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Crisis decision making

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30226724/at-a-glance-opioid-surveillance-monitoring-and-responding-to-the-evolving-crisis
#1
Kahina Abdesselam, Matthew James Dann, Ramona Alwis, Julie Laroche, Samuel Ileka-Priouzeau
The incidence of opioid-related overdoses is increasing at an alarming pace, largely driven by the increased use of fentanyl and its analogues. The need for sound and reliable sources of data on opioid use is crucial in order to make decisions on implementing efficient interventions, and develop appropriate policies and guidelines to mitigate the burden of opioid use. This article highlights initiatives undertaken by federal partners to address the opioid crisis in Canada. The need for novel surveillance approaches that improve the collection and harmonization of drug-related data is also discussed...
September 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30219223/clinician-response-to-a-child-who-completes-suicide
#2
REVIEW
Cheryl S Al-Mateen, Kathryn Jones, Julie Linker, Dorothy O'Keefe, Valentina Cimolai
Although suicide is a leading cause of death for children and adolescents, there is a dearth of literature on clinician responses to suicides in that age group. However, most psychiatrists experience the death of a patient by suicide, with resulting grief reactions including shock, isolation, rumination, self-doubt, and impact on clinical decision making. The impact is more pronounced in trainee clinicians. Postvention is the clinical, administrative, legal, and emotional processes following a suicide. These processes are discussed in detail, with recommendations for policies and training that assist clinicians with this tragic, but common, professional crisis...
October 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30181673/simulation-based-crisis-resource-management-in-pharmacy-education
#3
Marie-Laurence Tremblay
Objective. To describe strategies for implementation of simulation-based crisis resource management (CRM) in pharmacy education and present students' appreciation of an interdisciplinary CRM training at a university in Canada. Methods. In fall 2016, third-year undergraduate pharmacy students at Laval University and pharmacy technician students from Fierbourg school participated in a CRM activity and completed a five-item survey to assess the quality of the CRM activity they had just experienced. Paired t-tests were computed to detect differences of appreciation between pharmacy technician students and pharmacy students...
August 2018: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30181515/hands-on-experience-of-crowdsourcing-for-flood-risks-an-android-mobile-application-tested-in-frederikssund-denmark
#4
Simone Frigerio, Luca Schenato, Giulia Bossi, Matteo Mantovani, Gianluca Marcato, Alessandro Pasuto
There is evidence that the toll of death and destruction caused by natural hazards is rising. This is often ascribed to the impact of climate change that resulted in an increased frequency of extreme meteorological events. As a consequence, it is realistic to expect that the casualties and damages caused by floods will increase in the near future. Advanced weather forecast is a fundamental tool to predict the occurrence of floods and structural mitigation measures are crucial for flood protection. However, these strategies should be associate with tools to promote and increase natural-disaster awareness and nonstructural mitigation measures in the exposed population...
September 4, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30175173/ethical-issues-in-technological-disaster-a-systematic-review-of-literature
#5
REVIEW
Ali Khaji, Bagher Larijani, Seyed Mohammad Ghodsi, Mohammad A Mohagheghi, Hammid R Khankeh, Soheil Saadat, Seyed Mahmoud Tabatabaei, Davoud Khorasani-Zavareh
Background: Industrialization could bring risk of Technological Disaster (TD) such as happened in Chernobyl, Bhopal and Fukushima crisis. Little has been discussed about its related ethical issues. In this study, we aimed to investigate ethical issues have been stated for technological disasters. Methods: A systematic search was conducted on the main international literature databases including Pubmed, Embase, Scopus and ISI (Jan 1, 2000 to Jan 1, 2018). From 64articles were eligible for investigation of ethical issues in Natural disaster, 6 was related to Technological Disaster...
July 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30170901/communication-between-pharmacists-and-primary-care-physicians-in-the-midst-of-a-u-s-opioid-crisis
#6
Geoffrey M Curran, Patricia R Freeman, Bradley C Martin, Benjamin S Teeter, Karen L Drummond, Katharine Bradley, Mary M Thannisch, Cynthia L Mosley, Nancy Schoenberg, Mark Edlund
BACKGROUND: Effective communication between prescribers of opioids and community pharmacists can contribute to maximizing appropriate pain management and reducing opioid misuse and diversion. While much of the education and training available on reducing opioid misuse and diversion stresses the importance of interprofessional communication between prescribers and pharmacists, few studies have been explored those communication patterns directly. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this manuscript are to present and explore key emergent themes from a qualitative study around the nature, frequency, and content of communication between primary care physicians (PCPs) and pharmacists focusing on opioids...
August 10, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30157828/real-and-predicted-mortality-under-health-spending-constraints-in-italy-a-time-trend-analysis-through-artificial-neural-networks
#7
Davide Golinelli, Andrea Bucci, Fabrizio Toscano, Filippo Filicori, Maria Pia Fantini
BACKGROUND: After 2008 global economic crisis, Italian governments progressively reduced public healthcare financing. Describing the time trend of health outcomes and health expenditure may be helpful for policy makers during the resources' allocation decision making process. The aim of this paper is to analyze the trend of mortality and health spending in Italy and to investigate their correlation in consideration of the funding constraints experienced by the Italian national health system (SSN)...
August 29, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30135961/integrated-otolaryngology-and-anesthesia-simulation-model-for-crisis-management-of-cavernous-carotid-artery-injury
#8
Haley E Calcagno, Brandon Lucke-Wold, Michele Noles, Dawn Dillman, Mark Baskerville, Donn Spight, Jeremy N Ciporen
Simulation training is emerging as a cost-effective way to train residents on the skill sets necessary to excel as fully functioning physicians. Until recently, the simulated resident training environments have primarily focused on handling a medical crisis with learners from the same specialty. A dual otolaryngology and anesthesiology simulation was established to improve teamwork and communication skills between specialties. One otolaryngology resident was paired with one anesthesia resident per trial in our study...
2018: Archives of neurology and neuro disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30126743/what-about-my-daughter-s-future-parental-concerns-when-considering-female-genital-restoration-surgery-in-girls-with-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia
#9
K M Szymanski, B Whittam, M Kaefer, H Frady, M P Cain, R C Rink
PURPOSE: The parental decision-making process regarding female genital restoration surgery (FGRS) for girls with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is controversial and poorly understood. The aim of the study aim was to evaluate parental concerns related to their child's future and parental plans about disclosure prior to FGRS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors performed an online survey of consecutive parents presenting at a tertiary referral center for consultation regarding FGRS for their daughter with CAH before 3 years of age (2016-2018)...
July 23, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30120267/assessing-the-use-of-influenza-forecasts-and-epidemiological-modeling-in-public-health-decision-making-in-the-united-states
#10
Colin Doms, Sarah C Kramer, Jeffrey Shaman
Although forecasts and other mathematical models have the potential to play an important role in mitigating the impact of infectious disease outbreaks, the extent to which these tools are used in public health decision making in the United States is unclear. Throughout 2015, we invited public health practitioners belonging to three national public health organizations to complete a cross-sectional survey containing questions on model awareness, model use, and communication with modelers. Of 39 respondents, 46...
August 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30106841/the-public-health-uniform-national-data-system-phund-a-platform-for-monitoring-fiscal-health-and-sustainability-of-the-public-health-system
#11
Peggy A Honoré, Carlos Zometa, Craig Thomas, Ashley Edmiston
CONTEXT: Leaders of government agencies are responsible for stewardship over taxpayer investments. Stewardship strengthens agency performance that is critical to improving population health. Most industries, including health care, and public enterprises, such as education, have policies for uniform data reporting and financial systems for the application of theoretical analytical techniques to organizations and entire systems. However, this is not a mainstreamed practice in local and state government public health...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30066523/decision-making-in-humanitarian-crises-politics-and-not-only-evidence-is-the-problem
#12
Sandro Colombo, Francesco Checchi
Accurate, relevant and timely public health information is paramount in a humanitarian crisis: it can help to identify needs and priorities, guide decisions on interventions and resource allocation, monitor trends, evaluate the effectiveness of the response, support advocacy for human rights, and extract lessons that could be relevant in similar contexts. The present review shows, however, that the public health information available in humanitarian crises is, in general, inadequate and that its application is secondary to reasoning and incentives of a political nature, thus contributing to the recurrent failings of humanitarian action...
May 2018: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30056528/family-caregiver-descriptions-of-stopping-chemotherapy-and-end-of-life-transitions
#13
S A Norton, M N Wittink, P R Duberstein, H G Prigerson, S Stanek, R M Epstein
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe family caregivers' perspectives of the final month of life of patients with advanced cancer, particularly whether and how chemotherapy was discontinued and the effect of clinical decision-making on family caregivers' perceptions of the patient's experience of care at the end of life (EOL). METHODS: Qualitative descriptive design using semi-structured interviews collected from 92 family caregivers of patients with end-stage cancer enrolled in a randomized clinical trial...
July 28, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30028114/quarantine-and-the-federal-role-in-epidemics
#14
Michael R Ulrich, Wendy K Mariner
Every recent presidential administration has faced an infectious disease threat, and this trend is certain to continue. The states have primary responsibility for protecting the public's health under their police powers, but modern travel makes diseases almost impossible to contain intrastate. How should the federal government respond in the future? The Ebola scare in the U.S. repeated a typical response--demands for quarantine. In January 2017, the Department of Health and Human Services and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention issued final regulations on its authority to issue Federal Quarantine Orders...
2018: SMU Law Review: a Publication of Southern Methodist University School of Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30020981/analysis-of-global-stock-index-data-during-crisis-period-via-complex-network-approach
#15
Bentian Li, Dechang Pi
Considerable research has been done on the complex stock market, however, there is very little systematic work on the impact of crisis on global stock markets. For filling in these gaps, we propose a complex network method, which analyzes the effects of the 2008 global financial crisis on global main stock index from 2005 to 2010. Firstly, we construct three weighted networks. The physics-derived technique of minimum spanning tree is utilized to investigate the networks of three stages. Regional clustering is found in each network...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30016319/nonlinear-and-delayed-impacts-of-climate-on-dengue-risk-in-barbados-a-modelling-study
#16
Rachel Lowe, Antonio Gasparrini, Cédric J Van Meerbeeck, Catherine A Lippi, Roché Mahon, Adrian R Trotman, Leslie Rollock, Avery Q J Hinds, Sadie J Ryan, Anna M Stewart-Ibarra
BACKGROUND: Over the last 5 years (2013-2017), the Caribbean region has faced an unprecedented crisis of co-occurring epidemics of febrile illness due to arboviruses transmitted by the Aedes sp. mosquito (dengue, chikungunya, and Zika). Since 2013, the Caribbean island of Barbados has experienced 3 dengue outbreaks, 1 chikungunya outbreak, and 1 Zika fever outbreak. Prior studies have demonstrated that climate variability influences arbovirus transmission and vector population dynamics in the region, indicating the potential to develop public health interventions using climate information...
July 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30015244/quantifying-life-understanding-the-history-of-quality-adjusted-life-years-qalys
#17
Eleanor MacKillop, Sally Sheard
Quality-Adjusted Life-Years (QALYs) are central to healthcare decision-making in Britain and abroad, yet their history is poorly understood. In this paper, we argue that a more in-depth and political history of the QALY is needed to allow a critical evaluation of its current dominance. Exploiting rich data from archives and 44 semi-structured interviews conducted between 2015 and 2018, we employ Multiple Streams Analysis to construct a complex and dynamic picture of how the idea of QALYs emerged and was adopted within UK health policy...
August 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30001717/will-artificial-intelligence-solve-the-human-resource-crisis-in-healthcare
#18
Bertalan Meskó, Gergely Hetényi, Zsuzsanna Győrffy
Artificial intelligence (AI) has the potential to ease the human resources crisis in healthcare by facilitating diagnostics, decision-making, big data analytics and administration, among others. For this we must first tackle the technological, ethical and legal obstacles.The human resource crisis is widening worldwide, and it is obvious that it is not possible to provide care without workforce. How can disruptive technologies in healthcare help solve the variety of human resource problems? Will technology empower physicians or replace them? How can the medical curriculum, including post-graduate education prepare professionals for the meaningful use of technology? These questions have been growing for decades, and the promise of disruptive technologies filling them is imminent with digital health becoming widespread...
July 13, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29987475/modelling-perception-action-coupling-in-the-phenomenological-experience-of-hitting-the-wall-during-long-distance-running-with-exercise-induced-muscle-damage-in-highly-trained-runners
#19
Andreas Venhorst, Dominic P Micklewright, Timothy D Noakes
BACKGROUND: "Hitting the wall" (HTW) can be understood as a psychophysiological stress process characterised by (A) discrete and poignant onset, (B) dynamic interplay between physiological, affective, motivational, cognitive, and behavioural systems, and (C) unintended alteration of pace and performance. A preceding companion article investigated the psychophysiological responses to 20-km self-paced treadmill time trials after producing exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) via a standardised muscle-lengthening contraction protocol...
July 10, 2018: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29957968/legal-and-ethical-aspects-of-pain-management
#20
Marko Jukić, Livia Puljak
In this manuscript we presented legal and ethical aspects of pain management. Pain is a global public health problem because the burden of acute and chronic pain is considerable and is continuously increasing. It has been postulated that pain management is a fundamental human right, and that health systems are obliged to ensure universal access to pain management services. The suggestion that pain management is a right was fuelled by ample evidence about inadequate treatment of pain. Undertreatment and underprescribing in the context of pain can potentially have serious legal consequences, including charges about negligence, elder abuse, manslaughter and euthanasia...
May 2018: Acta Medica Academica
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