Read by QxMD icon Read

orthostatic tremor

Kun-Po Chen, For-Wey Lung
The aim of this study was to develop a reliable and valid short version of the Udvalg for Kliniske Undersogelser (UKU) to efficiently evaluate the side effects of antipsychotics in patients with schizophrenia. This multi-site study included 10 hospitals, which included 331 inpatients and outpatients diagnosed with schizophrenia. UKU, Clinical Global Impression-Severity (CGI-S), Personal and Social Performance (PSP) and dosage of paliperidone were collected. The predictive validity of the UKU-short version, as well as that of the CGI-S, PSP and paliperidone dosages, was analyzed using structural equation modeling (SEM), latent growth models (LGM), and confirmatory factor analysis to test its content and construct validity...
February 1, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
Marie Vidailhet, Emmanuel Roze, Lucie Maugest, Cécile Gallea
BACKGROUND: Primary orthostatic tremor is a rare disorder that is still under-diagnosed or misdiagnosed. Motor symptoms are fairly characteristics but the real impact on the patient's every day life and quality of life is under-estimated. The "how my patients taught me" format describes the impact on the patients' every day life with their own words, which is rarely done. CASE PRESENTATION: A 46 year old lady was diagnosed primary orthostatic tremor (POT) based on the cardinal symptoms: feelings of instability, leg tremor and fear of falling in the standing position, improvement with walking and disappearance while sitting, frequency of Tremor in the 13-18Hz range, normal neurological examination...
2017: Journal of Clinical Movement Disorders
Florian Schöberl, Katharina Feil, Guoming Xiong, Peter Bartenstein, Christian la Fougére, Klaus Jahn, Thomas Brandt, Michael Strupp, Marianne Dieterich, Andreas Zwergal
Primary orthostatic tremor is a rare neurological disease characterized mainly by a high frequency tremor of the legs while standing. The aim of this study was to identify the common core structures of the oscillatory circuit in orthostatic tremor and how it is modulated by changes of body position. Ten patients with orthostatic tremor and 10 healthy age-matched control subjects underwent a standardized neurological and neuro-ophthalmological examination including electromyographic and posturographic recordings...
January 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
Julián Benito-León, Ángela Domingo-Santos
BACKGROUND: Orthostatic tremor (OT) remains among the most intriguing and poorly understood of movement disorders. Compared to Parkinson's disease or even essential tremor, there are very few articles addressing more basic science issues. In this review, we will discuss the findings of main case series on OT, including data on etiology, pathophysiology, diagnostic approach, treatment strategies, and outcome. METHODS: Data for this review were identified by searching PUBMED (January 1966 to August 2016) for the terms "orthostatic tremor" or "shaky leg syndrome," which yielded 219 entries...
2016: Tremor and Other Hyperkinetic Movements
Julián Benito-León, Elan D Louis, Virginia Mato-Abad, Ulrike Dydak, Juan Álvarez-Linera, Juan Antonio Hernández-Tamames, José Antonio Molina-Arjona, Norberto Malpica, Michele Matarazzo, Juan Pablo Romero, Álvaro Sánchez-Ferro
The pathogenesis of orthostatic tremor (OT) remains unclear, although some evidence points to dysfunction in the brainstem or cerebellum. We used single voxel proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) (3 T) to investigate whether neurochemical changes underlie abnormal cerebellar or cortical function in OT. Fourteen OT patients and 14 healthy controls underwent 1H-MRS studies with voxels placed in midparietal gray matter and cerebellum (vermis and central white matter). Spectral analysis was analyzed using the software package LCModel (version 6...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Christian Blahak, Tamara Sauer, Hansjoerg Baezner, Marc E Wolf, Assel Saryyeva, Christoph Schrader, Hans-Holger Capelle, Michael G Hennerici, Joachim K Krauss
Orthostatic tremor (OT) is a rare form of tremor occurring in the legs when standing upright. Medical treatment frequently is unsatisfactory, thus in selected cases, surgical treatment, such as spinal cord stimulation (SCS) or thalamic deep brain stimulation has been proposed. We report the long-term results (follow-up (FU) 34-133 months) of SCS in four patients with medically intractable OT. Outcome was assessed by recording the time tolerated to stand still pre- and post-operatively and by a patient self-rating (PSR) scale (0 = poor to 6 = excellent)...
November 2016: Journal of Neurology
Elan D Louis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Tremor, which is a rhythmic oscillation of a body part, is among the most common involuntary movements. Rhythmic oscillations may manifest in a variety of ways; as a result, a rich clinical phenomenology surrounds tremor. For this reason, diagnosing tremor disorders can be particularly challenging. The aim of this article is to provide the reader with a straightforward approach to the diagnosis and management of patients with tremor. RECENT FINDINGS: Scientific understanding of the pathophysiologic basis of tremor disorders has grown considerably in recent years with the use of a broad range of neuroimaging approaches and rigorous, controlled postmortem studies...
August 2016: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
Muthuraman Muthuraman, Sergiu Groppa, Günter Deuschl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
Julián Benito-León, Elan D Louis, Eva Manzanedo, Juan Antonio Hernández-Tamames, Juan Álvarez-Linera, José Antonio Molina-Arjona, Michele Matarazzo, Juan Pablo Romero, Cristina Domínguez-González, Ángela Domingo-Santos, Álvaro Sánchez-Ferro
Very little is known about the pathogenesis of orthostatic tremor (OT). We have observed that OT patients might have deficits in specific aspects of neuropsychological function, particularly those thought to rely on the integrity of the prefrontal cortex, which suggests a possible involvement of frontocerebellar circuits. We examined whether resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) might provide further insights into the pathogenesis on OT. Resting-state fMRI data in 13 OT patients (11 women and 2 men) and 13 matched healthy controls were analyzed using independent component analysis, in combination with a "dual-regression" technique, to identify group differences in several resting-state networks (RSNs)...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Julián Benito-León, Angela Domingo-Santos, Anhar Hassan, J Eric Ahlskog, Joseph Y Matsumoto, James H Bower
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2016: Neurology
Sigurlaug Sveinbjornsdottir
In this review, the clinical features of Parkinson's disease, both motor and non-motor, are described in the context of the progression of the disease. Also briefly discussed are the major treatment strategies and their complications. Parkinson's disease is a slowly progressing neurodegenerative disorder, causing impaired motor function with slow movements, tremor and gait and balance disturbances. A variety of non-motor symptoms are common in Parkinson's disease. They include disturbed autonomic function with orthostatic hypotension, constipation and urinary disturbances, a variety of sleep disorders and a spectrum of neuropsychiatric symptoms...
October 2016: Journal of Neurochemistry
Cécile Gallea, Traian Popa, Daniel García-Lorenzo, Romain Valabregue, André-Pierre Legrand, Emmanuelle Apartis, Lea Marais, Bertrand Degos, Cecile Hubsch, Sara Fernández-Vidal, Eric Bardinet, Emmanuel Roze, Stéphane Lehéricy, Sabine Meunier, Marie Vidailhet
SEE MUTHURAMAN ET AL DOI101093/AWW164 FOR A SCIENTIFIC COMMENTARY ON THIS ARTICLE: Primary orthostatic tremor is characterized by high frequency tremor affecting the legs and trunk during the standing position. Cerebellar defects were suggested in orthostatic tremor without direct evidence. We aimed to characterize the anatomo-functional defects of the cerebellar motor pathways in orthostatic tremor. We used multimodal neuroimaging to compare 17 patients with orthostatic tremor and 17 age- and gender-matched healthy volunteers...
August 2016: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
Lazzaro di Biase, Renato Puppi Munhoz
INTRODUCTION: Deep brain stimulation effectiveness is well recognized for different movement disorders including Parkinson's disease, dystonia and essential tremor, however several other diseases in this field may benefit from the technique although experience is sparse and evidences of benefit and risks are not established. AREAS COVERED: In this review, we explored available evidence for effectiveness and safety of DBS in selected hyperkinetic movement disorders, including tardive dyskinesia, Huntington's disease, neuroacanthocytosis, myoclonus-dystonia, Tourette syndrome, orthostatic and Holmes' tremor...
September 2016: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
Robert R Coleman, Philip A Starr, Maya Katz, Graham A Glass, Monica Volz, Suketu M Khandhar, Jill L Ostrem
BACKGROUND: Orthostatic tremor (OT) is characterized by high-frequency leg tremor when standing still, resulting in a sense of imbalance, with limited treatment options. Ventral intermediate (Vim) nucleus thalamic deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been reported as beneficial in a few cases. OBJECTIVE: To report clinical outcomes, lead locations, and stimulation parameters in 2 patients with severe medication-refractory OT treated with Vim DBS. METHODS: The patients underwent surface electromyography (EMG) to confirm the OT diagnosis...
2016: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
Robert J Ure, Sanveer Dhanju, Anthony E Lang, Alfonso Fasano
Tremor is a common neurological condition in clinical practice; yet, few syndromes are widely recognised and discussed in the literature. As a result, there is an overdiagnosis of well-known causes, such as essential tremor. Many important unusual syndromes should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients with tremor. The objective of this review is to provide broad clinical information to aid in the recognition and treatment of various unusual tremor syndromes in the adult and paediatric populations...
November 2016: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
Z Aldaajani, F C F Chang, S D Kim, N Mahant, V S C Fung
Orthostatic unsteadiness (unsteadiness on standing) is a relatively common symptom and can have neurological or non-neurological causes. Glass et al. have recently described a syndrome presenting with unsteadiness or leg jerking during standing or gait initiation difficulty which they have termed orthostatic myoclonus (OM). OM is a disabling syndrome but potentially treatable. It may develop on the background of neurodegenerative disease; other causes include pro-myoclonic drugs such as tricyclic antidepressants...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Christopher Kobylecki, Monty A Silverdale, Jeremy P R Dick, Mark W Kellett, Andrew G Marshall
BACKGROUND: We aimed to characterize the clinical and electrophysiological features of patients with slow orthostatic tremor. CASE REPORT: The clinical and neurophysiological data of patients referred for lower limb tremor on standing were reviewed. Patients with symptomatic or primary orthostatic tremor were excluded. Eight patients were identified with idiopathic slow 4-8 Hz orthostatic tremor, which was associated with tremor and dystonia in cervical and upper limb musculature...
2015: Tremor and Other Hyperkinetic Movements
Julián Benito-León, Elan D Louis, Verónica Puertas-Martín, Juan Pablo Romero, Michele Matarazzo, José Antonio Molina-Arjona, Cristina Domínguez-González, Álvaro Sánchez-Ferro
INTRODUCTION: Evidence suggests that the cerebellum could play a role in the pathophysiology of orthostatic tremor. The link between orthostatic tremor and the cerebellum is of interest, especially in light of the role the cerebellum plays in cognition, and it raises the possibility that orthostatic tremor patients could have cognitive deficits consistent with cerebellar dysfunction. Our aim was to examine whether orthostatic tremor patients had cognitive deficits and distinct personality profiles when compared with matched controls...
February 15, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Ikuko Miyazaki, Masato Asanuma
Astrocytes are the most abundant neuron-supporting glial cells in the central nervous system. The neuroprotective role of astrocytes has been demonstrated in various neurological disorders such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, spinal cord injury, stroke and Parkinson's disease (PD). Astrocyte dysfunction or loss-of-astrocytes increases the susceptibility of neurons to cell death, while astrocyte transplantation in animal studies has therapeutic advantage. We reported recently that stimulation of serotonin 1A (5-HT1A) receptors on astrocytes promoted astrocyte proliferation and upregulated antioxidative molecules to act as a neuroprotectant in parkinsonian mice...
2016: Current Medicinal Chemistry
Pichet Termsarasab, Thananan Thammongkolchai, Steven J Frucht
Spinal-generated movement disorders (SGMDs) include spinal segmental myoclonus, propriospinal myoclonus, orthostatic tremor, secondary paroxysmal dyskinesias, stiff person syndrome and its variants, movements in brain death, and painful legs-moving toes syndrome. In this paper, we review the relevant anatomy and physiology of SGMDs, characterize and demonstrate their clinical features, and present a practical approach to the diagnosis and management of these unusual disorders.
2015: Journal of Clinical Movement Disorders
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"