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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426839/medical-history-in-the-hellenic-journal-of-nuclear-medicine
#1
EDITORIAL
Andreas Otte, Byeong Cheol Ahn
The Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine is about to celebrate its 20th anniversary end of 2017. On board of the editorial team since 2003, this journal has influenced me like a good friend over the many past years. From time to time, the journal has published interesting and valuable historical notes. They show that nuclear medicine has a history and that medicine is its basis. They also teach us today, and some of the ancient perspectives and approaches are still valid. The reader of HJNM may be interested in these historical contributions, as they are timeless...
January 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424378/-recognition-care-and-prevention-of-suicidal-behaviour-in-adults
#2
Zoltán Rihmer, Attila Németh, Tamás Kurimay, Dóra Perczel-Forintos, György Purebl, Péter Döme
Suicide is a major public health problem everywhere in the world and in the WHO European Region suicide accounts for over 120,000 deaths per year. 1. Recognition and diagnosis: An underlying psychiatric disorder is present in up to 90% of people who completed suicide. Comorbidity with depression, anxiety, substance abuse and personality disorders is high. In order to achieve successful prevention of suicidality, adequate diagnostic procedures and appropriate treatment for the underlying disorder are essential...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422845/response-to-benzodiazepines-and-the-clinical-course-in-malignant-catatonia-associated-with-schizophrenia-a-case-report
#3
Kazutaka Ohi, Aki Kuwata, Takamitsu Shimada, Toshiki Yasuyama, Yusuke Nitta, Takashi Uehara, Yasuhiro Kawasaki
BACKGROUND: Malignant catatonia (MC) is a disorder consisting of catatonic symptoms, hyperthermia, autonomic instability, and altered mental status. Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) caused by antipsychotics is considered a variant of MC. Benzodiazepine (BZD) medications are safe and effective treatments providing rapid relief from MC. This case study reports a detailed clinical course of a case of MC associated with schizophrenia initially diagnosed as NMS that responded successfully to BZDs but not to dantrolene...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411520/the-relationship-between-mood-disorder-and-insomnia-depends-on-race-in-us-veterans-with-epilepsy
#4
Ima M Ebong, Maria R Lopez, Andres M Kanner, Douglas M Wallace
PURPOSE: Few data exist on race, medical/psychiatric comorbidities, and insomnia symptoms in US veterans with epilepsy. Our aims were to examine 1) whether insomnia symptom prevalence was different between Black and White veterans and 2) whether predictors of insomnia symptoms varied by race. METHODS: This retrospective, cross-sectional study included veterans evaluated in an epilepsy clinic over the course of 1.5years. Individuals completed standardized assessments for epilepsy and sleep complaints...
April 12, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403870/noise-sensitivity-rather-than-noise-level-predicts-the-non-auditory-effects-of-noise-in-community-samples-a-population-based-survey
#5
Jangho Park, Seockhoon Chung, Jiho Lee, Joo Hyun Sung, Seung Woo Cho, Chang Sun Sim
BACKGROUND: Excessive noise affects human health and interferes with daily activities. Although environmental noise may not directly cause mental illness, it may accelerate and intensify the development of latent mental disorders. Noise sensitivity (NS) is considered a moderator of non-auditory noise effects. In the present study, we aimed to assess whether NS is associated with non-auditory effects. METHODS: We recruited a community sample of 1836 residents residing in Ulsan and Seoul, South Korea...
April 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393991/-quality-of-life-in-chilean-breast-cancer-survivors
#6
M Elisa Irarrázaval, Pascale Kleinman, Fernando Silva R, Loreto Fernández González, Camilo Torres, Marcela Fritis, Carolina Barriga, Herman Waintrub
BACKGROUND: Quality of Life (QOL) assessment may evaluate the impact of diseases and their treatment on the overall well-being of patients. AIM: To assess QOL in Chilean breast cancer survivors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ninety one female breast cancer patients aged 60 ± 10 years, who finished their oncologic treatment at least a year prior to the assessment, who were disease free and in medical follow-up were included in the study. They completed the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-C30 core questionnaire and the breast cancer module QLQ-BR23...
December 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393639/the-safety-of-extended-release-drug-formulations-for-the-treatment-of-adhd
#7
Ann Childress
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a complex neurobehavioral disorder affecting millions of patients worldwide. Effective treatments have been available for more than 60 years in the form of immediate-release (IR) stimulants However, stimulants have a high risk for abuse and are associated with adverse effects Including elevated blood pressure and heart rate, insomnia and decreased appetite. IR formulations also require multiple daily dosing. The search for improved safety, tolerability and convenience has led to the development of multiple extended-release (ER) stimulant and non-stimulant formulations...
April 10, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392168/cognitive-and-behavioral-therapies-in-the-treatment-of-insomnia-a-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Annemieke van Straten, Tanja van der Zweerde, Annet Kleiboer, Pim Cuijpers, Charles M Morin, Jaap Lancee
Insomnia is a major public health problem considering its high prevalence, impact on daily life, co-morbidity with other disorders and societal costs. Cognitive behavioral treatment for insomnia (CBTI) is currently considered to be the preferred treatment. However, no meta-analysis exists of all studies using at least one component of CBTI for insomnia, which also uses modern techniques to pool data and to analyze subgroups of patients. We included 87 randomized controlled trials, comparing 118 treatments (3724 patients) to non-treated controls (2579 patients)...
February 9, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391713/impact-of-insomnia-on-pain-in-postmenopausal-women
#9
C Frange, M Fernanda Naufel, M Levy Andersen, E Beraldi Ribeiro, M J B Castelo Girão, S Tufik, H Hachul
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbances and pain are assumed to be reciprocally linked. Insomnia and pain are central symptoms of the postmenopausal period and are closely related. Insomnia affects quality of life, increases pain sensitivity, the risk of pain-related disability, and other health problems. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether insomnia influences aspects of pain (pain intensity and the effect of pain on daily function) in postmenopausal women, and to evaluate the objective sleep pattern of insomniacs with pain...
April 9, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389588/probable-rem-sleep-behavior-disorder-and-risk-of-stroke-a-prospective-study
#10
Chaoran Ma, Milena Pavlova, Yesong Liu, Ying Liu, Chunmei Huangfu, Shouling Wu, Xiang Gao
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether probable REM sleep behavior disorder (pRBD) was associated with increased risk of developing stroke in a community-based cohort. METHODS: The study included 12,003 participants (mean age 54.0 years) of the Kailuan Study, free of stroke, cancer, Parkinson disease, dementia, and head injury at baseline (2012). We determined pRBD using a validated REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) questionnaire in 2012. Incident stroke cases were confirmed by review of medical records...
April 7, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388974/validation-of-the-korean-version-of-the-mini-sleep-questionnaire-insomnia-in-korean-college-students
#11
Hee-Ju Kim
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the reliability and validity of the Korean version of the Mini-Sleep Questionnaire-Insomnia in Korean college students. METHODS: A total of 470 students from six nursing colleges in South Korea participated in the study. The translation and linguistic validation of the Mini-Sleep Questionnaire-Insomnia was performed based on guidelines. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and the Perceived Stress Scale were used to validate the measure...
March 2017: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377394/efficacy-and-safety-of-suanzaoren-decoction-for-chronic-insomnia-disorder-in-adults-study-protocol-for-randomised-double-blind-double-dummy-placebo-controlled-trial
#12
Qi-Hui Zhou, Hui-Lin Wang, Xiao-Li Zhou, Meng-Bei Xu, Hong-Feng Zhang, Li-Bo Huang, Guo-Qing Zheng, Yan Lin
BACKGROUND: Insomnia disorder is defined as a combination of dissatisfaction with sleep quantity or quality and a significant negative impact on daytime functioning. Chronic insomnia disorder refers to clinical symptoms of persistent insomnia at least three nights a week for at least 3 months. Prevalence estimates of insomnia disorder range from 12% to 20% in the adult population, with approximately 50% having a chronic course. The potential side effects of hypnotic medications hinder their clinical application...
April 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375394/insomnia-getting-to-the-cause-facilitating-relief
#13
REVIEW
Adam J Sorscher
Chronic insomnia is often the result of multiple underlying physiologic, psychological, and social factors. A sleep log, sleep hygiene, CBT, and medication can help.
April 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375179/perspectives-on-technology-assisted-relaxation-approaches-to-support-mind-body-skills-practice-in-children-and-teens-clinical-experience-and-commentary
#14
Timothy Culbert
It has been well-established that a variety of mind-body (MB) techniques, including yoga, mental imagery, hypnosis, biofeedback, and meditation, are effective at addressing symptoms such as pain, anxiety, nausea, and insomnia, as well as helping with a wide variety of medical, emotional, and behavioral issues in pediatric populations. In addition, MB skills can also be health promoting in the long-term, and with regular practice, could potentially contribute to longer attention spans, social skills, emotional regulation, and enhanced immune system functioning...
April 4, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365447/suvorexant-for-the-treatment-of-primary-insomnia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Akira Kuriyama, Hiromitsu Tabata
Suvorexant is a dual orexin receptor agonist and is currently approved for the treatment of insomnia in the United States and Japan. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the efficacy and safety of suvorexant for the treatment of primary insomnia. We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane central register of controlled trials, contacted a relevant pharmaceutical company, and accessed websites of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency (PMDA) for published and unpublished data...
October 28, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365203/the-bidirectional-longitudinal-relationship-between-insomnia-depression-and-anxiety-in-patients-with-early-stage-medication-na%C3%A3-ve-parkinson-s-disease
#16
Sonja Rutten, Chris Vriend, Ysbrand D van der Werf, Henk W Berendse, Daniel Weintraub, Odile A van den Heuvel
INTRODUCTION: While anxiety, depression and insomnia frequently (co-)occur in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients, little is known about their temporal relationship. In this study, we tested two hypotheses: i) insomnia predicts an increase in symptoms of depression or anxiety and ii) anxiety or depression at baseline predicts insomnia in PD patients six months later. METHODS: We used longitudinal data from a prospective cohort study of early-stage, medication-naïve PD patients...
February 1, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365034/capsaicin-8-patch-versus-oral-neuropathic-pain-medications-for-the-treatment-of-painful-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-a-systematic-literature-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#17
Floortje van Nooten, Maarten Treur, Krystallia Pantiri, Malcolm Stoker, Mata Charokopou
PURPOSE: A network meta-analysis (NMA) was performed, aiming to assess the relative efficacy and tolerability of the capsaicin 179-mg (8% weight for weight) cutaneous patch (capsaicin 8% patch) compared with oral, centrally acting agents (ie, pregabalin, gabapentin, duloxetine, amitriptyline) in patients with painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy (PDPN). METHODS: A systematic search of EMBASE/MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, and the National Health Service Centre for Reviews and Dissemination Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effects was conducted to identify all randomized controlled trials...
March 29, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364510/effectiveness-of-benzodiazepine-receptor-agonists-in-the-treatment-of-insomnia-an-examination-of-response-and-remission-rates
#18
Vivek Pillai, Thomas Roth, Timothy Roehrs, Kenneth Moss, Edward L Peterson, Christopher L Drake
Study objectives: To examine the real-world effectiveness of benzodiazepine receptor agonists (BzRAs) by quantifying response and remission rates in a clinical sample receiving chronic BzRA treatment for insomnia. Methods: Participants were outpatients (N = 193; 72% female; 55.2 ± 11.1 year) who had an insomnia diagnosis per medical records, and who were taking a therapeutic dose of BzRA for their insomnia. Endpoints were nocturnal sleep disturbance and Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) scores...
February 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364487/a-population-based-study-on-nighttime-road-traffic-noise-and-insomnia
#19
Jorunn Evandt, Bente Oftedal, Norun Hjertager Krog, Per Nafstad, Per E Schwarze, Gunn Marit Aasvang
Study Objectives: The aims of the present study were to investigate how nighttime road traffic noise relates to self-reported symptoms of insomnia and sleep medication use. Methods: We used questionnaire data from the population-based study Health and Environment in Oslo (HELMILO) (2009-2010; n = 13019). The insomnia symptoms difficulties falling asleep, awakenings during the night, and waking up too early in the morning as well as self-reported sleep medication use were included as outcomes...
February 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364452/insomnia-patients-with-objective-short-sleep-duration-have-a-blunted-response-to-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-insomnia
#20
Christina J Bathgate, Jack D Edinger, Andrew D Krystal
Study Objectives: This study examined whether individuals with insomnia and objective short sleep duration <6 h, a subgroup with greater risks of adverse health outcomes, differ in their response to cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) when compared to individuals with insomnia and normal sleep duration ≥6 h. Methods: Secondary analyses of a randomized, clinical trial with 60 adult participants (n = 31 women) from a single academic medical center...
January 1, 2017: Sleep
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