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Ulcerative gynaecological diseases

Nayi Zongo, Nina Korsaga-Somé, Amandine Banata Gang-Ny, Edgar Ouangré, Maurice Zida, Aimé Sosthène Ouédraogo, Aboubacar Hirrhum Bambara, Augustin Tozoula Bambara, Si Simon Traore, Pascal Niamba, Adama Traoré, Ahmadou Dem
BACKGROUND: Vulvar cancer is a rare gynaecological cancer. In Burkina Faso, the diagnosis of vulvar cancers is delayed and the prognosis is poor. However, no specific study on vulvar cancers has been conducted at the moment. This work aimed to study the characteristics of these cancers. METHODS: This is a prospective study on histologically confirmed primary cancers of the vulva diagnosed between 1st January 2013 and 30th June 2015. The demographic and clinical aspects were studied at the Yalgado Ouedraogo University Hospital of Ouagadougou (CHU-YO)...
2016: Infectious Agents and Cancer
V Mravčík, Z Florián, V Nečas, J Štolfa
BACKGROUND: Problem drug use is associated with excess risk of infectious and other somatic diseases resulting mainly from injecting drug use. MATERIAL AND METHODS: At the end of 2013, a complete medical history and physical examination was done in 40 problem drug users (30 males and 10 females), mean age 35.5 years (37.0 and 30.9, respectively), recruited in 4 low-threshold facilities in Prague. Of them, 37 were ex- or active injecting drug users, predominantly of methamphetamine (pervitin) and less often of buprenorphine...
2016: Epidemiologie, Mikrobiologie, Imunologie
F Terracciano, G Scalisi, V Attino, G Biscaglia
INTRODUCTION: Endometriosis is a common chronic gynaecological disease affecting 10 % of women of reproductive age. Of these 5-12 % may present bowel endometriosis that may be asymptomatic or associated with aspecific symptoms even bowel obstruction. CASE PRESENTATION: The case of a 41-year-old woman with history of ulcerative colitis, previous diagnosis of ovarian endometriosis, recurrent abdominal pain not related to the menstrual cycle, with abdominal pain and obstinate constipation for 2 weeks was referred...
December 2015: Journal of Ultrasound
Modupeola Omotara Samaila, Adebiyi Gbadebo Adesiyun, Garba Dahiru Waziri, Korede Afolabi Koledade, Abimbola Omolara Kolawole
Gynaecological malignancies frequently metastasize to contiguous structures, internal organs and bones. Cutaneous metastasis as a primary or recurrent presentation of these malignancies is rare and only a few cases have been reported in the literature. A twenty year (1991-2010) retrospective search for umbilical metastasis from gynaecological malignancies in our departmental case records showed only four cases. Four post-menopausal females presented with painful cutaneous umbilical (Sister Joseph's) nodules...
2012: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
S Chhabra, M Bhavani, A Deshpande
Vulvar cancer is an uncommon malignancy of the female genital tract in developing countries, accounting for 3% of gynaecological cancers. Here, cervical cancer is an everyday problem; ovarian cancer is the second commonest gynaecological cancer; endometrial is less common and vulvar cancer is rare. It is advanced at admission, though is a visible cancer. Records of women who had histopathologically proven vulvar cancer over 24 years were analysed for epidemiological status and preventive possibilities. During the analysis period, 9,419 total cancer cases were diagnosed; 4,726 (50...
February 2014: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Priyanga Ranasinghe, Shehani Pigera, G A Sirimal Premakumara, Priyadarshani Galappaththy, Godwin R Constantine, Prasad Katulanda
BACKGROUND: In traditional medicine Cinnamon is considered a remedy for respiratory, digestive and gynaecological ailments. In-vitro and in-vivo studies from different parts of the world have demonstrated numerous beneficial medicinal effects of Cinnamomum zeylanicum (CZ). This paper aims to systematically review the scientific literature and provide a comprehensive summary on the potential medicinal benefits of CZ. METHODS: A comprehensive systematic review was conducted in the following databases; PubMed, Web of Science, SciVerse Scopus for studies published before 31st December 2012...
October 22, 2013: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
M T Bernstein, L A Graff, L E Targownik, K Downing, L A Shafer, P Rawsthorne, C N Bernstein, L Avery
BACKGROUND: It is believed that women with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have heightened symptoms around their menses. However, there is little information regarding normative changes and which symptoms emerge in relation to menses. AIM: To determine the relationship between gastrointestinal and other symptoms and menses in a population-based cohort of women with IBD vs. healthy women. METHODS: Women enrolled in the University of Manitoba IBD Research Registry who were between 18 and 65 years were mailed a survey...
July 2012: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Antonio Canero, Domenico Parmeggiani, Nicola Avenia, Pietro Francesco Atelli, Luigi Goffredi, Luigi Goffredi, Roberto Peltrini, Imma Madonna, Pasquale Ambrosino, Sarah Apperti, Marco Apperti
The acronym IBD identifies the ulcerative colitis (URC), Crohn's disease (CD) and the undeterminate colitis (UC) 7. Inflammatory bowel diseases are characterized by variegated etiopathogenesis, probably autoimmune. They have in common a histological damage of a granulomatous/ulcerative kind and also the same manifestations which includes the alternation of remissions and exacerbations 1. They have a remarkable familiarity (13.5%) although it is more evident in CD than in URC. The incidence of IBD varies according to different geographical areas but with a steady increasing trend above all in CD and the diffusion seems to be linked to genetic factors (association with HLA-A2 and B 18) and to geographical factors...
December 21, 2011: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
K Bielecki
Ludwik Rydygier is undoubtedly the father of Polish gastrointestinal surgery. He performed two pioneering stomach operations: on 16 November 1880, first in Poland and second in the world after Jules Pean, the surgical removal of the pylorus in a 64-year-old patient suffering from stomach cancer; the operation took about four hours, unfortunately the patient died 12 hours later, and on 21 November 1881 he performed the world's first pylorectomy due to gastric ulcer, applying his own method of pylorectomy followed by the restoration by end-to-end anastomosis of the duodenal stump with the stomach stump; the patient survived the operation and recovered...
February 2011: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
Mette Brekke, Rune Krogh Eilertsen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the spectrum of diagnoses made by general practitioners (GPs) seeing patients with acute abdominal pain, as well as GPs' handling of these patients. To investigate factors predictive of acute admission to hospital. DESIGN: Descriptive study. SETTING: General practices in southern Norway, autumn 2007 and spring 2008. Subjects. A total of 134 patients who were offered an acute appointment with a GP because of abdominal pain...
2009: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
Daniela Fischerova
Sepsis and/or acute blood loss can be encoutered as an emergency condition in gynaecology, especially in women with ectopic pregnancy/miscarriage, acute pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)/tuboovarian abscesses, post-puerperal sepsis/haemorrhage and even in postoperative scenarios. If underestimated or suboptimally treated, both can lead to an inadequate tissue perfusion (defined as shock) and the development of multi-organ failure. Morbidity and mortality after development of one of the shock syndromes (septic or haemorrhagic) correlates directly with the duration and severity of the malperfusion...
October 2009: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
M Ibarrola Vidaurre, J Benito, B Azcona, N Zubeldía
Sexually transmitted diseases are those where the principal path of infection is through intimate contact. Numerous patients attend Accidents and emergencies for this reason, both because of the clinical features and because of social implications. The most frequent symptoms are lower abdominal pain, vaginal bleeding or excessive or troubling vaginal flow. Vulvovaginites are one of the principal problems in the everyday clinical practice of gynaecology. A genital ulcer whose principal aetiology is herpes, followed by syphilis and chancroid, increases the risk of contracting HIV infection and alters the course of other sexually transmitted diseases...
2009: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
Ksh Mamta Devi, Kh Sulochana Devi, Ng Brajachand Singh, N Nabakishore Singh, I Dorendra Singh
In India, HSV seroprevalence and its coinfection with HIV among female patients with reproductive tract infections (RTI) are sparse. We aim to ascertain the seroprevalence of HSV and its coinfection with HIV and common sexually transmitted infections attending Obstetrics and Gynaecology outpatient department, RIMS. The study included 92 female patients with RTI. Diagnostic serology was done for HSV-1 and HSV-2 using group specific IgM indirect immunoassay using ELISA, HIV by 3 ELISA/Rapid/Simple (E/R/S) test of different biological antigen...
September 2008: Journal of Communicable Diseases
L Cobellis, E Pecori, F Rigatti, M Rotondi, C Scaffa, E De Lucia, E M Messalli
Behçet's Syndrome (BD) is a chronic, relapsing, recurrent systemic vasculitis with an unknown cause. The disease affects all organs of the body concurrently or consecutively. Its various clinical manifestations result from ubiquitous small-vessel vasculitis, which is the underlying pathology. An Italian study has reported an increased association of the extended haplotype B51-DR5-DQw3. Without a known etiology BD syndrome has no uniformly acceptable therapy. Our study addresses therapeutic alternatives for the treatment of BD, with the systemic use of interferon alpha-2a...
2007: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology
S Farke, E Kraas, F Fischer
Surgical diagnostic and therapy in intraabdominal infections should be fast and definite. Infectious diseases of the abdomen are appendicitis, cholecystitis, peptic ulcer perforations, colonic perforations (mostly diverticulitis), gynaecologic infections and other rare indications. The role of laparoscopy especially in the treatment of intraabdominal infections is presented for different diagnoses. Besides its therapeutic options, laparoscopy plays a crucial role as diagnostic tool in intraabdominal infections...
October 2007: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
Alexandra Ilnyckyj
Ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) affect women of reproductive age. Surgical intervention is often required. Therefore, the implications of disease treatment and pregnancy need to be understood. The standard surgery for UC is proctocolectomy, followed by ileal pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA). This review summarises the literature describing the effects of IPAA on gynaecologic and sexual health, fertility, pregnancy, labour and delivery. The emerging role of laparoscopic IPAA and the limited role of ileo-rectal anastomosis (IRA) are discussed...
2007: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
Efraim Lev, Zohar Amar
The Taylor-Schechter (T-S) collection at Cambridge University Library is the biggest of all Cairo Genizah collections in the world. The importance and the potential of research into the medical aspects of the Genizah documents were clear to researcher since the early 1960s. A few works have been published since, usually focusing on one subject, or even important single manuscripts. The current research concerned mainly with one aspect of the history of medicine of the Jewish community of Cairo (as a reflection of Eastern medieval societies), namely the practical uses of natural substances for medicine...
December 6, 2006: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
U E Eni, H A Nggada, B M Gali
This study was conducted to verify the status of patients with negative appendicectomies in our practice and thus assess possible ways of reducing it. Of a total of 554 appendicectomies done in UMTH from January 1997 to December 2001, 27 (4.9 %) of these appendices were reported at histology as normal. 21 (77.8 %) were females and 6 (22.2 %) were males giving a female to male ratio of 3.5 to 1. The age range of the female patients was between 18 and 47 years with a mean 28.8 (SD) of (8.2) years. The age range of the male patients was between 11 and 47 years with a mean 31...
December 2005: African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
S J Reynolds, A R Risbud, M E Shepherd, A M Rompalo, M V Ghate, S V Godbole, S N Joshi, A D Divekar, R R Gangakhedkar, R C Bollinger, S M Mehendale
BACKGROUND: Recent syphilis outbreaks have raised concern regarding the potential enhancement of HIV transmission. The incidence of syphilis and its association with HIV-1 infection rates among a cohort of sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinic attendees was investigated. METHODS: 2732 HIV-1 seronegative patients attending three STI and one gynaecology clinic, were enrolled from 1993-2000 in an ongoing prospective cohort study of acute HIV-1 infection in Pune, India...
April 2006: Sexually Transmitted Infections
Zsuzsa Gyorffy, Szilvia Adám, Mária Kopp
BACKGROUND: A growing body of evidence in the international literature suggests that the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity including suicide is high among physicians. In addition, data published by Hungarian researchers in the early 1990-ies showed high prevalence of somatic morbidity in this population. Based on these data, it is hypothesised that the prevalence of psychiatric and somatic morbidity is higher among physicians in Hungary compared to the white collar population. AIMS: To assess the psychiatric and somatic health status of physicians as well as the prevalence of role conflict among female physicians in Hungary using a representative sample...
June 26, 2005: Orvosi Hetilap
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