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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822322/caffeine-s-influence-on-gambling-behavior-and-other-types-of-impulsivity
#1
Jon E Grant, Samuel R Chamberlain
BACKGROUND: Young adulthood is a developmental period frequently associated with occurrence of impulsive behaviors including gambling. It is estimated that 73% of children and 87% of adults in the United States regularly use caffeine. Questions remain, however, concerning the role of caffeine in the development and maintenance of impulsive behaviors such as gambling. METHODS: Sixty-one young adults with at least some degree of disordered gambling were recruited from two Mid-Western university communities in the United States using media advertisements...
August 12, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822240/statin-use-and-venous-thromboembolism-in-cancer-a-large-active-comparator-propensity-score-matched-cohort-study
#2
Sherif M El-Refai, Esther P Black, Val R Adams, Jeffery C Talbert, Joshua D Brown
BACKGROUND: Statins have been shown to have a protective effect for venous thromboembolism (VTE) in the general population. This study sought to assess the association between statins and the risk for cancer-associated deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). METHODS: Patients with newly diagnosed cancer were followed for up to one year in a healthcare claims database (2010-2013). Three treatment groups included statin users, non-statin cholesterol lowering medication users, and an untreated group with pre-existing indications for statin therapy (hyperlipidemia, diabetes, or heart disease)...
August 10, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822210/evaluation-of-the-association-between-disaster-training-and-confidence-in-disaster-response-among-graduate-medical-trainees-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Andrew Grock, Adam R Aluisio, Elizabeth Abram, Patricia Roblin, Bonnie Arquilla
OBJECTIVE: Disasters by definition overwhelm the resources of a hospital and may require a response from a range of practitioners. Disaster training is part of emergency medicine (EM) resident curricula, but less emphasized in other training programs. This study aimed to compare disaster educational training and confidence levels among resident trainees from multiple specialties. DESIGN: A structured questionnaire assessed graduate medical training in disaster education and self-perceived confidence in disaster situations...
January 2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822142/-prospects-of-molecular-breeding-in-medical-plants
#4
REVIEW
Xiao-Jun Ma, Chang-Ming Mo
The molecular-assisted breeding, transgenic breeding and molecular designing breeding are three development directions of plant molecular breeding. Base on these three development directions, this paper summarizes developing status and new tendency of research field of genetic linkage mapping, QTL mapping, association mapping, molecular-assisted selections, pollen-mediated transformations, agrobacterium-mediated transformations, particle gun-mediated transformations, genome editing technologies, whole-genome sequencing, transcriptome sequencing, proteome sequencing and varietal molecular designing...
June 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822062/validation-of-dynamic-risk-stratification-in-pediatric-differentiated-thyroid-cancer
#5
Seo Young Sohn, Young Nam Kim, Hye In Kim, Tae Hyuk Kim, Sun Wook Kim, Jae Hoon Chung
PURPOSE: There has been increasing interest in a risk-adopted management strategy known as dynamic risk stratification following the revised American Thyroid Association guidelines for differentiated thyroid cancer. We aimed to evaluate the usefulness of dynamic risk stratification for predicting structural disease in pediatric differentiated thyroid cancer patients. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 130 pediatric differentiated thyroid cancer patients (≤19 years) who were treated between 1996 and 2015 at Samsung Medical Center...
August 18, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822044/capsule-commentary-on-phelan-et-al-medical-school-factors-associated-with-changes-in-implicit-and-explicit-bias-against-gay-and-lesbian-people-among-3492-graduating-medical-students
#6
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822002/food-insecurity-hiv-disease-progression-and-access-to-care-among-hiv-infected-russians-not-on-art
#7
Bulat Idrisov, Karsten Lunze, Debbie M Cheng, Elena Blokhina, Natalia Gnatienko, Gregory J Patts, Carly Bridden, Ronald E Kleinman, Sheri D Weiser, Evgeny Krupitsky, Jeffrey H Samet
Food insecurity (FI) has been associated with HIV disease progression among people on antiretroviral therapy (ART), presumably a consequence of poor medication adherence. We assessed whether there is a longitudinal association between FI and two primary outcomes reflecting on HIV disease progression (i.e., CD4 count and time to ART initiation) among people not on ART. Analyses used linear mixed effects and Cox models controlling for confounders. In this cohort (n = 310) FI was common (53%). Most (71.3%) reported past month heavy alcohol use and 37...
August 18, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821988/presentation-and-management-of-symptomatic-central-bone-cement-embolization
#8
Ahmed Samir Barakat, Tamer Owais, Mohamed Alhashash, Mootaz Shousha, Hesham El Saghir, Bernward Lauer, Heinrich Boehm
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: With more cement augmentation procedures done, the occurrence of serious complications is also expected to rise. Symptomatic central cement embolization is a rare but very serious complication. Moreover, the pathophysiology and treatment of intrathoracic cement embolism remain controversial. PURPOSE: In this case series, we are trying to identify various presentations and suggest our emergent management scheme for symptomatic central cement embolization...
August 18, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821915/risk-and-outcomes-of-fracture-in-peripheral-arterial-disease-patients-two-nationwide-cohort-studies
#9
F-L Liu, C-S Lin, C-C Yeh, C-C Shih, Y-G Cherng, C-H Wu, T-L Chen, C-C Liao
Using national insurance claims data of Taiwan, we found that patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) had increased risk of fracture during the follow-up period of 2000-2013. History of PAD was also associated with adverse outcomes in hospitalized fracture patients. Prevention strategies were needed in this susceptible population. INTRODUCTION: Limited information was available on the association between PAD and fracture. The purpose of this study is to evaluate fracture risk and post-fracture outcomes in patients with PAD...
August 18, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821888/risk-factors-for-epistaxis-in-patients-followed-in-general-practices-in-germany
#10
D U Seidel, L Jacob, K Kostev, A M Sesterhenn
<p>BACKGROUND: The goal of the present study was to analyze the risk factors for epistaxis in patients followed in general practices in Germany.</p> <p>METHODS: The current study sample included patients aged 18 years or older who received a first epistaxis diagnosis between January 2012 and December 2016 (index date). Epistaxis patients and controls without epistaxis were matched (1:1) on the basis of age, gender, insurance status and physician. </p> <p>RESULTS: A total of 16,801 patients with epistaxis and 16,801 control subjects were included in this study...
August 19, 2017: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821553/epidemiology-of-discordance-between-symptoms-and-signs-of-dry-eye
#11
Erin S Ong, Elizabeth R Felix, Roy C Levitt, William J Feuer, Constantine D Sarantopoulos, Anat Galor
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The frequent lack of association between dry eye (DE) symptoms and signs leads to challenges in diagnosing and assessing the disease. METHODS: Participants underwent ocular surface examinations to evaluate signs of disease and completed questionnaires to assess ocular symptoms, psychological status and medication use. To assess nociceptive system integrity, quantitative sensory testing (QST), including vibratory and thermal threshold measures and temporal summation of pain were obtained at the forearm and forehead...
August 18, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821540/investigating-undergraduate-students-use-of-intuitive-reasoning-and-evolutionary-knowledge-in-explanations-of-antibiotic-resistance
#12
Melissa Richard, John D Coley, Kimberly D Tanner
Natural selection is a central concept throughout biology; however, it is a process frequently misunderstood. Bacterial resistance to antibiotic medications provides a contextual example of the relevance of evolutionary theory and is also commonly misunderstood. While research has shed light on student misconceptions of natural selection, minimal study has focused on misconceptions of antibiotic resistance. Additionally, research has focused on the degree to which misconceptions may be based in the complexity of biological information or in pedagogical choices, rather than in deep-seated cognitive patterns...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821516/a-retrospective-review-of-paediatric-head-injuries-in-asia-a-pan-asian-trauma-outcomes-study-patos-collaboration
#13
Shu-Ling Chong, Uzma Rahim Khan, Indumathy Santhanam, Jun Seok Seo, Quan Wang, Sabariah Faizah Jamaluddin, Quoc Ai Hoang Trong, Su Yah Chew, Marcus Eng Hock Ong
OBJECTIVE: We aim to examine the mechanisms of head-injured children presenting to participating centres in the Pan Asian Trauma Outcomes Study (PATOS) and to evaluate the association between mechanism of injury and severe outcomes. DESIGN AND SETTING: We performed a retrospective review of medical records among emergency departments (EDs) of eight PATOS centres, from September 2014 - August 2015. PARTICIPANTS: We included children <16 years old who presented within 24 hours of head injury and were admitted for observation or required a computed tomography (CT) of the brain from the ED...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821513/a-prospective-cohort-study-of-hospital-separations-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-australia-2008-2013
#14
Dhanya Nambiar, Mark Stoové, Matthew Hickman, Paul Dietze
OBJECTIVES: Injecting drug use is a persistent behaviour that increases the risk of morbidities and mortality. We assessed the burden of hospital separations among people who inject drugs (PWID), the excess compared to the general population and characteristics of separations associated with frequent use. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: All public and private hospitals in Victoria. PARTICIPANTS: 757 community-based PWID with hospital separations between January 2008 and June 2013 identified through record linkage, who contributed over 3729 person-years...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821502/overweight-and-obese-children-do-not-consult-their-general-practitioner-more-often-than-normal-weight-children-for-musculoskeletal-complaints-during-a-2-year-follow-up
#15
Janneke van Leeuwen, Marienke van Middelkoop, Winifred D Paulis, Herman J Bueving, Patrick J E Bindels, Bart W Koes
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is associated with self-reported musculoskeletal complaints, injuries and fractures. In the current study, we investigated the association between weight status of children and the frequency and type of musculoskeletal consultations at the general practitioner (GP) during a 2-year follow-up. METHODS: Data from a prospective longitudinal cohort study including children aged 2-18 years presenting in general practices in the Netherlands were used...
August 18, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821501/perinatal-outcomes-following-helping-babies-breathe-training-and-regular-peer-peer-skills-practice-among-village-midwives-in-sudan
#16
Ame Arabi, S A Ibrahim, M Abdel-Rahman, M S Abdalla, S E Ahmed, E P Dempsey, C A Ryan
BACKGROUND: Over 80% of deliveries in Sudan occur in rural areas, attended by village midwives (VMWs). OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of Helping Babies Breathe training and regular peer-peer skills practice (HBBT(+RPPSP)) on VMW resuscitation practices and outcomes. METHODS: In a prospective community-based intervention study, 71/82 VMWs, reporting to six East Nile rural medical centres, with previous experience in community health research, consented to HBBT(+RPPSP)...
August 18, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821499/primary-ventricular-tachycardia-in-paediatric-population-in-a-tertiary-centre
#17
Shuenn-Nan Chiu, Wei-Lun Wu, Chun-Wei Lu, Wei-Chieh Tseng, Kun-Lang Wu, Jou-Kou Wang, Mei-Hwan Wu
OBJECTIVE: To delineate the outcome of ventricular tachycardia (VT) in the paediatric population. METHODS: Patients who developed sustained VT between the ages of 0 and 18 years in a referral centre from 1991 to 2015 were enrolled. RESULTS: A total of 116 patients (67 male/49 female) had documented VT, and 53 (46%) had associated heart disease, namely cardiomyopathy in 20 (17%), structural heart disease in 19 (16%) and channelopathy in 14 (12%), and some of them presented with two types of associated heart disease...
August 18, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821486/delayed-risk-stratification-system-in-pt1an0-nx-dtc-patients-treated-without-radioactive-iodine
#18
Danuta Gąsior-Perczak, Iwona Pałyga, Monika Szymonek, Artur Kowalik, Agnieszka Walczyk, Janusz Kopczyński, Katarzyna Lizis-Kolus, Anna Słuszniak, Janusz Słuszniak, Tomasz Łopatyński, Ryszard Mezyk, Stanisław Góźdź, Aldona Kowalska
PURPOSE: A delayed risk stratification (DRS) system by Momesso et al. was accepted by the American Thyroid Association as a diagnostic tool for the risk stratification of unfavorable clinical outcomes and to monitor the clinical outcomes of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) patients treated without radioactive iodine (RAI). The aim of this study was to evaluate the DRS system in patients with pT1aN0/Nx stage . METHODS: The study included 304 low-risk patients after thyroidectomy (n=202) or lobectomy (n=102) without RAI and were treated at a single center...
August 18, 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821456/hyperglycemia-is-associated-with-increased-bone-mineral-density-and-decreased-trabecular-bone-score-in-elderly-japanese-men-the-fujiwara-kyo-osteoporosis-risk-in-men-formen-study
#19
Masayuki Iki, Yuki Fujita, Katsuyasu Kouda, Akiko Yura, Takahiro Tachiki, Junko Tamaki, Renaud Winzenrieth, Yuho Sato, Jong-Seong Moon, Nozomi Okamoto, Norio Kurumatani
PURPOSE: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have an increased fracture risk despite having higher areal bone mineral density (aBMD). This study aimed to clarify the association between glycemic and insulin resistance status and bone microarchitecture, and whether pentosidine and bone turnover markers play any roles in the association. METHODS: A total of 2012 community-dwelling men aged ≥65years completed baseline measurements of spine aBMD, fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and serum insulin, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), osteocalcin, type I procollagen N-terminal propeptide, type I collagen C-terminal crosslinking telopeptide, tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase isoenzyme 5b, pentosidine, height and weight and an interview regarding past disease history...
August 15, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821443/the-effect-of-pelvic-motion-on-spino-pelvic-parameters
#20
Andrew M Hayden, Ann M Hayes, Jennifer L Brechbuhler, Heidi Israel, Howard M Place
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: To date, many studies have examined how pelvic position affects the spinal curvature and spino-pelvic parameters. However, these studies focus on a static relationship, comparing pelvis and spine in a relaxed or baseline position only. Indeed, the spino-pelvic connection is dynamic, as a subject can easily be taught to rotate their pelvis anteriorly or posteriorly on the femoral head, all while maintaining an erect posture. Therefore, for a true understanding of pelvic influence on the spinal column, it is necessary to examine spino-pelvic parameters in multiple pelvic positions within the same subject...
August 15, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
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