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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30174906/implications-of-obesity-in-cardiac-surgery-pattern-of-referral-physiopathology-complications-prognosis
#1
REVIEW
Luca Salvatore De Santo, Caesar Moscariello, Carlo Zebele
A U-shaped relationship between body mass index (BMI) and outcomes emerged after cardiac surgery. This review analyses the physio pathologic basis of obesity related complications and evaluates prognostic implications. Both leaner and morbid obese should be considered pre-operatively rather than reactively and, when referred for elective surgery, should undergo a focused metabolic status management, and a thorough evaluation of health status. Adherence to sound surgical principles, and tailored patient blood management and perioperative care are mandatory...
July 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29985381/-the-rationale-for-the-application-of-magnetophoresis-for-the-treatment-of-intra-articular-pathology
#2
N V Alekseeva, I P Osnovina, E L Vladimirtseva, A V Ivanov
The present study was designed to elucidate the influence of the magnetic field on the spectroscopic characteristics of nimesulide and glucosamine sulfate preparations. The secondary objective of the study was to evaluate the clinical effectiveness of the combined application of magnetotherapy and transdermal forms containing a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory preparation and a chondroprotector with the use of magnetophoresis. For this purpose, we analyzed the samples exposed to the running magnetic field in an infrared spectrometer to elucidate the changes in the optical characteristics of the preparations of interest...
2018: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875025/preliminary-effects-of-a-regional-approached-multidisciplinary-educational-program-on-healthcare-utilization-in-patients-with-hip-or-knee-osteoarthritis-an-observational-study
#3
Aniek A O M Claassen, Henk J Schers, Sander Koëter, Willemijn H van der Laan, Keetie C A L C Kremers-van de Hei, Joris Botman, Vincent J J F Busch, Wim H C Rijnen, Cornelia H M van den Ende
BACKGROUND: Providing relevant information on disease and self-management helps patients to seek timely contact with care providers and become actively involved in their own care process. Therefore, health professionals from primary care, multiple hospitals and health organisations jointly decided to develop an educational program on osteoarthritis (OA). The objective of the present study was to determine preliminary effects of this OA educational program on healthcare utilization and clinical outcomes...
June 6, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722538/phosphorus-stress-induced-changes-in-plant-root-exudation-could-potentially-facilitate-uranium-mobilization-from-stable-mineral-forms
#4
Nimisha Edayilam, Dawn Montgomery, Brennan Ferguson, Amith S Maroli, Nicole Martinez, Brian A Powell, Nishanth Tharayil
Apparent deficiency of soil mineral nutrients often triggers specific physio-morphological changes in plants, and some of these changes could also inadvertently increase the ability of plants to mobilize radionuclides from stable mineral forms. This work, through a series of sand-culture, hydroponics, and batch-equilibration experiments, investigated the differential ability of root exudates of Andropogon virginicus grown under conditions with variable phosphorus (P) availability (KH2 PO4 , FePO4 , Ca3 (PO4 )2 , and no P) to solubilize uranium (U) from the uranyl phosphate mineral Chernikovite...
July 17, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696910/-interactive-effects-of-temperature-co-2-concentration-and-precipitation-on-growth-and-yield-of-crops
#5
REVIEW
Fan Chao Meng, Jun Guo, Li Zhou, Ming Ming Xiong, Lei Zhang
Temperature, CO2 concentration and precipitation are the key climate factors affecting crop growth and yield. The effects of different climate factors on crops are not independent, and their interactive effects on crops have become a focus in this research field. The study of interactive effects of multiple climate factors on crops could more reliably reflect the actual situations of crop growth, which could help us to understand the crop growth and even the ecosystem response to climate change, and optimize agricultural production managements in the future...
December 2017: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622522/reprint-of-proteomics-in-cardiovascular-diseases-unveiling-sex-and-gender-differences-in-the-era-of-precision-medicine
#6
REVIEW
Roberta Baetta, Marta Pontremoli, Alma Martinez Fernandez, Corinne M Spickett, Cristina Banfi
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) represent the most important cause of mortality in women and in men. Contrary to the long-standing notion that the effects of the major risk factors on CVD outcomes are the same in both sexes, recent evidence recognizes new, potentially independent, sex/gender-related risk factors for CVDs, and sex/gender-differences in the clinical presentation of CVDs have been demonstrated. Furthermore, some therapeutic options may not be equally effective and safe in men and women. In this context, proteomics offers an extremely useful and versatile analytical platform for biomedical researches that expand from the screening of early diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers to the investigation of the molecular mechanisms underlying CDVs...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395757/standardized-model-of-porcine-resuscitation-using-a-custom-made-resuscitation-board-results-in-optimal-hemodynamic-management
#7
Jakob Wollborn, Eva Ruetten, Bjoern Schlueter, Joerg Haberstroh, Ulrich Goebel, Martin A Schick
AIM: Standardized modeling of cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is crucial to evaluate new treatment options. Experimental porcine models are ideal, closely mimicking human-like physiology. However, anteroposterior chest diameter differs significantly, being larger in pigs and thus poses a challenge to achieve adequate perfusion pressures and consequently hemodynamics during CPR, which are commonly achieved during human resuscitation. The aim was to prove that standardized resuscitation is feasible and renders adequate hemodynamics and perfusion in pigs, using a specifically designed resuscitation board for a pneumatic chest compression device...
January 22, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316826/the-role-of-metabolomic-markers-for-patients-with-infectious-diseases-implications-for-risk-stratification-and-therapeutic-modulation
#8
Seline Zurfluh, Thomas Baumgartner, Marc A Meier, Manuel Ottiger, Alaadin Voegeli, Luca Bernasconi, Peter Neyer, Beat Mueller, Philipp Schuetz
Metabolomics is a rapidly growing area of research. Metabolomic markers can provide information about the interaction of different organ systems, and thereby improve the understanding of physio-pathological processes, disease risk, prognosis and therapy responsiveness in a variety of diseases. Areas covered: In this narrative review of recent clinical studies investigating metabolomic markers in adult patients presenting with acute infectious disease, we mainly focused on patients with sepsis and lower respiratory tract infections...
February 2018: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180046/proteomics-in-cardiovascular-diseases-unveiling-sex-and-gender-differences-in-the-era-of-precision-medicine
#9
Roberta Baetta, Marta Pontremoli, Alma Martinez Fernandez, Corinne M Spickett, Cristina Banfi
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) represent the most important cause of mortality in women and in men. Contrary to the long-standing notion that the effects of the major risk factors on CVD outcomes are the same in both sexes, recent evidence recognizes new, potentially independent, sex/gender-related risk factors for CVDs, and sex/gender-differences in the clinical presentation of CVDs have been demonstrated. Furthermore, some therapeutic options may not be equally effective and safe in men and women. In this context, proteomics offers an extremely useful and versatile analytical platform for biomedical researches that expand from the screening of early diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers to the investigation of the molecular mechanisms underlying CDVs...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170328/31-the-quality-improvement-qip-improving-multidisciplinary-staff-engagement-with-quality-improvement-in-the-rvh-emergency-department
#10
Olly Bannon, Emma Greenwood
: In recent years the RVH Emergency Department (ED) had been under intense pressure and public scrutiny. This led to a demoralised workforce who had become disengaged with quality improvement (QI). QI projects had become an exercise in data collection with little focus on improving care for patients.Two consultants undertook training in QI and then decided to develop a QI project aiming to empower staff and embed QI as daily practice. An ED QI steering group of interested multidisciplinary members was formed and devised an improvement plan to increase staff engagement with QI...
December 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987529/a-novel-approach-in-the-treatment-of-acute-whiplash-syndrome-ultrasound-guided-needle-percutaneous-electrolysis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
J García Naranjo, S Barroso Rosa, J F Loro Ferrer, J M Limiñana Cañal, E Suarez Hernández
INTRODUCTION: Whiplash associated disorders are currently a common musculoskeletal problem. Besides the high incidence in western countries, the costs derived from prolonged treatment and medicolegal compensation, make this entity a challenging problem for clinicians and insurance companies. To date, no conservative treatment has shown clear superiority in the management of acute cases. HYPOTHESIS: Percutaneous needle electrolysis (PNE) is an effective approach for the treatment of Quebec type II acute whiplash syndrome (AWS)...
December 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955356/phosphorous-application-improves-drought-tolerance-of-phoebe-zhennan
#12
Akash Tariq, Kaiwen Pan, Olusanya A Olatunji, Corina Graciano, Zilong Li, Feng Sun, Xiaoming Sun, Dagang Song, Wenkai Chen, Aiping Zhang, Xiaogang Wu, Lin Zhang, Deng Mingrui, Qinli Xiong, Chenggang Liu
Phoebe zhennan (Gold Phoebe) is a threatened tree species in China and a valuable and important source of wood and bioactive compounds used in medicine. Apart from anthropogenic disturbances, several biotic constraints currently restrict its growth and development. However, little attention has been given to building adaptive strategies for its conservation by examining its morphological and physio-biochemical responses to drought stress, and the role of fertilizers on these responses. A randomized experimental design was used to investigate the effects of two levels of irrigation (well-watered and drought-stressed) and phosphorous (P) fertilization treatment (with and without P) to assess the morphological and physio-biochemical responses of P...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677361/change-gout-the-need-for-a-new-approach
#13
REVIEW
Leonardo Punzi
Gout is the most common form of inflammatory arthropathy and is caused by an excess of uric acid in the blood (hyperuricemia). It is a chronic, debilitating condition that gradually increases in severity and affects an increasing number of people. It has a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations and is related to serious kidney and cardiovascular conditions and to an increased risk of mortality. The negative perception of the disease, historically seen as related to a life of dissipation, has led to underestimating its impact and focusing the attention on the short-term treatment of acute attacks rather than on the long-term management of the condition without, consequently, preventing the most serious complications...
August 2017: Minerva Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660143/distal-triceps-injuries-including-snapping-triceps-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#14
Kimberley Shuttlewood, James Beazley, Christopher D Smith
AIM: To review current literature on types of distal triceps injury and determine diagnosis and appropriate management. METHODS: We performed a systematic review in PubMed, Cochrane and EMBASE using the terms distal triceps tears and snapping triceps on the 10th January 2017. We excluded all animal, review, foreign language and repeat papers. We reviewed all papers for relevance and of the papers left we were able to establish the types of distal triceps injury, how these injuries are diagnosed and investigated and the types of management of these injuries including surgical...
June 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590787/-in-the-physio-we-trust-a-qualitative-study-on-patients-preferences-for-physiotherapy
#15
Susanne Bernhardsson, Maria E H Larsson, Kajsa Johansson, Birgitta Öberg
BACKGROUND: Patients' preferences should be integrated in evidence-based practice. This study aimed to explore patients' preferences for physiotherapy treatment and participation in decision making. METHODS: A qualitative study set in an urban physiotherapy clinic in Gothenburg, Sweden. Individual, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 20 individuals who sought physiotherapy for musculoskeletal disorders. The interviews were recorded, transcribed, and analyzed with qualitative content analysis...
July 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513574/transcriptional-and-physiological-responses-to-nutrient-loading-on-toxin-formation-and-photosynthesis-in-microcystis-aeruginosa-fachb-905
#16
Guotao Peng, Sijie Lin, Zhengqiu Fan, Xiangrong Wang
An important goal of understanding harmful algae blooms is to determine how environmental factors affect the growth and toxin formation of toxin-producing species. In this study, we investigated the transcriptional responses of toxin formation gene ( mcyB ) and key photosynthesis genes ( psaB , psbD and rbcL) of Microcystis aeruginosa FACHB-905 in different nutrient loading conditions using real-time reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). Three physio-biochemical parameters (malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione (GSH)) were also evaluated to provide insight into the physiological responses of Microcystis cells...
May 17, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280790/environmental-assessment-of-al-hammar-marsh-southern-iraq
#17
Hind Fadhil Abdullah Al-Gburi, Balsam Salim Al-Tawash, Hadi Salim Al-Lafta
AIM: (a) To determine the spatial distributions and levels of major and minor elements, as well as heavy metals, in water, sediment, and biota (plant and fish) in Al-Hammar Marsh, southern Iraq, and ultimately to supply more comprehensive information for policy-makers to manage the contaminants input into the marsh so that their concentrations do not reach toxic levels. (b) to characterize the seasonal changes in the marsh surface water quality. (c) to address the potential environmental risk of these elements by comparison with the historical levels and global quality guidelines (i...
February 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251545/impact-of-tillage-practices-on-soil-bacterial-diversity-and-composition-under-the-tobacco-rice-rotation-in-china
#18
Yanping Lei, Yongliang Xiao, Lifeng Li, Chaoqiang Jiang, Chaolong Zu, Tian Li, Hui Cao
Tobacco-rice rotation is a common farming system in south China, and many tillage practices such as straw mulching, dolomite dust, and quicklime application have been adopted to improve crop production. These agricultural management practices alter soil physical and chemical properties and affect microbial life environment and community composition. In this research, six tillage practices including no tobacco and rice straw mulching (CK), tobacco and rice straw mulching (TrSr), rice straw returning fire (TrSc), tobacco and rice straw mulching with dolomite dust (TSD), rice straw returning fire and quicklime (TSQ), and rice straw returning fire, quicklime and reduced fertilizer (TSQf) were conducted to detect changes in soil bacterial diversity and composition using Illumina sequencing...
May 2017: Journal of Microbiology / the Microbiological Society of Korea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712867/the-water-productivity-score-wps-at-global-and-regional-level-methodology-and-first-results-from-remote-sensing-measurements-of-wheat-rice-and-maize
#19
Wim G M Bastiaanssen, Pasquale Steduto
Scarce water resources are one of the major constraints to achieve more food production. Food production needs therefore also to be evaluated in terms of water consumption, besides the conventional unit of land. Crop Water Productivity (CWP) is defined as the crop yield per unit of water evaporated. Contrary to crop yield, local benchmark values for CWP do not exist. This paper shows how operational earth observation satellites can measure CWP indirectly on a pixel-by-pixel basis, which provides an opportunity to define local, regional and global benchmark values...
January 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543093/causes-consequences-and-biomarkers-of-stress-in-swine-an-update
#20
REVIEW
Silvia Martínez-Miró, Fernando Tecles, Marina Ramón, Damián Escribano, Fuensanta Hernández, Josefa Madrid, Juan Orengo, Silvia Martínez-Subiela, Xavier Manteca, José Joaquín Cerón
BACKGROUND: In recent decades there has been a growing concern about animal stress on intensive pig farms due to the undesirable consequences that stress produces in the normal physiology of pigs and its effects on their welfare and general productive performance. This review analyses the most important types of stress (social, environmental, metabolic, immunological and due to human handling), and their biological consequences for pigs. The physio-pathological changes associated with stress are described, as well as the negative effects of stress on pig production...
August 19, 2016: BMC Veterinary Research
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