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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052745/role-of-fat-and-bone-biomarkers-in-the-relationship-between-ethnicity-and-bone-mineral-density-in-older-men
#1
Grace M F Chan, Tessa Riandini, Sheryl Hui Xian Ng, Su Yen Goh, Chuen Seng Tan, E Shyong Tai, Gustavo Duque, Alvin Choon-Meng Ng, Kavita Venkataraman
Osteoporosis is an important health issue for older adults, and has been relatively understudied in older men. This study aimed to examine ethnic differences in bone mineral density (BMD), and elucidate the role of bone turnover markers (BTMs), fat and fat biomarkers on these ethnic differences. BMD at the lumbar spine and femoral neck, marrow fat at femoral neck, visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue, bone and fat biomarkers were evaluated in 120 healthy men aged ≥ 60 years. Indians had higher BMD values compared to Chinese at the lumbar spine (β = 20...
October 20, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052563/predictive-score-model-for-delayed-graft-function-based-on-easily-available-variables-before-kidney-donation-after-cardiac-death
#2
Chen-Guang Ding, Qian-Hui Tai, Feng Han, Yang Li, Xiao-Hui Tian, Pu-Xun Tian, Xiao-Ming Ding, Xiao-Ming Pan, Jin Zheng, He-Li Xiang, Wu-Jun Xue
BACKGROUND: How to evaluate the quality of donation after cardiac death (DCD) kidneys has become a critical problem in kidney transplantation in China. Hence, the aim of this study was to develop a simple donor risk score model to evaluate the quality of DCD kidneys before DCD. METHODS: A total of 543 qualified kidneys were randomized in a 2:1 manner to create the development and validation cohorts. The donor variables in the development cohort were considered as candidate univariate predictors of delayed graft function (DGF)...
October 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052123/successful-chemotherapy-with-modified-folfirinox-for-pancreatic-acinar-cell-carcinoma
#3
Minami Hashimoto, Takuto Hikichi, Tomohiro Suzuki, Mayumi Tai, Osamu Ichii, Nobuo Matsuhashi, Eisaku Kita, Shintaro Takahashi, Yoshinori Okubo, Hando Hakozaki, Yutaka Ejiri, Hiromasa Ohira
Abdominal ultrasonography revealed a pancreatic mass in a 67-year-old man with diabetes mellitus. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration led to the histological diagnosis of acinar cell carcinoma. The clinical stage was determined to be IVb based on findings of multiple metastatic lesions in the liver and lymph nodes, as well as splenic vein infiltration. Because the patient was not a surgical candidate, he underwent chemotherapy with modified FOLFIRINOX. In the absence of any severe adverse events, 12 courses of chemotherapy were delivered, resulting in marked shrinkage of both the primary and metastatic lesions...
October 19, 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050859/neuroprotective-effects-of-a-triple-glp-1-gip-glucagon-receptor-agonist-in-the-app-ps1-transgenic-mouse-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#4
Jingjing Tai, Weizhen Liu, Yanwei Li, Lin Li, Christian Hölscher
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a risk factor for Alzheimer disease (AD). Previous studies have shown that the incretin hormones glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) that have anti-diabetic properties show very promising effects in animal models of AD. Glucagon (Gcg) is a hormone and growth-factor, and the Gcg receptor is expressed in the brain. Here we test the effects of a triple receptor agonist (TA), which activates GIP-1, GIP and glucagon receptors at the same time...
October 16, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049988/magnolia-officinalis-bark-extract-induces-depolarization-of-pacemaker-potentials-through-m2-and-m3-muscarinic-receptors-in-cultured-murine-small-intestine-interstitial-cells-of-cajal
#5
Hyun Jung Kim, Taewon Han, Yun Tai Kim, Insuk So, Byung Joo Kim
BACKGROUND: Magnolia officinalis Rehder and EH Wilson (M. officinalis) are traditional Chinese medicines widely used for gastrointestinal (GI) tract motility disorder in Asian countries. We investigated the effects of an ethanol extract of M. officinalis (MOE) on the pacemaker potentials of cultured interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs) in vitro and its effects on GI motor functions in vivo. METHODS: We isolated ICCs from small intestines, and the whole-cell patch-clamp configuration was used to record the pacemaker potentials in cultured ICCs in vitro...
October 19, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049192/effect-of-alcohol-intoxication-on-the-risk-of-venous-thromboembolism-a-nationwide-retrospective-cohort-study
#6
Chih-Jung Shen, Chia-Hung Kao, Tai-Yi Hsu, Chih-Yu Chen, Cheng-Li Lin, Hong-Mo Shih
This study investigated whether alcohol intoxication (AI) increases the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) by using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD).Using data from the NHIRD, we assembled 61,229 patients with acute AI and randomly selected 244,916 controls. Each patient was monitored from 2000 to 2011 to identify those who were subsequently diagnosed with deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). Cox proportional hazard regression analysis was conducted to determine the risk of VTE in the patients with AI compared with the controls...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047783/development-and-accuracy-of-a-multipoint-method-for-measuring-visibility
#7
Hongda Tai, Zibo Zhuang, Dongsong Sun
Accurate measurements of visibility are of great importance in many fields. This paper reports a multipoint visibility measurement (MVM) method to measure and calculate the atmospheric transmittance, extinction coefficient, and meteorological optical range (MOR). The relative errors of atmospheric transmittance and MOR measured by the MVM method and traditional transmissometer method are analyzed and compared. Experiments were conducted indoors, and the data were simultaneously processed. The results revealed that the MVM can effectively improve the accuracy under different visibility conditions...
October 1, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047559/full-color-reflector-using-vertically-stacked-liquid-crystal-guided-mode-resonators
#8
Chun-Ta Wang, Ping-Chien Chang, Jia Jin Lin, Mao Chou Tai, Yung-Jr Hung, Tsung-Hsien Lin
In this work, we proposed a full-color reflector using three stacked red (R), green (G), and blue (B) reflection gratings which are combined with the tunable 90° twisted nematic liquid crystals (TNLCs). The color reflector based on guided-mode resonance (GMR) gratings reflects strongly at the resonance wavelength. The optical reflectivity of GMR gratings can then be controlled by using 90° TNLCs to change the polarization of incident light. The optical characteristics and the chromaticity of the designed reflectors were evaluated by simulation...
May 10, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046815/non-adherence-to-inhalational-medications-and-associated-factors-among-patients-with-asthma-in-a-referral-hospital-in-ethiopia-using-validated-tool-tai
#9
Asnakew Achaw Ayele, Henok Getachew Tegegn
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory condition of the airways that affects roughly 358 million people globally. It is a serious global health problem with an increasing prevalence worldwide. Most people affected are in low- and middle-income countries including Ethiopia. The association between non -adherence and poor disease control is clearly stated in different literatures. The main objective of the present study was to assess self-reported non- adherence level and to identify the potential factors associated with non-adherence...
2017: Asthma research and practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046777/effect-of-palmitoylethanolamide-on-inflammatory-and-neuropathic-pain-in-rats
#10
Tai-Kyung Seol, Wonho Lee, Sunah Park, Kyu Nam Kim, Tae Yeon Kim, You Na Oh, Jong Hun Jun
BACKGROUND: A growing body of evidence suggests that neuroinflammation, which is characterized by infiltration of immune cells, activation of mast cells and glial cells, and production of inflammatory mediators in the peripheral and central nervous systems, plays an important role in the induction and maintenance of chronic pain. Palmitoylethanolamide (PEA), which is a type of N-acylethanolamide and a lipid, has an anti-inflammatory effect. Relative to the anti-inflammatory effect, little is known about its analgesic effect in chronic pain...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046703/dose-dependent-effects-of-busulfan-on-dog-testes-in-preparation-for-spermatogonial-stem-cell-transplantation
#11
Tai-Young Hur, Seung-Hoon Lee, Sun-A Ock, Hyuk Song, Hyun-Jung Park, Ran Lee, Si-Heung Sung, Hyunjhung Jhun, Won-Young Lee
Successful male germ cell transplantation requires depletion of the host germ cells to allow efficient colonization of the donor spermatogonial stem cells. Although a sterilizing drug, busulfan, is commonly used for the preparation of recipient models before transplantation, the optimal dose of this drug has not yet been defined in dogs. In this study, 1-year-old mongrel dogs were intravenously injected with three different concentrations of busulfan (10, 15, or 17.5 mg/kg). Four weeks after busulfan treatment, no fully matured spermatozoa were detected in any of the busulfan-treated groups...
September 2017: Laboratory Animal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046248/clinical-characteristics-and-treatment-outcomes-of-vancomycin-resistant-enterococcus-faecium-bacteremia
#12
Jung-Jr Ye, Shian-Sen Shie, Chun-Wen Cheng, Jeng-How Yang, Po-Yen Huang, Ting-Shu Wu, Ming-Hsun Lee, Ching-Tai Huang
BACKGROUND: Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VRE-fm) bacteremia causes significant mortality in hospitalized patients. We sought to investigate clinical characteristics, treatment outcomes, and microbiological eradication associated with VRE-fm bacteremia. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted and included 210 adult patients admitted between January 1, 2011 and December 31, 2015. RESULTS: The mean Pitt bacteremia score was 4...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046247/optimal-usage-of-radium-223-in-metastatic-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer
#13
REVIEW
Tai-Lung Cha, Tony Tong-Lin Wu, Nicholas John Vogelzang, Chao-Yuan Huang, Shu-Pin Huang, Chia-Chi Lin, Yen-Chuan Ou, See-Tong Pang, Daniel Heung-Yuan Shen, Wen-Jeng Wu, Wayne Yen-Hwa Chang
Radium-223 is a first-in-class α-emitting radiopharmaceutical that targets bone metastases associated with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). In the pivotal phase III trial ALSYMPCA, radium-223 significantly increased overall survival (OS), compared with placebo (median 14.9 vs 11.3 months; hazard ratio 0.70; 95% CI 0.58-0.83; p < 0.001), in patients with mCRPC and symptomatic bone metastases-with a comparable safety profile. To optimize treatment outcomes, selection of appropriate patients is important...
October 15, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044343/case-report-is-low-%C3%AE-gal-enzyme-activity-sufficient-to-establish-the-diagnosis-of-fabry-disease
#14
Gilson Biagini, Ana Clara Simões Flórido Almeida, Tammy Vernalha Rocha Almeida, Cassiano Augusto Braga Silva, Bruna Fernanda de Castro, Tais Cristina Reche, Ana Cláudia Dabinski, Fellype Carvalho Barreto
Fabry disease is an X-linked lysosomal storage disease due to alpha-galactosidase A (α-Gal A) deficient activity which leads to the accumulation of glucoesphingolipids, such as globotriaosilceramide. There are over 700 known mutations of the enzyme gene, and most of them cause Fabry Disease. This case report describes a hemodialysis patient with a rare and controversial GLA gene mutation, the D313Y. The medecial investigation confirmed that D313Y is an alpha-galactosidase A sequence variant that causes pseudo deficient enzyme activity in plasma but not Fabry disease...
July 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044100/experimental-realization-of-two-dimensional-dirac-nodal-line-fermions-in-monolayer-cu2si
#15
Baojie Feng, Botao Fu, Shusuke Kasamatsu, Suguru Ito, Peng Cheng, Cheng-Cheng Liu, Ya Feng, Shilong Wu, Sanjoy K Mahatha, Polina Sheverdyaeva, Paolo Moras, Masashi Arita, Osamu Sugino, Tai-Chang Chiang, Kenya Shimada, Koji Miyamoto, Taichi Okuda, Kehui Wu, Lan Chen, Yugui Yao, Iwao Matsuda
Topological nodal line semimetals, a novel quantum state of materials, possess topologically nontrivial valence and conduction bands that touch at a line near the Fermi level. The exotic band structure can lead to various novel properties, such as long-range Coulomb interaction and flat Landau levels. Recently, topological nodal lines have been observed in several bulk materials, such as PtSn4, ZrSiS, TlTaSe2 and PbTaSe2. However, in two-dimensional materials, experimental research on nodal line fermions is still lacking...
October 18, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043757/there-is-no-association-between-the-presence-of-anti-thyroid-antibodies-and-increased-reproductive-loss-in-pregnant-women-after-art-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Paz Leiva, Juan Enrique Schwarze, Pamela Vasquez, Carolina Ortega, Sonia Villa, Javier Crosby, José Balmaceda, Ricardo Pommer
Women submitted to ART treatments represent a select subgroup of individuals. Several studies have described the relationship between TAI and pregnancy outcomes as a result of ART, with contradictory results. The purpose of this systematic review was to determine the association between TAI and the risk of miscarriage in pregnancies resulting from ART. MEDLINE via PubMed, LILACS and Embase were searched for studies published in peer-reviewed journals from 1999 to 2017. The studies were summarized using the fixed effects model and the Peto's method to calculate RR in order to flesh out the association between TAI and spontaneous abortion...
October 18, 2017: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036598/global-dna-methylation-analysis-reveals-mir-214-3p-contributes-to-cisplatin-resistance-in-pediatric-intracranial-nongerminomatous-malignant-germ-cell-tumors
#17
Tsung-Han Hsieh, Yun-Ru Liu, Ting-Yu Chang, Muh-Lii Liang, Hsin-Hung Chen, Hsei-Wei Wang, Yun Yen, Tai-Tong Wong
Background: Pediatric central nervous system germ cell tumors (CNSGCTs) are rare and heterogeneous neoplasms, and they can be divided into germinomas and nongerminomatous GCTs (NGGCTs). NGGCTs are further subdivided into mature teratomas and nongerminomatous malignant GCTs (NGMGCTs). Clinical outcomes suggest that NGMGCTs have poor prognosis and survival, and that they require more extensive radiotherapy and adjuvant chemotherapy. However, the mechanisms underlying this difference are still unclear...
October 3, 2017: Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035836/effect-of-initial-gnrh-and-time-of-insemination-on-reproductive-performance-in-cyclic-and-acyclic-beef-heifers-subjected-to-a-5-d-co-synch-plus-progesterone-protocol
#18
I López Helguera, P Whittaker, A Behrouzi, R J Mapletoft, M G Colazo
This study evaluated the effect of initial GnRH and timing of AI in a 5-d Co-synch plus CIDR (device containing 1.38 g of progesterone) protocol on pregnancy per AI (P/AI) and pregnancy loss in beef heifers. A secondary objective was to determine if the effect of initial GnRH on reproductive performance was influenced by cyclicity. Crossbred beef heifers (n = 1068; 301-514 kg of body weight, and 13-15 mo of age) at three locations were assigned to either a 5-d Co-synch plus CIDR protocol with (CIDR5G) or without (CIDR5NG) an initial injection of 100 μg of GnRH at CIDR insertion (Day 0)...
October 7, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033889/a-retrospective-study-of-the-characteristics-and-clinical-significance-of-a-waves-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#19
Jia Fang, Liying Cui, Mingsheng Liu, Yuzhou Guan, Qingyun Ding, Dongchao Shen, Dawei Li, Hongfei Tai
A-wave was observed in patients with motor neuron disease (1). However, data on the characteristics and clinical significance of A-waves in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) have been scarce. The F-wave studies of 83 patients with ALS and 63 normal participants which were conducted previously at the Department of Neurology in Peking Union Medical College Hospital were retrospectively reviewed to determine the occurrence of A-waves in ALS. A-waves occurred more frequently in ALS patients than in normal controls...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033318/an-alkynyl-fucose-halts-hepatoma-cell-migration-and-invasion-by-inhibiting-gdp-fucose-synthesizing-enzyme-fx-tsta3
#20
Yasuhiko Kizuka, Miyako Nakano, Yoshiki Yamaguchi, Kazuki Nakajima, Ritsuko Oka, Keiko Sato, Chien-Tai Ren, Tsui-Ling Hsu, Chi-Huey Wong, Naoyuki Taniguchi
Fucosylation is a glycan modification critically involved in cancer and inflammation. Although potent fucosylation inhibitors are useful for basic and clinical research, only a few inhibitors have been developed. Here, we focus on a fucose analog with an alkyne group, 6-alkynyl-fucose (6-Alk-Fuc), which is used widely as a detection probe for fucosylated glycans, but is also suggested for use as a fucosylation inhibitor. Our glycan analysis using lectin and mass spectrometry demonstrated that 6-Alk-Fuc is a potent and general inhibitor of cellular fucosylation, with much higher potency than the existing inhibitor, 2-fluoro-fucose (2-F-Fuc)...
September 19, 2017: Cell Chemical Biology
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