Read by QxMD icon Read

Lactate AND NAD

Delphine Ohayon, Alessia De Chiara, Nicolas Chapuis, Céline Candalh, Julie Mocek, Jean-Antoine Ribeil, Lamya Haddaoui, Norbert Ifrah, Olivier Hermine, Frédéric Bouillaud, Philippe Frachet, Didier Bouscary, Véronique Witko-Sarsat
Cytosolic proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), a scaffolding protein involved in DNA replication, has been described as a key element in survival of mature neutrophil granulocytes, which are non-proliferating cells. Herein, we demonstrated an active export of PCNA involved in cell survival and chemotherapy resistance. Notably, daunorubicin-resistant HL-60 cells (HL-60R) have a prominent cytosolic PCNA localization due to increased nuclear export compared to daunorubicin-sensitive HL-60 cells (HL-60S)...
October 19, 2016: Scientific Reports
Seung-Ho Baek, Eunice Y Kwon, Seon-Young Kim, Ji-Sook Hahn
Improving lactic acid (LA) tolerance is important for cost-effective microbial production of LA under acidic fermentation conditions. Previously, we generated LA-tolerant D-LA-producing S. cerevisiae strain JHY5310 by laboratory adaptive evolution of JHY5210. In this study, we performed whole genome sequencing of JHY5310, identifying four loss-of-function mutations in GSF2, SYN8, STM1, and SIF2 genes, which are responsible for the LA tolerance of JHY5310. Among the mutations, a nonsense mutation in GSF2 was identified as the major contributor to the improved LA tolerance and LA production in JHY5310...
October 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
Tatsufumi Goto, Kotomi Sugawara, Shigeyoshi Nakamura, Shun-Ichi Kidokoro, Hideki Wakui, Wataru Nunomura
Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) is a glycolytic enzyme that catalyzes the final step of glycolysis and produces NAD(+). In somatic cells, LDH forms homotetramers and heterotetramers that are encoded by two different genes: LDHA (skeletal muscle type, M) and LDHB (heart type, H). Analysis of LDH isozymes is important for understanding the physiological role of homotetramers and heterotetramers and for optimizing inhibition of their enzymatic activity as it may result in distinct effects. Previously, we reported that hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) inhibited LDH activity, but we did not examine isozyme specificity...
October 28, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Michael H Limberg, Julia Schulte, Tita Aryani, Regina Mahr, Meike Baumgart, Michael Bott, Wolfgang Wiechert, Marco Oldiges
Performance losses during scale-up are described since decades, but are still one of the major obstacles for industrial bioprocess development. Consequently, robustness to inhomogeneous cultivation environments is an important quality of industrial production organisms. Especially, Corynebacterium glutamicum was proven to have an outstanding resistance against rapid changes of oxygen and substrate availability as occurring in industrial scale bioreactors. This study focuses on the identification of metabolic key mechanisms for this robustness to get a deeper insight and provide future targets for process orientated strain development...
September 19, 2016: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Zhengwang Sun, Sang Yong Park, Eunson Hwang, Mengyang Zhang, Seul A Seo, Pei Lin, Tae-Hoo Yi
Solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation-induced reactive oxidative species is mainly responsible for the development of photoageing. Rosmarinic acid was one of the main bioactive components detected in Thymus vulgaris (TV) we extracted. In this study, UVB-induced skin damages have been shown to be ameliorated by treatment with TV in hairless mice (HR-1) skin, demonstrated by decreased matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and increased collagen production. However, the underlying molecular mechanism on which TV acted was unclear...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Debasis Das, Marthe T C Walvoort, Vinita Lukose, Barbara Imperiali
Phosphoglycosyltransferases (PGTs) are families of integral membrane proteins with intriguingly diverse architectures. These enzymes function to initiate many important biosynthetic pathways including those leading to peptidoglycan, N-linked glycoproteins and lipopolysaccharide O-antigen. In spite of tremendous efforts, characterization of these enzymes remains a challenge not only due to the inherent difficulties associated with the purification of integral membrane proteins but also due to the limited availability of convenient assays...
2016: Scientific Reports
Lucie Brisson, Piotr Bański, Martina Sboarina, Coralie Dethier, Pierre Danhier, Marie-Joséphine Fontenille, Vincent F Van Hée, Thibaut Vazeille, Morgane Tardy, Jorge Falces, Caroline Bouzin, Paolo E Porporato, Raphaël Frédérick, Carine Michiels, Tamara Copetti, Pierre Sonveaux
Metabolic adaptability is essential for tumor progression and includes cooperation between cancer cells with different metabolic phenotypes. Optimal glucose supply to glycolytic cancer cells occurs when oxidative cancer cells use lactate preferentially to glucose. However, using lactate instead of glucose mimics glucose deprivation, and glucose starvation induces autophagy. We report that lactate sustains autophagy in cancer. In cancer cells preferentially to normal cells, lactate dehydrogenase B (LDHB), catalyzing the conversion of lactate and NAD(+) to pyruvate, NADH and H(+), controls lysosomal acidification, vesicle maturation, and intracellular proteolysis...
September 12, 2016: Cancer Cell
Ying-Jr Chen, Nathaniel G Mahieu, Xiaojing Huang, Manmilan Singh, Peter A Crawford, Stephen L Johnson, Richard W Gross, Jacob Schaefer, Gary J Patti
It is well established that lactate secreted by fermenting cells can be oxidized or used as a gluconeogenic substrate by other cells and tissues. It is generally assumed, however, that within the fermenting cell itself, lactate is produced to replenish NAD(+) and then is secreted. Here we explore the possibility that cytosolic lactate is metabolized by the mitochondria of fermenting mammalian cells. We found that fermenting HeLa and H460 cells utilize exogenous lactate carbon to synthesize a large percentage of their lipids...
November 2016: Nature Chemical Biology
Laura S Kremer, Katharina Danhauser, Diran Herebian, Danijela Petkovic Ramadža, Dorota Piekutowska-Abramczuk, Annette Seibt, Wolfgang Müller-Felber, Tobias B Haack, Rafał Płoski, Klaus Lohmeier, Dominik Schneider, Dirk Klee, Dariusz Rokicki, Ertan Mayatepek, Tim M Strom, Thomas Meitinger, Thomas Klopstock, Ewa Pronicka, Johannes A Mayr, Ivo Baric, Felix Distelmaier, Holger Prokisch
To safeguard the cell from the accumulation of potentially harmful metabolic intermediates, specific repair mechanisms have evolved. APOA1BP, now renamed NAXE, encodes an epimerase essential in the cellular metabolite repair for NADHX and NADPHX. The enzyme catalyzes the epimerization of NAD(P)HX, thereby avoiding the accumulation of toxic metabolites. The clinical importance of the NAD(P)HX repair system has been unknown. Exome sequencing revealed pathogenic biallelic mutations in NAXE in children from four families with (sub-) acute-onset ataxia, cerebellar edema, spinal myelopathy, and skin lesions...
October 6, 2016: American Journal of Human Genetics
Andrew Jm Lewis, Jack Jj Miller, Chloe McCallum, Oliver J Rider, Stefan Neubauer, Lisa C Heather, Damian J Tyler
Metformin improves cardiovascular outcomes in type 2 diabetes, but its exact mechanisms of action remain controversial. We used hyperpolarized [1-(13)C]pyruvate magnetic resonance spectroscopy to determine the effects of metformin treatment upon heart and liver pyruvate metabolism in rats in vivo Both oral treatment for four weeks and a single intravenous metformin infusion significantly increased the cardiac [1-(13)C]lactate:[1-(13)C]pyruvate ratio, but had no effect on the [1-(13)C]bicarbonate + (13)CO2:[1-(13)C]pyruvate ratio, an index of pyruvate dehydrogenase flux...
August 25, 2016: Diabetes
Stuart R Green, Kenneth B Storey
Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), the terminal enzyme of anaerobic glycolysis, has a crucial role in sustaining ATP production by glycolysis during periods of anoxia via regenerating NAD(+) through the production of lactate. The present study examined the effects of prolonged (20h) anoxic submergence on LDH from the tail muscle of an anoxia-tolerant crayfish (Orconectes virilis). LDH was purified to homogeneity from tail muscle of both aerobic control and anoxic crayfish in a three step process. Analysis of the kinetic parameters and the stability of LDH showed that the Vmax in the pyruvate-reducing direction was significantly higher for the enzyme from anoxic crayfish whereas in the lactate-oxidizing direction the Vmax was significantly higher for the control enzyme...
August 17, 2016: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
Hugo Rico Bautista, Rafael Omar Saavedra Díaz, Longzhu Q Shen, Christophe Orvain, Christian Gaiddon, Ronan Le Lagadec, Alexander D Ryabov
Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) is a redox enzyme often overexpressed in cancer cells allowing their survival in stressful metabolic tumor environment. Ruthenium(II) complexes have been shown to impact on the activity of purified horseradish peroxidase and glucose oxidase but the physiological relevance remains unclear. In this study we investigated how ruthenium complexes impact on the activity of LDH in vitro and in cancer cells and performed a comparative study using polypyridine ruthenium(II) complex [Ru(bpy)3](2+) (1) and its structurally related cyclometalated 2-phenylpyridinato counterpart [Ru(phpy)(bpy)2](+) (2) (bpy=2,2'-bipyridine, phpyH=2-phenylpyridine)...
July 26, 2016: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
H B Dong, L L Sun, R H Cong, S Y Tao, Y Q DuanMu, J Tian, Y D Ni, R Q Zhao
Feeding a high concentrate (HC) diet is a widely used strategy for supporting high milk yields, yet it may cause certain metabolic disorders. This study aimed to investigate the changes in milk production and hepatic metabolism in goats fed different proportions of concentrate in the diet for 10 weeks. In total, 12 mid-lactating goats were randomly assigned to an HC diet (65% concentrate of dry matter, n=6) or a low concentrate (LC) diet (35% concentrate of dry matter, n=6). Compared with LC, HC goats produced greater amounts of volatile fatty acids and produced more milk and milk lactose, fat and protein (P<0...
August 10, 2016: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
E Elmorsy, S M Attalla, E Fikry, A Kocon, R Turner, D Christie, A Warren, L L Nwidu, W G Carter
Tuberculosis (TB) is an intractable chronic infection. Disease treatment with anti-TB drugs remains challenging due to drug-induced hepatotoxicity. The toxicity of the anti-TB drugs rifampicin (RIF), isoniazid (INH) and pyrazinamide (PZA) either alone or in combination was investigated in HepG2 cells. Assays of intracellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP) levels at 4-, 24- and 48-h post-exposure to gradient concentrations of RIF, INH and PZA were conducted. Drug-induced effects on mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), mitochondrial complex I and complex III activity, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+)) levels and cellular lactate production were assessed...
July 26, 2016: Human & Experimental Toxicology
S O Garcia, Y V Ulyanova, R Figueroa-Teran, K H Bhatt, S Singhal, P Atanassov
An NAD(+)-dependent enzymatic sensor with biofuel cell power source system for non-invasive monitoring of lactate in sweat was designed, developed, and tested. The sensor component, based on lactate dehydrogenase, showed linear current response with increasing lactate concentrations with limits of detection from 5 to 100 mM lactate and sensitivity of 0.2 µA.mM(-1) in the presence of target analyte. In addition to the sensor patch a power source was also designed, developed and tested. The power source was a biofuel cell designed to oxidize glucose via glucose oxidase...
2016: ECS Journal of Solid State Science and Technology: JSS
Chengqian Yin, Dan He, Shuyang Chen, Xiaoling Tan, Nianli Sang
Molecular oxygen is the final electron acceptor in cellular metabolism but cancer cells often become adaptive to hypoxia, which promotes resistance to chemotherapy and radiation. The reduction of endogenous glycolytic pyruvate to lactate is known as an adaptive strategy for hypoxic cells. Whether exogenous pyruvate is required for hypoxic cell proliferation by either serving as an electron acceptor or a biosynthetic substrate remains unclear. By using both hypoxic and ρ0 cells defective in electron transfer chain, we show that exogenous pyruvate is required to sustain proliferation of both cancer and non-cancer cells that cannot utilize oxygen...
June 21, 2016: Oncotarget
Jinzi Wu, Zhen Jin, Hong Zheng, Liang-Jun Yan
NAD(+) is a fundamental molecule in metabolism and redox signaling. In diabetes and its complications, the balance between NADH and NAD(+) can be severely perturbed. On one hand, NADH is overproduced due to influx of hyperglycemia to the glycolytic and Krebs cycle pathways and activation of the polyol pathway. On the other hand, NAD(+) can be diminished or depleted by overactivation of poly ADP ribose polymerase that uses NAD(+) as its substrate. Moreover, sirtuins, another class of enzymes that also use NAD(+) as their substrate for catalyzing protein deacetylation reactions, can also affect cellular content of NAD(+)...
2016: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
Xing Liu, Xu Wang, Jian Tong
Radon and its progeny were confirmed to be a category I carcinogenic agent. However, the molecular basis underlying carcinogenesis induced by radon has not been fully elucidated. Expression of p53, a key regulator in glycolysis, is known to be decreased in carcinogenesis. The aim of this investigation was to determine changes in energy metabolism mediated by p53-related metabolic pathway using radon-induced transformation of human bronchial epithelial (HBE) cells. HBE cells were exposed to radon for 20 min at a concentration of 20,000 Bq/m(3) and cultured for 3 d, and exposed again at the same concentration and duration...
2016: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
Yingxin Zhang, Tianyi Jiang, Binbin Sheng, Yangdanyu Long, Chao Gao, Cuiqing Ma, Ping Xu
It is advantageous for rhizosphere-dwelling microorganisms to utilize organic acids such as lactate. Pseudomonas putida KT2440 is one of the most widely studied rhizosphere-dwelling model organisms. The P. putida KT2440 genome contains an NAD-dependent d-lactate dehydrogenase encoding gene, but mutation of this gene does not play a role in D-lactate utilization. Instead, it was found that D-lactate utilization in P. putida KT2440 proceeds via a multi-domain NAD-independent D-lactate dehydrogenase with a C-terminal domain containing several Fe-S cluster-binding motifs (Fe-S D-iLDH) and glycolate oxidase, which is widely distributed in various microorganisms...
June 6, 2016: Environmental Microbiology Reports
Jiandong Zhang, Zhimei Cui, Honghong Chang, Xiaojun Fan, Qiuyong Zhao, Wenlong Wei
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the efficiency of a cofactor regeneration enzyme co-expressed with a glycerol dehydrogenase for the production of 1,3-dihydroxyacetone (DHA). RESULTS: In vitro biotransformation of glycerol was achieved with the cell-free extracts containing recombinant GlyDH (glycerol dehydrogenase from Escherichia coli), LDH (lactate dehydrogenase form Bacillus subtilis) or LpNox1 (NADH oxidase from Lactobacillus pentosus), giving DHA at 1.3 g l(-1) (GlyDH/LDH) and 2...
September 2016: Biotechnology Letters
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"