular schwannomas (VS). METHODS: Among 153 patients operated for VS since September 2010 to August 2017, two adult female patients presented with rapidly progressive hearing decrease, vestibular symptoms, and FN paralysis (House-Brackmann grades III and IV, respectively)...
February 26, 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
Francisca Pinheiro Fontoura, Cláudia Giglio de Oliveira Gonçalves, Mariluci Hautsch Willig, Debora Lüders
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effectiveness of educational interventions on hearing health developed at a hospital laundry. METHODS: Quantitative assessment conducted at a hospital laundry. The study sample comprised 80 workers of both genders divided into two groups: Study Group (SG) and Control Group (CG). The educational interventions in hearing preservation were evaluated based on a theoretical approach using the Participatory Problem-based Methodology in five workshops...
February 19, 2018: CoDAS
Gilles Courtois, Hervé Lissek, Philippe Estoppey, Yves Oesch, Xavier Gigandet
Little is known about the perception of artificial spatial hearing by hearing-impaired subjects. The purpose of this study was to investigate how listeners with hearing disorders perceived the effect of a spatialization feature designed for wireless microphone systems. Forty listeners took part in the experiments. They were arranged in four groups: normal-hearing, moderate, severe, and profound hearing loss. Their performance in terms of speech understanding and speaker localization was assessed with diotic and binaural stimuli...
January 2018: Trends in Hearing
C B Nandyal, Mithun Sutrave, Vinayak Kurle, Pallavi A Harsoor
To study functional outcome of the endoscopic management of limited attico-antral cholesteatoma in terms of visualization of sac, cholesteatoma disease clearance, ABG closure improvement, preservation of residual anatomy and recurrence of disease. It is a prospective study done during Feb 2016 to March 2017 done on 20 pts with limited attico-antral cholesteatoma with CT confirmation. Endoscopic management of limited attico-antral cholesteatoma with complete removal of sac, infected discharge and granulations along with creation of MRMC Neo surgical ventilating port (joining Anterior & posterior isthmuses) done in cases where residual attic anatomy was present to establish physiological attic ventilation and drainage...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Yingchao Zhao, Pinan Liu, Na Zhang, Jie Chen, Lukas D Landegger, Limeng Wu, Fu Zhao, Yanxia Zhao, Yanling Zhang, Jing Zhang, Takeshi Fujita, Anat Stemmer-Rachamimov, Gino B Ferraro, Hao Liu, Alona Muzikansky, Scott R Plotkin, Konstantina M Stankovic, Rakesh K Jain, Lei Xu
Neurofibromatosis type II (NF2) is a disease that needs new solutions. Vestibular schwannoma (VS) growth causes progressive hearing loss, and the standard treatment, including surgery and radiotherapy, can further damage the nerve. There is an urgent need to identify an adjunct therapy that, by enhancing the efficacy of radiation, can help lower the radiation dose and preserve hearing. The mechanisms underlying deafness in NF2 are still unclear. One of the major limitations in studying tumor-induced hearing loss is the lack of mouse models that allow hearing testing...
February 9, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Jie Zhang, Zhongbin Zhang, Yao Zhang, Ye Wu
Pontocerebellar hypoplasia type 6 (PCH6) is a rare autosomal recessive disease that occurs due to mutations in the mitochondrial arginyl-tRNA synthetase 2 (RARS2) gene. To the best of our knowledge, 23 cases with relatively complete clinical data have been reported thus far. In the present study, a case with PCH6 caused by novel RARS2 mutations is described, in which distinct magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features were identified. In addition, 23 PCH6 cases found in the literature were reviewed. Early onset hypotonia (43...
January 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Konrad Johannes Stuermer, David Schwarz, Andreas Anagiotos, Ruth Lang-Roth, Karl-Bernd Hüttenbrink, Jan Christoffer Luers
INTRODUCTION: The opening of the round window and the insertion of the electrode array into the scala tympani during cochlear implant surgery can lead to a pressure shock of the delicate inner ear structures. By filling the tympanic cavity with Ringer Solution during these surgical steps (underwater technique), the hydrostatic pressure of the fluid acts as a smooth pressure stabilizer, avoiding a pressure shock of the inner ear structures. The aim of this retrospective study was to present long-term results of this new method of cochlear implantation in underwater technique...
February 7, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
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