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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784050/exploring-hiv-risks-testing-and-prevention-among-sub-saharan-african-community-members-in-australia
#1
Amy B Mullens, Jennifer Kelly, Joseph Debattista, Tania M Phillips, Zhihong Gu, Fungisai Siggins
BACKGROUND: Significant health disparities persist regarding new and late Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) diagnoses among sub-Saharan African (SSA) communities in Australia. Personal/cultural beliefs and practices influence HIV (risk, prevention, testing) within Australia and during visits to home countries. METHOD: A community forum was conducted involving 23 male and female adult African community workers, members and leaders, and health workers; facilitated by cultural workers and an experienced clinician/researcher...
May 21, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775975/misleading-new-insights-into-the-chrysotile-debate
#2
H-J Woitowitz, X Baur
Although there is no dispute among independent scientists about the carcinogenic and fibrogenic effects of chrysotile, the asbestos industry has been continuously and successfully acting to cast doubts on its harm. Another approach including asbestos insurance entities is to refuse compensation by raising the bar and fight criminal prosecution for asbestos-related diseases by the help of paid scientists. A recent publication on asbestos fibre burden in human lungs fits well in this context. The claim that chrysotile fibres are biopersistent in human lung is not based on the data provided by these authors, and, additionally, exhibits serious inconsistencies and obvious mismeasurements and significant methodological problems...
May 18, 2018: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775169/outcry-consistency-and-prosecutorial-decisions-in-child-sexual-abuse-cases
#3
Tammy E Bracewell
This study examines the correlation between the consistency in a child's sexual abuse outcry and the prosecutorial decision to accept or reject cases of child sexual abuse. Case-specific information was obtained from one Texas Children's Advocacy Center on all cases from 2010 to 2013. After the needed deletion, the total number of cases included in the analysis was 309. An outcry was defined as a sexual abuse disclosure. Consistency was measured at both the forensic interview and the sexual assault exam. Logistic regression was used to evaluate whether a correlation existed between disclosure and prosecutorial decisions...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769759/a-p2p-botnet-detection-scheme-based-on-decision-tree-and-adaptive-multilayer-neural-networks
#4
Mohammad Alauthaman, Nauman Aslam, Li Zhang, Rafe Alasem, M A Hossain
In recent years, Botnets have been adopted as a popular method to carry and spread many malicious codes on the Internet. These malicious codes pave the way to execute many fraudulent activities including spam mail, distributed denial-of-service attacks and click fraud. While many Botnets are set up using centralized communication architecture, the peer-to-peer (P2P) Botnets can adopt a decentralized architecture using an overlay network for exchanging command and control data making their detection even more difficult...
2018: Neural Computing & Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757007/a-community-based-qualitative-assessment-of-knowledge-barriers-and-promoters-of-communicating-about-family-cancer-history-among-african-americans
#5
Anne F Rositch, Rebkha Atnafou, Melinda Krakow, Gypsyamber D'Souza
Family cancer history (FCH) can shape prevention and early detection behaviors to decrease cancer risk. However, many individuals are unaware of increased risk for cancers based on family patterns. For some African-American communities, communication about FCH is rare and barriers have not been well studied. To optimize the use of FCH, it is crucial to understand how patients gather and share FCH with relatives and healthcare providers. We conducted four focus groups (n = 40) and seven key informant interviews (n = 9) to investigate knowledge, experiences, and barriers/promoters of FCH in the East Baltimore African-American community...
May 14, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752324/dances-with-denial-have-medical-oncology-outpatients-conveyed-their-end-of-life-wishes-and-do-they-want-to
#6
Amy Waller, Charles Douglas, Rob Sanson-Fisher, Nicholas Zdenkowski, Angela Pearce, Tiffany Evans, Justin Walsh
Objectives: This study surveyed a sample of medical oncology outpatients to determine (1) the proportion who have already discussed and documented their end-of-life (EOL) wishes; (2) when and with whom they would prefer to convey their EOL wishes; (3) the EOL issues they would want to discuss; and (4) the association between perceived cancer status and advance care planning (ACP) participation. Methods: Adult medical oncology outpatients were approached in the waiting room of an Australian tertiary treatment center...
May 2018: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750346/denial-in-its-own-shadow
#7
Sue Lieberman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750342/denial-in-its-own-shadow-a-clinical-response
#8
Roselyn Abbott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736113/getting-out-or-remaining-in-the-cage-of-inauthentic-self-the-meaning-of-existential-challenges-in-patients-with-cancer
#9
Zohreh Khoshnood, Sedigheh Iranmanesh, Masoud Rayyani, Mahlegha Dehghan
Context: Cancer as a life-threatening disease develops a range of existential challenges in persons. These challenges cause the patients to encounter some existential questions and tensions. This study method focuses on a person's experience about them. Aims: The aim of this study is to illuminate the meaning of existential challenges in patients with cancer in Iran. Subjects and Methods: A hermeneutic phenomenological approach, influenced by the philosophy of Ricoeur, was used to analyze the experiences of 10 Iranian patients with cancer...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718954/behavioural-risks-in-male-dogs-with-minimal-lifetime-exposure-to-gonadal-hormones-may-complicate-population-control-benefits-of-desexing
#10
Paul D McGreevy, Bethany Wilson, Melissa J Starling, James A Serpell
Castration of dogs is a widespread practise with clear justification in population control and knock-on benefits for animal welfare. Deleterious behavioural consequences of castration are believed to be negligible. Gonadectomy is widely recommended as part of a multi-factorial approach to prevent problems including aggression in dogs. However, the consequences of early castration on health are still being debated. The current study focused on the reported behaviour of 6,235 male dogs castrated before 520 weeks of life for reasons other than behavioural management, and calculated their percentage lifetime exposure to gonadal hormones (PLGH) as a proportion of their age at the time of being reported to the online Canine Behavioral Assessment and Research Questionnaire (C-BARQ)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715300/public-versus-internal-conceptions-of-addiction-an-analysis-of-internal-philip-morris-documents
#11
Jesse Elias, Yogi Hale Hendlin, Pamela M Ling
BACKGROUND: Tobacco addiction is a complex, multicomponent phenomenon stemming from nicotine's pharmacology and the user's biology, psychology, sociology, and environment. After decades of public denial, the tobacco industry now agrees with public health authorities that nicotine is addictive. In 2000, Philip Morris became the first major tobacco company to admit nicotine's addictiveness. Evolving definitions of addiction have historically affected subsequent policymaking. This article examines how Philip Morris internally conceptualized addiction immediately before and after this announcement...
May 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714561/research-deviations-in-fda-regulated-clinical-trials-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-fda-inspection-citations
#12
Craig A Garmendia, Katrina Epnere, Neera Bhansali
BACKGROUND: The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) ensures clinical trials meet regulatory/ethical standards through inspections. If FDA Investigators observe potential violations of regulatory requirements during an inspection, a firm will receive a Form FDA 483, Inspectional Observations. Violations cited have resulted in the death of human research subjects, prosecution of research personnel, and denial of approval for new medical products. Objectives included the standardization of Violation Themes cited for analysis by inspection firm type, geographic location, and Violation Theme citation to provide insight into regulatory violations...
January 1, 2018: Therapeutic Innovation & Regulatory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708134/british-torture-in-the-war-on-terror
#13
Ruth Blakeley, Sam Raphael
Despite long-standing allegations of UK involvement in prisoner abuse during counterterrorism operations as part of the US-led 'war on terror', a consistent narrative emanating from British government officials is that Britain neither uses, condones nor facilitates torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment and punishment. We argue that such denials are untenable. We have established beyond reasonable doubt that Britain has been deeply involved in post-9/11 prisoner abuse, and we can now provide the most detailed account to date of the depth of this involvement...
June 2017: European journal of international relations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703657/using-the-behaviour-change-wheel-to-explore-potential-strategies-for-minimising-harms-from-non-recreational-prescription-medicine-sharing
#14
Kebede Beyene, Trudi Aspden, Janie Sheridan
INTRODUCTION: Non-recreational sharing of prescribed medicines can have positive outcomes under some circumstances, but can also result in negative health outcomes. This paper describes a theoretically underpinned and systematic approach to exploring potential interventions to reduce harm. METHODS: Individual, semi-structured, face-to-face interviews were conducted with purposively sampled pharmacists (n = 8), doctors (n = 4), nurses (n = 6) and patients (n = 17) from Auckland, New Zealand...
April 5, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699717/-effectiveness-of-a-new-model-of-telephone-derivation-shared-between-primary-care-and-hospital-care
#15
Luis Miguel Azogil-López, Juan José Pérez-Lázaro, Patricia Ávila-Pecci, Esther María Medrano-Sánchez, María Valle Coronado-Vázquez
AIM: The purpose of this study is to find out whether telephone referral from Primary Health Care to Internal Medicine Consult manages to reduce waiting days as compared to traditional referral. This study also aims to know how acceptable is the telephone referral to general practitioners and their patients. DESIGN: No blind randomized controlled clinical trial. SETTING: Northern Huelva Health District. PARTICIPANTS: 154 patients...
April 23, 2018: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698096/national-government-denial-of-climate-change-and-state-and-local-public-health-action-in-a-federalist-system
#16
Jonathan M Samet, Alistair Woodward
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697401/implementation-of-drug-addicts-right-to-health-protection-separate-aspects
#17
O Shevchuk, O Rzhevska, O Korop, L Pyliuha
The purpose of the research is to analyze specific problems of the realization of the right to protect the health of people who take narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances. To achieve this goal, statistics have been analyzed on the number of people using narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances (including drug-addicted children) placed on medical records and the number of their applications for medical care. It has been found out that people in this category often face a denial of medical care that causes extremely strong physical and mental suffering...
March 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695946/the-romani-minority-coercive-sterilization-and-languages-of-denial-in-the-czech-lands
#18
Sarah Marks
Sterilizations of Romani women in socialist Czechoslovakia, either carried out without proper consent, or coerced through substantial financial incentive, were first reported in 1978. Yet these practices did not end with the fall of communism, and it took until 2005 for this to be officially acknowledged by the Czech government. This article draws on published and unpublished documents, as well as oral history interviews, to trace the history of efforts to expose such practices, 'come to terms' with their existence, and change social attitudes in relation to the Romani minority in the Czech lands...
October 2017: History Workshop Journal: HWJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695945/thinking-about-denial
#19
Catherine Hall, Daniel Pick
This essay considers the frequent and varied uses of 'denial' in modern political discourse, suggests the specific psychoanalytic meanings the term has acquired and asks how useful this Freudian concept may be for historians. It notes the debates among historians over the uses of psychoanalysis, but argues that concepts such as 'denial', 'disavowal', 'splitting' and 'negation' can help us to understand both individual and group behaviour. The authors dwell, especially, on 'disavowal' and argue it can provide a particularly useful basis for exploring how and why states of knowing and not knowing co-exist...
October 2017: History Workshop Journal: HWJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692294/age-varying-associations-between-coping-and-depressive-symptoms-throughout-adolescence-and-emerging-adulthood
#20
Anna Vannucci, Kaitlin M Flannery, Christine McCauley Ohannessian
The objective of the current study was to apply the novel technique of time-varying effect modeling to examine age-varying associations between specific coping strategies and depressive symptoms across adolescence and emerging adulthood (ages 14-24). The participants were drawn from a community sample and followed across 4 years of high school and once 5 years postgraduation (N = 1,251, 53% female, 58% non-Hispanic White). Coping and depressive symptom questionnaires were administered across all data collection time points...
May 2018: Development and Psychopathology
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