keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Medical Associated

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651415/-investigation-of-burn-rehabilitation-development-of-china-in-2014
#1
M Ao, J Wu, J Chen
Objective: To further study the development of burn rehabilitation in China, so as to promote the development of burn rehabilitation in China. Methods: The questionnaire about the development of burn rehabilitation treatment was started by Specialized Committee of Burn Treatment and Rehabilitation Science of Chinese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine (hereinafter referred to as Specialized Committee) in the end of 2014, and 65 affiliations of Specialized Committee members participated in. There was a total of 26 questions, mainly focusing on problems as below: (1) General information of the burn department of the units, including the number of authorized beds, annual admitted burn patients, annual admitted patients with extremely severe burn, doctors, nurses, rehabilitation therapists, and the condition of rehabilitation area and rehabilitation beds, etc...
May 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651343/does-a-first-degree-family-history-of-diabetes-impact-placental-maternal-and-fetal-vascular-circulation-and-inflammatory-response
#2
Marina Shargorodsky, Michal Kovo, Letizia Schraiber, Jacob Bar
Context: Heritability of diabetes is associated with hyperinsulinemia, impaired endothelial function, and inflammatory up-regulation. However, no studies have examined whether a family history of diabetes effects placental vascular circulation. Objective: The present study was designed to investigate the impact of a first-degree family history of type 2 diabetes (FHD) on placental vascular circulation and inflammatory lesions. Design: Observational cohort study...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651309/the-pattern-of-choosing-dialysis-modality-and-related-mortality-outcomes-in-korea-a-national-population-based-study
#3
Hyung Jong Kim, Jung Tak Park, Seung Hyeok Han, Tae-Hyun Yoo, Hyeong-Cheon Park, Shin-Wook Kang, Kyoung Hoon Kim, Dong-Ryeol Ryu, Hyunwook Kim
Background/Aims: Since comorbidities are major determinants of modality choice, and also interact with dialysis modality on mortality outcomes, we examined the pattern of modality choice according to comorbidities and then evaluated how such choices affected mortality in incident dialysis patients. Methods: We analyzed 32,280 incident dialysis patients in Korea. Patterns in initial dialysis choice were assessed by multivariate logistic regression analyses. Multivariate Poisson regression analyses were performed to evaluate the effects of interactions between comorbidities and dialysis modality on mortality and to quantify these interactions using the synergy factor...
June 26, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651219/a-20-year-multi-followup-longitudinal-study-assessing-whether-antipsychotic-medications-contribute-to-work-functioning-in-schizophrenia
#4
Martin Harrow, Thomas H Jobe, Robert N Faull, Jie Yang
To assess the long-term effectiveness of antipsychotic medications in facilitating work functioning in patients with schizophrenia we conducted longitudinal multifollowup research on 139 initially psychotic patients. The 70 patients with schizophrenia and 69 initially psychotic mood disordered control patients were followed up 6 times over 20 years. We compared the influence on work functioning of patients with schizophrenia continuously prescribed antipsychotics with patients with schizophrenia not prescribed antipsychotics, using statistical controls for inter-subject differences...
June 22, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651162/antibacterial-activity-corrosion-resistance-and-wear-behavior-of-spark-plasma-sintered-ta-5cu-alloy-for-biomedical-applications
#5
Jing Cui, Liang Zhao, Weiwei Zhu, Bi Wang, Cancan Zhao, Liming Fang, Fuzeng Ren
Tantalum has been widely used in orthopedic and dental implants. However, the major barrier to the extended use of such medical devices is the possibility of bacterial adhesion to the implant surface which will cause implant-associated infections. To solve this problem, bulk Ta-5Cu alloy has been fabricated by a combination of mechanical alloying and spark plasma sintering. The effect of the addition of Cu on the hardness, antibacterial activity, cytocompatibility, corrosion resistance and wear performance was systematically investigated...
June 21, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651153/the-role-of-marijuana-use-disorder-in-predicting-emergency-department-and-inpatient-encounters-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#6
Cynthia I Campbell, Amber L Bahorik, Andrea H Kline-Simon, Derek D Satre
BACKGROUND: Marijuana use disorder (MUD) is the most common illegal drug use disorder and its prevalence is increasing. It is associated with psychiatric and medical problems, but little is known about its impact on emergency department (ED) and inpatient utilization rates. DESIGN: In a retrospective cohort design, we used electronic health record (EHR) data to identify patients with MUD (n=2752) and demographically matched patients without MUD (n=2752) in 2010...
June 10, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651102/childhood-stress-and-birth-timing-among-african-american-women-cortisol-as-biological-mediator
#7
Shannon L Gillespie, Lisa M Christian, Angela D Alston, Pamela J Salsberry
Preterm birth (PTB) occurs among 1:11U.S. white women and 1:7.5 African American women and is a significant driver of racial disparities in infant mortality. Maternal stress is the most common clinical phenotype underlying spontaneous PTB. Specific patterns of stress and biological mediators driving PTB remain unclear. We examined the effect of childhood stress on birth timing among African American women and evaluated maternal cortisol elevation as a biological mediator. A prospective observational design was employed, with a single study visit at 28-32 weeks gestation and medical record review...
June 15, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650946/the-hyperextension-tibial-plateau-fracture-pattern-a-predictor-of-poor-outcome
#8
Leah J Gonzalez, Ariana Lott, Sanjit Konda, Kenneth A Egol
OBJECTIVES: To assess the outcome of patients with hyperextension bicondylar tibial plateau fractures (HEBTP) to those with other complex tibial plateau fractures DESIGN:: Retrospective cohort design SETTING:: Academic Medical Center PATIENTS:: A total of 84 patients were included in the study. There were 69 patients with 69 knees (82%) that had sustained non-hyperextension bicondylar tibial plateau fractures and 15 patients with 15 knees (18%) that had hyperextension bicondylar tibial plateau fractures (HEBTP) INTERVENTION:: Surgical repair of bicondylar tibial plateau fracture MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:: Clinical and functional outcomes included knee range of motion, post-operative alignment, NRS pain scores and Short Musculoskeletal Functional Assessment (SMFA) scores at long-term follow-up...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650923/the-effect-of-false-positive-mammograms-on-antidepressant-and-anxiolytic-initiation
#9
Joel E Segel, Rajesh Balkrishnan, Richard A Hirth
BACKGROUND: Despite reported increases in anxiety following a false-positive mammogram, there is little evidence the effect rises to the clinical level of initiating medication. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effect of a false-positive mammogram on antidepressant or anxiolytic initiation and identify subpopulations most at risk. SUBJECTS: MarketScan commercial and Medicaid claims databases used to identify women ages 40-64 undergoing screening mammography with no prior antidepressant or anxiolytic claims...
June 23, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650921/effect-of-continuity-of-care-on-drug-drug-interactions
#10
Jiun-Yu Guo, Yiing-Jenq Chou, Christy Pu
BACKGROUND: Drug-drug interaction (DDI) is a critical concern in health care systems because it is directly associated with patient outcomes and is generally preventable. However, few studies have been conducted on whether poor continuity of care (COC) is a determinant of DDIs and whether this effect varies by level of comorbidity. Patients with higher comorbidity normally require more complex treatment regimens than other patients, and hence their COC is more critical for ensuring the accuracy of their medication information...
June 23, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650904/pediatric-procedural-sedation-using-the-combination-of-ketamine-and-propofol-outside-of-the-emergency-department-a-report-from-the-pediatric-sedation-research-consortium
#11
Jocelyn R Grunwell, Curtis Travers, Anne G Stormorken, Patricia D Scherrer, Corrie E Chumpitazi, Jana A Stockwell, Mark G Roback, Joseph Cravero, Pradip P Kamat
OBJECTIVES: Outcomes associated with a sedative regimen comprised ketamine + propofol for pediatric procedural sedation outside of both the pediatric emergency department and operating room are underreported. We used the Pediatric Sedation Research Consortium database to describe a multicenter experience with ketamine + propofol by pediatric sedation providers. DESIGN: Prospective observational study of children receiving IV ketamine + propofol for procedural sedation outside of the operating room and emergency department using data abstracted from the Pediatric Sedation Research Consortium during 2007-2015...
June 23, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650902/itpa-activity-in-adults-and-children-treated-with-or-without-azathioprine-relationship-between-tpmt-activity-thiopurine-metabolites-and-co-medications
#12
Boulieu Roselyne, Antony Citterio-Quentin, Mustapha Moulsma, Marie-Paule Gustin
BACKGROUND: The implication of inosine triphosphate pyrophosphatase (ITPA) on thiopurine drug response variability has been investigated but little data is available on its role on thiopurine metabolites. ITPA' ability to modify the thiopurine metabolite levels currently used to optimize azathioprine (AZA) therapy in relation to TPMT activity, the aim of this study is to investigate ITPA phenotype in a large population and to evaluate the relation between ITPA and TPMT activities and thiopurine metabolites...
June 22, 2017: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650892/the-2017-hormone-therapy-position-statement-of-the-north-american-menopause-society
#13
(no author information available yet)
The 2017 Hormone Therapy Position Statement of The North American Menopause Society (NAMS) updates the 2012 Hormone Therapy Position Statement of The North American Menopause Society and identifies future research needs. An Advisory Panel of clinicians and researchers expert in the field of women's health and menopause was recruited by NAMS to review the 2012 Position Statement, evaluate new literature, assess the evidence, and reach consensus on recommendations, using the level of evidence to identify the strength of recommendations and the quality of the evidence...
June 22, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650884/can-surgeon-demographic-factors-predict-postoperative-complication-rates-after-elective-spinal-fusion
#14
Danielle S Chun, Ralph W Cook, Joseph A Weiner, Michael S Schallmo, Kathryn A Barth, Sameer K Singh, Ryan D Freshman, Alpesh A Patel, Wellington K Hsu
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. OBJECTIVE: Determine whether surgeon demographic factors influence postoperative complication rates after elective spine fusion procedures. BACKGROUND: Surgeon demographic factors have been shown to impact decision making in the management of degenerative disease of the lumbar spine. Complication rates are frequently reported outcome measurements used to evaluate surgical treatments, quality-of-care, and determine health care reimbursements...
June 23, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650869/the-2017-hormone-therapy-position-statement-of-the-north-american-menopause-society
#15
(no author information available yet)
The 2017 Hormone Therapy Position Statement of The North American Menopause Society (NAMS) updates the 2012 Hormone Therapy Position Statement of The North American Menopause Society and identifies future research needs. An Advisory Panel of clinicians and researchers expert in the field of women's health and menopause was recruited by NAMS to review the 2012 Position Statement, evaluate new literature, assess the evidence, and reach consensus on recommendations, using the level of evidence to identify the strength of recommendations and the quality of the evidence...
July 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650866/obesity-and-metabolic-stone-disease
#16
Daniel A Wollin, Andreas Skolarikos, Glenn M Preminger
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this article, we aim to review the data regarding associations between obesity and nephrolithiasis to assist with workup and treatment of these intersecting disorders. As obesity has a multifactorial influence on the risk for urinary stone disease, the complicated mechanisms will be discussed to improve diagnosis and management. RECENT FINDINGS: Obesity and metabolic syndrome interact with nephrolithiasis risk factors to produce a myriad of bodily responses that induce stone formation...
June 24, 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650707/a-review-of-radiation-countermeasures-focusing-on-injury-specific-medicinals-and-regulatory-approval-status-part-i-radiation-sub-syndromes-animal-models-and-fda-approved-countermeasures
#17
Vijay K Singh, Thomas M Seed
PURPOSE: The increasing global risk of nuclear and radiological accidents or attacks has driven renewed research interest in developing medical countermeasures to potentially injurious exposures to acute irradiation. Clinical symptoms and signs of a developing acute radiation injury, i.e. the acute radiation syndrome, are grouped into three sub-syndromes named after the dominant organ system affected, namely the hematopoietic, gastrointestinal, and neurovascular systems. The availability of safe and effective countermeasures against the above threats currently represents a significant unmet medical need...
June 26, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650557/association-between-metformin-prescription-and-growth-rates-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms
#18
J Golledge, J Moxon, J Pinchbeck, G Anderson, S Rowbotham, J Jenkins, M Bourke, B Bourke, A Dear, T Buckenham, R Jones, P E Norman
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that diabetes medications, such as metformin, may have effects that inhibit abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) growth. The aim of this study was to examine the association of diabetes treatments with AAA growth in three patient cohorts. METHODS: AAA growth was studied using ultrasound surveillance in cohort 1, repeated CT in cohort 2 and more detailed repeat CT in cohort 3. Growth was estimated by the mean annual increase in maximum AAA diameter...
June 26, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650412/pressure-injury-knowledge-in-critical-care-nurses
#19
Donna M Miller, Lisa Neelon, Kathleen Kish-Smith, Laura Whitney, Christopher J Burant
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify pressure injury knowledge in critical care nurses related to prevention and staging following multimodal education initiatives. DESIGN: Postintervention descriptive study. SETTING AND SAMPLE: The sample comprised 32 RNs employed in medical intensive care/coronary intensive care or surgical intensive care units. The study setting was a 237-bed Veterans Affairs acute care hospital in the Midwestern United States...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650389/prevalence-of-pancreatic-cystic-lesions-is-associated-with-diabetes-mellitus-and-obesity-an-analysis-of-5296-individuals-who-underwent-a-preventive-medical-examination
#20
Suguru Mizuno, Hiroyuki Isayama, Yousuke Nakai, Takeharu Yoshikawa, Kazunaga Ishigaki, Saburo Matsubara, Natsuyo Yamamoto, Hideaki Ijichi, Keisuke Tateishi, Minoru Tada, Naoto Hayashi, Kazuhiko Koike
OBJECTIVES: Pancreatic cystic lesions (PCLs) are considered precursors of pancreatic cancer. Diabetes mellitus (DM) and obesity are known as risk factors for pancreatic cancer. We investigated the prevalence of PCLs in the general population and the relationship between PCLs and DM/obesity. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis included 5296 individuals who underwent a preventive medical examination between October 2006 and June 2013 at our institution. Magnetic resonance imaging, including magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography, was performed using a 3...
June 22, 2017: Pancreas
keyword
keyword
109768
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"