keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

air leak

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531789/do-picu-patients-meet-technical-criteria-for-performing-indirect-calorimetry
#1
Megan R Beggs, Gonzalo Garcia Guerra, Bodil M K Larsen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Indirect calorimetry (IC) is considered gold standard for assessing energy needs of critically ill children as predictive equations and clinical status indicators are often unreliable. Accurate assessment of energy requirements in this vulnerable population is essential given the high risk of over or underfeeding and the consequences thereof. The proportion of patients and patient days in pediatric intensive care (PICU) for which energy expenditure (EE) can be measured using IC is currently unknown...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523131/uniportal-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-the-middle-east-experience
#2
Firas Abu Akar, Diego Gonzalez-Rivas, Mahmoud Ismail, Maher Deeb, Yefim Reichenshtein, Irith Hadas-Halpern, Rachel Tauber, Daniel Fink
BACKGROUND: The application of uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) for both minor and major thoracic procedures is gaining widespread use across the globe. Believing its advantages, both in superb surgical results and less morbidity, our center has the privilege to be one of the first centers in the Middle East to introduce this surgical technique into our standard practice. This study presents our initial experience using this technique in 192 procedures and demonstrates the results of postoperative pain level in a sample of 90 patients...
April 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511075/using-endoscopy-to-minimize-the-extent-of-resection-in-the-management-of-giant-gists-of-the-stomach
#3
Hishaam Ismael, Yury Ragoza, Steven Cox
INTRODUCTION: The stomach is the most common site for GISTs. Wide local resection to achieve negative margins is the standard of care. Giants GISTs requiring extensive resection are usually managed with neo-adjuvant therapy followed by partial or total gastrectomy. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We present a case report of a giant GIST on the lesser curvature of the stomach. Neo-adjuvant therapy was administered. Intra-operative endoscopy was used to reduce the extent of gastric resection...
April 28, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508568/randomized-crossover-trial-of-a-pressure-sensing-visual-feedback-system-to-improve-mask-fitting-in-noninvasive-ventilation
#4
Anne-Kathrin Brill, Mohammad Moghal, Mary J Morrell, Anita K Simonds
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: A good mask fit, avoiding air leaks and pressure effects on the skin are key elements for a successful noninvasive ventilation (NIV). However, delivering practical training for NIV is challenging, and it takes time to build experience and competency. This study investigated whether a pressure sensing system with real-time visual feedback improved mask fitting. METHODS: During an NIV training session, 30 healthcare professionals (14 trained in mask fitting and 16 untrained) performed two mask fittings on the same healthy volunteer in a randomized order: one using standard mask-fitting procedures and one with additional visual feedback on mask pressure on the nasal bridge...
May 15, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495847/inflammatory-responses-to-acute-elevations-of-carbon-dioxide-in-mice
#5
Stephen R Thom, Veena M Bhopale, Jingping Hu, Ming Yang
Health risks are described from elevated indoor air carbon dioxide (CO2), which often ranges from 1000 to 4000 parts per million (ppm), but mechanisms are unknown. Here, we demonstrate that mice exposed for 2 hours to 2000 or 4000 ppm CO2 exhibit, respectively, 3.4 + 0.9 (SE, n=6) and 4.1 + 0.7 (n=10)-fold elevations in circulating microparticles (MPs); neutrophil and platelet activation and vascular leak in brain, muscle and distal colon. Interleukin (IL)-1β content of MPs also increases after 2000 ppm by 3...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495203/treatment-of-air-leak-in-polytrauma-patients-with-blunt-chest-injury
#6
Gabriel Halat, Lukas L Negrin, Konstantina Chrysou, Beatrix Hoksch, Ralph A Schmid, Gregor J Kocher
INTRODUCTION: Precise diagnostics and an adequate therapeutic approach are mandatory in the treatment of air leak in polytrauma patients with blunt chest trauma. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence, characteristics, and management of air leak following this injury pattern. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from 110 polytrauma patients was collected retrospectively. Fifty-four patients received initial treatment by chest tube placement for pneumothorax. These patients were classified into two groups, one with severe air leak and one with minor air leak...
May 1, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495066/salvage-pulmonary-resection-after-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-a-feasible-and-safe-option-for-local-failure-in-selected-patients
#7
Mara B Antonoff, Arlene M Correa, Boris Sepesi, Quynh-Nhu Nguyen, Garrett L Walsh, Stephen G Swisher, Ara A Vaporciyan, Reza J Mehran, Wayne L Hofstetter, David C Rice
OBJECTIVE: For inoperable patients with pulmonary malignancy, stereotactic body radiotherapy is a reasonable therapeutic option. Despite good early tumor control, local failure occurs in up to 10% of patients by 3 years. Because management of local recurrence after stereotactic body radiotherapy is unclear, we evaluated use of surgery as a salvage option. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of consecutive patients from a single institution who underwent salvage resection of primary and metastatic pulmonary malignancies previously treated with stereotactic body radiotherapy...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482928/feasibility-and-safety-of-robot-assisted-thoracic-surgery-for-lung-lobectomy-in-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Shiyou Wei, Minghao Chen, Nan Chen, Lunxu Liu
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate the feasibility and safety of robot-assisted thoracic surgery (RATS) lobectomy versus video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) for lobectomy in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: An electronic search of six electronic databases was performed to identify relevant comparative studies. Meta-analysis was performed by pooling the results of reported incidence of overall morbidity, mortality, prolonged air leak, arrhythmia, and pneumonia between RATS and VATS lobectomy...
May 8, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481010/dynamics-of-big-bubble-formation-in-deep-anterior-lamellar-keratoplasty-by-the-big-bubble-technique-in%C3%A2-vitro-studies
#9
Harminder S Dua, Lana A Faraj, Mohamed B Kenawy, Saief AlTaan, Mohamed S Elalfy, Tarek Katamish, Dalia G Said
PURPOSE: To examine the movement of air injected in the cornea in simulated deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK), from the needle tip to the formation of different types of big bubbles (BB) and to ascertain how air travels through the stroma and pre-Descemet's layer [Dua's layer (PDL)] to create a type-1 (air between PDL and deep stroma) and type-2BB (air between PDL and Descemet's membrane). METHODS: Air was injected in 57 sclerocorneal discs and the passage recorded...
May 8, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476473/decrease-in-delivery-room-intubation-rates-after-use-of-nasal-intermittent-positive-pressure-ventilation-in-the-delivery-room-for-resuscitation-of-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#10
Manoj Biniwale, Fiona Wertheimer
BACKGROUND: The literature supports minimizing duration of invasive ventilation to decrease lung injury in premature infants. Neonatal Resuscitation Program recommended use of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) in delivery room for infants requiring prolonged respiratory support. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of implementation of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) using nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) for resuscitation in very low birth infants...
May 2, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475586/efficacy-of-nh3-as-a-secondary-barrier-treatment-for-inactivation-of-salmonella-typhimurium-and-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-in-digestate-of-animal-carcasses-proof-of-concept
#11
Jacek A Koziel, Timothy S Frana, Heekwon Ahn, Thomas D Glanville, Lam T Nguyen, J Hans van Leeuwen
Managing the disposal of infectious animal carcasses from routine and catastrophic disease outbreaks is a global concern. Recent research suggests that burial in lined and aerated trenches provides the rapid pathogen containment provided by burial, while reducing air and water pollution potential and the length of time that land is taken out of agricultural production. Survival of pathogens in the digestate remains a concern, however. A potential answer is a 'dual'-barrier approach in which ammonia is used as a secondary barrier treatment to reduce the risk of pathogen contamination when trench liners ultimately leak...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453802/propensity-matched-comparison-of-extrapleural-pneumonectomy-and-pleurectomy-decortication-for-mesothelioma-patients%C3%A2
#12
Arthur Kostron, Martina Friess, Ilhan Inci, Sven Hillinger, Didier Schneiter, Hans Gelpke, Rolf Stahel, Burkhardt Seifert, Walter Weder, Isabelle Opitz
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this retrospective study was to assess perioperative outcomes, overall survival and freedom from recurrence after induction chemotherapy followed by extrapleural pneumonectomy (EPP) or pleurectomy/decortication (P/D) in patients with mesothelioma in a propensity score matched analysis. METHODS: Between September 1999 and August 2015, 167 patients received multimodality treatment (platinum-based chemotherapy followed by EPP [ n =  141] or P/D [ n =  26])...
May 1, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449464/the-role-of-bioglue-in-thoracic-surgery-a-systematic-review
#13
Diamantis I Tsilimigras, Aspasia Antonopoulou, Ioannis Ntanasis-Stathopoulos, Davide Patrini, Kostas Papagiannopoulos, David Lawrence, Nikolaos Panagiotopoulos
BACKGROUND: BioGlue is a commonly used sealant in thoracic surgery. Prolonged air leak and presence of bronchopleural fistulae (BPF) are often encountered in clinical practice. We therefore, investigated the role and the efficacy of BioGlue in these scenarios. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted by searching Medline [1966-2016] and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) [1999-2016] along with reference lists of the included studies. Included studies reported on thoracic surgery operations and use of BioGlue in thoracic surgical procedures, whereas excluded studies met at least one of the following criteria: non-English language studies, non-human population, studies on surgical specialties other than Thoracic surgery, reviews and meta-analyses and sealants other than BioGlue...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446973/bronchoscopic-valves-for-prolonged-air-leak-current-status-and-technique
#14
REVIEW
Amit K Mahajan, Sandeep J Khandhar
Unidirectional airway valves are devices used for the treatment of persistent air leaks (PALs) secondary to alveolar-pleural fistulas (APF) or bronchopleural fistulas (BPFs). These valves were originally developed as a non-surgical alternative to lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Randomized trials investigating the use of valves for bronchoscopic LVRS did not lead to the Federal Drug Administration (FDA) approval, but stemming from these studies a Humanitarian Device Exemption (HDE) was granted to Spiration intrabronchial valves (IBVs) for the treatment of PALs...
March 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444366/intraoperative-air-leak-measured-after-lobectomy-is-associated-with-postoperative-duration-of-air-leak
#15
Alessandro Brunelli, Michele Salati, Cecilia Pompili, Paolo Gentili, Armando Sabbatini
OBJECTIVES: To verify the association between the air leak objectively measured intraoperatively (IAL) using the ventilator and the air leak duration after pulmonary lobectomy. METHODS: Prospective analysis on 111 patients submitted to pulmonary lobectomy (33 by video-assisted thoracic surgery). After resection, objective assessment of air leak (in milliliter per minute) was performed before closure of the chest by measuring the difference between a fixed inspired and expired volume, using a tidal volume of 8 ml/kg, a respiratory rate of 10 and a positive-end expiratory pressure of 5 cmH 2 O...
April 24, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437954/microstructured-fbg-hydrogen-sensor-based-on-pt-loaded-wo-sub-3-sub
#16
Xian Zhou, Yutang Dai, Joseph Muna Karanja, Fufei Liu, Minghong Yang
Hydrogen gas sensing properties of Pt-WO<sub>3</sub> films on spiral microstructured fiber Bragg grating (FBG) has been demonstrated. Pt-WO<sub>3</sub> film was prepared by hydrothermal method. The spiral microsturctured FBG was fabricated using femtosecond laser. Spiral microstructure FBG hydrogen sensor can detect hydrogen concentration from 0.02% H<sub>2</sub> to 4% H<sub>2</sub> at room temperature, and the response time is shortened from a few minutes to 10~30 s...
April 17, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422911/do-vented-chest-seals-differ-in-efficacy-an-experimental-evaluation-using-a-swine-hemopneumothorax-model
#17
Bijan S Kheirabadi, Irasema B Terrazas, Nahir Miranda, Spc Amber N Voelker, Francoise Arnaud, Harold G Klemcke, Frank F Butler, Michael A Dubick
OBJECTIVE: Hemopneumothorax (HPTX) is the second leading cause of potentially preventable death among combat casualties. We investigated the ability of five FDA-approved non-occlusive chest seals (CSs) to seal a bleeding chest wound and prevent tension HPTX in a swine model. METHODS: Following instrumentation, an open chest wound was created in the left thorax of spontaneously air-breathing anesthetized pigs (n=26, 43 Kg). Autologous fresh blood (226 mL) was then infused into the pleural cavity to produce HPTX...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422883/transverse-rectus-abdominis-myocutaneous-flap-for-postpneumonectomy-bronchopleural-fistula-a-case-report
#18
Jen-Wu Huang, Yi-Ying Lin, Nai-Yuan Wu, Chien-Ho Tsai
RATIONALE: Numerous types of flap coverage have been reported to prevent or to repair bronchopleural fistulas. Most of the flaps were harvested from chest area. However, these pedicled flaps might not be optimal for the patient who has undergone previous radiotherapy on pulmonary parenchyma because the pedicle artery of the flap might have been injured by irradiation. Therefore, an alternative flap outside of the chest area is necessary. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 61-year-old male was diagnosed of squamous cell carcinoma in right upper lobe lung (cT3N2M0, stage IIIa)...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417447/air-leak-without-subcutaneous-emphysema-in-an-adult-patient-due-to-thyroidectomy
#19
Levent Dalar, Ayten Saracoglu, Kemal Tolga Saracoglu, Celalettin Kocatürk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415002/experimental-and-numerical-study-of-liquefied-natural-gas-lng-pool-spreading-and-vaporization-on-water
#20
Nirupama Gopalaswami, Konstantinos Kakosimos, Bin Zhang, Yi Liu, R Mentzer, M Sam Mannan
The investigation of pool spreading and vaporization phenomenon is an essential part of consequence analysis to determine the severity of LNG spills on water. In this study, release of LNG on water during marine operations is studied through experimental and numerical methods The study involves emulation of an LNG leak from transfer arms during side by side loading operations. The experimental part involves flow of LNG in a narrow trench filled with water and subsequent measurement of pool spreading and vaporization parameters...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
keyword
keyword
109772
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"