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Reverse fusion

Sapna M Amin, Adam Beattie, Xia Ling, Lawrence J Jennings, Joan Guitart
Mammary analog secretory carcinoma (MASC) is a recently described tumor of the salivary glands named for its morphological and molecular similarity to secretory carcinoma of the breast. Many primary carcinomas arising from the adnexal glands also share similar morphology to those arising from the breast. Brandt et al first described primary cutaneous MASC in 2009 and since then only 2 other cases have been reported. Herein, we describe a long-standing mass on the arm of an otherwise healthy 40-year-old female...
November 2016: American Journal of Dermatopathology
Kyle A Tipton, Marjan Farokhyfar, Philip N Rather
Colony opacity phase variation in Acinetobacter baumannii strain AB5075 is regulated by a reversible high-frequency switch. Transposon mutagenesis was used to generate mutations that decreased the opaque to translucent switch and a gene encoding a predicted periplasmic membrane fusion component of a resistance-nodulation-cell division (RND)-type efflux system was isolated. This gene was designated arpA and immediately downstream was a gene designated arpB that encodes a predicted membrane transporter of RND-type systems...
October 19, 2016: MicrobiologyOpen
Fani-Marlen Roumelioti, Sotirios K Sotiriou, Vasiliki Katsini, Maria Chiourea, Thanos D Halazonetis, Sarantis Gagos
Human malignancies overcome replicative senescence either by activating the reverse-transcriptase telomerase or by utilizing a homologous recombination-based mechanism, referred to as alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALT). In budding yeast, ALT exhibits features of break-induced replication (BIR), a repair pathway for one-ended DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) that requires the non-essential subunit Pol32 of DNA polymerase delta and leads to conservative DNA replication. Here, we examined whether ALT in human cancers also exhibits features of BIR A telomeric fluorescence in situ hybridization protocol involving three consecutive staining steps revealed the presence of conservatively replicated telomeric DNA in telomerase-negative cancer cells...
October 19, 2016: EMBO Reports
Masaaki Ikeda, Yoshitaka Yoshimura, Takashi Kikuiri, Mino Matsuno, Tomokazu Hasegawa, Kumu Fukushima, Takako Hayakawa, Hajime Minamikawa, Kuniaki Suzuki, Junichiro Iida
Bone remodeling is an important factor in orthodontic tooth movement. During orthodontic treatment, osteoclasts are subjected to various mechanical stimuli, and this promotes or inhibits osteoclast differentiation and fusion. It has been previously reported that the release from tensile force induces osteoclast differentiation. However, little is known about how release from compressive force affects osteoclasts. The present study investigated the effects of release from compressive force on osteoclasts. The number of tartrate‑resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP)‑positive multinucleated osteoclasts derived from RAW264...
October 5, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Limin Zhang, Tao Jiang, Chao Zhao, Wei Li, Xuefei Li, Sha Zhao, Xiaozhen Liu, Yijun Jia, Hui Yang, Shengxiang Ren, Caicun Zhou
BACKGROUND: ROS1 rearrangement is a novel molecular subgroup of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of crizotinib and pemetrexed-based chemotherapy in Chinese NSCLC patients with ROS1 rearrangement. RESULTS: A total of 2309 patients received ROS1 fusion detection and 51(2.2%) patients had ROS1 rearrangement. There was no significant difference between ROS1 fusion-positive and fusion-negative cohorts in demographic data...
October 12, 2016: Oncotarget
Lu Yu, Jun Li, Sanpeng Xu, Mariajose Navia Miranda, Guoping Wang, Yaqi Duan
BACKGROUND: Xp11.2 translocation/transcription factor E3 (TFE3) rearrangement renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a rare subtype of RCC with limited clinical and pathological data. CASE PRESENTATION: Here we present an unusual high-grade Xp11.2 translocation RCC with a rhabdoid feature and SMARCB1 (INI1) inactivation in a 40-year-old man with end-stage kidney disease. The histological examination of the dissected left renal tumor showed an organoid architecture of the eosinophilic or clear neoplastic cells with necrosis and high mitotic activity...
October 12, 2016: Diagnostic Pathology
Sana Saif Ur Rehman, Suresh S Ramalingam
Advanced stage nonsmall cell lung cancer had been treated mainly with platinum-based doublet chemotherapy, and other cytotoxic agents that offered significant survival advantage over best supportive care, until recently. Modest improvements were achieved with the addition of antibodies targeting the vascular endothelial growth factor, and the introduction of maintenance chemotherapy. Improvements in our knowledge of lung cancer biology have shifted the current treatment paradigm from being based on histology to one based on molecular biomarkers...
October 2016: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Bing Liu, Xinpeng Tang, Wenjing Fang, Xiaoqi Li, Jun Zhang, Zhiliang Zhang, Yue Shen, Youguo Yan, Xiaoli Sun, Jianying He
Reverse micelles (RMs) in supercritical CO2 (scCO2) are promising alternatives for organic solvents, especially when both polar and non-polar components are involved. Fluorinated surfactants, particularly double-chain fluorocarbon surfactants, are able to form well-structured RMs in scCO2. The inherent self-assembly mechanisms of surfactants in scCO2 are still subject to discussion. In this study, molecular dynamics simulations are performed to investigate the self-aggregation behavior of di-CF4 based RMs in scCO2, and stable and spherical RMs are formed...
October 12, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Minmin Wang, Kyoko Toda, Hiroshi A Maeda
Plants produce various L-tyrosine (Tyr)-derived compounds that are of pharmaceutical or nutritional importance to humans. Tyr aminotransferase (TAT) catalyzes the reversible transamination between Tyr and 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate (HPP), the initial step in the biosynthesis of many Tyr-derived plant natural products. Herein reported is the biochemical characterization and subcellular localization of TAT enzymes from the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana. Phylogenetic analysis showed that Arabidopsis has at least two homologous TAT genes, At5g53970 (AtTAT1) and At5g36160 (AtTAT2)...
October 7, 2016: Phytochemistry
Bernabé Santelices, Alejandra V González, Jessica Beltrán, Verónica Flores
Chimerism is produced by the somatic fusion of two or more genetically distinct conspecific individuals. In animals, the main cost of fusion is competition between genetically different cell lineages and the probability of original cell-line replacement by more competitive invasive lines, which limits its natural frequency (3-5%). In red and brown seaweeds, chimerism is widespread (27-53%), seemingly without the negative outcomes described for animals. The rigidity of cell walls in macroalgae prevents cell motility and invasions...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Phycology
Sayaka Yuzawa, Satoshi Tanikawa, Isamu Kunibe, Hiroshi Nishihara, Kazuo Nagashima, Shinya Tanaka
We present a rare case of giant cell-rich solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) arising at the left external auditory canal in a 31-year-old woman. The tumor was well-circumscribed and composed of spindle-shaped cells with abundant collagenous bands. Scattered multinucleate giant cells were observed, some of which lined pseudovascular spaces. Although a focal mild-hypercellular area was observed, mitoses were rare and necrosis was absent. Interstitial mast cells were scattered, especially in the hypercellular area. Immunohistochemically, CD34, vimentin, and Bcl-2 presented diffuse positivity...
October 6, 2016: Pathology International
Takeru Matsuda, Takeshi Iwasaki, Yasuo Sumi, Kimihiro Yamashita, Hiroshi Hasegawa, Masashi Yamamoto, Yoshiko Matsuda, Shingo Kanaji, Taro Oshikiri, Tetsu Nakamura, Satoshi Suzuki, Yoshihiro Kakeji
BACKGROUND: Complete mesocolic excision (CME) with central vascular ligation (CVL) should be employed for the treatment of colon cancer patients because of its superior oncological outcomes. However, this technique is technically challenging in laparoscopic right hemicolectomy because of the anatomical complexity of the transverse mesocolon. METHODS: We focused on the embryology and anatomy of the transverse mesocolon to overcome the difficulty of this surgery. The validity and efficacy of a cranial approach in achieving CME with CVL in laparoscopic right hemicolectomy was elucidated from the embryological point of view...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Lijuan Shi, Panpan Sun, Liqiang Zheng
Gemini supra-amphiphiles with different spacer lengths, [M-n-M](2+)@2[DBS](-) (n = 2, 6, 10), were easily constructed. The conformational flexibility and hydrophobicity of the spacer group can be effectively tailored through regulating the spacer length, leading to the fine control of the topologies and subsequent hierarchical self-assemblies of [M-n-M](2+)@2[DBS](-). Vesicles are primarily fabricated by [M-n-M](2+)@2[DBS](-), and then successively fused into vesicle clusters, nanotubes, and planar bilayers, whose bilayer curvatures are gradually decreased, with increasing spacer length...
October 7, 2016: Soft Matter
Kei Matsumoto, Sandhya Xavier, Jun Chen, Yujiro Kida, Mark Lipphardt, Reina Ikeda, Annie Gevertz, Mario Caviris, Antonis K Hatzopoulos, Ivo Kalajzic, James Dutton, Brian B Ratliff, Hong Zhao, Zbygniew Darzynkiewicz, Stefan Rose-John, Michael S Goligorsky
: : Accumulation of myofibroblasts is a hallmark of renal fibrosis. A significant proportion of myofibroblasts has been reported to originate via endothelial-mesenchymal transition. We initially hypothesized that exposing myofibroblasts to the extract of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) could reverse this transition. Indeed, in vitro treatment of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1)-activated fibroblasts with EPC extract prevented expression of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA); however, it did not enhance expression of endothelial markers...
October 5, 2016: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
Carter J Swanson, Ruth F Sommese, Karl J Petersen, Michael Ritt, Joshua Karslake, David D Thomas, Sivaraj Sivaramakrishnan
Protein kinase C α (PKCα) is a nodal regulator in several intracellular signaling networks. PKCα is composed of modular domains that interact with each other to dynamically regulate spatial-temporal function. We find that PKCα specifically, rapidly and reversibly self-assembles in the presence of calcium in vitro. This phenomenon is dependent on, and can be modulated by an intramolecular interaction between the C1a and C2 protein domains of PKCα. Next, we monitor self-assembly of PKC-mCitrine fusion proteins using time-resolved and steady-state homoFRET...
2016: PloS One
Xia Zhang, Riming Liu, Baohua Huang, Xiaolu Zhang, Weijuan Yu, Cuixia Bao, Jie Li, Chengming Sun
Programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) is a tumor suppressor that inhibits carcinogenesis, tumor progression and invasion by preventing gene transcription and translation. Downregulation of PDCD4 expression has been identified in multiple types of human cancer, however, to date, the function of PDCD4 in leukemia has not been investigated. In the present study, PDCD4 mRNA and protein expression was investigated in 50 patients exhibiting various phases of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and 20 healthy individuals by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis...
October 2016: Oncology Letters
Tae Hyun Kim, Yoon Ha, Jun Jae Shin, Yong Eun Cho, Ji Hae Lee, Woo Ho Cho
Patients with intramedullary signal intensity (SI) changes have a poor prognosis after surgical decompression in cervical compressive myelopathy (CCM); however, some patients show no clear relationship between the SI and postsurgical prognosis. This discrepancy may be because no comprehensive and proper quantitative evaluation exists to assess SI on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The purpose of this study was prospectively to evaluate the correlation between the clinical features, neurological outcome of patients with CCM, and the quantitative assessment of SI changes preoperatively and postoperatively, and the correlation with SI severity...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Güliz Acker, Ulf C Schneider, Zarko Grozdanovic, Peter Vajkoczy, Johannes Woitzik
BACKGROUND: Disc herniations are only reported in few case reports as a rare cause of acute spinal ischemia. A surgical treatment has not been described so far in these reports with analysis of diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI/MRI) before and after surgery. The aim of our study is to report a case of cervical spinal cord ischemia caused by cervical disc herniation and discuss the literature concerning diagnostic and treatment options. METHODS: A 72-year-old female patient developed an acute progressive tetraparesis with emphasis on the upper extremities...
June 2016: J Spine Surg
Brigit A Weld, Thomas J Morgan, Jeffrey J Presneill, Steven Weier, David Cowley
An estimated 25 % of indirect ion selective electrode (ISE) ICU plasma sodium measurements differ from corresponding direct ISE values by at least 4 mmol/L, the dominant factor being indirect ISE over-estimation driven by hypoproteinemia. Since direct measurements are considered unaffected by protein concentrations, we investigated whether direct ISE plasma sodium measurements in the laboratory and at point of care in ICU show sufficient agreement to be clinically interchangeable. From a 5 year clinical chemistry database, 9910 ICU plasma samples were assessed for agreement between direct ISE sodium measurements in ICU (ABL 700) and in the central laboratory (Vitros Fusion)...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
Siwei Shi, Huanhuan Chen, Hua Jiang, Yueqing Xie, Lei Zhang, Ninghuan Li, Chencen Zhu, Junsheng Chen, Han Luo, Jiaxian Wang, Lei Feng, Huili Lu, Jianwei Zhu
Soluble expression of recombinant therapeutic proteins in Escherichia coli (E. coli) has been a challenging task in biopharmaceutical development. In this study, a novel self-cleavable tag Zbasic-intein has been constructed for the soluble expression and purification of a recombinant cytokine, human interleukin-15 (IL-15). We screened several solubilizing tags fused with the self-cleavable Mycobacterium tuberculosis recA mini-intein ∆I-CM and demonstrated that Zbasic tag can significantly improve the solubility of the product with correspondent to the intein activity...
September 28, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
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