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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214468/difficulties-experienced-by-veterinarians-when-communicating-about-emerging-zoonotic-risks-with-animal-owners-the-case-of-hendra-virus
#1
Diana H Mendez, Petra Büttner, Jenny Kelly, Madeleine Nowak, Rick Speare Posthumously
BACKGROUND: Communication skills are essential for veterinarians who need to discuss animal health related matters with their clients. When dealing with an emerging zoonosis, such as Hendra virus (HeV), veterinarians also have a legal responsibility to inform their clients about the associated risks to human health. Here we report on part of a mixed methods study that examined the preparedness of, and difficulties experienced by, veterinarians communicating about HeV-related risks with their clients...
February 18, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210340/the-relationship-between-stress-and-coping-in-table-tennis
#2
Dora Kurimay, Alison Pope-Rhodius, Miran Kondric
The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between cognitive competitive anxiety intensity and coping strategies in table tennis players. One hundred and two (102) US competitive table tennis players of age range from 10 to 60 filled out a Revised Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2 (CSAI-2R, Cox et al., 2003) at least 30 minutes before the start of their tournament match and a Modified Cope questionnaire (MCOPE; Crocker and Graham, 1995) 15 minutes after they finished their match. Our study found significant differences between low and high cognitive competitive anxiety groups with regard to the use of coping strategies...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207426/psychological-characteristics-of-early-stage-melanoma-patients-a-cross-sectional-study-on-204-patients
#3
Valentina Tesio, Simone Ribero, Lorys Castelli, Stefania Bassino, Paolo Leombruni, Virginia Caliendo, Marcella Grassi, Danilo Lauro, Giuseppe Macripò, Riccardo G V Torta
The presence of psychological distress has a negative impact not only on cancer patients' quality of life but also on the course of the disease, with slower recovery and increased morbidity. These issues are of particular importance in melanoma patients (MP), who remain at risk of disease progression for many years after diagnosis. This study aimed to investigate psychological distress, coping strategies, and their possible relationships with demographic-clinical features in patients with early-stage melanoma in follow-up...
February 15, 2017: Melanoma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188152/perineal-resuturing-versus-expectant-management-following-vaginal-delivery-complicated-by-a-dehisced-wound-preview-a-nested-qualitative-study
#4
L Dudley, C Kettle, J Waterfield, Khaled M K Ismail
OBJECTIVE: To explore women's lived experiences of a dehisced perineal wound following childbirth and how they felt participating in a pilot and feasibility randomised controlled trial (RCT). DESIGN: A nested qualitative study using semistructured interviews, underpinned by descriptive phenomenology. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: A purposive sample of six women at 6-9 months postnatal who participated in the RCT were interviewed in their own homes...
February 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184149/can-caring-create-prejudice-an-investigation-of-positive-and-negative-intergenerational-contact-in-care-settings-and-the-generalisation-of-blatant-and-subtle-age-prejudice-to-other-older-people
#5
Lisbeth Drury, Dominic Abrams, Hannah J Swift, Ruth A Lamont, Katarina Gerocova
Caring is a positive social act, but can it result in negative attitudes towards those cared for, and towards others from their wider social group? Based on intergroup contact theory, we tested whether care workers' (CWs) positive and negative contact with old-age care home residents (CHRs) predicts prejudiced attitudes towards that group, and whether this generalises to other older people. Fifty-six CWs were surveyed about their positive and negative contact with CHRs and their blatant and subtle attitudes (humanness attributions) towards CHRs and older adults...
January 2017: Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169206/bariatric-surgery-in-patients-with-bipolar-spectrum-disorders-selection-factors-postoperative-visit-attendance-and-weight-outcomes
#6
Kelli E Friedman, Katherine Applegate, Dana Portenier, Megan A McVay
BACKGROUND: As many as 3% of bariatric surgery candidates are diagnosed with a bipolar spectrum disorder. OBJECTIVES: 1) To describe differences between patients with bipolar spectrum disorders who are approved and not approved for surgery by the mental health evaluator and 2) to examine surgical outcomes of patients with bipolar spectrum disorders. SETTING: Academic medical center, United States. METHODS: A retrospective record review was conducted of consecutive patients who applied for bariatric surgery between 2004 and 2009...
October 17, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166297/correction-inferring-passenger-denial-behavior-of-taxi-drivers-from-large-scale-taxi-traces
#7
Sihai Zhang, Zhiyang Wang
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0165597.].
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163691/coping-strategies-in-liver-transplant-recipients-and-caregivers-according-to-patient-posttraumatic-growth
#8
M Ángeles Pérez-San-Gregorio, Agustín Martín-Rodríguez, Mercedes Borda-Mas, M Luisa Avargues-Navarro, José Pérez-Bernal, M Ángel Gómez-Bravo
The purpose of this study was to analyze the differences in coping strategies employed by liver transplant recipients and their family members according to patient posttraumatic growth. Two matched groups of 214 liver transplant recipients and 214 family members were selected. The Posttraumatic Growth Inventory and Brief COPE were used. The most relevant results were: (1) Interactive effects in active coping, support (instrumental and emotional) and acceptance strategies, which were all used more by patients with higher growth levels, while their family members showed no differences in use of these strategies by patient growth level...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160185/diabetes-distress-or-major-depressive-disorder-a-practical-approach-to-diagnosing-and-treating-psychological-comorbidities-of-diabetes
#9
Kathryn Evans Kreider
The presence of major depressive disorder (MDD) in people with diabetes may be up to three times more common than in the general population. People with diabetes and major depressive disorder have worse health outcomes and higher mortality rates. Diabetes distress refers to an emotional state where people experience feelings such as stress, guilt, or denial that arise from living with diabetes and the burden of self-management. Diabetes distress has also been linked to worse health outcomes. There are multiple treatment options for MDD including pharmacotherapy and cognitive behavioral approaches...
February 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157722/genotype-guided-diagnosis-in-familial-hypercholesterolemia-clinical-management-and-concerns
#10
Paul N Hopkins, Stacey R Lane
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this review, we examine benefits and concerns associated with genetic testing in the clinical management of familial hypercholesterolemia (FH). RECENT FINDINGS: Application of next-generation sequencing and other advances provide improved yield of causal mutations compared with older methods and help disclose underlying pathophysiology in many instances. Concerns regarding clinical application of genetic testing remain. SUMMARY: More widespread application of genetic testing for FH in the USA may be forthcoming...
February 2, 2017: Current Opinion in Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156677/insurer-pre-authorization-and-copayment-for-palliative-patients-with-cancer-receiving-opioids-other-than-morphine
#11
Akhila Sunkepally Reddy, Eden Mae Rodriguez, Eduardo Bruera
: 217 Background: Uncontrolled pain is one of the main fears for patients with cancer and their families. Opioid analgesics are highly effective agents, but the choice of type, route, and dose needs to be personalized. The highly cost of some of them can make it difficult for patients to received adequate pain control without appropriate insurance coverage. There is a lack of information regarding the frequency of denials or heavy copayments by insurers. METHODS: We evaluated 143 continuous opioid test claims for prescriptions by our palliative care providers for opioids other than morphine, including transdermal fentanyl, extended release oxycodone, hydromorphone and oxymorphone...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156591/symptom-burdens-and-coping-strategies-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-aya-cancer-survivors-with-hematologic-malignancies
#12
Lori S Muffly, Joseline X Gomez, Kate Breitenbach, Jennifer Lynn McNeer, Wendy Stock, Christopher Daugherty
: 256 Background: Prior research reveals that AYA survivors face significant short-term and long-term physical and psychological symptom burdens (SB) as a result of disease and treatment. Yet, the prevalence of SB and their effect on AYA coping in hematologic survivors has not been described. METHODS: AYA patients (15-40 years at diagnosis) of acute leukemia, aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and Hodgkin lymphoma undergoing curative intent therapy (on-treatment cohort) or 2 year completion of therapy and in remission (early survivor cohort) completed following measures: depression (CES-D), state anxiety (STAI-S), PTSD (PCL-C), HRQOL (FACIT-G), Coping (Brief COPE)...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156531/spirituality-religiosity-spiritual-pain-and-quality-of-life-among-caregivers-of-latin-american-patients-with-advanced-cancer-a-multicenter-study
#13
Alejandra Palma, Eva Rossina Duarte, Monica Grez, Laura Tupper, Diane D Liu, Andrea Octavia Ferguson, Hilda Cantu, Jewel Ochoa, Janet L Williams, Eduardo Bruera
: 245 Background: Caregivers of cancer patients often face physical, and psychosocial hardship. The association between spirituality (S), religiosity (R), spiritual pain (SP), coping, and quality of life (QOL) have not been well characterized. The main purpose of this multicenter study was to determine these associations among LACs. METHODS: We interviewed 319 LACs at palliative care clinics in Chile, Guatemala, and the US. LACs completed FICA (S/R assessment), ESAS-FS, PSWQ (worry), B-COPE/B-R-COPE (coping), and FACIT-Sp (spiritual well-being)...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156467/association-between-tobacco-use-pain-expression-and-maladaptive-coping-among-patients-with-advanced-cancer
#14
Yu Jung Kim, Akhila Sunkepally Reddy, David Hui, Kimberson Cochien Tanco, Diane D Liu, Minjeong Park, Janet L Williams, Cindy L Carmack, Eduardo Bruera
: 65 Background: Cancer patients who smoke have been reported to have higher pain expression and increased risk for opioid abuse. The purpose of our study is to evaluate the association between tobacco use, symptom expression, and maladaptive coping in advanced cancer patients. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled advanced cancer patients evaluated in an outpatient Supportive Care Center and collected data on patient demographics, cancer diagnosis, morphine equivalent daily dose (MEDD), cigarette smoking status using Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, symptom expression as measured by Edmonton Symptom Assessment Scale, Cut down/Annoyed/Guilty/Eye opener (CAGE alcoholism questionnaire), short form Screener and Opioid Assessment for Patients with Pain (SOAP-SF) survey, and Brief COPE Questionnaire...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153742/adoption-decision-making-among-women-seeking-abortion
#15
Gretchen Sisson, Lauren Ralph, Heather Gould, Diana Greene Foster
BACKGROUND: Little is known about how adoption factors into pregnancy decision making, particularly when abortion is unavailable. METHODS: We used data from the Turnaway Study, a longitudinal study of 956 women seeking abortion, including 231 women denied abortions owing to gestational limits. Through semiannual quantitative interviews, we assessed the frequency with which women denied abortion considered and choose adoption, and, among adoption participants, decision satisfaction...
January 30, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151937/conspiracy-beliefs-and-knowledge-about-hiv-origins-among-adolescents-in-soweto-south-africa
#16
Robert Hogg, Busisiwe Nkala, Janan Dietrich, Alexandra Collins, Kalysha Closson, Zishan Cui, Steve Kanters, Jason Chia, Bernard Barhafuma, Alexis Palmer, Angela Kaida, Glenda Gray, Cari Miller
PURPOSE: We examined adolescents' knowledge regarding the origin of HIV/AIDS and correlates of beliefs surrounding conspiracy theories in Soweto, South Africa. Now, a decade post-AIDS denialism, South Africa has the largest antiretroviral therapy roll-out worldwide. However, conspiracy theories stemming from past AIDS denialism may impact HIV prevention and treatment efforts. METHODS: Study participants were recruited through the Kganya Motsha Adolescent Health Centre and the Perinatal HIV Research Unit's Botsha Bophelo Adolescent Health Study (BBAHS)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148338/psychological-correlates-of-civilian-preparedness-for-conflicts
#17
Moran Bodas, Maya Siman-Tov, Shulamith Kreitler, Kobi Peleg
OBJECTIVES: Preparedness for emergencies and disasters is imperative for public resilience. Previous studies have revealed low levels of civilian preparedness for conflicts. Classic behavioral models prove inapt in describing preparedness patterns in victimized populations chronically exposed to this threat. In an effort to expand this perspective, we hypothesized that other psychological constructs are correlated with preparedness. METHODS: A cross-sectional, Internet-based study was performed in Israel in early 2016...
February 2, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144045/diabetes-is-devastating-and-insulin-is-a-death-sentence-provider-perspectives-of-diabetes-self-management-in-arab-american-patients
#18
Roseanne DiZazzo-Miller, Fredrick D Pociask, Elizabeth A Bertran, Heather A Fritz, Malak Abbas, Sandra Tarakji, Catherine L Lysack, Linda A Jaber, Judith Arnetz
IN BRIEF The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine providers' perspectives on cultural barriers and facilitators to diabetes self-management (DSM) in Arab Americans to identify factors to enhance DSM education in the Arab-American community. The main barriers to DSM from the providers' perspective were the disease itself and patients' denial or refusal to recognize it, reflecting the stigma of the disease. Cultural aspects also included overlapping themes that both facilitated and presented barriers to DSM...
January 2017: Clinical Diabetes: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143514/a-qualitative-study-of-language-barriers-between-south-african-health-care-providers-and-cross-border-migrants
#19
Jo Hunter-Adams, Hanna-Andrea Rother
BACKGROUND: Communication with health care providers represents an essential part of access to health care for the over 230 million cross-border migrants around the world. In this article, we explore the complexity of health communication from the perspective of cross-border migrants seeking antenatal care in Cape Town, South Africa in order to highlight the importance of high quality medical interpretation. METHODS: As part of a broader study of migrant maternal and infant nutrition, we conducted a secondary data analysis of semi-structured in-depth interviews (N = 23) with Congolese (n = 7), Somali (n = 8) and Zimbabwean (n = 8) women living in Cape Town, as well as nine focus group discussions (including men: n = 3 and women: n = 6) were conducted with migrant Somalis, Congolese, and Zimbabweans (N = 48)...
January 31, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141916/justifying-non-standard-exception-requests-for-pediatric-liver-transplant-candidates-an-analysis-of-narratives-submitted-to-the-united-network-for-organ-sharing-2009-2014
#20
Emily R Perito, Hillary J Braun, Jennifer L Dodge, Sue Rhee, John P Roberts
Non-standard exception requests (NSERs), for which transplant centers provide patient-specific narratives to support a higher MELD/PELD score, are made for > 30% of pediatric liver transplant candidates. We describe the justifications used in pediatric NSER narratives 2009-2014 and identify justifications associated with NSER denial, waitlist mortality, and transplant. Using UNOS data, 1,272 NSER narratives from 1,138 children with NSERs were coded for analysis. The most common NSER justifications were failure-to-thrive (48%) and risk of death (40%); both associated with approval...
January 31, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
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