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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297826/hematology-serum-biochemistry-and-urinalysis-values-in-the-adult-giant-panda-ailuropoda-melanoleuca
#1
Caitlin Burrell, Hemin Zhang, Desheng Li, Chengdong Wang, Caiwu Li, Copper Aitken-Palmer
The giant panda ( Ailuropoda melanoleuca) is a high-profile threatened species with individuals in captivity worldwide. As a result of advances in captive animal management and veterinary medicine, the ex situ giant panda population is aging, and improved understanding of age-related changes is necessary. Urine and blood samples were collected in April and July 2015 and analyzed for complete blood count, serum biochemistry, and biochemical and microscopic urine analysis for all individuals sampled ( n = 7, 7-16 yr of age) from giant panda housed at the China Research and Conservation Centre for the Giant Panda in Bifengxia, Sichuan Province, China...
December 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282151/the-changing-face-of-clinical-trials-in-the-personalized-medicine-and-immuno-oncology-era-report-from-the-international-congress-on-clinical-trials-in-oncology-hemato-oncology-icto-2017
#2
Talia Golan, Michele Milella, Aliza Ackerstein, Ranaan Berger
In the past decade, the oncology community has witnessed major advances in the understanding of cancer biology and major breakthroughs in several different therapeutic areas, from solid tumors to hematological malignancies; moreover, the advent of effective immunotherapy approaches, such as immune-checkpoint blockade, is revolutionizing treatment algorithms in almost all oncology disease areas. As knowledge evolves and new weapons emerge in the "war against cancer", clinical and translational research need to adapt to a rapidly changing environment to effectively translate novel concepts into sustainable and accessible therapeutic options for cancer patients...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182495/platelet-transfusion-for-patients-with-cancer-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-clinical-practice-guideline-update
#3
Charles A Schiffer, Kari Bohlke, Meghan Delaney, Heather Hume, Anthony J Magdalinski, Jeffrey J McCullough, James L Omel, John M Rainey, Paolo Rebulla, Scott D Rowley, Michael B Troner, Kenneth C Anderson
Purpose To provide evidence-based guidance on the use of platelet transfusion in people with cancer. This guideline updates and replaces the previous ASCO platelet transfusion guideline published initially in 2001. Methods ASCO convened an Expert Panel and conducted a systematic review of the medical literature published from September 1, 2014, through October 26, 2016. This review builds on two 2015 systematic reviews that were conducted by the AABB and the International Collaboration for Transfusion Medicine Guidelines...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180125/clinical-and-microbiological-characteristics-of-the-infections-in-patients-treated-with-rituximab-for-autoimmune-and-or-malignant-hematological-disorders
#4
REVIEW
Jean-Jacques Tudesq, Guillaume Cartron, Sophie Rivière, David Morquin, Laura Iordache, Alfred Mahr, Valérie Martinez-Pourcher, Kada Klouche, Diane Cerutti, Alain Le Quellec, Philippe Guilpain
INTRODUCTION: Rituximab is commonly used for the treatment of hematological malignancies and autoimmune diseases. Despite a reputation for good tolerance, case-series and registries reported rituximab-related infections of variable severity including opportunistic infections. We aimed at describing the natural history of infectious events (IE) after treatment by rituximab providing clinical and microbiological features and outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of patients treated with rituximab in an internal medicine department of a tertiary hospital between 2007 and 2015, and identified all iE after this therapy...
November 24, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172873/retrospective-evaluation-of-toceranib-phosphate-palladia-use-in-cats-with-mast-cell-neoplasia
#5
Erika P Berger, Chad M Johannes, Gerald S Post, Gillian Rothchild, Kai-Biu Shiu, Sarah Wetzel, Leslie E Fox
Objectives The purpose of this study was to solicit and compile data from practicing veterinary specialists regarding their use of toceranib in cats with mast cell neoplasia and to provide initial assessment of possible clinical benefit and adverse events. Methods The American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine and Oncology listservs were used to solicit data pertaining to cases in which toceranib was used in the treatment of feline mast cell neoplasia. Cases were included if the following data were received: signalment (age, sex, breed), diagnosis of mast cell neoplasia by either cytology or histopathology, anatomic classification of disease (cutaneous, splenic/hepatic, gastrointestinal, other), previous and concurrent treatment, toceranib dose (mg/kg) and schedule, duration of therapy, best response and documentation of adverse events...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153343/prevalence-of-anemia-in-hospitalized-internal-medicine-patients-correlations-with-comorbidities-and-length-of-hospital-stay
#6
Carlo Zaninetti, Catherine Klersy, Concetta Scavariello, Raffaella Bastia, Carlo L Balduini, Rosangela Invernizzi
BACKGROUND: Several studies have documented a linear growth of the prevalence of anemia with aging. Especially in hospitalized elderly patients, anemia can aggravate the course of chronic disorders, and ultimately get worse the clinical outcomes. METHODS: To evaluate the distribution, the main causes, and the possible correlations of anemia with comorbidities and length of hospitalization in a population of internal medicine inpatients, we carried out an observational study on a cohort of 923 consecutive admissions relative to 856 subjects...
November 16, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130901/quantification-of-fat-fraction-in-lumbar-vertebrae-correlation-with-age-and-implications-for-bone-marrow-dosimetry-in-molecular-radiotherapy
#7
Maikol Salas-Ramirez, Johannes Tran-Gia, Christian Kesenheimer, Andreas Max Weng, Aleksander Kosmala, Anke Heidemeier, Herbert Koestler, Michael Lassmann
Absorbed dose to active bone marrow is a predictor of hematological toxicity in molecular radiotherapy. Due to the complex composition of bone marrow tissue, the necessity to improve the personalized dosimetry has led to the application of non-conventional imaging methods in nuclear medicine. The aim of this study is to apply magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for quantification of the fat fraction in lumbar vertebrae and to analyze its implications for bone marrow dosimetry. Methods First, a highly accelerated two-point Dixon MRI sequence for fat-water separation was validated in a 3T system against the magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) gold standard...
November 13, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107143/a-thirteen-week-oral-toxicity-study-of-so-ochim-tang-gami-bang-a-traditional-korean-medicine-in-sprague-dawley-rats
#8
Mi Ju Lee, Myoung Jun Kim, Yang-Chun Park, Jeong June Choi, Mirim Jin, In Chul Jung
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: So-ochim-tang-gamibang (SOCG) is a traditional Korean medicine formulated to control internal energy flow (Qi) and has been prescribed to improve stress-induced depressive disorders. AIM OF THE STUDY: SOCG has been used in clinical practice for the last two decades and its efficacy against stress-induced thoracic pain has been suggested. Although SOCG has been used as an herbal formula in Korean medicine, its toxicity has not yet been evaluated...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988692/the-survey-on-cellular-and-tissue-engineered-therapies-in-europe-and-neighboring-eurasian-countries-in-2014-and-2015
#9
Hilary Ireland, Max H P Gay, Helen Baldomero, Barbara De Angelis, Hossein Baharvand, Mark W Lowdell, Jakob Passweg, Ivan Martin
BACKGROUND AIMS: With the support of five established scientific organizations, this report, the seventh of its kind, describes activity in Europe for the years 2014 and 2015 in the area of cellular and tissue-engineered therapies, excluding hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) treatments for the reconstitution of hematopoiesis. METHODS: In 2015 [respectively 2014], 205 [276] teams from 32 countries responded to the cellular and tissue-engineered therapy survey; 178 [126] teams reported treating 3686 [2665] patients...
October 4, 2017: Cytotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879784/non-chemotherapy-drug-induced-neutropenia-an-update
#10
REVIEW
Emmanuel Andrès, Rachel Mourot-Cottet
To date, non-chemotherapy drug-induced severe neutropenia (neutrophil count of ≤0.5 x 109/L) also called idiosyncratic drug-induced agranulocytosis is little discussed in the literature. In the present paper, we report and discuss the clinical data and management of this rare disorder. Areas covered: To do this, we carried out a review of the literature using PubMed database of the US National Library of Medicine. We also used data from the American Society of Hematology educational books, textbooks of Hematology and Internal medicine, and information gleaned from international meetings...
November 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857342/relationship-between-physicians-perceived-stigma-toward-depression-and-physician-referral-to-psycho-oncology-services-on-an-oncology-hematology-ward
#11
Won-Hyoung Kim, Jae-Nam Bae, Joo-Han Lim, Moon-Hee Lee, Bong-Jin Hahm, Hyeon Gyu Yi
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to identify relationships between physician's perceived stigma toward depression and psycho-oncology service utilization on an oncology/hematology ward. METHODS: The study participants were 235 patients in an oncology/hematology ward and 14 physicians undergoing an internal medicine residency training program in Inha University Hospital (Incheon, South Korea). Patients completed the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and residents completed the Perceived Devaluation-Discrimination (PDD) scale that evaluates perceived stigma toward depression...
August 30, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795915/where-teachers-are-few-documenting-available-faculty-in-five-tanzanian-medical-schools
#12
Charles A Mkony, Ephata E Kaaya, Alex J Goodell, Sarah B Macfarlane
Background Faced with one of the lowest physician-to-population ratios in the world, the Government of Tanzania is urging its medical schools to train more physicians. The annual number of medical students admitted across the country rose from 55 in the 1990s to 1,680 approved places for the 2015/16 academic year. These escalating numbers strain existing faculty. Objective To describe the availability of faculty in medical schools in Tanzania. Design We identified faculty lists published on the Internet by five Tanzanian medical schools for the 2011/12 academic year and analyzed the appointment status, rank, discipline, and qualifications of faculty members...
December 2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749296/bridging-gaps-between-zoo-and-wildlife-medicine-establishing-reference-intervals-for-free-ranging-african-lions-panthera-leo
#13
Heather M Broughton, Danny Govender, Purvance Shikwambana, Patrick Chappell, Anna Jolles
The International Species Information System has set forth an extensive database of reference intervals for zoologic species, allowing veterinarians and game park officials to distinguish normal health parameters from underlying disease processes in captive wildlife. However, several recent studies comparing reference values from captive and free-ranging animals have found significant variation between populations, necessitating the development of separate reference intervals in free-ranging wildlife to aid in the interpretation of health data...
June 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546866/a-diagnostic-protocol-designed-for-determining-allergic-causes-in-patients-with-blood-eosinophilia
#14
Jean-François Magnaval, Guy Laurent, Noémie Gaudré, Judith Fillaux, Antoine Berry
BACKGROUND: Blood eosinophilia is a common laboratory abnormality, and its characterization frequently represents a quandary for primary care physicians. Consequently, in France, specialists and particularly hematologists, often must investigate patients who present with blood eosinophilia that often, but not always, occurs because of allergic causes. Both the Departments of Hematology and Parasitology at Toulouse University Hospitals established a collaboration to rule out allergic causes of eosinophilia, particularly helminthiases, prior to initiating more sophisticated investigations...
2017: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420603/the-coags-uncomplicated-app-fulfilling-educational-gaps-around-diagnosis-and-laboratory-testing-of-coagulation-disorders
#15
Craig Kessler, Ellinor I Peerschke, Meera B Chitlur, Roshni Kulkarni, Natalia Holot, David L Cooper
BACKGROUND: Patients with coagulation disorders may present to a variety of physician specialties; however, accurate and efficient diagnosis can be challenging for physicians not specialized in hematology, due to identified gaps in knowledge around appropriate laboratory assays and interpretation of test results. Coags Uncomplicated was developed to fill this unmet educational need by increasing practical knowledge of coagulation disorders among nonexpert physicians and other health care professionals (HCPs) in a point-of-care (POC) setting...
April 18, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339965/opioid-prescriptions-by-specialty-in-ohio-2010-2014
#16
Scott G Weiner, Olesya Baker, Ann F Rodgers, Chad Garner, Lewis S Nelson, Peter W Kreiner, Jeremiah D Schuur
Background. : The current US opioid epidemic is attributed to the large volume of prescribed opioids. This study analyzed the contribution of different medical specialties to overall opioids by evaluating the pill counts and morphine milligram equivalents (MMEs) of opioid prescriptions, stratified by provider specialty, and determined temporal trends. Methods. : This was an analysis of the Ohio prescription drug monitoring program database, which captures scheduled medication prescriptions filled in the state as well as prescriber specialty...
March 6, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260960/clinical-hematological-and-cytogenetic-profile-of-adult-myelodysplastic-syndrome-in-a-tertiary-care-center
#17
Santhosh Narayanan
BACKGROUND: Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), a disorder of clonal hematopoiesis, is an important clinical entity, but most of the studies available are conducted among the Western population. Its etiological factors and clinicohematological profile in the Indian population are quite diverse. The information regarding its prognostic factors and cytogenetics is very scarce. OBJECTIVES: (1) To assess the clinicohematological profile, cytogenetics, prognostic factors, and outcome of MDS and (2) to study its progression to acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in the selected patients over the study period...
2017: Journal of Blood Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164761/mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-mapk-interacting-kinases-1-and-2-mnk1-and-mnk2-as-targets-for-cancer-therapy-recent-progress-in-the-development-of-mnk-inhibitors
#18
Agnieszka Dreas, Maciej Mikulski, Mariusz Milik, Charles-Henry Fabritius, Krzysztof Brzózka, Tomasz Rzymski
MAP kinase-interacting kinases (MNK1 and MNK2) are often activated downstream of ERK and p38 MAPK in the MAP kinase family. The role of MNKs in the development and progression of solid tumors and hematological malignancies has been widely discussed, particularly in the context of cap dependent translation, regulated by phosphorylation of eIF4E. MNK/eIF4E axis is involved in the expression of pro angiogenic, antiapoptotic, cell cycle, and motility proteins, such as MCL1, VEGF, MMP3, SNAIL, SMAD2, β-catenin or cyclin D1, and is essential during Ras and c Myc-induced transformation...
2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156648/is-empathy-associated-with-a-derived-sense-of-meaning-among-resident-physicians-working-with-patients-nearing-the-end-of-life-on-a-hematology-oncology-ward
#19
Jonathan Komisar
28 Background: An association between empathy and physician-in-training based meaning derived from patient deaths has not been explored previously. If meaning is associated with empathy, an intervention to enhance meaning may counteract empathy decline and promote clinician resilience. This study sought to understand if empathy might be associated with the ability to find meaning in the clinical situations that residents face in oncology. METHODS: Internal Medicine residents rotating on a Hematology/Oncology ward were asked "Do you derive a sense of meaning from working with dying patients? Yes or No...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156583/developing-a-supportive-oncology-program-in-a-cancer-institute-needs-assessment
#20
Tara Liberman, James D'Olimpio, Maria Carney
141 Background: Cancer patients experience significant symptom and psychosocial burden (Temel JS, et. al. N Engl J Med. 2010 Aug 19; 363(8):733-42. Early palliative care for patients with metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer.). Integration of supportive oncology programs within cancer centers has developed since the findings of Temel and Jackson. Addressing a growing need to manage patients comprehensively, the Northwell Health Divisions of Geriatric and Palliative Medicine and Hematology and Oncology partnered to initiate a community-based supportive oncology program...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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