keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

denial

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650181/racial-identity-invalidation-with-multiracial-individuals-an-instrument-development-study
#1
Marisa G Franco, Karen M O'Brien
OBJECTIVES: Racial identity invalidation, others' denial of an individual's racial identity, is a salient racial stressor with harmful effects on the mental health and well-being of Multiracial individuals. The purpose of this study was to create a psychometrically sound measure to assess racial identity invalidation for use with Multiracial individuals (N = 497). METHOD: The present sample was mostly female (75%) with a mean age of 26.52 years (SD = 9.60). The most common racial backgrounds represented were Asian/White (33...
June 26, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648200/-what-place-does-old-age-hold-in-our-society
#2
Régis Aubry, Cynthia Fleury-Perkins
Ageing is often the subject of denial in our societies. In addition to the over-medicalisation of elderly people there is also a certain form of exclusion, or even contempt. Elderly people remind us all that life is relative and of our own mortality. What can be done to ensure that old age is considered differently?
June 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643746/breast-cancer-screening-practices-amongst-female-tertiary-health-worker-in-nnewi
#3
Chimezie Innocent Madubogwu, Amobi Ochonma Egwuonwu, Ngozi Ukamaka Madubogwu, Ifeoma A Njelita
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer in Nigeria and other developing countries is characterized by late presentation and poor outcome due to ignorance, superstition, self-denial, fear of mastectomy, and unavailability of treatment facilities. The mortality of breast cancer in Western world is decreasing due to early detection and better management. OBJECTIVE: This study aims at accessing the knowledge, attitude, and practice of breast cancer screening among female tertiary health workers...
April 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643572/distinctive-barriers-to-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-among-non-adherent-adolescents-living-with-hiv-in-botswana
#4
Elizabeth Yang, Seipone Mphele, Neo Moshashane, Boineelo Bula, Jennifer Chapman, Harriet Okatch, Ed Pettitt, Ontibile Tshume, Tafireyi Marukutira, Gabriel Anabwani, Elizabeth Lowenthal
Levels of adherence to HIV treatment are lower among adolescents compared with older and younger individuals receiving similar therapies. We purposely sampled the most and least adherent adolescents from a 300-adolescent longitudinal HIV treatment adherence study in Gaborone, Botswana. Multiple objective and subjective measures of adherence were available and study participants were selected based on sustained patterns of either excellent or poor adherence over a one-year period. Focus group discussions (FGD) and in-depth interviews (IDI) were conducted with the adolescents and a subset of their caregivers with the goal of revealing barriers and facilitators of adherence...
June 23, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641364/access-to-coverage-and-care-for-people-with-preexisting-conditions-how-has-it-changed-under-the-aca
#5
Sherry Glied, Adlan Jackson
ISSUE: Prior to the Affordable Care Act (ACA), people with preexisting health conditions could be denied insurance coverage or charged higher rates. If the law is repealed, these protections could be diluted or lost altogether. GOALS: Assess the ACA's impact on coverage and access for people with preexisting conditions and compare their coverage gains with state high-risk-pool enrollment pre-ACA. METHODS: Analysis of Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data for the period 2011–13 to 2015. KEY FINDINGS AND CONCLUSIONS: Between 2013 and 2015, 16...
June 2017: Issue Brief of the Commonwealth Fund
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639483/assessing-narcissism-using-rorschach-based-imagery-and-behavior-validated-by-clinician-reports-studies-with-adult-patients-and-nonpatients
#6
Emanuela S Gritti, David P Marino, Margherita Lang, Gregory J Meyer
We evaluate 11 Rorschach variables with potential for assessing grandiosity and narcissism. Seven of these variables were drawn from previous literature: Omnipotence, Idealization, Reflection, Personal Knowledge Justification, Exhibitionism, Magic, and Elevated Mood States; four were developed for this research: Expanded Personal Reference, Narcissistic Devaluation, Narcissistic Deflation, and Narcissistic Denial. Using Rorschach protocols from American normative adults and Italian adult outpatients, the dimensional structure of these variables was evaluated by principal components analysis, and validity was tested by correlations with clinician ratings of narcissism on two scales from the Shedler-Westen Assessment Procedure-200 that were made after at least five sessions with the primary clinician...
June 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637439/a-qualitative-analysis-of-smokers-perceptions-about-lung-cancer-screening
#7
Lindsay Gressard, Amy S DeGroff, Thomas B Richards, Stephanie Melillo, Julia Kish-Doto, Christina L Heminger, Elizabeth A Rohan, Kristine Gabuten Allen
BACKGROUND: In 2013, the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) began recommending lung cancer screening for high risk smokers aged 55-80 years using low-dose computed tomography (CT) scan. In light of these updated recommendations, there is a need to understand smokers' knowledge of and experiences with lung cancer screening in order to inform the design of patient education and tobacco cessation programs. The purpose of this study is to describe results of a qualitative study examining smokers' perceptions around lung cancer screening tests...
June 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635435/gps-views-and-perspectives-on-patient-non-adherence-to-treatment-in-primary-care-prior-to-suicide
#8
Pooja Saini, Khatidja Chantler, Navneet Kapur
BACKGROUND: Individuals who do not adhere to their treatment regimens may be at greater risk of suicide but these issues are relatively unexplored in primary care services. AIM: To explore GPs' views and perspectives on the reasons why patients who were in contact with mental health services in the year prior to suicide was non-adherent to treatment prior to their death. METHOD: In total, 198 semi-structured face-to-face interviews with GPs of people who had died by suicide...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630542/the-role-of-international-human-rights-norms-in-the-liberalization-of-abortion-laws-globally
#9
Johanna B Fine, Katherine Mayall, Lilian Sepúlveda
International and regional human rights norms have evolved significantly to recognize that the denial of abortion care in a range of circumstances violates women's and girls' fundamental human rights. These increasingly progressive standards have played a critical role in transforming national-level abortion laws by both influencing domestic high court decisions on abortion and serving as a critical resource in advancing law and policy reform. Courts in countries such as Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, and Nepal have directly incorporated these standards into groundbreaking cases liberalizing abortion laws and increasing women's access to safe abortion services, demonstrating the influence of these human rights standards in advancing women's reproductive freedom...
June 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629651/science-denial-as-a-form-of-pseudoscience
#10
Sven Ove Hansson
Science denialism poses a serious threat to human health and the long-term sustainability of human civilization. Although it has recently been rather extensively discussed, this discussion has rarely been connected to the extensive literature on pseudoscience and the science-pseudoscience demarcation. This contribution argues that science denialism should be seen as one of the two major forms of pseudoscience, alongside of pseudotheory promotion. A detailed comparison is made between three prominent forms of science denialism, namely relativity theory denialism, evolution denialism, and climate science denialism...
June 2017: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621208/stem-cells-in-court-historical-trends-in-us-legal-cases-related-to-stem-cells
#11
Andreia Martins Martinho, Leigh Turner
Using two legal research platforms, we identified 193 stem-cell-related legal cases that were decided in US courts. Classifying the cases by category, we examined historical trends in the types of legal cases related to stem cells. Major types of cases involved plaintiffs seeking to overturn denial of health insurance coverage decisions, disputes related to intellectual property, false advertising, breaches of contract, exposure to hazardous agents, regulatory decisions, stem cell procedures and professional standard of care, use of stems cells in research, and public funding of embryonic stem cell research...
June 16, 2017: Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616996/coping-emotion-regulation-and-psychopathology-in-childhood-and-adolescence-a-meta-analysis-and-narrative-review
#12
Bruce E Compas, Sarah S Jaser, Alexandra H Bettis, Kelly H Watson, Meredith A Gruhn, Jennifer P Dunbar, Ellen Williams, Jennifer C Thigpen
In this meta-analytic and narrative review, we examine several overarching issues related to the study of coping, emotion regulation, and internalizing and externalizing symptoms of psychopathology in childhood and adolescence, including the conceptualization and measurement of these constructs. We report a quantitative meta-analysis of 212 studies (N = 80,850 participants) that measured the associations between coping and emotion regulation with symptoms of internalizing and externalizing psychopathology. Within the meta-analysis we address the association of broad domains of coping and emotion regulation (e...
June 15, 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614997/resilience-based-diabetes-self-management-education-perspectives-from-african-american-participants-community-leaders-and-healthcare-providers
#13
H Matthew Lehrer, Susan K Dubois, Sharon A Brown, Mary A Steinhardt
Purpose The purpose of this qualitative, focus group study was to further refine the Resilience-Based Diabetes Self-Management Education (RB-DSME) recruitment process and intervention, build greater trust in the community, and identify strategies to enhance its sustainability as a community-based intervention in African American church settings. Methods Six 2-hour focus groups (N = 55; 10 men and 45 women) were led by a trained moderator with a written guide to facilitate discussion. Two sessions were conducted with individuals diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who participated in previous RB-DSME pilot interventions and their family members, two sessions with local church leaders, and two sessions with community healthcare providers who care for patients with T2DM...
June 1, 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591376/-vulnerabilities-and-recognition-a-life-story-approach-to-links-between-youth-and-violence-in-marginalized-neighborhoods-in-buenos-aires-argentina
#14
Pablo Francisco Di Leo, Roseni Pinheiro
We present the results of a study analyzing the experience of young people with violence in marginalized neighborhoods, examining the links to processes of vulnerability and recognition. We used the methodological strategy of life story reports, built on semi-structured interviews with ten young people 18 to 26 years of age, with their spaces of sociability in marginalized neighborhoods in Greater Metropolitan Buenos Aires, Argentina. Following the theory's lines, we simultaneously built, coded, and analyzed the data, using the Atlas...
June 1, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585884/conveying-hope-in-consultations-with-patients-with-life-threatening-diseases-the-balance-between-supporting-and-challenging-the-patient
#15
Anne Werner, Sissel Steihaug
OBJECTIVE: There is limited knowledge about the communication of hope and denial in consultations with patients with life-threatening diseases on a practical level. In this study, we explored a real-life medical consultation between a doctor and a patient with incurable cancer, focusing on conveying hope. DESIGN AND METHODS: We found one consultation especially suited for illustrating how a physician can convey and reinforce hope without attaching it to curative treatment...
June 6, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582948/the-big-sell-managing-stigma-and-workplace-discrimination-following-moderate-to-severe-brain-injury
#16
Mary Stergiou-Kita, Alisa Grigorovich, Thecla Damianakis, Guylaine Le Dorze, Christine David, Carolyn Lemsky, Debbie Hebert
BACKGROUND: Misperceptions regarding persons with brain injuries (PWBI) can lead to stigmatization, workplace discrimination and, in turn, influence PWBIs full vocational integration. OBJECTIVE: In this study we explored how stigma may influence return-to-work processes, experiences of stigma and discrimination at the workplace for persons with (moderate to severe) brain injuries, and strategies that can be employed to manage disclosure. METHODS: Exploratory qualitative study; used in-depth interviews and an inductive thematic analytical approach in data analysis...
June 1, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582699/association-of-prenatal-cocaine-exposure-childhood-maltreatment-and-responses-to-stress-in-adolescence
#17
Meeyoung O Min, Sonia Minnes, June-Yung Kim, Miyoung Yoon, Lynn T Singer
BACKGROUND: Prenatal cocaine exposure (PCE) may alter responses to stress. Children with PCE tend to grow up in suboptimal caregiving environments, conducive to child maltreatment (CM). Guided by the diathesis-stress model, the present study examined differences in self-reported responses to stress and coping in adolescents with and without PCE and explored whether childhood maltreatment (CM) moderated the effects of PCE. METHODS: Adolescents (N=363; 184 PCE, 179 non-cocaine exposed (NCE)), primarily African-American and of low socioeconomic status, were prospectively enrolled in a longitudinal study at birth...
May 26, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580705/the-relationship-among-unawareness-of-memory-impairment-depression-and-dementia-in-older-adults-with-memory-impairment-in-singapore
#18
Jianlin Liu, Edimansyah Abdin, Janhavi A Vaingankar, Saleha B Shafie, Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Shazana Shahwan, Harish Magadi, Li Ling Ng, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: Previous research has studied the relationships among unawareness of memory impairment, depression, and dementia in older adults with severe dementia, but it has not considered the associations and clinical implications at earlier stages of memory impairment. This study therefore sought to examine the relationship among unawareness of memory impairment, depression, and dementia in older adults with memory impairment in Singapore. METHODS: The participants were 751 older adults with memory impairment in Singapore...
June 4, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575542/rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-motivations-for-accepting-or-resisting-disease-modifying-antirheumatic-drug-treatment-regimens
#19
Yomei Shaw, Ilinca D Metes, Kaleb Michaud, Julie M Donohue, Mark S Roberts, Marc C Levesque, Judy C Chang
OBJECTIVE: Patient refusal of and nonadherence to treatment with disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) can adversely affect disease outcomes in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This qualitative study describes how RA patients' feelings in response to experiences and information affected their decisions to accept (agree to adopt, initiate and implement) or resist (refuse, avoid and discontinue) DMARD treatment regimens. METHODS: 48 RA patients were interviewed about their experiences making decisions about DMARDs...
June 2, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569419/regulating-drivers-with-epilepsy-in-maryland-results-of-the-application-of-a-united-states-consensus-guideline
#20
Brandy B Ma, John Bloch, Allan Krumholz, Jennifer L Hopp, Perry J Foreman, Carl A Soderstrom, Mary A Scottino, Martha Matsumoto, Gregory L Krauss
OBJECTIVE: Driving regulations for people with seizures vary widely throughout the United States and the world. Maryland updated their guidelines in 2003 to reflect those of a U.S. consensus guideline requiring a minimum 3-month seizure-free period as well as an individual risk assessment by a Medical Advisory Board (MAB). This retrospective study provides the first analysis of outcomes after the implementation of the consensus guidelines and an assessment of their predictive validity through longitudinal outcome data...
June 1, 2017: Epilepsia
keyword
keyword
109722
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"