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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335262/nanomaterials-for-tissue-engineering-in-dentistry
#1
REVIEW
Manila Chieruzzi, Stefano Pagano, Silvia Moretti, Roberto Pinna, Egle Milia, Luigi Torre, Stefano Eramo
The tissue engineering (TE) of dental oral tissue is facing significant changes in clinical treatments in dentistry. TE is based on a stem cell, signaling molecule, and scaffold triad that must be known and calibrated with attention to specific sectors in dentistry. This review article shows a summary of micro- and nanomorphological characteristics of dental tissues, of stem cells available in the oral region, of signaling molecules usable in TE, and of scaffolds available to guide partial or total reconstruction of hard, soft, periodontal, and bone tissues...
July 21, 2016: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332922/abstracts-and-talks-from-the-world-federation-for-laser-dentistry-asia-pacific-division-laser-symposium-in-conjunction-with-the-55-th-iranian-dental-association-ida-congress-may-12-15-2015-tehran-iran
#2
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332340/are-dental-students-ready-for-supercomplex-dental-practice
#3
D Leadbeatter, C Peck
Contemporary dental practice requires practitioners who are able to draw upon varying interconnected knowledge and skills, in order to make judgments and take action when faced with multiple, often contradictory, ways of interpreting a situation. However, the curricula that prepare students for dental practice are traditionally based on the theoretical knowledge and technical skills to be gained by students. This is despite evidence in the dental literature of a collective desire for graduates to have more range and depth in their repertoire...
March 23, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332206/contract-care-in-dentistry-sense-making-of-the-concept-and-in-practice-when-multiple-institutional-logics-are-at-play
#4
Ylva Ulfsdotter Eriksson, Karin Berg, Ulla Wide Boman, Magnus Hakeberg
In 2009 contract dental care was introduced into Sweden's Public Dental Service under a programme called Dental Care for Health (DCH). Previous research has revealed a possible dilemma whereby dental care professionals had the role of insurance agent foisted upon them, as they were assigned the task of 'selling contracts'. Using qualitative interviews, this study explores how these professionals make sense of contract dental care today. Drawing on the concepts of occupational and organisational professionalism, in combination with the institutional logics perspective, we discern that dental care professionals are entangled in multiple rationalities when reasoning about and dealing with DCH...
March 23, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330575/clinical-management-of-the-homozygous-%C3%AE-thalassemia-with-unusual-mandibular-manifestation-of-hematopoiesis
#5
J A Ruiz-Roca, R E Oñate-Sánchez, I Urrutia-Rodríguez, A Martínez-Izquierdo, D Mengual-Pujante, F J Rodríguez-Lozano
Alpha (α)-thalassemias are the most common genetic disorder of hemoglobin (Hb) synthesis, affecting up to 5% of the world's population. These congenital hemolytic anemias induce extramedullary hematopoiesis, including the liver, spleen, sinuses, and the diploic spaces of the skull. Oral health problems in patients with thalassemias are mostly related to a varied degree of facial deformities, malocclusions, and/or dental arch dimensions. We present a case with a 49-year-old man, diagnosed with homozygous α thalassemia that came to the Faculty of Dentistry at the University of Murcia for a dental treatment...
February 2017: J Stomatol Oral Maxillofac Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326723/-current-dental-implant-design-and-its-clinical-importance
#6
Lin Ye
The development of clinical implant dentistry was intensively affected by dental implant design improvement and innovation, which brought about new concept, even milestone-like changes of clinical protocol. The current improvements of dental implant design and their clinical importance could be highlighted as followings: 1) The implant apical design influences the implant preliminary stability in immediate implant. The apical 3-5 mm design of implant makes implant stable in immediate implant, because this part would be screwed into alveolar bone through fresh socket, the other part of implant could not be tightly screwed in the socket because of smaller implant diameter...
February 1, 2017: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326721/-difficulty-influence-factors-of-dental-caries-clinical-treatment
#7
Zhou Xuedong, Ling Junqi, Liang Jingping, Li Jiyao, Cheng Lei, Yu Qing, Niu Yumei, Guo Bin, Chen Hui
Dental caries is a major disease that threaten human's oral healthy severely with the characteristics of high incidence, low rate of treatment and high rate of retreatment. At present, restorative treatment remains the main method for caries treatment. With the development of the Minimally Invasive Cosmetic Dentistry (MICD), reasonable application of various treatment technologies, maximum preservation of tooth tissues and realizing the maximization of treatment effects become problems that call for immediate solution in dental clinics...
February 1, 2017: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325532/effectiveness-of-binaural-beats-in-reducing-preoperative-dental-anxiety
#8
B K Isik, A Esen, B Büyükerkmen, A Kilinç, D Menziletoglu
Binaural beats are an auditory illusion perceived when two different pure-tone sine waves are presented one to each ear at a steady intensity and frequency. We evaluated their effectiveness in reducing preoperative anxiety in dentistry. Sixty patients (30 in each group) who were to have impacted third molars removed were studied (experimental group: 20 women and 10 men, mean (range) age 24 (18-35) years, and control group: 22 women and 8 men, mean (range) age 28 (15-47) years). All patients were fully informed about the operation preoperatively, and their anxiety recorded on a visual analogue scale (VAS)...
March 18, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318153/-dental-alveolar-bone-and-dental-arch-remodeling-in-children-orthodontic-diagnosis-and-treatments-based-on-individual-child-arch-development
#9
Li Xiaobing
The etiology of malocclusions basically involves both congenital and environmental factors. Malocclusion is the result of the abnormal development of the orofacial complex (including tooth, dental alveolar bone, upper and lower jaws). Early orthodontic interceptive treatments involve the elimination of all congenital and environmental factors that contribute to the malformation of the orofacial complex, as well as interrupt the deviated development of the orofacial complex and the occlusion. Early orthodontic interceptive treatments mainly aim to use children's growth potential to correct abnormal developments of occlusions and orthodontically treat malocclusions more efficiently...
December 1, 2016: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317829/-modern-approaches-to-dental-implants-placement-in-deficient-alveolar-bone
#10
A A Kulakov, R Sh Gvetadze, T V Brailovskaya, A A Khar'kova, L S Dzikovitskaya
The paper presents statistical data on implant placement procedures in Central Research Institute of Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery (Moscow, Russia) in 2010-2015. In 64% of cases inadequate bone volume was attributed to alveolar bone atrophy. Bone deficiency was equally often in upper and lower jaws (in 49.3 and 50.7%, correspondently) but varied in forms with complex configurations to be more specific for maxilla. The study also includes a series of clinical cases illustrating implant placement procedures in anatomically unfavorable settings...
2017: Stomatologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317569/oral-fungal-infections-diagnosis-and-management
#11
REVIEW
David R Telles, Niraj Karki, Michael W Marshall
Oral and maxillofacial fungal infections can appear in high-risk patients, including those immunocompromised. This article explores common oral manifestations of fungal infections in the oral cavity as primary lesions or as a result of disseminated disease. By far the most common oral fungal infection experienced in dentistry is oral candidiasis, which is reviewed in depth from simple oral infections to invasive candidiasis. The review aids the dental practitioner in understanding the full scope of Candida infections and other fungal infections...
April 2017: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316922/miracle-cells-for-natural-dentistry-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Rani Somani, Shipra Jaidka, Neeti Bajaj, Sameksha Arora
Stem cells are undifferentiated cells that can differentiate into specialized cells. Recently, enormous growth has been seen in the recognition of stem cell-based therapies, which have the potential to ameliorate the life of patients with conditions that span from Parkinson's disease to cardiac ischemia to bone or tooth loss. This research has produced new but unexplored possibilities in the regeneration of different organs and tissues. Presently, research is focused on the proficiency of stem cells and their utilization in dentistry, which is gaining interest...
January 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314941/neuropeptide-expression-and-morphometric-differences-in-crushed-alveolar-inferior-nerve-of-rats-effects-of-photobiomodulation
#13
Daniel Oliveira Martins, Fabio Martinez Dos Santos, Adriano Polican Ciena, Ii-Sei Watanabe, Luiz Roberto G de Britto, José Benedito Dias Lemos, Marucia Chacur
Inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) injuries may occur during various dental routine procedures, especially in the removal of impacted lower third molars, and nerve recovery in these cases is a great challenge in dentistry. Here, the IAN crush injury model was used to assess the efficacy of photobiomodulation (PBM) in the recovery of the IAN in rats following crushing injury (a partial lesion). Rats were divided into four experimental groups: without any procedure, IAN crush injury, and IAN crush injury with PBM and sham group with PBM...
March 17, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301026/characterization-of-conventional-and-high-translucency-y-tzp-dental-ceramics-submitted-to-air-abrasion
#14
Bhenya Ottoni Tostes, Renato Bastos Guimarães, Jaime Dutra Noronha-Filho, Glauco Dos Santos Botelho, José Guilherme Antunes Guimarães, Eduardo Moreira da Silva
This study evaluated the effect of air-abrasion on t®m phase transformation, roughness, topography and the elemental composition of three Y-TZP (Yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystal) dental ceramics: two conventional (Lava Frame and IPS ZirCad) and one with high-translucency (Lava Plus). Plates obtained from sintered blocks of each ceramic were divided into four groups: AS (as-sintered); 30 (air-abrasion with 30 mm Si-coated Al2O3 particles); 50 (air-abrasion with 50 mm Al2O3 particles) and 150 (air-abrasion with 150 mm Al2O3 particles)...
January 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301011/research-reporting-guidelines-in-dentistry-a-survey-of-editors
#15
Rafael Sarkis-Onofre, Maximiliano Sérgio Cenci, David Moher, Tatiana Pereira-Cenci
The use of reporting guidelines has an important role in the development of health research, improving the quality and precision of the publications. This study evaluated how dental journals use reporting guidelines. All editors of dental journals registered on the 2013 Journal Citation Reports list (n=81) were invited to participate. The data were collected by a self-reported web-based questionnaire. Information about the profile of journal/editor and on the use of reporting guidelines by journals was gathered...
January 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300045/-nature-cures-an-alternative-herbal-formulation-as-a-denture-cleanser
#16
R Sushma, Tanuja Tanaji Sathe, Anand Farias, Pronob Kumar Sanyal, Shashi Kiran
BACKGROUND: Candida albicans is one of the microorganisms which harbor the oral cavity, especially in elderly. However, the incidence of existence of this increases in patients using removable dental prosthesis. There is therefore a need to test the anticandidal efficacy of these cost-effective, easily available products to be used as routine denture cleansers. AIM AND OBJECTIVES: (1) To evaluate antifungal properties of triphala churna on the heat cure denture base material...
January 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293677/the-reliability-and-predictive-validity-of-a-sixth-semester-ospe-in-conservative-dentistry-regarding-performance-on-the-state-examination
#17
Petkov Petko, Katja Knuth-Herzig, Sebastian Hoefer, Sebastian Stehle, Sonja Scherer, Björn Steffen, Stephan Scherzer, Falk Ochsendorf, Holger Horz, Robert Sader, Susanne Gerhardt-Szép
Introduction: The aim of this study was to ascertain whether the testing format of an OSPE (Objective Structured Practical Examination) in conservative dentistry (sixth semester) predicts the scores on the practical section of the state examination (11(th) semester) in the same subject. Taking general student profiles into consideration (score on the school-leaving exam [Abitur], score on the preliminary exam in dental medicine [Physikum], length of university study, cohorts, and sex), we also investigated if any correlations or differences exist in regard to the total and partial scores on the OSPE and the corresponding state examination...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293129/pain-experience-and-behavior-management-in-pediatric-dentistry-a-comparison-between-traditional-local-anesthesia-and-the-wand-computerized-delivery-system
#18
Annelyse Garret-Bernardin, Tiziana Cantile, Vincenzo D'Antò, Alexandros Galanakis, Gabriel Fauxpoint, Gianmaria Fabrizio Ferrazzano, Sara De Rosa, Giulia Vallogini, Umberto Romeo, Angela Galeotti
Aim. To evaluate the pain experience and behavior during dental injection, using the Wand computerized delivery system versus conventional local anesthesia in children and adolescents. Methods. An observational crossover split mouth study was performed on 67 patients (aged 7 to 15 years), requiring local anesthesia for dental treatments in both sides of the dental arch. Patients received both types of injections in two separate appointments, one with the use of a Computer Delivery System (the Wand STA system) and one with the traditional syringe...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292344/an-analysis-of-pediatric-dentistry-residents-productivity-in-the-operating-room
#19
Oscar Arevalo, Daniel M Saman, Rosie Roldan, Andre Ballard, Adi Suta, Gabriel Brocha
PURPOSE: To analyze productivity of pediatric dental residents (PDRs) in the operating room (OR) and to determine predictors of case length. METHODS: Service-mix for OR cases completed between 2010 and 2013 were converted to relative value units (RVUs). Additional information, including patients' age, gender, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) status, number of teeth, and operation time was retrieved. Analysis entailed descriptive, correlational, and multivariable techniques...
January 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288294/a-retrospective-study-of-association-between-peg-shaped-maxillary-lateral-incisors-and-dental-anomalies
#20
Jae-Hwan Kim, Nam-Ki Choi, Seon-Mi Kim
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of peg-shaped maxillary lateral incisors and the incidence of associated dental anomalies in children. STUDY DESIGN: We investigated the prevalence of peg-laterals and incidence of associated dental anomalies in 3,834 children aged 7-15 who visited the Department of Pediatric Dentistry from January 2010 to December 2015 and underwent panoramic radiographs. RESULTS: The prevalence of peg-laterals was 1...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
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