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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628351/sleep-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-in-the-year-after-cancer-treatment
#1
Lauren C Daniel, Richa Aggarwal, Lisa A Schwartz
PURPOSE: Adolescents and young adults (AYA) with cancer are a vulnerable group facing more intense treatments, higher symptom burden, and poorer treatment outcomes relative to younger children. Sleep disruption is common during cancer treatment and sleep problems persist into adulthood for some survivors of AYA cancer. The developmental period of adolescence/emerging adulthood confers greater biological and behavioral risk for insufficient sleep relative to older or younger ages. Thus, understanding AYA sleep disturbances shortly after completing treatment can inform interventions to manage cancer-related symptoms and improve quality of life...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627272/depression-and-insomnia-are-independently-associated-with-satisfaction-and-enjoyment-of-life-in-medication-overuse-headache-patients
#2
Maurizio Pompili, Marco Innamorati, Dorian A Lamis, Gianluca Serafini, Federica Ricci, Monica Migliorati, Samantha Bellini, Denise Erbuto, Marianna Mazza, Marco Di Nicola, Luigi Janiri, Xenia Gonda, Zoltan Rihmer, Mario Amore, Paolo Girardi, Paolo Martelletti
Objective Medication-overuse headache is often comorbid with emotional disturbances and disordered personality traits. The aim of the present study was to determine whether depression and insomnia complaints were associated with satisfaction and enjoyment with one's own life in medication-overuse headache patients, and whether insomnia complaints were able to explain part of the variance of Quality of Life explained by depression. Methods Participants were 187 consecutive adult outpatients admitted to the Regional Referral Headache Centre of the Sant'Andrea Hospital in Rome, Italy...
July 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626295/restoring-effective-sleep-tranquility-rest-a-feasibility-and-pilot-study
#3
Aaron M Eakman, Arlene A Schmid, Kimberly L Henry, Natalie R Rolle, Catherine Schelly, Christine E Pott, Joshua E Burns
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this pilot study was to establish the feasibility of completing a future controlled trial of a multi-component cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia program for military veterans with sleep disturbance. METHOD: This was a single-arm feasibility and pilot study. Participants were United States post-9/11 veterans with service-connected injuries, university students, and had self-reported sleep disturbances. Restoring Effective Sleep Tranquility was a multi-component cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia intervention consisting of seven sessions of group therapy and eight 1:1 sessions delivered by occupational therapists...
June 2017: British Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620158/clinical-features-and-sleep-analysis-of-chinese-patients-with-fatal-familial-insomnia
#4
Liyong Wu, Hui Lu, Xianling Wang, Jia Liu, Chaoyang Huang, Jing Ye, Cuijiang Li, Jun Lu, Yuping Wang, Jianping Jia, Shuqin Zhan
This study aimed to examine clinical features, sleep, abnormal sleep-wake transition and non-sleep disturbances as well as lab tests in Chinese fatal familial insomnia (FFI) subjects. Patients with confirmed clinical and laboratory diagnosis of FFI have been retrospectively reviewed. The clinical features and the results of the complementary tests, including polysomnography (PSG), brain imaging and genetic analysis, were used. Two male and three female patients were recruited in this study. Three of the five patients had more comprehensive family medical records...
June 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617161/insomnia-and-relationship-with-immunosuppressant-therapy-after-lung-transplantation
#5
Kalynn A Rohde, Zachary W Schlei, Krista M Katers, Ashley K Weber, Marissa M Brokhof, Donald S Hawes, Kelly L Radford, Mary L Francois, Nathan J Menninga, Richard Cornwell, Ruth Benca, Mary S Hayney, John M Dopp
BACKGROUND: Lung transplant recipients are at high risk of developing sleep disorders such as insomnia, but the prevalence and features are currently poorly characterized within this population. Since these disorders are associated with increased morbidity and mortality, it is important to identify them to optimize the care of lung transplant recipients. We sought to evaluate the prevalence of insomnia within our university-based lung transplant clinic and determine whether a relationship exists between insomnia and exposure to immunosuppressant medications following transplantation...
June 2017: Progress in Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603433/evaluation-of-effectiveness-and-safety-of-a-herbal-compound-in-primary-insomnia-symptoms-and-sleep-disturbances-not-related-to-medical-or-psychiatric-causes
#6
Giancarlo Palmieri, Paola Contaldi, Giuseppe Fogliame
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Sleep disturbances and related daytime activities impairment are common diseases nowadays. General practitioners are often the first health care professional asked to alleviate sleep disturbances and primary insomnia symptoms. Beyond a wide class of hypnotic drugs, botanicals can represent an alternative treatment for those kinds of symptoms. The scope of the present study is to evaluate safety and effectiveness of a herbal compound composed of valerian, hop, and jujube (Vagonotte(®)) on primary insomnia symptoms and sleep disturbances not related to medical or psychiatric causes...
2017: Nature and Science of Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596466/-clocks-behavior-and-cognition
#7
Akinori Futamura, Azusa Shiromaru, Takeshi Kuroda, Motoyasu Honma, Ryuta Kinno, Kenjiro Ono, Mitsuru Kawamura
The nerve center responsible for controlling our circadian rhythm is located in a cluster of cells known as the suprachiasmatic nucleus in the hypothalamus. Various physiological functions such as sleep, arousal, blood pressure, body temperature, and hormone secretion are regulated in a 24-hour rhythm by this circuit. Somatic cells of other organs have a peripheral clock gene and by synchronizing the rhythm of the central and peripheral clocks, it is possible to live a healthy life. Due to aging and degenerative disease, circadian rhythm gradually collapses...
June 2017: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591818/yokukansan-for-the-treatment-of-preoperative-anxiety-and-postoperative-delirium-in-colorectal-cancer-patients-a-retrospective-study
#8
Saho Wada, Hironobu Inoguchi, Takatoshi Hirayama, Yutaka J Matsuoka, Yosuke Uchitomi, Hiroki Ochiai, Shunsuke Tsukamoto, Dai Shida, Yukihide Kanemitsu, Ken Shimizu
Background: Yokukansan (YKS), a Japanese traditional herbal medicine for neurosis and insomnia, is speculated to be useful for perioperative psychiatric symptoms in cancer patients, but there exists little empirical evidence. This study provides preliminary data about the efficacy, feasibility, and side effects of YKS for the treatment of preoperative anxiety and postoperative delirium in cancer patients. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of colorectal cancer patients who took YKS for preoperative anxiety, evaluating the following: (1) patient characteristics, (2) feasibility of taking YKS, (3) changes in preoperative anxiety based on the Clinical Global Impression (CGI) scale and Edmonton Symptom Assessment System-revised (ESAS-r-anxiety), (4) incidence of postoperative delirium and (5) YKS-related side effects...
June 7, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587609/hypertension-with-unsatisfactory-sleep-health-hush-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Jessica C Levenson, Bruce L Rollman, Lee M Ritterband, Patrick J Strollo, Kenneth J Smith, Jonathan G Yabes, Charity G Moore, Allison G Harvey, Daniel J Buysse
BACKGROUND: Insomnia is common in primary care medical practices. Although behavioral treatments for insomnia are safe, efficacious, and recommended in practice guidelines, they are not widely-available, and their effects on comorbid medical conditions remain uncertain. We are conducting a pragmatic clinical trial to test the efficacy of two cognitive behavioral treatments for insomnia (Brief Behavioral Treatment for Insomnia (BBTI) and Sleep Healthy Using the Internet (SHUTi)) versus an enhanced usual care condition (EUC)...
June 6, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580495/factors-associated-with-sexual-quality-of-life-among-midlife-women-in-serbia
#10
Tatjana Gazibara, Selmina Nurkovic, Nikolina Kovacevic, Ilma Kurtagic, Biljana Rancic, Sanja Radovanovic, Branislav Milosevic, Milan Terzic, Jelena Dotlic
PURPOSE: To assess factors associated with better sexual quality of life (QOL) in midlife period among women who are and are not sexually active. METHODS: Participants were 500 women aged 40-65 years from Belgrade, Serbia. Data were collected through general questionnaire (regarding socio-demographic characteristics, lifestyle habits, general medical, and gynecological history) in which one item investigated having partnered sexual activity (heterosexual intercourses)...
June 3, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567500/treatment-of-sleep-dysfunction-in-parkinson-s-disease
#11
REVIEW
Amy W Amara, Lana M Chahine, Aleksandar Videnovic
Impaired sleep and alertness affect the majority of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients, negatively impacting safety and quality of life. The etiology of impaired sleep-wake cycle in PD is multifactorial and encompasses medication side effects, nocturnal PD motor symptoms, and presence of co-existent sleep and neuropsychiatric disorders. The primary neurodegenerative process of PD involves brain regions that regulate the sleep-wake cycle, such as brainstem and hypothalamic nuclei. Sleep disorders in PD include insomnia, REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD), sleep disordered breathing (SDB), restless legs syndrome (RLS), and circadian disruption...
July 2017: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559456/can-exercise-suppress-tumour-growth-in-advanced-prostate-cancer-patients-with-sclerotic-bone-metastases-a-randomised-controlled-study-protocol-examining-feasibility-safety-and-efficacy
#12
Nicolas H Hart, Robert U Newton, Nigel A Spry, Dennis R Taaffe, Suzanne K Chambers, Kynan T Feeney, David J Joseph, Andrew D Redfern, Tom Ferguson, Daniel A Galvão
INTRODUCTION: Exercise may positively alter tumour biology through numerous modulatory and regulatory mechanisms in response to a variety of modes and dosages, evidenced in preclinical models to date. Specifically, localised and systemic biochemical alterations produced during and following exercise may suppress tumour formation, growth and distribution by virtue of altered epigenetics and endocrine-paracrine activity. Given the impressive ability of targeted mechanical loading to interfere with metastasis-driven tumour formation in human osteolytic tumour cells, it is of equal interest to determine whether a similar effect is observed in sclerotic tumour cells...
May 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557681/hypnosis-in-cancer-care
#13
Joshua Wortzel, David Spiegel
Cancer affects a growing proportion of the population as survival improves. The illness and its treatment brings a substantial burden of symptoms, including pain, anxiety, insomnia, and grief. Here, the uses of hypnosis in the treatment of these cancer-related problems will be reviewed. The utility of measuring hypnotizability in the clinical setting will be discussed. The current neurobiology of hypnotizability and hypnosis will be reviewed. Methods and results of using hypnosis for pain control in acute and chronic settings will be presented...
July 2017: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557678/cancer-palliation-layered-hypnotic-approaches-mending-symptoms-minding-hope-and-meaning
#14
Daniel L Handel, Sylvain Néron
Advanced cancer often produces significant symptoms such as pain, anxiety, insomnia, nausea, and cachexia; many symptoms require medication adjustments in dose and route of administration, and most patients have significant symptom burdens near the end of life. Treatment strategies that integrate mind-body approaches, such as hypnosis, to improve symptoms are increasingly being studied and utilized. The current article addresses the role for adjunctive hypnotic approaches to relieve suffering from pain and other symptoms, while fostering hope, even in the midst of advancing illness, similar to Snyder's (2002) metaphorical painting of "a personal rainbow of the mind" (p...
July 2017: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552680/community-pharmacy-modifications-to-non-prescription-medication-requests-a-simulated-patient-study
#15
Jack C Collins, Carl R Schneider, Frances Wilson, Abilio C de Almeida Neto, Rebekah J Moles
BACKGROUND: Self-care, and hence self-medication, is becoming an increasingly popular practice worldwide. Community pharmacies are an important destination for those seeking non-prescription medicines, and pharmacists and their staff are in a prime position to facilitate appropriate and safe self-medication. PURPOSE: To determine what modifications (for example, a change in brand, change in drug, or non-supply) pharmacy staff make when presented with a request for a non-prescription medicine, and to determine what factors influence whether a modification is made...
May 22, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547881/prevalence-and-clinical-correlates-of-insomnia-in-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#16
E J Brevik, A J Lundervold, A Halmøy, M-B Posserud, J T Instanes, B Bjorvatn, J Haavik
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of insomnia in adults with Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and its association with clinical subtypes, current ADHD symptoms, and stimulant treatment. METHOD: We obtained diagnostic information, symptom rating scales and treatment history from clinically ascertained adult ADHD patients diagnosed according to DSM-IV criteria (n = 268, mean age 38.1 years) and randomly selected population controls (n = 202, mean age 36...
May 26, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546138/mental-health-mobile-apps-for-preadolescents-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Rebecca Grist, Joanna Porter, Paul Stallard
BACKGROUND: There are an increasing number of mobile apps available for adolescents with mental health problems and an increasing interest in assimilating mobile health (mHealth) into mental health services. Despite the growing number of apps available, the evidence base for their efficacy is unclear. OBJECTIVE: This review aimed to systematically appraise the available research evidence on the efficacy and acceptability of mobile apps for mental health in children and adolescents younger than 18 years...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530312/-the-second-victim-treating-the-health-care-providers
#18
REVIEW
Shimrit Shor, Orna Tal, Ron Maymon
During their professional careers, physicians and other health care providers are repeatedly exposed to emotional stress. This is usually secondary to coping with the results of a medical error or complicated medical event. Generally, in the above cases, the patient and his/her family are in the center of the medical system, being "the first victim" of such an event, while the involved caregiver, who provided the medical service, is categorized as the "second victim". "Second victims" may feel anxiety, fear, guilt or anger and experience social withdrawal, which may lead to troubling memories, depression and insomnia...
January 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527163/pharmacotherapy-of-insomnia-and-current-updates
#19
REVIEW
Arup Kumar Misra, Pramod Kumar Sharma
Insomnia is highly prevalent and is associated with a range of psychological, psychiatric, and medical conditions. Insomnia affects health by influencing cognitive, emotional and social functioning. Circadian and sleep homeostatic processes play an important role in insomnia development and its maintenance. Several efficacious treatments, both pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic, exist for the management of insomnia. Among non-pharmacologic treatments including stimulus control therapy, sleep restriction, relaxation, sleep hygiene and cognitive therapy have been shown to be efficacious...
April 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526255/associations-of-objective-and-subjective-sleep-disturbance-with-cognitive-function-in-older-men-with-comorbid-depression-and-insomnia
#20
Daniel J Biddle, Sharon L Naismith, Kathleen M Griffiths, Helen Christensen, Ian B Hickie, Nicholas S Glozier
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether poor objective and subjective sleep quality are differentially associated with cognitive function. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Participants were recruited from primary and secondary care, and directly from the community, in Sydney, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: The sample consisted of 74 men 50years and older (mean [SD], 58.4 [6.2] years), with comorbid depression and above-threshold insomnia symptoms, participating in a trial of online cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia...
June 2017: Sleep Health
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