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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345993/socioeconomic-outcomes-of-women-who-receive-and-women-who-are-denied-wanted-abortions-in-the-united-states
#1
Diana Greene Foster, M Antonia Biggs, Lauren Ralph, Caitlin Gerdts, Sarah Roberts, M Maria Glymour
OBJECTIVES: To determine the socioeconomic consequences of receipt versus denial of abortion. METHODS: Women who presented for abortion just before or after the gestational age limit of 30 abortion facilities across the United States between 2008 and 2010 were recruited and followed for 5 years via semiannual telephone interviews. Using mixed effects models, we evaluated socioeconomic outcomes for 813 women by receipt or denial of abortion care. RESULTS: In analyses that adjusted for the few baseline differences, women denied abortions who gave birth had higher odds of poverty 6 months after denial (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 3...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344045/predicting-nurses-psychological-safety-based-on-the-forgiveness-skill
#2
Abbas Rahmati, Maryam Poormirzaei
Background: Forgiveness, as an intentional denial of your right of anger and aversion from a harmful deed, is related to many psychological processes of human which results in more psychological safety for people. The present study aimed to predict the psychological safety of nurses through different dimensions of forgiveness skill. Materials and Methods: This correlational study was conducted on 170 nurses working in Kerman hospitals during 2016-2017 who were selected based on convenience random sampling...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338328/avoidance-meaning-and-grief-psychosocial-factors-influencing-engagement-in-hiv-care
#3
Georgia J Michlig, Ryan P Westergaard, Yukyan Lam, Azal Ahmadi, Gregory D Kirk, Andrew Genz, Jeanne Keruly, Heidi Hutton, Pamela J Surkan
Although the introduction of antiretroviral therapy has rendered HIV a chronic illness, inconsistent engagement in HIV care by key populations limits its public health impact. Poor engagement in care is especially prevalent among vulnerable populations with mental health and substance use disorders. Beyond structural and health system considerations, psychosocial factors may present challenges to sustained engagement. We conducted a qualitative study using in-depth interviews with 31 primarily African American, urban-based individuals, many with past or current drug use and mental disorders, living with HIV...
January 17, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336732/some-university-lecturers-wear-gay-pride-t-shirts-get-over-it-denials-of-homophobia-and-the-reproduction-of-heteronormativity-in-responses-to-a-gay-themed-t-shirt
#4
Victoria Clarke
This paper explores an incident involving a gay pride t-shirt, printed with the slogan 'Some people are gay. Get over it!', that I wore during a university lecture, and students' predominantly negative responses to it. I use the lens of 'modern' prejudice research, particularly discursive psychological approaches to modern prejudice, to interpret the students' responses to a qualitative survey about their views on the t-shirt. They related strong feelings of upset and anger, particularly because I had - in their view - implicitly accused them of being homophobic...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329494/contraceptive-use-over-five-years-after-receipt-or-denial-of-abortion-services
#5
Heidi Moseson, Diana Greene Foster, Ushma D Upadhyay, Eric Vittinghoff, Corinne H Rocca
CONTEXT: Nonuse and inconsistent use of contraceptives contribute to a high incidence of unintended pregnancy and abortion among U.S. women. Little is known, however, about how these outcomes shape women's subsequent contraceptive use and unintended pregnancy risk. METHODS: Contraceptive use was examined among 880 participants in the Turnaway Study, a five-year longitudinal study of women who sought abortions at 30 U.S. facilities in 2008-2010. Multivariable mixed-effects logistic and multinomial regression models assessed differences in use by whether women received the abortion; results were used to calculate predicted percentages of women using each method...
January 12, 2018: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322577/i-just-can-t-please-them-all-and-stay-sane-adult-child-caregivers-experiences-of-family-dynamics-in-care-giving-for-a-parent-with-dementia-in-australia
#6
Gemma Tatangelo, Marita McCabe, Ashley Macleod, Anastasia Konis
Family caregivers of people with dementia who live within the community often experience stress and poor quality of life due to their care-giving role. While there are many factors that affect this, one influential factor is the family context. This study focussed on adult child caregivers. It examined the specific ways that family dynamics contribute to adult child caregivers' distress in the context of caring for a parent with dementia. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 17 participants who were adult child primary caregivers for a parent with dementia who was living within the community...
January 11, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322493/the-struggle-for-via-bologna-street-market-crisis-racial-denial-and-speaking-back-to-power-in-naples-italy
#7
Antonia Dawes
This paper is based on ethnographic research conducted with migrant and Italian street vendors in Naples, southern Italy, in 2012. It tells the story of Via Bologna market which was nearly closed down by the City Hall at the time. Naples is a city where issues of poverty and unemployment pre-date and have been exacerbated by manifold narratives of crisis now unfolding across Europe regarding the economy, political legitimacy, security and migration. Street markets have always been an important and visible economic survival strategy for both Neapolitans and migrants there...
January 10, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311404/recreational-drug-and-psychosocial-profile-in-chronic-hepatitis-c-patients-seeking-antiviral-therapy
#8
Nayana George, Sherrie M Harrell, Kimberly D Rhodes, Andres Duarte-Rojo
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Practitioners treating hepatitis C (HCV) provide healthcare to a special population with high rates of substance abuse and psychiatric disorders. We investigated the psychosocial profile in HCV patients and tested what variables affect commencement of antiviral therapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Recreational drug use (RDU), marijuana (THC), alcohol use, and psychiatric history were initially investigated with a questionnaire prior to history and physical...
December 27, 2017: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302163/inconvenient-human-rights-water-and-sanitation-in-sweden-s-informal-roma-settlements
#9
Martha F Davis, Natasha Ryan
Following an increase in Roma migration under the European "freedom of movement" laws, Swedish municipalities initiated more than 80 evictions of informal Roma settlements on the grounds of poor sanitation between 2013 and 2016. These evictions echo policies from earlier in the 20th century, when Roma living in Sweden were often marginalized through the denial of access to water and sanitation facilities. The recent Swedish evictions also follow similar government actions across Europe, where Roma settlements are controlled through the denial of access to water and sanitation...
December 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299872/coping-strategies-stress-and-support-needs-in-caregivers-of-children-with-mucopolysaccharidosis
#10
Amy Schadewald, Ericka Kimball, Li Ou
The mucopolysaccharidoses are a set of rare, inherited conditions that can have a catastrophic impact on those affected and their families. Because of the rarity of these disorders, little is known regarding the challenges faced by families of those affected and what coping mechanisms are commonly used. Coping is a way to manage demands that occur in one's environment or within oneself. Medical social workers historically have facilitated this process while providing support to patients who are responding to pressures of their diagnosis and the system...
January 4, 2018: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298187/evaluating-differential-effects-of-specific-pain-dismissal-interactions-with-physicians
#11
Amy C Lang, Eva C Igler, Ellen K Defenderfer, Julia Uihlein, Chasity T Brimeyer, W Hobart Davies
OBJECTIVES: Over 40% of adolescents with chronic pain report experiencing pain dismissal, which is a response from another individual that is perceived as diminishing, denying, or disbelieving an individual's report of pain. Pain dismissal by physicians often leaves patients feeling discredited, which may discourage them from seeking and receiving proper treatment for their pain. The purpose of this study was to investigate how the four most commonly reported types of physician pain dismissal differentially affect individuals' reactions...
January 2, 2018: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295022/theorizing-the-process-of-leaving-a-violent-marriage-and-getting-a-divorce-in-tehran
#12
Fatemeh Nikparvar, Sandra Stith, Karen Myers-Bowman, Mojgan Akbarzadeh, Manijeh Daneshpour
This study utilized qualitative methods to develop a theory regarding the process used by Tehranian women who leave violent marriages to get a divorce. Findings from semistructured, in-depth interviews with nine women in Tehran who left their abusive husbands suggested that there are six stages in this process: "denial," "using cognitive and internal strategies to save marriage," "using behavioral and external strategies to save marriage," "seeking power to end violence," "preparation to leave marriage," and "termination" stage...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294958/-i-didn-t-do-that-event-valence-and-child-age-influence-adults-discernment-of-preschoolers-true-and-false-statements
#13
Jonni L Johnson, Sue D Hobbs, Yoojin Chae, Gail S Goodman, Donna Shestowsky, Stephanie D Block
Justice can hinge on adults' abilities to distinguish accurate from inaccurate child testimony. Yet relatively little is known about factors that affect adults' abilities to determine the accuracy of children's eyewitness reports. In this study, adults ( N = 108) viewed videoclips of 3- and 5-year-olds answering open-ended and leading questions about positive and negative actually experienced ("true") events or never experienced ("false") events that the children either affirmed or denied. Analyses revealed that adults were more accurate at determining the veracity of negative compared with positive incidents, particularly when children said that they had experienced the event...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294812/workplace-bullying-and-work-engagement-a-self-determination-model
#14
Alan K Goodboy, Matthew M Martin, San Bolkan
This study modeled motivational mechanisms that explain the negative effects of workplace bullying on work engagement. Guided by self-determination theory, workplace bullying was predicted to decrease worker engagement indirectly, due to the denial of employees' basic psychological needs and their intrinsic motivation to work. From a sample of 243 full-time employees, serial multiple mediation models revealed that the indirect relationships between workplace bullying and work engagement (i.e., vigor, dedication, absorption) were serially mediated by basic psychological needs and intrinsic motivation to work...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291248/denial-of-service-to-same-sex-and-interracial-couples-evidence-from-a-national-survey-experiment
#15
Brian Powell, Landon Schnabel, Lauren Apgar
Legislatures and courts are debating whether businesses can deny services to same-sex couples for religious reasons. Yet, little is known about public views on this issue. In a national survey experiment, Americans (n = 2035) responded to an experimental vignette describing a gay or interracial couple refused service. Vignettes varied the reason for refusal (religion/nonreligious) and by business type (individual/corporation). Results confirm greater support of service refusal by the self-employed than by corporations and to gay couples than to interracial couples...
December 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283986/stigma-and-suicide
#16
Sabina Kučukalić, Abdulah Kučukalić
Suicide is one of the major mental health problems in the world. It is estimated that one million suicide are committed per year and that after every suicide six people from the surrounding suffer or develop major life changes. After suicide survivors are at higher risk of developing major psychological changes and suicidal ideations as well. They go through the complicated process of grief which is specifically characterized by the felling of guilt, shame, denial and anger. The griefing process, more often than in other causes of death, doesn't integrate but is complicated with prolonged grief...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278348/the-importance-of-physician-climate-advocacy-in-the-face-of-political-denial
#17
Andrew Jameton
Most physicians accept the general scientific discoveries about anthropogenic global warming and its dangers. Occasional denial by individual physicians of climate change can be readily answered by reference to the scientific consensus. But widespread, organized, political denial of climate change is hazardous to physicians' advocacy for an effective public health and health care response to climate change. This article assumes that physician climate advocacy is ethical and celebrates the many forms of health climate advocacy already under way...
December 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276986/imagined-futures-in-living-with-multiple-conditions-positivity-relationality-and-hopelessness
#18
Lindsay-Ann Coyle, Sarah Atkinson
Hope serves as an overarching concept for a range of engagements that demonstrate the benefits of a positive outlook for coping with chronic conditions of ill-health and disability. A dominant engagement through medicine has positioned hope as a desirable attribute and its opposite, hopelessness, as pathological. In this engagement hope is individual, internally located and largely cognitive and able to be learned. Attaining hope reflects a process of coming to terms with the losses associated with long-term conditions and of imagining new meanings and purposes for the future ahead...
December 18, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262415/anorexia-nervosa-and-first-person-perspective-altruism-family-system-and-body-experience
#19
Jérôme Englebert, Valérie Follet, Caroline Valentiny
Based on the case study of Jeanne, the objective of this article is to study patterns of specific subjectivity in anorexic subjects. We seek to identify, in a first-person perspective, the core vulnerability features of anorexic existence, beyond the dimension of food alone. The identification of a psychopathological structure results in a better understanding of Jeanne's clinical situation and helps formulate psychotherapeutic and prophylactic recommendations. We suggest that so-called "denial" is a psychological mechanism that should be reconsidered...
December 21, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259057/influencing-factors-of-dysmenorrhoea-among-hospital-nurses-a-questionnaire-survey-in-taiwan
#20
Min-Hui Chiu, Hsiu-Fen Hsieh, Yi-Hsin Yang, Huei-Mein Chen, Su-Chen Hsu, Hsiu-Hung Wang
OBJECTIVES: Nurses are at high risk of dysmenorrhoea while working with patients. The study objectives were to: (1) describe the demographic and menstruation characteristics of dysmenorrhoea, knowledge about dysmenorrhoea and menstrual attitudes towards menstruation among dysmenorrhoeal and non-dysmenorrhoeal hospital nurses; (2) identify significant differences between the groups; and (3) examine factors influencing dysmenorrhoea. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey used a structured questionnaire, administered at two hospitals in southern Taiwan...
December 19, 2017: BMJ Open
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