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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050349/nomograms-incorporated-serum-direct-bilirubin-level-for-predicting-prognosis-in-stages-ii-and-iii-colorectal-cancer-after-radical-resection
#1
Qunfeng Zhang, Xiaowei Ma, Qunhuan Xu, Juanxiu Qin, Yanhua Wang, Qian Liu, Hua Wang, Min Li
An elevated serum bilirubin has been reported to be associated with a reduced risk of some cancer; however, the prognostic significance of serum bilirubin in colorectal cancer wasn't fully understood. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether serum bilirubin could predict the prognosis of patients in stages II and III colorectal cancer. A retrospective cohort of 986 patients with colorectal cancer who received surgical resection between January 2005 and December 2010 was included in the study. Levels for serum bilirubin were obtained from medical records...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050185/-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-of-acute-vogt-koyanagi-harada-disease
#2
S S Jia, C Zhao, D Gong, Z Chen, M F Zhang
Objective: To measure vascular density in retinal and choroidal capillary layers by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) and to explore their potential clinical values in Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease (VKH). Methods: This is a cross-sectional case-control study. Twenty-one acute VKH cases presented to Peking Union Medical College Hospital between April 2015 and July 2015 and 49 healthy controls were enrolled in this study. OCTA was performed with a split-spectrum amplitude-decorrelation angiography-optical coherence tomography (SSADA-OCT) system borrowed from Optovue Inc...
October 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050176/-analysis-of-diagnosis-therapy-and-prognosis-factors-of-103-patients-with-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumors
#3
Q Luo, Y N Liu, H Y Ma, S Li, J Y Huang, G Li, G Jin
Objective: To discuss the clinical pathology characteristics, strategies of diagnosis and therapy, and related prognosis factors of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors(pNET). Methods: Clinical data of 103 pNET cases in Department of Pancreatic Surgery, Changhai Hospital of Second Military Medical University were collected from January 2006 to December 2015. There were 44 males and 59 females, aged from 21 to 77 years with mean age of 48 years.Of the 103 patients, there were functional type in 21 cases and no functional type in 82 cases...
October 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050165/-ovarian-tumor-associated-with-anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis-a-report-of-15-cases
#4
X M Li, H Y Jiang, Y F Wang, W Qiu, Y Wang, H T Wu
Objective: To summarize the clinical features of patients with ovarian tumor and anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor(NMDAR) encephalitis, and to explore the influence of operation patterns on the prognosis. Methods: The clinical information of patients with ovarian tumor and anti-NMDAR encephalitis in The 3rd Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University and The Zhujiang Hospital of Southern Medical University were collected and analyzed. Results: There were 15 patients were enrolled in this study, with the average age of 24...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050158/-ct-perfusion-analysis-on-the-association-of-permeability-surface-with-hematoma-and-edema-volume-in-acute-spontaneous-putaminal-and-thalamic-hematoma
#5
H L Xu, J C Wang, Y Zhang, S L Liu, W W He, X T Qin, G Q Cao, Y J Yang, Q C Zhuge, W J Chen
Objective: To discuss the correlation of permeability surface (PS) with hematoma and edema volume in acute spontaneous putaminal and thalamic hematoma using CT perfusion imaging. Methods: A total of 48 acute spontaneous putaminal and thalamic hemorrhage patients were enrolled in this study during October 2015 and December 2016 at the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University. At the image slice with maximum size of hematoma, PS was measured by drawing various regions of interest (ROI) including"hot spots", perihematomal regions, outward regions, hemisphere regions and contralateral mirror regions...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050156/-altered-expression-and-clinical-significance-of-plasma-pdgf-in-patients-with-myasthnia-gravis
#6
J J Wang, H X Zhang, X L Zhou, L H Wang
Objective: To evaluate the expression and clinical significance of plasma platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) in the patients with myasthenia gravis (MG). Methods: Plasma samples from 44 MG patients and 34 healthy people were collected from August 2015 to December 2016 from the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University. The expression of PDGF was detected by MILLIPLEX MAP Reagent kit. Furthermore, we analyzed the associations between PDGF expression level and quantitative myasthenia gravis score (QMG)...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050147/-association-of-vitamin-d-receptor-gene-polymorphisms-with-idiopathic-hypoparathyroidism-phenotypes
#7
T T Quan, M Nie, Y P Li, Y Jiang, M Li, W B Xia, X W Meng, X P Xing, O Wang
Objective: To explore the association of vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphisms with idiopathic hypoparathyroidism (IHP). Methods: Two hundred and three patients with IHP and 209 healthy age- and sex-matched subjects were recruited at Peking Union Medical College Hospital between December 1987 and December 2015 as case group and control group, respectively. The VDR gene polymorphisms including rs739837, rs3847987 and rs2228570 were analyzed by Sequenom Mass Array. The frequency of different genotypes and alleles was detected, then their association with pathogenesis of IHP was analyzed...
September 26, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050113/-long-term-follow-up-of-neuroblastoma-in-children-less-than-18-months-of-age
#8
J Zhao, C Pan, M Xu, M Zhou, Y J Gao, W T Hu, J Y Tang
Objective: To assess the clinical features and long-term outcomes of neuroblastoma (NB) in children less than 18 months of age, so as to provide evidence for further improvement of treatment. Method: Clinical data(sex, age, stage, risk group, treatment response, follow-up, etc.) of 155 NB patients under age of 18 months from June 2000 to December 2015 in Shanghai Children's Medical Center were analyzed retrospectively. The clinical features were summarized and the long-term follow-up results were evaluated...
October 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050108/-evidence-based-guideline-on-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-steroid-sensitive-relapsing-steroid-dependent-nephrotic-syndrome-in-children-2016
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050107/-recommendations-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-rhabdomyosarcoma-in-chinese-children-and-adolescents-cccg-rms-2016
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050043/-malpractice-claims-against-pediatricians-analysis-of-expert-testimonies-from-the-medical-service-of-health-insurance-companies-between-2000-and-2014
#11
Heiko Steinhauer, Joachim Holzschuh, Thomas Böhler
Background In Germany, few data are available on medical malpractice claims against pediatricians. On behalf of Statutory Health Insurance Companies their Medical Service (MDK) regularly offers expert testimony in case of allegations during pediatric treatment. Methods Analysis of 374 written pediatric testimonies, documented between September 1st, 2000 and August 31st, 2014. Results 193 allegations against pediatricians were analysed separately for each sector of care (35% concerning outpatients, 28% normal inpatients, and 37% patients treated in an intensive care unit, ICU)...
October 19, 2017: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050004/study-on-clinical-factors-involved-in-helicobacter-pylori-uninfected-undifferentiated-type-early-gastric-cancer
#12
Yusuke Horiuchi, Junko Fujisaki, Naoki Ishizuka, Masami Omae, Akiyoshi Ishiyama, Toshiyuki Yoshio, Toshiaki Hirasawa, Yorimasa Yamamoto, Masatsugu Nagahama, Hiroshi Takahashi, Tomohiro Tsuchida
BACKGROUND: The factors associated with the pathogenesis of Helicobacter pylori-uninfected undifferentiated-type early gastric cancer (HPUGC) remain unclear. This study compared patient characteristics, including medical history and alcohol/tobacco use, of HPUGC patients with characteristics of patients with H. pylori-positive undifferentiated-type early gastric cancer (HPPGC) to clarify and gain understanding on those differences that could play a role in the pathogenesis. METHODS: This retrospective study included 282 patients who were treated endoscopically from March 2005 to March 2014...
October 19, 2017: Digestion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049955/the-engine-and-the-reaper-industrialization-and-mortality-in-late-nineteenth-century-japan
#13
John P Tang
Economic development improves long-run health outcomes through access to medical treatment, sanitation, and higher income. Short run impacts, however, may be ambiguous given disease exposure from market integration. Using a panel dataset of Japanese vital statistics and multiple estimation methods, I find that railroad network expansion is associated with a six percent increase in gross mortality rates among newly integrated regions. Communicable diseases accounted for most of the rail-associated mortality, which indicate railways behaved as transmission vectors...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049907/clinical-correlates-of-saccadic-eye-movement-in-antipsychotic-na%C3%A3-ve-schizophrenia
#14
Aditi Subramaniam, Vijay Danivas, Sri Mahavir Agarwal, Sunil Kalmady, Venkataram Shivakumar, Anekal C Amaresha, Anushree Bose, Janardhanan C Narayanaswamy, Shivarama Varambally, Samuel B Hutton, Ganesan Venkatasubramanian, Bangalore N Gangadhar
Some aspects of saccadic performance have been found to be abnormal in chronic schizophrenia. The majority of this research has, however, been performed on patients treated with long-term antipsychotic medication. Very few studies have examined saccadic performance in antipsychotic-naïve/free patients. There are also very few studies describing the relationship between saccadic performance and clinical symptoms, particularly in antipsychotic free patients. In this study, we compared pro and antisaccade performance in a large sample of antipsychotic-naïve/free schizophrenia patients (N = 45) with healthy controls (N = 57)...
October 4, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049904/the-impact-of-medicare-part-d-on-cognitive-functioning-at-older-ages
#15
Tae-Young Pak, GwanSeon Kim
Research has shown that the establishment of Medicare prescription drug benefit in 2006 leads to improvement in medication adherence and mortality outcomes. Despite a clear connection between physical/mental health and the risk of dementia, little is known about the extent to which this reform has affected the cognitive functioning of the elderly. Using data from the Health and Retirement Study and difference-in-differences approach, this study provides the first evidence on the cognition-enhancing effects of Medicare Part D...
September 25, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049820/association-of-history-of-gestational-diabetes-with-long-term-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-a-large-prospective-cohort-of-us-women
#16
Deirdre K Tobias, Jennifer J Stuart, Shanshan Li, Jorge Chavarro, Eric B Rimm, Janet Rich-Edwards, Frank B Hu, JoAnn E Manson, Cuilin Zhang
Importance: Previous studies identify gestational diabetes (GD) as a risk factor for intermediate markers of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk; however, few are prospective, evaluate hard CVD end points, or account for shared risk factors including body weight and lifestyle. Objective: To prospectively evaluate history of GD in relation to incident CVD risk. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Nurses' Health Study II (NHS II) is an observational cohort study of US female nurses established in 1989, with ongoing follow-up...
October 16, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049704/mortality-and-morbidity-of-patients-on-the-waiting-list-for-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery
#17
Viviane Belidio Pinheiro da Fonseca, Andrea De Lorenzo, Bernardo Rangel Tura, Felipe José Monassa Pittella, Antônio Sérgio Cordeiro da Rocha
OBJECTIVES: The public health care system in Brazil has extensive waiting lists of patients requiring complex operations such as coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The purpose of this study was to identify the mortality and morbidity rates of the patients awaiting CABG and identify predictors of adverse events and their association with perioperative outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of outpatient medical records of patients referred for this elective procedure in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil...
August 24, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049674/collaboration-between-acgme-and-aoa-programs-to-enhance-success-in-the-single-accreditation-system-a-process-paper
#18
Amanda K H Weidner, Judith Pauwels, Marcia McGuire, Ardis Davis
Beginning in 2020, all residency programs will be accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME). Programs accredited by the American Osteopathic Association (AOA) that do not achieve ACGME pre-accreditation status by 2020 will be forced to close, resulting in loss of graduate medical education slots and affecting the physician workforce locally and nationally. Current ACGME programs are in a position to help consult, support, and learn from local AOA-only programs as they work toward meeting ACGME accreditation requirements, but to date there have been only limited collaborations...
October 19, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049533/association-of-antidepressant-medications-with-incident-type-2-diabetes-among-medicaid-insured-youths
#19
Mehmet Burcu, Julie M Zito, Daniel J Safer, Laurence S Magder, Susan dosReis, Fadia T Shaya, Geoffrey L Rosenthal
Importance: Antidepressants are one of the most commonly prescribed classes of psychotropic medications among US youths. For adults, there is emerging evidence on the increased risk of type 2 diabetes in association with antidepressant use. However, little is known about the antidepressant treatment-emergent risk of type 2 diabetes among youths. Objective: To assess the association between antidepressant use and the risk of incident type 2 diabetes in youths by antidepressant subclass and according to duration of use, cumulative dose, and average daily dose...
October 16, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049517/-job-lock-among-long-term-survivors-of-childhood-cancer-a-report-from-the-childhood-cancer-survivor-study
#20
Anne C Kirchhoff, Ryan Nipp, Echo L Warner, Karen Kuhlthau, Wendy M Leisenring, Karen Donelan, Julia Rabin, Giselle K Perez, Kevin C Oeffinger, Paul C Nathan, Leslie L Robison, Gregory T Armstrong, Elyse R Park
Importance: Childhood cancer survivors may be reluctant to make changes in their employment because of access to health insurance. Objective: To examine the prevalence of "job lock" (staying at a job to keep work-related health insurance) in a sample drawn from an established, multi-institutional cohort of full-time employed childhood cancer survivors compared with a random sample of siblings and to explore factors associated with job lock among cancer survivors...
October 19, 2017: JAMA Oncology
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