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Crisis decision making

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30020981/analysis-of-global-stock-index-data-during-crisis-period-via-complex-network-approach
#1
Bentian Li, Dechang Pi
Considerable research has been done on the complex stock market, however, there is very little systematic work on the impact of crisis on global stock markets. For filling in these gaps, we propose a complex network method, which analyzes the effects of the 2008 global financial crisis on global main stock index from 2005 to 2010. Firstly, we construct three weighted networks. The physics-derived technique of minimum spanning tree is utilized to investigate the networks of three stages. Regional clustering is found in each network...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30016319/nonlinear-and-delayed-impacts-of-climate-on-dengue-risk-in-barbados-a-modelling-study
#2
Rachel Lowe, Antonio Gasparrini, Cédric J Van Meerbeeck, Catherine A Lippi, Roché Mahon, Adrian R Trotman, Leslie Rollock, Avery Q J Hinds, Sadie J Ryan, Anna M Stewart-Ibarra
BACKGROUND: Over the last 5 years (2013-2017), the Caribbean region has faced an unprecedented crisis of co-occurring epidemics of febrile illness due to arboviruses transmitted by the Aedes sp. mosquito (dengue, chikungunya, and Zika). Since 2013, the Caribbean island of Barbados has experienced 3 dengue outbreaks, 1 chikungunya outbreak, and 1 Zika fever outbreak. Prior studies have demonstrated that climate variability influences arbovirus transmission and vector population dynamics in the region, indicating the potential to develop public health interventions using climate information...
July 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30015244/quantifying-life-understanding-the-history-of-quality-adjusted-life-years-qalys
#3
Eleanor MacKillop, Sally Sheard
Quality-Adjusted Life-Years (QALYs) are central to healthcare decision-making in Britain and abroad, yet their history is poorly understood. In this paper, we argue that a more in-depth and political history of the QALY is needed to allow a critical evaluation of its current dominance. Exploiting rich data from archives and 44 semi-structured interviews conducted between 2015 and 2018, we employ Multiple Streams Analysis to construct a complex and dynamic picture of how the idea of QALYs emerged and was adopted within UK health policy...
July 3, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30001717/will-artificial-intelligence-solve-the-human-resource-crisis-in-healthcare
#4
Bertalan Meskó, Gergely Hetényi, Zsuzsanna Győrffy
Artificial intelligence (AI) has the potential to ease the human resources crisis in healthcare by facilitating diagnostics, decision-making, big data analytics and administration, among others. For this we must first tackle the technological, ethical and legal obstacles.The human resource crisis is widening worldwide, and it is obvious that it is not possible to provide care without workforce. How can disruptive technologies in healthcare help solve the variety of human resource problems? Will technology empower physicians or replace them? How can the medical curriculum, including post-graduate education prepare professionals for the meaningful use of technology? These questions have been growing for decades, and the promise of disruptive technologies filling them is imminent with digital health becoming widespread...
July 13, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29987475/modelling-perception-action-coupling-in-the-phenomenological-experience-of-hitting-the-wall-during-long-distance-running-with-exercise-induced-muscle-damage-in-highly-trained-runners
#5
Andreas Venhorst, Dominic P Micklewright, Timothy D Noakes
BACKGROUND: "Hitting the wall" (HTW) can be understood as a psychophysiological stress process characterised by (A) discrete and poignant onset, (B) dynamic interplay between physiological, affective, motivational, cognitive, and behavioural systems, and (C) unintended alteration of pace and performance. A preceding companion article investigated the psychophysiological responses to 20-km self-paced treadmill time trials after producing exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) via a standardised muscle-lengthening contraction protocol...
July 10, 2018: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29957968/legal-and-ethical-aspects-of-pain-management
#6
Marko Jukić, Livia Puljak
In this manuscript we presented legal and ethical aspects of pain management. Pain is a global public health problem because the burden of acute and chronic pain is considerable and is continuously increasing. It has been postulated that pain management is a fundamental human right, and that health systems are obliged to ensure universal access to pain management services. The suggestion that pain management is a right was fuelled by ample evidence about inadequate treatment of pain. Undertreatment and underprescribing in the context of pain can potentially have serious legal consequences, including charges about negligence, elder abuse, manslaughter and euthanasia...
May 2018: Acta Medica Academica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933794/social-services-and-behavioral-emergencies-trauma-informed-evaluation-diagnosis-and-disposition
#7
REVIEW
Patrick J Heppell, Suchet Rao
The emergency department's role in a psychiatric crisis is to assess for safety, provide crisis interventions, reach a diagnosis, make decisions about disposition and treatment, and provide linkage to the next level of care within the hospital or in the community. The evaluation of children and adolescents involved in the child welfare system brings numerous additional challenges to this already-complex environment, including familial and systemic issues and an almost ubiquitous history of trauma. This article endeavors to increase understanding of child welfare-related issues and provides insight toward using a more trauma-informed and comprehensive approach that incorporates all these factors...
July 2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931751/basic-clinical-pharmacology-toxicology-policy-for-experimental-and-clinical-studies
#8
Pernille Tveden-Nyborg, Troels K Bergmann, Jens Lykkesfeldt
Inconsistencies in the reproducibility of research findings are of pertinent concern throughout the scientific community. Initially addressed in preclinical biomedicine studies [1, 2], the discussion has expanded to fields outside the natural sciences, questioning the reliability of data and subsequent published findings, proposing a "Crisis in Confidence" or "Reproducibility Crisis" within several (if not all) research areas [2-6]. The disclosure of an apparent and low degree of reproducibility has fuelled investigations of causal factors, ranging from behavioural preferences in decision-making/"human nature" and conviction bias to experimental constituents [5, 7, 8]...
June 22, 2018: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928039/addressing-oil-price-changes-through-business-profitability-in-oil-and-gas-industry-in-the-united-kingdom
#9
Sorana Vătavu, Oana-Ramona Lobonț, Iulia Para, Andrei Pelin
In this paper, we investigate how crude oil price and volume traded affected the profitability of oil and gas companies in the United Kingdom (UK) since the financial crisis started in 2008. The study benefit from insights of the financial statements, to develop a model that focuses on how changes in oil price impact corporate performance. In order to observe the financial indicators that influence the performance, as well as the effects that changes in oil prices and demand of crude oil have on the profitability of oil and gas companies, we apply comparative regression analysis, including the generalised method of moments estimation technique for panel data set...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880574/tackling-the-workforce-crisis-in-district-nursing-can-the-dutch-buurtzorg-model-offer-a-solution-and-a-better-patient-experience-a-mixed-methods-case-study
#10
Vari M Drennan, Melania Calestani, Fiona Ross, Mary Saunders, Peter West
Despite policy intentions for more healthcare out of hospital, district nursing services face multiple funding and staffing challenges, which compromise the care delivered and policy objectives. OBJECTIVES: What is the impact of the adapted Buurtzorg model on feasibility, acceptability and effective outcomes in an English district nursing service? DESIGN: Mixed methods case study. SETTING: Primary care. PARTICIPANTS: Neighbourhood nursing team (Buurtzorg model), patients and carers, general practitioners (GPs), other health professionals, managers and conventional district nurses...
June 6, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739369/increasing-advance-personal-planning-the-need-for-action-at-the-community-level
#11
Amy Waller, Rob Sanson-Fisher, Nola Ries, Jamie Bryant
BACKGROUND: Advance personal planning is the process by which people consider, document and communicate their preferences for personal, financial and health matters in case they lose the ability to make decisions or express their wishes in the future. DISCUSSION: Advance personal planning is most often undertaken by individuals who are seriously ill, often in the context of a medical crisis and/or at the time of admission to hospital. However, the clinical utility and legal validity of the planning process may be compromised in these circumstances...
May 9, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720253/relieving-total-pain-in-an-adolescent-a-case-report
#12
Tharin Phenwan
BACKGROUND: Total pain is a concept that approaches pain holistically: physically, psychologically, socially, and spiritually. Any individual may experience pain in each domain at a different level. This is the case report of an adolescent who suffered from total pain and how his healthcare team and peers helped to relieve it. CASE PRESENTATION: A 15-years-old Thai male was diagnosed with recurrent T-cell lymphoma and readmitted to hospital. He was admitted to an adult ward and suffered from pain due to his disease and from the fear of being alienated...
May 2, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716576/protocol-a-multi-level-intervention-program-to-reduce-stress-in-9-1-1-telecommunicators
#13
Hendrika Meischke, Michelle Lilly, Randal Beaton, Rebecca Calhoun, Ann Tu, Scott Stangenes, Ian Painter, Debra Revere, Janet Baseman
BACKGROUND: Nationwide, emergency response systems depend on 9-1-1 telecommunicators to prioritize, triage, and dispatch assistance to those in distress. 9-1-1 call center telecommunicators (TCs) are challenged by acute and chronic workplace stressors: tense interactions with citizen callers in crisis; overtime; shift-work; ever-changing technologies; and negative work culture, including co-worker conflict. This workforce is also subject to routine exposures to secondary traumatization while handling calls involving emergency situations and while making time urgent, high stake decisions over the phone...
May 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702452/decision-making-performance-of-depressed-patients-within-72-h-following-a-suicide-attempt
#14
Klára M Hegedűs, Andrea Szkaliczki, Bernadett I Gál, Bálint Andó, Zoltán Janka, Péter Z Álmos
BACKGROUND: The significance of decision-making in suicidal behaviour is often highlighted; however, the performance of persons in suicide crisis is unknown. This study aimed to explore the comprehensive decision-making profile of depressed patients following a suicide attempt. METHODS: Decision-making was measured by reward- ("ABCD") and punishment- ("EFGH") sensitive versions of the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) in 59 medication-free depressed patients within 72 h after a suicide attempt and in 46 healthy control subjects...
August 1, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629392/empowerment-of-women-and-mental-health-improvement-with-a-preventive-approach
#15
Shahin Shooshtari, M R Abedi, M Bahrami, Rahele Samouei
AIM AND BACKGROUND: Mental health and empowerment are two of the women's essential needs. These two related concepts play an important role in women's lives. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate empowerment of women and its relation with mental health problem prevention during difficult situations. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted through semi-structured interviews with 33 experts in the fields of psychology, social sciences, women studies, medicine and crisis management specialists using snowball sampling in cities of Tehran, Isfahan, Tabriz, and Mashhad during the year 1395 (March 2016-March 2017)...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592827/managing-stress-in-a-crisis
#16
Alison Wright-Reid
Crisis situations are inherently uncertain and threatening. Although the primal stress reactions they provoke deliver some advantages, they so severely restrict intellect and behaviour that consultants observe crisis teams making the same mistakes over and again. Stress risks can be managed before, during and after a crisis. Crisis planning can select the right people, control the crisis team environment, and mitigate fatigue risks and memory demands. Because stress reactions are primitive, stress can be manipulated at a remarkably primitive level and teams can increase their resilience through such basics as sleep and breathing skills...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580243/factors-associated-with-the-use-of-cognitive-aids-in-operating-room-crises-a-cross-sectional-study-of-us-hospitals-and-ambulatory-surgical-centers
#17
Shehnaz Alidina, Sara N Goldhaber-Fiebert, Alexander A Hannenberg, David L Hepner, Sara J Singer, Bridget A Neville, James R Sachetta, Stuart R Lipsitz, William R Berry
BACKGROUND: Operating room (OR) crises are high-acuity events requiring rapid, coordinated management. Medical judgment and decision-making can be compromised in stressful situations, and clinicians may not experience a crisis for many years. A cognitive aid (e.g., checklist) for the most common types of crises in the OR may improve management during unexpected and rare events. While implementation strategies for innovations such as cognitive aids for routine use are becoming better understood, cognitive aids that are rarely used are not yet well understood...
March 26, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573572/general-practice-tasters-for-foundation-doctors
#18
Bryony Sales, Mike Masding, Samantha Scallan
BACKGROUND: General practice (GP) is currently not viewed positively as a career choice, compared with other specialties, with GP training programmes struggling to fill posts. Opportunities to change this mindset in the early years of training are limited. Trainees may find themselves applying for entry into GP specialty training just 3-4 months after completing Foundation Year 1 (FY1), yet there are few GP attachments during FY1 that can provide experience of primary care and positively inform career choice...
March 24, 2018: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560070/optimal-implementation-of-prescription-drug-monitoring-programs-in-the-emergency-department
#19
REVIEW
Joshua W Elder, Garrett DePalma, Jesse M Pines
The opioid epidemic is the most significant modern-day, public health crisis. Physicians and lawmakers have developed methods and practices to curb opioid use. This article describes one method, prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMP), through the lens of how to optimize use for emergency departments (ED). EDs have rapidly become a central location to combat opioid abuse and drug diversion. PDMPs can provide emergency physicians with comprehensive prescribing information to improve clinical decisions around opioids...
March 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510491/crisis-resource-management-in-the-delivery-room-development-of-behavioral-markers-for-team-performance-in-emergency-simulation
#20
Fabrizio Bracco, Gabriele de Tonetti, Michele Masini, Marcello Passarelli, Francesca Geretto, Danilo Celleno
Human factors are the most relevant issues contributing to adverse events in obstetrics. Specific training of Crisis Resource Management (CRM) skills (i.e., problem solving and team management, resource allocation, awareness of environment, and dynamic decision-making) is now widespread and is often based on High Fidelity Simulation. In order to be used as a guideline in simulated scenarios, CRM skills need to be mapped to specific and observable behavioral markers. For this purpose, we developed a set of observable behaviors related to the main elements of CRM in the delivery room...
March 3, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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