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Michael Matthew McClay, Stephen S O'Connor, Brittany Nicole Groh, Marissa Baudino, Lisa Venanzi, Angela Shields, Jo Ellen Wilson, John Bone, Stephen Nicolson
OBJECTIVE: Evidence suggests that suicide attempts by self-inflicted gunshot wound (GSW) are underreported and may in turn affect disposition following hospitalization. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical characteristics and use of services among individuals who do not disclose suicidal intent following a self-inflicted GSW. METHODS: Electronic medical record data from 128 survivors of self-inflicted GSWs at a level 1 trauma center were analyzed to identify factors associated with nondisclosure of a suicide attempt to medical staff...
March 15, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
M Simermann, S Rothenburger, B Auburtin, J-M Hascoët
INTRODUCTION: Denial of pregnancy remains a phenomenon little known to healthcare professionals. Yet its repercussions are far from negligible. The aim of this study was to assess whether denial of pregnancy has an impact on the infant's development. PATIENTS AND METHOD: This prospective study included 51 full-term infants born in Nancy Regional Maternity Hospital between 1 January 2009 and 30 June 2015. In this study, the development of the children was followed longitudinally...
March 7, 2018: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
I-Chan Huang, Conor M Jones, Tara M Brinkman, Melissa M Hudson, D Kumar Srivastava, Yuelin Li, Leslie L Robison, Kevin R Krull
BACKGROUND: To the authors' knowledge, social network status in adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer survivors has not been adequately studied to date. The authors developed and validated a functional social network index (FSNI) for AYA survivors, and compared its performance with that of 2 traditional indices (density and betweenness centrality). METHODS: A total of 102 AYA survivors and 102 noncancer controls who were matched for age, sex, and race were recruited from an Internet panel...
March 8, 2018: Cancer
Omolade Femi-Ajao, Sarah Kendal, Karina Lovell
INTRODUCTION: Domestic violence and abuse has been recognised as an international public health problem. However, the pervasiveness of the problem is unknown due in part to underreporting, especially among women from ethnic minority populations. In relation to this group, this review seeks to explore: (1) the barriers to disclosure; (2) the facilitators of help-seeking; and (3) self-perceived impacts of domestic violence. DESIGN: We systematically identified published qualitative studies conducted among women from ethnic minority populations in the UK...
March 7, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
Aubid Allah Khan, Naveed Akhtar, Asadullah Madni, Nayab Tahir, Mubashar Rehman, Ahmed Raza, Aurangzeb Qadir
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease that is communicable from one person to another. Pakistan stands forefront among few unfortunate countries that still have heavy burden of TB infection. Being a developing country, TB patients in Pakistan have to face different socio-economic constraints that upset life of the patients as well as their families. A cross sectional survey was conducted in three selected districts, Lodharan, Bahawalpur and Bahawalnagar during February 2011 to June 2011. From three hundred selected patients 210 Were enrolled in study after receiving written consents...
May 2017: Acta Poloniae Pharmaceutica
Steven E Nissen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
Dena S Davis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
Andrew Bamji
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
Aditee Ghate
The paper explores the impact of the dissociated feminine principle resulting from the trauma of cultural displacement in a young Chinese woman keen to embrace a modern Western identity. A case study illustrates the outcome of the client both consciously and unconsciously rejecting the traditional stereotypical Chinese feminine identity and instead embracing the distorted, yet seductive, image of the Western (Caucasian) woman as independent, intellectual and confident. Her defensive denial of the traditional feminine was dealt with by intellectualising both personal and professional relationships...
April 2018: Journal of Analytical Psychology
Elizabeth G Mann, Margaret B Harrison, Sandra LeFort, Elizabeth G VanDenKerkhof
Individuals with chronic pain with neuropathic characteristics (CPNC) describe a different pain experience compared with those with chronic pain without neuropathic characteristics (CP). The aim of this study was to describe and compare pain, self-management strategies, and satisfaction with ability to control pain between adults with CPNC versus CP. Seven hundred and ten community-dwelling adults with chronic pain participated in a cross-sectional survey. CPNC was defined as a score ≥12 on the Self-Report Leeds Assessment of Neuropathic Symptoms and Signs Pain Scale...
March 1, 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
Elizabeth A Bowen, Andrew Irish
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the food-seeking experiences of homeless emerging adults (age 18-24 years) in a US urban context. DESIGN: The study used a qualitative descriptive design, combining semi-structured interviews with a standardized quantitative measure of food insecurity. Interview data were coded using constant comparative methods to identify patterns across and within interviews. Emerging themes were confirmed and refined through member checking. SETTING: Buffalo, a mid-sized city in the Northeastern USA...
March 5, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
K T Kioulos, Z H Alexandri, A T Kioulou, I D Bergiannaki
Forgivingness occupies a prominent place in religions as well as in various philosophical systems of ethics and can be defined as the free, personal distancing from feelings of rage and resentment toward a person or persons having committed an injustice. The main psychological function of forgiveness consists in allowing for the replacement of negative emotions by positive ones, such as generosity, goodness, compassion, empathy, or even love toward the offender. It must be emphasized that forgiveness is independent from reconciliation, and it is not simply a form of tolerance, justification, oblivion, underestimation, denial or amnesty...
October 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
Andrew H Rogers, Jafar Bakhshaie, Hantin Lam, Kirsten J Langdon, Joseph W Ditre, Michael J Zvolensky
Pain problems are of significant public health concern, and with opioid-related problems and death due to overdose at an all-time high, there is significant public health importance to identify risk factors that link instances of pain to opioid misuse among persons with pain whether or not they have been prescribed opioids for pain management. Severe pain and pain-related problems have been associated with increased risk for opioid misuse, and recent research indicates that pain-related anxiety (worry about the negative consequences of pain) may contribute to a more debilitating pain experience...
February 26, 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
Tsuyoshi Okuhara, Hirono Ishikawa, Masahumi Okada, Mio Kato, Takahiro Kiuchi
Background: Cancer screening rates are lower in Japan than in Western countries. Meanwhile, anti-cancer-screening activists take to the internet to spread their messages that cancer screening has little or no efficacy, poses substantial health risks such as side effects from radiation exposure, and that people should forgo cancer screening. We applied a qualitative approach to explore the beliefs underlying the messages of anti-cancer-screening websites, by focusing on perceived value the beliefs provided to those who held them...
February 26, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
N Rink, F Muttalib, G Morantz, L Chase, J Cleveland, C Rousseau, P Li
Introduction: In June 2012, the government of Canada severely restricted the scope of the Interim Federal Health Program that had hitherto provided coverage for the health care needs of refugee claimants. The Quebec government decided to supplement coverage via the provincial health program. Despite this, we hypothesized that refugee claimant children in Montreal would continue to experience significant difficulties in accessing basic health care. Objectives: (1) Report the narrative experiences of refugee claimant families who were denied health care services in Montreal following June 2012, (2) describe the predominant barriers to accessing health care services and understanding their impact using thematic analysis and (3) derive concrete recommendations for child health care providers to improve access to care for refugee claimant children...
November 2017: Paediatrics & Child Health
Corey E Flanders, Marianne LeBreton, Margaret Robinson
In order to better serve bisexual women, clinicians and researchers need tools that accurately reflect and capture bisexual women's experiences of stigma and affirmation. These tools are essential as research indicates that bisexual women experience poorer mental health than either heterosexual or lesbian women. Our community-based study developed and psychometrically evaluated the Bisexual Microaggression and Microaffirmation Scales for Women (BMMS-W). We held focus groups and advisory committee meetings with bisexual women to identify common experiences of microaggressions and microaffirmations and drafted over 200 potential survey items...
February 23, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Adrienne R Boissy, Mikkael A Sekeres
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 22, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Olayinka O Shiyanbola, Earlise Ward, Carolyn Brown
Objective: Illness representations, known as patients' beliefs and expectations about an illness, may be influenced by cultural beliefs and personal experiences. This study explored African Americans' perceptions of the sociocultural factors that influence their representations of diabetes. Design: Six semi-structured focus groups. Setting: Private space at a convenient site. Participants: Forty African Americans, aged 45-60 years with type 2 diabetes for at least one year prior...
2018: Ethnicity & Disease
Brian R Wood, Vanessa M McMahan, Kelly Naismith, Jonathan B Stockton, Lori A Delaney, Joanne D Stekler
BACKGROUND: We aimed to assess HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) awareness and prescribing practices among Washington State medical providers from diverse professional disciplines and practice types. METHODS: In May 2016, we administered an anonymous online survey to licensed medical practitioners who provide primary, longitudinal, walk-in, emergency, obstetric, gynecologic, sexually transmitted infection (STI), or family planning care. RESULTS: Of 735 eligible providers, 64...
January 4, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Toni C Saad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2018: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
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