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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455893/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-insomnia-cbt-i-to-treat-depression-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Jasmyn E A Cunningham, Colin M Shapiro
INTRODUCTION: Major depressive disorder is one of the most commonly diagnosed psychiatric illnesses, and it has a profound negative impact on an individual's ability to function. Up to 90% of individuals suffering from depression also report sleep and circadian disruptions. If these disruptions are not effectively resolved over the course of treatment, the likelihood of relapse into depression is greatly increased. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I) has shown promise in treating these sleep and circadian disturbances associated with depression, and may be effective as a stand-alone treatment for depression...
March 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451994/stroop-task-related-brain-activity-in-patients-with-insomnia-changes-after-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia
#2
Jeong Yeon Hwang, Nambeom Kim, Soohyun Kim, Juhyun Park, Jae-Won Choi, Seog Ju Kim, Chang-Ki Kang, Yu Jin Lee
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: In the present study, we compared differences in brain activity during the Stroop task between patients with chronic insomnia disorder (CID) and good sleepers (GS). Furthermore, we evaluated changes in Stroop task-related brain activity after cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I). PARTICIPANTS/METHODS: The final analysis included 21 patients with CID and 25 GS. All participants underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) while performing the color-word Stroop task...
February 16, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449026/validity-of-a-single-ptsd-checklist-item-to-screen-for-insomnia-in-survivors-of-critical-illness
#3
Elizabeth C Parsons, Catherine L Hough, Michael V Vitiello, Brian Palen, Douglas Zatzick, Dimitry S Davydow
BACKGROUND: There is no insomnia screening tool validated in intensive care unit (ICU) survivors. OBJECTIVES: To examine the validity of a single item from the PTSD checklist-Civilian version (PCL-C) to detect insomnia by Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of data from a longitudinal investigation in 120 medical-surgical ICU survivors. At 1 year post-ICU, patients completed ISI, PCL-C, and Medical Short-Form 12 (SF-12) by telephone...
February 12, 2018: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447647/association-of-pemphigus-and-systemic-corticosteroid-use-with-comorbid-health-disorders-a-case-control-study
#4
Derek Y Hsu, Joaquin Brieva, Beatrice Nardone, Dennis West, Jonathan I Silverberg
BACKGROUND: Pemphigus is a group of debilitating autoimmune blistering disorders associated with painful blisters of the skin and/or mucous membranes. Identification and management of the comorbiditiesof pemphigus is critically important to minimize morbidity and decrease mortality. OBJECTIVE: To identify the comorbid health conditions of pemphigus vulgaris. METHODS: This was a case-control study of 130 cases of pemphigus verified by a clinical and laboratory diagnosis and 390 age and sex-matched controls with complete follow-up at a large metropolitanquaternary care medical center...
December 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440804/prevalence-and-severity-of-sleep-disturbances-among-patients-with-early-breast-cancer
#5
Rami Fakih, Mahmoud Rahal, Lara Hilal, Lana Hamieh, Mohammed Dany, Simone Karam, Latifa Shehab, Nagi S El Saghir, Arafat Tfayli, Ziad Salem, Hazem Assi, Sally Temraz, Ali Shamseddine, Deborah Mukherji
Context: Data regarding health-related quality of life in breast cancer patients in the Middle East are limited with fatigue and sleep disturbance being the most distressing symptoms reported by patients treated for early breast cancer. Aims: The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence and incidence of insomnia among patients with early-stage breast cancer patients treated with chemotherapy. Subjects and Methods: This was a prospective cohort study...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439326/is-there-a-characteristic-clinical-profile-for-patients-with-dementia-and-sundown-syndrome
#6
David Angulo Sevilla, María Teresa Carreras Rodríguez, Patricia Heredia Rodríguez, Marisa Fernández Sánchez, José Aurelio Vivancos Mora, Ana Beatriz Gago-Veiga
BACKGROUND: Sundown syndrome (SS) is the onset or worsening of behavioral symptoms in the evening in patients with dementia. OBJECTIVE: To identify the differential clinical profile of patients with dementia who present SS. METHODS: A cross-sectional, case-control observational study was conducted by retrospectively reviewing the medical records of patients with dementia in a specialized Memory Unit. We compared the characteristics of patients with and without SS, including sociodemographic variables, etiology, and severity of the dementia, behavioral symptoms, sleep disorders (considering insomnia and hypersomnia), other diseases and treatments employed...
2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427910/morningness-eveningness-questionnaire-in-bipolar-disorder
#7
Keresa Kanagarajan, Karine Gou, Christina Antinora, Asli Buyukkurt, Olivia Crescenzi, Serge Beaulieu, Kai-Florian Storch, Outi Mantere
The Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire (MEQ) is among the most commonly used scales to measure chronotype. We aimed to evaluate psychometric properties and clinical correlates of MEQ in bipolar disorder. Patients with a clinical diagnosis of bipolar disorder (n = 53) answered questionnaires for chronotype (MEQ), mood (Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptoms-16, Altman Self-Rating Mania Scale), insomnia (Athens Insomnia Scale, AIS), and sleepiness (Epworth Sleepiness Scale). Mood was evaluated using Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale and Young Mania Rating Scale...
February 3, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425355/an-initial-report-of-sleep-disorders-in-women-in-the-u-s-military
#8
Dale C Capener, Matthew S Brock, Shana L Hansen, Panagiotis Matsangas, Vincent Mysliwiec
Introduction: Sleep disorders are increasingly recognized in active duty service members (ADSM). While there are multiple studies in male ADSM, there are limited data regarding sleep disorders in women in the military. The purpose of this study was to characterize sleep disorders in female ADSM referred for clinical evaluation to provide a better understanding of this unique population. Materials and Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of female ADSM who underwent a sleep medicine evaluation and an attended polysomnogram (PSG)...
February 7, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419528/sleep-disorders-as-primary-and-secondary-factors-in-relation-with-daily-functioning-in-medical-students
#9
Deldar Morad Abdulah, Rasoul Sabri Piro
BACKGROUND: College students experience various types of sleep disorders that impact daily functioning. Previous studies have focused on the effect of one sleep disorder. OBJECTIVE: Examine factors that might relate to several sleep disorders and the impacts of sleep disorders on the daily functioning in medical students. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Medical college. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A random sample of medical students from a public university was invited to participate in a cross-sectional study using the structured SLEEP-50 self-reported questionnaire...
January 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412980/insomnia-in-the-older-adult
#10
REVIEW
Glenna S Brewster, Barbara Riegel, Philip R Gehrman
Although insomnia is not a normal part of the aging process, its prevalence increases with age. Factors such as medications and medical and psychiatric disorders can increase the risk for insomnia. To diagnose insomnia, it is important for older adults to complete comprehensive sleep and health histories. Cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia, which includes stimulus control, sleep restriction, sleep hygiene, and cognitive therapy, is the recommended first-line treatment of insomnia and is more effective than medications for the long-term management of insomnia...
March 2018: Sleep Medicine Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408974/the-impact-of-sleep-disorders-on-driving-safety-findings-from-the-shrp-2-naturalistic-driving-study
#11
Shu-Yuan Liu, Miguel A Perez, Nathan Lau
Study Objectives: This study investigated the association between driving safety and seven sleep disorders amongst 3,541 participants of the Second Strategic Highway Research Program (SHRP 2) naturalistic driving study. Methods: SHRP 2 collected naturalistic driving data from participants between 16 to 98 years old by instrumenting participants' vehicles. The analyses used logistic regression to determine the likelihood of crash/near-crash involvement, Poisson log-linear regression to assess crash/near-crash rate, and ordinal logistic regression to assess driver maneuver appropriateness and crash/near-crash severity...
February 2, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404269/the-prevalence-of-restless-leg-syndrome-among-pregnant-saudi-women
#12
Mohmd Khan, Noha Mobeireek, Yassar Al-Jahdali, Nujood Al-Dubyan, Anwar Ahmed, Majed Al-Gamedi, Abdullah Al-Harbi, Hamdan Al-Jahdali
Objectives: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is common among pregnant women, but it has not been documented in pregnant Saudi Arabian women. The main purpose of this study was to estimate the extent of the prevalence of RLS and identify both the associated factors and the associated risk factors among pregnant Saudi women. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among pregnant women visiting obstetric clinics at King Abdulaziz Medical City in Riyadh (KAMC-Riyadh) over the period from June 1 to November 1, 2014...
January 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402512/paradoxical-insomnia-and-subjective-objective-sleep-discrepancy-a-review
#13
REVIEW
Leeba Rezaie, Aaron D Fobian, William Vaughn McCall, Habibolah Khazaie
Paradoxical insomnia is characterized by discrepancy between subjective and objective assessments of sleep and is challenging to diagnosis and treat. Typically, polysomnographic (PSG) findings show significantly longer total sleep time than patients' report of sleep, and the difference between subjective and PSG sleep is greater than that seen in other insomnia subtypes. Subjective-objective sleep discrepancy may also present in different clinical pictures, as marked discrepancies between patients' perception of sleep and objective findings are common in a variety of medical, sleep and psychiatric disorders...
January 6, 2018: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390272/efficacy-and-safety-of-sqjz-herbal-mixtures-on-nonmotor-symptoms-in-parkinson-disease-patients-protocol-for-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#14
Jing Shi, Jinzhou Tian, Ting Li, Bin Qin, Dongsheng Fan, Jingnian Ni, Mingqing Wei, Xuekai Zhang, Na Liu, Jianping Liu, Yumeng Li, Weiwei Liu, Yongyan Wang
BACKGROUND: As a multisystemic neurodegenerative disorder, Parkinson disease (PD) has a broad spectrum of symptoms including motor and nonmotor symptoms (NMS). As shown in studies, NMS can also impact patient's quality of life, and many of them often go untreated. Chinese herbal medicines with multiconstituent may alleviate NMS in PD patients. This research is carried out to assess the efficacy and safety of a Chinese herbal formula for NMS, with its Chinese name acronym of SQJZ. METHODS/DESIGN: It will be a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385731/benzodiazepines-i-upping-the-care-on-downers-the-evidence-of-risks-benefits-and-alternatives
#15
REVIEW
Jeffrey Guina, Brian Merrill
Benzodiazepines are some of the most commonly prescribed medications in the world. These sedative-hypnotics can provide rapid relief for symptoms like anxiety and insomnia, but are also linked to a variety of adverse effects (whether used long-term, short-term, or as needed). Many patients take benzodiazepines long-term without ever receiving evidence-based first-line treatments (e.g., psychotherapy, relaxation techniques, sleep hygiene education, serotonergic agents). This review discusses the risks and benefits of, and alternatives to benzodiazepines...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384937/acupuncture-as-a-primary-and-independent-treatment-for-a-patient-with-chronic-insomnia-one-year-follow-up-case-report
#16
Wanrong Zhang, Zhen Huang, Yuanyuan Jin
RATIONALE: Insomnia is a common disease. Till date, no study has reported the long-term (up to 1 year) outcomes of acupuncture as a primary and independent treatment in patients with insomnia. This report aims to present response of patient who was treated by acupuncture. This patient was evaluated with polysomnography. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 40-year-old patient had been diagnosed with insomnia for 2 years and getting worse since 1 month ago. He had undergone depression and anxiety emotion, but refused to take medical treatment for chronic insomnia...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383787/prevalence-of-sleep-disturbances-in-chinese-university-students-a-comprehensive-meta-analysis
#17
Lu Li, Yuan-Yuan Wang, Shi-Bin Wang, Ling Zhang, Lin Li, Dan-Dan Xu, Chee H Ng, Gabor S Ungvari, Xiling Cui, Zhao-Min Liu, Spencer De Li, Fu-Jun Jia, Yu-Tao Xiang
This is a meta-analysis of the pooled prevalence of sleep disturbances and its associated factors in Chinese university students. English (PubMed, PsycINFO, Embase) and Chinese (SinoMed, Wan Fang Database and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure) databases were systematically and independently searched from inception until 16 August 2016. The prevalence of sleep disturbances was pooled using random-effects model. Altogether 76 studies involving 112 939 university students were included. The overall pooled prevalence of sleep disturbances was 25...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382025/wendan-decoction-for-primary-insomnia-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Xia Yan, Yuanping Wang, Xiaohui Li, Ziqin Li, Yu Zhang, Xiaoli Cai, Dawei Wang
BACKGROUND: Insomnia is a widespread complaint in the general population. Wendan decoction has been widely applied in the treatment of primary insomnia. However, to our knowledge, there has been no systematic review or meta-analysis of randomized controlled trails regarding the effectiveness of this treatment. Here, we provide a protocol to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Wendan decoction for primary insomnia. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Relevant randomized controlled trials in 5 English databases [EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (Cochrane Library), PubMed, the Allied and Complementary Medicine Databases (AMED), and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL)], 4 Chinese databases [Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM), Chinese Medical Current Content (CMCC), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and Wanfang Database] will be comprehensively searched by 2 researchers in October 2017...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373993/a-hybrid-type-i-trial-to-increase-veterans-access-to-insomnia-care-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Adam D Bramoweth, Anne Germain, Ada O Youk, Keri L Rodriguez, Matthew J Chinman
BACKGROUND: Chronic insomnia is among the most reported complaints of Veterans and military personnel referred for mental health services. It is highly comorbid with medical and psychiatric disorders, and is associated with significantly increased healthcare utilization and costs. Evidence-based psychotherapy, namely Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia (CBTI), is an effective treatment and recommended over prescription sleep medications. While CBTI is part of a nationwide rollout in the Veterans Health Administration to train hundreds of providers, access to treatment is still limited for many Veterans due to limited treatment availability, low patient and provider knowledge about treatment options, and Veteran barriers such as distance and travel, work schedules, and childcare...
January 26, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371140/the-relationship-between-shift-work-and-men-s-health
#20
REVIEW
Nanfu Deng, Taylor P Kohn, Larry I Lipshultz, Alexander W Pastuszak
BACKGROUND: More than 21 million Americans and nearly 20% of the U.S. workforce are shift workers. Non-standard shift work, defined as work that falls outside of 6 am-6 pm, can lead to poor diet, exercise, and sleep habits that lead to decreased productivity, increased workplace accidents, and a variety of negative health outcomes. AIM: To investigate the associations between shift work exposure and chronic medical conditions such as metabolic syndromes, cardiovascular disease, gastrointestinal disturbances, and depression as well as urologic complications including hypogonadism, male infertility, lower urinary tract symptoms, and prostate cancer with a focus on the effects of shift work sleep disorder (SWSD) on the severity of these negative health outcomes...
January 19, 2018: Sexual Medicine Reviews
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