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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908523/radiographic-study-of-haematogenous-septic-arthritis-in-dairy-calves
#1
Caroline Constant, Isabelle Masseau, Marie Babkine, Sylvain Nichols, David Francoz, Gilles Fecteau, Emma Marchionatti, Helene Larde, Andre Desrochers
OBJECTIVES:  (1) To develop an evaluation grid to provide a systematic interpretation of calves' articular radiographs, (2) to describe radiographic lesions of septic arthritis in dairy calves less than 6 months of age, (3) to investigate potential associations between demographic data or synovial bacteriological culture results and radiographic lesions (4) to determine whether an association is present between radiographic lesions, their severity and the long-term outcome. METHODS:  Medical records of 54 calves less than 180 days old treated for septic arthritis between 2009 and 2014 with radiographic images performed in the first 2 days after admission were reviewed...
June 16, 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908457/sleep-disorders-among-yusho-patients-highly-intoxicated-with-dioxin-related-compounds-a-140-case-series
#2
Hideaki Kondo, Keiko Tanio, Yuki Nagaura, Mako Nagayoshi, Chikage Mitoma, Masutaka Furue, Takahiro Maeda
PURPOSE: Patients with Yusho, a condition caused by exposure to dioxins and dioxin-like compounds, have diverse mental and physical complaints. However, the relationship between dioxins and sleep disorders has not yet been examined. This cross-sectional study was designed to investigate problems associated with sleep among patients with Yusho. METHODS: A total of 140 participants (52.9% men, average age: 67.1 ± 12.2 years) were examined using questionnaires and medical interviews by an expert on sleep medicine...
June 13, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908433/a-retrospective-analysis-of-the-association-between-providing-nicotine-replacement-therapy-at-admission-and-motivation-to-quit-and-nicotine-withdrawal-symptoms-during-an-inpatient-psychiatric-hospitalization
#3
Chizimuzo T C Okoli, Yazan D Al-Mrayat, Charles I Shelton, Milan Khara
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric patients have high tobacco use prevalence, dependence, and withdrawal severity. A tobacco-free psychiatric hospitalization necessitates the management of nicotine withdrawal (NW) for tobacco using patients. NW management often requires the provision of approved nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) to patients, which may also motivate tobacco users towards cessation. However, few studies have examined the associations between providing NRT, motivation to quit, and NW among psychiatric patients...
June 7, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908386/anxiety-is-common-and-independently-associated-with-clinical-features-of-epilepsy
#4
Heidi M Munger Clary, Beverly M Snively, Marla J Hamberger
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess for independent association of anxiety symptoms with epilepsy localization and other epilepsy-related and demographic factors in a large tertiary care adult epilepsy population. METHODS: Among 540 adults, anxiety was measured by the Symptom Checklist 90-R (SCL-90R) anxiety subscale, and detailed demographics, epilepsy localization, and depression scores (SCL-90R) were collected. High anxiety was defined by SCL-90R anxiety T-score ≥ 60...
June 13, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908307/caga-and-vaca-allelic-combination-of-helicobacter-pylori-in-gastroduodenal-disorders
#5
Farajzadah Sheikh Ahmad, Mohammad Jaafar Yadyad, Hamed Goodarzi, Seyed Jalal Hashemi, Sajad Aslani, Mohammad-Ali Assarzadegan, Reza Ranjbar
BACKGROUND: Allelic variation of the virulence genes, vacA and cagA, as the most important virulence associated genes play an important role in the pathogenesis of severe gastrointestinal disease. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to identify the diversity of the virulence genes in patients with Gastric Cancer (GC), who were referred to the gastro-endoscopy unit of Imam Khomeini Hospital, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of medical science, Ahvaz, Iran. METHODS: Gastric biopsy specimens from 301 patients suspected to gastrointestinal disorders, were analyzed for H...
June 13, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908198/in-hospital-delays-result-in-worse-patient-outcomes-and-higher-cost-after-cardiac-surgery
#6
Diane R M Somlo, Nelson P Repenning, Abeel A Mangi
BACKGROUND: Contemporary reimbursement systems allow hospitals to maintain profitability by offering procedural services. However, increasing procedural volume can be met with structural inefficiencies that in turn cause delays, worse patient outcomes, and increased cost. METHODS: A multidisciplinary team assessed operations and outcomes at the Heart and Vascular Center at Yale New Haven Hospital, a tertiary academic medical center. Data were analyzed retrospectively to assess delays in transferring patients between care environments, patient outcomes, and cost...
June 13, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908137/personality-high-risk-behaviors-and-elevated-risk-of-unintentional-deaths-related-to-drug-poisoning-among-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury
#7
James S Krause, Yue Cao, Nicole D DiPiro, Emma Cuddy
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk and protective factors for unintentional death related to drug poisoning from prescription medications, including opioid-related deaths, and death due to all other causes among participants with spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Large specialty hospital in the Southeastern United States. PARTICIPANTS: Two cohorts of SCI participants, totaling 3070 adults (>18 years old) with chronic (>1 year) traumatic SCI...
June 13, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908131/low-body-mass-index-is-a-risk-factor-for-hyperkalaemia-associated-with-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitors-and-angiotensin-ii-receptor-blockers-treatments
#8
T Hirai, R Yamaga, A Fujita, T Itoh
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARB) represent the cornerstones of hypertension and congestive heart failure treatment. Risk factors for hyperkalaemia associated with ACEI and ARB are chronic kidney disease and concomitant medications which increase serum potassium level. Body mass index (BMI) also affects pharmacokinetics of ACEI and ARB and potassium disposition. We evaluated the relationship between BMI and hyperkalaemia associated with ACEI and ARB treatments...
June 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908039/no-neurodevelopmental-benefit-of-cerebral-oximetry-in-the-first-randomised-trial-in-preterm-infants-during-the-first-days-of-life-safeboosc-ii
#9
Anne M Plomgaard, Thomas Alderliesten, Frank van Bel, Manon Benders, Olivier Claris, Malaika Cordeiro, Eugene Dempsey, Monica Fumagalli, Christian Gluud, Simon Hyttel-Sorensen, Petra Lemmers, Adelina Pellicer, Gerhard Pichler, Gorm Greisen
AIM: Cerebral hypoxia has been associated with neurodevelopmental impairment. We studied whether reducing cerebral hypoxia in extremely preterm infants during the first 72 hours of life affected neurological outcomes at two years of corrected age. METHODS: In 2012-2013 the phase II randomised Safeguarding the Brains of our Smallest Children trial compared visible cerebral near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) monitoring in an intervention group and blinded NIRS monitoring in a control group...
June 16, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908023/prevalence-of-and-attitudes-to-waterpipe-smoking-among-saudi-arabian-physicians
#10
Mohammed Al Ghobain, Anwar Ahmed, Zynab Abdrabalnabi, Wjdan Mutairi, Ali Al Khathaami
Background: Tobacco smoking kills more than 5 million people annually and it is the most important cause of preventable death. Waterpipe smoking is common in the Middle East and is prevalent among young people. There is a misconception that it is less harmful than cigarette smoking. Physicians are considered role models in the community and their behaviours and attitudes towards smoking can have direct effects on cessation. Aim: The aim of this study was to estimate current prevalence, attitudes and associated factors in regard to waterpipe smoking among Saudi Arabian physicians...
June 10, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907917/neurologic-consequences-of-preterm-birth
#11
REVIEW
Margie A Ream, Lenora Lehwald
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Preterm birth is the leading cause of death worldwide in children < 5 years of age; however, technology and advances in medical knowledge are increasing the survival of children born even at the fringes of viability. With increased survival comes increased risk of long-term neurologic impairments. This paper aims to review recent findings related to changes in brain development associated with prematurity and its impact on neurodevelopmental disabilities. RECENT FINDINGS: Advanced imaging techniques, longitudinal follow-up of individuals born extremely preterm into adulthood and improved understanding of risk factors associated with neurologic impairment contribute to recent discoveries...
June 16, 2018: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907798/congenital-hyperinsulinism-as-the-presenting-feature-of-kabuki-syndrome-clinical-and-molecular-characterization-of-10-affected-individuals
#12
Kai Lee Yap, Amy E Knight Johnson, David Fischer, Priscilla Kandikatla, Jacea Deml, Viswateja Nelakuditi, Sara Halbach, George S Jeha, Lindsay C Burrage, Olaf Bodamer, Valeria C Benavides, Andrea M Lewis, Sian Ellard, Pratik Shah, Declan Cody, Alejandro Diaz, Aishwarya Devarajan, Lisa Truong, Siri Atma W Greeley, Diva D De Leó-Crutchlow, Andrew C Edmondson, Soma Das, Paul Thornton, Darrel Waggoner, Daniela Del Gaudio
PURPOSE: Describe the clinical and molecular findings of patients with Kabuki syndrome (KS) who present with hypoglycemia due to congenital hyperinsulinism (HI), and assess the incidence of KS in patients with HI. METHODS: We documented the clinical features and molecular diagnoses of 10 infants with persistent HI and KS via a combination of sequencing and copy-number profiling methodologies. Subsequently, we retrospectively evaluated 100 infants with HI lacking a genetic diagnosis, for causative variants in KS genes...
June 15, 2018: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907668/longterm-outcomes-of-188-japanese-patients-with-eosinophilic-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis
#13
Aiko Saku, Shunsuke Furuta, Masaki Hiraguri, Kei Ikeda, Yoshihisa Kobayashi, Shin-Ichiro Kagami, Kazuhiro Kurasawa, Ryutaro Matsumura, Daiki Nakagomi, Takao Sugiyama, Takeshi Umibe, Norihiko Watanabe, Hiroshi Nakajima
OBJECTIVE: Patients with eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA) frequently experience relapses, which lead to cumulative organ damage. In this retrospective observational study, we aimed to reveal the risk factors for relapse in EGPA. METHODS: A total of 188 Japanese patients with EGPA diagnosed between 1996 and 2015 were identified from medical records in 10 hospitals. The diagnosis was based on the American College of Rheumatology 1990 criteria or Lanham's criteria...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907630/clinical-features-of-paediatric-uveitis-at-a-tertiary-referral-centre-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-sp-brazil
#14
Fernanda Maria Silveira Souto, Bárbara Vilela Giampietro, Julia Thiemi Takiuti, Lucia Maria Arruda Campos, Carlos Eduardo Hirata, Joyce Hisae Yamamoto
AIMS: To analyse the clinical features, systemic associations, treatment and visual outcomes of uveitis in children from a referral centre in São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: Clinical records of patients under 16 years old who attended the Uveitis Service, Hospital das Clinicas, Faculdadede Medicina, Universidade de São PauloFMUSP, between April and September 2017, were reviewed retrospectively. Patients with incomplete medical records, previous ocular trauma, or less than six6 months of follow-up were excluded...
June 15, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907621/heroin-use-is-associated-with-aa-type-kidney-amyloidosis-in-the-pacific-northwest
#15
Arjun Sharma, Priyanka Govindan, Mirna Toukatly, Jack Healy, Connor Henry, Steve Senter, Behzad Najafian, Bryan Kestenbaum
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: AA-type kidney amyloidosis is classically associated with chronic autoimmune or inflammatory disorders. However, some urban centers have reported a high prevalence of injection drug use among patients with kidney AA amyloidosis. Previous reports lack control groups to quantify associations and most predate the opioid epidemic in the United States. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We conducted a case-control study of 38 patients with biopsy-confirmed kidney AA amyloidosis and 72 matched control individuals without this condition from two large hospital systems in Seattle, Washington...
June 15, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907560/validation-of-a-natural-language-processing-algorithm-for-detecting-infectious-disease-symptoms-in-primary-care-electronic-medical-records-in-singapore
#16
Antony Hardjojo, Arunan Gunachandran, Long Pang, Mohammed Ridzwan Bin Abdullah, Win Wah, Joash Wen Chen Chong, Ee Hui Goh, Sok Huang Teo, Gilbert Lim, Mong Li Lee, Wynne Hsu, Vernon Lee, Mark I-Cheng Chen, Franco Wong, Jonathan Siung King Phang
BACKGROUND: Free-text clinical records provide a source of information that complements traditional disease surveillance. To electronically harness these records, they need to be transformed into codified fields by natural language processing algorithms. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop, train, and validate Clinical History Extractor for Syndromic Surveillance (CHESS), an natural language processing algorithm to extract clinical information from free-text primary care records...
June 11, 2018: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907557/effective-behavioral-changes-through-a-digital-mhealth-app-exploring-the-impact-of-hedonic-well-being-psychological-empowerment-and-inspiration
#17
Yuting Lin, Carina Tudor-Sfetea, Sarim Siddiqui, Yusuf Sherwani, Maroof Ahmed, Andreas B Eisingerich
BACKGROUND: New mobile health (mHealth) software apps are emerging and are providing the foundation to radically transform the practice and reach of medical research and care. For this study we collaborated with Quit Genius, a cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) based mHealth app that helps users quit smoking, to explore the effective design of a digital mHealth app; one that delivers important benefits to its users and helps them change their behaviors for a healthier lifestyle. OBJECTIVE: The specific aims of this study were to (1) explore the key role of CBT program progress, (2) examine the gamification design app elements that deliver significant benefits (ie, empowerment, well-being, inspiration) to users, (3) explore the effectiveness of these app elements to help users quit smoking or reduce the number of cigarettes smoked, and (4) identify and describe any potential drivers and hindrances arising from the app design elements...
June 15, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907532/relationship-between-medication-synchronization-and-antiretroviral-adherence
#18
Emily Ghassemi, Jennifer Smith, Laura Owens, Charles Herring, Melissa Holland
OBJECTIVES: To compare antiretroviral adherence (measured as the proportion of days covered [PDC]) and change in viral load in insured, HIV-infected, adult outpatients enrolled and not enrolled in a medication synchronization program. METHODS: This was a multicenter, retrospective, pilot cohort study. Fifty-eight insured, HIV-infected, outpatients at least 18 years of age receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) for at least 3 months as of August 2015 were included...
June 12, 2018: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907507/nrg-oncology-medical-physicists-manpower-survey-quantifying-support-demands-for-multi-institutional-clinical-trials
#19
James I Monroe, Karan Boparai, Ying Xiao, David Followill, James M Galvin, Eric E Klein, Daniel A Low, Jean M Moran, Haoyu Zhong, Jason W Sohn
PURPOSE: A survey was created by NRG to assess a medical physicists' percent full time equivalent (FTE) contribution to multi-institutional clinical trials. A 2012 American Society for Radiation Oncology report, "Safety Is No Accident," quantified medical physics staffing contributions in FTE factors for clinical departments. No quantification of FTE effort associated with clinical trials was included. METHODS: To address this lack of information, the NRG Medical Physics Subcommittee decided to obtain manpower data from the medical physics community to quantify the amount of time medical physicists spent supporting clinical trials...
February 4, 2018: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907449/high-risk-staphylococcus-aureus-transmission-in-the-operating-room-a-call-for-widespread-improvements-in-perioperative-hand-hygiene-and-patient-decolonization-practices
#20
Randy W Loftus, Franklin Dexter, Alysha D M Robinson
BACKGROUND: Increased awareness of the epidemiology of transmission of pathogenic bacterial strain characteristics may help to improve compliance with intraoperative infection control measures. Our aim was to characterize the epidemiology of intraoperative transmission of high-risk Staphylococcus aureus sequence types (STs). METHODS: S aureus isolates collected from 3 academic medical centers underwent whole cell genome analysis, analytical profile indexing, and biofilm absorbance...
June 12, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
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