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Recurrent laryngeal nerve

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732099/expression-of-concern-schietroma-m-cecilia-em-carlei-f-sista-f-de-santis-g-lancione-l-amicucci-g-dexamethasone-for-the-prevention-of-recurrent-laryngeal-nerve-palsy-and-other-complications-after-thyroid-surgery-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#1
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728986/intra-capsular-total-thyroid-enucleation-versus-total-thyroidectomy-in-treatment-of-benign-multinodular-goiter-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#2
Alaa M Sewefy, Tohamy A Tohamy, Tarek M Esmael, Ahmed M Atyia
BACKGROUND: Due to high recurrence rate after subtotal thyroidectomy, most of centers have shifted to total thyroidectomy as a surgical treatment for benign multinodular goiter (BMNG), but serious complications, as laryngeal nerve affection & hypocalcaemia, are still present. This study aimed to evaluate treatment of BMNG using intra-capsular total thyroid enucleation in comparison to standard total thyroidectomy. PATIENTS &METHODS: This is a prospective randomized controlled clinical trial conducted in a hospital in the period from December 2009 to December 2015...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719756/medialization-laryngoplasty-in-the-elderly-outcomes-and-expectations
#3
Andrew Jay Bowen, Tiffany L Huang, Michael S Benninger, Paul C Bryson
Objective To describe the profile and outcomes of elderly patients undergoing medialization laryngoplasty for vocal cord paralysis. Study Design Case series with retrospective review. Setting Tertiary care hospital. Subjects and Methods Patients were included in the study if they were >65 years old at the time of medialization laryngoplasty between 2008 and 2015. Patient comorbidities, anticoagulation status, disease etiology, and physical examination findings were recorded with postoperative length of stay, complications, pre- and posttreatment voice outcomes with the Voice Handicap Index (at 6 weeks, 4 months, 8 months, and 1 year), and postprocedural interventions (revision injections, surgery, therapy)...
July 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715809/thyroid-surgery-to-drain-or-not-to-drain-that-is-the-problem-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Mario Schietroma, Beatrice Pessia, Zuleyka Bianchi, Fabiola De Vita, Francesco Carlei, Stefano Guadagni, Gianfranco Amicucci, Marco Clementi
PURPOSE: We conducted a prospective, randomized study to evaluate the necessity of drainage after thyroid surgery. METHODS: The patients (n = 215) were randomly assigned to be treated with suction drains (group 1; n = 108) or not (group 2; n = 107). RESULTS: The postoperative pain scores were significantly lower in the non-drained group than in the drained group of patients at postoperative days 0 and at 1. Hematomas, seromas, wound infections, transient biochemical hypoparathyroidism, and transient damage of the recurrent laryngeal nerve occurred more frequently in the drained group than in the non-drained group...
July 15, 2017: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713700/transoral-endoscopic-thyroidectomy-using-vestibular-approach-updates-and-evidences
#5
REVIEW
Angkoon Anuwong, Hoon Yub Kim, Gianlorenzo Dionigi
Recently, natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) has been applied in thyroid surgery with transoral access. The benefit of transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy is the potential for scar-free surgery. However, there are many concerns over some aspects, such as infection, recurrent laryngeal nerve injury, and oncological outcome. In this paper, we have reviewed the development history and the current clinical evidence of this innovative surgery. We conclude that the transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy vestibular approach (TOETVA) is feasible and can be considered no longer an experimental operation...
June 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708629/successful-assessment-of-vocal-cord-palsy-before-tracheal-extubation-by-laryngeal-ultrasonography-in-a-patient-after-esophageal-surgery-a-case-report
#6
Natsuhiro Yamamoto, Yoshikazu Yamaguchi, Takeshi Nomura, Osamu Yamaguchi, Takahisa Goto
Laryngeal ultrasonography has mainly been performed after tracheal extubation. However, improvements in ultrasound technology now allow assessment of vocal cord function even under conditions of endotracheal intubation. We report herein the use of laryngeal ultrasonography in an endotracheally intubated patient after esophagectomy, which allowed us to make the presumptive diagnosis of bilateral recurrent nerve palsy before tracheal extubation. Our experience suggests that laryngeal ultrasonography may be useful in assessing vocal cord function even in endotracheally intubated patients, although the indications and efficacy remain to be determined...
July 13, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707698/cost-effectiveness-of-intraoperative-nerve-monitoring-in-avoidance-of-bilateral-recurrent-laryngeal-nerve-injury-in-patients-undergoing-total-thyroidectomy
#7
Z Al-Qurayshi, E Kandil, G W Randolph
BACKGROUND: Intraoperative nerve monitoring (IONM) provides dynamic neural information and is recommended for high-risk thyroid surgery. In this analysis, the cost-effectiveness of IONM in preventing bilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) injury was investigated. METHODS: A Markov chain model was constructed based on IONM use. The base-case patient was defined as a 40-year-old woman presenting with a 4·1-cm left-sided papillary thyroid cancer who developed RLN injury with loss of monitoring signal during planned bilateral thyroidectomy...
July 14, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703113/role-of-intraoperative-neuromonitoring-of-the-recurrent-laryngeal-nerves-during-thyroid-reoperations-of-recurrent-goiter
#8
Jan Sopiński, Krzysztof Kuzdak, Masoud Hedayati, Krzysztof Kołomecki
Reoperations of the thyroid gland are challenging to any surgeon. Such procedures are technically difficult and involve higher risk of complications than primary procedures. Recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) palsy is one of such complications The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) in preventing RLN palsy during recurrent goiter operations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the results of thyroid reoperation performed at the Department of Endocrine, General and Vascular Surgery of Medical University of Lodz in the period from January 2014 to June 2016...
June 30, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694597/management-of-cervical-monoradiculopathy-due-to-prolapsed-intervertebral-disc-an-institutional-experience
#9
Amresh S Bhaganagare, S A Nagesh, B G Shrihari, Vikas Naik, M N Nagarjun, Balaji S Pai
BACKGROUND: Cervical radiculopathy is the common clinical entity, often caused by "wear and tear" changes that occur in the spine. In the younger population, cervical radiculopathy is a result of a disc herniation or an acute injury causing foraminal impingement of an exiting nerve, whereas in the older individuals, it is due to foraminal narrowing from osteophyte formation, decreased disc height, and degenerative changes of the uncovertebral joints anteriorly and of the facet joints posteriorly...
April 2017: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681978/video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-and-jejunal-reconstruction-in-a-case-of-situs-inversus-totalis-with-esophageal-cancer
#10
Kei Hosoda, Keishi Yamashita, Hiromitsu Moriya, Mitsuru Nemoto, Hiroaki Mieno, Akira Ema, Marie Washio, Masahiko Watanabe
A 78-year-old man with situs inversus totalis who had a previous history of distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer was referred to our hospital for treatment of esophageal cancer. He was diagnosed as cT2N0M0 and underwent video-assisted thoracic surgery and open completion gastrectomy with jejunal reconstruction via the ante-thoracic route. The postoperative period was uneventful except for transient palsy of the right recurrent laryngeal nerve. Based on a preoperative assessment of anatomical abnormality and an intraoperative adaptation to the mirror image of the standard procedure, video-assisted esophagectomy was considered safe and feasible...
July 6, 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668875/neck-dissection-and-thoracoscopic-esophagectomy-in-esophageal-cancer-with-aberrant-subclavian-artery
#11
Hiroyuki Kitagawa, Tsutomu Namikawa, Kazuhiro Hanazaki
We report a case of esophageal cancer with a non-recurrent inferior laryngeal nerve associated with aberrant right subclavian artery treated with neck dissection followed by thoracoscopic esophagectomy. A 60-year-old man experienced esophageal cancer, hoarseness, and left supraclavicular lymph node swelling was noted on endoscopy. Computed tomography revealed an aberrant right subclavian artery between the esophagus and vertebrae. We administered neo-adjuvant chemotherapy and performed thoracoscopic esophagectomy...
July 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662922/descendens-vagohypoglossi-rare-variant-of-the-superior-root-of-ansa-cervicalis
#12
S Nayak B, P Shetty, D Reghunathan, A Aithal P, N Kumar
Knowledge of variants in the formation and position of the ansa cervicalis is important in head and neck surgery, specifically in reconstructions of the tongue that use the infrahyoid muscles, and in the anastomosis of the ansa cervicalis to the recurrent laryngeal nerve when the laryngeal muscles have been paralysed. We describe a rare variant of the superior root of the ansa cervicalis, which had a contribution from the vagus and hypoglossal nerves. The inferior root was formed by the C2 and C3 ventral rami, but it passed medial to the internal jugular vein before it joined the superior root to form the loop...
June 26, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661605/-peculiarities-of-operative-treatment-of-recurrent-goiter
#13
O P Kovalyov, O M Lyuhlka, I I Nemchenko, M O Dudchenko, M I Kravtsiv, V I Lyakhovskyi
Results of 20 patients with a recurrent goiter (RG) surgery were analyzed. All patients were from 37 to 73 years old. One-sided RG was in 6 patients, bilateral RG - in 14. With the purpose of specific intraoperation complications prevention the original method of final hemi- or thyroidectomy was developed. The observance of algorithm of actions during an operation concerning RG allows to prevent the damage of recur- rent laryngeal nerve and parathyroid glands.
August 2016: Klinichna Khirurhiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658876/combined-left-recurrent-laryngeal-nerve-and-phrenic-nerve-palsy-a-rare-presentation-of-thoracic-aortic-aneurysm
#14
Pradosh Kumar Sarangi, Pratisruti Hui, H S Sagar, Dinesh Kumar Kisku, Jayashree Mohanty
Hoarseness of voice due to Vocal Cord Palsy (VCP) resulting from aortic aneurysm is a rare entity. Hoarseness due to left Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve (RLN) paralysis caused by identifiable cardiovascular disease has been described as Ortner's syndrome or Cardiovocal syndrome. Very rarely, thoracic aortic aneurysm can cause Phrenic Nerve (PN) palsy causing hemidiaphragm paralysis. But, aortic aneurysm causing both RLN and PN palsy is an extremely rare occasion. Our literature review showed only three cases of combined RLN and PN palsy due to thoracic aortic aneurysm...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653112/the-role-of-intraoperative-nerve-monitoring-in-tracheal-surgery-20-year-experience-with-110-cases
#15
Sameep Kadakia, Moustafa Mourad, Arvind Badhey, Thomas Lee, Manlio Gessaroli, Yadranko Ducic
PURPOSE: To determine the utility of intraoperative nerve monitoring (IONM) during tracheal resection or slide tracheoplasty to prevent recurrent laryngeal nerve injury. METHODS: 110 patients underwent tracheal resection or tracheoplasty between 1997 and 2016. During the first 10-year period, IONM was not used while during the second 10-year period, IONM was used. 49 patients had surgery without IONM while 61 had surgery with IONM. During the post-operative period, patients with nerve injury were compared to determine if significant difference existed between the two modalities...
June 26, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650576/prognostic-factors-for-recurrence-of-locally-advanced-differentiated-thyroid-cancer
#16
Bo-Young Kim, Ji-Eun Choi, Eunkyu Lee, Young-Ik Son, Chung-Hwan Baek, Sun Woo Kim, Man Ki Chung
Background and Objectives To present treatment outcomes and prognostic factors for surgical management of locally advanced differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). METHODS: Retrospective review of 70 patients in a single, tertiary referral institution was done. Clinical pathology characteristics were analyzed to investigate prognosticators, based on primary endpoints; locoregional recurrence alone (LRR), total recurrence (LRR or distant metastasis (DM)), and recurrence-free survival. RESULTS: Recurrent laryngeal nerve (n = 31) and trachea (n = 30) were most commonly invaded organs by tumor...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648533/recurrent-laryngeal-nerve-injury-and-swallowing-dysfunction-in-neonatal-aortic-arch-repair
#17
Kamal K Pourmoghadam, William M DeCampli, Mark Ruzmetov, James Kosko, Sami Kishawi, Michael O'Brien, Amanda Cowden, Kurt Piggott, Harun Fakioglu
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the incidence, clinical effect, and recovery rate of vocal cord dysfunction (VCD) and swallowing dysfunction in neonates undergoing aortic arch repair. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 101 neonates who underwent aortic arch reconstruction from 2008 to 2015. Direct flexible laryngoscopy was performed in 89 patients before initiation of postoperative oral feeding after Norwood (n = 63) and non-Norwood (n = 26) arch reconstruction. We defined VCD as immobility of vocal cords or their lack of coaptation and poor mobility...
June 22, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646422/how-to-avoid-and-to-manage-post-operative-complications-in-thyroid-surgery
#18
REVIEW
Matteo Angelo Cannizzaro, Salvatore Lo Bianco, Maria Carolina Picardo, Daniele Provenzano, Antonino Buffone
Complications of thyroidectomy are hypoparathyroidism, recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy, and hemorrhage. These complications have a low incidence. Hypoparathyroidism is the most frequent complication of total thyroidectomy. Its incidence varies between 0.5 and 65%. This complication is also visible after reoperation for recurrent disease and in patients previously treated with radioiodine. Damage to the recurrent laryngeal nerve can be temporary or permanent, unilateral or bilateral. The bilateral lesion, associated with severe episodes of breathlessness, is a rare complication (0...
June 2017: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646334/extent-of-mediastinal-lymphadenectomy-and-survival-in-superficial-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#19
Seong Yong Park, Dae Joon Kim, Taeil Son, Yong Chan Lee, Chang Young Lee, Jin Gu Lee, Kyung Young Chung
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to investigate the utility of total mediastinal lymphadenectomy (ML) in superficial esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). METHODS: The medical records of 129 patients who underwent esophagectomy and lymph node dissection for pathologically confirmed pT1 ESCC between July 2006 and December 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. Limited ML, such as traditional 2-field or transhiatal esophagectomy, was performed in 42 patients (group 1), and total ML, including the bilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve nodes, was performed in 87 patients (group 2)...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643050/application-of-transoral-continuous-intraoperative-neuromonitoring-in-natural-orifice-transluminal-endoscopic-surgery-for-thyroid-disease-a-preliminary-study
#20
Han-Kun Chen, Chun-Liang Chen, Kuo-Shan Wen, Yi-Feng Lin, Kai-Yuan Lin, Yih-Huei Uen
BACKGROUND: The novel concept of continuous intraoperative neuromonitoring (Cont-IONM) through stimulation of the vagal nerve has been used in thyroidectomies to prevent imminent injury of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN). This article reports on this technology and the results of using transoral Cont-IONM in natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery for thyroid disease. METHODS: Cont-IONM of the RLN was achieved through automatic cyclical stimulation of the vagal nerve using a C2 monitor and delta stimulating electrode...
June 22, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
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