Read by QxMD icon Read

Barium enema

Mehran Peyvasteh, Shahnam Askarpour, Nasrollah Ostadian, Mohammad-Reza Moghimi, Hazhir Javaherizadeh
Background: Hirschsprung's disease is the most common cause of pediatric intestinal obstruction. Contrast enema is used for evaluation of the patients with its diagnosis. Aim: To evaluate sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of radiologic findings for diagnosis of Hirschsprung in patients underwent barium enema. Methods: This cross sectional study was carried out in Imam Khomeini Hospital for one year starting from 2012, April...
July 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
Andrew Mitchell, Alexandre Dugas
BACKGROUND: Perforation of the colon occurring during or shortly following colonoscopy or barium enema is a rare complication of collagenous colitis (CC). "Spontaneous" perforation in CC, in which no instigating factor is identified, is even less common, with only five cases reported to date. We report herein an additional case of spontaneous perforation in previously undiagnosed CC and review the clinical and pathological features of previously reported cases. CASE PRESENTATION: An 80 year old woman presented to the emergency department with abdominal pain preceded by approximately one month of frequent non-bloody diarrhea...
October 6, 2016: BMC Gastroenterology
Takeshi Nishikawa, Soichiro Ishihara, Tetsuo Ushiku, Keisuke Hata, Kazuhito Sasaki, Koji Murono, Koji Yasuda, Kensuke Otani, Toshiaki Tanaka, Tomomichi Kiyomatsu, Kazushige Kawai, Hiroaki Nozawa, Toshiaki Watanabe
The metastasis of rectal cancer to the anus is rare. Here, we report a case of advanced rectal cancer, which had a diffuse venous invasion with anal metastasis and multiple lymph node and liver metastases. The patient was a 72-year-old woman who complained of perianal pain and fresh blood in the stools for 6 months. She had neither history of fistula-in-ano nor anal surgery. Digital examination revealed a 2-cm tumor at the 7 o'clock position, and the barium enema and colonoscopy confirmed advanced rectal cancer...
October 1, 2016: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
Zhenhua Yu, Qi Liu, Zhigang Xiao, Dan Li, Xing Huang, Zhongcheng Huang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the application value of colonic transit test (CTT) combined with anorectal manometry (ARM), barium enema (BE) and defecography (DFG) in accurately evaluating colonic lesions of slow transit constipation complicated with adult megacolon. METHODS: Clinical data of 47 above patients admitted between October 2007 and February 2015 in the People's Hospital of Hunan Province were analyzed retrospectively. All the patients were examined with≥2 times of CTT combined with ARM and BE, and 42 cases received additional DFG at the same time, to evaluate colonic lesions before operation...
September 25, 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Jaroslaw Regula
Associations between diverticular disease of the colon and the colorectal cancer has been studied for >60 years. Observational, cross-sectional, and case-control studies as well as large population-based studies gave conflicting results and association was not fully proven. Obtaining the proof was difficult because both diseases share similar clinical characteristics, both increase with age, and both involve similar dietary factors. Long-term observations are difficult as diagnostic methods changed over time from barium enema 50 to 60 years ago, through endoscopy, up to CT and MR in recent years...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Xuyong Chen, Hongyi Zhang, Ning Li, Jiexiong Feng
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to investigate the pathological changes which occur in interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs) and ganglion cells found in segments of resected bowel obtained from patients with Hirschsprung's disease (HD), as well as to explore the benefits of using a contrast enema (CE) with 24-h delayed X-ray films to predict the length of resected bowel. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 58 children with HD who had undergone the pull-through procedure...
November 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
Sergey V Minaev, Igor V Kirgizov, Aleksander Gladkyy, Ilya Shishkin, Igor Gerasimenko
BACKGROUND: Operative correction of anorectal malformations (ARMs) remains a challenge in pediatric surgery. The study aimed to evaluate the outcomes of laparoscopic treatment of ARM in children. METHODS: From 2007 to 2014, we performed 104 laparoscopic-assisted anorectal pull-through procedures in children with a mean age of 11.3 ± 0.4 months and ARMs. Clinical assessment, surgical durations, complications, and postoperative outcome were investigated. RESULTS: The mean duration of the operation was 126...
August 23, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
Bin Quan, Qiyi Chen, Jun Jiang, Ling Ni, Rongrong Tang, Yu Huang, Yifang Shi, Ning Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the safety, efficacy and long-term outcomes of Jinling procedure in the treatment of adult Hirschsprung disease. METHODS: Clinical and follow-up data of 125 patients with adult Hirschsprung disease undergoing Jinling procedure at the Department of General Surgery between January 2000 and January 2013 were summarized. All the patients were diagnosed by CT, barium enema, anorectal pressure detection and pathology examination. Abdominal symptoms, gastrointestinal quality of life index(GIQLI, the lower score, the worse quality of life), Wexner constipation score (higher score indicated worse symptom), defecography (evaluation included rectocele, mucosal prolapse, intramucosal intussusception, perineal prolapse) and other operative complications were compared before and after operation...
July 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Mario C Vieira, Isadora Carolina Krueger Negrelle, Karla Ulaf Webber, Marjorie Gosdal, Sabine Krüger Truppel, Solena Ziemer Kusma
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the pediatrician's knowledge regarding the diagnostic and therapeutic approach of childhood functional constipation. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was performed with the application of a self-administered questionnaire concerning a hypothetical clinical case of childhood functional constipation with fecal incontinence to physicians (n=297) randomly interviewed at the 36th Brazilian Congress of Pediatrics in 2013. RESULTS: The majority of the participants were females, the mean age was 44...
June 17, 2016: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
Fanghai Han, Hongming Li
Prevention of intraoperative incidental injuries during radical operation for rectal cancer and management of postoperative complication are associated with successful operation and prognosis of patients. This paper discusses how to prevent such intraoperative incidental injuries and how to manage postoperative complication. (1) Accurate clinical evaluation should be performed before operation and reasonable treatment decision should be made, including determination of the distance from transection to lower margin of the tumor, T and M staging evaluated by MRI, fascia invasion of mesorectum, metastasis of lateral lymph nodes, metastatic station of mesentery lymph node, association between levator ani muscle and anal sphincter, course and length of sigmoid observed by Barium enema, length assessment of pull-through bowel...
June 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
J E Ngaile, P K Msaki, R R Kazema, L J Schreiner
The aim of this study was to investigate the nature and causes of radiation dose imparted to patients undergoing barium-based X-ray fluoroscopy procedures in Tanzania and to compare these doses to those reported in the literature from other regions worldwide. The air kerma area product (KAP) to patient undergoing barium investigations of gastrointestinal tract system was obtained from four consultant hospitals. The KAP was determined using a flat transparent transmission ionization chamber. Mean values of KAP for barium swallow (BS), barium meal (BM) and barium enema (BE) were 2...
June 16, 2016: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
Giovanni Bibbo, Debbie Balman, Rebecca Linke
INTRODUCTION: Diagnostic reference levels (DRL) of procedures involving ionising radiation are important tools for optimising radiation doses delivered to patients and to identify cases where the levels of dose are unusually high. This is particularly important for paediatric patients undergoing fluoroscopic examinations as these examinations can be associated with a high radiation dose. In this study, a large amount of paediatric fluoroscopic data has been analysed to: establish local DRL, identify the most significant factors determining radiation dose to patients, and modify fluoroscopic techniques to optimise the examination protocols...
August 2016: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
Oleksii Slepov, Sergii Kurinnyi, Oleksii Ponomarenko, Mikhailo Migur
BACKGROUND: Due to scarcity of congenital diaphragmatic hearnias of Morgagni (CDHM), non-specific clinical presentation in the pediatric age group, we aimed to investigate the incidence, clinical manifestations, anatomical characteristics, and develop diagnostic algorithm and treatment of CDHM in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The patients' records of children with CDHM treated in our hospital during past 20 years were retrospectively reviewed for the age at diagnosis, gender, clinical findings, anatomical features, operative details and outcome...
April 2016: African Journal of Paediatric Surgery: AJPS
Piero Boraschi, Francescamaria Donati
PURPOSE: To assess the usefulness of MR colonography (MRC) with a fecal tagging technique and water-based enema in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-two patients with suspected or known IBD underwent MRC with a 1.5-T MR system (Siemens Symphony) using a phased-array coil. A fecal tagging technique was performed by oral administration of dense barium sulfate (200 ml) at major meals starting 2 days before the MRI. After a water enema (2000-2500 ml), the MR protocol was carried out, starting with HASTE and true-FISP sequences...
August 2016: Japanese Journal of Radiology
S Zhu, G Yao, S Halligan, W Atkin, E Dadswell, K Wooldrage, R J Lilford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2014: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
Saurabh S Patil, Vaibhav R Shah, Vivek A Choudhary
Retroperitoneal lipomatosis is a rare but distinct clinicopathological entity characterized by non encapsulated lipoma development in the retroperitoneum. Presenting complaints in the early stages are vague, and patients with retroperitoneal lipomatosis are often misdiagnosed because considerable abnormality is not detected by abdomino-pelvic sonography. However, because of the progressive nature of this lesion, most patients eventually present with varying degrees of urinary outflow obstruction and end stage renal disease, or bladder malignancies in few cases...
April 2016: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
Ryuichiro Suda, Tsuyoshi Takaya, Yu Sato, Toru Igari, Hideaki Yano
A 65-year-old woman presented to a nearby clinic with a painful mass in the right lower abdominal region. She was suspected of having an appendiceal tumor on abdominal computed tomography (CT) and was referred to our hospital for surgery. Blood testing revealed increased inflammatory markers. Contrast-enhanced abdominal CT revealed a mass with poorly defined margins in the ileocecal region, which was adjacent to the external iliac vessels. A barium enema revealed unilateral wall deformities in the cecum through to the terminal ileum, whereas lower gastrointestinal endoscopy showed no clear epithelial tumor component...
May 2016: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
Moisés Marino Ramírez-Ramírez, Eduardo Villanueva-Sáenz, Gustavo Ramírez-Wiella-Schwuchow
BACKGROUND: Caecal volvulus is an uncommon cause of intestinal obstruction. Its clinical presentation is non-specific, with the diagnosis usually confirmed by barium enema and abdominal computed tomography. Treatment depends on many factors, and minimally invasive approaches are becoming the treatment of choice. CLINIC CASE: A 54 years old female, admitted to the Emergency Department with clinical symptoms of intestinal obstruction. On physical examination she had a palpable, firm, and tympanitic mass in the right abdomen, with peritoneal irritation...
April 28, 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
Cigdem Devir, Mahmut Kebapci, Tuncer Temel, Aysegul Ozakyol
BACKGROUND: Colon cancer is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in developed countries. The early detection of colorectal cancer using screening programs is important for managing early-stage colorectal cancers and polyps. Modalities that allow examination of the entire colon are conventional colonoscopy, double contrast barium enema examination and multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) colonography. OBJECTIVES: To compare CT colonography and conventional colonoscopy results and to evaluate the accuracy of CT colonography for detecting colorectal lesions...
January 2016: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
Courtney C Moreno, Jennifer Hemingway, Aileen C Johnson, Danny R Hughes, Pardeep K Mittal, Richard Duszak
PURPOSE: To assess changing utilization patterns of abdominal imaging in the Medicare fee-for-service population over the past two decades. METHODS: Medicare Physician Supplier Procedure Summary master files from 1994 through 2012 were used to study changes in the frequency and utilization rates (per 1,000 Medicare beneficiaries per year) of abdominal CT, MRI, ultrasound, and radiography. RESULTS: In Medicare beneficiaries, the most frequently performed abdominal imaging modality changed from radiography in 1994 (207...
August 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"