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Social pragmatic communication disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806167/association-of-genetic-risk-variants-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-trajectories-in-the-general-population
#1
Lucy Riglin, Stephan Collishaw, Ajay K Thapar, Søren Dalsgaard, Kate Langley, George Davey Smith, Evie Stergiakouli, Barbara Maughan, Michael C O'Donovan, Anita Thapar
Importance: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a heritable neurodevelopmental disorder that shows clinical and genetic overlap with other childhood neurodevelopmental disorders. Levels of ADHD symptoms typically decline across childhood and adolescence, although they remain elevated for some individuals. The determinants of symptom persistence and decline are not yet fully understood. Objectives: To test the hypothesis that genetic risk variant load for ADHD (indexed by polygenic risk scores [PRS]), but not for other psychiatric disorders, is associated with population-based ADHD symptom trajectories across childhood and adolescence, and to examine whether higher genetic liability for ADHD is correlated with total number of additional neurodevelopmental disorders (multimorbidity) in childhood...
December 1, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676918/study-of-communication-in-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis-rrms-disorders-of-the-pragmatics-of-language-theory-of-mind-and-facial-emotion-processing
#2
Florian Chapelain, Virginie Dardier, Philippe Allain, Bastien Fraudet, Benoit Nicolas, Gilles Edan, Philippe Gallien
OBJECTIVE: Along with the development of knowledge about cognitive abnormalities in MS, various clinical observations report neurobehavioral changes in this disease [1]. However, there is a lack of research on social behavior regulation skills. The few studies conducted in this field investigated emotional processing and theory of mind skills. Results suggest impairment in both aspects for part of the MS population and they closely follow the results achieved in others conditions. OBSERVATIONS: Our aim is to report communication profile of two single cases...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642708/hormesis-cellular-stress-response-and-redox-homeostasis-in-autism-spectrum-disorders
#3
V Calabrese, J Giordano, M Ruggieri, D Berritta, A Trovato, M L Ontario, R Bianchini, E J Calabrese
In the United States, 1.1-1.5% of children have been diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), corresponding to a 30% increase in incidence and prevalence. Social and communication impairments are the main signs and symptoms of ASD, and currently available medications have been ineffective in reducing these core deficits. Observational studies have indicated that children with ASD tend to show improved cognition and behavior after febrile illness, which is associated with alteration of metabolic pathways, leading to cellular stress responses and increased expression of heat shock proteins (Hsps)...
December 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616204/how-young-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-watch-and-interpret-pragmatically-complex-scenes
#4
Linda Lönnqvist, Soile Loukusa, Tuula Hurtig, Leena Mäkinen, Antti Siipo, Eero Väyrynen, Pertti Palo, Seppo Laukka, Laura Mämmelä, Marja-Leena Mattila, Hanna Ebeling
The aim of the current study was to investigate subtle characteristics of social perception and interpretation in high-functioning individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), and to study the relation between watching and interpreting. As a novelty, we used an approach that combined moment-by-moment eye tracking and verbal assessment. Sixteen young adults with ASD and 16 neurotypical control participants watched a video depicting a complex communication situation while their eye movements were tracked...
September 12, 2016: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27602006/statistical-learning-in-specific-language-impairment-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-meta-analysis
#5
Rita Obeid, Patricia J Brooks, Kasey L Powers, Kristen Gillespie-Lynch, Jarrad A G Lum
Impairments in statistical learning might be a common deficit among individuals with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Using meta-analysis, we examined statistical learning in SLI (14 studies, 15 comparisons) and ASD (13 studies, 20 comparisons) to evaluate this hypothesis. Effect sizes were examined as a function of diagnosis across multiple statistical learning tasks (Serial Reaction Time, Contextual Cueing, Artificial Grammar Learning, Speech Stream, Observational Learning, and Probabilistic Classification)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27335510/cognitive-impairment-and-rehabilitation-strategies-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#6
REVIEW
Apurba Barman, Ahana Chatterjee, Rohit Bhide
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is among the significant causes of morbidity and mortality in the present world. Around 1.6 million persons sustain TBI, whereas 200,000 die annually in India, thus highlighting the rising need for appropriate cognitive rehabilitation strategies. This literature review assesses the current knowledge of various cognitive rehabilitation training strategies. The entire spectrum of TBI severity; mild to severe, is associated with cognitive deficits of varying degree. Cognitive insufficiency is more prevalent and longer lasting in TBI persons than in the general population...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27315571/the-pragmatic-language-communication-skills-parent-child-relationships-and-symptoms-of-children-with-adhd-and-their-playmates-18-months-after-a-parent-delivered-play-based-intervention
#7
Sarah Wilkes-Gillan, Alycia Cantrill, Lauren Parsons, Cally Smith, Reinie Cordier
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the communication skills, pragmatic language, parent-child relationships, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms of children with ADHD and their playmates 18-months after a pilot parent-delivered intervention for improving social play skills and pragmatic language. METHODS: Participants were five children with ADHD, their parents, and five typically-developing playmates. Outcomes were measured immediately post and 18-months following the intervention...
June 17, 2016: Developmental Neurorehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27230759/social-pragmatic-communication-disorder-and-its-relation-to-the-autism-spectrum-dilemmas-arising-from-the-dsm-5-classification
#8
Yael Brukner-Wertman, Nathaniel Laor, Ofer Golan
DSM-5 introduced two diagnoses describing neurodevelopmental deficits in social communication (SC); Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Social (Pragmatic) Communication Disorder (SPCD). These diagnoses are differentiated by Repetitive and Restricted Behaviors (RRB), required for an ASD diagnosis and absent in SPCD. We highlight the gaps between the research into SPCD and DSM-5's diagnostic criteria, and discuss the clinical implications of this diagnostic decision. We argue that DSM-5's demand for full manifestation of both SC and RRB axes when diagnosing ASD, prematurely forced a categorical view on the continual nature of the potentially dependent SC and RRB phenotypes...
August 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27078162/spontaneous-lexical-alignment-in-children-with-an-autistic-spectrum-disorder-and-their-typically-developing-peers
#9
Holly P Branigan, Alessia Tosi, Karri Gillespie-Smith
It is well established that adults converge on common referring expressions in dialogue, and that such lexical alignment is important for successful and rewarding communication. The authors show that children with an autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) and chronological- and verbal-age-matched typically developing (TD) children also show spontaneous lexical alignment. In a card game, both groups tended to refer to an object using the same name as their partner had previously used for the same or a different token of the object...
April 14, 2016: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory, and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26985778/relations-among-detection-of-syllable-stress-speech-abnormalities-and-communicative-ability-in-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#10
Niko Kargas, Beatriz López, Paul Morris, Vasudevi Reddy
PURPOSE: To date, the literature on perception of affective, pragmatic, and grammatical prosody abilities in autism spectrum disorders (ASD) has been sparse and contradictory. It is interesting to note that the primary perception of syllable stress within the word structure, which is crucial for all prosody functions, remains relatively unexplored in ASD. Thus, in the current study, we explored syllable stress perception sensitivity and its relationship to speech production abnormalities and communicative ability in adults with ASD...
April 1, 2016: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26935766/narrative-competence-in-children-with-pragmatic-language-impairment-a-longitudinal-study
#11
Mieke P Ketelaars, Kino Jansonius, Juliane Cuperus, Ludo Verhoeven
BACKGROUND: Children with pragmatic language impairment (PLI) show impairments in the use of language in social contexts. Although the issue has been gaining attention in recent literature, not much is known about the developmental trajectories of children who experience pragmatic language problems. Since narrative competence is an important predictor of both academic and social success, evaluating narrative competence in children with PLI is deemed important. AIMS: To examine the development of narrative competence of children with PLI compared with typically developing (TD) children using a prognostic longitudinal design...
March 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26922959/-the-spanish-adapted-version-of-the-children-s-communication-checklist-identifies-disorders-of-pragmatic-use-of-language-and-differentiates-between-clinical-subtypes
#12
N Crespo-Eguilaz, S Magallon, R Sanchez-Carpintero, J Narbona
INTRODUCTION: The Children's Communication Checklist (CCC) by Bishop is a useful scale for evaluation of pragmatic verbal abilities in school children. The aim of the study is to ascertain the validity and reliability of the CCC in Spanish. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Answers to the CCC items by parents of 360 children with normal intelligence were analyzed. There were five groups: 160 control children; 68 children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, 77 with procedural non-verbal disorder, 25 children with social communication disorder and 30 with autism spectrum disorder...
2016: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26916221/do-children-with-social-communication-disorder-have-explicit-knowledge-of-pragmatic-rules-they-break-a-comparison-of-conversational-pragmatic-ability-and-metapragmatic-awareness
#13
Elaine Lockton, Catherine Adams, Anna Collins
BACKGROUND: Children who have social communication disorder (CwSCD) demonstrate persistent difficulties with language pragmatics in conversations and other verbal interactions. Speech-language interventions for these children often include promotion of metapragmatic awareness (MPA); that is, the ability to identify explicitly and reflect upon pragmatic rules (MP explicitation). Improved MPA is assumed to support increased self-monitoring and generalization of pragmatic knowledge. Evidence to support this as a mechanism of intervention depends upon the identification of a systematic relationship between MPA and use of pragmatic rules in conversational behaviour...
September 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26868110/-relatives-in-intensive-care-units-un-satisfied-needs
#14
K Hönig, H Gündel
BACKGROUND: Relatives of patients in intensive care units (ICU) have important supportive care needs which are often unrecognized and rarely satisfactorily met. OBJECTIVES: Description of stress factors and strains as well as supportive care needs, assessment of care needs, empirical evidence for care needs, satisfaction of care needs, options and efficacy of psychosocial support and communication recommendations for this special situation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Evaluation of literature review articles, discussion of basic qualitative and quantitative research findings, meta-analyses and expert recommendations...
March 2016: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26800246/uh-and-um-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-or-language-impairment
#15
Kyle Gorman, Lindsay Olson, Alison Presmanes Hill, Rebecca Lunsford, Peter A Heeman, Jan P H van Santen
Atypical pragmatic language is often present in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), along with delays or deficits in structural language. This study investigated the use of the "fillers" uh and um by children ages 4-8 during the autism diagnostic observation schedule. Fillers reflect speakers' difficulties with planning and delivering speech, but they also serve communicative purposes, such as negotiating control of the floor or conveying uncertainty. We hypothesized that children with ASD would use different patterns of fillers compared to peers with typical development or with specific language impairment (SLI), reflecting differences in social ability and communicative intent...
August 2016: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26699538/social-pragmatic-communication-disorders-and-autism-spectrum-disorder
#16
REVIEW
Gillian Baird, Courtenay Frazier Norbury
Changes have been made to the diagnostic criteria for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in the recent revision of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), and similar changes are likely in the WHO International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) due in 2017. In light of these changes, a new clinical disorder, social (pragmatic) communication disorder (SPCD), was added to the neurodevelopmental disorders section of DSM-5. This article describes the key features of ASD, SPCD and the draft ICD-11 approach to pragmatic language impairment, highlighting points of overlap between the disorders and criteria for differential diagnosis...
August 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26679234/systematic-review-of-behavioral-interventions-targeting-social-communication-difficulties-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#17
REVIEW
Emma Finch, Anna Copley, Petrea Cornwell, Crystal Kelly
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether behavioral interventions are beneficial for adults with social communication difficulties after traumatic brain injury (TBI). DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases were searched through October 2013 to find behavioral intervention trials. Keywords used in our search were intervention, therapy, treatment, and program combined with pragmatic disorder, pragmatic impairment, social communication disorder/impairment, conversation disorder/impairment, social disorder/impairment, cognitive-linguistic and cognitive-communication deficit; adult; and traumatic brain injury, head injury, and brain injury...
August 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26586555/uh-um-and-autism-filler-disfluencies-as-pragmatic-markers-in-adolescents-with-optimal-outcomes-from-autism-spectrum-disorder
#18
Christina A Irvine, Inge-Marie Eigsti, Deborah A Fein
Filler disfluencies--uh and um--are thought to serve distinct discourse functions. We examined fillers in spontaneous speech by youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), who struggle with pragmatic language, and by youth with ASD who have achieved an 'optimal outcome' (OO), as well as in peers with typical development (TD). While uh rates did not differ, participants with ASD produced um less frequently than OO or TD groups. Um rate was associated with autism symptom severity, but not executive function or language abilities, suggesting that um serves a pragmatic, listener-oriented function...
March 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26578326/a-qualitative-process-evaluation-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-parenting-intervention-in-community-school-settings-for-children-at-risk-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
John A Taylor, Althea Z Valentine, Edward Sellman, Kate Bransby-Adams, David Daley, Kapil Sayal
BACKGROUND: Interventions for parents of children experiencing emotional and/or behavioural difficulties can help to improve their children's health, educational and social outcomes. However, the desirability and acceptability of screening and offering such interventions for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)-type problems are currently unclear. This article is a qualitative process evaluation of a pragmatic cluster randomised controlled trial (Trial registration: ISRCTN87634685; reported elsewhere) to assess the feasibility and acceptability of a school-based parenting intervention programme for parents and teachers of children with high levels of ADHD symptoms...
2015: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26430947/evidence-base-update-for-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
REVIEW
Tristram Smith, Suzannah Iadarola
This evidence base update examines the level of empirical support for interventions for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) younger than 5 years old. It focuses on research published since a previous review in this journal (Rogers & Vismara, 2008 ). We identified psychological or behavioral interventions that had been manualized and evaluated in either (a) experimental or quasi-experimental group studies or (b) systematic reviews of single-subject studies. We extracted data from all studies that met these criteria and were published after the previous review...
2015: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
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