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Seigo Ohba, Takako Kawasaki, Megumi Hashimoto, Noriaki Yoshida, Izumi Ashina
Orthognathic surgery including maxillary osteotomy, mandibular osteotomy, and genioplasty is a reliable treatment strategy for jaw deformity. However, there are some complications associated with these surgeries, including neurovascular damage and abnormal bleeding. The authors present here a patient of aspiration pneumonia after mandibular osteotomy.An 18-year-old female patient underwent sagittal split ramus osteotomy and genioplasty for mandibular prognathism. She began choking and coughing immediately after surgery...
June 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Hui Tian, Dazhi Huang, Tao Li, Lihua Huang, Xingguang Zheng, Danxia Tang, Lu Zhang, Jian Wang
Magnolia officinalix Rehd. et Wils is a kind of herb which is widely used for gastrointestinal tract mobility disorder in Asian countries. In this study, we investigated whether the total phenols of Magnolia officinalix Rehd. et Wils (TPM) treatment improves gastrointestinal tract dysmobility induced by intraperitoneal injection of atropine (5 mg/kg) in rats. Rats were randomly grouped into three units: TPM-pretreated/atropine-treated group, atropinetreated group and control group. TPM were administrated for 7 days...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Daniel Woo, Andrew J Kruger, Padmini Sekar, Mary Haverbusch, Jennifer Osborne, Charles J Moomaw, Sharyl Martini, Shahla M Hosseini, Simona Ferioli, Bradford B Worrall, Mitchell S V Elkind, Gene Sung, Michael L James, Fernando D Testai, Carl D Langefeld, Joseph P Broderick, Sebastian Koch, Matthew L Flaherty
OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) is associated with incontinence and gait disturbance among survivors of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) at 3-month follow-ups. METHODS: The Genetic and Environmental Risk Factors for Hemorrhagic Stroke study was used as the discovery set. The Ethnic/Racial Variations of Intracerebral Hemorrhage study served as a replication set. Both studies performed prospective hot-pursuit recruitment of ICH cases with 3-month follow-up...
March 8, 2016: Neurology
Eun Ha Kang, Jung Tae Lee, Hyo-Jung Lee, Joo Youn Lee, Sung Hae Chang, Hyon Joung Cho, Byoong Yong Choi, You-Jung Ha, Kyoung Un Park, Yeong Wook Song, Thomas E Van Dyke, Yun Jong Lee
BACKGROUND: Although microbes have been suggested to play a role in the pathogenesis of ankylosing spondylitis (AS), several studies present contradictory results regarding the association between AS and chronic periodontitis (CP). METHODS: Clinical, laboratory, and medication data were collected from 84 patients with AS and 84 age- and sex-matched controls. Periodontal measurements, including probing depths (PDs), clinical attachment loss (AL), serum anti-Porphyromonas gingivalis titers, and the detection of P...
December 2015: Journal of Periodontology
M A Clynes, M H Edwards, B Buehring, E M Dennison, N Binkley, C Cooper
Sarcopenia is common in later life and may be associated with adverse health outcomes such as disability, falls and fracture. There is no consensus definition for its diagnosis although diagnostic algorithms have been proposed by the European Working Group for Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP), the International Working Group on Sarcopenia (IWGS) and the Foundation for the National Institutes of Health Sarcopenia Project (FNIH). More recently, Binkley and colleagues devised a score-based system for the diagnosis of "dysmobility syndrome" in an attempt to combine adverse musculoskeletal phenotypes, including sarcopenia and osteoporosis, in order to identify older individuals at particular risk...
November 2015: Calcified Tissue International
Giovanni Iolascon, Antimo Moretti, Maria Teresa Giamattei, Silvia Migliaccio, Francesca Gimigliano
BACKGROUND: Fragility fractures are a major burden for health and social care in elderly people. In order to identify earlier the "frail elders", new concepts of "dysmobility syndrome" and skeletal muscle function deficit (SMFD), including sarcopenia, osteoporosis, obesity, and mobility limitation, leading to a higher risk of fractures, have been recently introduced. There are very few studies investigating the association between fragility fractures and both the dysmobility syndrome and the SMFD...
October 2015: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
E Michael Lewiecki, John P Bilezikian, Neil Binkley, Didier Hans, Diane Krueger, Paul D Miller, Mary Oates, Elizabeth Shane
The 2014 Santa Fe Bone Symposium provided a setting for the presentation and discussion of the clinical relevance of recent advances in the fields of osteoporosis and metabolic bone disease. The format included oral presentations of abstracts by endocrinology fellows, plenary lectures, panel discussions and breakout sessions, with ample opportunities for informal discussions before and after scheduled events. Topics addressed in these proceedings included a review of the important scientific publications in the past year, fracture prevention in patients with dysmobility and immobility, fracture liaison services for secondary fracture prevention, management of pre-menopausal osteoporosis, the role of bone microarchitecture in determining bone strength, measurement of microarchitecture in clinical practice and methods to improve the quality of bone density testing...
2015: Endocrine Research
A C Looker
UNLABELLED: Mortality risk was significantly elevated in older adults from NHANES 1999-2002 with dysmobility syndrome. INTRODUCTION: Dysmobility syndrome was recently proposed as an approach to evaluate the musculoskeletal health of older persons, but data linking this syndrome to adverse outcomes are currently lacking. The present study used data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2002 to assess the relationship between dysmobility and mortality in adults age 50 years and older by age, sex, and race or ethnicity...
January 2015: Osteoporosis International
N Binkley, D Krueger, B Buehring
Sarcopenia and osteoporosis are age-related declines in the quantity and quality of muscle and bone respectively, with shared pathogeneses and adverse health consequences. Both absolute and relative fat excess, i.e., obesity and sarcopenic obesity, contribute to disability, falls, and fractures. Rather than focusing on a single component, i.e., osteoporosis, sarcopenia, or obesity, we realized that an opportunity exists to combine clinical factors, thereby potentially allowing improved identification of older adults at risk for disability, falls, and fractures...
December 2013: Osteoporosis International
M-C Park, Y-B Park, S-K Lee
OBJECTIVES: To determine serum concentrations of bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and to investigate their relationship to disease activity, spinal dysmobility, and spinal damage. METHODS: Serum samples from 40 AS patients, 40 rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, and 40 healthy subjects were obtained, and serum BMP-2, -4, and -7 levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Clinical measurements for AS patients included the Bath AS Disease Activity Index (BASDAI), Metrology Index (BASMI), and Radiographic Index (BASRI), and those for RA patients included the disease activity score (DAS) 28 and Larsen scores...
May 2008: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
Alan A Parsa, Kevin D Lye, Nathan Radcliffe, Fereydoun Don Parsa
BACKGROUND: In December of 1998, the authors published a prospective study in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery (102: 2459, 1998) comparing standard lower blepharoplasty with lipectomy on one side and fat-preserving capsulopalpebral fascia hernia repair on the contralateral side; comparable aesthetic outcomes were demonstrated after 6 months of follow-up. In the present study, the authors report their findings on the original patient cohort with an average follow-up of 11.3 years. METHODS: From 1991 to 2007, 26 patients were identified who had previously undergone lower blepharoplasty for palpebral bags, using fat removal on one side and fat preservation on the contralateral side...
April 2008: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Kae Okoshi, Hajime Kubo, Satoshi Nagayama, Chiharu Tabata, Yoshio Kadokawa, Shigeo Hisamori, Yoshikuni Yonenaga, Akihisa Fujimoto, Akira Mori, Hisashi Onodera, Go Watanabe, Yoshiharu Sakai
BACKGROUND: Intestinal fibrosis leading to severe bowel dysmobility or obstruction is a troublesome adverse effect of abdominal or pelvic radiation therapy. We have recently reported that all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) prevents radiation- or bleomycin-induced lung fibrosis. Here, we examined the impact of ATRA on the mouse model of radiation-induced intestinal fibrosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated the histology of late radiation fibrosis in surgical samples...
November 2008: Journal of Surgical Research
Yasuaki Fujisawa, Kiyofumi Morishita, Johji Fukada, Nobuyoshi Kawaharada, Yoshikazu Hachiro, Tomio Abe
Acute distal aortic dissection rarely causes spinal cord ischemia presenting with paraplegia or paraparesis. Spinal cord involvement has poor outcomes, and there is no established effective treatment for this disorder. In this report we describe the acute conservative treatment of two cases of paraplegia/paraparesis due to acute type B aortic dissection. Early reversal of lower-limb dysmobility was achieved.
December 2006: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
Peter D Gorevic
Musculoskeletal disease is extraordinarily prevalent among geriatric patients, with an incidence that is increasing with the growth of this segment of the population. It is a major cause of disability, dependency, dysmobility, pain, and depression. Rheumatologic evaluation of the geriatric patient provides challenges to the clinician in the proper interpretation of pain, the effect of comorbidities and multiple medications, and the need to consider an interdisciplinary approach that includes the recognition of cognitive deficits, functional evaluations, and treatment of muscle atrophy...
August 2004: Geriatrics
Minoru Toyokura, Chieko Fujii, Tetsuya Urano, Kenzo Nishiya, Akira Ishida
We reported a patient who developed acute quadriplegic myopathy (AQM) following treatment with a combination of high-dose steroid and nondepolarizing blocking agent for idiopathic interstitial pneumonia (IIP). Few cases of AQM with IIP have been reported in the literature. The HP progressed rapidly in our patient, but the high-dose steroid therapy was effective. The rehabilitative intervention comprised of passive range-of-motion exercise, functional training, and muscle strengthening. After the initial presentation with severe weakness, the AQM gradually improved and the patient regained full physical function in 8 months...
October 2003: Tokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine
C P Mouton, D V Espino
Health screening is an important aspect of health promotion and disease prevention in women over 65 years of age. Screening efforts should address conditions that cause significant morbidity and mortality in this age group. In addition to screening for cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular disease and cancer, primary care physicians should identify risk factors unique to an aging population. These factors include hearing and vision loss, dysmobility or functional impairment, osteoporosis, cognitive and affective disorders, urinary incontinence and domestic violence...
April 1, 1999: American Family Physician
A Papadimitriou, G P Comi, G M Hadjigeorgiou, A Bordoni, M Sciacco, L Napoli, A Prelle, M Moggio, G Fagiolari, N Bresolin, S Salani, I Anastasopoulos, G Giassakis, R Divari, G Scarlato
OBJECTIVE: To describe the unique combination of partial depletion and multiple deletions of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) on muscle DNA analysis of three siblings with mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalomyopathy (MNGIE). BACKGROUND: MNGIE is a relatively homogeneous autosomal recessive disorder characterized by gastrointestinal dysmobility, ophthalmoparesis, peripheral neuropathy, mitochondrial myopathy, and altered white matter signal at brain imaging. Muscle multiple mtDNA deletions have been found in about half of the described cases...
October 1998: Neurology
K Sugita, S Hagisawa, Y Satoh, M Eguchi, T Furukawa
We describe a 27-month-old boy who was first admitted to our hospital on 7 January 1995 with nasal bleeding. From 6 months of age he has had lymphadenopathy, low levels of serum uric acid, increased levels of serum lactate dehydrogenase and hyper gamma-globulinemia. From the age of 18 months he has had persistent Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection (target cells; B cells), recurrent episodes of thrombocytopenia, anemia and hepatosplenomegaly. Dysmobility of the left leg and arm from a central nervous system complication during a relapse with pancytopenia on March 1995, was also observed...
August 1998: Acta Paediatrica Japonica; Overseas Edition
T Kuroiwa, T Kuwata, T Nakayama, T Takemura, M Sakuta, S Ichinose, Y Goto, R Okeda
A 40-year-old woman who developed intestinal dysmobility was found, at rectal biopsy, to have marked microvacuolation of mucosal muscle layer cells, which corresponded to increased accumulation of abnormal mitochondria. Skeletal muscle biopsy specimens showed ragged-red fibers, vessels strongly reactive for succinic dehydrogenase, and focal deficiency of cytochrome c oxidase. Autopsy performed at the age of 50 revealed prominent accumulation of abnormal mitochondria in the intestinal smooth muscle cells with a mottled distribution of focal necrosis, multiple small cerebral infarcts with diffuse neuronal loss, and rarefaction of the perivascular white matter...
July 1998: Acta Neuropathologica
B S Cohen
Elderly people experience motor, sensory and cognitive losses that affect their mobility and their ability to perform activities of daily living. There is often gradual loss of function, which requires recognition and correction. Sudden events, such as stroke, amputation or trauma, may occur in an environment of diminished function and reserve. Rehabilitation measures must be directed toward prevention of dysmobility, correction of functional losses and provision for continuing aftercare.
July 1984: American Family Physician
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