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physio management

Wim G M Bastiaanssen, Pasquale Steduto
Scarce water resources are one of the major constraints to achieve more food production. Food production needs therefore also to be evaluated in terms of water consumption, besides the conventional unit of land. Crop Water Productivity (CWP) is defined as the crop yield per unit of water evaporated. Contrary to crop yield, local benchmark values for CWP do not exist. This paper shows how operational earth observation satellites can measure CWP indirectly on a pixel-by-pixel basis, which provides an opportunity to define local, regional and global benchmark values...
October 3, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Silvia Martínez-Miró, Fernando Tecles, Marina Ramón, Damián Escribano, Fuensanta Hernández, Josefa Madrid, Juan Orengo, Silvia Martínez-Subiela, Xavier Manteca, José Joaquín Cerón
BACKGROUND: In recent decades there has been a growing concern about animal stress on intensive pig farms due to the undesirable consequences that stress produces in the normal physiology of pigs and its effects on their welfare and general productive performance. This review analyses the most important types of stress (social, environmental, metabolic, immunological and due to human handling), and their biological consequences for pigs. The physio-pathological changes associated with stress are described, as well as the negative effects of stress on pig production...
2016: BMC Veterinary Research
M Osseis, J Weyrech, E Gayat, S Dagois, R Lo Dico, M Pocard, C Eveno
BACKGROUND: Although Cytoreductive Surgery (CRS) and Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy (HIPEC) confers health benefits in peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) treatment, it is associated with significant postoperative morbidity and mortality rate with increased length of hospital stay. The goal of this study is to determine whether a new comprehensive physiotherapy program including epidural loco-regional analgesia can improve the quality of care and patients recovery. METHODS: Between 2009 and 2013, 124 patients with PC were operated for CRS and HIPEC procedures...
June 27, 2016: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
Aditi Jain, Shivendu Ranjan, Nandita Dasgupta, Chidambaram Ramalingam
Nanotechnology has seen exponential growth in last decade due to its unique physicochemical properties; however, the risk associated with this emerging technology has withdrawn ample attention in the past decade. Nanotoxicity is majorly contributed to the small size and large surface area of nanomaterials, which allow easy dispersion and invasion of anatomical barriers in human body. Unique physio-chemical properties of NPs make the investigation of their toxic consequences intricate and challenging. This makes it important to have an in-depth knowledge of different mechanisms involved in nanomaterials's action as well as toxicity...
April 6, 2016: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Praveen-Kumar Pandey, Inder Pawar, Sandeep-Kumar Beniwal, Raaghav-R Verma
A 33 years old female patient presented with posttraumatic pain in the right foot for which radiographs of the right foot was advised. No fracture was detected on radiographs and patient was managed conservatively on medications and posterior splint immobilization. We found coincidentally a short fourth metatarsal and an accessory navicular bone in the right foot radiographs. After 3 weeks of immobilization, she underwent mobilization of the right foot, weight bearing and intensive physio- therapy for 6 weeks...
2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
Concetta Di Giorgio, Alessio Provenzani, Piera Polidori
BACKGROUND: The management of therapy in elderly is a critical aspect of primary care. The physio-pathological complexity of the elderly involves the prescription of multiple drugs, exposing them to a higher risk of adverse reactions. OBJECTIVE: Aim of this study was to assess the medication use and (potential) inappropriate medications and prescribing omissions in the elderly before and during hospitalization, according to the main tools in literature described, and their relation to the number of comorbidities...
April 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Richard Fidler, Meshell Johnson
INTRODUCTION: Equipment-related issues have recently been cited as a significant contributor to the suboptimal outcomes of resuscitation management. A systematic evaluation of the human-device interface was undertaken to evaluate the intuitive nature of three different defibrillators. Devices tested were the Physio-Control LifePak 15, the Zoll R Series Plus, and the Philips MRx. METHODS: A convenience sample of 73 multidisciplinary health care providers from 5 different hospitals participated in this study...
April 2016: Resuscitation
Peter Roebeling, Nelson Abrantes, Sofia Ribeiro, Pedro Almeida
Freshwater wetlands provide crucial ecosystem services, though are subject to anthropogenic/natural stressors that provoke negative impacts on these ecosystems, services and values. The European Union Water Framework Directive aims to achieve good status of surface waters by 2015, through implementation of Catchment Management Plans. Implementation of Catchment Management Plans is costly, though associated benefits from improvements in surface water status are less well known. This paper establishes a functional relationship between surface water status and cultural ecosystem service values of freshwater systems...
March 1, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
H Benamer, P Motreff, P Jessen, M Piquet, F Haziza, B Chevalier
The outcome of patients with ST elevation acute coronary syndrome (ACS) has been increasingly improving in the general population over the past few decades. However, detailed analysis of the results show that the reduction in mortality rates is higher in males compared to their female counterparts. The excess mortality rate observed in women, though sometimes questioned, has been widely reported in the literature. The higher mortality rate observed in women with ST elevation ACS can be explained by the presence of aggravating clinical factors such as older age, a higher percentage of diabetics, and a higher frequency of cardiogenic shock...
December 2015: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
Gilles Rault, Dominique Pougheon, Jean-Claude Moisdon, Michel Pépin, Frédéric Kletz, Gabriel Bellon, Isabelle Durieu, Pierre Lombrail
INTRODUCTION: Following the generalization of neonatal screening, the French CF Care Network has become structured around 45 qualified centres, the French CF Society, 2 national expertise centres, the Patient Registry and the National Protocol of CF Care in collaboration with the Vaincre Ia Mucoviscidose patient association. This organization and progress in treatment have resulted in the outpatient follow-up of a growing number of patients. Since 2010, the CF Network representatives have been conducting an assessment of outpatient follow-up to identify difficulties in complying with national and international clinical practice guidelines...
May 2015: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
Ilaria Baldoli, Armando Cuttano, Rosa T Scaramuzzo, Selene Tognarelli, Massimiliano Ciantelli, Francesca Cecchi, Marzia Gentile, Emilio Sigali, Cecilia Laschi, Paolo Ghirri, Arianna Menciassi, Paolo Dario, Antonio Boldrini
Respiratory problems are among the main causes of mortality for preterm newborns with pulmonary diseases; mechanical ventilation provides standard care, but long-term complications are still largely reported. In this framework, continuous medical education is mandatory to correctly manage assistance devices. However, commercially available neonatal respiratory simulators are rarely suitable for representing anatomical and physiological conditions; a step toward high-fidelity simulation, therefore, is essential for nurses and neonatologists to acquire the practice needed without any risk...
August 2015: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
Silvas J Prince, R Beena, S Michael Gomez, S Senthivel, R Chandra Babu
BACKGROUND: Drought stress is a major limitation to rainfed rice production and yield stability. Identifying yield-associated quantitative trait loci (QTLs) that are consistent under drought stress predominant in target production environments, as well as across different genetic backgrounds, will help to develop high-yielding rice cultivars suitable for water-limited environments through marker-assisted breeding (MAB). Considerable progress has been made in mapping QTLs for drought resistance traits in rice; however, few have been successfully used in MAB...
December 2015: Rice
Hilary Gunn, Sophie Markevics, Bernhard Haas, Jonathan Marsden, Jennifer Freeman
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of interventions in reducing falls and/or improving balance as a falls risk in multiple sclerosis (MS). DATA SOURCES: Computer-based and manual searches included the following medical subject heading keywords: "Multiple Sclerosis AND accidental falls" OR "Multiple Sclerosis AND postural balance" OR "Multiple Sclerosis AND exercise" OR "Multiple Sclerosis AND physical/physio therapy" NOT animals. All literature published to November 2014 with available full-text details were included...
October 2015: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Fabrizio De Rita, David Crossland, Massimo Griselli, Asif Hasan
With and increasing number of early survivors after the palliation of the single ventricle physiology there is a burgeoning Fontan population worldwide that will pose unique challenges because of the inevitable sequelae related to the absence of the alleged "needless" sub-pulmonic ventricle. The increasing number and older-age single-ventricle patients highlights the results of successful contemporary surgical palliation in children, leading to the development of an adult single-ventricle population with unpredictable socio-economic and health service impacts...
2015: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. Pediatric Cardiac Surgery Annual
Lukasz Szarpak, Katarzyna Karczewska, Togay Evrin, Andrzej Kurowski, Lukasz Czyzewski
BACKGROUD: Advanced airway management and endotracheal intubation (ETI) during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is more difficult than, for example, during anesthesia. However, new devices such as video laryngoscopes should help in such circumstances. The aim of this study was to compare the performance of 4 intubation devices in pediatric manikin-simulated CPR. METHODS: One hundred two paramedics participated in this study. None had prior experience in video laryngoscopy...
July 2015: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Nath Arun Jyoti, Rattan Lal, Ashesh Kumar Das
It is widely recognized that farmers' hold important knowledge of folk soil classification for agricultural land for its uses, yet little has been studied for traditional agroforestry systems. This article explores the ethnopedology of bamboo (Bambusa sp.) based agroforestry system in North East India, and establishes the relationship of soil quality index (SQI) with bamboo productivity. The study revealed four basic folk soil (mati) types: kalo (black soil), lal (red soil), pathal (stony soil) and balu (sandy soil)...
July 15, 2015: Science of the Total Environment
A Mahender, A Anandan, S K Pradhan
Rapid uniform germination and accumulation of biomass during initial phase of seedling establishment is an essential phenotypic trait considered as early seedling vigour for direct seeded situation in rice irrespective of environment. Enhanced role of carbohydrate, amylase, growth hormones, antioxidant enzymes and ascorbic acid brings changes in vigour and phenotype of seedling. Early establishment and demanding life form dominate the surroundings. Crop plant that has better growth overdrives the weed plant and suppresses its growth...
May 2015: Planta
Nebojsa Nick Knezevic, Utchariya Anantamongkol, Kenneth D Candido
BACKGROUND: Multiple studies have shown that perineural dexamethasone improves postoperative analgesia. However, some studies have shown minimal benefit, and have raised concerns regarding adverse physio-chemical effects of perineural dexamethasone. Furthermore, there is a paucity of studies wherein control (IV) dexamethasone was considered. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the effectiveness of different concentrations of perineural dexamethasone injection on postoperative analgesia, as well as complications from its use for brachial plexus blocks...
January 2015: Pain Physician
Yasuhiro Fujii, Koullis Pitsillides, Giuseppe Ferro, Hiroshi Kagawa, Luca Centola, Katsushi Kinouchi, Liqun Zhu, William T Ferrier, Linda Talken, Teimour Nasirov, R Kirk Riemer, Olaf Reinhartz
Telemetric physiological monitoring systems (TPMS) have enabled accurate continuous measurement of animal blood pressures and flows. However, few studies describe approaches for use of TPMS in the great vessels or inside the heart. We describe our initial experiences using two types of TPMSs. Twelve lambs (20-37 kg) underwent sternotomy. Two lambs were not instrumented and were killed at 14 days to confirm normal sternal wound healing (sham group, n = 2). Ten lambs underwent placement of either standard indwelling pressure-monitoring catheter and perivascular-flow-probe (CFP group, n = 3) or TPMS implantation (TPMS group, n = 7)...
May 2015: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
Emmanuel Broussolle, Florent Gobert, Teodor Danaila, Stéphane Thobois, Olivier Walusinski, Julien Bogousslavsky
This historical review presents the advances made mostly during the last 200 years on the description, concepts, theories, and (more specifically) cure of patients suffering from hysteria, a still obscure entity. The denomination of the syndrome has changed over time, from hysteria (reinvestigated by Paul Briquet and Jean-Martin Charcot) to pithiatism (Joseph Babinski), then to conversion neurosis (Sigmund Freud), and today functional neurological disorders according to the 2013 American Neurological Association DSM-5 classification...
2014: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
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