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facial laceration

Ramesh Kumar, Frederic W B Deleyiannis, Corbett Wilkinson, Brent R O'Neill
OBJECTIVE The authors' goals in this study were to describe a series of dog attacks on children that required neurosurgical consultation and to better understand the pattern of injuries inflicted, the circumstances that place children at risk for attack, and the dog breeds involved. In addition, the authors review the surgical and medical management of these patients. METHODS The authors performed a retrospective review of all children requiring neurosurgical consultation for dog bite at a regional Level 1 pediatric trauma center over a 15-year period...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Eilif Dahl
A previously healthy 65-year-old female passenger presented on the 3rd day of her voyage with a small facial laceration after she fell and hit her forehead, following sudden blurred vision and dizziness. When the ship's doctor noticed that one pupil was much bigger than the other, he feared intracranial bleeding and considered helicopter evacuation. Her symptoms had started shortly after she had removed a transdermal scopolamine patch from behind her ear. Getting scopolamine from her hands in direct contact with the eye surface caused mydriasis...
2016: International Maritime Health
Yousef Shafaiee, Bita Shahbazzadegan
INTRODUCTION: Facial paralysis is a devastating condition with profound functional, aesthetic and psychosocial consequences. Tumors within or outside the skull, Bell's palsy and trauma are the most common causes of facial paralysis in adults. CASE PRESENTATION: Our patient was a 35-year-old man with deep laceration wounds. The patient was taken to the operating room and the nerves were repaired. We observed gradual improvement of muscle performance except branches of the frontal nerve...
May 2016: Trauma Monthly
Michael R Bobian, Curtis J Hanba, Peter F Svider, Houmehr Hojjat, Adam J Folbe, Jean Anderson Eloy, Mahdi A Shkoukani
PURPOSE: Soccer participation continues to increase among all ages in the US. Our objective was to analyze trends in soccer-related facial injury epidemiology, demographics, and mechanisms of injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System was evaluated for soccer-related facial injuries from 2010 through 2014. Results for product code "soccer" were filtered for injures to the face. Number of injuries was extrapolated, and data were analyzed for age, sex, specific injury diagnoses, locations, and mechanisms...
September 12, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
M-P Vazquez, N Kadlub, V Soupre, E Galliani, C Neiva-Vaz, I Pavlov, A Picard
Facial traumas are common in children but often unconsidered. Facial injury is responsible of impressive bleeding because of the rich vascularization of the face; this bleeding is often underestimated because of the immediate arterial vasoconstriction that is very strong for children. The blood volume is 80ml/kg for a newborn, with a total of 250ml, reaching 70ml/kg at one year of age. The evaluation must be rigorously performed due to the risk of a sudden decompensation. Regarding the wounds, the primary repair must be performed directly neat or optimal in case of damaged tissues...
October 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
Jacinto Fernández Sanromán, Alberto Costas López, Martín Fernández Ferro, Annahys López de Sánchez, Bogdan Stavaru, Jorge Arenaz Bua
PURPOSE: To study the complications of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) arthroscopic procedures using two-portal coblation technologies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The 397 consecutive patients (475 joints) who underwent arthroscopic surgery were prospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Complications were observed in 39 (8.21%) procedures. Complications recognized during or immediately after surgery were observed in 25 cases (5.26%). Vascular injury in the points of trocar insertion was observed in seven cases...
September 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Su Hyun Choi, Ja Hea Gu, Dong Hee Kang
The consequences of facial trauma remain of great significance both functionally and esthetically. Traffic accident-related facial trauma is a frequent and significant cause of maxillofacial injury. The purpose of this study was to determine the natural history of traffic accident-related facial injuries in 846 patients over a 10-year period at a regional emergency center. The authors report a retrospective study of 846 patients with facial trauma from traffic accidents. The medical records of these patients were reviewed and analyzed to determine clinical characteristics, treatments, and outcomes of traffic accident-related facial trauma...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
John K Brooks, Justin W Kleinman, Jeremy B Brooks, Mark A Reynolds
With the rise in popularity of usage of various electronic smoking devices, there have been increasing reports of explosions, often resulting in complex injuries to the head and neck. To promote the awareness of this new phenomenon, a case report is provided regarding an 18-year-old male who had an electronic cigarette explode in his mouth. He presented with severe damage to the anterior dentition (fractured teeth, avulsions, luxation), had fractured the premaxilla and anterior nasal spine, and sustained lacerations to the upper lip, labial mucosa, gingivae, tongue, hard palate, and facial skin...
July 10, 2016: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
Peter F Svider, Michael Bobian, Houmehr Hojjat, Anthony Sheyn, Giancarlo Zuliani, Jean Anderson Eloy, Adam J Folbe
BACKGROUND: Winter activities offer children and adolescents an outdoor recreational opportunity during the coldest months. Our objectives were to estimate the national incidence of facial injury associated with recreational winter activities. Furthermore, we analyze demographic trends and clinical characteristics of patients presenting to emergency departments (EDs). METHODS: The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS), a population-based resource, was evaluated for ED visits from 2010 to 2014 for children injured from "active" winter -undertakings (snowboarding, skiing, ice skating) and sledding/tubing...
August 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Markku Tuominen, Michael J Stuart, Mark Aubry, Pekka Kannus, Jari Parkkari
BACKGROUND: Detailed injury data are not available for international ice hockey tournaments played by junior athletes. We report the incidence, type, mechanism and severity of injuries in males under ages 18 and 20 at junior ice hockey World Championships during 2006-2015. METHODS: All injuries in the International Ice Hockey Federation World Junior under-20 (WJ U20) Championship and under-18 (WJ U18) Championship were collected over a 9-year period using a strict injury definition, a standardised injury reporting system and diagnoses made by a team physician...
June 8, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Houmehr Hojjat, Peter F Svider, Ho-Sheng Lin, Adam J Folbe, Mahdi A Shkoukani, Jean Anderson Eloy, Giancarlo Zuliani
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To estimate the incidence of patients presenting to emergency departments (EDs) for facial trauma sustained from participation in combat sports and evaluate injury patterns and patient demographics. METHODS: The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) was evaluated for facial injuries from wrestling, boxing, and martial arts leading to ED visits from 2008 to 2013. Relevant entries were examined for injury mechanism, location, type, as well as other patient characteristics...
August 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Miguel Bardon, Noel Young, Poppy Sindhusake, Theresa Lee, Ken Le
BACKGROUND: Multitrauma patients represent a difficult cohort of patients from a diagnostic standpoint. Current trauma recommendations do not advise whole-body computed tomography (CT) in hemodynamically stable patients. OBJECTIVE: To measure the prevalence of abnormal CT findings in areas other than the prime area of clinical interest in multitrauma patients. METHOD: The records of 462 consecutive adult patients who underwent whole-body CT scans between 2004 and 2005 at Westmead Hospital, a Level 1 trauma center, were assessed...
2012: Open Access Emergency Medicine: OAEM
Peter F Svider, Michael Chen, Daniela Burchhardt, Priyanka S O'Brien, Mahdi A Shkoukani, Giancarlo F Zuliani, Adam J Folbe
OBJECTIVES: Although prevention of head injuries through helmet use is widespread, there has been a paucity of inquiry and publicity regarding the potential for facial injury stemming from cycling. Our objectives included estimating the incidence of emergency department (ED) visits for bicycle-related facial trauma among the pediatric population and detailing injury patterns. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Analysis of a nationwide database. METHODS: The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System, offered by the Consumer Product Safety Commission, was accessed for ED visits related to bicycle-related facial trauma among individuals 21 years old and younger...
February 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Jennifer L Bailit, William A Grobman, Madeline Murguia Rice, Ronald J Wapner, Uma M Reddy, Michael W Varner, John M Thorp, Steve N Caritis, Jay D Iams, George Saade, Dwight J Rouse, Jorge E Tolosa
BACKGROUND: Cesarean delivery in the second stage of labor is common, whereas the frequency of operative vaginal delivery has been declining. However, data comparing outcomes for attempted operative vaginal delivery vs cesarean in the second stage are scant. Previous studies that examine operative vaginal delivery have compared it to a baseline risk of complications from a spontaneous vaginal delivery and cesarean delivery. However, when a woman has a need for intervention in the second stage, spontaneous vaginal delivery is not an option she or the provider can choose...
May 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Luke Parkitny, Benedict Martin Wand, Carl Graham, John Quintner, G Lorimer Moseley
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Orofacial pain disorders are relatively uncommon and pose a substantial diagnostic challenge. This case report documents the diagnosis and management of hemifacial pain in a patient who was referred to an interdisciplinary pain medicine unit. The purpose of this case report is twofold. First, it presents complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) as a potential differential diagnosis in cases of facial pain. Second, it describes the successful adaption of contemporary management approaches for distal-extremity CRPS to treat people with CRPS of the facial region...
July 2016: Physical Therapy
Rajasekhar Gaddipati, Sudhir Ramisetti, Nandagopal Vura, K Rajiv Reddy, Bhargav Nalamolu
Incidence and etiology of facial fractures vary from region to region due to various constituents. This study was carried to evaluate the patterns and distribution of fractures in the facial region among different age groups of patients in both males and females caused due to various etiologies. This is a retrospective epidemiological study, which was performed on patients with fractures in the maxillofacial region during a period of 2005 to 2013 at Mamata Dental College and Hospital, Khammam, India. A total of 1,015 patients with 1,545 fractures were referred for treatment to department of oral and maxillofacial injuries surgery, of Mamata Dental College and Hospital, with a mean age of 31...
December 2015: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
Suha N Aloosi, Najmaddin Khoshnaw, Shakhawan M Ali, Belal A Muhammad
BACKGROUND: Parotid duct or gland injury can be caused by assault with a knife, bottle, electrical-saw, road traffic accident, or rarely gunshot and fractures of the facial skeleton. The injury can be in the form of laceration, ductal exposure, total cutting, or crushing of the duct. These conditions are difficult to diagnose because of complex anatomy and variable forms of the injury. A successful management of parotid duct injuries depends on early diagnosis and appropriate intervention; improper surgery may lead to complications such as sialocele or salivary fistula CASE REPORT: A 27-years-old man was presented to the maxillofacial unit, complaining of bleeding over the right side of his face after accidental exposure to a chain-saw three hours before admission...
2015: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Kevin Shaigany, Anish Abrol, Peter F Svider, Jean Anderson Eloy, Michael A Carron, Ho-Sheng Lin, Adam J Folbe
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The use of recreational motorized vehicles (RMVs), including all-terrain vehicles (ATVs), snowmobiles, and go-carts, has increased in recent decades. Because RMVs are lightly regulated, there are numerous safety concerns. This analysis examines a nationally representative resource to estimate the incidence of craniofacial trauma secondary to RMV accidents, evaluating injury and demographic patterns. METHODS: The Consumer Product Safety Commission's National Electronic Injury Surveillance System was examined for facial trauma resulting in emergency department (ED) visits stemming from the use of ATVs, motorbikes/scooters, snowmobiles, and utility vehicles...
January 2016: Laryngoscope
Vishakha N Devrukhkar, Rahul J Hegde, Sumedh S Khare, Tanvi A Saraf
AIMS: A study was conducted to evaluate the benefits of cyanoacrylate tissue adhesive as an alternative to suturing in management of pediatric lacerations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 7 patients were evaluated and followed for 3-month. The wound was evaluated on 1(st), 3(rd), and 7(th) postoperative day for swelling, infection, gaping and pain and at 1(st) and 3(rd) postoperative month for scar evaluation. The evaluation was based on different superficial facial wound repairs (i...
January 2015: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
Zahra Sarafraz, Mohammad Hossein Mirshamsi, Seyyed Ali Musavi, Mohammad Hossein Azaraein
BACKGROUND: Many trauma patients in the Emergency Department are unconscious, and this causes many other problems to go undiagnosed, resulting in the loss of valuable time in initiating the appropriate treatments. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and types of injuries to the ears, nose, and throat that are ignored in patients with multiple traumas in an Emergency Department. METHODS: This study was conducted by assessing patients with multiple traumas who were admitted to the Emergency Department at Shahid Rahnamun Hospital in Yazd, Iran, in 2012 and 2013, and who were advised to acquire diagnostic workups and treatment in the Ear, Nose, and Throat Department...
July 2015: Electronic Physician
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