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pregnancy and systemic lupus erythematous

Reem Abdwani, Laila Al Shaqsi, Ibrahim Al-Zakwani
Objectives: Systemic lupus erythematous (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disease that affects women primarily of childbearing age. The objective of this study was to determine the neonatal and maternal outcomes of pregnancies in SLE patients compared to pregnancies in healthy controls. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study in a tertiary care hospital in Oman between January 2007 and December 2013. We analyzed 147 pregnancies and compared 56 (38.0%) pregnancies in women with SLE with 91 (61...
January 2018: Oman Medical Journal
Andra Bălănescu, Teodora Donisan, Dinu Bălănescu
Systemic lupus erythematous (SLE) is a chronic inflammatory disease with an unknown etiology and an autoimmune pathogenesis, and its clinical manifestations can involve multiple organs through polymorphic biological changes. Nowadays, pregnancy is possible for most patients with SLE, and good outcomes can be expected for both mother and child. This became possible as a consequence of increasingly better monitoring and treatment of pregnant women with SLE. The following article outlines the problems associated with fertility, course of pregnancy, and breastfeeding in women with SLE...
2017: Reumatologia
Ting-Fang Chiu, Ya-Wen Chuang, Cheng-Li Lin, Tung-Min Yu, Mu-Chi Chung, Chi-Yuan Li, Chi-Jung Chung, Wen-Chao Ho
BACKGROUND: Data on long-term maternal outcomes in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are lacking. The study aimed to explore the relationships among SLE, pregnancy, outcomes of end-stage renal disease (ESRD), and overall mortality. METHODS: We established a retrospective cohort study consisting of four cohorts: pregnant (case cohort) and nonpregnant SLE patients, as well as pregnant and nonpregnant non-SLE patients. One case cohort and three comparison cohorts were matched by age at first pregnancy and index date of pregnancy by using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Dataset...
2016: PloS One
Stefan M Gysler, Melissa J Mulla, Marta Guerra, Jan J Brosens, Jane E Salmon, Lawrence W Chamley, Vikki M Abrahams
STUDY QUESTION: What is the role of microRNAs (miRs) in antiphospholipid antibody (aPL)-induced trophoblast inflammation? SUMMARY ANSWER: aPL-induced up-regulation of trophoblast miR-146a-3p is mediated by Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), and miR-146a-3p in turn drives the cells to secrete interleukin (IL)-8 by activating the RNA sensor, TLR8. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Obstetric antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune disorder characterized by circulating aPL and an increased risk of pregnancy complications...
July 2016: Molecular Human Reproduction
Savino Sciascia, D Ware Branch, Roger A Levy, Saskia Middeldorp, Sue Pavord, Dario Roccatello, Guillermo Ruiz-Irastorza, Angela Tincani, Munther Khamashta, Karen Schreiber, Beverley J Hunt
The use of low-dose aspirin and heparinoids has improved the pregnancy outcome in obstetric antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). However, current treatment fails in 20-30% of APS pregnancies, raising the need to explore other treatments to improve obstetrical outcome. Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) is widely used in patients with autoimmune diseases, mainly systemic lupus erythematous (SLE), due to its anti-inflammatory, anti-aggregant and immune-regulatory properties. Evidence from in vitro and animal models suggests a potential protective effect of HCQ in obstetric APS...
January 2016: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
T Haddad, D Hakem, A Berrah
INTRODUCTION: The pregnancies in systemic erythematous lupus (SLE) disease is a situation of high risk and involve both the mother and the fetus. The prematurity and the miscarriage are there more frequent, with increase risks of eclampsia, acute hypertension, HELP syndrome and of worsening renal disease. So the morbimortality is multiplied particularly when a anti-phospholipid syndrome 'APLS' is associated. The pregnancy remains however authorized when the SLE is in remission for more than 6 months with a validated treatment and successful means of monitoring...
July 2012: Pregnancy Hypertension
O Pourrat, R Coudroy, F Pierre
Pre-eclampsia complicated by severe HELLP (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelet count) syndrome is a multi-organ disease, and can be difficult to differentiate from thrombotic microangiopathy (appearing as thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura or hemolytic uremic syndrome), acute fatty liver, systemic erythematous lupus, antiphospholipid syndrome and severe sepsis. Many papers have highlighted the risks of misdiagnosis resulting in severe consequences for maternal health, and this can be fatal when thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura is misdiagnosed as severe HELLP syndrome...
June 2015: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Srisupalak Singalavanija, Wanida Limpongsanurak, Sutticha Aoongern
OBJECTIVE: To study clinical manifestations, investigations, treatment and outcomes of neonatal lupus erythematosus (NLE) patients and their mothers. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A retrospective descriptive study was performed to review the neonatal lupus erythematosus patients and their mothers at Queen Sirikit National Institute of Child Health during January 1993 to December 2013. The diagnostic criteria required the presence of clinical symptoms plus positive anti-Ro/SSA or anti-La/SSB or both...
June 2014: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
Trinidad Hasbún, Sarah L Chamlin
A 6-week-old, otherwise healthy boy presented to the dermatology clinic for evaluation of an eruption involving his scalp, face, and trunk. The truncal lesions had been present for several weeks, and the facial and scalp lesions were noticed 5 days prior to presentation. The eruption was asymptomatic without scratching or discomfort noted by his mother. Past medical history was remarkable for preterm delivery due to maternal hypertension during pregnancy. The infant was thriving and gaining weight appropriately...
January 1, 2014: Pediatric Annals
M Khatibi, A H Shakoorpour, Z Moosavian Jahromi, A Ahmadzadeh
BACKGROUND: One of the most important concerns about systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is the presence of oral lesions, which in turn is one of the diagnostic criteria for SLE. Regarding the wide range of oral lesions and the absence of comprehensive data in Iran, this study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of oral mucosal lesions and related factors in patients with SLE at three rheumatology clinics in Tehran. METHODS: This descriptive study was performed on 188 patients by observation, clinical examination, completing questionnaire and also evaluating patients' medical records...
October 2012: Lupus
C De Leonibus, C Lembo, P Giliberti, S Rojo, M C Foglia, L Giordano, A Fratta
The neonatal lupus erythematosus syndrome (LEN) is a disease due to the transplacental passage of maternal antiextractable nuclear antigens (ENA) antibodies, particularly anti-Ro/SS-A and anti-La/SS-B. The disease affects neonates born from mothers with autoimmune diseases. It is characterized by erythematous annular polycylic skin lesions, slightly scaling with prevalent face localization, hematologic and liver diseases and only in 2% of cases with extracutaneous lesions including complete atrioventricular block...
April 2012: Minerva Pediatrica
José Angel López-Farfán, Dolores G Martínez-Marín, Tatiana Van Der Heyden-Pardo
BACKGROUND: Because of its high prevalence in the female population and its high incidence in reproductive age, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus can complicate pregnancy causing miscarriage, fetal death, preeclampsia, fetal growth restriction (up to 25%) and preterm birth. Doppler ultrasonography measures the flow in the uterine arteries, which is reduced in patients with preeclampsia and FGR, and thus is an ideal method for identifying pregnant women with a high risk of developing an adverse perinatal outcome...
March 2011: Ginecología y Obstetricia de México
Shaikh Samiullah, Mona Humaira, Ghani Hanif, Aslam Aziz Ghouri, Khalid Shaikh
OBJECTIVE: To observe frequency of various causes of stroke in patients of young (15-35 years) age. METHODS: This Descriptive case series study was conducted in all Medical Units of Liaquat University Hospital (LUH) Jamshoro, Hyderabad, from August 2006 to February 2008 and included 50 patients of stroke aged 15-35 years, irrespective of sex and community. Data of these patients was collected through a pre-designed proforma by completing a comprehensive history, detailed examination and carrying out basic and relevant investigations...
March 2010: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
I M Matalliotakis, H Cakmak, M D E Ziogos, A Kalogeraki, D Kappou, A Arici
The aim of this study is to report three cases of patients with endometriosis and infertility, and associated with Lyme disease. The medical files of 405 women with endometriosis and 200 without endometriosis were studied retrospectively. We report 3 cases with endometriosis and Lyme disease. Of 405 patients with endometriosis treated in our study over a 6-year period, 3(0.8%) had Lyme disease. All cases presented with typical erythema migraines, fever and fatigue. The serological findings were positive for Borrelia burgdorferi, for 3 cases...
February 2010: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
S J Spalding, T Hennon, J Dohar, T Arkachaisri
Neonatal lupus erythematosus (NLE) is a passively acquired autoimmune syndrome resulting from transplacental passage of maternal anti-Ro/SSA and/or anti-La/SSB antibodies to the fetus. Characteristic manifestations of NLE include transient dermatitis, hepatic and hematologic abnormalities and congenital heart block. Skin lesions in NLE resemble subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus and typically consist of annular, erythematous, scaly plaques. Telangiectasias, vascular abnormalities resulting from dilation of superficial dermal vessels, may also affect the skin in a minority of patients...
2007: Lupus
Chun-Chieh Chia, Soon-Cen Huang, Min-Chang Liu, Tung-Yi Se
OBJECTIVE: To report a rare fetal congenital lung anomaly characterized by over inflation of a pulmonary lobe. CASE REPORT: A 28-year-old systemic lupus erythematous mother, gravida 1 para 0, who had normal prenatal care in our department, was admitted for labor pain and an abnormal fetal heart location was noted incidentally during labor. The baby showed rib retraction in room air but no obvious cyanotic change after delivery. Both the fetus chest X-ray and ultrasound showed a hyperechogenic tumor in the left thoracic cavity with a right-side-shifted heart and trachea...
March 2007: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Sarah Brennand, Sant Khan, Alvin H Chong
We report a case of lichen striatus in a 37-year-old woman in the third trimester of pregnancy. She presented at 35 weeks of pregnancy with a 6-week history of a pruritic rash on the left side of her abdomen. Examination revealed an erythematous papular eruption arranged in a linear fashion from the umbilicus to the left mid back. Histological examination demonstrated lichenoid perivascular and periadnexal inflammatory infiltrate and the presence of colloid bodies. The eruption resolved prior to delivery with the application of mometasone furoate 0...
August 2005: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
Radamés Rivas-López, Rafael Buitrón García-Figueroa, Raúl Romero-Cabello
OBJECTIVE: To determine the obstetrics outcomes of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus and pregnancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective, analytic, and descriptive case of study is presented about of the obstetrics outcomes of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus and pregnancy attended in Hospital General de Mexico Obstetrics and Gynecology Service from June, 2000 to February, 2003. RESULTS: Thirty-six records were reviewed...
August 2003: Ginecología y Obstetricia de México
J Stirnemann, O Fain, E Lachassinne, R Levet, L Carbillon, A Kettaneh, M H Aurousseau, M Uzan, M Thomas
INTRODUCTION: Neonatal lupus erythematosus is a rare syndrome (affecting 5% of the children born of mothers with lupus), characterized essentially by cutaneous lesions and/or congenital auricular-ventricular heart block. It is due to the transplacental passage of maternal antibodies (anti-SSA or anti-SSB, or occasionally anti-U1RNP antibodies) into the fetal circulation. OBSERVATION: We report a case of neonatal lupus erythematosus, having appeared 4 weeks after birth...
September 21, 2002: La Presse Médicale
M Y Karim, G Ruiz-Irastorza, M A Khamashta, G R Hughes
Thalidomide has been shown to be an effective treatment for cutaneous forms of lupus erythematous refractory to other therapies. Thalidomide has very serious side effects, including teratogenicity and neuropathy, which limit its clinical use in lupus to such severe refractory cases. Efficacy has been confirmed in several studies, although recurrence after discontinuation of treatment is frequent. More recent experience suggests that lower doses than originally used may be effective, which may result in a reduction in side effects...
2001: Lupus
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