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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315818/sclerosing-encapsulated-peritonitis-a-devastating-and-infrequent-disease-complicating-kidney-transplantation-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Liliana Caicedo, Alejandro Delgado, Luis A Caicedo, Juan Carlos Bravo, Laura S Thomas, Martin Rengifo, Jorge I Villegas, Oscar Serrano, Gabriel J Echeverri
INTRODUCTION: Sclerosing Encapsulating Peritonitis (SEP) is a rare condition with an incidence of up to 3% and a mortality of up to 51% among peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients (Brown et al., Korte et al. and Kawanishi et al.). In the last ten years, the incidence of SEP in kidney transplant recipients has increased (Nakamoto, de Sousa et al. and Korte et al.). PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 31-year old male with a 15 years history of PD and later kidney retransplantation was admitted to the emergency service after experiencing several weeks of diffuse abdominal pain which had escalated to include vomiting and diarrhea during the 24h previous to admission...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304249/diagnosis-and-management-of-polycythemia-vera-in-a-ferret-mustela-putorius-furo
#2
Kim Le, Hugues Beaufrère, Laura L Bassel, Sarah Wills, Delphine Laniesse, Shauna L Blois, Dale A Smith
A 5-y-old female ferret (Mustela putorius furo) was evaluated for diarrhea, anorexia, and lethargy for 1 wk. Only mild dehydration was detected on physical examination. CBC analysis revealed marked erythrocytosis with an unremarkable plasma biochemistry panel; follow-up CBC analyses revealed a consistent primary erythrocytosis. Whole-body radiographs and abdominal ultrasonography were unremarkable except for a small nephrolith in the right kidney and a small cyst in the left kidney. The plasma erythropoietin level was 17...
December 1, 2016: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301551/development-of-the-full-length-cdna-clones-of-two-porcine-epidemic-diarrhea-disease-virus-isolates-with-different-virulence
#3
Jie Li, Zhonghui Jin, Yueyi Gao, Lei Zhou, Xinna Ge, Xin Guo, Jun Han, Hanchun Yang
The recently emerged highly virulent variants of porcine epidemic and diarrhea virus (PEDV) remain a huge threat to the worldwide swine industry. Here, we describe the development of a bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) reverse genetics system for PEDV based on two recent Chinese field isolates, namely CHM2013 and BJ2011C. Phylogenetically, CHM2013 is closely related to the vaccine strain SM98 whereas the isolate BJ2011C belongs to the GIIb group, a cluster that contains many recent pandemic strains. The full-length cDNA clones of the two isolates were constructed into BAC under the control of CMV promoter...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301350/a-phase-ii-study-of-ganetespib-as-second-line-or-third-line-therapy-for-metastatic-pancreatic-cancer
#4
Dana B Cardin, Ramya Thota, Laura W Goff, Jordan D Berlin, Clyde M Jones, Gregory D Ayers, Jennifer G Whisenant, Emily Chan
OBJECTIVES: Heat shock protein 90 regulates multiple signaling proteins involved in key pathways of pancreatic cancer pathogenesis. Ganetespib binds to heat shock protein 90 and interferes with its binding to client proteins thus leading to inactivation and degradation of the signaling proteins that promote cancer progression. This phase II study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of ganetespib in patients with refractory metastatic pancreatic cancer (rMPC). METHODS: Patients with rMPC received 175 mg/m ganetespib intravenously once weekly for 3 weeks in 4-week cycles...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293151/conventional-and-alternative-treatment-approaches-for-clostridium-difficile-infection
#5
REVIEW
Khalid M Aljarallah
Clostridium difficile-associated disease continues to be one of the leading health concerns worldwide. C. difficile is considered as a causative agent of nosocomial diarrhea that causes serious infection, which may result in death. The incidences of C. difficile infection (CDI) in developed countries have become increasingly high which may be attributed to the emergence of newer epidemic strains, extensive use of antibiotics, and limited alternative therapies. The available treatment options against CDI are expensive and promote resistance...
January 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291561/olmesartan-associated-sprue-like-enteropathy-an-emerging-cause-of-drug-induced-chronic-diarrhea
#6
G Solano-Iturri, N García-Jiménez, J D Solano-Iturri, S Blanco-Sampascual
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 10, 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286921/treatment-strategies-for-metastatic-neuroendocrine-tumors-of-the-gastrointestinal-tract
#7
REVIEW
Mauro Cives, Jonathan Strosberg
The therapeutic landscape of gastroenteropancreatic-neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs) has evolved significantly in recent years. Current and emerging treatment options include somatostatin analogs, radiolabeled somatostatin analogs, the mTOR inhibitor everolimus, and the tyrosine kinase inhibitor sunitinib. Although high-quality data from phase III trials are lacking, cytotoxic agents are commonly used for the treatment of poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas and well-differentiated NETs originating in the pancreas...
March 2017: Current Treatment Options in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285698/impact-of-a-planned-dose-interruption-of-dacomitinib-in-the-treatment-of-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-archer-1042
#8
Dong-Wan Kim, Edward B Garon, Aminah Jatoi, Dorothy M Keefe, Mario E Lacouture, Stephen Sonis, Diana Gernhardt, Tao Wang, Nagdeep Giri, Jim P Doherty, Sashi Nadanaciva, Joseph O'Connell, Eric Sbar, Byoung Chul Cho
OBJECTIVES: Dacomitinib is a pan-HER inhibitor for advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We explored the impact of a planned 4-day dacomitinib dose interruption on plasma exposure of dacomitinib and adverse events (AEs) of interest in Cohort III of the ARCHER 1042 study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients, treatment-naïve for advanced NSCLC with EGFR activating mutations, received oral dacomitinib 45mg QD (once daily). A planned dose interruption occurred in Cycle 1 from Days 11 through 14...
April 2017: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284623/prevalence-and-molecular-epidemiology-of-canine-parvovirus-2-in-diarrheic-dogs-in-colombia-south-america-a-possible-new-cpv-2a-is-emerging
#9
Yeison Duque-García, Manuela Echeverri-Zuluaga, Juanita Trejos-Suarez, Julian Ruiz-Saenz
Since its identification in 1978, Canine parvovirus type 2 (CPV-2) has been considered a pathogen of great importance in the canine population because it causes severe enteritis with high mortality rates in pups. CPV-2 is a virus belonging to the family Parvoviridae. Currently, there are three described antigenic variants (CPV-2a, CPV-2b, and CPV-2c). CPV-2c is an emerging virus that is seen as a global health hazard. The objective of this work was to confirm the presence of CPV-2 in dogs with acute gastroenteritis compatible with parvovirus and to molecularly characterize the antigenic variants circulating in two regions of Colombia...
March 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283137/molecular-evaluation-of-high-fluoroquinolone-resistant-genes-in-endemic-cases-of-shigellosis-northeast-part-of-karnataka-india
#10
Prabhurajeshwar C, Pramod Desai, Kelmani Chandrakanth R
OBJECTIVES: Shigellosis is an acute infection of the intestine caused by bacteria in the genus Shigella and also an important cause of diarrhea in developing countries. This study was carried out to find the extent and nature of the emerging resistance in north part of Karnataka, India, and surrounding region with huge population, and also focused on the molecular mechanism of development of resistance against different generations of fluoroquinolones and explored the diversity of restriction endonucleases; we also tried to establish the significance of reduced minimal inhibitory concentrations (MIC) values...
September 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277856/electrical-therapies-for-gastrointestinal-motility-disorders
#11
Jiande D Z Chen, Jieyun Yin, Wei Wei
Gastrointestinal (GI) motility disorders are common in clinical settings, including esophageal motility disorders, gastroesophageal reflux disease, functional dyspepsia, gastroparesis, chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction, post-operative ileus, irritable bowel syndrome, diarrhea and constipation. While a number of drugs have been developed for treating GI motility disorders, few are currently available. Emerging electrical stimulation methods may provide new treatment options for these GI motility disorders...
March 6, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275306/predictors-of-poor-outcomes-in-patients-with-wild-mushroom-induced-acute-liver-injury
#12
Taerim Kim, Danbi Lee, Jae Ho Lee, Yoon-Seon Lee, Bum Jin Oh, Kyoung Soo Lim, Won Young Kim
AIM: To identify early predictive markers of poor outcomes in patients with acute liver injury from wild mushroom intoxication. METHODS: This observational, retrospective record review involved adults aged ≥ 18 years admitted to emergency department with mushroom intoxication from January 2005 to December 2015. The diagnosis of mushroom intoxication was based on the following: (1) a positive history of recent wild mushroom intake (either raw or cooked); (2) the onset of gastrointestinal symptoms, such as watery diarrhea, vomiting, and/or abdominal pain, after ingestion; and (3) the exclusion of other possible causes of acute liver injury...
February 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274109/what-is-new-in-rome-iv
#13
REVIEW
Max J Schmulson, Douglas Arnold Drossman
Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) are diagnosed and classified using the Rome criteria; the criteria may change over time as new scientific data emerge. The Rome IV was released in May 2016. The aim is to review the main changes in Rome IV. FGIDs are now called disorders of gut-brain interaction (DGBI). Rome IV has a multicultural rather than a Western-culture focus. There are new chapters including multicultural, age-gender-women's health, intestinal microenvironment, biopsychosocial, and centrally mediated disorders...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272692/gelatin-tannate-and-tyndallized-probiotics-a-novel-approach-for-treatment-of-diarrhea
#14
L Lopetuso, C Graziani, A Guarino, A Lamborghini, S Masi, V Stanghellini
OBJECTIVE: Intestinal permeability impairment is implicated in many gastrointestinal (GI) diseases. Chronic diarrhea, defined as the presence of diarrhea for more than 3 weeks in adults and 2 weeks in children, requires a different diagnostic and therapeutic work-up than acute diarrhea. Gelatin tannate, by reducing the clinical activity of acute colitis and the proinflammatory effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), is emerging as a mucosal barrier protector. MATERIALS AND METHODS: New therapeutic strategies focusing on the physiological function of the intestinal barrier, may offer an innovative approach for the clinical improvement of highly debilitating chronic GI diseases...
February 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271646/two-treatment-cases-of-severe-fever-and-thrombocytopenia-syndrome-with-oral-ribavirin-and-plasma-exchange
#15
In Park, Hye In Kim, Ki Tae Kwon
Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging tick-borne disease. The primary symptoms associated with SFTS are fever, thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, nausea, and vomiting. Disease progression shows high mortality rate accompanied with multiple organ failure, bleeding tendency, and altered mentality. However, only supportive care has been the basis for the treatment of SFTS. We are reporting two patients who showed central nervous system manifestation, but cured them with ribavirin together with plasma exchange in an early state...
January 19, 2017: Infection & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267992/clostridium-difficile-disease-diagnosis-pathogenesis-and-treatment-update
#16
REVIEW
Lena M Napolitano, Charles E Edmiston
Clostridium difficile infections are the leading cause of health care-associated infectious diarrhea, posing a significant risk for both medical and surgical patients. Because of the significant morbidity and mortality associated with C difficile infections, knowledge of the epidemiology of C difficile in combination with a high index of suspicion and susceptible patient populations (including surgical, postcolectomy, and inflammatory bowel disease patients) is warranted. C difficile infections present with a wide spectrum of disease, ranging from mild diarrhea to fulminant colitis or small bowel enteritis and recurrent C difficile infections...
March 3, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267211/retrospective-review-of-serotonergic-medication-tolerability-in-patients-with-neuroendocrine-tumors-with-biochemically-proven-carcinoid-syndrome
#17
Diana D Shi, David P Yuppa, Trevor Dutton, Lauren K Brais, Sarah L Minden, Ilana M Braun, Matthew H Kulke, Jennifer A Chan, Fremonta L Meyer
BACKGROUND: Patients with carcinoid tumors frequently could benefit from the pharmacologic treatment of depression and anxiety. However, many prescribers avoid serotonergic medications due to the theoretical risk of exacerbating carcinoid syndrome. METHODS: The authors conducted a retrospective chart review of patients with carcinoid tumors and elevated serotonin levels (as measured by 24-hour urine 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid [5-HIAA]) at Dana-Farber/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center who initiated treatment with serotonergic antidepressants after a carcinoid diagnosis from 2003 to 2016...
March 7, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266921/clinical-laboratory-and-molecular-findings-of-63-patients-with-severe-combined-immunodeficiency-a-decade%C3%A2-s-experience
#18
M R Fazlollahi, Z Pourpak, A A Hamidieh, M Movahedi, M Houshmand, M Badalzadeh, M Nourizadeh, M Mahloujirad, S Arshi, A M Nabavi, M Gharagozlou, A Khayatzadeh, A Dabbaghzade, L Atarod, F Zandieh, M Sadeghi Shabestary, M Mesdaghi, I Mohammadzadeh, S A Mahdaviani, M H Eslamian, F Pesaran, E Bahraminia, F Abolnezhadian, Z Arij, M Moin
BACKGROUND: Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) is known as a pediatric emergency disease with life threatening conditions. This is an exclusive report of clinical evaluation, immunological assessment, molecular analysis and outcomes of SCID patients in a tertiary referral center in Iran. METHODS: During January 2006 and December 2015, in a prospective cohort study, initial screening and advanced immunological tests were carried out on patients suspected of having SCID...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250121/porcine-deltacoronavirus-nsp5-antagonizes-type-i-interferon-signaling-by-cleaving-stat2
#19
Xinyu Zhu, Dang Wang, Junwei Zhou, Ting Pan, Jiyao Chen, Yuting Yang, Mengting Lv, Xu Ye, Guiqing Peng, Liurong Fang, Shaobo Xiao
Porcine deltacoronavirus (PDCoV) is an emerging swine enteropathogenic coronavirus. The first outbreak of PDCoV was announced from the United States in 2014, followed by reports in Asia. The nonstructural protein nsp5 is a 3C-like protease of coronavirus and our previous study showed that PDCoV nsp5 inhibits type I interferon (IFN) production. In this study, we found that PDCoV nsp5 significantly inhibited IFN-stimulated response element (ISRE) promoter activity and transcription of IFN-stimulated genes (ISGs), suggesting that PDCoV nsp5 also suppresses IFN signaling...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249582/characteristics-of-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-fecal-samples-of-piglets-with-diarrhea-in-central-and-southern-taiwan-in-2015
#20
Wan-Chen Lee, Kuang-Sheng Yeh
BACKGROUND: The production of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) confer resistance to the commonly used beta-lactam antimicrobials and ESBL-producing bacteria render treatment difficulty in human and veterinary medicine. ESBL-producing bacteria have emerged in livestock in recent years, which may raise concerns regarding possible transfer of such bacteria through the food chain. The swine industry is important in Taiwan, but investigations regarding the status of ESBL in swine are limited...
March 1, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
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